Period
to 13 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for C# skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited C# over the 6 months to 13 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

C#
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 8 7
Rank change year-on-year -3 -1 0
Permanent jobs citing C# 11,454 18,211 24,219
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.79% 16.00% 16.27%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.99% 29.34% 29.81%
Number of salaries quoted 9,430 15,668 20,857
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,329 £31,250
25th Percentile £41,250 £38,250 £37,226
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £67,500 £65,000 £65,000
90th Percentile £87,500 £82,500 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

C# is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,831 62,061 81,257
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.19% 54.52% 54.58%
Number of salaries quoted 37,185 51,686 67,404
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +2.27%

C#
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C# as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing C#.

Salary trend for C# in the UK

C#
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing C# over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Salary histogram for C# in the UK

C#
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing C# within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 10,122 £52,500 +5.00% 2,534
UK excluding London -1 7,289 £50,000 +11.11% 1,972
London -4 3,470 £70,000 +7.69% 766
Work from Home -5 2,362 £52,500 +5.00% 579
South East -2 2,326 £52,500 +10.53% 431
North of England -4 1,671 £50,000 +11.11% 578
Midlands -1 1,096 £47,500 +5.56% 369
South West -4 910 £45,000 - 197
North West -4 778 £50,000 +11.11% 316
Yorkshire -4 765 £50,000 +11.11% 199
West Midlands -3 610 £47,500 +5.56% 210
Scotland +1 575 £45,000 - 114
East Midlands -3 478 £45,000 +5.88% 157
East of England -2 464 £50,000 - 190
Wales -1 172 £42,500 -5.56% 63
North East -7 128 £42,500 - 63
Northern Ireland -7 78 £40,000 -11.11% 31

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, IT jobs citing C# also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for C#.

1 7,967 (69.56%) .NET
2 5,186 (45.28%) Agile Software Development
3 5,179 (45.22%) JavaScript
4 4,844 (42.29%) Azure
5 4,573 (39.92%) SQL
6 3,348 (29.23%) SQL Server
7 3,240 (28.29%) .NET Core
8 2,867 (25.03%) DevOps
9 2,744 (23.96%) CSS
10 2,726 (23.80%) Software Engineering
11 2,721 (23.76%) HTML
12 2,632 (22.98%) ASP.NET
13 2,602 (22.72%) MVC
14 2,464 (21.51%) Microsoft
15 2,372 (20.71%) AngularJS
16 2,150 (18.77%) React
17 2,035 (17.77%) TDD
18 2,012 (17.57%) Java
19 2,008 (17.53%) AWS
20 2,001 (17.47%) Finance
21 1,991 (17.38%) Python
22 1,827 (15.95%) .NET Framework
23 1,767 (15.43%) Microservices
24 1,716 (14.98%) Test Automation
25 1,666 (14.55%) Scrum
26 1,563 (13.65%) Docker
27 1,458 (12.73%) Git (software)
28 1,298 (11.33%) Degree
29 1,254 (10.95%) TypeScript
30 1,233 (10.76%) Kubernetes

C#
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 336 (2.93%) CMS
2 330 (2.88%) SharePoint
3 273 (2.38%) IIS
4 202 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
5 183 (1.60%) Umbraco
6 166 (1.45%) Confluence
7 140 (1.22%) Apache Spark
8 109 (0.95%) Sitecore CMS
9 108 (0.94%) EPiServer
10 90 (0.79%) NServiceBus
11 66 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
12 61 (0.53%) nginx
13 58 (0.51%) Apache
14 55 (0.48%) Kentico
15 37 (0.32%) ColdFusion
16 34 (0.30%) WordPress
17 24 (0.21%) Cloud Foundry
18 21 (0.18%) JBoss
18 21 (0.18%) Sitefinity
19 17 (0.15%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 121 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 79 (0.69%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 15 (0.13%) Simulink
5 14 (0.12%) Chatbot
6 13 (0.11%) InVision
6 13 (0.11%) Sketch
7 12 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
7 12 (0.10%) Figma
8 9 (0.079%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 9 (0.079%) Adobe XD
9 8 (0.070%) SPSS
10 7 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
10 7 (0.061%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.061%) Spreadsheet
11 6 (0.052%) AutoCAD
11 6 (0.052%) Revit
12 4 (0.035%) MS Visio
12 4 (0.035%) SOLIDWORKS
12 4 (0.035%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 243 (2.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
3 27 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
4 22 (0.19%) NetSuite
5 21 (0.18%) Payment Gateway
6 19 (0.17%) nopCommerce
7 18 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 14 (0.12%) Summit
9 10 (0.087%) Magento
9 10 (0.087%) Sage 1000
9 10 (0.087%) Visualfiles
10 9 (0.079%) FINCAD Analytics
11 7 (0.061%) SAP Business One
12 6 (0.052%) Elite 3E
13 5 (0.044%) Infor M3
14 4 (0.035%) Maximo
14 4 (0.035%) Sentinel
15 3 (0.026%) Adobe Campaign
15 3 (0.026%) Endur
15 3 (0.026%) MoSes
Cloud Services
1 4,844 (42.29%) Azure
2 2,008 (17.53%) AWS
3 651 (5.68%) SaaS
4 595 (5.19%) GCP
5 480 (4.19%) Serverless
6 400 (3.49%) PaaS
7 338 (2.95%) Power Platform
8 226 (1.97%) Dynamics 365
9 206 (1.80%) Azure Functions
10 195 (1.70%) AWS CloudFormation
11 175 (1.53%) GitHub
12 159 (1.39%) IaaS
13 152 (1.33%) Azure Active Directory
14 137 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
15 125 (1.09%) Microsoft 365
16 109 (0.95%) PowerApps
17 108 (0.94%) Logic Apps
18 88 (0.77%) Cloud Computing
19 84 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
20 78 (0.68%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 165 (1.44%) HTTP
2 99 (0.86%) Internet
3 98 (0.86%) Skype
4 39 (0.34%) TCP/IP
5 38 (0.33%) Firewall
6 24 (0.21%) Intranet
7 23 (0.20%) Wireshark
8 20 (0.17%) Ethernet
9 19 (0.17%) Network Security
10 18 (0.16%) FTP
11 15 (0.13%) LAN
11 15 (0.13%) Modbus
11 15 (0.13%) Wireless
12 13 (0.11%) DNS
13 12 (0.10%) RS-485
14 11 (0.096%) RS-422
14 11 (0.096%) VPN
15 10 (0.087%) Bluetooth
16 9 (0.079%) WAN
17 6 (0.052%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,348 (29.23%) SQL Server
2 800 (6.98%) NoSQL
3 500 (4.37%) MongoDB
4 400 (3.49%) MySQL
5 399 (3.48%) Relational Database
6 329 (2.87%) Azure SQL Database
7 328 (2.86%) PostgreSQL
8 289 (2.52%) Redis
9 269 (2.35%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 258 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 244 (2.13%) Power BI
12 232 (2.03%) Big Data
13 208 (1.82%) Cosmos DB
14 137 (1.20%) Data Warehouse
15 120 (1.05%) SQL Server 2008
16 112 (0.98%) SQL Server 2012
17 98 (0.86%) Hadoop
18 91 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 89 (0.78%) RDBMS
20 75 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,458 (12.73%) Git (software)
2 864 (7.54%) Selenium
3 759 (6.63%) Visual Studio
4 537 (4.69%) Jenkins
5 515 (4.50%) Team Foundation Server
6 426 (3.72%) JIRA
7 394 (3.44%) SpecFlow
8 391 (3.41%) TeamCity
9 300 (2.62%) Octopus Deploy
10 287 (2.51%) NUnit
11 266 (2.32%) Visual Studio Team System
12 199 (1.74%) Postman
13 185 (1.62%) WebDriver
14 181 (1.58%) Cucumber
15 163 (1.42%) Cypress.io
16 125 (1.09%) Subversion
17 120 (1.05%) JMeter
18 104 (0.91%) webpack
19 94 (0.82%) Appium
20 92 (0.80%) MSTest
General
1 2,001 (17.47%) Finance
2 433 (3.78%) Games
3 397 (3.47%) Front Office
4 370 (3.23%) Marketing
5 290 (2.53%) Retail
6 260 (2.27%) Public Sector
7 240 (2.10%) Banking
8 196 (1.71%) Law
9 160 (1.40%) Manufacturing
10 148 (1.29%) Electronics
11 112 (0.98%) Telecoms
12 103 (0.90%) Legal
13 100 (0.87%) Multimedia
14 90 (0.79%) Back Office
15 89 (0.78%) Advertising
16 76 (0.66%) Publishing
17 60 (0.52%) Automotive
18 53 (0.46%) Financial Institution
19 52 (0.45%) Local Government
20 42 (0.37%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 7,233 (63.15%) Developer
2 2,970 (25.93%) .NET Developer
3 2,431 (21.22%) C# Developer
4 1,708 (14.91%) Senior Developer
5 1,699 (14.83%) Software Developer
6 1,458 (12.73%) Software Engineer
7 1,255 (10.96%) C# .NET Developer
8 916 (8.00%) Full Stack Developer
9 720 (6.29%) Senior .NET Developer
10 637 (5.56%) C# Software Developer
11 634 (5.54%) .NET Software Developer
12 587 (5.12%) Senior C# Developer
13 430 (3.75%) SQL Developer
14 425 (3.71%) Senior Software Developer
15 394 (3.44%) Azure Developer
16 390 (3.40%) Lead Developer
17 386 (3.37%) Senior Software Engineer
18 374 (3.27%) Junior
19 348 (3.04%) C# Software Engineer
20 332 (2.90%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,967 (69.56%) .NET
2 3,240 (28.29%) .NET Core
3 2,744 (23.96%) CSS
4 2,721 (23.76%) HTML
5 2,632 (22.98%) ASP.NET
6 2,372 (20.71%) AngularJS
7 2,150 (18.77%) React
8 1,827 (15.95%) .NET Framework
9 1,224 (10.69%) ASP.NET Web API
10 1,069 (9.33%) REST
11 1,033 (9.02%) jQuery
12 1,028 (8.98%) Web Services
13 1,004 (8.77%) ASP.NET MVC
14 993 (8.67%) Vue.js
15 954 (8.33%) HTML5
16 859 (7.50%) Entity Framework
17 853 (7.45%) Node.js
18 752 (6.57%) RESTful
19 592 (5.17%) CSS3
20 511 (4.46%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 832 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
2 539 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
3 530 (4.63%) Mobile App
4 495 (4.32%) User Experience
5 369 (3.22%) Self-Motivation
6 267 (2.33%) Hedge funds
7 264 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
8 252 (2.20%) Data Structures
9 222 (1.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 210 (1.83%) Algorithms
11 208 (1.82%) Derivative
12 190 (1.66%) Equities
13 159 (1.39%) N-Tier
14 149 (1.30%) Fixed Income
15 135 (1.18%) EPoS
16 129 (1.13%) Management Information System
17 111 (0.97%) Cloud Native
18 101 (0.88%) Virtual Team
19 91 (0.79%) Public Cloud
20 72 (0.63%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 803 (7.01%) Windows
2 539 (4.71%) Linux
3 284 (2.48%) Android
4 243 (2.12%) Apple iOS
5 173 (1.51%) Windows Server
6 120 (1.05%) Unix
7 28 (0.24%) Windows Server 2016
8 24 (0.21%) CentOS
9 20 (0.17%) Windows 10
10 17 (0.15%) VMS
11 16 (0.14%) AIX
12 13 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
12 13 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 12 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 11 (0.096%) Ubuntu
14 11 (0.096%) Windows Server 2008
14 11 (0.096%) Windows Server 2019
15 7 (0.061%) Mac OS X
16 5 (0.044%) Kali Linux
16 5 (0.044%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,186 (45.28%) Agile Software Development
2 2,867 (25.03%) DevOps
3 2,726 (23.80%) Software Engineering
4 2,602 (22.72%) MVC
5 2,035 (17.77%) TDD
6 1,767 (15.43%) Microservices
7 1,716 (14.98%) Test Automation
8 1,666 (14.55%) Scrum
9 1,233 (10.76%) OO
10 1,106 (9.66%) Mentoring
11 988 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
12 954 (8.33%) SDLC
13 920 (8.03%) Fintech
14 905 (7.90%) BDD
15 884 (7.72%) Continuous Integration
16 861 (7.52%) Web Development
17 846 (7.39%) Unit Testing
18 845 (7.38%) Computer Science
19 779 (6.80%) SOLID
20 714 (6.23%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 5,179 (45.22%) JavaScript
2 4,573 (39.92%) SQL
3 2,012 (17.57%) Java
4 1,991 (17.38%) Python
5 1,254 (10.95%) TypeScript
6 1,104 (9.64%) C++
7 843 (7.36%) T-SQL
8 604 (5.27%) PowerShell
9 421 (3.68%) PHP
10 394 (3.44%) Go
11 346 (3.02%) VB.NET
12 332 (2.90%) C
13 319 (2.79%) Ruby
14 285 (2.49%) Scala
15 244 (2.13%) VB
16 200 (1.75%) Bash Shell
17 160 (1.40%) Kotlin
18 131 (1.14%) Java 8
19 122 (1.07%) VBA
20 115 (1.00%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,298 (11.33%) Degree
2 509 (4.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 284 (2.48%) Security Cleared
4 195 (1.70%) SC Cleared
5 147 (1.28%) ISTQB
6 111 (0.97%) CIW
6 111 (0.97%) OCA
6 111 (0.97%) OCP
6 111 (0.97%) Oracle Certification
7 106 (0.93%) ISEB
8 82 (0.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 77 (0.67%) Microsoft Certification
10 75 (0.65%) Numerate Degree
11 56 (0.49%) Master's Degree
12 43 (0.38%) HNC
13 37 (0.32%) PhD
14 36 (0.31%) DV Cleared
15 34 (0.30%) HND
16 18 (0.16%) AWS Certification
17 12 (0.10%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 871 (7.60%) QA
2 46 (0.40%) SLA
3 43 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 30 (0.26%) Data Quality
4 30 (0.26%) GRC
5 28 (0.24%) GDPR
6 20 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 14 (0.12%) WAI
8 10 (0.087%) HIPAA
8 10 (0.087%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.087%) WCAG
9 9 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
9 9 (0.079%) EMIR
9 9 (0.079%) MiFID
10 8 (0.070%) IEC 61131
10 8 (0.070%) PSD2
11 7 (0.061%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.044%) ISO 13485
12 5 (0.044%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 5 (0.044%) NIST
System Software
1 1,563 (13.65%) Docker
2 90 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 48 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
4 30 (0.26%) Firmware
5 17 (0.15%) VirtualBox
6 8 (0.070%) LXC
7 7 (0.061%) Virtual Machines
8 6 (0.052%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 5 (0.044%) Snort
9 5 (0.044%) Squid
10 4 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
10 4 (0.035%) vSphere
11 3 (0.026%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
11 3 (0.026%) VMware NSX
12 2 (0.017%) Ceph
13 1 (0.009%) Gluster
13 1 (0.009%) KVM
13 1 (0.009%) Platform Symphony
13 1 (0.009%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1,233 (10.76%) Kubernetes
2 645 (5.63%) Terraform
3 275 (2.40%) Ansible
4 193 (1.69%) Opscode Chef
5 173 (1.51%) Puppet
6 106 (0.93%) Grafana
7 103 (0.90%) Prometheus
8 29 (0.25%) Istio
9 28 (0.24%) Kibana
10 21 (0.18%) Fortio
10 21 (0.18%) Kiali
11 16 (0.14%) MIIS
12 13 (0.11%) Packer
13 11 (0.096%) HP Quality Center
13 11 (0.096%) Rancher
14 10 (0.087%) Rundeck
15 9 (0.079%) Failover Clustering
15 9 (0.079%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 7 (0.061%) Nessus
17 6 (0.052%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 2,464 (21.51%) Microsoft
2 454 (3.96%) Oracle
3 272 (2.37%) Xamarin
4 271 (2.37%) Google
5 138 (1.20%) Sitecore
6 99 (0.86%) SAP
7 97 (0.85%) Nintex
8 81 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
9 78 (0.68%) VMware
10 71 (0.62%) Atlassian
11 67 (0.58%) Databricks
12 60 (0.52%) New Relic
13 56 (0.49%) SaltStack
14 54 (0.47%) IBM
15 49 (0.43%) Splunk
16 46 (0.40%) Telerik
17 40 (0.35%) Adobe
17 40 (0.35%) Sage
18 31 (0.27%) Apple
19 27 (0.24%) Red Hat