Period
to 17 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Python
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 14 17
Rank change year-on-year +4 +3 +5
Permanent jobs citing Python 9,299 14,249 16,004
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.02% 11.30% 10.59%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.87% 20.88% 19.27%
Number of salaries quoted 9,161 12,342 13,927
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +9.09%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £35,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £107,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,943 68,258 83,034
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.07% 54.12% 54.93%
Number of salaries quoted 30,369 56,807 69,473
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Python.

Salary trend for Python in the UK

Python
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 17 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 8,571 £65,000 +0.27% 1,911
London +3 5,117 £75,000 - 959
UK excluding London +5 3,841 £55,000 +10.00% 1,066
Work from Home +2 1,501 £64,867 -0.20% 373
North of England +18 988 £55,000 +4.76% 264
South East +4 958 £55,000 +4.76% 227
South West 0 586 £52,500 +5.00% 153
Midlands +26 476 £52,500 +5.00% 117
Yorkshire +13 476 £55,000 +10.00% 98
North West +19 443 £57,500 +4.55% 146
West Midlands +22 362 £52,500 +5.00% 72
Scotland +1 352 £54,072 +20.16% 93
East of England +7 327 £56,250 +2.27% 176
East Midlands +27 114 £50,000 +5.26% 45
Wales +9 105 £47,500 +5.56% 24
North East +16 69 £47,500 +5.56% 20
Northern Ireland +4 65 £52,500 +31.25% 13
Isle of Man - 7 - -
Channel Islands +6 1 £40,000 -33.33%

For the 6 months to 17 January 2021, IT jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,567 (38.36%) AWS
2 3,125 (33.61%) Agile Software Development
3 3,034 (32.63%) Java
4 2,791 (30.01%) SQL
5 2,682 (28.84%) DevOps
6 2,364 (25.42%) JavaScript
7 2,219 (23.86%) Docker
8 2,087 (22.44%) Software Engineering
9 2,070 (22.26%) Azure
10 2,066 (22.22%) Linux
11 2,052 (22.07%) Finance
12 1,831 (19.69%) Kubernetes
13 1,496 (16.09%) C#
14 1,448 (15.57%) GCP
15 1,308 (14.07%) Terraform
16 1,256 (13.51%) Machine Learning
17 1,212 (13.03%) Jenkins
18 1,187 (12.76%) Analytics
19 1,146 (12.32%) Ansible
20 1,133 (12.18%) Degree
21 1,120 (12.04%) C++
22 1,099 (11.82%) Git (software)
23 1,046 (11.25%) Go
24 1,034 (11.12%) Microservices
25 1,011 (10.87%) Data Science
26 1,003 (10.79%) React
27 990 (10.65%) Node.js
28 938 (10.09%) TDD
29 936 (10.07%) Bash Shell
30 905 (9.73%) PostgreSQL

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 567 (6.10%) Apache Spark
2 383 (4.12%) Apache
3 346 (3.72%) Elasticsearch
4 217 (2.33%) Confluence
5 123 (1.32%) SAS
6 121 (1.30%) Apache Airflow
7 99 (1.06%) nginx
8 55 (0.59%) OpenStack
9 41 (0.44%) IIS
10 34 (0.37%) JBoss
10 34 (0.37%) WebSphere
11 33 (0.35%) Luigi
12 32 (0.34%) CMS
12 32 (0.34%) Jupyter
13 30 (0.32%) Cloud Foundry
13 30 (0.32%) Skype for Business
14 28 (0.30%) SharePoint
15 27 (0.29%) WordPress
16 26 (0.28%) Tomcat
16 26 (0.28%) Tornado
Applications
1 145 (1.56%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.22%) Simulink
5 19 (0.20%) SPSS
6 14 (0.15%) Maya
7 11 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 11 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.11%) Stateflow
9 7 (0.075%) Chatbot
9 7 (0.075%) Sketch
10 5 (0.054%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.043%) Figma
12 3 (0.032%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.032%) Adobe XD
12 3 (0.032%) SPSS Modeler
13 2 (0.022%) AutoCAD
13 2 (0.022%) Blender
13 2 (0.022%) InVision
14 1 (0.011%) Mathcad
Business Applications
1 65 (0.70%) Markit EDM
2 63 (0.68%) Eagle PACE
3 32 (0.34%) PolarLake
4 19 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
5 18 (0.19%) Magento
6 12 (0.13%) Odoo
7 9 (0.097%) FINCAD Analytics
7 9 (0.097%) Sentinel
8 8 (0.086%) Dynamics CRM
9 7 (0.075%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 7 (0.075%) Shopify
10 5 (0.054%) JDE OneWorld
11 4 (0.043%) MoSes
11 4 (0.043%) Payment Gateway
11 4 (0.043%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.032%) SAP Business One
13 2 (0.022%) NetSuite
13 2 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
13 2 (0.022%) SAP BPC
13 2 (0.022%) SAP R/3
Cloud Services
1 3,567 (38.36%) AWS
2 2,070 (22.26%) Azure
3 1,448 (15.57%) GCP
4 838 (9.01%) Serverless
5 621 (6.68%) AWS Lambda
6 495 (5.32%) Power Platform
7 480 (5.16%) SaaS
8 375 (4.03%) AWS CloudFormation
9 367 (3.95%) Amazon S3
10 359 (3.86%) GitHub
11 318 (3.42%) Amazon EC2
12 282 (3.03%) PaaS
13 248 (2.67%) IaaS
14 193 (2.08%) Amazon ECS
15 170 (1.83%) Amazon EKS
16 157 (1.69%) Azure Data Factory
17 154 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
18 138 (1.48%) Amazon Kinesis
19 131 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 100 (1.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 269 (2.89%) Firewall
2 255 (2.74%) TCP/IP
3 222 (2.39%) DNS
4 188 (2.02%) HTTP
5 159 (1.71%) Internet
6 123 (1.32%) VPN
7 116 (1.25%) Wireless
8 109 (1.17%) OSPF
9 106 (1.14%) BGP
10 87 (0.94%) Network Security
11 78 (0.84%) Wi-Fi
12 72 (0.77%) DHCP
12 72 (0.77%) WAN
13 68 (0.73%) Wireshark
14 67 (0.72%) MPLS
15 64 (0.69%) Ethernet
16 63 (0.68%) SNMP
17 61 (0.66%) LAN
18 53 (0.57%) VoIP
19 50 (0.54%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 905 (9.73%) PostgreSQL
2 772 (8.30%) Big Data
3 702 (7.55%) NoSQL
4 619 (6.66%) SQL Server
5 551 (5.93%) MySQL
6 521 (5.60%) Data Warehouse
7 489 (5.26%) MongoDB
8 457 (4.91%) Power BI
9 429 (4.61%) Relational Database
10 403 (4.33%) Hadoop
11 316 (3.40%) Tableau
12 297 (3.19%) Data Lake
13 256 (2.75%) Amazon Redshift
14 249 (2.68%) Redis
15 230 (2.47%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 209 (2.25%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 197 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
18 181 (1.95%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 160 (1.72%) BigQuery
20 146 (1.57%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,212 (13.03%) Jenkins
2 1,099 (11.82%) Git (software)
3 530 (5.70%) JIRA
4 447 (4.81%) GitLab
5 316 (3.40%) Selenium
6 182 (1.96%) TeamCity
7 152 (1.63%) Subversion
8 150 (1.61%) Cucumber
9 137 (1.47%) Bitbucket
10 130 (1.40%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 129 (1.39%) Artifactory
12 110 (1.18%) Maven
13 109 (1.17%) Sonatype Nexus
14 83 (0.89%) Appium
14 83 (0.89%) Visual Studio
15 79 (0.85%) WebDriver
16 77 (0.83%) CircleCI
16 77 (0.83%) Team Foundation Server
17 63 (0.68%) Gradle
18 62 (0.67%) JMeter
General
1 2,052 (22.07%) Finance
2 561 (6.03%) Front Office
3 511 (5.50%) Banking
4 316 (3.40%) Public Sector
5 289 (3.11%) Marketing
6 285 (3.06%) Games
7 236 (2.54%) Retail
8 180 (1.94%) Law
9 178 (1.91%) Telecoms
10 151 (1.62%) Investment Banking
11 142 (1.53%) Back Office
12 141 (1.52%) Electronics
13 116 (1.25%) Advertising
14 104 (1.12%) Manufacturing
15 59 (0.63%) Aerospace
16 56 (0.60%) Legal
17 52 (0.56%) Financial Institution
18 51 (0.55%) Publishing
19 44 (0.47%) Automotive
20 38 (0.41%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 2,924 (31.44%) Developer
2 1,248 (13.42%) Python Developer
3 1,199 (12.89%) Software Engineer
4 1,059 (11.39%) DevOps Engineer
5 822 (8.84%) Python Engineer
6 775 (8.33%) Data Engineer
7 567 (6.10%) Senior Developer
8 494 (5.31%) AWS Engineer
9 461 (4.96%) Analyst
10 353 (3.80%) Developer/Software Engineer
11 348 (3.74%) Data Scientist
12 332 (3.57%) Java Developer
13 326 (3.51%) Architect
14 322 (3.46%) Python Software Engineer
15 320 (3.44%) Software Developer
16 301 (3.24%) Full Stack Developer
17 299 (3.22%) AWS DevOps
18 280 (3.01%) Senior Python Developer
19 275 (2.96%) AWS DevOps Engineer
20 250 (2.69%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,003 (10.79%) React
2 990 (10.65%) Node.js
3 802 (8.62%) Web Services
4 779 (8.38%) AngularJS
5 720 (7.74%) Django
6 715 (7.69%) .NET
7 673 (7.24%) Kafka
8 634 (6.82%) HTML
9 504 (5.42%) Vue.js
10 503 (5.41%) CSS
11 463 (4.98%) REST
12 454 (4.88%) Flask
13 304 (3.27%) RESTful
14 252 (2.71%) Pandas
15 243 (2.61%) Spring
16 237 (2.55%) HTML5
17 236 (2.54%) .NET Core
18 232 (2.49%) RabbitMQ
19 220 (2.37%) NumPy
20 216 (2.32%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 596 (6.41%) Analytical Skills
2 547 (5.88%) Hedge funds
3 460 (4.95%) Algorithms
4 442 (4.75%) Greenfield Project
5 432 (4.65%) Derivative
6 427 (4.59%) Fixed Income
7 411 (4.42%) Equities
8 298 (3.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 250 (2.69%) Mobile App
10 249 (2.68%) Cloud Native
11 236 (2.54%) Data Structures
12 178 (1.91%) Public Cloud
13 172 (1.85%) Management Information System
14 152 (1.63%) Data Centre
14 152 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
15 145 (1.56%) User Experience
16 138 (1.48%) Linux Command Line
17 125 (1.34%) Blog
18 93 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
19 88 (0.95%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,066 (22.22%) Linux
2 618 (6.65%) Windows
3 488 (5.25%) Unix
4 204 (2.19%) CentOS
5 201 (2.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 150 (1.61%) Android
7 131 (1.41%) Windows Server
8 108 (1.16%) Ubuntu
9 89 (0.96%) Apple iOS
10 42 (0.45%) Debian
11 40 (0.43%) Mac OS X
12 30 (0.32%) Windows Server 2016
13 26 (0.28%) Fedora
14 25 (0.27%) Windows 10
15 24 (0.26%) Mac OS
15 24 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
16 13 (0.14%) Solaris
16 13 (0.14%) VMS
17 10 (0.11%) Amazon Linux
17 10 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,125 (33.61%) Agile Software Development
2 2,682 (28.84%) DevOps
3 2,087 (22.44%) Software Engineering
4 1,256 (13.51%) Machine Learning
5 1,187 (12.76%) Analytics
6 1,034 (11.12%) Microservices
7 1,011 (10.87%) Data Science
8 938 (10.09%) TDD
9 902 (9.70%) Computer Science
10 889 (9.56%) Test Automation
11 798 (8.58%) Problem-Solving
12 782 (8.41%) Fintech
13 735 (7.90%) Continuous Integration
14 730 (7.85%) Business Intelligence
15 714 (7.68%) Artificial Intelligence
16 710 (7.64%) Scrum
17 626 (6.73%) ETL
18 623 (6.70%) Configuration Management
19 609 (6.55%) Mentoring
20 604 (6.50%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 3,034 (32.63%) Java
2 2,791 (30.01%) SQL
3 2,364 (25.42%) JavaScript
4 1,496 (16.09%) C#
5 1,120 (12.04%) C++
6 1,046 (11.25%) Go
7 936 (10.07%) Bash Shell
8 723 (7.78%) Ruby
9 682 (7.33%) PowerShell
10 659 (7.09%) R
11 515 (5.54%) PHP
12 510 (5.48%) Scala
13 478 (5.14%) C
14 422 (4.54%) Perl
15 414 (4.45%) TypeScript
16 300 (3.23%) Shell Script
17 288 (3.10%) Kotlin
18 111 (1.19%) MATLAB
19 110 (1.18%) Groovy
20 95 (1.02%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,133 (12.18%) Degree
2 405 (4.36%) Security Cleared
3 350 (3.76%) Computer Science Degree
4 305 (3.28%) SC Cleared
5 242 (2.60%) PhD
6 131 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
7 128 (1.38%) AWS Certification
8 93 (1.00%) Cisco Certification
9 90 (0.97%) DV Cleared
10 67 (0.72%) ISTQB
11 66 (0.71%) CCNP
12 65 (0.70%) Master's Degree
13 49 (0.53%) CISSP
14 41 (0.44%) CCIE
15 35 (0.38%) ISEB
16 31 (0.33%) Sun Certification
17 30 (0.32%) BPSS Clearance
17 30 (0.32%) CCNA
18 27 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
18 27 (0.29%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 381 (4.10%) QA
2 92 (0.99%) Data Quality
3 69 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 52 (0.56%) GDPR
5 49 (0.53%) SLA
6 39 (0.42%) NIST
7 28 (0.30%) PCI DSS
8 23 (0.25%) PMO
9 13 (0.14%) EMIR
9 13 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 13 (0.14%) MiFID
10 12 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
10 12 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 11 (0.12%) HIPAA
11 11 (0.12%) ISO 9001
12 9 (0.097%) ISO 22301
12 9 (0.097%) NCSC
12 9 (0.097%) NIST 800
13 8 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 7 (0.075%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 2,219 (23.86%) Docker
2 216 (2.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 173 (1.86%) Active Directory
4 64 (0.69%) Firmware
4 64 (0.69%) HDFS
5 61 (0.66%) Hyper-V
6 43 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
7 34 (0.37%) KVM
8 27 (0.29%) Xen
9 23 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 21 (0.23%) VMware ESXi
11 19 (0.20%) vSphere
12 15 (0.16%) BitLocker
13 13 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 13 (0.14%) Ceph
14 12 (0.13%) NFS
15 11 (0.12%) VMware NSX
16 10 (0.11%) RHEV
17 8 (0.086%) Samba
18 7 (0.075%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,831 (19.69%) Kubernetes
2 1,308 (14.07%) Terraform
3 1,146 (12.32%) Ansible
4 716 (7.70%) Puppet
5 433 (4.66%) Opscode Chef
6 222 (2.39%) Grafana
7 195 (2.10%) Prometheus
8 96 (1.03%) Nagios
9 48 (0.52%) Kibana
10 47 (0.51%) Packer
11 44 (0.47%) SCCM
12 43 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
12 43 (0.46%) Salt
13 40 (0.43%) Graphite
14 36 (0.39%) Consul
15 30 (0.32%) Graylog
16 26 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
17 25 (0.27%) Rancher
17 25 (0.27%) ZABBIX
18 23 (0.25%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 703 (7.56%) Microsoft
2 675 (7.26%) Google
3 405 (4.36%) Oracle
4 293 (3.15%) VMware
5 229 (2.46%) Databricks
6 207 (2.23%) Red Hat
7 167 (1.80%) Splunk
8 145 (1.56%) Atlassian
9 136 (1.46%) Cisco
10 116 (1.25%) SAP
11 105 (1.13%) SaltStack
12 104 (1.12%) IBM
13 84 (0.90%) Talend
14 83 (0.89%) New Relic
15 80 (0.86%) Salesforce.com
16 75 (0.81%) Bloomberg
17 72 (0.77%) Informatica
18 69 (0.74%) Cloudera
19 66 (0.71%) ServiceNow
20 63 (0.68%) Apple