Period
to 26 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 26 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 9 14 19
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +6
Permanent jobs citing Python 7,420 15,883 16,348
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.40% 11.31% 9.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.09% 21.19% 17.54%
Number of salaries quoted 6,783 13,081 13,556
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £39,456 £35,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £112,500 £97,500 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.26%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,439 74,969 93,193
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.03% 53.39% 55.66%
Number of salaries quoted 23,899 61,255 77,483
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,950 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 26 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 6,925 £65,000 +4.00% 1,637
London +2 4,227 £75,000 +3.45% 817
UK excluding London +5 3,028 £52,500 +5.00% 932
South East +5 874 £55,000 +4.76% 211
Work from Home +3 721 £60,000 -14.29% 245
North of England +7 708 £55,000 +10.00% 196
South West +3 440 £50,000 - 150
Midlands +26 345 £50,000 - 101
North West +9 343 £55,000 +4.76% 92
Yorkshire +9 311 £55,000 +10.00% 83
East of England +5 279 £57,500 +4.55% 157
Scotland +2 248 £50,000 +11.11% 86
West Midlands +27 246 £51,250 +2.50% 76
East Midlands +24 96 £45,000 -10.00% 25
Wales +1 78 £45,000 +5.88% 22
Northern Ireland +3 67 £50,000 -13.04% 9
North East +8 54 £45,000 - 21

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,029 (40.82%) AWS
2 2,480 (33.42%) Java
3 2,253 (30.36%) DevOps
4 2,249 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
5 2,011 (27.10%) SQL
6 1,935 (26.08%) Finance
7 1,843 (24.84%) JavaScript
8 1,788 (24.10%) Linux
9 1,712 (23.07%) Software Engineering
10 1,702 (22.94%) Azure
11 1,645 (22.17%) Docker
12 1,431 (19.29%) Kubernetes
13 1,129 (15.22%) GCP
13 1,129 (15.22%) C#
14 1,025 (13.81%) Jenkins
15 1,016 (13.69%) C++
16 1,015 (13.68%) Terraform
17 972 (13.10%) Ansible
17 972 (13.10%) Git (software)
18 947 (12.76%) Machine Learning
19 935 (12.60%) Degree
20 934 (12.59%) Analytics
21 899 (12.12%) Web Services
22 831 (11.20%) Microservices
23 789 (10.63%) Node.js
24 762 (10.27%) Asset Management
25 755 (10.18%) Data Science
26 754 (10.16%) Fintech
26 754 (10.16%) Bash Shell
27 752 (10.13%) Computer Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 453 (6.11%) Apache Spark
2 355 (4.78%) Apache
3 250 (3.37%) Elasticsearch
4 172 (2.32%) Confluence
5 100 (1.35%) SAS
6 77 (1.04%) Apache Airflow
7 55 (0.74%) nginx
7 55 (0.74%) OpenStack
8 41 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
9 40 (0.54%) Jupyter
10 39 (0.53%) Tomcat
11 34 (0.46%) IIS
12 30 (0.40%) SharePoint
13 27 (0.36%) WebSphere
14 26 (0.35%) CMS
14 26 (0.35%) JBoss
14 26 (0.35%) Skype for Business
15 23 (0.31%) WebLogic
15 23 (0.31%) WordPress
16 19 (0.26%) Luigi
Applications
1 104 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.18%) Chatbot
5 12 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.11%) SPSS
7 6 (0.081%) Maya
8 5 (0.067%) Blender
8 5 (0.067%) Spreadsheet
9 4 (0.054%) Adobe Illustrator
9 4 (0.054%) Figma
9 4 (0.054%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.040%) GNU Octave
10 3 (0.040%) OrCAD
10 3 (0.040%) Simulink
10 3 (0.040%) Sketch
10 3 (0.040%) Stata
11 2 (0.027%) AutoCAD
11 2 (0.027%) EViews
11 2 (0.027%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 97 (1.31%) Markit EDM
2 96 (1.29%) Eagle PACE
3 72 (0.97%) PolarLake
4 23 (0.31%) FINCAD Analytics
5 18 (0.24%) Magento
6 17 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
8 9 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
9 8 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.11%) Sentinel
10 7 (0.094%) Odoo
10 7 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
10 7 (0.094%) Shopify
11 6 (0.081%) FastStats
12 4 (0.054%) Front Arena
12 4 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 4 (0.054%) Unica
13 3 (0.040%) Actimize
13 3 (0.040%) Remedy ITSM
13 3 (0.040%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 3,029 (40.82%) AWS
2 1,702 (22.94%) Azure
3 1,129 (15.22%) GCP
4 708 (9.54%) Serverless
5 546 (7.36%) AWS Lambda
6 409 (5.51%) SaaS
7 341 (4.60%) Power Platform
8 299 (4.03%) Amazon S3
9 289 (3.89%) GitHub
10 276 (3.72%) AWS CloudFormation
11 269 (3.63%) Amazon EC2
12 213 (2.87%) PaaS
13 207 (2.79%) Amazon ECS
14 206 (2.78%) IaaS
15 170 (2.29%) Cloud Computing
16 148 (1.99%) OpenShift
17 123 (1.66%) Office 365
18 92 (1.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 89 (1.20%) Amazon SQS
20 80 (1.08%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 249 (3.36%) Firewall
2 192 (2.59%) DNS
3 177 (2.39%) TCP/IP
4 121 (1.63%) Network Security
5 114 (1.54%) HTTP
6 112 (1.51%) VPN
7 107 (1.44%) Internet
8 104 (1.40%) BGP
9 97 (1.31%) Wireless
10 90 (1.21%) OSPF
11 80 (1.08%) Skype
12 78 (1.05%) SNMP
13 72 (0.97%) MPLS
14 66 (0.89%) WAN
15 55 (0.74%) LAN
16 54 (0.73%) DHCP
17 53 (0.71%) VoIP
18 48 (0.65%) Multicast
19 45 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
20 43 (0.58%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 669 (9.02%) Big Data
2 635 (8.56%) PostgreSQL
3 578 (7.79%) NoSQL
4 569 (7.67%) SQL Server
5 491 (6.62%) MySQL
6 402 (5.42%) Hadoop
7 400 (5.39%) Data Warehouse
8 356 (4.80%) MongoDB
9 306 (4.12%) Power BI
10 277 (3.73%) Relational Database
11 275 (3.71%) Amazon Redshift
12 227 (3.06%) Data Lake
13 216 (2.91%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 164 (2.21%) Apache Hive
15 149 (2.01%) BigQuery
15 149 (2.01%) Redis
16 134 (1.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 124 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
18 111 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
18 111 (1.50%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 1,025 (13.81%) Jenkins
2 972 (13.10%) Git (software)
3 370 (4.99%) JIRA
4 311 (4.19%) GitLab
5 252 (3.40%) Selenium
6 157 (2.12%) Artifactory
7 142 (1.91%) Cucumber
8 140 (1.89%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 138 (1.86%) TeamCity
10 108 (1.46%) Bitbucket
11 93 (1.25%) Subversion
12 92 (1.24%) Sonatype Nexus
13 83 (1.12%) Octopus Deploy
14 80 (1.08%) Maven
15 74 (1.00%) Gradle
16 70 (0.94%) JUnit
17 63 (0.85%) Visual Studio
18 60 (0.81%) CircleCI
19 58 (0.78%) Team Foundation Server
20 45 (0.61%) eggPlant
General
1 1,935 (26.08%) Finance
2 626 (8.44%) Front Office
3 518 (6.98%) Banking
4 234 (3.15%) Marketing
5 224 (3.02%) Games
6 204 (2.75%) Back Office
7 194 (2.61%) Public Sector
8 177 (2.39%) Investment Banking
9 175 (2.36%) Law
10 145 (1.95%) Telecoms
11 135 (1.82%) Retail
12 108 (1.46%) Advertising
13 105 (1.42%) Manufacturing
14 99 (1.33%) Electronics
15 39 (0.53%) Financial Institution
16 36 (0.49%) Aerospace
17 30 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
18 29 (0.39%) Automotive
19 23 (0.31%) Legal
20 21 (0.28%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,238 (30.16%) Developer
2 994 (13.40%) Python Developer
3 920 (12.40%) Software Engineer
4 850 (11.46%) DevOps Engineer
5 733 (9.88%) Python Engineer
6 590 (7.95%) Data Engineer
7 479 (6.46%) AWS Engineer
8 405 (5.46%) Senior Developer
9 386 (5.20%) Analyst
10 300 (4.04%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 297 (4.00%) Python Software Engineer
12 295 (3.98%) Architect
13 294 (3.96%) Data Scientist
14 255 (3.44%) Java Developer
15 250 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
16 242 (3.26%) Software Developer
17 227 (3.06%) AWS DevOps
18 222 (2.99%) Cloud Engineer
19 199 (2.68%) AWS Developer
19 199 (2.68%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 899 (12.12%) Web Services
2 789 (10.63%) Node.js
3 727 (9.80%) React
4 638 (8.60%) AngularJS
5 550 (7.41%) .NET
6 492 (6.63%) Django
7 450 (6.06%) HTML
8 402 (5.42%) Vue.js
9 385 (5.19%) Kafka
10 362 (4.88%) REST
11 357 (4.81%) CSS
12 303 (4.08%) Flask
13 251 (3.38%) RESTful
14 228 (3.07%) Pandas
15 177 (2.39%) NumPy
16 170 (2.29%) TensorFlow
17 168 (2.26%) Spring
18 165 (2.22%) JSON
19 163 (2.20%) XML
20 158 (2.13%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 738 (9.95%) Hedge funds
2 536 (7.22%) Fixed Income
3 512 (6.90%) Derivative
4 504 (6.79%) Analytical Skills
5 448 (6.04%) Algorithms
6 397 (5.35%) Equities
7 368 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
8 268 (3.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 213 (2.87%) Public Cloud
10 200 (2.70%) Mobile App
11 150 (2.02%) Cloud Native
12 148 (1.99%) Data Structures
13 146 (1.97%) Management Information System
14 141 (1.90%) Data Centre
15 137 (1.85%) User Experience
16 111 (1.50%) Reference Data
17 103 (1.39%) Self-Motivation
18 85 (1.15%) Blog
19 71 (0.96%) Credit Derivative
20 70 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,788 (24.10%) Linux
2 624 (8.41%) Windows
3 391 (5.27%) Unix
4 207 (2.79%) CentOS
5 187 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 147 (1.98%) Android
7 118 (1.59%) Windows Server
8 117 (1.58%) Ubuntu
9 99 (1.33%) Apple iOS
10 50 (0.67%) Debian
11 45 (0.61%) Mac OS X
12 30 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
13 28 (0.38%) Mac OS
13 28 (0.38%) Windows 10
14 25 (0.34%) VMS
15 23 (0.31%) Solaris
16 18 (0.24%) Fedora
17 14 (0.19%) Robot Operating System
17 14 (0.19%) Windows Server 2016
18 12 (0.16%) Mesosphere
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,253 (30.36%) DevOps
2 2,249 (30.31%) Agile Software Development
3 1,712 (23.07%) Software Engineering
4 947 (12.76%) Machine Learning
5 934 (12.59%) Analytics
6 831 (11.20%) Microservices
7 762 (10.27%) Asset Management
8 755 (10.18%) Data Science
9 754 (10.16%) Fintech
10 752 (10.13%) Computer Science
11 650 (8.76%) Test Automation
12 642 (8.65%) Artificial Intelligence
13 576 (7.76%) Mentoring
14 573 (7.72%) Continuous Integration
15 554 (7.47%) TDD
16 525 (7.08%) Problem-Solving
17 512 (6.90%) Investment Management
18 502 (6.77%) Mathematics
19 501 (6.75%) Open Source
20 475 (6.40%) Scrum
Programming Languages
1 2,480 (33.42%) Java
2 2,011 (27.10%) SQL
3 1,843 (24.84%) JavaScript
4 1,129 (15.22%) C#
5 1,016 (13.69%) C++
6 754 (10.16%) Bash Shell
7 721 (9.72%) R
8 676 (9.11%) Go
9 650 (8.76%) PowerShell
10 584 (7.87%) Ruby
11 438 (5.90%) C
12 427 (5.75%) Scala
13 387 (5.22%) PHP
14 346 (4.66%) Perl
15 246 (3.32%) TypeScript
16 239 (3.22%) Kotlin
16 239 (3.22%) Shell Script
17 138 (1.86%) MATLAB
18 112 (1.51%) Groovy
19 88 (1.19%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 935 (12.60%) Degree
2 341 (4.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 282 (3.80%) Security Cleared
4 194 (2.61%) PhD
5 193 (2.60%) SC Cleared
6 117 (1.58%) AWS Certification
7 111 (1.50%) Cisco Certification
8 99 (1.33%) DV Cleared
9 78 (1.05%) CCNP
10 75 (1.01%) Master's Degree
11 72 (0.97%) Numerate Degree
12 54 (0.73%) Sun Certification
13 52 (0.70%) ISTQB
14 51 (0.69%) CCNA
15 49 (0.66%) CISSP
15 49 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
16 48 (0.65%) CCIE
17 37 (0.50%) SANS
18 32 (0.43%) MCSA
19 31 (0.42%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 309 (4.16%) QA
2 63 (0.85%) GDPR
3 61 (0.82%) NIST
4 57 (0.77%) Data Quality
4 57 (0.77%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 49 (0.66%) SLA
6 19 (0.26%) PMO
7 18 (0.24%) NIST 800
7 18 (0.24%) PCI DSS
8 15 (0.20%) MiFID
9 14 (0.19%) COBIT
10 10 (0.13%) EMIR
11 9 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
11 9 (0.12%) ISO 13485
12 7 (0.094%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.081%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 4 (0.054%) FINRA
14 4 (0.054%) HIPAA
14 4 (0.054%) IEC 62304
System Software
1 1,645 (22.17%) Docker
2 198 (2.67%) VMware Infrastructure
3 146 (1.97%) Active Directory
4 77 (1.04%) Hyper-V
5 59 (0.80%) HDFS
6 35 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
7 30 (0.40%) Firmware
8 24 (0.32%) KVM
9 17 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 15 (0.20%) VirtualBox
10 15 (0.20%) VMware NSX
11 13 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
11 13 (0.18%) vSphere
12 12 (0.16%) Ceph
12 12 (0.16%) Xen
13 10 (0.13%) GlusterFS
13 10 (0.13%) RHEV
14 9 (0.12%) Apache Flume
14 9 (0.12%) LXC
15 7 (0.094%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,431 (19.29%) Kubernetes
2 1,015 (13.68%) Terraform
3 972 (13.10%) Ansible
4 543 (7.32%) Puppet
5 328 (4.42%) Opscode Chef
6 193 (2.60%) Grafana
7 124 (1.67%) Prometheus
8 85 (1.15%) Nagios
9 53 (0.71%) Graphite
9 53 (0.71%) Packer
10 51 (0.69%) Kibana
11 43 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 37 (0.50%) SCCM
13 32 (0.43%) Salt
13 32 (0.43%) ZABBIX
14 31 (0.42%) Consul
15 27 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
16 26 (0.35%) Rancher
17 24 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
18 21 (0.28%) Nessus
Vendors
1 609 (8.21%) Google
2 531 (7.16%) Microsoft
3 351 (4.73%) Oracle
4 248 (3.34%) VMware
5 239 (3.22%) Tableau
6 222 (2.99%) Splunk
7 174 (2.35%) Red Hat
8 161 (2.17%) Bloomberg
9 153 (2.06%) Cisco
10 147 (1.98%) Databricks
11 92 (1.24%) Cloudera
12 85 (1.15%) SAP
13 72 (0.97%) IBM
14 71 (0.96%) Atlassian
15 67 (0.90%) ServiceNow
16 65 (0.88%) Informatica
17 60 (0.81%) New Relic
18 52 (0.70%) Palo Alto
19 51 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
20 48 (0.65%) Talend