Period
to 16 January 2021

The median annual salary for a Developer was £55,000 in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

The first table below provides salary benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Developer
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 2 2
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -1
Permanent jobs requiring a Developer 18,975 35,703 43,741
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 30.48% 28.31% 28.95%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.04% 29.61% 30.17%
Number of salaries quoted 20,147 33,407 40,727
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +8.70%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,125 £31,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all permanent IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of permanent jobs in our overall sample.

All Permanent IT Job Vacancies
UK
Permanent vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 59,222 120,583 144,974
% of permanent IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.13% 95.60% 95.96%
Number of salaries quoted 48,138 97,595 117,341
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.77% +4.00% -
10th Percentile £32,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Developer.

Salary trend for Developer in the UK

Developer
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Developer over the 6 months to 16 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Developer in the UK

Developer
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 17,020 £55,000 +4.76% 4,697
UK excluding London +1 10,979 £47,500 +5.56% 3,228
London 0 7,036 £70,000 +7.69% 1,798
Work from Home 0 3,997 £55,000 +10.00% 1,077
South East 0 3,172 £52,500 +7.14% 625
North of England +1 2,783 £45,000 - 1,018
North West +1 1,549 £47,500 +5.56% 609
South West +1 1,537 £46,000 +4.55% 403
Midlands 0 1,502 £45,000 +5.88% 557
Yorkshire 0 914 £44,000 -2.22% 324
West Midlands 0 883 £45,500 +7.06% 342
Scotland 0 873 £47,500 +5.56% 216
East of England +1 693 £47,500 -5.00% 268
East Midlands 0 617 £45,000 +5.88% 214
North East +1 319 £46,000 +15.00% 85
Wales +1 293 £45,000 +5.88% 90
Northern Ireland 0 124 £40,000 -11.11% 55
Isle of Man 0 13 £49,500 -6.60% 2

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 January 2021, Developer job roles required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads featuring Developer in the job title.

1 8,953 (47.18%) JavaScript
2 7,278 (38.36%) Agile Software Development
3 5,844 (30.80%) C#
4 5,678 (29.92%) .NET
5 5,402 (28.47%) HTML
6 5,218 (27.50%) CSS
7 5,158 (27.18%) SQL
8 4,429 (23.34%) Java
9 3,992 (21.04%) React
10 3,891 (20.51%) Azure
11 3,719 (19.60%) AngularJS
12 3,430 (18.08%) Finance
13 3,096 (16.32%) SQL Server
14 3,082 (16.24%) AWS
15 3,001 (15.82%) Git (software)
16 2,948 (15.54%) Python
17 2,900 (15.28%) DevOps
18 2,892 (15.24%) TDD
19 2,657 (14.00%) Microservices
20 2,651 (13.97%) MVC
21 2,411 (12.71%) Node.js
22 2,370 (12.49%) Software Engineering
23 2,367 (12.47%) .NET Core
24 2,316 (12.21%) PHP
25 2,238 (11.79%) Docker
26 2,234 (11.77%) Front End Development
27 2,171 (11.44%) ASP.NET
28 2,073 (10.92%) Scrum
29 2,040 (10.75%) TypeScript
30 1,938 (10.21%) Microsoft

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 591 (3.11%) CMS
2 425 (2.24%) WordPress
3 401 (2.11%) Elasticsearch
4 346 (1.82%) Apache
5 284 (1.50%) SharePoint
6 265 (1.40%) Confluence
7 218 (1.15%) Apache Spark
8 165 (0.87%) IIS
9 135 (0.71%) Umbraco
10 124 (0.65%) Drupal
11 123 (0.65%) NServiceBus
12 112 (0.59%) Tomcat
13 98 (0.52%) Sitecore CMS
14 86 (0.45%) nginx
15 78 (0.41%) WebSphere
16 68 (0.36%) EPiServer
17 64 (0.34%) JBoss
18 54 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
19 51 (0.27%) Kentico
20 47 (0.25%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 171 (0.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 131 (0.69%) Photoshop
3 90 (0.47%) Sketch
4 76 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
5 72 (0.38%) Adobe XD
5 72 (0.38%) Figma
6 67 (0.35%) Adobe Illustrator
7 47 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 34 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
9 31 (0.16%) InVision
10 28 (0.15%) Chatbot
10 28 (0.15%) Zeplin
11 14 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 12 (0.063%) MS Visio
13 7 (0.037%) GIMP
14 2 (0.011%) AutoCAD
14 2 (0.011%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.011%) Inkscape
14 2 (0.011%) Moqups
15 1 (0.005%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 278 (1.47%) Magento
2 263 (1.39%) Dynamics CRM
3 104 (0.55%) Shopify
4 65 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
5 37 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
6 32 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
7 30 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 29 (0.15%) OpenCart
9 24 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 22 (0.12%) nopCommerce
11 21 (0.11%) R3 Corda
12 19 (0.10%) Sentinel
12 19 (0.10%) Visualfiles
13 11 (0.058%) Adobe Campaign
14 10 (0.053%) Odoo
14 10 (0.053%) Unica
15 9 (0.047%) FINCAD Analytics
15 9 (0.047%) Remedy ITSM
16 8 (0.042%) Maximo
16 8 (0.042%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 3,891 (20.51%) Azure
2 3,082 (16.24%) AWS
3 870 (4.58%) SaaS
4 855 (4.51%) GCP
5 762 (4.02%) Serverless
6 603 (3.18%) Power Platform
7 417 (2.20%) GitHub
8 400 (2.11%) AWS Lambda
9 247 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
10 244 (1.29%) PaaS
11 237 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
12 218 (1.15%) npm
13 213 (1.12%) Amazon S3
14 136 (0.72%) IaaS
15 127 (0.67%) Azure Functions
16 120 (0.63%) Office 365
17 110 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
18 108 (0.57%) Azure Data Factory
19 92 (0.48%) Amazon ECS
20 90 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 293 (1.54%) HTTP
2 151 (0.80%) Internet
3 131 (0.69%) Skype
4 69 (0.36%) TCP/IP
5 38 (0.20%) Intranet
6 35 (0.18%) Network Security
7 29 (0.15%) FTP
8 25 (0.13%) Firewall
9 23 (0.12%) SSH
10 22 (0.12%) Broadband
11 19 (0.10%) Bluetooth
12 18 (0.095%) SSL
13 15 (0.079%) DNS
14 14 (0.074%) Wi-Fi
15 12 (0.063%) AMQP
16 11 (0.058%) Wireless
17 10 (0.053%) WEP
18 8 (0.042%) DAB
18 8 (0.042%) RTP
19 7 (0.037%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,096 (16.32%) SQL Server
2 1,813 (9.55%) MySQL
3 1,063 (5.60%) NoSQL
4 946 (4.99%) MongoDB
5 916 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
6 870 (4.58%) Relational Database
7 616 (3.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 577 (3.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 525 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
10 504 (2.66%) Power BI
11 400 (2.11%) Big Data
12 355 (1.87%) Redis
13 272 (1.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 251 (1.32%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 182 (0.96%) Azure SQL Database
16 147 (0.77%) Hadoop
17 142 (0.75%) Tableau
18 139 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
19 126 (0.66%) Apache Cassandra
20 124 (0.65%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 3,001 (15.82%) Git (software)
2 758 (3.99%) JIRA
3 745 (3.93%) Jenkins
4 497 (2.62%) Visual Studio
5 432 (2.28%) Selenium
6 388 (2.04%) webpack
7 372 (1.96%) Team Foundation Server
8 315 (1.66%) JUnit
9 306 (1.61%) Maven
10 281 (1.48%) TeamCity
11 228 (1.20%) gulp
12 215 (1.13%) Bitbucket
13 188 (0.99%) Cucumber
14 186 (0.98%) Subversion
15 176 (0.93%) Octopus Deploy
16 175 (0.92%) NUnit
17 174 (0.92%) Gradle
18 160 (0.84%) Grunt
19 148 (0.78%) Cypress.io
20 145 (0.76%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 3,430 (18.08%) Finance
2 757 (3.99%) Banking
3 741 (3.91%) Front Office
4 660 (3.48%) Marketing
5 573 (3.02%) Public Sector
6 539 (2.84%) Retail
7 482 (2.54%) Games
8 286 (1.51%) Manufacturing
9 248 (1.31%) Telecoms
10 234 (1.23%) Law
11 204 (1.08%) Investment Banking
12 168 (0.89%) Electronics
13 154 (0.81%) Advertising
14 128 (0.67%) Back Office
15 122 (0.64%) Legal
16 107 (0.56%) Automotive
17 76 (0.40%) Publishing
18 74 (0.39%) Local Government
19 66 (0.35%) Financial Institution
20 37 (0.19%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,678 (29.92%) .NET
2 5,402 (28.47%) HTML
3 5,218 (27.50%) CSS
4 3,992 (21.04%) React
5 3,719 (19.60%) AngularJS
6 2,411 (12.71%) Node.js
7 2,367 (12.47%) .NET Core
8 2,171 (11.44%) ASP.NET
9 1,887 (9.94%) Vue.js
10 1,842 (9.71%) Web Services
11 1,758 (9.26%) REST
12 1,724 (9.09%) HTML5
13 1,609 (8.48%) jQuery
14 1,545 (8.14%) RESTful
15 1,498 (7.89%) Spring
16 1,436 (7.57%) .NET Framework
17 1,104 (5.82%) CSS3
18 1,003 (5.29%) ASP.NET Web API
19 966 (5.09%) Laravel
20 918 (4.84%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 1,473 (7.76%) Greenfield Project
2 1,405 (7.40%) User Experience
3 963 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
4 940 (4.95%) Mobile App
5 498 (2.62%) Hedge funds
6 484 (2.55%) Fixed Income
7 454 (2.39%) Derivative
8 434 (2.29%) Self-Motivation
9 389 (2.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 376 (1.98%) Equities
11 352 (1.86%) Algorithms
12 274 (1.44%) Data Structures
13 254 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
14 186 (0.98%) Virtual Team
15 164 (0.86%) Blog
16 146 (0.77%) Cloud Native
17 113 (0.60%) NHS
18 109 (0.57%) N-Tier
19 92 (0.48%) Social Media
20 89 (0.47%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 1,276 (6.72%) Linux
2 820 (4.32%) Android
3 689 (3.63%) Apple iOS
4 594 (3.13%) Windows
5 240 (1.26%) Unix
6 93 (0.49%) Windows Server
7 73 (0.38%) Ubuntu
8 48 (0.25%) CentOS
9 24 (0.13%) Debian
10 19 (0.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 17 (0.090%) Mac OS
12 14 (0.074%) Windows Server 2016
13 13 (0.069%) VMS
14 10 (0.053%) Mac OS X
14 10 (0.053%) Solaris
15 8 (0.042%) Embedded Linux
16 7 (0.037%) Amazon Linux
16 7 (0.037%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.032%) Oracle Linux
18 5 (0.026%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,278 (38.36%) Agile Software Development
2 2,900 (15.28%) DevOps
3 2,892 (15.24%) TDD
4 2,657 (14.00%) Microservices
5 2,651 (13.97%) MVC
6 2,370 (12.49%) Software Engineering
7 2,234 (11.77%) Front End Development
8 2,073 (10.92%) Scrum
9 1,913 (10.08%) Web Development
10 1,434 (7.56%) OO
11 1,396 (7.36%) Problem-Solving
12 1,376 (7.25%) Fintech
13 1,264 (6.66%) Test Automation
14 1,258 (6.63%) Mentoring
15 1,240 (6.53%) Unit Testing
16 1,201 (6.33%) Continuous Integration
17 1,113 (5.87%) Computer Science
18 1,043 (5.50%) Business Intelligence
19 1,020 (5.38%) BDD
20 970 (5.11%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 8,953 (47.18%) JavaScript
2 5,844 (30.80%) C#
3 5,158 (27.18%) SQL
4 4,429 (23.34%) Java
5 2,948 (15.54%) Python
6 2,316 (12.21%) PHP
7 2,040 (10.75%) TypeScript
8 898 (4.73%) C++
9 780 (4.11%) T-SQL
10 619 (3.26%) Kotlin
11 582 (3.07%) Java 8
12 463 (2.44%) ES6
13 428 (2.26%) Scala
14 374 (1.97%) Ruby
15 372 (1.96%) Go
16 297 (1.57%) C
17 279 (1.47%) Apple Swift
18 246 (1.30%) VB.NET
19 227 (1.20%) Apex Code
20 225 (1.19%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 1,542 (8.13%) Degree
2 598 (3.15%) Computer Science Degree
3 522 (2.75%) Security Cleared
4 397 (2.09%) SC Cleared
5 84 (0.44%) DV Cleared
6 68 (0.36%) PhD
7 61 (0.32%) Master's Degree
8 55 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
9 52 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
10 22 (0.12%) ISTQB
11 18 (0.095%) DBS Check
12 15 (0.079%) Postgraduate
13 13 (0.069%) ISEB
14 11 (0.058%) PMI Certification
15 9 (0.047%) AWS Certification
15 9 (0.047%) HND
15 9 (0.047%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 8 (0.042%) CTC Cleared
17 7 (0.037%) SANS
18 6 (0.032%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 654 (3.45%) QA
2 77 (0.41%) Data Quality
3 46 (0.24%) GDPR
4 36 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 34 (0.18%) SLA
6 27 (0.14%) WCAG
7 22 (0.12%) NIST
8 17 (0.090%) ISO 9001
9 14 (0.074%) MiFID
9 14 (0.074%) WAI
10 12 (0.063%) Dodd-Frank
10 12 (0.063%) EMIR
10 12 (0.063%) ISO 13485
11 10 (0.053%) PCI DSS
12 4 (0.021%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 4 (0.021%) JTAG
12 4 (0.021%) PSD2
12 4 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.016%) PMO
14 2 (0.011%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 2,238 (11.79%) Docker
2 72 (0.38%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 20 (0.11%) Firmware
5 17 (0.090%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 14 (0.074%) HDFS
6 14 (0.074%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.063%) Postfix
8 10 (0.053%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (0.047%) KVM
10 8 (0.042%) NDS
11 7 (0.037%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 7 (0.037%) vSphere
12 6 (0.032%) Ceph
12 6 (0.032%) LXC
12 6 (0.032%) Xen
13 5 (0.026%) Varnish
14 1 (0.005%) Samba
14 1 (0.005%) Terminal Services
14 1 (0.005%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1,483 (7.82%) Kubernetes
2 459 (2.42%) Terraform
3 190 (1.00%) Ansible
4 106 (0.56%) Puppet
5 92 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
6 83 (0.44%) Grafana
7 35 (0.18%) Kibana
8 30 (0.16%) Prometheus
9 24 (0.13%) Single Sign-On
10 22 (0.12%) MIIS
11 13 (0.069%) Istio
11 13 (0.069%) Rancher
12 12 (0.063%) logstash
12 12 (0.063%) Packer
13 11 (0.058%) Docker Swarm
13 11 (0.058%) Hadoop YARN
14 8 (0.042%) cPanel
14 8 (0.042%) Marathon
14 8 (0.042%) Mesos
14 8 (0.042%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 1,938 (10.21%) Microsoft
2 704 (3.71%) Google
3 600 (3.16%) Oracle
4 456 (2.40%) Salesforce.com
5 267 (1.41%) Xamarin
6 235 (1.24%) Adobe
7 227 (1.20%) SAP
8 194 (1.02%) Zend
9 147 (0.77%) Apple
10 136 (0.72%) IBM
11 125 (0.66%) Sitecore
12 118 (0.62%) ServiceNow
13 96 (0.51%) MuleSoft
14 91 (0.48%) Atlassian
14 91 (0.48%) Splunk
15 79 (0.42%) Databricks
16 60 (0.32%) VMware
17 57 (0.30%) Red Hat
18 46 (0.24%) UiPath
19 43 (0.23%) Facebook