Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 13 16
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 11,751 13,184 16,513
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.11% 11.65% 11.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.58% 21.37% 20.31%
Number of salaries quoted 9,086 10,744 13,429
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,960 £33,750
25th Percentile £48,750 £45,743 £43,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +4.35%
75th Percentile £85,000 £83,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £105,000 £96,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,937 61,687 81,302
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.17% 54.53% 54.57%
Number of salaries quoted 37,268 51,366 67,409
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £46,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +2.27%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 10,738 £65,000 - 2,197
London +4 6,264 £75,000 - 1,076
UK excluding London +6 4,936 £55,000 +10.00% 1,257
Work from Home +1 1,957 £67,500 +5.88% 466
North of England +9 1,243 £57,500 +9.52% 294
South East -1 1,122 £55,000 +4.76% 260
South West +5 834 £52,500 +5.00% 186
Midlands +12 706 £50,000 - 162
Yorkshire +13 630 £57,500 +9.52% 93
North West +7 558 £57,500 +9.52% 174
Scotland +2 485 £54,036 +13.76% 97
West Midlands +11 472 £57,500 +15.00% 108
East of England +7 397 £55,000 - 207
East Midlands +19 228 £50,000 - 54
Wales +10 105 £47,500 +11.76% 35
Northern Ireland -4 55 £47,500 +35.71% 16
North East -14 55 £47,500 +2.70% 27
Isle of Man - 14 £37,500 - 1

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 4,473 (38.06%) AWS
2 4,091 (34.81%) Agile Software Development
3 3,782 (32.18%) Java
4 3,602 (30.65%) SQL
5 3,375 (28.72%) DevOps
6 3,117 (26.53%) Docker
7 3,057 (26.01%) JavaScript
8 2,891 (24.60%) Software Engineering
9 2,624 (22.33%) Azure
10 2,600 (22.13%) Kubernetes
11 2,579 (21.95%) Linux
12 2,493 (21.22%) Finance
13 1,985 (16.89%) C#
14 1,927 (16.40%) GCP
15 1,870 (15.91%) Terraform
16 1,845 (15.70%) Analytics
17 1,623 (13.81%) Degree
18 1,562 (13.29%) Data Science
19 1,539 (13.10%) Machine Learning
20 1,509 (12.84%) Ansible
21 1,497 (12.74%) Git (software)
22 1,473 (12.54%) Jenkins
23 1,423 (12.11%) Go
24 1,392 (11.85%) C++
25 1,335 (11.36%) Bash Shell
26 1,305 (11.11%) Computer Science
27 1,292 (10.99%) Microservices
28 1,288 (10.96%) React
29 1,214 (10.33%) Node.js
30 1,164 (9.91%) Problem-Solving

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 738 (6.28%) Apache Spark
2 425 (3.62%) Apache
3 381 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
4 345 (2.94%) Confluence
5 256 (2.18%) Apache Airflow
6 156 (1.33%) SAS
7 139 (1.18%) nginx
8 62 (0.53%) Luigi
8 62 (0.53%) OpenStack
9 53 (0.45%) IIS
10 47 (0.40%) Jupyter
11 40 (0.34%) JBoss
12 39 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
13 37 (0.31%) CMS
14 36 (0.31%) Tomcat
15 35 (0.30%) SharePoint
16 34 (0.29%) WordPress
17 33 (0.28%) WebSphere
18 32 (0.27%) Apache Pig
19 31 (0.26%) Drupal
Applications
1 223 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (0.35%) Simulink
4 32 (0.27%) MS Visio
5 28 (0.24%) Stateflow
6 23 (0.20%) SPSS
7 16 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 16 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
8 14 (0.12%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.094%) Sketch
10 10 (0.085%) Adobe Illustrator
11 9 (0.077%) Maya
12 7 (0.060%) Gephi
13 6 (0.051%) OrCAD
14 5 (0.043%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 5 (0.043%) Fireworks
14 5 (0.043%) Stata
15 4 (0.034%) Chatbot
16 3 (0.026%) Zemax
17 2 (0.017%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 25 (0.21%) Magento
2 19 (0.16%) R3 Corda
3 18 (0.15%) Sentinel
4 13 (0.11%) NetSuite
5 12 (0.10%) Shopify
6 11 (0.094%) FINCAD Analytics
7 10 (0.085%) Eagle PACE
7 10 (0.085%) Markit EDM
8 8 (0.068%) Dynamics AX
9 7 (0.060%) Payment Gateway
9 7 (0.060%) Remedy ITSM
10 6 (0.051%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
11 5 (0.043%) JDE OneWorld
12 4 (0.034%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 4 (0.034%) Oracle EBS
12 4 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
13 3 (0.026%) Distributed Ledger
13 3 (0.026%) Dynamics CRM
13 3 (0.026%) Endur
13 3 (0.026%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 4,473 (38.06%) AWS
2 2,624 (22.33%) Azure
3 1,927 (16.40%) GCP
4 1,069 (9.10%) Serverless
5 663 (5.64%) AWS Lambda
6 623 (5.30%) Power Platform
7 590 (5.02%) SaaS
8 563 (4.79%) AWS CloudFormation
9 467 (3.97%) GitHub
10 380 (3.23%) Amazon EC2
11 371 (3.16%) Amazon S3
12 369 (3.14%) PaaS
13 299 (2.54%) Amazon ECS
14 268 (2.28%) IaaS
15 251 (2.14%) Amazon EKS
16 235 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
17 190 (1.62%) Azure Data Factory
18 166 (1.41%) Amazon Kinesis
19 164 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 124 (1.06%) Pulumi
Communications & Networking
1 371 (3.16%) Firewall
2 288 (2.45%) TCP/IP
3 249 (2.12%) HTTP
4 213 (1.81%) Internet
5 212 (1.80%) DNS
6 140 (1.19%) VPN
7 115 (0.98%) Wireless
8 110 (0.94%) OSPF
9 98 (0.83%) Wireshark
10 93 (0.79%) Ethernet
11 90 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
12 83 (0.71%) VLAN
13 82 (0.70%) BGP
14 79 (0.67%) WAN
15 78 (0.66%) Network Security
16 74 (0.63%) DHCP
17 69 (0.59%) IPv4
18 63 (0.54%) MPLS
19 60 (0.51%) HTTPS
20 58 (0.49%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,016 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
2 995 (8.47%) Big Data
3 870 (7.40%) NoSQL
4 780 (6.64%) SQL Server
5 735 (6.25%) Data Warehouse
6 714 (6.08%) MySQL
7 650 (5.53%) Relational Database
8 629 (5.35%) MongoDB
9 607 (5.17%) Power BI
10 544 (4.63%) Hadoop
11 460 (3.91%) Tableau
12 355 (3.02%) Redis
13 325 (2.77%) Data Lake
14 313 (2.66%) Amazon Redshift
14 313 (2.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 282 (2.40%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 238 (2.03%) Amazon RDS
17 236 (2.01%) BigQuery
18 211 (1.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 191 (1.63%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,497 (12.74%) Git (software)
2 1,473 (12.54%) Jenkins
3 717 (6.10%) JIRA
4 574 (4.88%) GitLab
5 335 (2.85%) Selenium
6 218 (1.86%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 205 (1.74%) Subversion
8 202 (1.72%) Cucumber
9 187 (1.59%) Bitbucket
10 181 (1.54%) TeamCity
11 145 (1.23%) Artifactory
12 140 (1.19%) CircleCI
13 137 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
14 123 (1.05%) Maven
15 108 (0.92%) JMeter
16 95 (0.81%) Vagrant
17 91 (0.77%) Team Foundation Server
18 88 (0.75%) Cypress.io
18 88 (0.75%) Travis CI
19 86 (0.73%) WebDriver
General
1 2,493 (21.22%) Finance
2 620 (5.28%) Banking
3 466 (3.97%) Front Office
4 463 (3.94%) Games
5 459 (3.91%) Public Sector
6 454 (3.86%) Marketing
7 335 (2.85%) Retail
8 304 (2.59%) Telecoms
9 262 (2.23%) Electronics
10 240 (2.04%) Law
11 225 (1.91%) Manufacturing
12 160 (1.36%) Legal
13 137 (1.17%) Advertising
14 126 (1.07%) Investment Banking
15 103 (0.88%) Multimedia
16 101 (0.86%) Back Office
17 80 (0.68%) Financial Institution
18 62 (0.53%) Automotive
19 56 (0.48%) Publishing
20 52 (0.44%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 3,358 (28.58%) Developer
2 1,477 (12.57%) Software Engineer
3 1,341 (11.41%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,228 (10.45%) Python Developer
5 1,026 (8.73%) Data Engineer
6 822 (7.00%) Python Engineer
7 676 (5.75%) AWS Engineer
8 590 (5.02%) Senior Developer
9 585 (4.98%) Analyst
10 449 (3.82%) Software Developer
11 441 (3.75%) Data Scientist
12 402 (3.42%) Cloud Engineer
13 378 (3.22%) Java Developer
14 376 (3.20%) Architect
15 333 (2.83%) AWS DevOps
16 331 (2.82%) Senior Software Engineer
17 324 (2.76%) Developer/Software Engineer
18 321 (2.73%) Full Stack Developer
19 308 (2.62%) Senior DevOps
20 301 (2.56%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,288 (10.96%) React
2 1,214 (10.33%) Node.js
3 967 (8.23%) .NET
4 946 (8.05%) HTML
5 901 (7.67%) Web Services
6 900 (7.66%) Kafka
7 867 (7.38%) AngularJS
8 822 (7.00%) CSS
9 816 (6.94%) Django
10 653 (5.56%) REST
11 509 (4.33%) Flask
12 497 (4.23%) Vue.js
13 444 (3.78%) HTML5
14 438 (3.73%) RESTful
15 354 (3.01%) GraphQL
16 292 (2.48%) Spring
17 277 (2.36%) CSS3
18 266 (2.26%) .NET Core
19 238 (2.03%) Pandas
20 236 (2.01%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 810 (6.89%) Analytical Skills
2 619 (5.27%) Algorithms
3 453 (3.85%) Data Structures
4 435 (3.70%) Greenfield Project
5 434 (3.69%) Hedge funds
6 340 (2.89%) Derivative
7 339 (2.88%) Equities
8 304 (2.59%) Public Cloud
9 286 (2.43%) Cloud Native
10 262 (2.23%) Mobile App
11 238 (2.03%) Fixed Income
12 236 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
13 227 (1.93%) Data Centre
14 224 (1.91%) User Experience
15 217 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
16 204 (1.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 170 (1.45%) Management Information System
18 153 (1.30%) Blog
19 105 (0.89%) Enterprise Software
20 102 (0.87%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,579 (21.95%) Linux
2 826 (7.03%) Windows
3 636 (5.41%) Unix
4 257 (2.19%) CentOS
5 234 (1.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 202 (1.72%) Android
7 193 (1.64%) Windows Server
8 161 (1.37%) Ubuntu
9 139 (1.18%) Apple iOS
10 63 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
11 54 (0.46%) Debian
12 32 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
13 29 (0.25%) Windows 10
14 21 (0.18%) Mac OS
15 20 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
16 19 (0.16%) Solaris
17 17 (0.14%) Robot Operating System
18 16 (0.14%) Fedora
18 16 (0.14%) Windows 7
19 14 (0.12%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,091 (34.81%) Agile Software Development
2 3,375 (28.72%) DevOps
3 2,891 (24.60%) Software Engineering
4 1,845 (15.70%) Analytics
5 1,562 (13.29%) Data Science
6 1,539 (13.10%) Machine Learning
7 1,305 (11.11%) Computer Science
8 1,292 (10.99%) Microservices
9 1,164 (9.91%) Problem-Solving
10 1,073 (9.13%) Test Automation
11 1,071 (9.11%) Business Intelligence
12 1,065 (9.06%) TDD
13 1,013 (8.62%) Artificial Intelligence
14 997 (8.48%) Continuous Integration
15 968 (8.24%) Infrastructure as Code
16 904 (7.69%) Fintech
17 891 (7.58%) Mentoring
18 877 (7.46%) Scrum
19 871 (7.41%) ETL
20 816 (6.94%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,782 (32.18%) Java
2 3,602 (30.65%) SQL
3 3,057 (26.01%) JavaScript
4 1,985 (16.89%) C#
5 1,423 (12.11%) Go
6 1,392 (11.85%) C++
7 1,335 (11.36%) Bash Shell
8 922 (7.85%) Ruby
9 852 (7.25%) PowerShell
10 782 (6.65%) R
11 697 (5.93%) Scala
12 690 (5.87%) PHP
13 681 (5.80%) TypeScript
14 653 (5.56%) C
15 504 (4.29%) Perl
16 290 (2.47%) Shell Script
17 284 (2.42%) Kotlin
18 210 (1.79%) Java 8
19 201 (1.71%) Groovy
20 174 (1.48%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,623 (13.81%) Degree
2 582 (4.95%) Security Cleared
3 529 (4.50%) Computer Science Degree
4 423 (3.60%) SC Cleared
5 332 (2.83%) PhD
6 157 (1.34%) Master's Degree
7 155 (1.32%) Numerate Degree
8 151 (1.28%) AWS Certification
9 129 (1.10%) DV Cleared
10 122 (1.04%) OCP
10 122 (1.04%) Oracle Certification
11 111 (0.94%) CIW
11 111 (0.94%) OCA
12 81 (0.69%) Cisco Certification
13 54 (0.46%) RHCE
14 53 (0.45%) ISTQB
15 50 (0.43%) CCNP
16 45 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
17 44 (0.37%) GIAC
18 39 (0.33%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 533 (4.54%) QA
2 166 (1.41%) Data Quality
3 81 (0.69%) GDPR
4 66 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 47 (0.40%) SLA
6 28 (0.24%) NIST
7 25 (0.21%) PCI DSS
8 21 (0.18%) ISO 9001
8 21 (0.18%) MiFID
9 16 (0.14%) HIPAA
10 15 (0.13%) NCSC
11 14 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 13 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 13 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 11 (0.094%) Actionable Recommendations
13 11 (0.094%) ISO 26262
13 11 (0.094%) SOC 2
14 10 (0.085%) GRC
14 10 (0.085%) MISRA
14 10 (0.085%) MISRA C
System Software
1 3,117 (26.53%) Docker
2 310 (2.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 169 (1.44%) Active Directory
4 96 (0.82%) Firmware
5 79 (0.67%) VirtualBox
5 79 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
6 68 (0.58%) Hyper-V
7 59 (0.50%) KVM
8 50 (0.43%) HDFS
9 46 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
10 31 (0.26%) vSphere
10 31 (0.26%) Xen
11 20 (0.17%) VMware NSX
12 15 (0.13%) Apache Flume
12 15 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.13%) NFS
13 12 (0.10%) Samba
14 11 (0.094%) Oracle RAC
14 11 (0.094%) Postfix
15 10 (0.085%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 2,600 (22.13%) Kubernetes
2 1,870 (15.91%) Terraform
3 1,509 (12.84%) Ansible
4 878 (7.47%) Puppet
5 541 (4.60%) Opscode Chef
6 347 (2.95%) Prometheus
7 289 (2.46%) Grafana
8 133 (1.13%) Docker Swarm
9 107 (0.91%) Nagios
10 97 (0.83%) Packer
11 85 (0.72%) Kibana
12 73 (0.62%) Consul
13 58 (0.49%) Salt
14 53 (0.45%) Graylog
15 43 (0.37%) Graphite
16 41 (0.35%) CFEngine
17 37 (0.31%) HP Quality Center
18 35 (0.30%) logstash
19 31 (0.26%) HAProxy
20 29 (0.25%) FortiGate
Vendors
1 1,022 (8.70%) Microsoft
2 953 (8.11%) Google
3 688 (5.85%) Oracle
4 391 (3.33%) VMware
5 315 (2.68%) Red Hat
6 263 (2.24%) Databricks
7 199 (1.69%) SAP
8 178 (1.51%) Splunk
9 174 (1.48%) IBM
10 158 (1.34%) Atlassian
11 147 (1.25%) Cisco
12 136 (1.16%) SaltStack
13 126 (1.07%) Talend
14 109 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
15 105 (0.89%) Informatica
16 99 (0.84%) Cloudera
17 92 (0.78%) New Relic
18 85 (0.72%) Sybase
19 77 (0.66%) Apple
20 67 (0.57%) Hortonworks