Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 15 20 22
Rank change year-on-year +5 +2 +4
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 5,466 14,069 14,694
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.98% 10.11% 8.82%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.86% 10.97% 9.60%
Number of salaries quoted 5,130 11,242 12,150
Median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% +5.00%
10th Percentile £36,750 £32,500 £32,500
90th Percentile £107,500 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 46,086 128,271 152,983
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.53% 92.20% 91.87%
Number of salaries quoted 37,446 100,644 121,806
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,750 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £91,250 £86,250 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,007 £60,000 +4.35% 1,447
UK excluding London 0 3,098 £50,000 - 1,017
London +3 2,262 £77,500 +6.90% 538
South East +1 898 £55,000 +10.00% 245
North of England +3 887 £52,500 +5.00% 265
Work from Home +3 662 £57,500 -4.17% 339
Yorkshire +18 392 £50,000 - 85
North West +1 392 £55,000 +10.00% 160
Midlands +13 379 £50,000 +5.26% 115
South West -10 349 £50,000 +8.70% 138
Scotland -3 262 £50,000 +4.17% 69
West Midlands +10 227 £50,000 - 60
East of England +3 202 £55,000 - 138
East Midlands +18 152 £50,000 +16.28% 55
North East +5 103 £45,000 - 20
Northern Ireland +8 81 £45,000 -25.00% 19
Wales -17 51 £45,000 - 28

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 2,505 (45.83%) Agile Software Development
2 2,082 (38.09%) JavaScript
3 1,904 (34.83%) Java
4 1,761 (32.22%) Python
5 1,633 (29.88%) C#
6 1,552 (28.39%) AWS
7 1,350 (24.70%) .NET
8 1,210 (22.14%) DevOps
9 1,178 (21.55%) Azure
10 1,138 (20.82%) SQL
11 1,124 (20.56%) Finance
12 1,105 (20.22%) Microservices
13 1,088 (19.90%) React
14 1,031 (18.86%) AngularJS
15 978 (17.89%) Docker
15 978 (17.89%) Degree
16 903 (16.52%) TDD
17 884 (16.17%) C++
18 802 (14.67%) Node.js
19 782 (14.31%) Computer Science
20 780 (14.27%) HTML
21 754 (13.79%) Web Services
22 738 (13.50%) Git (software)
23 720 (13.17%) Scrum
24 708 (12.95%) Linux
25 705 (12.90%) Kubernetes
26 703 (12.86%) CSS
27 597 (10.92%) Test Automation
28 529 (9.68%) .NET Core
29 528 (9.66%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 153 (2.80%) Confluence
2 124 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
3 117 (2.14%) Apache
4 82 (1.50%) Apache Spark
5 53 (0.97%) CMS
6 50 (0.91%) SAS
7 42 (0.77%) IIS
8 36 (0.66%) Tomcat
9 34 (0.62%) WebSphere
10 29 (0.53%) nginx
11 16 (0.29%) OpenStack
12 15 (0.27%) JBoss
13 14 (0.26%) NServiceBus
14 12 (0.22%) SharePoint
15 11 (0.20%) Headless CMS
16 10 (0.18%) Sitecore CMS
17 9 (0.16%) WordPress
18 8 (0.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 7 (0.13%) Apache Airflow
19 7 (0.13%) GlassFish
Applications
1 18 (0.33%) Simulink
2 17 (0.31%) Chatbot
3 14 (0.26%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
5 9 (0.16%) Sketch
6 8 (0.15%) Zeplin
7 7 (0.13%) TargetLink
8 6 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 5 (0.091%) MS Visio
10 3 (0.055%) EPLAN
10 3 (0.055%) Photoshop
10 3 (0.055%) SOLIDWORKS
10 3 (0.055%) Spreadsheet
11 2 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.037%) InVision
11 2 (0.037%) Windchill
12 1 (0.018%) Adobe Premiere
12 1 (0.018%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 31 (0.57%) Distributed Ledger
2 26 (0.48%) R3 Corda
3 25 (0.46%) FINCAD Analytics
4 22 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
5 7 (0.13%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 7 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.11%) Magento
7 5 (0.091%) BigMachines
7 5 (0.091%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 4 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.073%) Oracle BPM
9 3 (0.055%) Sentinel
10 2 (0.037%) OpenCart
10 2 (0.037%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 2 (0.037%) Shopify
11 1 (0.018%) Dynamics NAV
11 1 (0.018%) Maximo
11 1 (0.018%) SAP Business One
11 1 (0.018%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,552 (28.39%) AWS
2 1,178 (21.55%) Azure
3 391 (7.15%) GCP
4 339 (6.20%) Serverless
5 249 (4.56%) AWS Lambda
6 241 (4.41%) SaaS
7 146 (2.67%) GitHub
8 130 (2.38%) Amazon EC2
9 113 (2.07%) Cloud Computing
10 111 (2.03%) Amazon ECS
11 108 (1.98%) Amazon S3
12 84 (1.54%) PaaS
13 83 (1.52%) Power Platform
14 61 (1.12%) npm
14 61 (1.12%) OpenShift
15 52 (0.95%) IaaS
16 50 (0.91%) AWS CloudFormation
17 34 (0.62%) Amazon EKS
18 32 (0.59%) Azure Functions
19 23 (0.42%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 75 (1.37%) TCP/IP
2 50 (0.91%) HTTP
3 47 (0.86%) Internet
4 36 (0.66%) Skype
5 31 (0.57%) DNS
6 29 (0.53%) Wireless
7 28 (0.51%) Network Security
8 27 (0.49%) Ethernet
9 24 (0.44%) Firewall
9 24 (0.44%) RS-485
10 23 (0.42%) RS-232
11 19 (0.35%) Bluetooth
12 17 (0.31%) SSL
12 17 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
13 14 (0.26%) MQTT
14 13 (0.24%) Kerberos
15 12 (0.22%) H.323
16 11 (0.20%) FTP
16 11 (0.20%) Modbus
17 10 (0.18%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 525 (9.60%) SQL Server
2 481 (8.80%) NoSQL
3 311 (5.69%) PostgreSQL
4 282 (5.16%) MySQL
5 258 (4.72%) MongoDB
6 249 (4.56%) Big Data
7 185 (3.38%) Relational Database
8 160 (2.93%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 159 (2.91%) Hadoop
10 130 (2.38%) Redis
11 126 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
12 75 (1.37%) Apache Cassandra
13 71 (1.30%) Power BI
14 67 (1.23%) Blockchain
15 63 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
16 60 (1.10%) Oracle Database
17 48 (0.88%) Apache Hive
18 43 (0.79%) Pentaho
19 39 (0.71%) Impala
20 38 (0.70%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 738 (13.50%) Git (software)
2 377 (6.90%) Jenkins
3 311 (5.69%) JIRA
4 149 (2.73%) JUnit
5 126 (2.31%) Visual Studio
6 123 (2.25%) Subversion
7 118 (2.16%) GitLab
8 87 (1.59%) Maven
9 79 (1.45%) Selenium
10 73 (1.34%) webpack
11 64 (1.17%) Bitbucket
12 60 (1.10%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 57 (1.04%) Mercurial
13 57 (1.04%) TeamCity
14 56 (1.02%) NUnit
15 52 (0.95%) Cucumber
16 49 (0.90%) Mockito
17 46 (0.84%) Artifactory
18 44 (0.80%) Mocha
19 42 (0.77%) CircleCI
General
1 1,124 (20.56%) Finance
2 419 (7.67%) Front Office
3 356 (6.51%) Banking
4 151 (2.76%) Marketing
5 149 (2.73%) Electronics
6 144 (2.63%) Investment Banking
7 138 (2.52%) Retail
8 114 (2.09%) Manufacturing
8 114 (2.09%) Public Sector
9 100 (1.83%) Games
9 100 (1.83%) Telecoms
10 96 (1.76%) Law
11 84 (1.54%) Automotive
12 54 (0.99%) Aerospace
12 54 (0.99%) Back Office
13 37 (0.68%) Advertising
14 31 (0.57%) Publishing
15 28 (0.51%) Financial Institution
16 27 (0.49%) Pharmaceutical
17 22 (0.40%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,534 (46.36%) Software Engineer
2 1,878 (34.36%) Developer
3 588 (10.76%) Senior Software Engineer
4 404 (7.39%) Java Engineer
5 400 (7.32%) Developer/Software Engineer
6 399 (7.30%) Java Developer
7 348 (6.37%) Java Software Engineer
8 340 (6.22%) Python Engineer
9 327 (5.98%) Senior Developer
10 316 (5.78%) Software Developer
11 305 (5.58%) Python Developer
12 294 (5.38%) C# Software Engineer
13 284 (5.20%) Python Software Engineer
14 276 (5.05%) AWS Engineer
15 259 (4.74%) .NET Developer
16 250 (4.57%) C# Developer
17 241 (4.41%) .NET Software Engineer
18 223 (4.08%) Architect
19 209 (3.82%) JavaScript Developer
20 204 (3.73%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,350 (24.70%) .NET
2 1,088 (19.90%) React
3 1,031 (18.86%) AngularJS
4 802 (14.67%) Node.js
5 780 (14.27%) HTML
6 754 (13.79%) Web Services
7 703 (12.86%) CSS
8 529 (9.68%) .NET Core
9 508 (9.29%) Vue.js
10 469 (8.58%) REST
11 397 (7.26%) ASP.NET
12 369 (6.75%) RESTful
13 346 (6.33%) Spring
14 294 (5.38%) .NET Framework
14 294 (5.38%) HTML5
15 245 (4.48%) Kafka
16 211 (3.86%) ASP.NET Web API
17 204 (3.73%) CSS3
18 200 (3.66%) Spring Boot
19 194 (3.55%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 419 (7.67%) Hedge funds
2 414 (7.57%) Greenfield Project
3 392 (7.17%) Algorithms
4 372 (6.81%) Derivative
5 343 (6.28%) Fixed Income
6 257 (4.70%) Analytical Skills
6 257 (4.70%) Equities
7 253 (4.63%) User Experience
8 245 (4.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 226 (4.13%) Data Structures
10 183 (3.35%) Mobile App
11 105 (1.92%) Management Information System
12 104 (1.90%) Cloud Native
13 87 (1.59%) Embedded Systems
13 87 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
14 78 (1.43%) Public Cloud
14 78 (1.43%) Self-Motivation
15 69 (1.26%) Virtual Team
16 61 (1.12%) Blog
17 45 (0.82%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 708 (12.95%) Linux
2 385 (7.04%) Windows
3 202 (3.70%) Android
4 186 (3.40%) Apple iOS
5 133 (2.43%) Unix
6 54 (0.99%) CentOS
7 51 (0.93%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 40 (0.73%) Windows Server
9 37 (0.68%) Embedded Linux
10 21 (0.38%) VxWorks
11 20 (0.37%) VMS
12 18 (0.33%) Ubuntu
13 12 (0.22%) Mac OS X
14 11 (0.20%) Robot Operating System
15 7 (0.13%) Windows 10
16 6 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
17 5 (0.091%) Debian
17 5 (0.091%) FreeRTOS
17 5 (0.091%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.091%) Nucleus RTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,505 (45.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,210 (22.14%) DevOps
3 1,105 (20.22%) Microservices
4 903 (16.52%) TDD
5 782 (14.31%) Computer Science
6 720 (13.17%) Scrum
7 597 (10.92%) Test Automation
8 528 (9.66%) OO
9 523 (9.57%) Continuous Integration
10 516 (9.44%) Fintech
11 465 (8.51%) Problem-Solving
12 463 (8.47%) Mentoring
13 441 (8.07%) Asset Management
14 402 (7.35%) Open Source
15 395 (7.23%) Unit Testing
16 391 (7.15%) Mathematics
17 386 (7.06%) Artificial Intelligence
18 384 (7.03%) Machine Learning
19 379 (6.93%) MVC
20 363 (6.64%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,082 (38.09%) JavaScript
2 1,904 (34.83%) Java
3 1,761 (32.22%) Python
4 1,633 (29.88%) C#
5 1,138 (20.82%) SQL
6 884 (16.17%) C++
7 469 (8.58%) C
8 386 (7.06%) TypeScript
9 276 (5.05%) Go
10 248 (4.54%) Kotlin
11 243 (4.45%) PHP
12 214 (3.92%) Scala
13 173 (3.17%) Ruby
14 153 (2.80%) Java 8
15 108 (1.98%) R
16 104 (1.90%) PowerShell
17 99 (1.81%) Embedded C
17 99 (1.81%) T-SQL
18 79 (1.45%) Bash Shell
19 70 (1.28%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 978 (17.89%) Degree
2 384 (7.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 201 (3.68%) Security Cleared
4 101 (1.85%) SC Cleared
5 98 (1.79%) DV Cleared
6 64 (1.17%) Master's Degree
6 64 (1.17%) PhD
7 52 (0.95%) Numerate Degree
8 38 (0.70%) AWS Certification
9 26 (0.48%) BPSS Clearance
10 8 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.15%) TOGAF Certification
11 7 (0.13%) HND
12 6 (0.11%) BC Cleared
12 6 (0.11%) HNC
12 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
13 5 (0.091%) Cisco Certification
14 4 (0.073%) CCNA
14 4 (0.073%) DBS Check
15 3 (0.055%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 298 (5.45%) QA
2 29 (0.53%) GDPR
3 17 (0.31%) ISO 26262
4 16 (0.29%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 14 (0.26%) PMO
6 13 (0.24%) MISRA
7 12 (0.22%) Data Quality
8 11 (0.20%) NIST
9 10 (0.18%) MISRA C
10 9 (0.16%) NIST 800
11 8 (0.15%) IEC 61508
12 7 (0.13%) SLA
13 6 (0.11%) ISO 13485
13 6 (0.11%) ISO 9001
14 5 (0.091%) DO-178B
14 5 (0.091%) PCI DSS
15 4 (0.073%) IEC 62304
16 3 (0.055%) EMIR
16 3 (0.055%) MiFID
17 2 (0.037%) GAMP
System Software
1 978 (17.89%) Docker
2 65 (1.19%) Firmware
3 54 (0.99%) HDFS
4 38 (0.70%) Active Directory
5 25 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.26%) Hyper-V
7 12 (0.22%) vSphere
8 9 (0.16%) KVM
8 9 (0.16%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 6 (0.11%) LXC
11 3 (0.055%) iptables
11 3 (0.055%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 3 (0.055%) Virtual Servers
11 3 (0.055%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.037%) Apache Flume
12 2 (0.037%) VMware ESXi
13 1 (0.018%) FreeRADIUS
13 1 (0.018%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 1 (0.018%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 705 (12.90%) Kubernetes
2 238 (4.35%) Terraform
3 179 (3.27%) Ansible
4 68 (1.24%) Puppet
5 49 (0.90%) Opscode Chef
6 41 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 38 (0.70%) Grafana
8 23 (0.42%) Graphite
9 22 (0.40%) Kibana
10 20 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 16 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
12 13 (0.24%) Marathon
12 13 (0.24%) Mesos
13 12 (0.22%) Rancher
14 6 (0.11%) MIIS
14 6 (0.11%) Nagios
15 5 (0.091%) Graylog
15 5 (0.091%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 5 (0.091%) Packer
16 4 (0.073%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 394 (7.21%) Microsoft
2 263 (4.81%) Oracle
3 262 (4.79%) Google
4 59 (1.08%) VMware
5 52 (0.95%) Informatica
6 47 (0.86%) Cloudera
7 44 (0.80%) Salesforce.com
8 41 (0.75%) SAP
8 41 (0.75%) Talend
9 40 (0.73%) Atlassian
9 40 (0.73%) Red Hat
10 35 (0.64%) Bloomberg
11 32 (0.59%) IBM
11 32 (0.59%) Xamarin
12 23 (0.42%) Facebook
13 22 (0.40%) Apple
14 19 (0.35%) Autodesk
14 19 (0.35%) MuleSoft
15 16 (0.29%) Splunk
16 14 (0.26%) NVIDIA