Period
to 24 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 24 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 22 16 14
Rank change year-on-year -6 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Degree 5,804 13,415 18,425
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.13% 10.67% 12.14%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.18% 48.78% 50.20%
Number of salaries quoted 4,841 10,436 13,835
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £26,750 £26,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.11% +5.88% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 12,846 27,502 36,704
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.21% 21.88% 24.19%
Number of salaries quoted 9,354 20,770 27,191
Median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,500 £26,250
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.89% - +5.88%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 24 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 5,268 £55,000 +10.00% 1,881
UK excluding London -5 3,348 £50,000 +11.11% 1,443
London -6 2,126 £65,000 +8.33% 592
South East -4 1,093 £51,000 +7.37% 387
Work from Home +12 730 £57,234 +14.47% 304
North of England +2 705 £50,000 +15.79% 314
South West -3 466 £45,000 - 163
Midlands -6 434 £50,000 +5.26% 201
East of England +2 380 £50,000 +11.11% 217
West Midlands +2 325 £52,500 +15.38% 120
North West -7 322 £48,314 +7.36% 161
Yorkshire +9 317 £50,000 +33.33% 98
Scotland -17 184 £45,000 +5.88% 96
East Midlands -21 110 £42,500 -15.00% 80
Wales -8 81 £42,500 -1.73% 46
North East -8 66 £41,000 -11.83% 56
Northern Ireland +7 39 £42,500 -5.56% 23
Isle of Man -11 4 £52,500 -0.94%

For the 6 months to 24 January 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 2,156 (37.15%) Computer Science
2 1,666 (28.70%) Agile Software Development
3 1,484 (25.57%) SQL
4 1,231 (21.21%) Finance
5 1,213 (20.90%) Computer Science Degree
6 1,206 (20.78%) JavaScript
7 1,179 (20.31%) Python
8 1,072 (18.47%) Software Engineering
9 1,053 (18.14%) C#
10 1,029 (17.73%) Problem-Solving
11 1,022 (17.61%) Microsoft
12 978 (16.85%) Java
13 909 (15.66%) Azure
14 907 (15.63%) Mathematics
15 896 (15.44%) Analytical Skills
16 832 (14.33%) .NET
17 731 (12.59%) DevOps
18 689 (11.87%) AWS
19 637 (10.98%) HTML
20 633 (10.91%) Linux
21 631 (10.87%) SQL Server
22 618 (10.65%) CSS
23 600 (10.34%) Test Automation
24 577 (9.94%) Scrum
25 575 (9.91%) Project Management
26 567 (9.77%) Analytics
27 550 (9.48%) Windows
28 540 (9.30%) Git (software)
29 487 (8.39%) React
30 454 (7.82%) C++

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 175 (3.02%) SharePoint
2 117 (2.02%) Confluence
3 103 (1.77%) Apache Spark
4 88 (1.52%) CMS
5 86 (1.48%) SAS
6 56 (0.96%) Apache
7 54 (0.93%) IIS
8 46 (0.79%) MS Exchange
9 40 (0.69%) Elasticsearch
10 25 (0.43%) Skype for Business
11 21 (0.36%) Tomcat
12 18 (0.31%) OpenStack
13 15 (0.26%) ArcGIS
13 15 (0.26%) Umbraco
13 15 (0.26%) WebSphere
14 14 (0.24%) Jupyter
14 14 (0.24%) WordPress
15 11 (0.19%) nginx
15 11 (0.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 10 (0.17%) WebLogic
Applications
1 260 (4.48%) Microsoft Office
2 235 (4.05%) Microsoft Excel
3 86 (1.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 49 (0.84%) MS Visio
5 36 (0.62%) Microsoft Project
6 27 (0.47%) Figma
7 23 (0.40%) AutoCAD
8 22 (0.38%) Simulink
8 22 (0.38%) Sketch
9 21 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
10 20 (0.34%) InVision
11 16 (0.28%) Photoshop
11 16 (0.28%) SPSS
12 14 (0.24%) Stateflow
13 12 (0.21%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 12 (0.21%) Adobe Illustrator
14 10 (0.17%) Maya
15 8 (0.14%) 3ds Max
16 7 (0.12%) Revit
17 6 (0.10%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 100 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 16 (0.28%) Magento
3 16 (0.28%) NetSuite
4 12 (0.21%) Oracle EBS
4 12 (0.21%) Remedy ITSM
4 12 (0.21%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 10 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
6 8 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
6 8 (0.14%) FINCAD Analytics
6 8 (0.14%) SAP EWM
6 8 (0.14%) SAP WM
6 8 (0.14%) Sentinel
7 7 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.10%) Endur
8 6 (0.10%) Oracle Assets
8 6 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 6 (0.10%) SAP ERP
8 6 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
9 5 (0.086%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 909 (15.66%) Azure
2 689 (11.87%) AWS
3 275 (4.74%) SaaS
4 255 (4.39%) Power Platform
5 245 (4.22%) GCP
6 196 (3.38%) Office 365
7 155 (2.67%) PaaS
8 111 (1.91%) IaaS
9 104 (1.79%) Dynamics 365
10 90 (1.55%) Serverless
11 81 (1.40%) GitHub
12 70 (1.21%) Cloud Computing
13 64 (1.10%) Azure Active Directory
14 62 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
15 44 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
16 42 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
17 41 (0.71%) Amazon S3
18 37 (0.64%) Google Analytics
19 35 (0.60%) PowerApps
20 28 (0.48%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 221 (3.81%) Firewall
2 106 (1.83%) Internet
3 100 (1.72%) TCP/IP
4 96 (1.65%) LAN
5 94 (1.62%) WAN
6 85 (1.46%) DNS
7 80 (1.38%) Network Security
7 80 (1.38%) Wireless
8 61 (1.05%) VPN
9 51 (0.88%) HTTP
10 43 (0.74%) VoIP
11 39 (0.67%) Skype
12 37 (0.64%) SAN
13 35 (0.60%) DHCP
14 34 (0.59%) SSL
15 31 (0.53%) 4G
16 29 (0.50%) 5G
17 26 (0.45%) NAS
18 25 (0.43%) Intrusion Detection
19 23 (0.40%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 631 (10.87%) SQL Server
2 319 (5.50%) NoSQL
3 315 (5.43%) Relational Database
4 272 (4.69%) Big Data
5 186 (3.20%) Power BI
6 181 (3.12%) PostgreSQL
7 180 (3.10%) MySQL
8 171 (2.95%) MongoDB
9 146 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
10 139 (2.39%) Tableau
11 116 (2.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 114 (1.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 99 (1.71%) Hadoop
14 72 (1.24%) Data Lake
15 60 (1.03%) RDBMS
16 52 (0.90%) Data Mining
17 49 (0.84%) QlikView
18 46 (0.79%) Redis
19 42 (0.72%) Oracle Database
20 37 (0.64%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 540 (9.30%) Git (software)
2 264 (4.55%) JIRA
3 198 (3.41%) Jenkins
4 172 (2.96%) Selenium
5 156 (2.69%) Visual Studio
6 104 (1.79%) Subversion
7 84 (1.45%) Team Foundation Server
8 65 (1.12%) Maven
9 58 (1.00%) Mercurial
10 55 (0.95%) GitLab
11 53 (0.91%) Rational DOORS
12 44 (0.76%) webpack
13 42 (0.72%) JUnit
14 40 (0.69%) Visual Studio Team System
15 38 (0.65%) Gradle
16 37 (0.64%) TeamCity
17 36 (0.62%) Cucumber
18 28 (0.48%) Eclipse
19 27 (0.47%) Mockito
20 25 (0.43%) NUnit
General
1 1,231 (21.21%) Finance
2 346 (5.96%) Marketing
3 242 (4.17%) Telecoms
4 227 (3.91%) Banking
5 225 (3.88%) Electronics
6 223 (3.84%) Manufacturing
7 212 (3.65%) Public Sector
8 167 (2.88%) Aerospace
9 165 (2.84%) Retail
10 143 (2.46%) Law
11 122 (2.10%) Legal
12 109 (1.88%) Games
13 104 (1.79%) Front Office
14 100 (1.72%) Advertising
15 80 (1.38%) Pharmaceutical
16 57 (0.98%) Back Office
17 54 (0.93%) French Language
18 50 (0.86%) German Language
19 48 (0.83%) Automotive
19 48 (0.83%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,584 (27.29%) Developer
2 538 (9.27%) Software Engineer
3 529 (9.11%) Analyst
4 350 (6.03%) Software Developer
5 338 (5.82%) Graduate
6 321 (5.53%) Consultant
7 298 (5.13%) Senior Developer
8 267 (4.60%) .NET Developer
9 264 (4.55%) C# Developer
10 257 (4.43%) Architect
11 253 (4.36%) Junior
12 195 (3.36%) Java Developer
13 167 (2.88%) Python Engineer
14 161 (2.77%) Graduate Developer
15 151 (2.60%) C# .NET Developer
16 144 (2.48%) Full Stack Developer
17 140 (2.41%) Junior Developer
18 129 (2.22%) DevOps Engineer
19 128 (2.21%) Business Analyst
20 122 (2.10%) Systems Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 832 (14.33%) .NET
2 637 (10.98%) HTML
3 618 (10.65%) CSS
4 487 (8.39%) React
5 407 (7.01%) Node.js
6 339 (5.84%) REST
7 308 (5.31%) AngularJS
8 284 (4.89%) .NET Core
9 228 (3.93%) Web Services
10 219 (3.77%) .NET Framework
11 205 (3.53%) ASP.NET
12 198 (3.41%) Vue.js
13 188 (3.24%) XML
14 187 (3.22%) HTML5
15 170 (2.93%) RESTful
16 162 (2.79%) jQuery
17 146 (2.52%) Spring
18 145 (2.50%) JSON
19 133 (2.29%) Django
20 102 (1.76%) Flask
Miscellaneous
1 896 (15.44%) Analytical Skills
2 453 (7.80%) Management Information System
3 317 (5.46%) Self-Motivation
4 313 (5.39%) Algorithms
5 275 (4.74%) User Experience
6 189 (3.26%) Mobile App
7 171 (2.95%) Data Structures
8 122 (2.10%) Data Centre
9 110 (1.90%) Enterprise Software
10 105 (1.81%) Virtual Team
11 96 (1.65%) Public Cloud
12 79 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
13 78 (1.34%) Life Science
14 76 (1.31%) Hedge funds
15 59 (1.02%) Social Media
16 57 (0.98%) Robotics
17 54 (0.93%) Reinsurance
18 51 (0.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 51 (0.88%) N-Tier
19 45 (0.78%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 633 (10.91%) Linux
2 550 (9.48%) Windows
3 152 (2.62%) Unix
4 143 (2.46%) Windows Server
5 137 (2.36%) Android
6 121 (2.08%) Apple iOS
7 60 (1.03%) Windows 10
8 41 (0.71%) Windows Server 2016
9 38 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
10 26 (0.45%) CentOS
11 23 (0.40%) Mac OS
11 23 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 22 (0.38%) Ubuntu
13 18 (0.31%) Windows 7
14 16 (0.28%) Embedded Linux
14 16 (0.28%) Windows Server 2019
15 13 (0.22%) VMS
16 11 (0.19%) Debian
16 11 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.12%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,156 (37.15%) Computer Science
2 1,666 (28.70%) Agile Software Development
3 1,072 (18.47%) Software Engineering
4 1,029 (17.73%) Problem-Solving
5 907 (15.63%) Mathematics
6 731 (12.59%) DevOps
7 600 (10.34%) Test Automation
8 577 (9.94%) Scrum
9 575 (9.91%) Project Management
10 567 (9.77%) Analytics
11 434 (7.48%) Microservices
12 428 (7.37%) Business Intelligence
12 428 (7.37%) Mentoring
13 416 (7.17%) Machine Learning
14 406 (7.00%) OO
15 373 (6.43%) TDD
16 355 (6.12%) Continuous Integration
17 342 (5.89%) Decision-Making
18 330 (5.69%) ITIL
19 329 (5.67%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 1,484 (25.57%) SQL
2 1,206 (20.78%) JavaScript
3 1,179 (20.31%) Python
4 1,053 (18.14%) C#
5 978 (16.85%) Java
6 454 (7.82%) C++
7 340 (5.86%) C
8 187 (3.22%) TypeScript
9 156 (2.69%) R
10 153 (2.64%) PHP
11 147 (2.53%) PowerShell
12 114 (1.96%) Bash Shell
13 113 (1.95%) T-SQL
14 90 (1.55%) ES6
15 83 (1.43%) Go
16 75 (1.29%) Perl
17 64 (1.10%) Kotlin
17 64 (1.10%) Scala
18 63 (1.09%) Java 8
19 61 (1.05%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 1,213 (20.90%) Computer Science Degree
2 325 (5.60%) Security Cleared
3 286 (4.93%) Master's Degree
4 235 (4.05%) Numerate Degree
5 183 (3.15%) SC Cleared
6 181 (3.12%) Cisco Certification
7 180 (3.10%) Microsoft Certification
8 177 (3.05%) CISSP
9 165 (2.84%) PhD
10 108 (1.86%) CCNA
11 103 (1.77%) CISM
12 98 (1.69%) HNC
12 98 (1.69%) MCSE
13 91 (1.57%) DV Cleared
14 89 (1.53%) HND
15 84 (1.45%) ISTQB
16 56 (0.96%) CISA
17 55 (0.95%) PMI Certification
18 52 (0.90%) CCNP
19 48 (0.83%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 333 (5.74%) QA
2 113 (1.95%) GDPR
3 91 (1.57%) SLA
4 85 (1.46%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 77 (1.33%) Data Quality
6 68 (1.17%) NIST
7 34 (0.59%) CDISC
8 33 (0.57%) PMO
9 31 (0.53%) Cyber Essentials
10 24 (0.41%) MiFID
11 23 (0.40%) PCI DSS
12 22 (0.38%) Good Clinical Practice
13 18 (0.31%) EMIR
13 18 (0.31%) ISO 9001
14 17 (0.29%) ISO 13485
15 15 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
16 14 (0.24%) COBIT
17 12 (0.21%) ISO 26262
18 11 (0.19%) 21 CFR Part 11
18 11 (0.19%) GxP
System Software
1 392 (6.75%) Docker
2 257 (4.43%) Active Directory
3 176 (3.03%) VMware Infrastructure
4 67 (1.15%) Firmware
5 65 (1.12%) Hyper-V
6 26 (0.45%) VMware ESXi
7 23 (0.40%) vSphere
8 15 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
9 14 (0.24%) KVM
9 14 (0.24%) Xen
10 12 (0.21%) VMware NSX
11 10 (0.17%) HDFS
11 10 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
12 9 (0.16%) BitLocker
13 8 (0.14%) Terminal Server
14 6 (0.10%) RHEV
14 6 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
15 5 (0.086%) NFS
15 5 (0.086%) Postfix
16 4 (0.069%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 353 (6.08%) Kubernetes
2 170 (2.93%) Terraform
3 145 (2.50%) Ansible
4 94 (1.62%) Puppet
5 91 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
6 48 (0.83%) SCCM
7 43 (0.74%) Microsoft Intune
8 22 (0.38%) Prometheus
9 18 (0.31%) Grafana
10 15 (0.26%) Nagios
11 14 (0.24%) Salt
11 14 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
12 12 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
13 11 (0.19%) Kibana
14 10 (0.17%) BMC PATROL
14 10 (0.17%) HP Quality Center
14 10 (0.17%) Istio
15 9 (0.16%) HP UCMDB
15 9 (0.16%) Nessus
15 9 (0.16%) Norton AntiVirus
Vendors
1 1,022 (17.61%) Microsoft
2 246 (4.24%) VMware
3 233 (4.01%) Google
4 226 (3.89%) Oracle
5 190 (3.27%) SAP
6 155 (2.67%) Cisco
7 123 (2.12%) Salesforce.com
8 65 (1.12%) IBM
9 54 (0.93%) Databricks
9 54 (0.93%) ServiceNow
10 49 (0.84%) Adobe
11 43 (0.74%) Apple
12 38 (0.65%) Twitter
13 36 (0.62%) Splunk
14 34 (0.59%) Facebook
15 31 (0.53%) Nintex
16 30 (0.52%) Juniper
17 29 (0.50%) Citrix
18 27 (0.47%) Red Hat
19 25 (0.43%) Atlassian