Period
to 22 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 22 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 14 15
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 -1
Permanent jobs citing Degree 15,923 20,446 22,526
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.25% 12.10% 12.78%
As % of the Qualifications category 47.44% 51.08% 51.98%
Number of salaries quoted 11,239 14,843 16,953
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £25,000 £25,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,200 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £43,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 33,565 40,028 43,338
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.71% 23.69% 24.58%
Number of salaries quoted 24,291 29,758 33,247
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £26,500 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £82,500 £80,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 14,831 £50,000 +5.26% 3,363
UK excluding London 0 9,352 £43,000 +1.18% 2,689
London -7 6,245 £60,000 +4.35% 964
South East +5 3,615 £45,000 - 740
North of England +4 1,580 £37,500 -11.76% 478
South West +3 1,265 £42,500 +2.41% 354
Midlands -3 1,133 £45,000 +12.50% 404
North West +2 1,035 £37,500 -11.76% 252
East of England +1 956 £45,000 +3.01% 425
West Midlands -2 771 £45,000 +11.97% 241
Scotland -1 608 £38,500 -3.75% 193
Yorkshire -22 403 £37,500 -11.76% 157
East Midlands +1 356 £45,000 +11.80% 161
Wales -10 169 £32,500 -18.75% 84
North East +7 142 £37,500 +7.14% 70
Northern Ireland -14 49 £38,250 +17.69% 14
Channel Islands -1 3 £30,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 22 August 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 5,807 (36.47%) Computer Science
2 5,452 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
3 3,584 (22.51%) Finance
4 3,408 (21.40%) SQL
5 3,358 (21.09%) C#
6 3,307 (20.77%) Computer Science Degree
7 2,894 (18.17%) Software Engineering
8 2,720 (17.08%) Microsoft
9 2,712 (17.03%) Java
10 2,711 (17.03%) Problem-Solving
11 2,638 (16.57%) .NET
12 2,599 (16.32%) JavaScript
13 2,503 (15.72%) Analytical Skills
14 2,463 (15.47%) Python
15 2,162 (13.58%) Mathematics
16 1,923 (12.08%) Linux
17 1,912 (12.01%) SQL Server
18 1,889 (11.86%) Windows
18 1,889 (11.86%) Azure
19 1,857 (11.66%) Project Management
20 1,837 (11.54%) HTML
21 1,749 (10.98%) C++
22 1,613 (10.13%) AWS
23 1,460 (9.17%) Scrum
24 1,430 (8.98%) Git (software)
25 1,402 (8.80%) CSS
26 1,334 (8.38%) C
27 1,319 (8.28%) ITIL
28 1,310 (8.23%) DevOps
29 1,262 (7.93%) Analytics

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 334 (2.10%) Apache Spark
2 311 (1.95%) Confluence
3 296 (1.86%) SharePoint
4 295 (1.85%) Elasticsearch
5 212 (1.33%) IIS
6 203 (1.27%) CMS
7 201 (1.26%) Apache
8 160 (1.00%) SAS
9 148 (0.93%) MS Exchange
10 137 (0.86%) Tomcat
11 98 (0.62%) Skype for Business
12 65 (0.41%) nginx
12 65 (0.41%) OpenStack
13 64 (0.40%) JBoss
14 60 (0.38%) WordPress
15 55 (0.35%) BizTalk Server
16 53 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 51 (0.32%) ArcGIS
18 50 (0.31%) WebSphere
19 46 (0.29%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 893 (5.61%) Microsoft Office
2 653 (4.10%) Microsoft Excel
3 335 (2.10%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 145 (0.91%) MS Visio
5 125 (0.79%) Microsoft Project
6 86 (0.54%) Sketch
7 60 (0.38%) Photoshop
8 57 (0.36%) InVision
9 47 (0.30%) Simulink
9 47 (0.30%) SPSS
10 46 (0.29%) Adobe Illustrator
11 36 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
12 29 (0.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 24 (0.15%) OmniGraffle
14 20 (0.13%) Marvel
15 16 (0.10%) InDesign
15 16 (0.10%) SOLIDWORKS
16 14 (0.088%) AutoCAD
17 12 (0.075%) Stata
18 11 (0.069%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 129 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 51 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
3 48 (0.30%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 46 (0.29%) SAP S/4HANA
5 34 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
6 32 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
6 32 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
7 31 (0.19%) NetSuite
7 31 (0.19%) SAP ERP
8 27 (0.17%) Cognos TM1
9 26 (0.16%) Dynamics GP
9 26 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 25 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
11 21 (0.13%) SAP Business One
11 21 (0.13%) SAP SD
12 20 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 20 (0.13%) Summit
12 20 (0.13%) thinkFolio
13 19 (0.12%) SAP FI
14 18 (0.11%) SAP CO
Cloud Services
1 1,889 (11.86%) Azure
2 1,613 (10.13%) AWS
3 584 (3.67%) Office 365
4 579 (3.64%) SaaS
5 425 (2.67%) GCP
6 311 (1.95%) Power Platform
7 261 (1.64%) Cloud Computing
8 173 (1.09%) Serverless
9 159 (1.00%) GitHub
10 157 (0.99%) IaaS
10 157 (0.99%) PaaS
11 108 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
12 99 (0.62%) Amazon S3
13 90 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
14 85 (0.53%) Azure Active Directory
15 83 (0.52%) Google Analytics
16 78 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
16 78 (0.49%) OpenShift
17 75 (0.47%) OneDrive
18 63 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
Communications & Networking
1 744 (4.67%) Firewall
2 452 (2.84%) TCP/IP
3 448 (2.81%) WAN
4 424 (2.66%) LAN
5 418 (2.63%) Internet
6 399 (2.51%) DNS
7 306 (1.92%) VPN
8 293 (1.84%) Wireless
9 273 (1.71%) Network Security
10 261 (1.64%) DHCP
11 226 (1.42%) VoIP
12 217 (1.36%) Broadband
13 178 (1.12%) MPLS
14 160 (1.00%) HTTP
15 154 (0.97%) Skype
16 138 (0.87%) Wi-Fi
17 129 (0.81%) BGP
18 126 (0.79%) SAN
19 121 (0.76%) Unified Communications
20 104 (0.65%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,912 (12.01%) SQL Server
2 813 (5.11%) Big Data
3 534 (3.35%) Relational Database
4 446 (2.80%) MySQL
5 426 (2.68%) NoSQL
6 392 (2.46%) Data Warehouse
7 363 (2.28%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 342 (2.15%) Hadoop
9 339 (2.13%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 334 (2.10%) PostgreSQL
11 302 (1.90%) Power BI
12 217 (1.36%) MongoDB
13 176 (1.11%) Data Mining
14 169 (1.06%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 143 (0.90%) RDBMS
16 141 (0.89%) GIS
17 134 (0.84%) Oracle Database
18 125 (0.79%) Redis
19 117 (0.73%) Blockchain
20 104 (0.65%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,430 (8.98%) Git (software)
2 888 (5.58%) JIRA
3 581 (3.65%) Jenkins
4 549 (3.45%) Visual Studio
5 354 (2.22%) Selenium
6 310 (1.95%) Team Foundation Server
7 255 (1.60%) Subversion
8 158 (0.99%) Maven
9 157 (0.99%) TeamCity
10 156 (0.98%) Visual Studio Team System
11 141 (0.89%) Cucumber
12 140 (0.88%) Eclipse
13 133 (0.84%) Bitbucket
14 116 (0.73%) JUnit
15 108 (0.68%) SpecFlow
16 107 (0.67%) NUnit
17 106 (0.67%) webpack
18 98 (0.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 77 (0.48%) Jasmine
20 74 (0.46%) Mocha
General
1 3,584 (22.51%) Finance
2 1,084 (6.81%) Marketing
3 903 (5.67%) Banking
4 740 (4.65%) Retail
5 731 (4.59%) Telecoms
6 561 (3.52%) Public Sector
7 548 (3.44%) Electronics
8 514 (3.23%) Manufacturing
9 415 (2.61%) Games
10 331 (2.08%) Legal
11 269 (1.69%) Front Office
12 252 (1.58%) Advertising
13 233 (1.46%) Aerospace
14 174 (1.09%) Law
15 168 (1.06%) Military
16 164 (1.03%) German Language
16 164 (1.03%) Pharmaceutical
17 160 (1.00%) Investment Banking
18 156 (0.98%) Back Office
19 150 (0.94%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 4,144 (26.03%) Developer
2 1,854 (11.64%) Analyst
3 1,420 (8.92%) Software Engineer
4 1,135 (7.13%) Graduate
5 1,068 (6.71%) Junior
6 1,062 (6.67%) Consultant
7 943 (5.92%) Software Developer
8 885 (5.56%) Architect
9 838 (5.26%) .NET Developer
10 750 (4.71%) C# Developer
11 702 (4.41%) Senior Developer
12 648 (4.07%) Java Developer
13 604 (3.79%) Junior Developer
14 567 (3.56%) Graduate Developer
15 459 (2.88%) Business Analyst
16 445 (2.79%) C# .NET Developer
17 439 (2.76%) Project Manager
18 329 (2.07%) Support Engineer
19 326 (2.05%) Support Analyst
20 324 (2.03%) Senior Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,638 (16.57%) .NET
2 1,837 (11.54%) HTML
3 1,402 (8.80%) CSS
4 1,162 (7.30%) AngularJS
5 981 (6.16%) Web Services
6 956 (6.00%) ASP.NET
7 790 (4.96%) React
8 734 (4.61%) REST
9 633 (3.98%) HTML5
10 576 (3.62%) XML
11 570 (3.58%) Spring
12 531 (3.33%) Node.js
13 513 (3.22%) jQuery
14 488 (3.06%) RESTful
15 487 (3.06%) .NET Framework
16 332 (2.09%) JSON
17 325 (2.04%) ASP.NET MVC
18 319 (2.00%) SOAP
19 301 (1.89%) .NET Core
20 295 (1.85%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 2,503 (15.72%) Analytical Skills
2 999 (6.27%) Management Information System
3 918 (5.77%) Self-Motivation
4 873 (5.48%) User Experience
5 756 (4.75%) Algorithms
6 385 (2.42%) Data Centre
7 355 (2.23%) Mobile App
8 302 (1.90%) Data Structures
9 297 (1.87%) Virtual Team
10 264 (1.66%) Robotics
11 230 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
12 216 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
13 210 (1.32%) Public Cloud
14 204 (1.28%) Social Media
15 202 (1.27%) Driving Licence
16 182 (1.14%) Embedded Systems
17 161 (1.01%) Hedge funds
18 150 (0.94%) Fixed Income
19 147 (0.92%) Data Protection Act
20 135 (0.85%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,923 (12.08%) Linux
2 1,889 (11.86%) Windows
3 511 (3.21%) Unix
4 470 (2.95%) Windows Server
5 391 (2.46%) Android
6 330 (2.07%) Windows 10
7 260 (1.63%) Apple iOS
8 205 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
9 188 (1.18%) Windows 7
10 133 (0.84%) CentOS
11 122 (0.77%) Ubuntu
12 108 (0.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 97 (0.61%) Mac OS
13 97 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
14 56 (0.35%) Mac OS X
15 48 (0.30%) Embedded Linux
16 45 (0.28%) Solaris
17 29 (0.18%) Debian
18 27 (0.17%) VMS
19 24 (0.15%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,807 (36.47%) Computer Science
2 5,452 (34.24%) Agile Software Development
3 2,894 (18.17%) Software Engineering
4 2,711 (17.03%) Problem-Solving
5 2,162 (13.58%) Mathematics
6 1,857 (11.66%) Project Management
7 1,460 (9.17%) Scrum
8 1,319 (8.28%) ITIL
9 1,310 (8.23%) DevOps
10 1,262 (7.93%) Analytics
11 1,223 (7.68%) Test Automation
12 1,183 (7.43%) SDLC
13 1,140 (7.16%) OO
14 1,079 (6.78%) Mentoring
15 976 (6.13%) Cybersecurity
16 969 (6.09%) MVC
17 890 (5.59%) Machine Learning
18 879 (5.52%) Continuous Integration
19 865 (5.43%) Continuous Improvement
19 865 (5.43%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 3,408 (21.40%) SQL
2 3,358 (21.09%) C#
3 2,712 (17.03%) Java
4 2,599 (16.32%) JavaScript
5 2,463 (15.47%) Python
6 1,749 (10.98%) C++
7 1,334 (8.38%) C
8 573 (3.60%) PowerShell
9 539 (3.39%) PHP
10 506 (3.18%) R
11 488 (3.06%) T-SQL
12 359 (2.25%) Bash Shell
13 351 (2.20%) Scala
14 316 (1.98%) TypeScript
15 276 (1.73%) Ruby
16 220 (1.38%) MATLAB
16 220 (1.38%) Perl
17 200 (1.26%) VBA
18 199 (1.25%) Java 8
19 181 (1.14%) VB
Qualifications
1 3,307 (20.77%) Computer Science Degree
2 860 (5.40%) Security Cleared
3 556 (3.49%) Master's Degree
4 523 (3.28%) Cisco Certification
5 500 (3.14%) CISSP
6 496 (3.11%) Numerate Degree
7 454 (2.85%) Microsoft Certification
8 442 (2.78%) SC Cleared
9 333 (2.09%) CISM
10 324 (2.03%) PhD
11 309 (1.94%) CCNA
12 265 (1.66%) HND
13 249 (1.56%) ISTQB
14 246 (1.54%) DV Cleared
15 234 (1.47%) CCNP
16 232 (1.46%) CISA
17 226 (1.42%) PMI Certification
18 180 (1.13%) MCSE
19 173 (1.09%) PMP
20 171 (1.07%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 931 (5.85%) QA
2 379 (2.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 310 (1.95%) SLA
4 266 (1.67%) GDPR
5 180 (1.13%) PMO
6 167 (1.05%) Data Quality
7 147 (0.92%) NIST
8 136 (0.85%) PCI DSS
9 84 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 69 (0.43%) ISO 9001
11 68 (0.43%) COBIT
12 46 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 45 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
14 34 (0.21%) NCSC
15 33 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
15 33 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 22 (0.14%) Actionable Recommendations
16 22 (0.14%) ISAE 3402
17 21 (0.13%) IFRS
18 19 (0.12%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 875 (5.50%) Docker
2 801 (5.03%) Active Directory
3 454 (2.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 243 (1.53%) Hyper-V
5 222 (1.39%) Firmware
6 116 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
7 67 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
8 61 (0.38%) XenApp
9 52 (0.33%) XenDesktop
10 48 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
11 43 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 42 (0.26%) VirtualBox
13 39 (0.24%) Varnish
14 24 (0.15%) iptables
15 23 (0.14%) HDFS
16 22 (0.14%) BitLocker
16 22 (0.14%) vSphere
17 16 (0.10%) NFS
18 15 (0.094%) pfSense
18 15 (0.094%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 509 (3.20%) Kubernetes
2 327 (2.05%) Ansible
3 275 (1.73%) Terraform
4 229 (1.44%) Puppet
5 197 (1.24%) SCCM
6 159 (1.00%) Opscode Chef
7 83 (0.52%) Nessus
8 75 (0.47%) SCOM
9 60 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
10 57 (0.36%) Nagios
11 54 (0.34%) Packer
12 51 (0.32%) Salt
13 42 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
14 41 (0.26%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
14 41 (0.26%) QRadar
15 36 (0.23%) Mesos
16 35 (0.22%) Consul
16 35 (0.22%) Kibana
16 35 (0.22%) McAfee ePO
17 34 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 2,720 (17.08%) Microsoft
2 923 (5.80%) Oracle
3 672 (4.22%) VMware
4 638 (4.01%) Cisco
5 507 (3.18%) SAP
6 490 (3.08%) Google
7 349 (2.19%) Salesforce.com
8 257 (1.61%) Citrix
9 253 (1.59%) Tableau
10 221 (1.39%) Splunk
11 216 (1.36%) Adobe
12 187 (1.17%) IBM
13 174 (1.09%) EMC
14 153 (0.96%) Atlassian
15 136 (0.85%) Dell
16 128 (0.80%) HP
17 124 (0.78%) ServiceNow
18 111 (0.70%) Palo Alto
19 108 (0.68%) NetApp
20 106 (0.67%) Red Hat