Period
to 23 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 16 21 28
Rank change year-on-year +5 +7 +9
Permanent jobs citing Python 16,425 15,962 12,364
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.99% 9.02% 7.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 20.06% 16.10% 13.27%
Number of salaries quoted 13,391 13,098 10,527
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £33,750 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 81,892 99,155 93,142
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.78% 56.01% 54.13%
Number of salaries quoted 67,591 83,606 79,586
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £78,750 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 15,375 £60,000 +4.35% 1,476
London +7 9,173 £70,000 +7.69% 791
UK excluding London +4 6,968 £50,000 - 779
South East +1 2,249 £50,000 - 214
North of England +14 1,335 £52,500 +5.00% 121
South West +10 1,136 £47,500 -5.00% 104
East of England -3 877 £52,500 - 201
North West +12 740 £55,000 +11.68% 68
Midlands +14 582 £45,000 - 46
Scotland -5 582 £45,000 -10.00% 70
Yorkshire +16 497 £50,000 - 41
West Midlands +29 371 £47,500 +5.56% 30
East Midlands +1 210 £40,000 -15.79% 16
Wales +23 132 £45,000 +5.88% 15
Northern Ireland -2 108 £50,000 +25.00% 9
North East +48 100 £45,000 +22.45% 12
Channel Islands +1 2 £75,000 +15.38%

For the 6 months to 23 March 2019, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 6,420 (39.09%) Java
2 5,772 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
3 5,604 (34.12%) Linux
4 5,053 (30.76%) Amazon AWS
5 4,723 (28.75%) SQL
6 4,541 (27.65%) DevOps
7 3,669 (22.34%) Software Engineering
8 3,562 (21.69%) JavaScript
9 3,442 (20.96%) Finance
10 3,347 (20.38%) C++
11 3,199 (19.48%) Docker
12 2,965 (18.05%) C#
13 2,774 (16.89%) Degree
14 2,681 (16.32%) Machine Learning
15 2,585 (15.74%) Analytics
16 2,527 (15.39%) Microsoft Azure
17 2,513 (15.30%) Ansible
18 2,451 (14.92%) Bash Shell
19 2,313 (14.08%) Git (software)
20 2,270 (13.82%) Jenkins
21 2,238 (13.63%) Computer Science
22 2,186 (13.31%) Big Data
23 2,142 (13.04%) Data Science
23 2,142 (13.04%) Ruby
24 2,007 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
25 1,931 (11.76%) Kubernetes
26 1,911 (11.63%) Test Automation
27 1,816 (11.06%) Windows
28 1,685 (10.26%) Artificial Intelligence
29 1,672 (10.18%) Puppet

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,517 (9.24%) Apache Spark
2 937 (5.70%) Apache
3 792 (4.82%) Elasticsearch
4 386 (2.35%) Confluence
5 348 (2.12%) SAS
6 325 (1.98%) Tomcat
7 320 (1.95%) nginx
8 245 (1.49%) Apache Pig
9 172 (1.05%) OpenStack
10 114 (0.69%) Apache Solr
11 108 (0.66%) IIS
12 106 (0.65%) WebLogic
13 83 (0.51%) SharePoint
14 82 (0.50%) JBoss
15 75 (0.46%) WebSphere
16 71 (0.43%) MS Exchange
17 63 (0.38%) Jupyter
18 55 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
19 53 (0.32%) Apache Airflow
20 49 (0.30%) Ethereum
Applications
1 258 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 167 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 88 (0.54%) SPSS
4 83 (0.51%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 44 (0.27%) Chatbot
6 40 (0.24%) MS Visio
7 21 (0.13%) Stata
8 20 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 14 (0.085%) Simulink
10 13 (0.079%) Fireworks
10 13 (0.079%) Snapchat
10 13 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
11 12 (0.073%) GNU Octave
12 10 (0.061%) InVision
13 6 (0.037%) Weka
14 4 (0.024%) EngageOne
14 4 (0.024%) NASTRAN
14 4 (0.024%) S-PLUS
15 3 (0.018%) HipChat
15 3 (0.018%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 69 (0.42%) thinkFolio
2 44 (0.27%) Distributed Ledger
3 27 (0.16%) Magento
4 24 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
4 24 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 20 (0.12%) Summit
6 17 (0.10%) Odoo
7 16 (0.097%) Actimize
8 15 (0.091%) SAP Business One
9 13 (0.079%) Eze OMS
9 13 (0.079%) R3 Corda
10 10 (0.061%) SAP ERP
11 9 (0.055%) Oracle Applications
11 9 (0.055%) SAP BPC
12 8 (0.049%) Eagle PACE
12 8 (0.049%) Front Arena
12 8 (0.049%) Markit EDM
13 7 (0.043%) Oracle Receivables
13 7 (0.043%) WebTrends
14 6 (0.037%) SAP CO
Cloud Services
1 5,053 (30.76%) Amazon AWS
2 2,527 (15.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,569 (9.55%) Google Cloud Platform
4 610 (3.71%) Serverless
5 544 (3.31%) SaaS
6 492 (3.00%) GitHub
7 481 (2.93%) AWS CloudFormation
8 457 (2.78%) AWS Lambda
9 419 (2.55%) Amazon S3
10 414 (2.52%) Cloud Computing
11 403 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
12 340 (2.07%) PaaS
13 249 (1.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 243 (1.48%) IaaS
15 212 (1.29%) Office 365
16 209 (1.27%) Amazon SQS
17 160 (0.97%) Amazon EMR
18 147 (0.89%) Amazon Kinesis
19 129 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 125 (0.76%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 623 (3.79%) Firewall
2 482 (2.93%) TCP/IP
3 407 (2.48%) DNS
4 331 (2.02%) Internet
5 283 (1.72%) HTTP
6 208 (1.27%) Network Security
6 208 (1.27%) VPN
7 198 (1.21%) Wireless
8 193 (1.18%) WAN
9 155 (0.94%) DHCP
10 143 (0.87%) LAN
11 122 (0.74%) BGP
12 100 (0.61%) MPLS
12 100 (0.61%) OSPF
13 94 (0.57%) Wi-Fi
14 90 (0.55%) Wireshark
15 89 (0.54%) SSL
16 81 (0.49%) Cisco ASA
17 80 (0.49%) SAN
17 80 (0.49%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,186 (13.31%) Big Data
2 1,645 (10.02%) NoSQL
3 1,599 (9.74%) Hadoop
4 1,309 (7.97%) MySQL
5 1,243 (7.57%) PostgreSQL
6 1,091 (6.64%) SQL Server
7 952 (5.80%) MongoDB
8 906 (5.52%) Relational Database
9 679 (4.13%) Apache Hive
10 667 (4.06%) Apache Cassandra
11 659 (4.01%) Data Warehouse
12 490 (2.98%) Power BI
13 446 (2.72%) Amazon Redshift
14 395 (2.40%) Redis
15 376 (2.29%) HBase
16 313 (1.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 309 (1.88%) Data Mining
18 264 (1.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 258 (1.57%) Amazon RDS
19 258 (1.57%) Impala
Development Applications
1 2,313 (14.08%) Git (software)
2 2,270 (13.82%) Jenkins
3 993 (6.05%) JIRA
4 781 (4.75%) Selenium
5 554 (3.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 517 (3.15%) Maven
7 486 (2.96%) TeamCity
8 393 (2.39%) Subversion
9 351 (2.14%) Cucumber
10 324 (1.97%) GitLab
11 272 (1.66%) Bitbucket
12 270 (1.64%) Vagrant
13 247 (1.50%) Octopus Deploy
14 234 (1.42%) Visual Studio
15 223 (1.36%) Team Foundation Server
16 218 (1.33%) Gradle
17 213 (1.30%) JUnit
18 193 (1.18%) WebDriver
19 181 (1.10%) webpack
20 176 (1.07%) Eclipse
General
1 3,442 (20.96%) Finance
2 1,067 (6.50%) Banking
3 712 (4.33%) Retail
4 631 (3.84%) Marketing
5 510 (3.11%) Telecoms
6 446 (2.72%) Front Office
7 424 (2.58%) Games
8 351 (2.14%) Law
9 294 (1.79%) Electronics
10 276 (1.68%) Military
11 265 (1.61%) Manufacturing
12 257 (1.56%) Investment Banking
13 157 (0.96%) Advertising
14 142 (0.86%) Financial Institution
15 136 (0.83%) Legal
16 124 (0.75%) Publishing
17 108 (0.66%) Aerospace
17 108 (0.66%) Pharmaceutical
18 89 (0.54%) Automotive
19 77 (0.47%) German Language
Job Titles
1 4,907 (29.88%) Developer
2 1,945 (11.84%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,717 (10.45%) Software Engineer
4 1,706 (10.39%) Python Developer
5 1,066 (6.49%) Data Engineer
6 1,000 (6.09%) Python Engineer
7 912 (5.55%) Data Scientist
8 899 (5.47%) Analyst
9 799 (4.86%) Software Developer
10 788 (4.80%) Senior Developer
11 755 (4.60%) Java Developer
12 687 (4.18%) AWS Engineer
13 684 (4.16%) Junior
14 679 (4.13%) Architect
15 619 (3.77%) Linux Engineer
16 542 (3.30%) Cloud Engineer
17 505 (3.07%) Graduate
18 471 (2.87%) AWS DevOps
19 466 (2.84%) Test Engineer
20 398 (2.42%) Senior DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,659 (10.10%) HTML
2 1,453 (8.85%) AngularJS
3 1,402 (8.54%) Node.js
4 1,339 (8.15%) CSS
5 1,256 (7.65%) Web Services
6 1,251 (7.62%) .NET
7 1,113 (6.78%) React
8 1,053 (6.41%) Django
9 1,021 (6.22%) Kafka
10 771 (4.69%) REST
11 715 (4.35%) RESTful
12 612 (3.73%) Spring
13 555 (3.38%) HTML5
14 519 (3.16%) Elastic Stack
15 491 (2.99%) Natural Language Processing
16 457 (2.78%) Vue.js
17 439 (2.67%) XML
18 425 (2.59%) JSON
19 380 (2.31%) Flask
20 377 (2.30%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 1,419 (8.64%) Analytical Skills
2 1,339 (8.15%) Algorithms
3 1,118 (6.81%) Fintech
4 623 (3.79%) Greenfield Project
5 548 (3.34%) User Experience
6 531 (3.23%) Hedge funds
7 519 (3.16%) Data Structures
8 486 (2.96%) Self-Motivation
9 446 (2.72%) Public Cloud
10 376 (2.29%) Data Centre
11 352 (2.14%) Linux Command Line
12 350 (2.13%) Derivative
13 323 (1.97%) Mobile App
14 311 (1.89%) Fixed Income
15 302 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
16 271 (1.65%) Equities
17 232 (1.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 221 (1.35%) Management Information System
19 218 (1.33%) Robotics
20 176 (1.07%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 5,604 (34.12%) Linux
2 1,816 (11.06%) Windows
3 1,409 (8.58%) Unix
4 566 (3.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 526 (3.20%) CentOS
6 414 (2.52%) Ubuntu
7 407 (2.48%) Android
8 295 (1.80%) Windows Server
9 290 (1.77%) Apple iOS
10 169 (1.03%) Debian
11 81 (0.49%) Mac OS X
12 73 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
13 71 (0.43%) Windows Server 2008
14 70 (0.43%) Mac OS
15 69 (0.42%) Solaris
16 66 (0.40%) AIX
16 66 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
17 55 (0.33%) Fedora
18 46 (0.28%) CoreOS
19 35 (0.21%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,772 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
2 4,541 (27.65%) DevOps
3 3,669 (22.34%) Software Engineering
4 2,681 (16.32%) Machine Learning
5 2,585 (15.74%) Analytics
6 2,238 (13.63%) Computer Science
7 2,142 (13.04%) Data Science
8 2,007 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
9 1,911 (11.63%) Test Automation
10 1,685 (10.26%) Artificial Intelligence
11 1,583 (9.64%) Mathematics
12 1,491 (9.08%) Open Source
13 1,482 (9.02%) Problem-Solving
14 1,386 (8.44%) Scrum
15 1,382 (8.41%) TDD
16 1,287 (7.84%) Microservices
17 1,199 (7.30%) Configuration Management
18 1,191 (7.25%) Business Intelligence
19 1,109 (6.75%) OO
20 1,030 (6.27%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 6,420 (39.09%) Java
2 4,723 (28.75%) SQL
3 3,562 (21.69%) JavaScript
4 3,347 (20.38%) C++
5 2,965 (18.05%) C#
6 2,451 (14.92%) Bash Shell
7 2,142 (13.04%) Ruby
8 1,570 (9.56%) Perl
9 1,518 (9.24%) R
10 1,486 (9.05%) C
11 1,476 (8.99%) Scala
12 1,354 (8.24%) PHP
13 1,260 (7.67%) Go
14 1,148 (6.99%) PowerShell
15 578 (3.52%) Shell Script
16 476 (2.90%) MATLAB
17 276 (1.68%) TypeScript
18 238 (1.45%) ES6
19 227 (1.38%) Groovy
20 207 (1.26%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,774 (16.89%) Degree
2 861 (5.24%) Computer Science Degree
3 769 (4.68%) Security Cleared
4 718 (4.37%) PhD
5 449 (2.73%) SC Cleared
6 309 (1.88%) DV Cleared
7 222 (1.35%) Numerate Degree
8 203 (1.24%) AWS Certification
9 196 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
10 188 (1.14%) Master's Degree
11 144 (0.88%) ISTQB
12 133 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
13 120 (0.73%) CCNP
14 101 (0.61%) ISEB
15 95 (0.58%) CCNA
15 95 (0.58%) CISSP
16 90 (0.55%) RHCE
17 69 (0.42%) MCSA
18 55 (0.33%) MPhil
19 53 (0.32%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 842 (5.13%) QA
2 243 (1.48%) Data Quality
3 121 (0.74%) GDPR
4 71 (0.43%) SLA
5 64 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 53 (0.32%) PCI DSS
7 39 (0.24%) ISO 9001
8 24 (0.15%) MiFID
9 15 (0.091%) Actionable Recommendations
10 14 (0.085%) JTAG
11 10 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 7 (0.043%) SEPA
13 6 (0.037%) Disclosure Scotland
13 6 (0.037%) IEC 62304
13 6 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.037%) Solvency II
14 5 (0.030%) CRD IV
14 5 (0.030%) HIPAA
14 5 (0.030%) HMG Infosec
14 5 (0.030%) JSP 440
System Software
1 3,199 (19.48%) Docker
2 516 (3.14%) VMware Infrastructure
3 308 (1.88%) Active Directory
4 192 (1.17%) Hyper-V
5 176 (1.07%) Apache Flume
6 149 (0.91%) vSphere
7 148 (0.90%) HDFS
8 147 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
9 115 (0.70%) VirtualBox
10 105 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 89 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
12 86 (0.52%) Firmware
13 70 (0.43%) KVM
14 63 (0.38%) Xen
15 59 (0.36%) NFS
16 52 (0.32%) VMware NSX
17 46 (0.28%) iptables
18 34 (0.21%) Samba
18 34 (0.21%) Varnish
19 27 (0.16%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 2,513 (15.30%) Ansible
2 1,931 (11.76%) Kubernetes
3 1,672 (10.18%) Puppet
4 1,350 (8.22%) Terraform
5 1,165 (7.09%) Opscode Chef
6 377 (2.30%) Salt
7 259 (1.58%) Nagios
8 251 (1.53%) Prometheus
9 250 (1.52%) Packer
10 241 (1.47%) Oozie
11 194 (1.18%) Docker Swarm
12 182 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
12 182 (1.11%) Kibana
13 170 (1.04%) Grafana
14 168 (1.02%) Consul
15 149 (0.91%) Graphite
16 116 (0.71%) logstash
17 103 (0.63%) Mesos
18 100 (0.61%) ZABBIX
19 87 (0.53%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 1,263 (7.69%) Google
2 1,201 (7.31%) Microsoft
3 1,034 (6.30%) Oracle
4 721 (4.39%) Tableau
5 675 (4.11%) VMware
6 640 (3.90%) Red Hat
7 389 (2.37%) Splunk
8 347 (2.11%) Cloudera
9 321 (1.95%) Cisco
10 318 (1.94%) SAP
11 237 (1.44%) Atlassian
12 234 (1.42%) Hortonworks
13 170 (1.04%) IBM
14 145 (0.88%) Databricks
15 144 (0.88%) Informatica
16 136 (0.83%) Bloomberg
16 136 (0.83%) New Relic
17 133 (0.81%) Reuters
18 119 (0.72%) MapR
19 112 (0.68%) Palo Alto