Period
to 23 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 29 33 35
Rank change year-on-year +4 +2 +14
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 10,666 11,671 10,431
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.09% 6.62% 5.94%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.73% 7.22% 6.51%
Number of salaries quoted 8,248 9,379 8,861
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £46,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,250 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 138,042 161,756 160,279
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.75% 91.80% 91.32%
Number of salaries quoted 108,853 131,609 132,070
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £27,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 23 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 9,753 £50,000 - 1,856
UK excluding London +1 6,294 £45,000 - 1,357
London +2 4,195 £60,000 - 633
South East +10 2,000 £47,500 +5.56% 326
North of England -3 1,337 £45,000 - 367
Midlands -3 767 £42,250 +5.63% 217
South West -6 752 £45,000 - 171
East of England +11 678 £49,500 - 142
North West +1 656 £45,000 - 182
Scotland +15 610 £45,000 +5.88% 76
Yorkshire -8 569 £44,000 -2.22% 133
West Midlands -6 402 £42,500 +6.25% 136
East Midlands -3 365 £42,000 +1.20% 79
North East +7 127 £45,000 +7.14% 52
Wales +2 120 £38,650 +3.07% 45
Northern Ireland -2 50 £41,500 +33.87% 13

For the 6 months to 23 February 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 6,866 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
2 3,920 (36.75%) Java
3 3,383 (31.72%) C#
4 3,368 (31.58%) QA
5 3,335 (31.27%) Selenium
6 2,843 (26.65%) SQL
7 2,707 (25.38%) JavaScript
8 2,457 (23.04%) Continuous Integration
9 2,203 (20.65%) TDD
10 2,197 (20.60%) Scrum
11 2,196 (20.59%) Finance
12 2,009 (18.84%) .NET
13 1,998 (18.73%) BDD
14 1,951 (18.29%) Python
15 1,820 (17.06%) Software Engineering
16 1,737 (16.29%) DevOps
17 1,734 (16.26%) Git (software)
18 1,641 (15.39%) Jenkins
19 1,605 (15.05%) Degree
20 1,604 (15.04%) Cucumber
21 1,541 (14.45%) JIRA
22 1,454 (13.63%) Amazon AWS
23 1,428 (13.39%) HTML
24 1,366 (12.81%) Software Testing
25 1,361 (12.76%) Linux
26 1,252 (11.74%) CSS
27 1,217 (11.41%) Test Scripting
28 1,189 (11.15%) Web Services
29 1,180 (11.06%) Microservices
30 1,175 (11.02%) Microsoft Azure

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 520 (4.88%) Confluence
2 187 (1.75%) Elasticsearch
3 162 (1.52%) Apache
4 146 (1.37%) IIS
5 137 (1.28%) SharePoint
6 135 (1.27%) CMS
7 104 (0.98%) Apache Spark
7 104 (0.98%) Tomcat
8 73 (0.68%) Cloud Foundry
8 73 (0.68%) nginx
9 65 (0.61%) WebSphere
10 52 (0.49%) NServiceBus
11 46 (0.43%) MQSeries
12 44 (0.41%) Apache Solr
13 38 (0.36%) BizTalk Server
13 38 (0.36%) WebLogic
14 35 (0.33%) Drupal
15 33 (0.31%) WordPress
16 31 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 29 (0.27%) Umbraco
Applications
1 119 (1.12%) Microsoft Office
2 76 (0.71%) Chatbot
3 60 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
4 28 (0.26%) AutoCAD
5 20 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 19 (0.18%) Mingle
7 18 (0.17%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.075%) MS Visio
8 8 (0.075%) SPSS
9 6 (0.056%) OmniGraffle
10 5 (0.047%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.038%) Microsoft Project
12 3 (0.028%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 3 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
12 3 (0.028%) ArchiCAD
12 3 (0.028%) CATIA
12 3 (0.028%) MicroStation
12 3 (0.028%) Revit
12 3 (0.028%) Simulink
12 3 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 92 (0.86%) Dynamics CRM
2 47 (0.44%) thinkFolio
3 21 (0.20%) Magento
4 17 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
5 15 (0.14%) Temenos T24
6 14 (0.13%) Odoo
6 14 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
7 12 (0.11%) Misys Midas
7 12 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
8 10 (0.094%) Oracle BPM
8 10 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
9 8 (0.075%) FastStats
10 7 (0.066%) Distributed Ledger
11 6 (0.056%) SAP Hybris
12 5 (0.047%) SAP Business One
12 5 (0.047%) SAP ERP
12 5 (0.047%) SAP FI-CA
12 5 (0.047%) SAP PSCD
12 5 (0.047%) Shopify
13 4 (0.038%) HFM
Cloud Services
1 1,454 (13.63%) Amazon AWS
2 1,175 (11.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 368 (3.45%) SaaS
4 318 (2.98%) GitHub
5 246 (2.31%) Google Cloud Platform
6 201 (1.88%) Serverless
7 171 (1.60%) PaaS
8 150 (1.41%) Cloud Computing
9 131 (1.23%) npm
10 113 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
11 111 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
12 102 (0.96%) AWS Lambda
13 85 (0.80%) Amazon S3
14 81 (0.76%) IaaS
15 79 (0.74%) OpenShift
16 71 (0.67%) BrowserStack
17 64 (0.60%) Office 365
18 53 (0.50%) Slack
19 44 (0.41%) G Suite
20 41 (0.38%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 296 (2.78%) HTTP
2 128 (1.20%) TCP/IP
3 104 (0.98%) Internet
4 79 (0.74%) Firewall
5 62 (0.58%) Wireless
6 52 (0.49%) DNS
7 33 (0.31%) SSL
8 27 (0.25%) Intranet
9 26 (0.24%) Extranet
10 24 (0.23%) HTTPS
11 23 (0.22%) RS-485
11 23 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
11 23 (0.22%) Wireshark
12 19 (0.18%) Modbus
13 18 (0.17%) Ethernet
13 18 (0.17%) SNMP
14 17 (0.16%) VPN
15 15 (0.14%) FTP
16 14 (0.13%) AMQP
16 14 (0.13%) H.323
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,174 (11.01%) SQL Server
2 583 (5.47%) NoSQL
3 469 (4.40%) Relational Database
4 461 (4.32%) MySQL
5 368 (3.45%) MongoDB
6 349 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
7 337 (3.16%) Big Data
8 166 (1.56%) Hadoop
9 164 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 157 (1.47%) Apache Cassandra
11 141 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
12 112 (1.05%) RDBMS
13 111 (1.04%) SQL Server 2012
14 110 (1.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 104 (0.98%) Oracle Database
16 92 (0.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 90 (0.84%) Blockchain
18 87 (0.82%) Redis
19 81 (0.76%) Power BI
20 72 (0.68%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 3,335 (31.27%) Selenium
2 1,734 (16.26%) Git (software)
3 1,641 (15.39%) Jenkins
4 1,604 (15.04%) Cucumber
5 1,541 (14.45%) JIRA
6 1,056 (9.90%) WebDriver
7 666 (6.24%) SoapUI
8 636 (5.96%) SpecFlow
9 556 (5.21%) Visual Studio
10 552 (5.18%) Team Foundation Server
11 538 (5.04%) JUnit
12 515 (4.83%) JMeter
13 500 (4.69%) TeamCity
14 402 (3.77%) Maven
15 357 (3.35%) Appium
16 346 (3.24%) Subversion
17 313 (2.93%) NUnit
18 253 (2.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 251 (2.35%) HP UFT
20 228 (2.14%) Protractor
General
1 2,196 (20.59%) Finance
2 645 (6.05%) Banking
3 554 (5.19%) Retail
4 316 (2.96%) Games
5 295 (2.77%) Marketing
6 259 (2.43%) Telecoms
7 218 (2.04%) Manufacturing
8 213 (2.00%) Electronics
9 126 (1.18%) Law
10 95 (0.89%) Advertising
11 94 (0.88%) Investment Banking
12 85 (0.80%) Back Office
13 83 (0.78%) Front Office
14 71 (0.67%) Financial Institution
15 67 (0.63%) Publishing
16 59 (0.55%) Legal
17 49 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
18 39 (0.37%) Automotive
19 37 (0.35%) Aerospace
20 35 (0.33%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 3,114 (29.20%) Developer
2 1,549 (14.52%) Test Engineer
3 1,470 (13.78%) Tester
4 1,304 (12.23%) Analyst
5 1,097 (10.29%) Test Analyst
6 868 (8.14%) Automation Tester
7 857 (8.03%) QA Engineer
8 803 (7.53%) Test Automation Engineer
9 733 (6.87%) Software Engineer
10 630 (5.91%) Java Developer
11 580 (5.44%) Senior Developer
12 571 (5.35%) Software Developer
13 543 (5.09%) Developer in Test
14 531 (4.98%) C# Developer
15 525 (4.92%) .NET Developer
16 459 (4.30%) Software Test Engineer
17 418 (3.92%) Automation Test Analyst
18 376 (3.53%) Software Tester
19 359 (3.37%) DevOps Engineer
20 354 (3.32%) QA Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,009 (18.84%) .NET
2 1,428 (13.39%) HTML
3 1,252 (11.74%) CSS
4 1,189 (11.15%) Web Services
5 1,095 (10.27%) AngularJS
6 1,094 (10.26%) REST
7 789 (7.40%) Node.js
8 771 (7.23%) React
9 694 (6.51%) RESTful
10 681 (6.38%) XML
11 648 (6.08%) ASP.NET
12 619 (5.80%) JSON
13 574 (5.38%) SOAP
14 571 (5.35%) Gherkin
15 559 (5.24%) HTML5
16 550 (5.16%) Spring
17 472 (4.43%) ASP.NET Web API
18 470 (4.41%) .NET Framework
19 462 (4.33%) jQuery
20 323 (3.03%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 763 (7.15%) Analytical Skills
2 560 (5.25%) Fintech
3 550 (5.16%) Mobile App
4 492 (4.61%) User Experience
5 396 (3.71%) Self-Motivation
6 343 (3.22%) Greenfield Project
7 331 (3.10%) Algorithms
8 226 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
9 187 (1.75%) Management Information System
10 142 (1.33%) Cloud Native
11 130 (1.22%) Public Cloud
12 129 (1.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 125 (1.17%) Virtual Team
14 122 (1.14%) Data Structures
15 121 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
16 85 (0.80%) Fixed Income
17 82 (0.77%) Derivative
17 82 (0.77%) Equities
18 77 (0.72%) Client/Server
19 70 (0.66%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 1,361 (12.76%) Linux
2 860 (8.06%) Windows
3 428 (4.01%) Android
4 371 (3.48%) Unix
5 337 (3.16%) Apple iOS
6 111 (1.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 92 (0.86%) Windows Server
8 66 (0.62%) Ubuntu
9 55 (0.52%) CentOS
10 28 (0.26%) Mesosphere
11 22 (0.21%) Mac OS
11 22 (0.21%) VMS
11 22 (0.21%) Windows Phone
12 20 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 20 (0.19%) Windows Server 2012
13 15 (0.14%) Windows 10
14 14 (0.13%) FreeRTOS
15 13 (0.12%) Windows 7
16 12 (0.11%) Debian
16 12 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,866 (64.37%) Agile Software Development
2 2,457 (23.04%) Continuous Integration
3 2,203 (20.65%) TDD
4 2,197 (20.60%) Scrum
5 1,998 (18.73%) BDD
6 1,820 (17.06%) Software Engineering
7 1,737 (16.29%) DevOps
8 1,366 (12.81%) Software Testing
9 1,217 (11.41%) Test Scripting
10 1,180 (11.06%) Microservices
11 1,127 (10.57%) SDLC
12 1,111 (10.42%) Problem-Solving
13 1,085 (10.17%) Manual Testing
14 1,057 (9.91%) Computer Science
15 1,019 (9.55%) Test Strategy
16 916 (8.59%) OO
17 912 (8.55%) Mentoring
18 887 (8.32%) Regression Testing
19 877 (8.22%) Continuous Delivery
20 824 (7.73%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,920 (36.75%) Java
2 3,383 (31.72%) C#
3 2,843 (26.65%) SQL
4 2,707 (25.38%) JavaScript
5 1,951 (18.29%) Python
6 679 (6.37%) Ruby
7 653 (6.12%) C++
8 531 (4.98%) PHP
9 419 (3.93%) C
10 412 (3.86%) PowerShell
11 381 (3.57%) Bash Shell
12 300 (2.81%) T-SQL
13 276 (2.59%) Go
14 254 (2.38%) Scala
15 213 (2.00%) TypeScript
16 199 (1.87%) Java 8
17 175 (1.64%) Perl
18 167 (1.57%) ES6
19 158 (1.48%) Shell Script
20 148 (1.39%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 1,605 (15.05%) Degree
2 876 (8.21%) ISTQB
3 590 (5.53%) ISEB
4 460 (4.31%) Computer Science Degree
5 394 (3.69%) Security Cleared
6 333 (3.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 256 (2.40%) SC Cleared
8 123 (1.15%) DV Cleared
9 52 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
10 47 (0.44%) CISSP
11 39 (0.37%) Master's Degree
12 35 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
13 29 (0.27%) MCSE
14 28 (0.26%) PhD
15 25 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
15 25 (0.23%) GIAC
15 25 (0.23%) HND
16 23 (0.22%) PMI Certification
17 18 (0.17%) OSCP
18 17 (0.16%) CREST Certified
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3,368 (31.58%) QA
2 49 (0.46%) GDPR
3 46 (0.43%) PSD2
4 45 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 44 (0.41%) PMO
6 22 (0.21%) DICOM
6 22 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 20 (0.19%) ISO 9001
8 17 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 15 (0.14%) ISO 9000
10 12 (0.11%) ISO 20022
10 12 (0.11%) ISO 8583
11 11 (0.10%) SLA
11 11 (0.10%) WCAG
12 8 (0.075%) Def Stans
13 7 (0.066%) SEPA
14 6 (0.056%) MiFID
15 4 (0.038%) JSP 440
16 3 (0.028%) Cyber Essentials
16 3 (0.028%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 937 (8.78%) Docker
2 147 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 104 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 48 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
5 32 (0.30%) Firmware
6 29 (0.27%) Hyper-V
6 29 (0.27%) vSphere
7 24 (0.23%) oVirt
7 24 (0.23%) RHEV
8 21 (0.20%) VirtualBox
9 20 (0.19%) Varnish
10 17 (0.16%) Xen
11 15 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 9 (0.084%) HDFS
13 8 (0.075%) Apache Flume
14 7 (0.066%) KVM
15 6 (0.056%) XenDesktop
16 5 (0.047%) Squid
16 5 (0.047%) XenApp
17 4 (0.038%) VMware Server
Systems Management
1 447 (4.19%) Puppet
2 442 (4.14%) Kubernetes
3 429 (4.02%) Ansible
4 306 (2.87%) Opscode Chef
5 294 (2.76%) Terraform
6 208 (1.95%) HP Quality Center
7 138 (1.29%) HP ALM
8 69 (0.65%) Prometheus
9 47 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
10 46 (0.43%) Packer
10 46 (0.43%) Salt
11 41 (0.38%) Kibana
12 36 (0.34%) Automic
13 34 (0.32%) Consul
13 34 (0.32%) Nagios
14 30 (0.28%) Grafana
15 29 (0.27%) Mesos
16 28 (0.26%) ZABBIX
17 20 (0.19%) logstash
18 19 (0.18%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,085 (10.17%) Microsoft
2 664 (6.23%) Oracle
3 313 (2.93%) Google
4 230 (2.16%) SAP
5 228 (2.14%) HP
6 173 (1.62%) Atlassian
7 141 (1.32%) WorldPay
8 132 (1.24%) IBM
9 113 (1.06%) VMware
10 76 (0.71%) Splunk
11 69 (0.65%) Salesforce.com
12 68 (0.64%) Cadence
12 68 (0.64%) Red Hat
13 62 (0.58%) Cognizant
14 60 (0.56%) Xamarin
15 51 (0.48%) Tableau
16 49 (0.46%) Charles River
17 44 (0.41%) TIBCO
18 42 (0.39%) New Relic
19 41 (0.38%) Apple