Period
to 26 March 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 26 March 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
26 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 22 25
Rank change year-on-year +3 +3 +1
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 15,533 15,295 12,909
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.47% 8.74% 7.51%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.41% 9.52% 8.23%
Number of salaries quoted 11,965 12,340 10,970
UK median annual salary £54,000 £52,500 £49,056
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.86% +7.02% +3.28%
10th Percentile £31,600 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £81,250 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £44,500
% change year-on-year - +6.74% +4.71%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 136,163 160,647 156,900
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 91.77% 91.80% 91.33%
Number of salaries quoted 107,231 131,041 129,109
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 26 March 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 26 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 14,144 £55,000 +4.76% 2,543
UK excluding London +3 9,410 £47,500 - 2,080
London +7 5,755 £70,000 +12.00% 731
South East +7 3,175 £50,000 +5.26% 532
North of England +6 1,952 £47,500 - 422
South West -1 1,330 £45,000 -2.17% 272
Midlands +12 1,050 £45,000 - 224
North West +3 982 £50,000 +5.26% 224
East of England -8 835 £50,000 -4.31% 363
Yorkshire +11 823 £45,000 -5.26% 154
Scotland +7 732 £45,000 - 175
West Midlands +11 655 £45,000 - 131
East Midlands +9 400 £45,000 - 91
Wales +24 227 £40,000 -2.44% 72
North East +16 154 £50,000 - 44
Northern Ireland -3 129 £42,500 +6.25% 21

For the 6 months to 26 March 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,797 (50.20%) Agile Software Development
2 6,398 (41.19%) Java
3 5,187 (33.39%) C#
4 4,368 (28.12%) JavaScript
5 3,654 (23.52%) Python
6 3,645 (23.47%) Degree
7 3,626 (23.34%) C++
8 3,563 (22.94%) .NET
9 3,489 (22.46%) SQL
10 2,789 (17.96%) Computer Science
11 2,672 (17.20%) Finance
12 2,663 (17.14%) TDD
13 2,647 (17.04%) Amazon AWS
14 2,548 (16.40%) HTML
15 2,515 (16.19%) Linux
16 2,422 (15.59%) DevOps
17 2,341 (15.07%) Scrum
18 2,296 (14.78%) CSS
19 2,247 (14.47%) Microservices
20 2,214 (14.25%) AngularJS
21 2,068 (13.31%) C
22 1,959 (12.61%) Microsoft Azure
23 1,938 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
24 1,899 (12.23%) Microsoft
25 1,839 (11.84%) Test Automation
26 1,816 (11.69%) MVC
27 1,803 (11.61%) OO
28 1,741 (11.21%) Docker
29 1,719 (11.07%) Git (software)
30 1,672 (10.76%) ASP.NET

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 544 (3.50%) Apache Spark
2 511 (3.29%) Apache
3 456 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
4 278 (1.79%) Confluence
5 238 (1.53%) CMS
6 159 (1.02%) Tomcat
7 125 (0.80%) JBoss
8 117 (0.75%) Oracle Workflow
9 114 (0.73%) IIS
10 102 (0.66%) SharePoint
11 86 (0.55%) nginx
12 77 (0.50%) Apache Solr
13 65 (0.42%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 59 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
14 59 (0.38%) SAS
15 54 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
16 51 (0.33%) WebSphere
17 48 (0.31%) WordPress
18 44 (0.28%) OpenStack
19 40 (0.26%) Ethereum
Applications
1 135 (0.87%) Chatbot
2 106 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 74 (0.48%) Microsoft Excel
4 23 (0.15%) Simulink
5 22 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 20 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 13 (0.084%) Fireworks
7 13 (0.084%) MS Visio
8 12 (0.077%) Snapchat
9 11 (0.071%) Maple
9 11 (0.071%) Photoshop
9 11 (0.071%) SPSS
10 9 (0.058%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.058%) SOLIDWORKS
11 8 (0.052%) Spreadsheet
12 6 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
13 5 (0.032%) AutoCAD
13 5 (0.032%) Stateflow
13 5 (0.032%) TargetLink
14 3 (0.019%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 135 (0.87%) Temenos T24
2 104 (0.67%) thinkFolio
3 90 (0.58%) Dynamics CRM
4 73 (0.47%) SAP Hybris
5 47 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
6 33 (0.21%) Magento
7 30 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
8 23 (0.15%) SDL Web 8
9 20 (0.13%) Summit
10 18 (0.12%) R3 Corda
11 16 (0.10%) Actimize
12 15 (0.097%) SAP CRM
13 14 (0.090%) Dynamics NAV
14 10 (0.064%) Odoo
14 10 (0.064%) SAP ERP
15 9 (0.058%) SimCorp Dimension
16 8 (0.052%) Shopify
17 5 (0.032%) Dynamics AX
17 5 (0.032%) Oracle EBS R12
17 5 (0.032%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,647 (17.04%) Amazon AWS
2 1,959 (12.61%) Microsoft Azure
3 799 (5.14%) Google Cloud Platform
4 529 (3.41%) SaaS
5 456 (2.94%) GitHub
6 347 (2.23%) Cloud Computing
7 273 (1.76%) Serverless
8 259 (1.67%) PaaS
9 176 (1.13%) AWS Lambda
10 160 (1.03%) Amazon S3
11 149 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
12 141 (0.91%) npm
13 114 (0.73%) OpenShift
14 108 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
15 94 (0.61%) IaaS
16 86 (0.55%) Office 365
17 82 (0.53%) Slack
18 76 (0.49%) IBM Cloud
19 72 (0.46%) Amazon SQS
20 67 (0.43%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 302 (1.94%) TCP/IP
2 255 (1.64%) Internet
3 236 (1.52%) HTTP
4 142 (0.91%) Wireless
5 132 (0.85%) RS-485
6 124 (0.80%) Firewall
7 100 (0.64%) Modbus
8 89 (0.57%) Network Security
9 60 (0.39%) Bluetooth
10 57 (0.37%) Wi-Fi
11 53 (0.34%) RS-232
11 53 (0.34%) WAN
12 50 (0.32%) DNS
12 50 (0.32%) VPN
13 49 (0.32%) LAN
14 48 (0.31%) Ethernet
15 47 (0.30%) AMQP
16 39 (0.25%) Broadband
16 39 (0.25%) H.323
17 35 (0.23%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,560 (10.04%) SQL Server
2 1,176 (7.57%) Big Data
3 1,111 (7.15%) NoSQL
4 937 (6.03%) MySQL
5 677 (4.36%) Hadoop
6 650 (4.18%) PostgreSQL
6 650 (4.18%) Relational Database
7 628 (4.04%) MongoDB
8 418 (2.69%) Apache Cassandra
9 276 (1.78%) Redis
10 253 (1.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 223 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
12 219 (1.41%) Apache Hive
13 207 (1.33%) RDBMS
14 169 (1.09%) Blockchain
14 169 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
15 163 (1.05%) HBase
16 161 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
17 152 (0.98%) Neo4j
18 132 (0.85%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,719 (11.07%) Git (software)
2 1,118 (7.20%) Jenkins
3 711 (4.58%) JIRA
4 640 (4.12%) Visual Studio
5 560 (3.61%) Maven
6 540 (3.48%) Selenium
7 345 (2.22%) Subversion
8 311 (2.00%) JUnit
9 273 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 264 (1.70%) Cucumber
11 250 (1.61%) Bitbucket
12 244 (1.57%) webpack
13 241 (1.55%) Eclipse
14 236 (1.52%) Team Foundation Server
15 210 (1.35%) gulp
16 198 (1.27%) Gradle
17 181 (1.17%) TeamCity
18 145 (0.93%) GitLab
19 143 (0.92%) NUnit
20 135 (0.87%) Mockito
General
1 2,672 (17.20%) Finance
2 962 (6.19%) Banking
3 728 (4.69%) Retail
4 612 (3.94%) Marketing
5 579 (3.73%) Games
6 544 (3.50%) Electronics
7 489 (3.15%) Telecoms
8 387 (2.49%) Manufacturing
9 341 (2.20%) Front Office
10 258 (1.66%) Automotive
11 221 (1.42%) Law
12 211 (1.36%) Military
13 197 (1.27%) Aerospace
14 142 (0.91%) Advertising
15 134 (0.86%) Publishing
16 127 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
17 115 (0.74%) Legal
18 100 (0.64%) Investment Banking
19 74 (0.48%) Back Office
20 65 (0.42%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 6,243 (40.19%) Software Engineer
2 5,471 (35.22%) Developer
3 1,612 (10.38%) Java Developer
4 1,547 (9.96%) Senior Software Engineer
5 1,275 (8.21%) C# Developer
6 1,151 (7.41%) Java Engineer
7 1,126 (7.25%) Senior Developer
8 1,121 (7.22%) Software Developer
9 1,016 (6.54%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,005 (6.47%) .NET Developer
11 800 (5.15%) C# Software Engineer
12 697 (4.49%) C# .NET Developer
13 694 (4.47%) Architect
14 668 (4.30%) C++ Software Engineer
15 656 (4.22%) Embedded Engineer
16 613 (3.95%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 595 (3.83%) Graduate
18 590 (3.80%) Junior
19 555 (3.57%) Developer/Software Engineer
20 546 (3.52%) .NET Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,563 (22.94%) .NET
2 2,548 (16.40%) HTML
3 2,296 (14.78%) CSS
4 2,214 (14.25%) AngularJS
5 1,672 (10.76%) ASP.NET
6 1,442 (9.28%) React
7 1,371 (8.83%) Spring
8 1,366 (8.79%) Web Services
9 1,349 (8.68%) RESTful
10 1,344 (8.65%) Node.js
11 867 (5.58%) HTML5
12 864 (5.56%) REST
13 863 (5.56%) ASP.NET MVC
14 762 (4.91%) jQuery
15 714 (4.60%) Kafka
16 711 (4.58%) XML
17 587 (3.78%) .NET Framework
18 543 (3.50%) .NET Core
19 536 (3.45%) JSON
20 532 (3.42%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,066 (6.86%) Greenfield Project
2 1,043 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
3 1,001 (6.44%) Algorithms
4 888 (5.72%) User Experience
5 886 (5.70%) Fintech
6 502 (3.23%) Enterprise Software
7 476 (3.06%) Mobile App
8 419 (2.70%) Management Information System
9 405 (2.61%) Data Structures
10 368 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
11 366 (2.36%) Derivative
12 346 (2.23%) Fixed Income
13 330 (2.12%) Hedge funds
14 315 (2.03%) Equities
15 295 (1.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 292 (1.88%) Embedded Systems
17 233 (1.50%) Robotics
18 213 (1.37%) Cloud Native
19 202 (1.30%) Virtual Team
20 191 (1.23%) Device Driver
Operating Systems
1 2,515 (16.19%) Linux
2 1,128 (7.26%) Windows
3 655 (4.22%) Android
4 488 (3.14%) Unix
5 395 (2.54%) Apple iOS
6 169 (1.09%) Embedded Linux
7 128 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 122 (0.79%) FreeRTOS
9 118 (0.76%) Ubuntu
10 115 (0.74%) CentOS
11 77 (0.50%) Windows Server
12 58 (0.37%) Mac OS X
13 51 (0.33%) Mac OS
14 38 (0.24%) Windows 10
15 35 (0.23%) Debian
16 31 (0.20%) Windows 7
17 26 (0.17%) Robot Operating System
18 22 (0.14%) VxWorks
19 20 (0.13%) Fedora
19 20 (0.13%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,797 (50.20%) Agile Software Development
2 2,789 (17.96%) Computer Science
3 2,663 (17.14%) TDD
4 2,422 (15.59%) DevOps
5 2,341 (15.07%) Scrum
6 2,247 (14.47%) Microservices
7 1,938 (12.48%) Continuous Integration
8 1,839 (11.84%) Test Automation
9 1,816 (11.69%) MVC
10 1,803 (11.61%) OO
11 1,657 (10.67%) Problem-Solving
12 1,498 (9.64%) Mentoring
13 1,360 (8.76%) SDLC
14 1,339 (8.62%) Machine Learning
15 1,298 (8.36%) Mathematics
16 1,209 (7.78%) Analytics
17 1,064 (6.85%) BDD
18 1,056 (6.80%) Open Source
19 1,055 (6.79%) Unit Testing
20 1,035 (6.66%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 6,398 (41.19%) Java
2 5,187 (33.39%) C#
3 4,368 (28.12%) JavaScript
4 3,654 (23.52%) Python
5 3,626 (23.34%) C++
6 3,489 (22.46%) SQL
7 2,068 (13.31%) C
8 717 (4.62%) PHP
9 670 (4.31%) Ruby
9 670 (4.31%) Scala
10 667 (4.29%) Java 8
11 586 (3.77%) TypeScript
12 539 (3.47%) Go
13 392 (2.52%) Bash Shell
14 336 (2.16%) R
15 321 (2.07%) T-SQL
16 278 (1.79%) Embedded C
17 267 (1.72%) ES6
18 264 (1.70%) PL/SQL
19 243 (1.56%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 3,645 (23.47%) Degree
2 1,006 (6.48%) Computer Science Degree
3 812 (5.23%) Security Cleared
4 515 (3.32%) SC Cleared
5 382 (2.46%) PhD
6 299 (1.92%) DV Cleared
7 167 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
8 91 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
9 79 (0.51%) CISSP
10 77 (0.50%) Master's Degree
11 58 (0.37%) HND
12 57 (0.37%) ISEB
13 55 (0.35%) AWS Certification
13 55 (0.35%) ISTQB
13 55 (0.35%) SAFe Agilist
14 46 (0.30%) MCP
15 45 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
16 42 (0.27%) Chartered Engineer
17 39 (0.25%) CEH
17 39 (0.25%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,154 (7.43%) QA
2 138 (0.89%) GDPR
3 63 (0.41%) Data Quality
4 55 (0.35%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 50 (0.32%) SLA
6 40 (0.26%) MiFID
7 35 (0.23%) DO-178B
8 31 (0.20%) IEC 61508
9 29 (0.19%) JTAG
10 27 (0.17%) MISRA
11 26 (0.17%) DICOM
12 25 (0.16%) PSD2
13 22 (0.14%) ISO 13485
14 20 (0.13%) ISO 9001
15 19 (0.12%) MISRA C
16 17 (0.11%) DO-254
16 17 (0.11%) GPG13
17 11 (0.071%) GAMP
18 10 (0.064%) PCI DSS
19 9 (0.058%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 1,741 (11.21%) Docker
2 281 (1.81%) Firmware
3 113 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
4 84 (0.54%) Active Directory
5 57 (0.37%) VirtualBox
6 52 (0.33%) vSphere
7 43 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 41 (0.26%) Virtual Machines
9 38 (0.24%) HDFS
10 37 (0.24%) Hyper-V
11 19 (0.12%) Apache Flume
12 18 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
13 16 (0.10%) etcd
13 16 (0.10%) Virtual Servers
14 10 (0.064%) Xen
15 7 (0.045%) Oracle RAC
15 7 (0.045%) VMware NSX
16 6 (0.039%) iptables
16 6 (0.039%) Squid
17 5 (0.032%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1,016 (6.54%) Kubernetes
2 617 (3.97%) Ansible
3 546 (3.52%) Terraform
4 407 (2.62%) Puppet
5 336 (2.16%) Opscode Chef
6 89 (0.57%) Prometheus
7 65 (0.42%) Oozie
8 60 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
9 57 (0.37%) Grafana
10 49 (0.32%) HP ALM
11 46 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
12 43 (0.28%) Packer
13 38 (0.24%) Mesos
13 38 (0.24%) Rancher
14 37 (0.24%) Kibana
15 36 (0.23%) Nagios
16 35 (0.23%) Salt
17 29 (0.19%) Graphite
18 26 (0.17%) SCCM
18 26 (0.17%) SELinux
Vendors
1 1,899 (12.23%) Microsoft
2 796 (5.12%) Oracle
3 793 (5.11%) Google
4 321 (2.07%) SAP
5 190 (1.22%) IBM
6 179 (1.15%) VMware
7 150 (0.97%) Atlassian
8 147 (0.95%) Tableau
8 147 (0.95%) Xamarin
9 136 (0.88%) Sitecore
10 126 (0.81%) Cloudera
10 126 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
11 121 (0.78%) Adobe
12 115 (0.74%) hybris
13 109 (0.70%) Red Hat
14 105 (0.68%) Charles River
15 98 (0.63%) HP
16 91 (0.59%) WorldPay
17 81 (0.52%) Cadence
18 70 (0.45%) Cisco