Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 19 23
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 15,668 16,299 14,964
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.39% 10.01% 8.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.19% 18.12% 15.05%
Number of salaries quoted 12,305 13,099 12,228
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +9.09% -
10th Percentile £36,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,952 89,966 99,397
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.76% 55.24% 55.36%
Number of salaries quoted 60,929 74,943 81,793
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £83,750 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +2.41%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 14,645 £62,500 +4.17% 2,615
London +2 8,523 £72,500 +3.57% 1,210
UK excluding London +3 6,916 £50,000 - 1,575
South East +3 2,162 £52,500 +5.00% 395
North of England +8 1,404 £52,500 +5.00% 316
South West +3 1,174 £50,000 +2.04% 246
East of England +2 758 £52,500 -4.55% 325
North West +5 695 £52,925 +5.85% 155
Yorkshire +14 634 £50,000 +11.11% 119
Scotland +1 606 £45,000 -10.00% 118
Midlands +13 567 £50,000 +5.26% 124
West Midlands +7 371 £50,000 +5.26% 87
East Midlands +13 187 £47,500 - 36
Wales +14 173 £42,500 -12.37% 36
Northern Ireland +4 85 £43,750 -7.89% 15
North East +4 76 £45,000 - 42
Channel Islands +9 1 £60,000 +14.29% 1

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 5,359 (34.20%) AWS
2 5,320 (33.95%) Agile Software Development
3 5,265 (33.60%) Java
4 4,770 (30.44%) Linux
5 4,329 (27.63%) SQL
6 4,217 (26.91%) DevOps
7 3,542 (22.61%) Finance
8 3,488 (22.26%) Software Engineering
9 3,429 (21.89%) Docker
10 3,221 (20.56%) JavaScript
11 2,702 (17.25%) Azure
12 2,614 (16.68%) C#
13 2,599 (16.59%) C++
14 2,536 (16.19%) Degree
15 2,454 (15.66%) Kubernetes
16 2,375 (15.16%) Bash Shell
17 2,286 (14.59%) Data Science
18 2,281 (14.56%) Analytics
19 2,268 (14.48%) Ansible
20 2,176 (13.89%) Machine Learning
21 2,162 (13.80%) Git (software)
22 2,013 (12.85%) Jenkins
23 1,850 (11.81%) Computer Science
24 1,844 (11.77%) GCP
25 1,825 (11.65%) Terraform
26 1,817 (11.60%) R
27 1,751 (11.18%) Big Data
28 1,706 (10.89%) Test Automation
29 1,698 (10.84%) Ruby
30 1,622 (10.35%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,229 (7.84%) Apache Spark
2 612 (3.91%) Elasticsearch
3 512 (3.27%) Apache
4 370 (2.36%) Confluence
5 275 (1.76%) SAS
6 253 (1.61%) nginx
7 200 (1.28%) Tomcat
8 176 (1.12%) OpenStack
9 148 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
10 128 (0.82%) IIS
11 109 (0.70%) JBoss
12 100 (0.64%) WebSphere
13 97 (0.62%) SharePoint
14 89 (0.57%) CMS
14 89 (0.57%) Jupyter
15 60 (0.38%) Tornado
16 54 (0.34%) ArcGIS
16 54 (0.34%) WordPress
17 53 (0.34%) WebLogic
18 45 (0.29%) Luigi
Applications
1 266 (1.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 124 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 75 (0.48%) SPSS
4 38 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 29 (0.19%) Simulink
6 22 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 21 (0.13%) Stata
8 20 (0.13%) Adobe XD
8 20 (0.13%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.096%) Spreadsheet
10 14 (0.089%) MS Visio
11 12 (0.077%) Mathematica
12 11 (0.070%) GNU Octave
13 8 (0.051%) Zeplin
14 7 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
14 7 (0.045%) Stateflow
15 6 (0.038%) InDesign
15 6 (0.038%) Maya
16 5 (0.032%) 3ds Max
16 5 (0.032%) Weka
Business Applications
1 49 (0.31%) thinkFolio
2 44 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
3 36 (0.23%) PolarLake
4 32 (0.20%) Eagle PACE
4 32 (0.20%) FINCAD Analytics
4 32 (0.20%) Markit EDM
5 29 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
5 29 (0.19%) LatentZero
6 23 (0.15%) SAP ERP
7 19 (0.12%) Teamcenter
8 17 (0.11%) R3 Corda
9 13 (0.083%) Dynamics CRM
10 9 (0.057%) SimCorp Dimension
11 8 (0.051%) Magento
12 7 (0.045%) MetaTrader
12 7 (0.045%) Oracle BPM
12 7 (0.045%) Oracle ERP
12 7 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 5 (0.032%) Odoo
13 5 (0.032%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 5,359 (34.20%) AWS
2 2,702 (17.25%) Azure
3 1,844 (11.77%) GCP
4 807 (5.15%) Serverless
5 597 (3.81%) AWS CloudFormation
6 596 (3.80%) AWS Lambda
7 584 (3.73%) Amazon S3
8 565 (3.61%) SaaS
9 542 (3.46%) Power Platform
10 463 (2.96%) GitHub
11 418 (2.67%) Amazon EC2
12 296 (1.89%) PaaS
13 285 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
14 279 (1.78%) Amazon ECS
14 279 (1.78%) Amazon SQS
15 252 (1.61%) OpenShift
16 208 (1.33%) IaaS
17 163 (1.04%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 150 (0.96%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 149 (0.95%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 601 (3.84%) Firewall
2 588 (3.75%) DNS
3 485 (3.10%) TCP/IP
4 371 (2.37%) VPN
5 308 (1.97%) HTTP
6 299 (1.91%) Internet
7 272 (1.74%) Network Security
8 259 (1.65%) WAN
9 250 (1.60%) BGP
10 238 (1.52%) OSPF
11 223 (1.42%) SMTP
12 220 (1.40%) MPLS
13 218 (1.39%) Cisco ASA
14 201 (1.28%) NetScaler
15 199 (1.27%) IPsec
16 193 (1.23%) Broadband
17 190 (1.21%) Cisco Nexus
18 172 (1.10%) DHCP
19 165 (1.05%) ADSL
19 165 (1.05%) RIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,751 (11.18%) Big Data
2 1,224 (7.81%) PostgreSQL
3 1,141 (7.28%) Hadoop
4 1,102 (7.03%) SQL Server
5 1,017 (6.49%) MySQL
6 983 (6.27%) NoSQL
7 728 (4.65%) Data Warehouse
8 688 (4.39%) Relational Database
9 671 (4.28%) MongoDB
10 533 (3.40%) Power BI
11 449 (2.87%) Apache Hive
12 372 (2.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 361 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
14 342 (2.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 334 (2.13%) Amazon Redshift
16 281 (1.79%) Redis
17 268 (1.71%) Apache Cassandra
18 266 (1.70%) BigQuery
19 265 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
20 245 (1.56%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,162 (13.80%) Git (software)
2 2,013 (12.85%) Jenkins
3 968 (6.18%) JIRA
4 698 (4.45%) Selenium
5 432 (2.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 408 (2.60%) Bitbucket
7 339 (2.16%) TeamCity
8 324 (2.07%) Cucumber
9 288 (1.84%) GitLab
10 281 (1.79%) Subversion
11 267 (1.70%) Maven
12 253 (1.61%) WebDriver
13 219 (1.40%) Visual Studio
14 200 (1.28%) JUnit
15 196 (1.25%) JMeter
16 189 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
17 181 (1.16%) Artifactory
18 168 (1.07%) Team Foundation Server
19 163 (1.04%) RStudio
20 162 (1.03%) Vagrant
General
1 3,542 (22.61%) Finance
2 899 (5.74%) Banking
3 824 (5.26%) Front Office
4 702 (4.48%) Marketing
5 686 (4.38%) Retail
6 472 (3.01%) Telecoms
7 405 (2.58%) Public Sector
8 381 (2.43%) Electronics
9 372 (2.37%) Games
10 305 (1.95%) Manufacturing
11 218 (1.39%) Law
12 192 (1.23%) Advertising
13 182 (1.16%) Automotive
14 129 (0.82%) Investment Banking
15 121 (0.77%) Legal
16 114 (0.73%) Aerospace
17 103 (0.66%) Financial Institution
18 101 (0.64%) Back Office
19 83 (0.53%) Publishing
20 75 (0.48%) Military
Job Titles
1 4,566 (29.14%) Developer
2 1,896 (12.10%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,715 (10.95%) Python Developer
4 1,668 (10.65%) Software Engineer
5 1,072 (6.84%) Data Engineer
6 966 (6.17%) Python Engineer
7 843 (5.38%) Data Scientist
8 840 (5.36%) Senior Developer
9 827 (5.28%) Analyst
10 818 (5.22%) AWS Engineer
11 684 (4.37%) Java Developer
12 663 (4.23%) Software Developer
13 645 (4.12%) Cloud Engineer
14 505 (3.22%) Junior
15 497 (3.17%) Architect
16 457 (2.92%) Consultant
17 436 (2.78%) Senior DevOps
18 431 (2.75%) Linux Engineer
19 392 (2.50%) Senior Software Engineer
20 387 (2.47%) AWS DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,441 (9.20%) Web Services
2 1,335 (8.52%) Node.js
3 1,191 (7.60%) .NET
4 1,133 (7.23%) HTML
5 1,059 (6.76%) AngularJS
6 1,013 (6.47%) CSS
7 1,000 (6.38%) React
8 929 (5.93%) Django
9 734 (4.68%) REST
10 662 (4.23%) Kafka
11 620 (3.96%) RESTful
12 465 (2.97%) Flask
13 443 (2.83%) Pandas
14 433 (2.76%) Spring
15 424 (2.71%) JSON
16 401 (2.56%) TensorFlow
17 388 (2.48%) Elastic Stack
17 388 (2.48%) XML
18 387 (2.47%) J2EE
19 355 (2.27%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 1,438 (9.18%) Analytical Skills
2 1,152 (7.35%) Algorithms
3 745 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
4 684 (4.37%) Fixed Income
5 548 (3.50%) Derivative
6 509 (3.25%) Hedge funds
7 492 (3.14%) Public Cloud
8 447 (2.85%) Equities
9 444 (2.83%) Management Information System
10 429 (2.74%) Data Structures
11 383 (2.44%) User Experience
12 356 (2.27%) Self-Motivation
13 351 (2.24%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 309 (1.97%) Linux Command Line
15 281 (1.79%) Mobile App
16 228 (1.46%) Data Centre
17 220 (1.40%) Cloud Native
18 194 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
19 182 (1.16%) Robotics
20 173 (1.10%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,770 (30.44%) Linux
2 1,622 (10.35%) Windows
3 1,301 (8.30%) Unix
4 418 (2.67%) CentOS
5 330 (2.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 306 (1.95%) Windows Server
7 284 (1.81%) Android
8 258 (1.65%) Ubuntu
9 196 (1.25%) Apple iOS
10 126 (0.80%) Debian
11 81 (0.52%) Mac OS
12 62 (0.40%) Windows 10
13 59 (0.38%) Solaris
14 50 (0.32%) Windows 7
14 50 (0.32%) Windows Server 2012
15 46 (0.29%) Mac OS X
16 44 (0.28%) VMS
17 38 (0.24%) Embedded Linux
17 38 (0.24%) Kali Linux
18 37 (0.24%) OS/400
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,320 (33.95%) Agile Software Development
2 4,217 (26.91%) DevOps
3 3,488 (22.26%) Software Engineering
4 2,286 (14.59%) Data Science
5 2,281 (14.56%) Analytics
6 2,176 (13.89%) Machine Learning
7 1,850 (11.81%) Computer Science
8 1,706 (10.89%) Test Automation
9 1,600 (10.21%) Problem-Solving
10 1,548 (9.88%) Continuous Integration
11 1,449 (9.25%) Microservices
12 1,340 (8.55%) Business Intelligence
13 1,319 (8.42%) Artificial Intelligence
14 1,266 (8.08%) Mathematics
15 1,254 (8.00%) Scrum
16 1,179 (7.52%) Mentoring
17 1,151 (7.35%) Open Source
18 1,145 (7.31%) TDD
19 1,107 (7.07%) Fintech
20 1,061 (6.77%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 5,265 (33.60%) Java
2 4,329 (27.63%) SQL
3 3,221 (20.56%) JavaScript
4 2,614 (16.68%) C#
5 2,599 (16.59%) C++
6 2,375 (15.16%) Bash Shell
7 1,817 (11.60%) R
8 1,698 (10.84%) Ruby
9 1,325 (8.46%) C
10 1,230 (7.85%) PowerShell
11 1,179 (7.52%) Go
12 1,143 (7.30%) Scala
13 1,128 (7.20%) Perl
14 1,121 (7.15%) PHP
15 533 (3.40%) Shell Script
16 407 (2.60%) MATLAB
17 364 (2.32%) TypeScript
18 216 (1.38%) Kotlin
19 204 (1.30%) Groovy
20 202 (1.29%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2,536 (16.19%) Degree
2 682 (4.35%) Computer Science Degree
3 632 (4.03%) Security Cleared
4 485 (3.10%) PhD
5 340 (2.17%) Cisco Certification
6 295 (1.88%) SC Cleared
7 261 (1.67%) CCNP
8 251 (1.60%) CCNA
9 245 (1.56%) DV Cleared
10 148 (0.94%) Master's Degree
11 125 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
12 101 (0.64%) AWS Certification
13 81 (0.52%) CISSP
14 79 (0.50%) ISTQB
15 76 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
16 56 (0.36%) CCIE
17 53 (0.34%) ISEB
18 51 (0.33%) CISM
19 50 (0.32%) Postgraduate
20 44 (0.28%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 849 (5.42%) QA
2 246 (1.57%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 208 (1.33%) Data Quality
4 189 (1.21%) ISO 9001
5 57 (0.36%) GDPR
6 56 (0.36%) SLA
7 30 (0.19%) PCI DSS
8 25 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 22 (0.14%) MiFID
10 21 (0.13%) EMIR
11 18 (0.11%) IEC 61131
12 17 (0.11%) Actionable Recommendations
13 16 (0.10%) HMG Infosec
13 16 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 16 (0.10%) JSP 440
14 15 (0.096%) Dodd-Frank
14 15 (0.096%) IFRS
14 15 (0.096%) IFRS 9
15 14 (0.089%) NIST
16 12 (0.077%) IEC 61508
System Software
1 3,429 (21.89%) Docker
2 338 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 292 (1.86%) Active Directory
4 147 (0.94%) HDFS
5 129 (0.82%) Hyper-V
6 119 (0.76%) Firmware
7 81 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
8 79 (0.50%) Apache Flume
9 70 (0.45%) vSphere
10 65 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
11 63 (0.40%) Xen
12 60 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 55 (0.35%) KVM
14 54 (0.34%) VirtualBox
15 46 (0.29%) XenApp
16 44 (0.28%) NFS
17 33 (0.21%) XenDesktop
18 27 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
18 27 (0.17%) Varnish
19 25 (0.16%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 2,454 (15.66%) Kubernetes
2 2,268 (14.48%) Ansible
3 1,825 (11.65%) Terraform
4 1,572 (10.03%) Puppet
5 1,223 (7.81%) Opscode Chef
6 426 (2.72%) Nagios
7 268 (1.71%) Prometheus
8 254 (1.62%) Packer
9 242 (1.54%) Grafana
10 196 (1.25%) FortiGate
11 189 (1.21%) Salt
12 168 (1.07%) Docker Swarm
13 158 (1.01%) Kibana
14 141 (0.90%) Oozie
15 136 (0.87%) Consul
16 122 (0.78%) ZABBIX
17 109 (0.70%) Graphite
18 103 (0.66%) Rancher
19 95 (0.61%) Hadoop YARN
20 92 (0.59%) logstash
Vendors
1 1,310 (8.36%) Google
2 1,126 (7.19%) Microsoft
3 761 (4.86%) Oracle
4 612 (3.91%) Tableau
5 494 (3.15%) Splunk
6 436 (2.78%) VMware
7 409 (2.61%) Red Hat
8 393 (2.51%) Cisco
9 287 (1.83%) SAP
10 236 (1.51%) Palo Alto
11 201 (1.28%) Atlassian
12 199 (1.27%) Fortinet
12 199 (1.27%) IBM
13 196 (1.25%) Bloomberg
14 187 (1.19%) Informatica
15 145 (0.93%) Cloudera
16 127 (0.81%) Talend
17 125 (0.80%) Reuters
18 121 (0.77%) Hortonworks
19 114 (0.73%) Databricks