Period
to 7 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 7 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
7 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 16 18
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +6
Permanent jobs citing Python 10,264 16,516 16,770
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.05% 11.24% 9.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.49% 20.87% 16.75%
Number of salaries quoted 8,775 13,754 13,687
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +4.35% +4.55%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,888 £35,000
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £51,593 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +3.19% - +11.11%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,696 79,142 100,117
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.55% 53.84% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 36,013 64,853 83,412
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 7 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 7 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 9,639 £65,000 +4.00% 1,166
London -1 5,728 £75,000 +7.14% 570
UK excluding London 0 4,374 £51,593 +3.19% 680
South East 0 1,357 £52,500 +5.00% 173
North of England +5 993 £52,500 +2.94% 131
Work from Home -1 631 £62,500 -7.41% 162
South West +4 617 £50,000 +5.26% 106
Midlands +21 503 £50,000 - 90
North West +9 488 £52,500 - 70
Yorkshire +6 426 £55,000 +10.00% 44
East of England +3 418 £55,000 - 95
West Midlands +24 351 £50,000 - 70
Scotland +4 340 £50,000 +11.11% 54
East Midlands +21 150 £47,500 +5.56% 19
Wales -8 90 £42,500 +6.25% 16
North East +8 79 £47,500 -3.72% 17
Northern Ireland +3 67 £42,500 -15.00% 15
Channel Islands -4 1 £70,000 -6.67%

For the 6 months to 7 July 2020, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,614 (35.21%) AWS
2 3,488 (33.98%) Java
3 3,128 (30.48%) Agile Software Development
4 2,987 (29.10%) DevOps
5 2,896 (28.22%) SQL
6 2,579 (25.13%) Linux
7 2,432 (23.69%) JavaScript
8 2,277 (22.18%) Finance
9 2,257 (21.99%) Software Engineering
10 2,247 (21.89%) Docker
11 2,224 (21.67%) Azure
12 1,824 (17.77%) Kubernetes
13 1,738 (16.93%) C#
14 1,653 (16.10%) Analytics
15 1,536 (14.96%) C++
16 1,508 (14.69%) Degree
17 1,473 (14.35%) Git (software)
18 1,391 (13.55%) Jenkins
19 1,364 (13.29%) Ansible
20 1,339 (13.05%) Terraform
21 1,338 (13.04%) Bash Shell
22 1,293 (12.60%) GCP
23 1,266 (12.33%) Machine Learning
24 1,233 (12.01%) Data Science
25 1,072 (10.44%) Computer Science
26 1,056 (10.29%) R
27 1,055 (10.28%) Windows
28 996 (9.70%) Web Services
29 990 (9.65%) Big Data
30 989 (9.64%) Node.js

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 705 (6.87%) Apache Spark
2 389 (3.79%) Apache
3 287 (2.80%) Elasticsearch
4 278 (2.71%) Confluence
5 177 (1.72%) SAS
6 144 (1.40%) Apache Airflow
7 122 (1.19%) OpenStack
8 108 (1.05%) Tomcat
9 88 (0.86%) Jupyter
9 88 (0.86%) nginx
10 61 (0.59%) IIS
11 60 (0.58%) SharePoint
12 49 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
13 44 (0.43%) Luigi
13 44 (0.43%) WebSphere
14 43 (0.42%) JBoss
15 31 (0.30%) Apache Solr
15 31 (0.30%) CMS
16 28 (0.27%) WebLogic
17 26 (0.25%) WordPress
Applications
1 221 (2.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 80 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.44%) SPSS
4 32 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 16 (0.16%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.068%) S-PLUS
8 6 (0.058%) Photoshop
8 6 (0.058%) Sketch
8 6 (0.058%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.049%) GNU Octave
9 5 (0.049%) Simulink
10 4 (0.039%) Notepad++
10 4 (0.039%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.029%) Adobe Premiere
11 3 (0.029%) Blender
11 3 (0.029%) Gephi
11 3 (0.029%) Stata
12 2 (0.019%) EViews
Business Applications
1 60 (0.58%) FINCAD Analytics
2 56 (0.55%) Eagle PACE
2 56 (0.55%) Markit EDM
2 56 (0.55%) PolarLake
3 14 (0.14%) Magento
4 13 (0.13%) Distributed Ledger
5 10 (0.097%) Dynamics CRM
6 9 (0.088%) FastStats
6 9 (0.088%) Shopify
7 8 (0.078%) Sentinel
8 7 (0.068%) Oracle Applications
8 7 (0.068%) Remedy ITSM
8 7 (0.068%) SAP ERP
9 6 (0.058%) Actimize
10 5 (0.049%) Front Arena
10 5 (0.049%) Payment Gateway
10 5 (0.049%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.049%) SAP IS-U
11 4 (0.039%) R3 Corda
11 4 (0.039%) WebTrends
Cloud Services
1 3,614 (35.21%) AWS
2 2,224 (21.67%) Azure
3 1,293 (12.60%) GCP
4 700 (6.82%) Serverless
5 487 (4.74%) SaaS
6 482 (4.70%) AWS Lambda
7 479 (4.67%) Power Platform
8 324 (3.16%) AWS CloudFormation
9 320 (3.12%) GitHub
10 315 (3.07%) Amazon S3
11 300 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
12 236 (2.30%) Cloud Computing
13 227 (2.21%) OpenShift
14 226 (2.20%) Amazon ECS
15 212 (2.07%) PaaS
16 173 (1.69%) IaaS
17 139 (1.35%) Amazon EMR
18 121 (1.18%) Office 365
19 115 (1.12%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 107 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 333 (3.24%) Firewall
2 281 (2.74%) TCP/IP
3 213 (2.08%) DNS
4 176 (1.71%) HTTP
5 175 (1.70%) Internet
6 142 (1.38%) VPN
7 133 (1.30%) Network Security
8 106 (1.03%) BGP
9 103 (1.00%) WAN
10 84 (0.82%) Wireless
11 82 (0.80%) DHCP
12 79 (0.77%) MPLS
12 79 (0.77%) Wireshark
13 70 (0.68%) LAN
14 69 (0.67%) OSPF
15 66 (0.64%) SAN
16 64 (0.62%) Skype
17 57 (0.56%) Intrusion Detection
18 56 (0.55%) SNMP
19 54 (0.53%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 990 (9.65%) Big Data
2 895 (8.72%) SQL Server
3 867 (8.45%) NoSQL
4 816 (7.95%) PostgreSQL
5 683 (6.65%) MySQL
6 667 (6.50%) Hadoop
7 605 (5.89%) Data Warehouse
8 494 (4.81%) Relational Database
9 478 (4.66%) MongoDB
10 460 (4.48%) Power BI
11 385 (3.75%) Data Lake
12 364 (3.55%) Amazon Redshift
13 275 (2.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 255 (2.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 237 (2.31%) Redis
16 206 (2.01%) Apache Cassandra
17 202 (1.97%) Apache Hive
18 188 (1.83%) BigQuery
19 185 (1.80%) Amazon RDS
20 182 (1.77%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,473 (14.35%) Git (software)
2 1,391 (13.55%) Jenkins
3 568 (5.53%) JIRA
4 346 (3.37%) Selenium
5 325 (3.17%) GitLab
6 252 (2.46%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 228 (2.22%) Cucumber
8 198 (1.93%) Bitbucket
9 184 (1.79%) Subversion
10 179 (1.74%) TeamCity
11 160 (1.56%) Artifactory
12 140 (1.36%) Maven
13 108 (1.05%) Sonatype Nexus
14 104 (1.01%) Vagrant
15 103 (1.00%) JUnit
15 103 (1.00%) Visual Studio
16 102 (0.99%) Octopus Deploy
17 89 (0.87%) CircleCI
18 73 (0.71%) webpack
19 72 (0.70%) JMeter
General
1 2,277 (22.18%) Finance
2 664 (6.47%) Banking
3 600 (5.85%) Front Office
4 386 (3.76%) Marketing
5 304 (2.96%) Retail
6 254 (2.47%) Games
7 197 (1.92%) Law
8 191 (1.86%) Investment Banking
9 183 (1.78%) Legal
10 167 (1.63%) Back Office
11 156 (1.52%) Telecoms
12 151 (1.47%) Public Sector
13 140 (1.36%) Advertising
14 127 (1.24%) Electronics
15 122 (1.19%) Manufacturing
16 80 (0.78%) Financial Institution
17 77 (0.75%) Automotive
18 75 (0.73%) Aerospace
19 43 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
20 25 (0.24%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,896 (28.22%) Developer
2 1,154 (11.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,089 (10.61%) Python Developer
4 1,057 (10.30%) Software Engineer
5 823 (8.02%) Data Engineer
6 781 (7.61%) Python Engineer
7 645 (6.28%) Analyst
8 578 (5.63%) AWS Engineer
9 442 (4.31%) Senior Developer
10 436 (4.25%) Architect
11 426 (4.15%) Java Developer
12 412 (4.01%) Software Developer
13 407 (3.97%) Data Scientist
14 345 (3.36%) Junior
15 341 (3.32%) Cloud Engineer
16 276 (2.69%) Full Stack Developer
17 257 (2.50%) Python Software Engineer
18 252 (2.46%) AWS DevOps
19 226 (2.20%) Platform Engineer
20 225 (2.19%) Data Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 996 (9.70%) Web Services
2 989 (9.64%) Node.js
3 910 (8.87%) .NET
4 822 (8.01%) React
5 786 (7.66%) HTML
6 740 (7.21%) AngularJS
7 633 (6.17%) CSS
8 601 (5.86%) Django
9 532 (5.18%) REST
10 516 (5.03%) Kafka
11 399 (3.89%) RESTful
12 363 (3.54%) Flask
13 311 (3.03%) Vue.js
14 301 (2.93%) HTML5
15 251 (2.45%) Pandas
16 246 (2.40%) JSON
17 227 (2.21%) XML
18 213 (2.08%) Natural Language Processing
19 212 (2.07%) Spring
20 206 (2.01%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 921 (8.97%) Analytical Skills
2 622 (6.06%) Algorithms
3 618 (6.02%) Hedge funds
4 455 (4.43%) Derivative
5 452 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
6 446 (4.35%) Fixed Income
7 337 (3.28%) Public Cloud
8 299 (2.91%) User Experience
9 282 (2.75%) Equities
10 263 (2.56%) Data Structures
11 231 (2.25%) Mobile App
12 214 (2.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 204 (1.99%) Management Information System
14 190 (1.85%) Cloud Native
14 190 (1.85%) Data Centre
15 162 (1.58%) Self-Motivation
16 129 (1.26%) Linux Command Line
17 120 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
18 105 (1.02%) Blog
19 84 (0.82%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 2,579 (25.13%) Linux
2 1,055 (10.28%) Windows
3 572 (5.57%) Unix
4 262 (2.55%) CentOS
5 244 (2.38%) Android
6 218 (2.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 199 (1.94%) Apple iOS
8 190 (1.85%) Windows Server
9 161 (1.57%) Ubuntu
10 64 (0.62%) Debian
11 45 (0.44%) Solaris
12 42 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
13 41 (0.40%) Mac OS
14 34 (0.33%) Windows Server 2016
15 31 (0.30%) VMS
16 26 (0.25%) Mac OS X
17 24 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
18 19 (0.19%) Fedora
19 18 (0.18%) Windows 10
20 17 (0.17%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,128 (30.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,987 (29.10%) DevOps
3 2,257 (21.99%) Software Engineering
4 1,653 (16.10%) Analytics
5 1,266 (12.33%) Machine Learning
6 1,233 (12.01%) Data Science
7 1,072 (10.44%) Computer Science
8 988 (9.63%) Microservices
9 966 (9.41%) Test Automation
10 948 (9.24%) Continuous Integration
11 929 (9.05%) Fintech
12 896 (8.73%) Artificial Intelligence
13 864 (8.42%) Problem-Solving
14 838 (8.16%) Business Intelligence
15 769 (7.49%) TDD
16 745 (7.26%) Scrum
17 732 (7.13%) Mentoring
18 724 (7.05%) Mathematics
19 717 (6.99%) ETL
20 672 (6.55%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,488 (33.98%) Java
2 2,896 (28.22%) SQL
3 2,432 (23.69%) JavaScript
4 1,738 (16.93%) C#
5 1,536 (14.96%) C++
6 1,338 (13.04%) Bash Shell
7 1,056 (10.29%) R
8 928 (9.04%) PowerShell
9 910 (8.87%) Ruby
10 886 (8.63%) Go
11 718 (7.00%) Scala
12 690 (6.72%) C
13 632 (6.16%) PHP
14 566 (5.51%) Perl
15 295 (2.87%) Shell Script
16 265 (2.58%) TypeScript
17 240 (2.34%) MATLAB
18 221 (2.15%) Kotlin
19 180 (1.75%) VBA
20 170 (1.66%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,508 (14.69%) Degree
2 489 (4.76%) Computer Science Degree
3 425 (4.14%) Security Cleared
4 270 (2.63%) PhD
5 241 (2.35%) SC Cleared
6 199 (1.94%) DV Cleared
7 148 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
8 128 (1.25%) AWS Certification
9 104 (1.01%) Master's Degree
10 92 (0.90%) CISSP
11 85 (0.83%) CCNP
11 85 (0.83%) Microsoft Certification
12 78 (0.76%) ISTQB
12 78 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
13 73 (0.71%) CCNA
14 67 (0.65%) SANS
15 52 (0.51%) ISEB
16 51 (0.50%) CREST Certified
17 49 (0.48%) CISM
18 45 (0.44%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 473 (4.61%) QA
2 117 (1.14%) Data Quality
3 93 (0.91%) GAAP
4 86 (0.84%) GDPR
5 78 (0.76%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 64 (0.62%) NIST
7 41 (0.40%) SLA
8 29 (0.28%) PCI DSS
9 16 (0.16%) NIST 800
10 15 (0.15%) COBIT
11 14 (0.14%) MiFID
12 13 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
12 13 (0.13%) ISO 9001
13 9 (0.088%) ISO 13485
14 7 (0.068%) Dodd-Frank
14 7 (0.068%) EMIR
14 7 (0.068%) HIPAA
14 7 (0.068%) PMO
15 6 (0.058%) FINRA
15 6 (0.058%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 2,247 (21.89%) Docker
2 318 (3.10%) VMware Infrastructure
3 154 (1.50%) Active Directory
4 108 (1.05%) Hyper-V
5 83 (0.81%) Firmware
6 63 (0.61%) VirtualBox
7 50 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
8 49 (0.48%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 46 (0.45%) HDFS
9 46 (0.45%) KVM
10 36 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
11 32 (0.31%) vSphere
12 27 (0.26%) Apache Flume
13 23 (0.22%) VMware NSX
14 22 (0.21%) NFS
15 19 (0.19%) Xen
16 16 (0.16%) Samba
16 16 (0.16%) XenApp
16 16 (0.16%) XenDesktop
17 13 (0.13%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 1,824 (17.77%) Kubernetes
2 1,364 (13.29%) Ansible
3 1,339 (13.05%) Terraform
4 721 (7.02%) Puppet
5 507 (4.94%) Opscode Chef
6 173 (1.69%) Grafana
7 161 (1.57%) Prometheus
8 126 (1.23%) Packer
9 117 (1.14%) Nagios
10 110 (1.07%) Docker Swarm
11 83 (0.81%) Kibana
12 81 (0.79%) Salt
13 62 (0.60%) Consul
14 59 (0.57%) Graphite
15 50 (0.49%) ZABBIX
16 48 (0.47%) Nessus
17 34 (0.33%) Rancher
18 33 (0.32%) logstash
19 32 (0.31%) SCCM
20 31 (0.30%) Oozie
Vendors
1 769 (7.49%) Google
2 747 (7.28%) Microsoft
3 628 (6.12%) Oracle
4 532 (5.18%) Tableau
5 411 (4.00%) VMware
6 289 (2.82%) Red Hat
7 239 (2.33%) Splunk
8 185 (1.80%) Cisco
9 174 (1.70%) Bloomberg
10 167 (1.63%) Databricks
11 136 (1.33%) Alteryx
12 134 (1.31%) Teradata
13 130 (1.27%) IBM
14 118 (1.15%) Atlassian
15 109 (1.06%) UiPath
16 108 (1.05%) Blue Prism
17 105 (1.02%) Informatica
18 101 (0.98%) Cadence
19 100 (0.97%) Automation Anywhere
20 97 (0.95%) Talend