Period
to 13 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 13 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
13 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 31 29 37
Rank change year-on-year -2 +8 +6
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 9,123 11,442 11,374
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.63% 7.03% 6.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.20% 7.65% 6.87%
Number of salaries quoted 7,118 9,048 8,965
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £50,000
10th Percentile £32,374 £32,338 £31,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 126,632 149,567 165,598
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.06% 91.83% 92.23%
Number of salaries quoted 100,067 119,094 130,969
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 13 November 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 13 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8,394 £52,500 +3.96% 1,385
UK excluding London +1 5,710 £45,000 - 1,088
London -11 3,261 £65,000 +4.00% 409
South East -2 1,603 £50,000 +3.09% 276
North of England +6 1,412 £45,000 - 292
South West +11 870 £45,000 +1.06% 134
North West +4 760 £45,000 +5.88% 123
Midlands -2 696 £42,750 +0.59% 126
Yorkshire -7 555 £45,000 - 126
East of England +11 527 £52,000 +9.47% 149
West Midlands +2 370 £42,500 -5.56% 78
Scotland -9 361 £45,000 - 73
East Midlands -2 320 £45,000 +5.88% 47
Wales +8 207 £40,000 - 31
North East +5 96 £39,000 -19.59% 43
Northern Ireland +5 49 £45,000 -14.29% 8

For the 6 months to 13 November 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 5,558 (60.92%) Agile Software Development
2 3,132 (34.33%) Java
3 2,930 (32.12%) Selenium
4 2,871 (31.47%) C#
5 2,644 (28.98%) QA
6 2,177 (23.86%) SQL
7 2,112 (23.15%) JavaScript
8 2,082 (22.82%) Scrum
9 2,045 (22.42%) DevOps
10 1,812 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
11 1,806 (19.80%) TDD
12 1,766 (19.36%) BDD
13 1,709 (18.73%) .NET
14 1,706 (18.70%) Python
15 1,568 (17.19%) Azure
16 1,525 (16.72%) Finance
17 1,482 (16.24%) Software Engineering
18 1,452 (15.92%) AWS
19 1,442 (15.81%) Git (software)
20 1,435 (15.73%) JIRA
21 1,299 (14.24%) Jenkins
22 1,260 (13.81%) Cucumber
23 1,203 (13.19%) SDLC
24 1,096 (12.01%) Software Testing
25 1,083 (11.87%) Degree
26 1,050 (11.51%) Docker
27 1,033 (11.32%) Linux
28 1,019 (11.17%) HTML
28 1,019 (11.17%) Microsoft
29 1,009 (11.06%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 531 (5.82%) Confluence
2 148 (1.62%) Apache Spark
3 146 (1.60%) Apache
4 132 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
5 120 (1.32%) SharePoint
6 91 (1.00%) CMS
7 76 (0.83%) IIS
7 76 (0.83%) Tomcat
8 62 (0.68%) nginx
9 61 (0.67%) WebSphere
10 50 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
11 41 (0.45%) OpenStack
12 38 (0.42%) SAS
13 34 (0.37%) NServiceBus
14 32 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
15 31 (0.34%) WordPress
16 29 (0.32%) JBoss
16 29 (0.32%) WebSphere Application Server
17 26 (0.28%) Drupal
18 21 (0.23%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 109 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
2 52 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
3 27 (0.30%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
6 13 (0.14%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 6 (0.066%) Photoshop
9 5 (0.055%) Adobe Illustrator
9 5 (0.055%) InfoPath
9 5 (0.055%) SPSS
10 4 (0.044%) Gliffy
10 4 (0.044%) Sketch
10 4 (0.044%) Zeplin
11 3 (0.033%) Adobe Premiere
11 3 (0.033%) CATIA
12 2 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 2 (0.022%) FileZilla
13 1 (0.011%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.011%) Figma
Business Applications
1 100 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 69 (0.76%) Payment Gateway
3 26 (0.28%) Magento
4 23 (0.25%) SAP ERP
5 11 (0.12%) SAP S/4HANA
6 10 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
7 8 (0.088%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.088%) SAP HR
7 8 (0.088%) SAP WM
8 5 (0.055%) FastStats
8 5 (0.055%) RMDS
9 4 (0.044%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.044%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.033%) Dynamics AX
10 3 (0.033%) ENOVIA
10 3 (0.033%) ION MarketView
10 3 (0.033%) Oracle EBS R12
10 3 (0.033%) Oracle ERP
10 3 (0.033%) Oracle Financials
10 3 (0.033%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,568 (17.19%) Azure
2 1,452 (15.92%) AWS
3 351 (3.85%) GCP
4 336 (3.68%) SaaS
5 292 (3.20%) Serverless
6 253 (2.77%) GitHub
7 198 (2.17%) PaaS
8 159 (1.74%) AWS CloudFormation
9 139 (1.52%) AWS Lambda
10 111 (1.22%) Cloud Computing
11 105 (1.15%) Slack
12 102 (1.12%) BrowserStack
13 92 (1.01%) IaaS
14 73 (0.80%) Power Platform
15 71 (0.78%) OpenShift
16 68 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
17 64 (0.70%) Amazon S3
18 52 (0.57%) Office 365
19 50 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
20 49 (0.54%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 135 (1.48%) HTTP
2 126 (1.38%) Internet
3 110 (1.21%) TCP/IP
4 79 (0.87%) Firewall
5 50 (0.55%) DNS
6 37 (0.41%) VPN
6 37 (0.41%) Wireless
7 36 (0.39%) SSH
8 32 (0.35%) HTTPS
9 26 (0.28%) Skype
10 23 (0.25%) MPLS
10 23 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
10 23 (0.25%) Wireshark
11 21 (0.23%) SNMP
12 20 (0.22%) IPsec
13 19 (0.21%) SSL
14 18 (0.20%) DHCP
15 16 (0.18%) BGP
15 16 (0.18%) Broadband
16 15 (0.16%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 892 (9.78%) SQL Server
2 365 (4.00%) MySQL
3 347 (3.80%) NoSQL
4 287 (3.15%) Big Data
5 281 (3.08%) Relational Database
6 264 (2.89%) MongoDB
7 229 (2.51%) PostgreSQL
8 166 (1.82%) Data Warehouse
9 133 (1.46%) Redis
10 119 (1.30%) Hadoop
11 111 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 88 (0.96%) Apache Cassandra
13 84 (0.92%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 82 (0.90%) Azure SQL Database
15 73 (0.80%) Power BI
16 69 (0.76%) Apache Hive
17 63 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 59 (0.65%) RDBMS
19 57 (0.62%) Oracle Database
20 56 (0.61%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 2,930 (32.12%) Selenium
2 1,442 (15.81%) Git (software)
3 1,435 (15.73%) JIRA
4 1,299 (14.24%) Jenkins
5 1,260 (13.81%) Cucumber
6 985 (10.80%) WebDriver
7 676 (7.41%) SpecFlow
8 445 (4.88%) SoapUI
9 440 (4.82%) JMeter
10 410 (4.49%) JUnit
11 398 (4.36%) Maven
12 396 (4.34%) Team Foundation Server
13 375 (4.11%) TeamCity
14 338 (3.70%) Visual Studio
15 325 (3.56%) Appium
16 272 (2.98%) Bitbucket
17 230 (2.52%) NUnit
18 222 (2.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 212 (2.32%) Visual Studio Team System
20 200 (2.19%) Subversion
General
1 1,525 (16.72%) Finance
2 464 (5.09%) Banking
3 435 (4.77%) Retail
4 315 (3.45%) Public Sector
5 264 (2.89%) Games
6 204 (2.24%) Marketing
7 196 (2.15%) Telecoms
8 131 (1.44%) Electronics
9 122 (1.34%) Manufacturing
10 118 (1.29%) Front Office
11 106 (1.16%) Advertising
12 90 (0.99%) Legal
13 70 (0.77%) Law
14 62 (0.68%) Investment Banking
15 43 (0.47%) Aerospace
15 43 (0.47%) Financial Institution
16 37 (0.41%) Automotive
17 30 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
18 29 (0.32%) Back Office
19 25 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,431 (26.65%) Developer
2 1,235 (13.54%) Test Engineer
3 1,139 (12.48%) Analyst
4 1,054 (11.55%) Tester
5 874 (9.58%) Test Analyst
6 749 (8.21%) Software Engineer
7 701 (7.68%) QA Engineer
8 566 (6.20%) Senior Developer
9 557 (6.11%) Test Automation Engineer
10 511 (5.60%) Automation Tester
11 501 (5.49%) Software Developer
12 434 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
13 383 (4.20%) Java Developer
14 369 (4.04%) .NET Developer
15 364 (3.99%) Developer in Test
16 350 (3.84%) Test Leader
17 326 (3.57%) C# Developer
18 325 (3.56%) Automation Test Analyst
19 306 (3.35%) Software Test Engineer
20 284 (3.11%) Senior Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,709 (18.73%) .NET
2 1,019 (11.17%) HTML
3 962 (10.54%) REST
4 942 (10.33%) CSS
5 941 (10.31%) Web Services
6 780 (8.55%) React
7 732 (8.02%) AngularJS
8 686 (7.52%) Node.js
9 546 (5.98%) RESTful
10 463 (5.08%) SOAP
11 460 (5.04%) Spring
12 442 (4.84%) Gherkin
13 426 (4.67%) .NET Framework
14 412 (4.52%) ASP.NET
15 392 (4.30%) XML
16 384 (4.21%) JSON
17 336 (3.68%) .NET Core
18 313 (3.43%) jQuery
19 308 (3.38%) HTML5
20 302 (3.31%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 626 (6.86%) Analytical Skills
2 588 (6.45%) Mobile App
3 502 (5.50%) User Experience
4 381 (4.18%) Greenfield Project
5 290 (3.18%) Self-Motivation
6 200 (2.19%) Algorithms
7 157 (1.72%) Enterprise Software
8 134 (1.47%) Public Cloud
9 121 (1.33%) Virtual Team
10 116 (1.27%) Cloud Native
11 95 (1.04%) Management Information System
12 90 (0.99%) Data Structures
13 87 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
14 67 (0.73%) Embedded Systems
14 67 (0.73%) Equities
15 63 (0.69%) Data Centre
16 58 (0.64%) Fixed Income
17 57 (0.62%) Robotics
18 56 (0.61%) Derivative
19 52 (0.57%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,033 (11.32%) Linux
2 643 (7.05%) Windows
3 419 (4.59%) Android
4 364 (3.99%) Apple iOS
5 264 (2.89%) Unix
6 78 (0.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 77 (0.84%) CentOS
8 70 (0.77%) Windows Server
9 55 (0.60%) Ubuntu
10 48 (0.53%) Mac OS
11 21 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
12 20 (0.22%) Debian
13 19 (0.21%) zOS
14 18 (0.20%) Mac OS X
15 17 (0.19%) Mesosphere
16 16 (0.18%) Windows 10
17 14 (0.15%) Embedded Linux
17 14 (0.15%) SUSE
18 12 (0.13%) Kali Linux
19 11 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,558 (60.92%) Agile Software Development
2 2,082 (22.82%) Scrum
3 2,045 (22.42%) DevOps
4 1,812 (19.86%) Continuous Integration
5 1,806 (19.80%) TDD
6 1,766 (19.36%) BDD
7 1,482 (16.24%) Software Engineering
8 1,203 (13.19%) SDLC
9 1,096 (12.01%) Software Testing
10 1,009 (11.06%) Test Scripting
11 994 (10.90%) Manual Testing
12 926 (10.15%) Mentoring
13 924 (10.13%) Problem-Solving
14 886 (9.71%) Microservices
15 822 (9.01%) Test Strategy
16 747 (8.19%) Computer Science
17 681 (7.46%) API Testing
18 665 (7.29%) Regression Testing
19 661 (7.25%) OO
20 655 (7.18%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,132 (34.33%) Java
2 2,871 (31.47%) C#
3 2,177 (23.86%) SQL
4 2,112 (23.15%) JavaScript
5 1,706 (18.70%) Python
6 524 (5.74%) Ruby
7 479 (5.25%) C++
8 410 (4.49%) PHP
9 353 (3.87%) PowerShell
10 336 (3.68%) C
11 301 (3.30%) Bash Shell
12 287 (3.15%) TypeScript
13 234 (2.56%) Go
14 206 (2.26%) Java 8
14 206 (2.26%) Scala
15 190 (2.08%) T-SQL
16 139 (1.52%) Shell Script
17 129 (1.41%) Perl
18 112 (1.23%) ES6
19 108 (1.18%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 1,083 (11.87%) Degree
2 828 (9.08%) ISTQB
3 491 (5.38%) ISEB
4 378 (4.14%) Computer Science Degree
5 359 (3.94%) Security Cleared
6 310 (3.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 191 (2.09%) SC Cleared
8 94 (1.03%) DV Cleared
9 43 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
10 42 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
11 35 (0.38%) CCNA
12 34 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 31 (0.34%) CISSP
14 29 (0.32%) MCSE
15 22 (0.24%) HND
15 22 (0.24%) SANS
16 21 (0.23%) CCNP
16 21 (0.23%) Master's Degree
17 19 (0.21%) PMI Certification
18 17 (0.19%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,644 (28.98%) QA
2 57 (0.62%) Data Quality
3 41 (0.45%) GDPR
4 22 (0.24%) DICOM
5 19 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.14%) PSD2
7 10 (0.11%) NIST
8 8 (0.088%) ISO 9001
9 7 (0.077%) PMO
9 7 (0.077%) TickIT
10 6 (0.066%) EMIR
10 6 (0.066%) PCI DSS
11 5 (0.055%) MiFID
11 5 (0.055%) SLA
11 5 (0.055%) WCAG
12 4 (0.044%) HL7
12 4 (0.044%) JTAG
13 3 (0.033%) WAI
14 2 (0.022%) GAMP
14 2 (0.022%) SEPA
System Software
1 1,050 (11.51%) Docker
2 69 (0.76%) Active Directory
3 59 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
4 48 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
5 47 (0.52%) Firmware
6 31 (0.34%) Varnish
7 24 (0.26%) Hyper-V
8 22 (0.24%) VirtualBox
9 20 (0.22%) HDFS
9 20 (0.22%) vSphere
10 14 (0.15%) Xen
11 13 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
12 11 (0.12%) NFS
13 10 (0.11%) Samba
13 10 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
14 9 (0.099%) oVirt
15 8 (0.088%) RHEV
16 7 (0.077%) LXC
16 7 (0.077%) OpenSSH
17 6 (0.066%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 637 (6.98%) Kubernetes
2 414 (4.54%) Terraform
3 391 (4.29%) Ansible
4 373 (4.09%) Puppet
5 289 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
6 151 (1.66%) HP Quality Center
7 67 (0.73%) HP ALM
8 66 (0.72%) Packer
9 56 (0.61%) Nagios
10 54 (0.59%) ZABBIX
11 41 (0.45%) Prometheus
12 40 (0.44%) Kibana
13 34 (0.37%) Mesos
14 28 (0.31%) CA Service Virtualization
14 28 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
15 26 (0.28%) Salt
16 25 (0.27%) HP SiteScope
16 25 (0.27%) Marathon
17 23 (0.25%) SCCM
18 21 (0.23%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,019 (11.17%) Microsoft
2 379 (4.15%) Oracle
3 283 (3.10%) Google
4 196 (2.15%) WorldPay
5 181 (1.98%) Atlassian
6 179 (1.96%) SAP
7 147 (1.61%) HP
8 132 (1.45%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 87 (0.95%) IBM
10 73 (0.80%) VMware
11 64 (0.70%) Red Hat
12 60 (0.66%) Xamarin
13 57 (0.62%) Salesforce.com
14 56 (0.61%) Tableau
15 53 (0.58%) Splunk
16 45 (0.49%) Sitecore
17 44 (0.48%) Perforce
18 40 (0.44%) Facebook
19 38 (0.42%) CA
19 38 (0.42%) Informatica