Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Degree qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Academic Degree
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 20 18 12
Rank change year-on-year -2 -6 +3
Permanent jobs citing Degree 7,891 11,602 17,939
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 9.50% 10.19% 12.05%
As % of the Qualifications category 45.72% 47.50% 48.89%
Number of salaries quoted 5,243 8,684 12,847
10th Percentile £29,000 £27,500 £26,250
25th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,000 £48,000
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £73,750 £67,500 £67,500
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -

Degree is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Permanent vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 17,258 24,425 36,696
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.78% 21.46% 24.65%
Number of salaries quoted 11,686 18,392 26,841
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,000 £26,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £36,250 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £50,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.91% +1.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £72,500 £67,500 £66,250
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £81,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +6.38% +4.44% +3.45%

Degree
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Degree as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Degree.

Salary trend for Degree in the UK

Degree
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Degree over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Degree in the UK

Degree
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Degree within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 6,947 £55,000 +10.00% 2,344
UK excluding London -5 4,377 £47,500 +5.56% 1,799
London -5 2,907 £67,500 +12.50% 751
South East -2 1,433 £50,000 +5.26% 442
Work from Home +12 1,212 £57,500 +21.05% 465
North of England -2 769 £47,500 +5.56% 358
South West -5 635 £45,000 - 206
Midlands -3 556 £46,928 +3.05% 293
East of England +5 548 £50,000 +8.29% 284
West Midlands +2 401 £50,000 +16.28% 191
North West -9 385 £47,500 +5.56% 182
Yorkshire +11 308 £50,000 +29.03% 119
Scotland -2 286 £42,653 +0.36% 141
East Midlands -18 158 £42,500 -11.46% 100
Northern Ireland +7 92 £42,500 -5.56% 25
Wales -10 92 £43,500 +2.35% 51
North East -7 76 £40,750 -12.37% 58
Isle of Man -16 1 - -

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing Degree also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Degree.

1 3,115 (39.48%) Computer Science
2 2,249 (28.50%) Agile Software Development
3 1,932 (24.48%) SQL
4 1,811 (22.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 1,681 (21.30%) JavaScript
6 1,659 (21.02%) Finance
7 1,623 (20.57%) Python
8 1,529 (19.38%) Problem-Solving
9 1,440 (18.25%) Software Engineering
10 1,298 (16.45%) C#
11 1,268 (16.07%) Java
12 1,244 (15.76%) Microsoft
13 1,242 (15.74%) Analytical Skills
14 1,131 (14.33%) Azure
15 1,046 (13.26%) Mathematics
16 1,007 (12.76%) .NET
17 940 (11.91%) AWS
18 920 (11.66%) DevOps
19 893 (11.32%) CSS
19 893 (11.32%) Linux
20 884 (11.20%) HTML
21 814 (10.32%) Analytics
22 780 (9.88%) Test Automation
23 767 (9.72%) SQL Server
24 760 (9.63%) React
25 755 (9.57%) Project Management
26 754 (9.56%) Git (software)
27 702 (8.90%) Windows
28 678 (8.59%) Scrum
29 636 (8.06%) Docker

Degree
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 257 (3.26%) SharePoint
2 192 (2.43%) SAS
3 177 (2.24%) Confluence
4 134 (1.70%) Apache Spark
5 108 (1.37%) CMS
6 106 (1.34%) IIS
7 94 (1.19%) Apache
8 66 (0.84%) Elasticsearch
8 66 (0.84%) Tomcat
9 48 (0.61%) MS Exchange
10 44 (0.56%) nginx
11 32 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 29 (0.37%) WordPress
13 28 (0.35%) Skype for Business
14 27 (0.34%) Jupyter
15 23 (0.29%) OpenStack
16 21 (0.27%) ArcGIS
16 21 (0.27%) GemFire
17 17 (0.22%) SharePoint Server
18 15 (0.19%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 359 (4.55%) Microsoft Office
2 316 (4.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 104 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 57 (0.72%) Simulink
5 53 (0.67%) MS Visio
6 46 (0.58%) Spreadsheet
7 38 (0.48%) Microsoft Project
8 35 (0.44%) Stateflow
9 28 (0.35%) AutoCAD
9 28 (0.35%) Photoshop
10 24 (0.30%) Figma
11 23 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 23 (0.29%) Sketch
12 22 (0.28%) InVision
13 17 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
14 15 (0.19%) SPSS
15 9 (0.11%) OrCAD
15 9 (0.11%) Revit
16 8 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
16 8 (0.10%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 125 (1.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.34%) NetSuite
2 27 (0.34%) SAP S/4HANA
3 26 (0.33%) Remedy ITSM
4 25 (0.32%) Dynamics AX
5 19 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 16 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
7 15 (0.19%) Magento
8 13 (0.16%) Sentinel
9 12 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
9 12 (0.15%) SAP ERP
10 11 (0.14%) Oracle Clinical
10 11 (0.14%) SAP SD
11 10 (0.13%) FINCAD Analytics
12 7 (0.089%) FastStats
12 7 (0.089%) Oracle Payables
12 7 (0.089%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
12 7 (0.089%) SAP EWM
12 7 (0.089%) SAP Hybris
12 7 (0.089%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,131 (14.33%) Azure
2 940 (11.91%) AWS
3 442 (5.60%) SaaS
4 325 (4.12%) Power Platform
5 321 (4.07%) GCP
6 280 (3.55%) Microsoft 365
7 234 (2.97%) PaaS
8 185 (2.34%) GitHub
9 151 (1.91%) Serverless
10 134 (1.70%) Cloud Computing
11 122 (1.55%) Azure Active Directory
11 122 (1.55%) IaaS
12 106 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
13 81 (1.03%) Amazon S3
14 76 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
15 75 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
16 64 (0.81%) PowerApps
17 53 (0.67%) Google Analytics
18 51 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
19 36 (0.46%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 268 (3.40%) Firewall
2 203 (2.57%) Internet
3 128 (1.62%) TCP/IP
4 115 (1.46%) DNS
5 106 (1.34%) Wireless
6 105 (1.33%) LAN
7 104 (1.32%) WAN
8 89 (1.13%) VPN
9 88 (1.12%) Network Security
10 73 (0.93%) HTTP
11 68 (0.86%) VoIP
12 54 (0.68%) SSL
13 46 (0.58%) Skype
13 46 (0.58%) Wi-Fi
14 41 (0.52%) SAN
15 40 (0.51%) DHCP
16 38 (0.48%) BGP
16 38 (0.48%) Unified Communications
17 36 (0.46%) Wireshark
18 35 (0.44%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 767 (9.72%) SQL Server
2 370 (4.69%) NoSQL
3 369 (4.68%) Relational Database
4 329 (4.17%) Big Data
5 264 (3.35%) PostgreSQL
6 256 (3.24%) Power BI
7 254 (3.22%) MySQL
8 226 (2.86%) MongoDB
9 208 (2.64%) Tableau
10 202 (2.56%) Data Warehouse
11 149 (1.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 147 (1.86%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 111 (1.41%) Hadoop
14 95 (1.20%) RDBMS
15 87 (1.10%) Data Mining
16 84 (1.06%) Redis
17 72 (0.91%) Oracle Database
18 66 (0.84%) Data Lake
19 60 (0.76%) Amazon Redshift
20 51 (0.65%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 754 (9.56%) Git (software)
2 388 (4.92%) JIRA
3 289 (3.66%) Jenkins
4 200 (2.53%) Selenium
5 176 (2.23%) Visual Studio
6 144 (1.82%) Subversion
7 113 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
8 98 (1.24%) Maven
9 96 (1.22%) Gradle
10 85 (1.08%) Cucumber
11 84 (1.06%) GitLab
12 83 (1.05%) JUnit
13 79 (1.00%) Rational DOORS
13 79 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
14 64 (0.81%) Cypress.io
15 63 (0.80%) Bitbucket
15 63 (0.80%) webpack
16 59 (0.75%) Mercurial
17 57 (0.72%) Artifactory
18 55 (0.70%) Mockito
General
1 1,659 (21.02%) Finance
2 585 (7.41%) Marketing
3 346 (4.38%) Manufacturing
4 343 (4.35%) Public Sector
5 340 (4.31%) Telecoms
6 337 (4.27%) Electronics
7 317 (4.02%) Banking
8 284 (3.60%) Pharmaceutical
9 273 (3.46%) Retail
10 248 (3.14%) Law
11 233 (2.95%) Games
12 196 (2.48%) Aerospace
13 183 (2.32%) Legal
14 122 (1.55%) Advertising
15 107 (1.36%) Automotive
16 94 (1.19%) Front Office
17 66 (0.84%) Local Government
18 60 (0.76%) French Language
19 58 (0.74%) Back Office
20 57 (0.72%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 2,124 (26.92%) Developer
2 753 (9.54%) Software Engineer
3 685 (8.68%) Analyst
4 444 (5.63%) Senior Developer
5 424 (5.37%) Consultant
6 422 (5.35%) Software Developer
7 403 (5.11%) Graduate
8 377 (4.78%) Architect
9 333 (4.22%) .NET Developer
10 312 (3.95%) Junior
11 296 (3.75%) C# Developer
12 263 (3.33%) Java Developer
13 216 (2.74%) Full Stack Developer
14 182 (2.31%) Systems Engineer
15 176 (2.23%) C# .NET Developer
15 176 (2.23%) Graduate Developer
16 172 (2.18%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 164 (2.08%) Python Engineer
18 158 (2.00%) Junior Developer
19 152 (1.93%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,007 (12.76%) .NET
2 893 (11.32%) CSS
3 884 (11.20%) HTML
4 760 (9.63%) React
5 601 (7.62%) Node.js
6 489 (6.20%) AngularJS
7 473 (5.99%) REST
8 383 (4.85%) Web Services
9 365 (4.63%) .NET Core
10 286 (3.62%) .NET Framework
11 285 (3.61%) Vue.js
12 269 (3.41%) HTML5
13 268 (3.40%) jQuery
14 258 (3.27%) RESTful
15 238 (3.02%) ASP.NET
16 219 (2.78%) XML
17 207 (2.62%) Spring
18 171 (2.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 170 (2.15%) JSON
20 156 (1.98%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,242 (15.74%) Analytical Skills
2 493 (6.25%) Management Information System
3 489 (6.20%) User Experience
4 445 (5.64%) Self-Motivation
5 400 (5.07%) Algorithms
6 256 (3.24%) Mobile App
7 223 (2.83%) Life Science
8 206 (2.61%) Data Structures
9 200 (2.53%) Data Centre
10 149 (1.89%) Public Cloud
11 143 (1.81%) Enterprise Software
12 142 (1.80%) Virtual Team
13 110 (1.39%) Greenfield Project
14 107 (1.36%) N-Tier
15 93 (1.18%) Robotics
16 85 (1.08%) Driving Licence
17 82 (1.04%) Social Media
18 81 (1.03%) Blog
19 80 (1.01%) Client/Server
19 80 (1.01%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 893 (11.32%) Linux
2 702 (8.90%) Windows
3 243 (3.08%) Unix
4 206 (2.61%) Android
5 187 (2.37%) Windows Server
6 167 (2.12%) Apple iOS
7 71 (0.90%) Windows 10
8 55 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
9 52 (0.66%) Ubuntu
10 46 (0.58%) Embedded Linux
11 45 (0.57%) CentOS
12 35 (0.44%) Mac OS
12 35 (0.44%) Windows Server 2012
13 27 (0.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 26 (0.33%) Debian
15 23 (0.29%) Windows 7
16 16 (0.20%) Windows Server 2019
17 13 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
18 12 (0.15%) Mac OS X
19 11 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,115 (39.48%) Computer Science
2 2,249 (28.50%) Agile Software Development
3 1,529 (19.38%) Problem-Solving
4 1,440 (18.25%) Software Engineering
5 1,046 (13.26%) Mathematics
6 920 (11.66%) DevOps
7 814 (10.32%) Analytics
8 780 (9.88%) Test Automation
9 755 (9.57%) Project Management
10 678 (8.59%) Scrum
11 597 (7.57%) Mentoring
12 595 (7.54%) Microservices
13 587 (7.44%) Business Intelligence
14 572 (7.25%) OO
15 559 (7.08%) Machine Learning
16 476 (6.03%) Decision-Making
17 473 (5.99%) Fintech
18 471 (5.97%) Continuous Integration
19 453 (5.74%) ITIL
20 445 (5.64%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 1,932 (24.48%) SQL
2 1,681 (21.30%) JavaScript
3 1,623 (20.57%) Python
4 1,298 (16.45%) C#
5 1,268 (16.07%) Java
6 606 (7.68%) C++
7 461 (5.84%) C
8 385 (4.88%) TypeScript
9 240 (3.04%) PowerShell
10 221 (2.80%) PHP
11 204 (2.59%) R
12 191 (2.42%) T-SQL
13 186 (2.36%) Go
14 183 (2.32%) Bash Shell
15 175 (2.22%) ES6
16 114 (1.44%) MATLAB
17 113 (1.43%) Ruby
18 109 (1.38%) Perl
19 97 (1.23%) Java 8
20 92 (1.17%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,811 (22.95%) Computer Science Degree
2 440 (5.58%) Master's Degree
3 438 (5.55%) Security Cleared
4 287 (3.64%) Numerate Degree
5 277 (3.51%) SC Cleared
6 230 (2.91%) PhD
7 174 (2.21%) CISSP
8 162 (2.05%) Microsoft Certification
9 153 (1.94%) Cisco Certification
10 144 (1.82%) HND
11 141 (1.79%) HNC
12 122 (1.55%) DV Cleared
13 103 (1.31%) ISTQB
14 89 (1.13%) MCSE
15 84 (1.06%) CISM
16 81 (1.03%) CCNA
17 70 (0.89%) PMI Certification
18 69 (0.87%) CCNP
19 56 (0.71%) ISEB
20 52 (0.66%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 499 (6.32%) QA
2 136 (1.72%) GDPR
3 122 (1.55%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 109 (1.38%) Data Quality
5 89 (1.13%) CDISC
6 84 (1.06%) SLA
7 71 (0.90%) Good Clinical Practice
8 69 (0.87%) NIST
9 49 (0.62%) GRC
10 42 (0.53%) PCI DSS
11 41 (0.52%) PMO
12 34 (0.43%) Cyber Essentials
13 31 (0.39%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 21 (0.27%) MISRA
15 20 (0.25%) ISO 9001
16 19 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 20000
17 17 (0.22%) MiFID
18 16 (0.20%) GxP
19 15 (0.19%) Def Stans
19 15 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 636 (8.06%) Docker
2 310 (3.93%) Active Directory
3 212 (2.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 116 (1.47%) Firmware
5 69 (0.87%) Hyper-V
6 37 (0.47%) VMware ESXi
7 32 (0.41%) vSphere
8 30 (0.38%) HDFS
9 29 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
10 27 (0.34%) KVM
11 16 (0.20%) Postfix
12 13 (0.16%) Kamailio
12 13 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
12 13 (0.16%) Xen
13 11 (0.14%) iptables
13 11 (0.14%) QEMU
14 7 (0.089%) BitLocker
14 7 (0.089%) Virtual Servers
15 6 (0.076%) LXC
15 6 (0.076%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 490 (6.21%) Kubernetes
2 230 (2.91%) Terraform
3 198 (2.51%) Ansible
4 147 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
5 130 (1.65%) Puppet
6 66 (0.84%) SCCM
7 51 (0.65%) Microsoft Intune
8 29 (0.37%) Prometheus
9 25 (0.32%) Grafana
10 24 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
11 19 (0.24%) HP UCMDB
12 17 (0.22%) Nagios
12 17 (0.22%) ZABBIX
13 15 (0.19%) Oracle RMAN
13 15 (0.19%) Salt
14 14 (0.18%) Data Guard
14 14 (0.18%) HAProxy
15 13 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
15 13 (0.16%) Kibana
16 11 (0.14%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 1,244 (15.76%) Microsoft
2 374 (4.74%) Oracle
3 351 (4.45%) Google
4 286 (3.62%) SAP
5 280 (3.55%) VMware
6 192 (2.43%) Cisco
7 163 (2.07%) Salesforce.com
8 115 (1.46%) Twitter
9 96 (1.22%) IBM
10 86 (1.09%) Databricks
11 76 (0.96%) Adobe
12 69 (0.87%) Facebook
13 68 (0.86%) Nintex
14 60 (0.76%) ServiceNow
15 59 (0.75%) Atlassian
15 59 (0.75%) Citrix
16 50 (0.63%) EMC
16 50 (0.63%) Juniper
17 49 (0.62%) Apple
17 49 (0.62%) HP