Period
to 15 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
15 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 16 20 21
Rank change year-on-year +4 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 6,595 12,628 14,691
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 10.56% 9.99% 9.72%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.44% 10.84% 10.54%
Number of salaries quoted 6,717 10,621 12,377
Median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%
10th Percentile £37,500 £34,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £100,000 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +0.53%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 57,644 116,455 139,426
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.26% 92.13% 92.24%
Number of salaries quoted 46,596 93,252 111,456
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,750
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,000 £45,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +7.69% +1.11% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 15 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 15 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5,910 £60,000 - 1,772
UK excluding London 0 3,639 £52,500 +5.00% 1,195
London +5 2,744 £75,000 - 710
Work from Home +5 1,307 £60,000 +1.86% 423
North of England +7 1,050 £52,500 +5.00% 282
South East -4 944 £55,000 +10.00% 277
Yorkshire +11 492 £52,500 +5.00% 92
North West +5 466 £55,000 +5.26% 163
South West -10 464 £50,000 +11.11% 180
Midlands +5 406 £50,000 +5.26% 132
Scotland -3 394 £50,000 +5.26% 82
West Midlands 0 232 £52,500 +8.25% 76
East of England +3 221 £55,000 +10.00% 188
East Midlands +15 173 £50,000 +5.26% 56
Northern Ireland +8 97 £45,000 -25.00% 26
North East -3 92 £48,750 +2.63% 28
Wales -8 65 £47,500 +12.62% 30
Isle of Man - 2 £47,500 -

For the 6 months to 15 January 2021, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 3,141 (47.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2,485 (37.68%) JavaScript
3 2,192 (33.24%) Java
4 2,104 (31.90%) Python
5 2,014 (30.54%) C#
6 1,996 (30.27%) AWS
7 1,712 (25.96%) .NET
8 1,536 (23.29%) Azure
9 1,522 (23.08%) SQL
10 1,415 (21.46%) DevOps
11 1,412 (21.41%) React
12 1,353 (20.52%) Docker
13 1,351 (20.49%) Microservices
14 1,297 (19.67%) Finance
15 1,181 (17.91%) AngularJS
16 1,125 (17.06%) TDD
17 1,053 (15.97%) C++
18 1,037 (15.72%) Degree
19 1,024 (15.53%) Kubernetes
20 941 (14.27%) Scrum
21 940 (14.25%) Linux
22 909 (13.78%) Node.js
23 852 (12.92%) HTML
24 826 (12.52%) .NET Core
25 810 (12.28%) Computer Science
26 782 (11.86%) Git (software)
27 775 (11.75%) CSS
28 697 (10.57%) Web Services
29 677 (10.27%) GCP
30 670 (10.16%) Test Automation

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 236 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
2 173 (2.62%) Confluence
3 165 (2.50%) Apache
4 120 (1.82%) Apache Spark
5 67 (1.02%) nginx
6 47 (0.71%) SAS
7 43 (0.65%) CMS
8 38 (0.58%) JBoss
9 23 (0.35%) WebSphere
10 22 (0.33%) Red Hat Fuse
11 20 (0.30%) Apache ServiceMix
12 18 (0.27%) Headless CMS
12 18 (0.27%) SharePoint
12 18 (0.27%) Tomcat
13 16 (0.24%) OpenStack
14 15 (0.23%) IIS
15 13 (0.20%) Apache Solr
15 13 (0.20%) Tornado
16 12 (0.18%) BizTalk Server
16 12 (0.18%) Umbraco
Applications
1 25 (0.38%) InVision
1 25 (0.38%) Sketch
2 22 (0.33%) Microsoft Excel
3 18 (0.27%) Chatbot
4 16 (0.24%) Simulink
5 13 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
6 11 (0.17%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.11%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.11%) Zeplin
8 5 (0.076%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.076%) AutoCAD
9 4 (0.061%) Gliffy
9 4 (0.061%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.061%) Stateflow
10 2 (0.030%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
10 2 (0.030%) Photoshop
11 1 (0.015%) Figma
11 1 (0.015%) Marvel
11 1 (0.015%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 40 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 21 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
3 17 (0.26%) Dynamics AX
4 13 (0.20%) R3 Corda
5 11 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
6 7 (0.11%) Eagle PACE
6 7 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 7 (0.11%) Markit EDM
7 6 (0.091%) Shopify
8 5 (0.076%) BigMachines
8 5 (0.076%) Sentinel
9 4 (0.061%) Magento
9 4 (0.061%) Maximo
9 4 (0.061%) Oracle BPM
10 3 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.030%) SAP Business One
12 1 (0.015%) Elite 3E
12 1 (0.015%) MoSes
12 1 (0.015%) NetSuite
12 1 (0.015%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 1,996 (30.27%) AWS
2 1,536 (23.29%) Azure
3 677 (10.27%) GCP
4 471 (7.14%) Serverless
5 281 (4.26%) AWS Lambda
6 269 (4.08%) SaaS
7 161 (2.44%) GitHub
8 153 (2.32%) Amazon EC2
9 148 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
10 143 (2.17%) Amazon S3
11 117 (1.77%) AWS CloudFormation
12 91 (1.38%) PaaS
13 77 (1.17%) Amazon ECS
14 70 (1.06%) Power Platform
15 57 (0.86%) IaaS
16 53 (0.80%) npm
17 45 (0.68%) Apigee
18 40 (0.61%) Dynamics 365
19 39 (0.59%) Amazon EKS
20 33 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 73 (1.11%) TCP/IP
2 70 (1.06%) HTTP
3 51 (0.77%) Ethernet
4 46 (0.70%) Wireless
5 45 (0.68%) Internet
6 31 (0.47%) Network Security
7 26 (0.39%) Bluetooth
8 25 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
9 21 (0.32%) Firewall
10 19 (0.29%) DNS
10 19 (0.29%) Wireshark
11 17 (0.26%) RS-232
11 17 (0.26%) RS-485
12 16 (0.24%) Software-Defined Radio
13 15 (0.23%) MQTT
14 13 (0.20%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.18%) Kerberos
15 12 (0.18%) VPN
16 11 (0.17%) ZigBee
17 10 (0.15%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 649 (9.84%) SQL Server
2 597 (9.05%) NoSQL
3 364 (5.52%) PostgreSQL
4 345 (5.23%) Big Data
5 296 (4.49%) MySQL
6 267 (4.05%) Relational Database
7 225 (3.41%) MongoDB
8 195 (2.96%) Redis
9 147 (2.23%) Hadoop
10 142 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 84 (1.27%) Data Warehouse
12 67 (1.02%) Power BI
13 65 (0.99%) Apache Hive
14 64 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
15 60 (0.91%) Blockchain
16 59 (0.89%) Amazon Redshift
17 52 (0.79%) Oracle Database
18 49 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
18 49 (0.74%) Pentaho
19 47 (0.71%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 782 (11.86%) Git (software)
2 485 (7.35%) Jenkins
3 337 (5.11%) JIRA
4 251 (3.81%) GitLab
5 171 (2.59%) Visual Studio
6 144 (2.18%) Subversion
7 134 (2.03%) Selenium
8 120 (1.82%) JUnit
9 104 (1.58%) webpack
10 95 (1.44%) Maven
11 94 (1.43%) Mercurial
12 71 (1.08%) Eclipse
13 69 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 69 (1.05%) TeamCity
14 68 (1.03%) Bitbucket
15 65 (0.99%) Artifactory
16 58 (0.88%) CircleCI
17 55 (0.83%) Cypress.io
18 53 (0.80%) Mockito
19 49 (0.74%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,297 (19.67%) Finance
2 400 (6.07%) Front Office
3 227 (3.44%) Banking
4 207 (3.14%) Marketing
5 201 (3.05%) Electronics
6 191 (2.90%) Public Sector
7 172 (2.61%) Games
8 153 (2.32%) Retail
9 143 (2.17%) Manufacturing
10 140 (2.12%) Law
11 103 (1.56%) Telecoms
12 91 (1.38%) Investment Banking
13 81 (1.23%) Aerospace
14 59 (0.89%) Automotive
15 48 (0.73%) Advertising
15 48 (0.73%) Financial Institution
16 40 (0.61%) Legal
17 39 (0.59%) Publishing
18 32 (0.49%) Military
19 25 (0.38%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 3,078 (46.67%) Software Engineer
2 2,363 (35.83%) Developer
3 741 (11.24%) Senior Software Engineer
4 523 (7.93%) Developer/Software Engineer
5 464 (7.04%) Java Engineer
6 440 (6.67%) Senior Developer
7 417 (6.32%) Software Developer
8 393 (5.96%) Java Software Engineer
9 380 (5.76%) Java Developer
10 364 (5.52%) Python Engineer
11 357 (5.41%) C# Developer
12 324 (4.91%) Python Software Engineer
13 321 (4.87%) .NET Software Engineer
14 320 (4.85%) C# Software Engineer
14 320 (4.85%) Python Developer
15 307 (4.66%) JavaScript Developer
16 302 (4.58%) React Developer
17 289 (4.38%) .NET Developer
18 256 (3.88%) DevOps Engineer
19 245 (3.71%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,712 (25.96%) .NET
2 1,412 (21.41%) React
3 1,181 (17.91%) AngularJS
4 909 (13.78%) Node.js
5 852 (12.92%) HTML
6 826 (12.52%) .NET Core
7 775 (11.75%) CSS
8 697 (10.57%) Web Services
9 560 (8.49%) Vue.js
10 482 (7.31%) REST
11 478 (7.25%) Spring
12 448 (6.79%) Kafka
13 395 (5.99%) ASP.NET
14 369 (5.60%) .NET Framework
15 365 (5.53%) RESTful
16 350 (5.31%) HTML5
17 295 (4.47%) Spring Boot
18 235 (3.56%) CSS3
19 234 (3.55%) RabbitMQ
20 209 (3.17%) React Native
Miscellaneous
1 479 (7.26%) Algorithms
2 475 (7.20%) Greenfield Project
3 335 (5.08%) Hedge funds
4 312 (4.73%) Derivative
5 302 (4.58%) Data Structures
6 290 (4.40%) Fixed Income
7 284 (4.31%) Analytical Skills
8 275 (4.17%) Equities
9 263 (3.99%) User Experience
10 252 (3.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 201 (3.05%) Mobile App
12 152 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
13 134 (2.03%) Blog
14 124 (1.88%) Cloud Native
15 111 (1.68%) Management Information System
16 107 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
17 93 (1.41%) Virtual Team
18 86 (1.30%) Embedded Systems
19 68 (1.03%) Public Cloud
20 58 (0.88%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 940 (14.25%) Linux
2 373 (5.66%) Windows
3 174 (2.64%) Android
4 149 (2.26%) Unix
5 143 (2.17%) Apple iOS
6 45 (0.68%) CentOS
7 44 (0.67%) Embedded Linux
8 42 (0.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 25 (0.38%) Windows Server
10 14 (0.21%) VMS
11 12 (0.18%) Debian
12 11 (0.17%) VxWorks
13 9 (0.14%) Ubuntu
14 8 (0.12%) Mac OS X
14 8 (0.12%) Windows 10
15 6 (0.091%) Mac OS
16 5 (0.076%) Fedora
16 5 (0.076%) Windows Server 2016
17 4 (0.061%) Solaris
18 3 (0.045%) Amazon Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,141 (47.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,415 (21.46%) DevOps
3 1,351 (20.49%) Microservices
4 1,125 (17.06%) TDD
5 941 (14.27%) Scrum
6 810 (12.28%) Computer Science
7 670 (10.16%) Test Automation
8 632 (9.58%) OO
9 588 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
10 562 (8.52%) Problem-Solving
11 510 (7.73%) Mentoring
12 501 (7.60%) Unit Testing
13 457 (6.93%) Fintech
14 453 (6.87%) Open Source
15 428 (6.49%) SDLC
16 426 (6.46%) Analytics
17 422 (6.40%) MVC
18 403 (6.11%) BDD
19 385 (5.84%) Asset Management
20 382 (5.79%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2,485 (37.68%) JavaScript
2 2,192 (33.24%) Java
3 2,104 (31.90%) Python
4 2,014 (30.54%) C#
5 1,522 (23.08%) SQL
6 1,053 (15.97%) C++
7 593 (8.99%) TypeScript
8 504 (7.64%) C
9 455 (6.90%) Go
10 287 (4.35%) Kotlin
11 254 (3.85%) PHP
12 248 (3.76%) Scala
13 235 (3.56%) Ruby
14 213 (3.23%) Java 8
15 116 (1.76%) Embedded C
16 110 (1.67%) T-SQL
17 109 (1.65%) Bash Shell
18 108 (1.64%) R
19 92 (1.39%) PowerShell
20 83 (1.26%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,037 (15.72%) Degree
2 325 (4.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 316 (4.79%) Security Cleared
4 236 (3.58%) SC Cleared
5 96 (1.46%) Numerate Degree
6 62 (0.94%) PhD
7 53 (0.80%) DV Cleared
8 37 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 32 (0.49%) Master's Degree
10 29 (0.44%) HND
11 25 (0.38%) HNC
12 21 (0.32%) AWS Certification
13 19 (0.29%) ISTQB
14 11 (0.17%) ISEB
15 8 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
15 8 (0.12%) OSCP
16 7 (0.11%) PMI Certification
16 7 (0.11%) SANS
17 6 (0.091%) OSCE
18 5 (0.076%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 303 (4.59%) QA
2 35 (0.53%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 30 (0.45%) GDPR
4 18 (0.27%) ISO 9001
5 15 (0.23%) PMO
6 14 (0.21%) SLA
7 13 (0.20%) ISO 26262
8 12 (0.18%) Data Quality
8 12 (0.18%) NIST
9 9 (0.14%) PCI DSS
10 8 (0.12%) MISRA
11 7 (0.11%) ISO 13485
11 7 (0.11%) WCAG
12 4 (0.061%) Def Stans
13 3 (0.045%) EMIR
13 3 (0.045%) MiFID
13 3 (0.045%) NIST 800
14 2 (0.030%) COBIT
14 2 (0.030%) GAMP
14 2 (0.030%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,353 (20.52%) Docker
2 46 (0.70%) Firmware
3 45 (0.68%) HDFS
4 33 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (0.39%) Active Directory
6 15 (0.23%) Hyper-V
6 15 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 7 (0.11%) KVM
8 5 (0.076%) vSphere
9 4 (0.061%) Kamailio
9 4 (0.061%) OpenSIPS
10 3 (0.045%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (0.030%) etcd
11 2 (0.030%) iptables
11 2 (0.030%) Virtual Servers
11 2 (0.030%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.015%) Gluster
12 1 (0.015%) GlusterFS
12 1 (0.015%) LXC
12 1 (0.015%) NFS
Systems Management
1 1,024 (15.53%) Kubernetes
2 482 (7.31%) Terraform
3 271 (4.11%) Ansible
4 97 (1.47%) Puppet
5 55 (0.83%) Opscode Chef
6 52 (0.79%) Prometheus
7 49 (0.74%) Grafana
8 23 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
9 22 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
10 19 (0.29%) Consul
11 17 (0.26%) Rancher
12 16 (0.24%) Graphite
12 16 (0.24%) Istio
12 16 (0.24%) Nagios
13 15 (0.23%) Packer
14 14 (0.21%) Kibana
15 12 (0.18%) ZABBIX
16 8 (0.12%) Marathon
16 8 (0.12%) Mesos
16 8 (0.12%) Oozie
Vendors
1 457 (6.93%) Microsoft
2 240 (3.64%) Google
3 221 (3.35%) Oracle
4 88 (1.33%) Atlassian
5 72 (1.09%) VMware
6 70 (1.06%) IBM
7 66 (1.00%) SAP
8 63 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
9 61 (0.92%) Talend
10 55 (0.83%) Xamarin
11 46 (0.70%) Cloudera
12 40 (0.61%) MuleSoft
13 37 (0.56%) Informatica
13 37 (0.56%) Red Hat
14 33 (0.50%) TIBCO
15 29 (0.44%) Dell
16 24 (0.36%) Apple
17 23 (0.35%) Facebook
18 22 (0.33%) UiPath
19 21 (0.32%) Adobe