Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 8 13 18
Rank change year-on-year +5 +5 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 29,366 15,126 6,706
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.27% 13.25% 10.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 18.03% 14.08% 11.19%
Number of salaries quoted 10,209 8,562 5,474
10th Percentile £41,250 £37,500 £36,250
25th Percentile £50,000 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £69,500 £65,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +6.92% +13.04% +4.55%
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £77,500
90th Percentile £115,000 £106,250 £100,875
UK excluding London median annual salary £58,495 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +6.35% +10.00% -

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 162,861 107,406 59,927
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.78% 94.05% 93.06%
Number of salaries quoted 83,795 73,009 48,582
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,965 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 23,349 £70,000 +7.69% 2,042
Work from Home +2 14,361 £68,956 +6.09% 1,108
London +3 13,656 £85,000 +6.25% 807
UK excluding London +4 10,998 £58,495 +6.35% 1,343
South East +8 3,142 £57,500 +4.55% 297
North of England -1 2,463 £55,687 +1.25% 287
South West +2 1,669 £60,000 +14.29% 179
North West +2 1,327 £59,500 +3.48% 186
Midlands +14 1,260 £60,000 +9.09% 206
Scotland +4 1,052 £60,000 +20.00% 82
Yorkshire 0 963 £55,000 - 78
East of England +3 954 £62,500 +22.55% 252
West Midlands +16 896 £60,000 +9.09% 122
East Midlands +11 362 £55,000 +10.00% 84
Northern Ireland +3 321 £52,500 +40.00% 19
Wales +14 220 £55,000 +12.47% 20
North East -4 175 £52,500 +5.00% 23
Isle of Man - 5 £60,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 15,085 (51.37%) Agile
2 10,278 (35.00%) Java
3 10,051 (34.23%) JavaScript
4 9,799 (33.37%) AWS
5 9,334 (31.79%) Python
6 8,196 (27.91%) React
7 7,734 (26.34%) Finance
8 7,504 (25.55%) Docker
9 6,670 (22.71%) Social Skills
10 6,633 (22.59%) CI/CD
11 6,432 (21.90%) SQL
12 6,395 (21.78%) DevOps
13 6,387 (21.75%) Microservices
14 6,266 (21.34%) Azure
15 6,171 (21.01%) Degree
16 6,087 (20.73%) C#
17 6,049 (20.60%) Kubernetes
18 5,682 (19.35%) .NET
19 5,329 (18.15%) Node.js
20 5,273 (17.96%) TypeScript
21 4,934 (16.80%) TDD
22 4,894 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
23 4,883 (16.63%) Git (software)
24 4,841 (16.49%) Computer Science
25 4,802 (16.35%) Full Stack Development
26 4,711 (16.04%) Mentoring
27 4,290 (14.61%) Test Automation
28 4,082 (13.90%) GCP
29 3,982 (13.56%) Scrum
30 3,827 (13.03%) CSS

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 838 (2.85%) Confluence
2 643 (2.19%) Apache
3 626 (2.13%) Apache Spark
4 431 (1.47%) CMS
5 366 (1.25%) Apache Airflow
6 262 (0.89%) Umbraco
7 153 (0.52%) WordPress
8 143 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
9 138 (0.47%) Headless CMS
10 110 (0.37%) SharePoint
11 88 (0.30%) Drupal
11 88 (0.30%) Tornado
12 83 (0.28%) Jupyter
13 81 (0.28%) nginx
14 75 (0.26%) Tomcat
15 64 (0.22%) Ethereum
16 60 (0.20%) OpenStack
17 53 (0.18%) Luigi
18 47 (0.16%) WebSphere
19 45 (0.15%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 186 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
2 155 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 124 (0.42%) Sketch
4 121 (0.41%) Simulink
5 77 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 70 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 49 (0.17%) Chatbot
8 42 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 36 (0.12%) Maya
10 26 (0.089%) 3ds Max
10 26 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 24 (0.082%) Stateflow
12 23 (0.078%) Blender
12 23 (0.078%) InVision
13 20 (0.068%) Adobe XD
13 20 (0.068%) CATIA
14 19 (0.065%) ZBrush
15 15 (0.051%) CANalyzer
15 15 (0.051%) TargetLink
15 15 (0.051%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 137 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
2 126 (0.43%) Distributed Ledger
3 89 (0.30%) R3 Corda
4 72 (0.25%) NetSuite
5 64 (0.22%) Shopify
6 55 (0.19%) Magento
7 39 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
8 35 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
9 27 (0.092%) SAP Business ByDesign
10 23 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 21 (0.072%) Teamcenter
12 19 (0.065%) Oracle Payables
13 15 (0.051%) Dynamics AX
14 11 (0.037%) Primavera
15 10 (0.034%) Oracle ERP
16 8 (0.027%) ENOVIA
17 6 (0.020%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
17 6 (0.020%) ResourceLink
17 6 (0.020%) SAP S/4HANA
18 5 (0.017%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 9,799 (33.37%) AWS
2 6,266 (21.34%) Azure
3 4,082 (13.90%) GCP
4 3,087 (10.51%) Serverless
5 2,172 (7.40%) GitHub
6 1,977 (6.73%) SaaS
7 1,589 (5.41%) AWS Lambda
8 1,094 (3.73%) Amazon S3
9 979 (3.33%) Cloud Computing
10 838 (2.85%) Azure DevOps
11 702 (2.39%) Amazon SQS
12 644 (2.19%) AWS CloudFormation
13 636 (2.17%) Amazon EC2
14 569 (1.94%) Amazon ECS
15 514 (1.75%) PaaS
16 406 (1.38%) GitHub Actions
17 396 (1.35%) Heroku
18 353 (1.20%) Amazon EKS
19 341 (1.16%) Amazon Kinesis
20 324 (1.10%) Azure Cosmos DB
Communications & Networking
1 1,481 (5.04%) HTTP
2 640 (2.18%) SSL
3 573 (1.95%) Internet
4 557 (1.90%) TCP/IP
5 248 (0.84%) Broadband
6 205 (0.70%) PPP
7 185 (0.63%) Wireless
8 173 (0.59%) DNS
9 101 (0.34%) Firewall
10 78 (0.27%) 5G
11 77 (0.26%) Kerberos
12 72 (0.25%) Modbus
12 72 (0.25%) Wi-Fi
13 68 (0.23%) MQTT
14 65 (0.22%) Network Security
14 65 (0.22%) NFC
15 64 (0.22%) Bluetooth
16 48 (0.16%) HTTPS
16 48 (0.16%) Wireshark
17 42 (0.14%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,874 (9.79%) PostgreSQL
2 2,727 (9.29%) NoSQL
3 1,731 (5.89%) Relational Database
4 1,696 (5.78%) MySQL
5 1,413 (4.81%) SQL Server
6 1,282 (4.37%) MongoDB
7 1,028 (3.50%) Big Data
8 996 (3.39%) Elasticsearch
9 955 (3.25%) Redis
10 889 (3.03%) DynamoDB
11 574 (1.95%) Amazon RDS
12 503 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
13 386 (1.31%) Hadoop
14 369 (1.26%) BigQuery
15 354 (1.21%) Amazon Aurora
16 343 (1.17%) Data Lake
17 283 (0.96%) RDBMS
18 282 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
19 238 (0.81%) Power BI
20 229 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 4,883 (16.63%) Git (software)
2 2,447 (8.33%) Jenkins
3 1,648 (5.61%) JIRA
4 807 (2.75%) GitLab
5 693 (2.36%) Cypress.io
6 605 (2.06%) CircleCI
7 572 (1.95%) Selenium
8 567 (1.93%) webpack
9 519 (1.77%) Maven
10 484 (1.65%) JUnit
11 470 (1.60%) Cucumber
12 445 (1.52%) TeamCity
13 419 (1.43%) Bitbucket
14 400 (1.36%) Gradle
15 319 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
16 311 (1.06%) Postman
16 311 (1.06%) SonarQube
17 248 (0.84%) Visual Studio
18 231 (0.79%) Storybook
18 231 (0.79%) Subversion
General
1 7,734 (26.34%) Finance
2 6,670 (22.71%) Social Skills
3 2,565 (8.73%) Inclusion and Diversity
4 2,409 (8.20%) Banking
5 2,353 (8.01%) Analytical Skills
6 1,880 (6.40%) Marketing
7 1,710 (5.82%) Games
8 1,603 (5.46%) Retail
9 1,041 (3.54%) Legal
10 962 (3.28%) Public Sector
11 938 (3.19%) Law
12 919 (3.13%) Electronics
13 759 (2.58%) Front Office
14 685 (2.33%) Automotive
15 531 (1.81%) Manufacturing
16 467 (1.59%) Financial Institution
17 392 (1.33%) Telecoms
18 382 (1.30%) Organisational Skills
19 381 (1.30%) Advertising
20 334 (1.14%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 15,245 (51.91%) Software Engineer
2 6,347 (21.61%) Developer
3 4,348 (14.81%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,574 (5.36%) Senior Developer
5 1,345 (4.58%) Java Developer
6 1,257 (4.28%) Graduate
7 1,252 (4.26%) Java Engineer
8 1,065 (3.63%) Lead Software Engineer
9 1,031 (3.51%) Java Software Engineer
10 954 (3.25%) Software Developer
11 950 (3.24%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 851 (2.90%) Graduate Software Engineer
13 843 (2.87%) Full Stack Developer
14 793 (2.70%) Architect
15 755 (2.57%) Embedded Engineer
16 713 (2.43%) .NET Developer
17 705 (2.40%) Embedded Software Engineer
18 689 (2.35%) Python Engineer
19 672 (2.29%) C# Developer
20 624 (2.12%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,196 (27.91%) React
2 5,682 (19.35%) .NET
3 5,329 (18.15%) Node.js
4 3,827 (13.03%) CSS
5 3,788 (12.90%) HTML
6 3,760 (12.80%) AngularJS
7 2,653 (9.03%) REST
8 2,418 (8.23%) RESTful
9 2,370 (8.07%) Spring
10 2,208 (7.52%) Kafka
11 1,958 (6.67%) .NET Core
12 1,853 (6.31%) Vue.js
13 1,689 (5.75%) Spring Boot
14 1,657 (5.64%) GraphQL
15 1,582 (5.39%) ASP.NET
16 1,381 (4.70%) Ruby on Rails
17 1,304 (4.44%) Web Services
18 1,100 (3.75%) HTML5
19 1,085 (3.69%) .NET Framework
20 1,045 (3.56%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 2,672 (9.10%) User Experience
2 2,214 (7.54%) Algorithms
3 1,624 (5.53%) Mobile App
4 1,498 (5.10%) Data Structures
5 1,459 (4.97%) Cloud Native
6 1,247 (4.25%) Self-Motivation
7 1,174 (4.00%) Greenfield Project
8 863 (2.94%) Virtual Team
9 743 (2.53%) Hedge funds
10 693 (2.36%) Derivative
11 643 (2.19%) Enterprise Software
12 615 (2.09%) Hackathon
13 585 (1.99%) Blog
14 563 (1.92%) Equities
15 540 (1.84%) Blockchain
16 515 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
17 510 (1.74%) Fixed Income
18 437 (1.49%) IoT
19 413 (1.41%) Public Cloud
20 390 (1.33%) Cyberattack
Operating Systems
1 3,635 (12.38%) Linux
2 1,223 (4.16%) Android
3 1,086 (3.70%) Windows
4 1,040 (3.54%) Apple iOS
5 761 (2.59%) Unix
6 167 (0.57%) Embedded Linux
7 143 (0.49%) Ubuntu
8 95 (0.32%) Mesosphere
9 88 (0.30%) VMS
10 81 (0.28%) CentOS
11 64 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 51 (0.17%) Mac OS
13 36 (0.12%) FreeRTOS
14 31 (0.11%) Windows Server
15 28 (0.095%) Debian
16 26 (0.089%) Robot Operating System
17 25 (0.085%) Solaris
18 20 (0.068%) VxWorks
19 16 (0.054%) tvOS
20 15 (0.051%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 15,085 (51.37%) Agile
2 6,633 (22.59%) CI/CD
3 6,395 (21.78%) DevOps
4 6,387 (21.75%) Microservices
5 4,934 (16.80%) TDD
6 4,894 (16.67%) Problem-Solving
7 4,841 (16.49%) Computer Science
8 4,802 (16.35%) Full Stack Development
9 4,711 (16.04%) Mentoring
10 4,290 (14.61%) Test Automation
11 3,982 (13.56%) Scrum
12 3,221 (10.97%) Continuous Integration
13 2,680 (9.13%) Analytics
14 2,602 (8.86%) Coaching
15 2,582 (8.79%) Machine Learning
16 2,437 (8.30%) Data Science
17 2,375 (8.09%) Unit Testing
18 2,373 (8.08%) Fintech
19 2,372 (8.08%) SDLC
20 2,369 (8.07%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 10,278 (35.00%) Java
2 10,051 (34.23%) JavaScript
3 9,334 (31.79%) Python
4 6,432 (21.90%) SQL
5 6,087 (20.73%) C#
6 5,273 (17.96%) TypeScript
7 3,611 (12.30%) C++
8 2,717 (9.25%) Go
9 2,310 (7.87%) C
10 2,105 (7.17%) Ruby
11 1,454 (4.95%) Kotlin
12 1,295 (4.41%) PHP
13 1,107 (3.77%) Scala
14 590 (2.01%) ES6
15 570 (1.94%) Rust
16 525 (1.79%) Bash
17 468 (1.59%) T-SQL
18 444 (1.51%) Apple Swift
19 419 (1.43%) Objective-C
20 358 (1.22%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 6,171 (21.01%) Degree
2 2,387 (8.13%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,360 (4.63%) Security Cleared
4 609 (2.07%) SC Cleared
5 571 (1.94%) Master's Degree
6 324 (1.10%) PhD
7 188 (0.64%) DV Cleared
8 158 (0.54%) PMI Certification
9 143 (0.49%) Numerate Degree
10 106 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
11 96 (0.33%) AWS Certification
12 76 (0.26%) ISTQB
13 59 (0.20%) DBS Check
14 57 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
15 50 (0.17%) HND
16 39 (0.13%) Six Sigma Black Belt
17 36 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 34 (0.12%) Postgraduate
19 31 (0.11%) HNC
20 27 (0.092%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,371 (8.07%) QA
2 694 (2.36%) Accessibility
3 227 (0.77%) Data Quality
4 145 (0.49%) MISRA
5 133 (0.45%) Automotive SPICE
6 131 (0.45%) GDPR
7 84 (0.29%) SLA
8 68 (0.23%) ISO 26262
9 65 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 63 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 58 (0.20%) AUTOSAR
12 55 (0.19%) IEC 61508
13 51 (0.17%) Def Stans
14 34 (0.12%) ISO 9001
14 34 (0.12%) SOC 2
15 32 (0.11%) HIPAA
16 30 (0.10%) MISRA C
17 27 (0.092%) NIST
18 24 (0.082%) IEC 62304
19 22 (0.075%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 7,504 (25.55%) Docker
2 279 (0.95%) Firmware
3 125 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
4 106 (0.36%) Active Directory
5 94 (0.32%) Embedded Firmware
6 66 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 60 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
8 54 (0.18%) ISA Server
9 30 (0.10%) Hyper-V
10 27 (0.092%) LXC
10 27 (0.092%) Oracle RAC
11 20 (0.068%) HDFS
12 16 (0.054%) Apache Flume
12 16 (0.054%) IAG
13 11 (0.037%) KVM
14 8 (0.027%) NFS
15 6 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
16 5 (0.017%) VirtualBox
16 5 (0.017%) vSphere
17 4 (0.014%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 6,049 (20.60%) Kubernetes
2 2,986 (10.17%) Terraform
3 944 (3.21%) Ansible
4 403 (1.37%) Grafana
5 371 (1.26%) Prometheus
6 283 (0.96%) Opscode Chef
7 274 (0.93%) Puppet
8 177 (0.60%) Kibana
9 127 (0.43%) Istio
10 102 (0.35%) Consul
11 98 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
12 95 (0.32%) Automic
13 87 (0.30%) Argo
14 78 (0.27%) logstash
15 65 (0.22%) Single Sign-On
16 63 (0.21%) Kubeflow
17 39 (0.13%) Rancher
18 28 (0.095%) HP Fortify
19 25 (0.085%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
19 25 (0.085%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 1,953 (6.65%) Microsoft
2 1,945 (6.62%) Google
3 812 (2.77%) Oracle
4 453 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
5 300 (1.02%) IBM
6 244 (0.83%) Atlassian
7 221 (0.75%) New Relic
8 200 (0.68%) Palantir
9 197 (0.67%) Apple
10 188 (0.64%) Twitter
11 181 (0.62%) Splunk
12 171 (0.58%) Databricks
13 164 (0.56%) SAP
14 154 (0.52%) Facebook
15 146 (0.50%) Samsung
16 135 (0.46%) LexisNexis
17 126 (0.43%) Spotify
18 122 (0.42%) Sun
19 118 (0.40%) MuleSoft
20 115 (0.39%) Sony