Period
to 16 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 16 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 30 31 33
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +13
Permanent jobs citing Test Automation 9,899 12,078 11,261
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.79% 6.86% 6.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.38% 7.47% 6.90%
Number of salaries quoted 7,465 9,386 9,177
UK median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £77,500 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 134,174 161,755 163,197
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.02% 91.91% 91.92%
Number of salaries quoted 105,637 129,418 131,750
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +3.09% +2.11%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,790
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £79,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Salary trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 16 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 9,031 £52,000 +4.00% 1,463
UK excluding London +3 6,049 £45,000 - 1,102
London -3 3,708 £62,500 +4.17% 478
South East +3 1,741 £47,500 +2.15% 274
North of England 0 1,488 £45,000 +2.27% 269
North West +8 871 £47,500 +11.76% 146
South West -1 786 £45,000 +1.06% 137
Midlands +4 759 £42,500 - 181
Scotland +5 537 £45,000 - 59
East of England +7 520 £52,000 +15.56% 125
Yorkshire -25 505 £42,500 -5.56% 94
West Midlands +1 396 £42,500 - 111
East Midlands +2 361 £42,500 - 70
Wales +4 179 £36,500 -7.13% 48
North East +20 108 £40,000 -5.88% 29
Northern Ireland -4 47 £45,000 +16.13% 9

For the 6 months to 16 July 2019, IT jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 6,241 (63.05%) Agile Software Development
2 3,499 (35.35%) Java
3 3,138 (31.70%) C#
4 3,116 (31.48%) Selenium
5 3,040 (30.71%) QA
6 2,538 (25.64%) SQL
7 2,280 (23.03%) JavaScript
8 2,235 (22.58%) Continuous Integration
9 2,170 (21.92%) Scrum
10 2,083 (21.04%) DevOps
11 2,052 (20.73%) TDD
12 2,019 (20.40%) Finance
13 1,895 (19.14%) .NET
14 1,870 (18.89%) BDD
15 1,839 (18.58%) Python
16 1,705 (17.22%) Software Engineering
17 1,679 (16.96%) Git (software)
18 1,674 (16.91%) Amazon AWS
19 1,546 (15.62%) Jenkins
20 1,526 (15.42%) Cucumber
21 1,513 (15.28%) JIRA
22 1,511 (15.26%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,348 (13.62%) Degree
24 1,328 (13.42%) SDLC
25 1,258 (12.71%) Software Testing
26 1,167 (11.79%) Linux
27 1,144 (11.56%) Test Scripting
28 1,142 (11.54%) SQL Server
29 1,114 (11.25%) HTML
30 1,113 (11.24%) Mentoring

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 474 (4.79%) Confluence
2 156 (1.58%) SharePoint
3 146 (1.47%) Elasticsearch
4 124 (1.25%) IIS
5 118 (1.19%) Apache
6 111 (1.12%) Apache Spark
7 105 (1.06%) Tomcat
8 76 (0.77%) WebSphere
9 73 (0.74%) nginx
10 69 (0.70%) CMS
11 58 (0.59%) NServiceBus
12 54 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
13 53 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
14 50 (0.51%) JBoss
15 40 (0.40%) OpenStack
16 32 (0.32%) WordPress
17 28 (0.28%) WebLogic
18 25 (0.25%) Drupal
18 25 (0.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 25 (0.25%) SAS
Applications
1 99 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
2 78 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
3 42 (0.42%) Chatbot
4 22 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
5 15 (0.15%) SPSS
6 12 (0.12%) InfoPath
7 10 (0.10%) MS Visio
8 7 (0.071%) AutoCAD
9 6 (0.061%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.061%) InVision
9 6 (0.061%) Sketch
10 5 (0.051%) CATIA
11 4 (0.040%) FileZilla
11 4 (0.040%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.040%) Zeplin
12 3 (0.030%) ArchiCAD
12 3 (0.030%) MicroStation
12 3 (0.030%) Mingle
12 3 (0.030%) Revit
Business Applications
1 127 (1.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 41 (0.41%) Payment Gateway
3 23 (0.23%) SAP ERP
4 20 (0.20%) Magento
5 15 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
6 10 (0.10%) Misys Midas
7 9 (0.091%) Dynamics AX
7 9 (0.091%) Oracle EBS
7 9 (0.091%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 9 (0.091%) thinkFolio
8 8 (0.081%) Fredhopper
9 7 (0.071%) Oracle ERP
10 5 (0.051%) ENOVIA
10 5 (0.051%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.051%) Temenos T24
11 4 (0.040%) FastStats
11 4 (0.040%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 4 (0.040%) Siebel CRM
12 3 (0.030%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,674 (16.91%) Amazon AWS
2 1,511 (15.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 391 (3.95%) SaaS
4 374 (3.78%) Google Cloud Platform
5 249 (2.52%) Serverless
6 241 (2.43%) GitHub
7 223 (2.25%) Cloud Computing
8 204 (2.06%) PaaS
9 143 (1.44%) AWS CloudFormation
10 138 (1.39%) AWS Lambda
11 131 (1.32%) Office 365
12 113 (1.14%) G Suite
13 112 (1.13%) IaaS
14 91 (0.92%) Amazon S3
15 89 (0.90%) Amazon EC2
16 85 (0.86%) Power Platform
17 84 (0.85%) npm
18 73 (0.74%) BrowserStack
19 71 (0.72%) OpenShift
20 56 (0.57%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 191 (1.93%) HTTP
2 163 (1.65%) Broadband
3 130 (1.31%) TCP/IP
4 81 (0.82%) Internet
5 77 (0.78%) Firewall
6 65 (0.66%) DNS
7 44 (0.44%) SSH
8 41 (0.41%) VPN
9 34 (0.34%) Wireless
10 32 (0.32%) HTTPS
11 24 (0.24%) Network Security
12 23 (0.23%) RTMP
13 21 (0.21%) VLAN
14 20 (0.20%) MPLS
14 20 (0.20%) SNMP
14 20 (0.20%) Wireshark
15 18 (0.18%) DHCP
16 17 (0.17%) Skype
17 16 (0.16%) IPsec
17 16 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,142 (11.54%) SQL Server
2 484 (4.89%) NoSQL
3 457 (4.62%) MySQL
4 401 (4.05%) Relational Database
5 315 (3.18%) Big Data
6 285 (2.88%) MongoDB
7 216 (2.18%) PostgreSQL
8 172 (1.74%) Data Warehouse
9 145 (1.46%) Hadoop
10 121 (1.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 111 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
12 107 (1.08%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 103 (1.04%) Redis
14 95 (0.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 90 (0.91%) RDBMS
16 85 (0.86%) Power BI
17 74 (0.75%) Blockchain
18 73 (0.74%) Data Lake
19 67 (0.68%) Amazon RDS
19 67 (0.68%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 3,116 (31.48%) Selenium
2 1,679 (16.96%) Git (software)
3 1,546 (15.62%) Jenkins
4 1,526 (15.42%) Cucumber
5 1,513 (15.28%) JIRA
6 1,037 (10.48%) WebDriver
7 683 (6.90%) SpecFlow
8 641 (6.48%) SoapUI
9 487 (4.92%) Team Foundation Server
10 454 (4.59%) Visual Studio
11 450 (4.55%) JMeter
12 447 (4.52%) Maven
13 446 (4.51%) TeamCity
14 423 (4.27%) JUnit
15 382 (3.86%) Appium
16 297 (3.00%) Subversion
17 270 (2.73%) Visual Studio Team System
18 250 (2.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 232 (2.34%) NUnit
20 217 (2.19%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 2,019 (20.40%) Finance
2 575 (5.81%) Retail
3 527 (5.32%) Banking
4 308 (3.11%) Marketing
5 281 (2.84%) Telecoms
6 272 (2.75%) Games
7 183 (1.85%) Electronics
8 181 (1.83%) Manufacturing
9 123 (1.24%) Law
10 115 (1.16%) Front Office
11 94 (0.95%) Advertising
12 76 (0.77%) Financial Institution
13 66 (0.67%) Investment Banking
13 66 (0.67%) Legal
14 62 (0.63%) Aerospace
15 53 (0.54%) Back Office
16 44 (0.44%) Billing
17 33 (0.33%) Automotive
18 32 (0.32%) Publishing
19 28 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 2,968 (29.98%) Developer
2 1,378 (13.92%) Test Engineer
3 1,144 (11.56%) Tester
4 1,113 (11.24%) Analyst
5 880 (8.89%) Test Analyst
6 765 (7.73%) QA Engineer
7 722 (7.29%) Test Automation Engineer
8 711 (7.18%) Software Engineer
9 660 (6.67%) Automation Tester
10 641 (6.48%) Senior Developer
11 594 (6.00%) Software Developer
12 540 (5.46%) Java Developer
13 482 (4.87%) C# Developer
14 465 (4.70%) Developer in Test
15 463 (4.68%) DevOps Engineer
16 435 (4.39%) .NET Developer
17 354 (3.58%) Software Test Engineer
18 341 (3.44%) Automation Test Analyst
19 334 (3.37%) Test Leader
20 298 (3.01%) QA Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,895 (19.14%) .NET
2 1,114 (11.25%) HTML
3 1,047 (10.58%) CSS
4 1,012 (10.22%) Web Services
5 943 (9.53%) REST
6 902 (9.11%) AngularJS
7 820 (8.28%) React
8 819 (8.27%) Node.js
9 700 (7.07%) RESTful
10 530 (5.35%) Spring
11 528 (5.33%) SOAP
12 500 (5.05%) JSON
13 491 (4.96%) .NET Framework
13 491 (4.96%) XML
14 488 (4.93%) ASP.NET
15 481 (4.86%) Gherkin
16 393 (3.97%) HTML5
17 367 (3.71%) ASP.NET Web API
18 331 (3.34%) .NET Core
19 293 (2.96%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 717 (7.24%) Analytical Skills
2 632 (6.38%) Mobile App
3 527 (5.32%) User Experience
4 365 (3.69%) Self-Motivation
5 316 (3.19%) Greenfield Project
6 280 (2.83%) Algorithms
7 235 (2.37%) Enterprise Software
8 153 (1.55%) Cloud Native
9 149 (1.51%) Data Structures
10 148 (1.50%) Virtual Team
11 146 (1.47%) Public Cloud
12 138 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
13 124 (1.25%) Management Information System
14 98 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 82 (0.83%) Client/Server
16 76 (0.77%) Fixed Income
17 62 (0.63%) N-Tier
18 58 (0.59%) Data Centre
19 54 (0.55%) Robotics
20 48 (0.48%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 1,167 (11.79%) Linux
2 831 (8.39%) Windows
3 428 (4.32%) Android
4 343 (3.46%) Apple iOS
5 319 (3.22%) Unix
6 117 (1.18%) Windows Server
7 76 (0.77%) Ubuntu
8 66 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 60 (0.61%) CentOS
10 41 (0.41%) Mac OS
11 37 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.26%) Mesosphere
13 19 (0.19%) Windows 10
14 17 (0.17%) SUSE
15 15 (0.15%) Mac OS X
16 12 (0.12%) Debian
17 9 (0.091%) Fedora
18 8 (0.081%) Oracle Linux
18 8 (0.081%) Windows 7
18 8 (0.081%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,241 (63.05%) Agile Software Development
2 2,235 (22.58%) Continuous Integration
3 2,170 (21.92%) Scrum
4 2,083 (21.04%) DevOps
5 2,052 (20.73%) TDD
6 1,870 (18.89%) BDD
7 1,705 (17.22%) Software Engineering
8 1,328 (13.42%) SDLC
9 1,258 (12.71%) Software Testing
10 1,144 (11.56%) Test Scripting
11 1,113 (11.24%) Mentoring
12 1,109 (11.20%) Manual Testing
13 1,050 (10.61%) Problem-Solving
14 1,012 (10.22%) Microservices
15 976 (9.86%) Test Strategy
16 878 (8.87%) Computer Science
17 856 (8.65%) OO
18 713 (7.20%) Regression Testing
19 707 (7.14%) SDET
20 706 (7.13%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,499 (35.35%) Java
2 3,138 (31.70%) C#
3 2,538 (25.64%) SQL
4 2,280 (23.03%) JavaScript
5 1,839 (18.58%) Python
6 638 (6.45%) Ruby
7 625 (6.31%) C++
8 588 (5.94%) PHP
9 406 (4.10%) C
10 405 (4.09%) PowerShell
11 355 (3.59%) Bash Shell
12 307 (3.10%) T-SQL
13 274 (2.77%) TypeScript
14 257 (2.60%) Go
15 243 (2.45%) Scala
16 191 (1.93%) Java 8
17 162 (1.64%) ES6
18 129 (1.30%) Shell Script
19 123 (1.24%) Perl
20 96 (0.97%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 1,348 (13.62%) Degree
2 906 (9.15%) ISTQB
3 592 (5.98%) ISEB
4 442 (4.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 407 (4.11%) Security Cleared
6 323 (3.26%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 226 (2.28%) SC Cleared
8 135 (1.36%) DV Cleared
9 43 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 38 (0.38%) AWS Certification
11 33 (0.33%) Microsoft Certification
12 26 (0.26%) HND
13 25 (0.25%) Cisco Certification
13 25 (0.25%) Master's Degree
14 24 (0.24%) CCNA
15 20 (0.20%) SANS
16 19 (0.19%) OSCP
17 18 (0.18%) CISSP
17 18 (0.18%) HNC
18 17 (0.17%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3,040 (30.71%) QA
2 56 (0.57%) GDPR
3 39 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 25 (0.25%) DICOM
5 18 (0.18%) ISO 9001
6 17 (0.17%) PSD2
7 16 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 14 (0.14%) PMO
9 12 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 11 (0.11%) SEPA
11 10 (0.10%) ISO 20022
11 10 (0.10%) ISO 8583
12 9 (0.091%) Def Stans
13 8 (0.081%) EMIR
13 8 (0.081%) TickIT
14 7 (0.071%) MiFID
15 5 (0.051%) WAI
15 5 (0.051%) WCAG
16 4 (0.040%) ISO 9000
16 4 (0.040%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,027 (10.37%) Docker
2 110 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 83 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
5 37 (0.37%) Hyper-V
6 36 (0.36%) vSphere
7 32 (0.32%) Firmware
8 30 (0.30%) VirtualBox
9 26 (0.26%) oVirt
9 26 (0.26%) RHEV
9 26 (0.26%) Varnish
10 12 (0.12%) Xen
11 11 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 10 (0.10%) XenDesktop
13 9 (0.091%) GridGain
13 9 (0.091%) NFS
13 9 (0.091%) Samba
14 6 (0.061%) HDFS
14 6 (0.061%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.061%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 644 (6.51%) Kubernetes
2 479 (4.84%) Ansible
3 407 (4.11%) Terraform
4 386 (3.90%) Puppet
5 320 (3.23%) Opscode Chef
6 191 (1.93%) HP Quality Center
7 93 (0.94%) HP ALM
8 66 (0.67%) Packer
9 51 (0.52%) Prometheus
10 49 (0.49%) Nagios
11 46 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
11 46 (0.46%) Kibana
11 46 (0.46%) ZABBIX
12 45 (0.45%) CA Service Virtualization
13 32 (0.32%) SCCM
14 31 (0.31%) Consul
15 26 (0.26%) Automic
16 22 (0.22%) Mesos
17 15 (0.15%) Grafana
17 15 (0.15%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 1,078 (10.89%) Microsoft
2 531 (5.36%) Oracle
3 369 (3.73%) Google
4 210 (2.12%) SAP
5 194 (1.96%) HP
6 168 (1.70%) Atlassian
7 122 (1.23%) WorldPay
8 105 (1.06%) VMware
9 100 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
10 79 (0.80%) Splunk
11 72 (0.73%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 70 (0.71%) IBM
13 69 (0.70%) Tableau
14 59 (0.60%) Nintex
15 58 (0.59%) CA
16 53 (0.54%) Pega
17 50 (0.51%) New Relic
17 50 (0.51%) Sitecore
18 44 (0.44%) Xamarin
19 43 (0.43%) Red Hat