Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 9 11 13
Rank change year-on-year +2 +2 +3
Permanent jobs citing Python 29,034 16,160 8,943
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.07% 14.15% 13.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.23% 25.93% 24.58%
Number of salaries quoted 11,639 10,210 7,220
10th Percentile £41,250 £41,250 £37,500
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £63,750
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% +1.96% +6.25%
75th Percentile £92,250 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £103,750 £107,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,075 62,313 36,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.97% 54.56% 56.49%
Number of salaries quoted 43,634 42,700 30,207
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,000 £32,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 24,363 £70,000 +3.70% 1,988
London +2 16,534 £80,000 +3.23% 993
Work from Home +4 12,923 £70,000 +7.69% 988
UK excluding London +2 8,491 £57,500 +4.55% 1,083
South East +7 2,160 £60,000 +9.09% 220
North of England +3 1,978 £60,000 +4.35% 216
South West +2 1,381 £55,000 +7.84% 168
Midlands -1 1,186 £55,000 - 141
North West +7 1,119 £60,000 +4.35% 125
West Midlands +4 862 £55,000 -8.33% 83
East of England +2 851 £60,000 +4.35% 227
Yorkshire -2 782 £57,500 - 63
Scotland -2 689 £60,000 +14.29% 81
East Midlands -1 323 £60,000 +33.33% 58
Wales +30 219 £57,063 +26.81% 22
Northern Ireland -11 131 £51,250 -31.67% 8
North East -1 78 £57,500 +21.05% 28
Channel Islands -3 12 £50,000 -41.18%

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 12,665 (43.62%) AWS
2 12,213 (42.06%) Agile
3 9,816 (33.81%) SQL
4 9,611 (33.10%) Java
5 9,334 (32.15%) Software Engineering
6 8,500 (29.28%) DevOps
7 8,125 (27.98%) CI/CD
8 8,102 (27.91%) Azure
9 7,966 (27.44%) Finance
10 7,128 (24.55%) JavaScript
11 7,079 (24.38%) Docker
12 6,987 (24.06%) Kubernetes
13 6,742 (23.22%) GCP
14 6,705 (23.09%) Analytics
15 6,369 (21.94%) Social Skills
16 6,153 (21.19%) Data Science
17 5,701 (19.64%) Linux
18 5,285 (18.20%) Degree
19 5,012 (17.26%) Machine Learning
20 4,973 (17.13%) Terraform
21 4,630 (15.95%) React
22 4,544 (15.65%) Git (software)
23 4,471 (15.40%) Problem-Solving
24 4,209 (14.50%) Computer Science
25 4,186 (14.42%) Mentoring
26 3,997 (13.77%) Test Automation
27 3,721 (12.82%) Analytical Skills
28 3,598 (12.39%) Microservices
29 3,519 (12.12%) Jenkins
30 3,510 (12.09%) C#

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2,073 (7.14%) Apache Spark
2 1,272 (4.38%) Apache
3 1,245 (4.29%) Apache Airflow
4 655 (2.26%) Confluence
5 266 (0.92%) CMS
5 266 (0.92%) SAS
6 263 (0.91%) Jupyter
7 243 (0.84%) nginx
8 168 (0.58%) OpenStack
9 127 (0.44%) Apache Pulsar
10 123 (0.42%) SharePoint
11 110 (0.38%) Luigi
12 108 (0.37%) Headless CMS
13 102 (0.35%) ArcGIS
14 99 (0.34%) Ethereum
14 99 (0.34%) Tornado
15 98 (0.34%) Cloud Foundry
16 93 (0.32%) WordPress
17 90 (0.31%) Tomcat
18 72 (0.25%) IIS
Applications
1 659 (2.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 172 (0.59%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 156 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
4 126 (0.43%) Simulink
5 57 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
6 45 (0.15%) SPSS
7 42 (0.14%) Maya
8 37 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 36 (0.12%) Stata
10 33 (0.11%) MS Visio
11 32 (0.11%) Stateflow
12 27 (0.093%) Campfire
13 26 (0.090%) Microsoft Project
14 22 (0.076%) AutoCAD
15 20 (0.069%) Blender
15 20 (0.069%) ZBrush
16 15 (0.052%) CATIA
17 10 (0.034%) Adobe Premiere
18 9 (0.031%) Adobe XD
18 9 (0.031%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 85 (0.29%) Shopify
2 67 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
3 46 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
4 40 (0.14%) R3 Corda
5 38 (0.13%) Magento
6 27 (0.093%) Dynamics CRM
7 20 (0.069%) Oracle Payables
8 19 (0.065%) Academy Housing
9 18 (0.062%) Odoo
10 17 (0.059%) Teamcenter
11 16 (0.055%) Fidessa
12 14 (0.048%) Oracle Financials
12 14 (0.048%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 13 (0.045%) Adobe Campaign
13 13 (0.045%) Ripple
13 13 (0.045%) Ripple XRP
14 12 (0.041%) thinkFolio
15 11 (0.038%) Primavera
16 8 (0.028%) Oracle Assets
17 7 (0.024%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
Cloud Services
1 12,665 (43.62%) AWS
2 8,102 (27.91%) Azure
3 6,742 (23.22%) GCP
4 3,311 (11.40%) Serverless
5 2,039 (7.02%) GitHub
6 1,648 (5.68%) AWS Lambda
7 1,557 (5.36%) SaaS
8 1,538 (5.30%) Power Platform
9 1,484 (5.11%) Amazon S3
10 1,459 (5.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 1,081 (3.72%) Azure DevOps
12 1,004 (3.46%) Snowflake
13 954 (3.29%) Cloud Computing
14 947 (3.26%) Amazon ECS
15 813 (2.80%) Amazon EC2
16 573 (1.97%) dbt
17 563 (1.94%) PaaS
18 562 (1.94%) Amazon Kinesis
19 543 (1.87%) Datadog
20 534 (1.84%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 739 (2.55%) Internet
2 633 (2.18%) Firewall
3 547 (1.88%) DNS
4 511 (1.76%) HTTP
5 416 (1.43%) TCP/IP
6 359 (1.24%) Network Security
7 298 (1.03%) VPN
8 280 (0.96%) Broadband
9 220 (0.76%) DHCP
10 219 (0.75%) Wireless
11 196 (0.68%) WAN
12 146 (0.50%) LAN
13 144 (0.50%) BGP
14 134 (0.46%) Wireshark
15 101 (0.35%) SSL
16 100 (0.34%) Wi-Fi
17 97 (0.33%) MPLS
17 97 (0.33%) MQTT
18 87 (0.30%) OSPF
19 79 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,392 (11.68%) PostgreSQL
2 2,946 (10.15%) Big Data
3 2,669 (9.19%) NoSQL
4 2,123 (7.31%) Data Warehouse
5 1,983 (6.83%) MySQL
6 1,803 (6.21%) Relational Database
7 1,729 (5.96%) SQL Server
8 1,576 (5.43%) Tableau
9 1,551 (5.34%) MongoDB
10 1,475 (5.08%) Power BI
11 1,314 (4.53%) Data Lake
12 1,248 (4.30%) Elasticsearch
13 1,211 (4.17%) BigQuery
14 1,104 (3.80%) Hadoop
15 945 (3.25%) Amazon Redshift
16 878 (3.02%) Redis
17 778 (2.68%) DynamoDB
18 630 (2.17%) Looker
19 596 (2.05%) Amazon Athena
20 595 (2.05%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 4,544 (15.65%) Git (software)
2 3,519 (12.12%) Jenkins
3 1,974 (6.80%) JIRA
4 1,348 (4.64%) GitLab
5 870 (3.00%) Selenium
6 743 (2.56%) CircleCI
7 582 (2.00%) Maven
8 516 (1.78%) Cypress.io
9 442 (1.52%) Cucumber
10 440 (1.52%) Bitbucket
11 436 (1.50%) Subversion
12 435 (1.50%) TeamCity
13 376 (1.30%) Gradle
14 348 (1.20%) webpack
15 339 (1.17%) Postman
16 328 (1.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 318 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
18 271 (0.93%) Travis CI
19 260 (0.90%) Team Foundation Server
20 240 (0.83%) JUnit
General
1 7,966 (27.44%) Finance
2 6,369 (21.94%) Social Skills
3 3,721 (12.82%) Analytical Skills
4 2,313 (7.97%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 2,013 (6.93%) Marketing
6 1,935 (6.66%) Games
7 1,751 (6.03%) Banking
8 1,708 (5.88%) Retail
9 1,033 (3.56%) Public Sector
10 987 (3.40%) Manufacturing
11 887 (3.06%) Front Office
12 856 (2.95%) Advertising
13 758 (2.61%) Legal
14 743 (2.56%) Law
15 741 (2.55%) Automotive
16 558 (1.92%) Presentation Skills
17 551 (1.90%) Telecoms
18 530 (1.83%) Electronics
19 360 (1.24%) Financial Institution
20 339 (1.17%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 5,441 (18.74%) Developer
2 5,240 (18.05%) Software Engineer
3 3,199 (11.02%) Data Engineer
4 2,589 (8.92%) DevOps Engineer
5 1,895 (6.53%) Analyst
6 1,555 (5.36%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,524 (5.25%) Python Developer
8 1,236 (4.26%) Python Engineer
9 1,146 (3.95%) Cloud Engineer
10 1,141 (3.93%) Senior Developer
11 1,115 (3.84%) Data Scientist
12 898 (3.09%) Senior Data Engineer
13 881 (3.03%) Full Stack Developer
14 819 (2.82%) Architect
15 785 (2.70%) AWS Engineer
16 781 (2.69%) Senior DevOps
17 756 (2.60%) Data Analyst
18 752 (2.59%) Software Developer
19 728 (2.51%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 723 (2.49%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,630 (15.95%) React
2 3,045 (10.49%) Node.js
3 2,402 (8.27%) Kafka
4 2,347 (8.08%) .NET
5 2,104 (7.25%) HTML
6 2,036 (7.01%) REST
7 2,018 (6.95%) CSS
8 1,890 (6.51%) Django
9 1,672 (5.76%) AngularJS
10 1,536 (5.29%) RESTful
11 1,190 (4.10%) Spring
12 1,176 (4.05%) Vue.js
13 1,146 (3.95%) GraphQL
14 1,009 (3.48%) Pandas
15 896 (3.09%) Web Services
16 799 (2.75%) Flask
17 717 (2.47%) TensorFlow
18 709 (2.44%) NumPy
19 655 (2.26%) Elastic Stack
20 606 (2.09%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 3,289 (11.33%) Algorithms
2 1,751 (6.03%) Cloud Native
3 1,710 (5.89%) Data Structures
4 1,357 (4.67%) User Experience
5 1,219 (4.20%) Public Cloud
6 1,098 (3.78%) Self-Motivation
7 1,034 (3.56%) Mobile App
8 823 (2.83%) Hedge funds
9 789 (2.72%) Derivative
10 772 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
11 688 (2.37%) Life Science
12 659 (2.27%) Linux Command Line
13 641 (2.21%) Fixed Income
14 635 (2.19%) Hackathon
15 590 (2.03%) Management Information System
16 564 (1.94%) Equities
17 556 (1.91%) Virtual Team
18 528 (1.82%) Blog
19 487 (1.68%) IoT
20 486 (1.67%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 5,701 (19.64%) Linux
2 1,846 (6.36%) Windows
3 1,457 (5.02%) Unix
4 508 (1.75%) Android
5 407 (1.40%) Apple iOS
6 377 (1.30%) CentOS
7 323 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 278 (0.96%) Windows Server
9 254 (0.87%) Ubuntu
10 150 (0.52%) Mesosphere
11 95 (0.33%) Embedded Linux
12 87 (0.30%) Mac OS
13 86 (0.30%) Debian
14 49 (0.17%) VMS
14 49 (0.17%) Windows 10
15 39 (0.13%) Amazon Linux
15 39 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
16 38 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 32 (0.11%) Solaris
18 29 (0.100%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,213 (42.06%) Agile
2 9,334 (32.15%) Software Engineering
3 8,500 (29.28%) DevOps
4 8,125 (27.98%) CI/CD
5 6,705 (23.09%) Analytics
6 6,153 (21.19%) Data Science
7 5,012 (17.26%) Machine Learning
8 4,471 (15.40%) Problem-Solving
9 4,209 (14.50%) Computer Science
10 4,186 (14.42%) Mentoring
11 3,997 (13.77%) Test Automation
12 3,598 (12.39%) Microservices
13 3,404 (11.72%) Artificial Intelligence
14 3,255 (11.21%) Data Engineering
14 3,255 (11.21%) Full Stack Development
15 3,135 (10.80%) TDD
16 3,083 (10.62%) Scrum
17 3,049 (10.50%) Infrastructure as Code
18 2,665 (9.18%) Continuous Integration
19 2,559 (8.81%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 9,816 (33.81%) SQL
2 9,611 (33.10%) Java
3 7,128 (24.55%) JavaScript
4 3,510 (12.09%) C#
5 3,328 (11.46%) Bash
6 3,295 (11.35%) Go
7 3,141 (10.82%) C++
8 2,754 (9.49%) TypeScript
9 2,374 (8.18%) PowerShell
10 2,242 (7.72%) R
11 2,204 (7.59%) Ruby
12 1,911 (6.58%) C
13 1,737 (5.98%) Scala
14 1,314 (4.53%) PHP
15 1,045 (3.60%) Perl
16 934 (3.22%) Kotlin
17 874 (3.01%) Shell Script
18 677 (2.33%) MATLAB
19 594 (2.05%) Groovy
20 446 (1.54%) Rust
Qualifications
1 5,285 (18.20%) Degree
2 1,858 (6.40%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,283 (4.42%) Security Cleared
4 766 (2.64%) SC Cleared
5 750 (2.58%) PhD
6 650 (2.24%) Master's Degree
7 314 (1.08%) AWS Certification
8 305 (1.05%) Numerate Degree
9 231 (0.80%) ISTQB
10 214 (0.74%) Cisco Certification
11 191 (0.66%) DV Cleared
12 134 (0.46%) CISSP
13 120 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 108 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
15 104 (0.36%) CCIE
15 104 (0.36%) CCNP
16 94 (0.32%) ISEB
17 79 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
18 76 (0.26%) PMI Certification
19 73 (0.25%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,325 (8.01%) QA
2 900 (3.10%) Data Quality
3 469 (1.62%) Accessibility
4 298 (1.03%) GDPR
5 208 (0.72%) SLA
6 202 (0.70%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 112 (0.39%) Actionable Recommendations
8 100 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 93 (0.32%) Automotive SPICE
10 88 (0.30%) NIST
11 81 (0.28%) MISRA
12 52 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
13 47 (0.16%) SOC 2
14 40 (0.14%) ISO 9001
15 33 (0.11%) AUTOSAR
16 32 (0.11%) PMO
17 30 (0.10%) HIPAA
18 28 (0.096%) ISO 26262
19 26 (0.090%) CDISC
19 26 (0.090%) JTAG
System Software
1 7,079 (24.38%) Docker
2 368 (1.27%) Active Directory
3 346 (1.19%) VMware Infrastructure
4 298 (1.03%) Virtual Machines
5 190 (0.65%) Firmware
6 77 (0.27%) Hyper-V
7 74 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 70 (0.24%) VMware ESXi
9 64 (0.22%) KVM
10 63 (0.22%) Apache Flume
11 58 (0.20%) vSphere
12 57 (0.20%) Embedded Firmware
13 44 (0.15%) VMware NSX
14 41 (0.14%) HDFS
15 40 (0.14%) LXC
15 40 (0.14%) zsh
16 30 (0.10%) Xen
17 28 (0.096%) NFS
18 24 (0.083%) Virtual Servers
19 22 (0.076%) Samba
Systems Management
1 6,987 (24.06%) Kubernetes
2 4,973 (17.13%) Terraform
3 2,925 (10.07%) Ansible
4 1,302 (4.48%) Puppet
5 1,090 (3.75%) Opscode Chef
6 782 (2.69%) Prometheus
7 630 (2.17%) Grafana
8 299 (1.03%) Kibana
9 233 (0.80%) Consul
10 217 (0.75%) Istio
11 214 (0.74%) logstash
12 211 (0.73%) Docker Swarm
13 158 (0.54%) Packer
14 150 (0.52%) Automic
15 146 (0.50%) ZABBIX
16 118 (0.41%) Nagios
17 108 (0.37%) HAProxy
18 99 (0.34%) Rancher
19 90 (0.31%) Argo
20 79 (0.27%) Graphite
Vendors
1 3,423 (11.79%) Google
2 2,456 (8.46%) Microsoft
3 1,189 (4.10%) Oracle
4 938 (3.23%) Databricks
5 684 (2.36%) Splunk
6 478 (1.65%) VMware
7 409 (1.41%) Red Hat
8 374 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
9 302 (1.04%) Cisco
10 297 (1.02%) IBM
11 293 (1.01%) New Relic
12 245 (0.84%) Facebook
13 220 (0.76%) SAP
14 194 (0.67%) Sun
15 193 (0.66%) Twitter
16 189 (0.65%) Bloomberg
17 186 (0.64%) Palantir
18 180 (0.62%) Atlassian
18 180 (0.62%) F5
19 173 (0.60%) Teradata