Period
to 26 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 26 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
26 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 15 15
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 -2
Permanent jobs citing Degree 17,946 21,105 21,710
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.09% 12.06% 12.64%
As % of the Qualifications category 49.37% 50.72% 49.72%
Number of salaries quoted 12,831 16,231 17,149
UK median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,250 £26,250 £25,500
90th Percentile £81,250 £78,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 36,351 41,609 43,661
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 24.50% 23.78% 25.41%
Number of salaries quoted 26,359 32,141 34,349
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £26,594 £26,250 £26,250
90th Percentile £80,800 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,750
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.80% -1.76%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 26 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 16,531 £50,000 +5.26% 1,081
UK excluding London +1 10,208 £42,500 - 863
London -6 7,263 £60,000 +9.09% 304
South East +4 3,733 £45,000 +5.88% 242
North of England +2 1,697 £43,000 +1.18% 155
Midlands +3 1,542 £40,000 +6.67% 99
East of England -3 1,175 £45,000 -1.10% 154
South West -1 1,098 £38,187 -4.53% 127
North West +4 989 £45,000 +5.88% 97
West Midlands 0 903 £41,000 +17.14% 71
Scotland +4 704 £40,000 - 60
East Midlands +10 642 £40,000 +3.90% 28
Yorkshire +11 545 £40,000 - 33
Wales -6 192 £36,750 +5.00% 24
North East -3 164 £42,291 -0.49% 25
Northern Ireland -8 109 £35,750 -10.63% 2
Channel Islands -2 4 £32,500 -53.57%

For the 6 months to 26 March 2019, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 6,846 (38.15%) Computer Science
2 5,913 (32.95%) Agile Software Development
3 4,339 (24.18%) Finance
4 3,966 (22.10%) SQL
5 3,926 (21.88%) Computer Science Degree
6 3,787 (21.10%) Java
7 3,645 (20.31%) Software Engineering
8 3,346 (18.64%) C#
9 3,004 (16.74%) JavaScript
10 2,974 (16.57%) Microsoft
11 2,830 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
12 2,757 (15.36%) Python
13 2,706 (15.08%) Analytical Skills
14 2,594 (14.45%) Mathematics
15 2,561 (14.27%) .NET
16 2,336 (13.02%) Linux
17 2,174 (12.11%) SQL Server
18 2,126 (11.85%) HTML
19 2,018 (11.24%) Windows
20 2,003 (11.16%) C++
21 1,959 (10.92%) Analytics
22 1,924 (10.72%) Project Management
23 1,858 (10.35%) Microsoft Azure
24 1,691 (9.42%) Amazon AWS
24 1,691 (9.42%) Scrum
25 1,659 (9.24%) CSS
26 1,505 (8.39%) Test Automation
27 1,453 (8.10%) C
28 1,316 (7.33%) Git (software)
29 1,303 (7.26%) QA

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 436 (2.43%) Apache
2 363 (2.02%) Apache Spark
3 350 (1.95%) SharePoint
4 286 (1.59%) Confluence
5 284 (1.58%) Elasticsearch
6 269 (1.50%) IIS
7 236 (1.32%) Tomcat
8 225 (1.25%) CMS
9 213 (1.19%) MS Exchange
10 200 (1.11%) SAS
11 127 (0.71%) WebSphere
12 97 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
13 94 (0.52%) JBoss
14 93 (0.52%) nginx
15 86 (0.48%) WordPress
16 82 (0.46%) Exchange Server 2010
16 82 (0.46%) WebLogic
17 60 (0.33%) OpenStack
18 53 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 50 (0.28%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 783 (4.36%) Microsoft Office
2 723 (4.03%) Microsoft Excel
3 315 (1.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 186 (1.04%) MS Visio
5 124 (0.69%) Microsoft Project
6 107 (0.60%) Photoshop
7 87 (0.48%) Adobe Illustrator
8 64 (0.36%) InVision
9 57 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 43 (0.24%) SPSS
11 37 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
12 26 (0.14%) AutoCAD
12 26 (0.14%) Simulink
13 24 (0.13%) SOLIDWORKS
14 21 (0.12%) OmniGraffle
15 20 (0.11%) InDesign
16 15 (0.084%) Stata
17 13 (0.072%) Fireworks
17 13 (0.072%) Flinto
18 10 (0.056%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 165 (0.92%) Dynamics CRM
2 162 (0.90%) thinkFolio
3 138 (0.77%) Temenos T24
4 52 (0.29%) Dynamics AX
5 50 (0.28%) SAP S/4HANA
6 45 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
6 45 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 43 (0.24%) Magento
8 37 (0.21%) SAP ERP
9 35 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
10 30 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
11 28 (0.16%) NetSuite
12 25 (0.14%) HFM
13 23 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
14 21 (0.12%) Hyperion Planning
14 21 (0.12%) SAP BPC
15 20 (0.11%) Summit
15 20 (0.11%) WebTrends
16 19 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
17 18 (0.10%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 1,858 (10.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,691 (9.42%) Amazon AWS
3 588 (3.28%) SaaS
4 525 (2.93%) Office 365
5 356 (1.98%) Google Cloud Platform
6 283 (1.58%) Cloud Computing
7 274 (1.53%) GitHub
8 246 (1.37%) PaaS
9 172 (0.96%) IaaS
10 154 (0.86%) Serverless
11 114 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
12 106 (0.59%) Google Analytics
13 84 (0.47%) Amazon S3
14 75 (0.42%) Azure Active Directory
15 70 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
16 66 (0.37%) npm
17 60 (0.33%) Amazon EMR
18 53 (0.30%) Dynamics 365
19 46 (0.26%) AWS Lambda
20 45 (0.25%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 714 (3.98%) Firewall
2 558 (3.11%) Internet
3 474 (2.64%) TCP/IP
4 348 (1.94%) DNS
5 303 (1.69%) WAN
6 283 (1.58%) LAN
7 268 (1.49%) VPN
8 259 (1.44%) Network Security
9 243 (1.35%) DHCP
10 218 (1.21%) Wireless
11 185 (1.03%) HTTP
12 169 (0.94%) VoIP
13 142 (0.79%) SAN
14 124 (0.69%) Wi-Fi
15 118 (0.66%) Skype
16 111 (0.62%) RS-485
16 111 (0.62%) VLAN
17 106 (0.59%) MPLS
18 102 (0.57%) Modbus
19 97 (0.54%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,174 (12.11%) SQL Server
2 1,032 (5.75%) Big Data
3 666 (3.71%) NoSQL
4 638 (3.56%) Relational Database
5 560 (3.12%) MySQL
6 435 (2.42%) PostgreSQL
7 410 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
8 395 (2.20%) Hadoop
9 372 (2.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 341 (1.90%) MongoDB
11 340 (1.89%) Power BI
12 334 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 196 (1.09%) RDBMS
14 182 (1.01%) Oracle Database
15 170 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
16 149 (0.83%) Blockchain
17 142 (0.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 141 (0.79%) BusinessObjects
19 140 (0.78%) Data Mining
20 131 (0.73%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,316 (7.33%) Git (software)
2 833 (4.64%) JIRA
3 597 (3.33%) Jenkins
4 484 (2.70%) Visual Studio
5 443 (2.47%) Selenium
6 330 (1.84%) Team Foundation Server
7 292 (1.63%) Maven
8 266 (1.48%) Subversion
9 247 (1.38%) Cucumber
10 193 (1.08%) JUnit
11 163 (0.91%) NUnit
12 151 (0.84%) Eclipse
13 147 (0.82%) TeamCity
14 135 (0.75%) SpecFlow
15 120 (0.67%) webpack
16 117 (0.65%) Bitbucket
17 103 (0.57%) Gradle
18 100 (0.56%) Visual Studio Team System
19 94 (0.52%) JMeter
20 91 (0.51%) Robot Framework
General
1 4,339 (24.18%) Finance
2 1,290 (7.19%) Banking
3 1,232 (6.87%) Marketing
4 856 (4.77%) Retail
5 802 (4.47%) Telecoms
6 652 (3.63%) Electronics
7 609 (3.39%) Manufacturing
8 608 (3.39%) Games
9 400 (2.23%) Legal
10 310 (1.73%) Investment Banking
11 307 (1.71%) Advertising
12 303 (1.69%) Front Office
13 282 (1.57%) Automotive
14 273 (1.52%) Law
15 227 (1.26%) Aerospace
16 226 (1.26%) German Language
17 219 (1.22%) Financial Institution
18 204 (1.14%) French Language
19 166 (0.92%) Military
20 165 (0.92%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 4,881 (27.20%) Developer
2 2,288 (12.75%) Analyst
3 1,572 (8.76%) Software Engineer
4 1,410 (7.86%) Graduate
5 1,139 (6.35%) Java Developer
6 1,033 (5.76%) Software Developer
7 991 (5.52%) Architect
8 978 (5.45%) Consultant
9 954 (5.32%) Junior
10 915 (5.10%) .NET Developer
11 869 (4.84%) C# Developer
12 790 (4.40%) Senior Developer
13 733 (4.08%) Business Analyst
14 732 (4.08%) Graduate Developer
15 561 (3.13%) Junior Developer
16 540 (3.01%) Project Manager
17 492 (2.74%) C# .NET Developer
18 391 (2.18%) Support Engineer
19 344 (1.92%) Embedded Engineer
20 326 (1.82%) Embedded Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,561 (14.27%) .NET
2 2,126 (11.85%) HTML
3 1,659 (9.24%) CSS
4 1,278 (7.12%) AngularJS
5 1,203 (6.70%) Web Services
6 861 (4.80%) ASP.NET
7 860 (4.79%) Spring
8 749 (4.17%) HTML5
9 727 (4.05%) RESTful
10 717 (4.00%) REST
11 714 (3.98%) XML
12 710 (3.96%) React
13 612 (3.41%) Node.js
14 597 (3.33%) jQuery
15 567 (3.16%) .NET Framework
16 450 (2.51%) JSON
17 389 (2.17%) ASP.NET Web API
18 349 (1.94%) WCF
19 342 (1.91%) SOAP
20 328 (1.83%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 2,706 (15.08%) Analytical Skills
2 1,132 (6.31%) Management Information System
3 1,036 (5.77%) Self-Motivation
4 972 (5.42%) User Experience
5 715 (3.98%) Algorithms
6 614 (3.42%) Fintech
7 491 (2.74%) Mobile App
8 454 (2.53%) Data Centre
9 372 (2.07%) Derivative
10 355 (1.98%) Greenfield Project
11 315 (1.76%) Equities
12 299 (1.67%) Fixed Income
12 299 (1.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 295 (1.64%) Data Structures
14 263 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
15 258 (1.44%) Virtual Team
16 239 (1.33%) Hedge funds
17 235 (1.31%) Public Cloud
18 215 (1.20%) Embedded Systems
19 202 (1.13%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 2,336 (13.02%) Linux
2 2,018 (11.24%) Windows
3 673 (3.75%) Unix
4 586 (3.27%) Android
5 540 (3.01%) Windows Server
6 480 (2.67%) Apple iOS
7 218 (1.21%) Windows 10
8 190 (1.06%) Windows 7
8 190 (1.06%) Windows Server 2012
9 151 (0.84%) Windows Server 2008
10 147 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 112 (0.62%) Ubuntu
12 111 (0.62%) CentOS
13 91 (0.51%) Mac OS X
14 90 (0.50%) FreeRTOS
15 63 (0.35%) Debian
16 57 (0.32%) Embedded Linux
17 55 (0.31%) Mac OS
18 52 (0.29%) Solaris
19 46 (0.26%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,846 (38.15%) Computer Science
2 5,913 (32.95%) Agile Software Development
3 3,645 (20.31%) Software Engineering
4 2,830 (15.77%) Problem-Solving
5 2,594 (14.45%) Mathematics
6 1,959 (10.92%) Analytics
7 1,924 (10.72%) Project Management
8 1,691 (9.42%) Scrum
9 1,505 (8.39%) Test Automation
10 1,266 (7.05%) ITIL
11 1,239 (6.90%) DevOps
12 1,187 (6.61%) SDLC
13 1,185 (6.60%) Continuous Integration
14 1,161 (6.47%) OO
15 1,131 (6.30%) TDD
16 1,109 (6.18%) MVC
17 1,097 (6.11%) Mentoring
18 1,047 (5.83%) Information Security
19 1,033 (5.76%) Business Intelligence
20 1,019 (5.68%) Continuous Improvement
Programming Languages
1 3,966 (22.10%) SQL
2 3,787 (21.10%) Java
3 3,346 (18.64%) C#
4 3,004 (16.74%) JavaScript
5 2,757 (15.36%) Python
6 2,003 (11.16%) C++
7 1,453 (8.10%) C
8 588 (3.28%) PHP
9 569 (3.17%) PowerShell
10 505 (2.81%) R
11 487 (2.71%) T-SQL
12 466 (2.60%) Ruby
13 461 (2.57%) Bash Shell
14 327 (1.82%) Scala
15 300 (1.67%) Perl
16 265 (1.48%) MATLAB
17 248 (1.38%) Java 8
18 236 (1.32%) TypeScript
19 225 (1.25%) Shell Script
20 201 (1.12%) Go
Qualifications
1 3,926 (21.88%) Computer Science Degree
2 855 (4.76%) Security Cleared
3 614 (3.42%) Master's Degree
4 591 (3.29%) Numerate Degree
5 525 (2.93%) SC Cleared
6 471 (2.62%) Microsoft Certification
7 469 (2.61%) CISSP
8 451 (2.51%) Cisco Certification
9 435 (2.42%) PhD
10 282 (1.57%) DV Cleared
11 259 (1.44%) PMI Certification
12 253 (1.41%) CISM
13 241 (1.34%) MCSE
14 236 (1.32%) CCNA
15 231 (1.29%) ISEB
16 225 (1.25%) HND
17 215 (1.20%) ISTQB
18 199 (1.11%) CISA
19 182 (1.01%) PMP
20 167 (0.93%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,303 (7.26%) QA
2 386 (2.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 382 (2.13%) GDPR
4 320 (1.78%) SLA
5 214 (1.19%) Data Quality
6 169 (0.94%) PMO
7 125 (0.70%) PCI DSS
8 83 (0.46%) COBIT
9 81 (0.45%) MiFID
10 63 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 61 (0.34%) ISO 9001
12 58 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 45 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
14 33 (0.18%) IFRS
15 32 (0.18%) EMIR
16 30 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 28 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials
17 28 (0.16%) Solvency II
18 24 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
19 23 (0.13%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 912 (5.08%) Active Directory
2 783 (4.36%) Docker
3 476 (2.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 305 (1.70%) Firmware
5 245 (1.37%) Hyper-V
6 86 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
7 85 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
8 61 (0.34%) XenApp
9 55 (0.31%) vSphere
10 49 (0.27%) HDFS
11 48 (0.27%) VirtualBox
12 35 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
12 35 (0.20%) XenDesktop
13 34 (0.19%) BitLocker
13 34 (0.19%) iptables
14 32 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
15 24 (0.13%) VMware Server
16 23 (0.13%) Oracle RAC
17 22 (0.12%) Xen
18 21 (0.12%) Samba
Systems Management
1 400 (2.23%) Kubernetes
2 349 (1.94%) Ansible
3 314 (1.75%) Puppet
4 209 (1.16%) Opscode Chef
5 177 (0.99%) Terraform
6 171 (0.95%) SCCM
7 69 (0.38%) HP Quality Center
8 56 (0.31%) SCOM
9 54 (0.30%) Nagios
10 53 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
10 53 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
11 52 (0.29%) Nessus
12 51 (0.28%) Backup Exec
13 47 (0.26%) Salt
14 45 (0.25%) Packer
15 42 (0.23%) Prometheus
16 37 (0.21%) WSUS
17 33 (0.18%) Consul
18 29 (0.16%) CSIRT
18 29 (0.16%) Microsoft Intune
Vendors
1 2,974 (16.57%) Microsoft
2 1,201 (6.69%) Oracle
3 696 (3.88%) VMware
4 650 (3.62%) SAP
5 584 (3.25%) Cisco
6 480 (2.67%) Google
7 393 (2.19%) Tableau
8 378 (2.11%) Salesforce.com
9 279 (1.55%) Adobe
10 217 (1.21%) Citrix
11 211 (1.18%) HP
12 205 (1.14%) IBM
13 168 (0.94%) Red Hat
14 164 (0.91%) CheckPoint
15 153 (0.85%) EMC
16 147 (0.82%) Splunk
17 127 (0.71%) NetApp
18 120 (0.67%) Atlassian
19 110 (0.61%) Charles River
20 107 (0.60%) Cadence