Period
to 20 April 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £54,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 2 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 23,588 31,548 41,743
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 27.94% 28.69% 28.09%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.02% 30.08% 29.26%
Number of salaries quoted 19,977 27,082 35,745
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £54,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +2.86% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £71,250 £68,750 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 78,580 104,890 142,681
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.09% 95.37% 96.00%
Number of salaries quoted 61,710 85,237 114,792
10th Percentile £31,500 £30,000 £28,500
25th Percentile £40,750 £38,000 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £68,750
90th Percentile £88,750 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 20,983 £55,000 +4.76% 5,756
UK excluding London 0 13,306 £47,500 +5.56% 3,879
London 0 8,805 £70,000 +3.70% 2,265
Work from Home 0 5,752 £55,000 +4.76% 1,474
South East 0 3,903 £52,500 +5.00% 797
North of England 0 3,112 £45,000 - 1,219
South West 0 1,991 £45,000 +5.88% 441
Midlands 0 1,969 £45,000 +5.88% 685
North West 0 1,634 £47,500 +5.56% 671
Yorkshire 0 1,185 £44,000 +1.73% 403
West Midlands +1 1,170 £45,000 - 412
Scotland 0 1,054 £47,500 +5.56% 246
East of England 0 790 £50,000 +5.26% 327
East Midlands 0 790 £42,500 - 270
Wales 0 307 £44,250 +4.12% 114
North East 0 295 £42,500 +1.80% 145
Northern Ireland 0 175 £40,000 -11.11% 52
Isle of Man -3 27 £49,500 +4.21%
Channel Islands +3 1 - -

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 11,282 (47.83%) JavaScript
2 9,075 (38.47%) Agile Software Development
3 7,344 (31.13%) C#
4 7,043 (29.86%) .NET
5 6,573 (27.87%) SQL
6 6,538 (27.72%) HTML
7 6,357 (26.95%) CSS
8 5,300 (22.47%) React
9 5,262 (22.31%) Java
10 5,024 (21.30%) Azure
11 4,440 (18.82%) AngularJS
12 4,186 (17.75%) Finance
13 3,932 (16.67%) AWS
14 3,827 (16.22%) Git (software)
15 3,805 (16.13%) SQL Server
16 3,503 (14.85%) DevOps
17 3,377 (14.32%) Software Engineering
18 3,372 (14.30%) Python
19 3,322 (14.08%) Microservices
20 3,261 (13.82%) Docker
21 3,242 (13.74%) TDD
22 3,233 (13.71%) MVC
23 3,089 (13.10%) PHP
24 2,980 (12.63%) Front End Development
25 2,907 (12.32%) .NET Core
26 2,878 (12.20%) Node.js
27 2,817 (11.94%) TypeScript
28 2,531 (10.73%) Scrum
29 2,497 (10.59%) ASP.NET
30 2,424 (10.28%) Web Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 753 (3.19%) CMS
2 528 (2.24%) WordPress
3 445 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
4 425 (1.80%) SharePoint
5 341 (1.45%) Apache
6 315 (1.34%) Confluence
7 240 (1.02%) Apache Spark
8 230 (0.98%) IIS
9 198 (0.84%) Umbraco
10 176 (0.75%) Tomcat
11 167 (0.71%) Drupal
12 137 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
13 121 (0.51%) EPiServer
14 113 (0.48%) nginx
15 83 (0.35%) NServiceBus
16 72 (0.31%) JBoss
17 71 (0.30%) Kentico
18 68 (0.29%) BizTalk Server
19 66 (0.28%) WebSphere
20 55 (0.23%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 204 (0.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 137 (0.58%) Photoshop
3 111 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
4 110 (0.47%) Sketch
5 84 (0.36%) Adobe Illustrator
6 83 (0.35%) Figma
7 75 (0.32%) Adobe XD
8 55 (0.23%) InVision
9 50 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 34 (0.14%) Chatbot
11 28 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
12 21 (0.089%) Zeplin
13 16 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 10 (0.042%) GIMP
14 10 (0.042%) MS Visio
15 7 (0.030%) AutoCAD
16 6 (0.025%) Microsoft Project
17 5 (0.021%) Adobe After Effects
17 5 (0.021%) UXPin
18 4 (0.017%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 303 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 234 (0.99%) Magento
3 135 (0.57%) Shopify
4 75 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 65 (0.28%) NetSuite
6 53 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
7 41 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
8 29 (0.12%) OpenCart
9 24 (0.10%) nopCommerce
10 21 (0.089%) Visualfiles
11 18 (0.076%) SAP Business One
12 15 (0.064%) R3 Corda
12 15 (0.064%) Sentinel
13 14 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
13 14 (0.059%) Summit
14 13 (0.055%) Infor M3
14 13 (0.055%) Oracle Applications
15 12 (0.051%) Salesforce.com CRM
16 11 (0.047%) FINCAD Analytics
17 9 (0.038%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 5,024 (21.30%) Azure
2 3,932 (16.67%) AWS
3 1,249 (5.30%) SaaS
4 1,176 (4.99%) GCP
5 1,020 (4.32%) Serverless
6 950 (4.03%) Power Platform
7 545 (2.31%) GitHub
8 484 (2.05%) AWS Lambda
9 322 (1.37%) PaaS
10 289 (1.23%) Dynamics 365
11 288 (1.22%) npm
12 287 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
13 263 (1.11%) Amazon S3
14 249 (1.06%) Azure Service Bus
15 233 (0.99%) Azure Functions
16 194 (0.82%) Microsoft 365
17 191 (0.81%) PowerApps
18 167 (0.71%) Amazon ECS
19 161 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
20 149 (0.63%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 274 (1.16%) HTTP
2 220 (0.93%) Internet
3 82 (0.35%) Skype
4 66 (0.28%) TCP/IP
5 56 (0.24%) Intranet
6 54 (0.23%) FTP
7 43 (0.18%) SSH
8 42 (0.18%) Network Security
9 39 (0.17%) Broadband
10 37 (0.16%) SSL
11 28 (0.12%) Wireless
12 27 (0.11%) Firewall
13 25 (0.11%) AMQP
13 25 (0.11%) DNS
14 21 (0.089%) Bluetooth
15 20 (0.085%) SMTP
16 16 (0.068%) VoIP
17 13 (0.055%) HTTPS
18 10 (0.042%) Ethernet
18 10 (0.042%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,805 (16.13%) SQL Server
2 2,312 (9.80%) MySQL
3 1,166 (4.94%) NoSQL
4 1,116 (4.73%) MongoDB
4 1,116 (4.73%) PostgreSQL
5 1,058 (4.49%) Relational Database
6 799 (3.39%) Power BI
7 725 (3.07%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 713 (3.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 645 (2.73%) Data Warehouse
10 407 (1.73%) Big Data
11 393 (1.67%) Redis
12 319 (1.35%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 268 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 262 (1.11%) RDBMS
15 252 (1.07%) Azure SQL Database
16 197 (0.84%) Tableau
17 195 (0.83%) Hadoop
18 157 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
19 137 (0.58%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 3,827 (16.22%) Git (software)
2 1,025 (4.35%) Jenkins
3 898 (3.81%) JIRA
4 697 (2.95%) Visual Studio
5 487 (2.06%) webpack
6 466 (1.98%) Maven
7 437 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
8 415 (1.76%) Selenium
9 355 (1.51%) JUnit
10 307 (1.30%) TeamCity
11 278 (1.18%) gulp
12 272 (1.15%) Subversion
13 264 (1.12%) Cypress.io
14 253 (1.07%) Bitbucket
15 252 (1.07%) Cucumber
16 222 (0.94%) GitLab
17 208 (0.88%) Gradle
18 206 (0.87%) Visual Studio Team System
19 203 (0.86%) Octopus Deploy
20 187 (0.79%) NUnit
General
1 4,186 (17.75%) Finance
2 1,006 (4.26%) Banking
3 894 (3.79%) Marketing
4 869 (3.68%) Front Office
5 783 (3.32%) Retail
6 695 (2.95%) Public Sector
7 694 (2.94%) Games
8 436 (1.85%) Manufacturing
9 365 (1.55%) Telecoms
10 337 (1.43%) Law
11 286 (1.21%) Electronics
12 239 (1.01%) Advertising
13 232 (0.98%) Investment Banking
14 197 (0.84%) Legal
15 194 (0.82%) Automotive
16 180 (0.76%) Back Office
17 117 (0.50%) Financial Institution
18 108 (0.46%) Publishing
19 105 (0.45%) Multimedia
20 81 (0.34%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,043 (29.86%) .NET
2 6,538 (27.72%) HTML
3 6,357 (26.95%) CSS
4 5,300 (22.47%) React
5 4,440 (18.82%) AngularJS
6 2,907 (12.32%) .NET Core
7 2,878 (12.20%) Node.js
8 2,497 (10.59%) ASP.NET
9 2,367 (10.03%) REST
10 2,363 (10.02%) Web Services
11 2,245 (9.52%) Vue.js
12 2,162 (9.17%) HTML5
13 1,994 (8.45%) jQuery
14 1,836 (7.78%) RESTful
15 1,810 (7.67%) Spring
16 1,604 (6.80%) .NET Framework
17 1,353 (5.74%) CSS3
18 1,288 (5.46%) Laravel
19 1,145 (4.85%) ASP.NET Web API
20 1,070 (4.54%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 1,895 (8.03%) User Experience
2 1,828 (7.75%) Greenfield Project
3 1,255 (5.32%) Mobile App
4 1,218 (5.16%) Analytical Skills
5 553 (2.34%) Self-Motivation
6 507 (2.15%) Hedge funds
7 443 (1.88%) Fixed Income
8 438 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 433 (1.84%) Equities
10 432 (1.83%) Derivative
11 391 (1.66%) Algorithms
12 382 (1.62%) Data Structures
13 353 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
14 252 (1.07%) Virtual Team
15 247 (1.05%) Organisational Skills
16 215 (0.91%) NHS
17 187 (0.79%) N-Tier
18 167 (0.71%) Cloud Native
19 163 (0.69%) Blog
20 149 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,685 (7.14%) Linux
2 963 (4.08%) Android
3 917 (3.89%) Apple iOS
4 696 (2.95%) Windows
5 371 (1.57%) Unix
6 139 (0.59%) Windows Server
7 92 (0.39%) Ubuntu
8 43 (0.18%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 42 (0.18%) CentOS
10 31 (0.13%) Debian
11 26 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
12 14 (0.059%) Mac OS
13 13 (0.055%) Solaris
13 13 (0.055%) Windows 10
14 12 (0.051%) Embedded Linux
15 11 (0.047%) VMS
15 11 (0.047%) Windows Server 2012
16 9 (0.038%) Windows Server 2019
17 8 (0.034%) Oracle Linux
18 7 (0.030%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,075 (38.47%) Agile Software Development
2 3,503 (14.85%) DevOps
3 3,377 (14.32%) Software Engineering
4 3,322 (14.08%) Microservices
5 3,242 (13.74%) TDD
6 3,233 (13.71%) MVC
7 2,980 (12.63%) Front End Development
8 2,531 (10.73%) Scrum
9 2,424 (10.28%) Web Development
10 2,056 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
11 1,909 (8.09%) Fintech
12 1,741 (7.38%) OO
13 1,680 (7.12%) Computer Science
14 1,574 (6.67%) Mentoring
15 1,565 (6.63%) Test Automation
16 1,468 (6.22%) Unit Testing
17 1,447 (6.13%) Continuous Integration
18 1,438 (6.10%) Business Intelligence
19 1,300 (5.51%) SDLC
20 1,251 (5.30%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 11,282 (47.83%) JavaScript
2 7,344 (31.13%) C#
3 6,573 (27.87%) SQL
4 5,262 (22.31%) Java
5 3,372 (14.30%) Python
6 3,089 (13.10%) PHP
7 2,817 (11.94%) TypeScript
8 1,115 (4.73%) T-SQL
9 996 (4.22%) C++
10 699 (2.96%) Java 8
11 683 (2.90%) ES6
12 639 (2.71%) Kotlin
13 540 (2.29%) Go
14 512 (2.17%) Ruby
15 442 (1.87%) Scala
16 388 (1.64%) Apple Swift
17 370 (1.57%) C
18 318 (1.35%) PowerShell
19 304 (1.29%) VB.NET
20 257 (1.09%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 2,155 (9.14%) Degree
2 905 (3.84%) Computer Science Degree
3 534 (2.26%) Security Cleared
4 422 (1.79%) SC Cleared
5 161 (0.68%) Master's Degree
6 111 (0.47%) Microsoft Certification
7 71 (0.30%) DV Cleared
8 60 (0.25%) PhD
9 45 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
10 30 (0.13%) AWS Certification
11 25 (0.11%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 24 (0.10%) BPSS Clearance
12 24 (0.10%) SANS
13 20 (0.085%) MCSD
14 18 (0.076%) DBS Check
15 15 (0.064%) HNC
16 13 (0.055%) HND
16 13 (0.055%) ISTQB
16 13 (0.055%) Oracle Certification
17 9 (0.038%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 778 (3.30%) QA
2 107 (0.45%) Data Quality
3 57 (0.24%) SLA
4 55 (0.23%) WCAG
5 51 (0.22%) GDPR
6 48 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 34 (0.14%) GRC
8 26 (0.11%) PCI DSS
9 19 (0.081%) NIST
9 19 (0.081%) WAI
10 15 (0.064%) MiFID
11 11 (0.047%) EMIR
12 9 (0.038%) CRD IV
12 9 (0.038%) Dodd-Frank
13 8 (0.034%) ISO 13485
14 5 (0.021%) Basel II
14 5 (0.021%) ISO 9001
14 5 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 4 (0.017%) Basel III
15 4 (0.017%) COREP
System Software
1 3,261 (13.82%) Docker
2 106 (0.45%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.14%) Firmware
4 27 (0.11%) VMware Infrastructure
5 23 (0.098%) Virtual Machines
6 19 (0.081%) NDS
7 18 (0.076%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 17 (0.072%) HDFS
9 14 (0.059%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 14 (0.059%) Hyper-V
10 10 (0.042%) KVM
11 9 (0.038%) Postfix
11 9 (0.038%) Varnish
12 6 (0.025%) LXC
12 6 (0.025%) Time Sharing Option
13 5 (0.021%) vSphere
14 4 (0.017%) Kamailio
14 4 (0.017%) OpenSIPS
15 2 (0.008%) Platform Symphony
16 1 (0.004%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 2,134 (9.05%) Kubernetes
2 603 (2.56%) Terraform
3 216 (0.92%) Ansible
4 132 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
5 91 (0.39%) Puppet
6 46 (0.20%) Prometheus
7 44 (0.19%) Packer
8 42 (0.18%) Grafana
9 38 (0.16%) Kibana
10 24 (0.10%) MIIS
11 23 (0.098%) Single Sign-On
12 19 (0.081%) Docker Swarm
13 18 (0.076%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 17 (0.072%) Consul
15 12 (0.051%) Rancher
16 11 (0.047%) Graphite
17 9 (0.038%) Opsview
18 8 (0.034%) FlexNet
19 6 (0.025%) HP Fortify
19 6 (0.025%) Marathon
Vendors
1 2,389 (10.13%) Microsoft
2 910 (3.86%) Oracle
3 800 (3.39%) Google
4 530 (2.25%) Salesforce.com
5 333 (1.41%) SAP
6 283 (1.20%) Adobe
7 275 (1.17%) Xamarin
8 270 (1.14%) Zend
9 179 (0.76%) Sitecore
10 163 (0.69%) Apple
11 125 (0.53%) IBM
12 100 (0.42%) Atlassian
13 99 (0.42%) Nintex
14 96 (0.41%) Sybase
15 88 (0.37%) MuleSoft
16 75 (0.32%) ServiceNow
17 67 (0.28%) Blue Prism
17 67 (0.28%) WooCommerce
18 62 (0.26%) Red Hat
19 59 (0.25%) UiPath