Period
to 22 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 22 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
22 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 18 25
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,018 16,373 13,956
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.32% 9.69% 7.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.12% 17.36% 14.25%
Number of salaries quoted 12,416 12,887 11,415
UK median annual salary £60,000 £58,750 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.13% +6.82% -
10th Percentile £35,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 75,857 94,330 97,938
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.59% 55.84% 55.55%
Number of salaries quoted 62,123 78,365 80,881
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 22 August 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 22 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 14,980 £62,500 +4.17% 2,534
London +6 8,589 £70,000 +0.72% 1,214
UK excluding London +4 7,214 £50,000 - 1,504
South East +2 2,164 £50,000 - 343
North of England +13 1,593 £50,000 - 298
South West +4 1,186 £50,000 +5.26% 196
East of England 0 803 £55,000 +4.76% 334
North West +5 764 £52,500 +5.00% 172
Yorkshire +10 747 £49,000 -2.00% 101
Scotland +1 643 £45,000 -10.00% 121
Midlands +32 593 £47,500 -5.00% 150
West Midlands +17 389 £50,000 - 102
East Midlands +37 194 £45,000 -2.70% 48
Wales +17 161 £40,000 -11.11% 45
North East +12 82 £45,412 +0.92% 25
Northern Ireland +4 80 £50,000 - 18
Channel Islands +6 1 £75,000 +66.67%

For the 6 months to 22 August 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,698 (35.57%) Agile Software Development
2 5,550 (34.65%) Java
3 5,353 (33.42%) AWS
4 5,333 (33.29%) Linux
5 4,630 (28.90%) DevOps
6 4,258 (26.58%) SQL
7 3,570 (22.29%) Docker
8 3,475 (21.69%) Software Engineering
9 3,252 (20.30%) JavaScript
10 3,215 (20.07%) Finance
11 2,817 (17.59%) Azure
12 2,712 (16.93%) C++
13 2,649 (16.54%) Bash Shell
14 2,643 (16.50%) C#
15 2,463 (15.38%) Degree
16 2,406 (15.02%) Kubernetes
17 2,394 (14.95%) Analytics
18 2,289 (14.29%) Data Science
19 2,283 (14.25%) Ansible
20 2,268 (14.16%) Machine Learning
21 2,200 (13.73%) Git (software)
22 2,027 (12.65%) Jenkins
23 1,932 (12.06%) Big Data
24 1,925 (12.02%) Ruby
25 1,814 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
26 1,811 (11.31%) Computer Science
27 1,787 (11.16%) Test Automation
28 1,786 (11.15%) Terraform
29 1,767 (11.03%) GCP
30 1,731 (10.81%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,434 (8.95%) Apache Spark
2 657 (4.10%) Elasticsearch
3 636 (3.97%) Apache
4 341 (2.13%) Confluence
5 270 (1.69%) SAS
6 254 (1.59%) nginx
7 244 (1.52%) Tomcat
8 190 (1.19%) OpenStack
9 144 (0.90%) Apache Pig
10 129 (0.81%) SharePoint
11 120 (0.75%) IIS
12 117 (0.73%) JBoss
13 98 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
14 88 (0.55%) WebLogic
15 78 (0.49%) Apache Solr
16 75 (0.47%) WebSphere
17 74 (0.46%) Jupyter
18 60 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
19 58 (0.36%) CMS
20 57 (0.36%) WordPress
Applications
1 239 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 98 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
2 98 (0.61%) SPSS
3 46 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 34 (0.21%) Simulink
5 29 (0.18%) Chatbot
5 29 (0.18%) Stata
6 22 (0.14%) Adobe XD
7 18 (0.11%) Photoshop
8 14 (0.087%) GNU Octave
9 13 (0.081%) Mathematica
9 13 (0.081%) Spreadsheet
10 10 (0.062%) Zeplin
11 9 (0.056%) MS Visio
12 7 (0.044%) InVision
13 6 (0.037%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
14 5 (0.031%) InDesign
14 5 (0.031%) Pipeline Pilot
15 4 (0.025%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 49 (0.31%) Payment Gateway
2 24 (0.15%) SAP ERP
3 21 (0.13%) thinkFolio
4 20 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
4 20 (0.12%) Summit
5 15 (0.094%) Dynamics CRM
5 15 (0.094%) Teamcenter
6 13 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
7 12 (0.075%) Magento
8 9 (0.056%) SimCorp Dimension
9 8 (0.050%) R3 Corda
10 7 (0.044%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 7 (0.044%) Oracle ERP
11 6 (0.037%) Eze OMS
12 5 (0.031%) HFM
12 5 (0.031%) LatentZero
12 5 (0.031%) NetSuite
13 4 (0.025%) Bloomberg TOMS
13 4 (0.025%) Exstream
13 4 (0.025%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 5,353 (33.42%) AWS
2 2,817 (17.59%) Azure
3 1,767 (11.03%) GCP
4 854 (5.33%) Serverless
5 624 (3.90%) Power Platform
6 617 (3.85%) AWS Lambda
7 564 (3.52%) AWS CloudFormation
8 557 (3.48%) SaaS
9 534 (3.33%) Amazon S3
10 499 (3.12%) GitHub
11 411 (2.57%) Amazon EC2
12 356 (2.22%) PaaS
13 342 (2.14%) Cloud Computing
14 281 (1.75%) Amazon ECS
15 238 (1.49%) Amazon SQS
16 231 (1.44%) IaaS
17 228 (1.42%) Office 365
18 225 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 210 (1.31%) OpenShift
20 189 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 801 (5.00%) Firewall
2 728 (4.54%) DNS
3 532 (3.32%) VPN
4 481 (3.00%) Network Security
5 477 (2.98%) TCP/IP
6 423 (2.64%) WAN
7 412 (2.57%) SMTP
8 407 (2.54%) BGP
9 401 (2.50%) OSPF
10 397 (2.48%) MPLS
11 394 (2.46%) NetScaler
12 386 (2.41%) Cisco ASA
13 376 (2.35%) Broadband
14 370 (2.31%) IPsec
15 356 (2.22%) Cisco Nexus
16 328 (2.05%) ADSL
16 328 (2.05%) RIP
17 327 (2.04%) Internet
18 282 (1.76%) HTTP
19 175 (1.09%) DHCP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,932 (12.06%) Big Data
2 1,388 (8.67%) Hadoop
3 1,178 (7.35%) SQL Server
4 1,166 (7.28%) MySQL
5 1,145 (7.15%) NoSQL
6 1,118 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
7 811 (5.06%) MongoDB
8 785 (4.90%) Data Warehouse
9 743 (4.64%) Relational Database
10 620 (3.87%) Power BI
11 562 (3.51%) Apache Hive
12 387 (2.42%) Apache Cassandra
13 371 (2.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 349 (2.18%) Data Lake
15 346 (2.16%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 342 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
17 321 (2.00%) SQL Server Reporting Services
18 298 (1.86%) Amazon Redshift
19 291 (1.82%) Redis
20 283 (1.77%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 2,200 (13.73%) Git (software)
2 2,027 (12.65%) Jenkins
3 908 (5.67%) JIRA
4 779 (4.86%) Selenium
5 443 (2.77%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 395 (2.47%) Bitbucket
7 384 (2.40%) Cucumber
8 383 (2.39%) TeamCity
9 299 (1.87%) GitLab
10 298 (1.86%) Maven
11 291 (1.82%) Subversion
12 245 (1.53%) Visual Studio
13 244 (1.52%) WebDriver
14 225 (1.40%) JMeter
15 191 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
16 179 (1.12%) JUnit
16 179 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
17 170 (1.06%) Vagrant
18 169 (1.06%) Appium
19 163 (1.02%) Gradle
General
1 3,215 (20.07%) Finance
2 941 (5.87%) Banking
3 788 (4.92%) Retail
4 650 (4.06%) Marketing
5 512 (3.20%) Front Office
6 460 (2.87%) Public Sector
7 436 (2.72%) Telecoms
8 372 (2.32%) Games
9 306 (1.91%) Electronics
10 297 (1.85%) Law
11 237 (1.48%) Manufacturing
12 185 (1.15%) Advertising
13 125 (0.78%) Investment Banking
14 123 (0.77%) Automotive
15 116 (0.72%) Financial Institution
16 104 (0.65%) Legal
17 99 (0.62%) Aerospace
18 67 (0.42%) Back Office
19 64 (0.40%) Military
19 64 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 4,532 (28.29%) Developer
2 2,036 (12.71%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,602 (10.00%) Python Developer
4 1,590 (9.93%) Software Engineer
5 1,113 (6.95%) Data Engineer
6 941 (5.87%) Python Engineer
7 925 (5.77%) AWS Engineer
8 896 (5.59%) Data Scientist
9 806 (5.03%) Analyst
10 740 (4.62%) Cloud Engineer
11 724 (4.52%) Senior Developer
12 684 (4.27%) Java Developer
13 681 (4.25%) Software Developer
14 595 (3.71%) Architect
15 577 (3.60%) Linux Engineer
16 559 (3.49%) Junior
17 518 (3.23%) AWS DevOps
18 478 (2.98%) Senior DevOps
19 461 (2.88%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 423 (2.64%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,410 (8.80%) Node.js
2 1,273 (7.95%) Web Services
3 1,261 (7.87%) .NET
4 1,184 (7.39%) AngularJS
5 1,173 (7.32%) HTML
6 1,029 (6.42%) React
7 1,007 (6.29%) CSS
8 870 (5.43%) Django
9 823 (5.14%) Kafka
10 728 (4.54%) REST
11 619 (3.86%) RESTful
12 500 (3.12%) Spring
13 483 (3.02%) Elastic Stack
14 441 (2.75%) Flask
15 426 (2.66%) Pandas
16 397 (2.48%) JSON
16 397 (2.48%) XML
17 389 (2.43%) HTML5
18 363 (2.27%) Natural Language Processing
19 347 (2.17%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,542 (9.63%) Analytical Skills
2 1,219 (7.61%) Algorithms
3 650 (4.06%) Greenfield Project
4 594 (3.71%) Management Information System
5 554 (3.46%) Public Cloud
6 451 (2.82%) User Experience
7 446 (2.78%) Fixed Income
8 392 (2.45%) Data Structures
9 383 (2.39%) Derivative
10 372 (2.32%) Hedge funds
11 368 (2.30%) Self-Motivation
12 333 (2.08%) Data Centre
13 313 (1.95%) Mobile App
14 302 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
15 229 (1.43%) Robotics
16 198 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
17 188 (1.17%) Equities
18 183 (1.14%) Hybrid Cloud
19 176 (1.10%) Cloud Native
20 173 (1.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 5,333 (33.29%) Linux
2 1,731 (10.81%) Windows
3 1,582 (9.88%) Unix
4 452 (2.82%) CentOS
5 375 (2.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 349 (2.18%) Android
7 309 (1.93%) Ubuntu
8 298 (1.86%) Windows Server
9 227 (1.42%) Apple iOS
10 171 (1.07%) Debian
11 112 (0.70%) Mac OS
12 68 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
13 65 (0.41%) Windows 10
14 53 (0.33%) Mac OS X
15 44 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
16 41 (0.26%) Solaris
17 40 (0.25%) Fedora
18 37 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
19 33 (0.21%) CoreOS
20 31 (0.19%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,698 (35.57%) Agile Software Development
2 4,630 (28.90%) DevOps
3 3,475 (21.69%) Software Engineering
4 2,394 (14.95%) Analytics
5 2,289 (14.29%) Data Science
6 2,268 (14.16%) Machine Learning
7 1,814 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
8 1,811 (11.31%) Computer Science
9 1,787 (11.16%) Test Automation
10 1,532 (9.56%) Problem-Solving
11 1,401 (8.75%) Artificial Intelligence
12 1,385 (8.65%) Business Intelligence
13 1,368 (8.54%) Scrum
14 1,344 (8.39%) Mathematics
15 1,305 (8.15%) Open Source
16 1,264 (7.89%) Microservices
17 1,251 (7.81%) TDD
18 1,078 (6.73%) Mentoring
19 1,065 (6.65%) Configuration Management
20 1,041 (6.50%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 5,550 (34.65%) Java
2 4,258 (26.58%) SQL
3 3,252 (20.30%) JavaScript
4 2,712 (16.93%) C++
5 2,649 (16.54%) Bash Shell
6 2,643 (16.50%) C#
7 1,925 (12.02%) Ruby
8 1,643 (10.26%) R
9 1,400 (8.74%) Perl
10 1,375 (8.58%) Scala
11 1,328 (8.29%) PowerShell
12 1,305 (8.15%) C
13 1,245 (7.77%) PHP
14 1,127 (7.04%) Go
15 481 (3.00%) Shell Script
16 416 (2.60%) MATLAB
17 254 (1.59%) TypeScript
18 253 (1.58%) Groovy
19 221 (1.38%) T-SQL
20 190 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,463 (15.38%) Degree
2 807 (5.04%) Security Cleared
3 629 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
4 529 (3.30%) PhD
5 515 (3.22%) Cisco Certification
6 417 (2.60%) CCNP
7 400 (2.50%) CCNA
8 388 (2.42%) SC Cleared
9 327 (2.04%) DV Cleared
10 153 (0.96%) Master's Degree
10 153 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
11 131 (0.82%) AWS Certification
12 110 (0.69%) ISTQB
13 107 (0.67%) RHCE
14 105 (0.66%) CISSP
15 77 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
16 76 (0.47%) ISEB
17 48 (0.30%) CISM
18 39 (0.24%) CREST Certified
19 36 (0.22%) CISA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 826 (5.16%) QA
2 407 (2.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 343 (2.14%) ISO 9001
4 159 (0.99%) Data Quality
5 67 (0.42%) GDPR
6 59 (0.37%) SLA
7 45 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 37 (0.23%) PCI DSS
9 26 (0.16%) HMG Infosec
9 26 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 26 (0.16%) JSP 440
10 20 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 20 (0.12%) NIST
11 18 (0.11%) IEC 61131
12 11 (0.069%) CRD IV
13 9 (0.056%) COBIT
13 9 (0.056%) DICOM
14 7 (0.044%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.044%) IEC 61508
14 7 (0.044%) PMO
System Software
1 3,570 (22.29%) Docker
2 402 (2.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 293 (1.83%) Active Directory
4 180 (1.12%) Hyper-V
5 123 (0.77%) HDFS
6 116 (0.72%) Apache Flume
7 114 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 114 (0.71%) vSphere
8 107 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
9 85 (0.53%) Firmware
10 76 (0.47%) KVM
11 74 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
12 71 (0.44%) XenApp
13 67 (0.42%) Xen
14 61 (0.38%) XenDesktop
15 59 (0.37%) VirtualBox
16 49 (0.31%) Microsoft App-V
17 44 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
18 41 (0.26%) NFS
19 38 (0.24%) iptables
Systems Management
1 2,406 (15.02%) Kubernetes
2 2,283 (14.25%) Ansible
3 1,786 (11.15%) Terraform
4 1,560 (9.74%) Puppet
5 1,319 (8.23%) Opscode Chef
6 632 (3.95%) Nagios
7 362 (2.26%) FortiGate
8 293 (1.83%) Prometheus
9 271 (1.69%) Packer
10 235 (1.47%) Grafana
11 208 (1.30%) Salt
12 185 (1.15%) Docker Swarm
13 179 (1.12%) Kibana
14 177 (1.11%) Oozie
15 157 (0.98%) Consul
16 139 (0.87%) Hadoop YARN
17 125 (0.78%) ZABBIX
18 113 (0.71%) Graphite
18 113 (0.71%) logstash
19 108 (0.67%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1,318 (8.23%) Microsoft
2 1,257 (7.85%) Google
3 837 (5.23%) Oracle
4 636 (3.97%) Tableau
5 578 (3.61%) Cisco
6 518 (3.23%) Splunk
7 514 (3.21%) VMware
8 481 (3.00%) Red Hat
9 361 (2.25%) Fortinet
10 307 (1.92%) Palo Alto
11 265 (1.65%) SAP
12 235 (1.47%) Cloudera
13 205 (1.28%) Atlassian
14 201 (1.25%) Informatica
15 192 (1.20%) Databricks
16 191 (1.19%) IBM
17 188 (1.17%) Bloomberg
18 171 (1.07%) Reuters
19 162 (1.01%) Hortonworks
20 115 (0.72%) Talend