Period
to 12 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for HTML skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited HTML over the 6 months to 12 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

HTML (including XHTML, DHTML & HTML5)
UK
6 months to
12 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 17 18 16
Rank change year-on-year +1 -2 -4
Permanent jobs citing HTML 8,922 10,354 16,808
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.07% 10.50% 11.56%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.16% 26.64% 29.98%
Number of salaries quoted 7,041 8,843 13,878
10th Percentile £30,750 £31,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £34,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £65,000 £61,500
90th Percentile £76,250 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%

HTML is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 35,462 38,862 56,070
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.01% 39.43% 38.56%
Number of salaries quoted 27,576 32,234 46,218
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £38,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £75,000 £71,250
90th Percentile £91,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

HTML
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing HTML as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing HTML.

Salary trend for HTML in the UK

HTML
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing HTML over the 6 months to 12 May 2021.

Salary histogram for HTML in the UK

HTML
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing HTML within the UK over the 6 months to 12 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 7,958 £50,000 - 2,091
UK excluding London -2 5,749 £45,000 - 1,665
London +2 2,629 £65,000 +0.78% 546
Work from Home -4 2,010 £50,000 - 518
South East 0 1,690 £50,000 +5.26% 352
North of England +3 1,317 £42,500 -5.56% 504
Midlands +2 929 £43,000 +1.18% 339
South West +2 924 £45,000 +12.50% 222
North West -1 625 £42,500 -5.56% 267
Yorkshire +6 600 £44,000 +10.00% 174
West Midlands +4 553 £45,000 - 203
Scotland -6 386 £47,500 +5.56% 86
East Midlands +2 375 £40,000 -5.88% 135
East of England -5 300 £45,000 - 122
Wales +4 127 £38,000 +6.29% 32
North East -8 94 £40,500 +1.25% 63
Northern Ireland +3 62 £38,750 -22.50% 9
Isle of Man -1 24 £49,500 +4.21%

For the 6 months to 12 May 2021, IT jobs citing HTML also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for HTML.

1 7,835 (87.82%) CSS
2 7,594 (85.12%) JavaScript
3 3,588 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
4 2,911 (32.63%) C#
5 2,844 (31.88%) HTML5
6 2,643 (29.62%) .NET
7 2,629 (29.47%) React
8 2,477 (27.76%) AngularJS
9 2,464 (27.62%) SQL
10 2,165 (24.27%) Front End Development
11 2,057 (23.06%) Git (software)
12 1,987 (22.27%) PHP
13 1,774 (19.88%) CSS3
14 1,734 (19.44%) Azure
15 1,732 (19.41%) User Experience
16 1,727 (19.36%) MVC
17 1,687 (18.91%) Web Development
18 1,575 (17.65%) SQL Server
19 1,513 (16.96%) Social Skills
20 1,504 (16.86%) jQuery
21 1,497 (16.78%) Java
22 1,488 (16.68%) Node.js
23 1,475 (16.53%) TypeScript
24 1,352 (15.15%) Vue.js
25 1,328 (14.88%) MySQL
26 1,283 (14.38%) Software Engineering
27 1,274 (14.28%) ASP.NET
28 1,200 (13.45%) Scrum
29 1,149 (12.88%) Microsoft
30 1,128 (12.64%) AWS

HTML
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 630 (7.06%) CMS
2 401 (4.49%) WordPress
3 228 (2.56%) Apache
4 207 (2.32%) Confluence
5 178 (2.00%) IIS
6 175 (1.96%) SharePoint
7 151 (1.69%) Elasticsearch
8 124 (1.39%) Drupal
9 111 (1.24%) EPiServer
10 106 (1.19%) Umbraco
11 96 (1.08%) Tomcat
12 80 (0.90%) nginx
12 80 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
13 56 (0.63%) Apache Solr
14 51 (0.57%) Kentico
15 35 (0.39%) JBoss
16 34 (0.38%) Apache Spark
17 30 (0.34%) NServiceBus
18 28 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 27 (0.30%) WebLogic
Applications
1 200 (2.24%) Photoshop
2 171 (1.92%) Sketch
3 127 (1.42%) Adobe Illustrator
4 106 (1.19%) InVision
4 106 (1.19%) Microsoft Office
5 91 (1.02%) Figma
6 78 (0.87%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 67 (0.75%) Adobe XD
8 61 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
9 25 (0.28%) Adobe After Effects
10 20 (0.22%) InDesign
11 19 (0.21%) Chatbot
11 19 (0.21%) UXPin
12 18 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
12 18 (0.20%) MS Visio
13 16 (0.18%) GIMP
13 16 (0.18%) Zeplin
14 13 (0.15%) Adobe Premiere
15 8 (0.090%) CINEMA 4D
15 8 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 200 (2.24%) Magento
2 134 (1.50%) Shopify
3 106 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
4 56 (0.63%) Payment Gateway
5 30 (0.34%) NetSuite
6 25 (0.28%) Remedy ITSM
7 22 (0.25%) OpenCart
8 21 (0.24%) nopCommerce
9 10 (0.11%) WebTrends
10 7 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 6 (0.067%) Social Studio
12 5 (0.056%) Dynamics AX
12 5 (0.056%) Dynamics NAV
13 4 (0.045%) Adobe Campaign
13 4 (0.045%) Bond Adapt
13 4 (0.045%) Eloqua
13 4 (0.045%) Oracle ERP
13 4 (0.045%) SAP ERP
13 4 (0.045%) SAP GTS
14 3 (0.034%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,734 (19.44%) Azure
2 1,128 (12.64%) AWS
3 637 (7.14%) SaaS
4 289 (3.24%) GitHub
5 255 (2.86%) npm
6 252 (2.82%) GCP
7 241 (2.70%) Serverless
8 228 (2.56%) Power Platform
9 133 (1.49%) Dynamics 365
10 129 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
11 124 (1.39%) PowerApps
12 108 (1.21%) Microsoft 365
13 104 (1.17%) Google Analytics
14 103 (1.15%) Amazon S3
15 93 (1.04%) Amazon EC2
16 88 (0.99%) PaaS
17 83 (0.93%) Power Automate
18 81 (0.91%) Azure Functions
19 66 (0.74%) Adobe Creative Cloud
19 66 (0.74%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 161 (1.80%) HTTP
2 127 (1.42%) Internet
3 54 (0.61%) SSL
4 52 (0.58%) DNS
5 49 (0.55%) Wireless
6 44 (0.49%) Intranet
7 35 (0.39%) TCP/IP
8 34 (0.38%) VPN
9 28 (0.31%) Broadband
10 24 (0.27%) Skype
11 23 (0.26%) Firewall
12 22 (0.25%) MQTT
12 22 (0.25%) Network Security
12 22 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
13 20 (0.22%) Bluetooth
13 20 (0.22%) Ethernet
14 19 (0.21%) SSH
15 17 (0.19%) FTP
16 14 (0.16%) Extranet
16 14 (0.16%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,575 (17.65%) SQL Server
2 1,328 (14.88%) MySQL
3 447 (5.01%) NoSQL
4 396 (4.44%) Relational Database
5 348 (3.90%) MongoDB
6 322 (3.61%) PostgreSQL
7 150 (1.68%) Power BI
8 140 (1.57%) Redis
9 123 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 114 (1.28%) Big Data
11 96 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
12 80 (0.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 73 (0.82%) RDBMS
14 64 (0.72%) MariaDB
15 63 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 59 (0.66%) Data Warehouse
16 59 (0.66%) SQL Server 2012
17 58 (0.65%) Amazon RDS
18 43 (0.48%) Tableau
19 42 (0.47%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 2,057 (23.06%) Git (software)
2 479 (5.37%) JIRA
3 440 (4.93%) webpack
4 374 (4.19%) Visual Studio
5 315 (3.53%) Jenkins
6 296 (3.32%) gulp
7 169 (1.89%) Grunt
8 160 (1.79%) Selenium
9 159 (1.78%) Cypress.io
10 149 (1.67%) Bitbucket
11 136 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
12 130 (1.46%) Maven
12 130 (1.46%) Subversion
13 102 (1.14%) JUnit
14 100 (1.12%) Jasmine
15 97 (1.09%) Mocha
16 93 (1.04%) NUnit
17 92 (1.03%) Gradle
18 81 (0.91%) TeamCity
19 79 (0.89%) GitLab
General
1 1,513 (16.96%) Social Skills
2 952 (10.67%) Finance
3 620 (6.95%) Marketing
4 498 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
5 464 (5.20%) Retail
6 351 (3.93%) Games
7 280 (3.14%) Banking
8 263 (2.95%) Public Sector
9 181 (2.03%) Manufacturing
10 138 (1.55%) Organisational Skills
11 136 (1.52%) Publishing
12 117 (1.31%) Advertising
13 115 (1.29%) Law
14 110 (1.23%) Multimedia
15 99 (1.11%) Telecoms
16 83 (0.93%) Automotive
17 69 (0.77%) Legal
18 66 (0.74%) Electronics
19 65 (0.73%) Back Office
20 55 (0.62%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 6,703 (75.13%) Developer
2 1,459 (16.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1,437 (16.11%) Senior Developer
4 1,005 (11.26%) Full Stack Developer
5 986 (11.05%) .NET Developer
6 824 (9.24%) PHP Developer
7 813 (9.11%) Software Developer
8 692 (7.76%) React Developer
9 638 (7.15%) Web Developer
10 631 (7.07%) C# Developer
11 549 (6.15%) Software Engineer
12 527 (5.91%) JavaScript Developer
13 458 (5.13%) C# .NET Developer
14 369 (4.14%) Java Developer
15 347 (3.89%) Senior Front-End Developer
16 317 (3.55%) Angular Developer
17 310 (3.47%) Lead Developer
18 292 (3.27%) Junior
19 246 (2.76%) .NET Software Developer
20 244 (2.73%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,835 (87.82%) CSS
2 2,844 (31.88%) HTML5
3 2,643 (29.62%) .NET
4 2,629 (29.47%) React
5 2,477 (27.76%) AngularJS
6 1,774 (19.88%) CSS3
7 1,504 (16.86%) jQuery
8 1,488 (16.68%) Node.js
9 1,352 (15.15%) Vue.js
10 1,274 (14.28%) ASP.NET
11 1,080 (12.10%) Sass
12 1,010 (11.32%) REST
13 989 (11.08%) RESTful
14 974 (10.92%) .NET Core
15 876 (9.82%) Web Services
16 811 (9.09%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 751 (8.42%) .NET Framework
18 736 (8.25%) Laravel
19 603 (6.76%) Redux
20 590 (6.61%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 1,732 (19.41%) User Experience
2 553 (6.20%) Greenfield Project
3 527 (5.91%) Mobile App
4 347 (3.89%) Self-Motivation
5 217 (2.43%) Enterprise Software
6 179 (2.01%) Data Structures
7 92 (1.03%) Virtual Team
8 91 (1.02%) Linux Command Line
9 82 (0.92%) Social Media
10 77 (0.86%) Blog
11 73 (0.82%) NHS
12 71 (0.80%) Algorithms
13 67 (0.75%) Cloud Native
14 60 (0.67%) Management Information System
15 59 (0.66%) Graphic Design
16 52 (0.58%) N-Tier
17 50 (0.56%) Client/Server
18 44 (0.49%) Animation
19 36 (0.40%) Web 2.0
20 34 (0.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 791 (8.87%) Linux
2 475 (5.32%) Windows
3 275 (3.08%) Android
4 256 (2.87%) Apple iOS
5 122 (1.37%) Windows Server
6 89 (1.00%) Unix
7 58 (0.65%) Ubuntu
8 27 (0.30%) CentOS
9 25 (0.28%) Debian
10 15 (0.17%) Windows 10
11 13 (0.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 10 (0.11%) Windows Server 2016
13 9 (0.10%) Windows 7
13 9 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.090%) VMS
14 8 (0.090%) Windows Server 2008
15 6 (0.067%) tvOS
16 4 (0.045%) Mac OS X
17 2 (0.022%) Fedora
17 2 (0.022%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,588 (40.22%) Agile Software Development
2 2,165 (24.27%) Front End Development
3 1,727 (19.36%) MVC
4 1,687 (18.91%) Web Development
5 1,283 (14.38%) Software Engineering
6 1,200 (13.45%) Scrum
7 1,117 (12.52%) DevOps
8 1,047 (11.74%) TDD
9 997 (11.17%) OO
10 928 (10.40%) Microservices
11 924 (10.36%) E-Commerce
12 920 (10.31%) Problem-Solving
13 727 (8.15%) OOP
14 714 (8.00%) Unit Testing
15 620 (6.95%) Test Automation
16 598 (6.70%) Computer Science
17 568 (6.37%) Mentoring
18 538 (6.03%) SDLC
19 502 (5.63%) Continuous Integration
20 458 (5.13%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 7,594 (85.12%) JavaScript
2 2,911 (32.63%) C#
3 2,464 (27.62%) SQL
4 1,987 (22.27%) PHP
5 1,497 (16.78%) Java
6 1,475 (16.53%) TypeScript
7 957 (10.73%) Python
8 579 (6.49%) ES6
9 356 (3.99%) T-SQL
10 222 (2.49%) Java 8
11 175 (1.96%) Ruby
12 151 (1.69%) C++
13 144 (1.61%) VB.NET
14 125 (1.40%) C
15 113 (1.27%) Kotlin
16 111 (1.24%) Bash Shell
17 106 (1.19%) Scala
18 91 (1.02%) PHP 7
19 87 (0.98%) PowerShell
20 83 (0.93%) ES7
Qualifications
1 950 (10.65%) Degree
2 293 (3.28%) Computer Science Degree
3 122 (1.37%) Security Cleared
4 111 (1.24%) CIW
4 111 (1.24%) OCA
4 111 (1.24%) OCP
4 111 (1.24%) Oracle Certification
5 103 (1.15%) SC Cleared
6 85 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
7 58 (0.65%) Master's Degree
8 28 (0.31%) AWS Certification
9 27 (0.30%) SANS
10 18 (0.20%) DV Cleared
10 18 (0.20%) HND
11 15 (0.17%) BPSS Clearance
12 14 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
13 13 (0.15%) ISTQB
13 13 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 9 (0.10%) PMI Certification
15 5 (0.056%) Six Sigma Black Belt
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 377 (4.23%) QA
2 75 (0.84%) WCAG
3 37 (0.41%) GDPR
4 34 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 24 (0.27%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.21%) WAI
7 15 (0.17%) SLA
8 9 (0.10%) Actionable Recommendations
9 6 (0.067%) Data Quality
9 6 (0.067%) GRC
10 5 (0.056%) ISO/IEC 20000
11 3 (0.034%) PMO
12 2 (0.022%) Good Clinical Practice
13 1 (0.011%) GxP
13 1 (0.011%) NCSC
13 1 (0.011%) PSD2
System Software
1 935 (10.48%) Docker
2 46 (0.52%) Active Directory
3 19 (0.21%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.12%) Firmware
5 6 (0.067%) Kamailio
5 6 (0.067%) LXC
5 6 (0.067%) OpenSIPS
5 6 (0.067%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.056%) Hyper-V
6 5 (0.056%) Varnish
7 4 (0.045%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 4 (0.045%) KVM
8 3 (0.034%) Ceph
9 2 (0.022%) HDFS
9 2 (0.022%) vSphere
10 1 (0.011%) Terminal Services
10 1 (0.011%) Virtual Servers
10 1 (0.011%) VirtualBox
10 1 (0.011%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 440 (4.93%) Kubernetes
2 92 (1.03%) Terraform
3 56 (0.63%) Ansible
4 39 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
5 37 (0.41%) Puppet
6 18 (0.20%) HP UCMDB
7 15 (0.17%) Packer
8 14 (0.16%) MIIS
9 12 (0.13%) SCCM
10 10 (0.11%) Kibana
10 10 (0.11%) Prometheus
11 9 (0.10%) Single Sign-On
12 8 (0.090%) Docker Swarm
12 8 (0.090%) Grafana
12 8 (0.090%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.056%) Istio
14 4 (0.045%) vRealize
15 3 (0.034%) Galera Cluster
15 3 (0.034%) TeamSite
16 2 (0.022%) Graphite
Vendors
1 1,149 (12.88%) Microsoft
2 370 (4.15%) Google
3 366 (4.10%) Oracle
4 358 (4.01%) Adobe
5 152 (1.70%) Salesforce.com
6 102 (1.14%) Sitecore
7 96 (1.08%) Zend
8 95 (1.06%) Xamarin
9 78 (0.87%) Atlassian
10 73 (0.82%) ServiceNow
11 68 (0.76%) SAP
12 53 (0.59%) WooCommerce
13 49 (0.55%) IBM
14 43 (0.48%) HP
15 42 (0.47%) VMware
16 37 (0.41%) Apple
17 34 (0.38%) Remedy
18 31 (0.35%) BMC
19 25 (0.28%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
20 24 (0.27%) Sage