Period
to 19 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Software Engineering skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Software Engineering
UK
6 months to
19 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 23 25
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +3
Permanent jobs citing Software Engineering 14,868 15,411 13,641
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.18% 8.85% 7.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 11.06% 9.63% 8.35%
Number of salaries quoted 11,313 12,082 11,116
UK median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +10.53% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £29,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £42,763
% change year-on-year - +11.08% -2.81%

Software Engineering is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 134,381 159,990 163,433
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.04% 91.90% 91.98%
Number of salaries quoted 105,779 127,944 131,732
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,000 £28,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Software Engineering
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Software Engineering as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Software Engineering.

Salary trend for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Software Engineering over the 6 months to 19 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Software Engineering in the UK

Software Engineering
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Software Engineering within the UK over the 6 months to 19 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 13,427 £55,000 +4.76% 2,837
UK excluding London 0 9,010 £47,500 - 2,184
London +8 5,528 £70,000 +7.69% 914
South East +4 2,853 £50,000 - 543
North of England +5 2,013 £47,500 +5.56% 439
South West +2 1,388 £46,500 -2.11% 335
North West +5 1,129 £50,000 +2.56% 232
Scotland +6 932 £45,000 -10.00% 164
Midlands +2 870 £47,500 +5.56% 264
Yorkshire +3 770 £45,000 - 151
East of England -4 711 £52,500 +5.00% 345
West Midlands +1 561 £50,000 +11.11% 165
East Midlands +2 309 £43,000 -4.44% 99
Wales +12 184 £45,000 +5.88% 64
North East -1 113 £45,000 -5.26% 56
Northern Ireland -16 60 £40,000 -11.11% 33
Isle of Man +4 5 £45,000 +11.11%
Channel Islands - 1 £52,500 -

For the 6 months to 19 July 2019, IT jobs citing Software Engineering also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Software Engineering.

1 7,793 (52.41%) Agile Software Development
2 5,669 (38.13%) Java
3 4,919 (33.08%) C#
4 4,325 (29.09%) JavaScript
5 3,558 (23.93%) .NET
6 3,527 (23.72%) Python
7 3,302 (22.21%) C++
8 3,154 (21.21%) SQL
9 3,127 (21.03%) Degree
10 2,983 (20.06%) DevOps
11 2,892 (19.45%) Amazon AWS
12 2,787 (18.74%) Finance
13 2,366 (15.91%) Linux
14 2,337 (15.72%) TDD
15 2,335 (15.70%) Computer Science
16 2,239 (15.06%) Scrum
17 2,227 (14.98%) HTML
18 2,090 (14.06%) Microservices
19 2,061 (13.86%) Docker
20 2,038 (13.71%) AngularJS
21 2,030 (13.65%) Microsoft Azure
22 1,957 (13.16%) Git (software)
23 1,952 (13.13%) CSS
24 1,937 (13.03%) Continuous Integration
25 1,853 (12.46%) C
26 1,779 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
27 1,709 (11.49%) React
28 1,699 (11.43%) Test Automation
29 1,633 (10.98%) Microsoft
30 1,604 (10.79%) OO

Software Engineering
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 500 (3.36%) Apache Spark
2 410 (2.76%) Elasticsearch
3 345 (2.32%) Apache
4 298 (2.00%) Confluence
5 224 (1.51%) CMS
6 159 (1.07%) Tomcat
7 140 (0.94%) Oracle Workflow
8 127 (0.85%) JBoss
9 104 (0.70%) WebSphere
10 97 (0.65%) SAS
11 95 (0.64%) IIS
11 95 (0.64%) SharePoint
12 84 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 66 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
14 65 (0.44%) Sitecore CMS
15 52 (0.35%) Apache Solr
15 52 (0.35%) WebLogic
16 50 (0.34%) Hyperledger
17 48 (0.32%) nginx
18 47 (0.32%) OpenStack
Applications
1 77 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 66 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 40 (0.27%) Simulink
4 35 (0.24%) Sketch
5 34 (0.23%) Chatbot
6 23 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 22 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
8 18 (0.12%) EngageOne
9 17 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
10 15 (0.10%) SPSS
11 14 (0.094%) Adobe Illustrator
12 13 (0.087%) Fireworks
12 13 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
13 11 (0.074%) InVision
14 10 (0.067%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 10 (0.067%) Stateflow
15 9 (0.061%) MS Visio
15 9 (0.061%) TargetLink
16 8 (0.054%) Mathematica
16 8 (0.054%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 83 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
2 67 (0.45%) thinkFolio
3 54 (0.36%) Front Arena
3 54 (0.36%) Markit EDM
4 41 (0.28%) Payment Gateway
5 38 (0.26%) Magento
6 30 (0.20%) Summit
7 27 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
8 25 (0.17%) SDL Web 8
9 21 (0.14%) Temenos T24
10 15 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
11 9 (0.061%) R3 Corda
11 9 (0.061%) SimCorp Dimension
12 7 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
12 7 (0.047%) MultiChain
12 7 (0.047%) Quorum
13 6 (0.040%) SAP ERP
14 5 (0.034%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 5 (0.034%) Teamcenter
14 5 (0.034%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 2,892 (19.45%) Amazon AWS
2 2,030 (13.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 907 (6.10%) Google Cloud Platform
4 626 (4.21%) SaaS
5 558 (3.75%) GitHub
6 481 (3.24%) Serverless
7 337 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
8 316 (2.13%) AWS Lambda
9 275 (1.85%) Amazon EC2
10 269 (1.81%) PaaS
11 216 (1.45%) Amazon S3
12 177 (1.19%) OpenShift
13 150 (1.01%) AWS CloudFormation
14 144 (0.97%) Office 365
15 140 (0.94%) Amazon ECS
16 137 (0.92%) Power Platform
17 134 (0.90%) IaaS
18 124 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
19 120 (0.81%) npm
20 88 (0.59%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 245 (1.65%) Internet
2 229 (1.54%) TCP/IP
3 192 (1.29%) HTTP
4 118 (0.79%) Firewall
5 95 (0.64%) Wireless
6 71 (0.48%) RS-485
7 69 (0.46%) Broadband
7 69 (0.46%) Network Security
8 63 (0.42%) DNS
9 55 (0.37%) Ethernet
9 55 (0.37%) RS-232
10 54 (0.36%) Wi-Fi
11 49 (0.33%) VPN
12 48 (0.32%) Bluetooth
13 37 (0.25%) DHCP
14 35 (0.24%) Skype
15 34 (0.23%) HTTPS
15 34 (0.23%) Modbus
15 34 (0.23%) SSH
16 33 (0.22%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,561 (10.50%) SQL Server
2 963 (6.48%) NoSQL
3 943 (6.34%) Big Data
4 846 (5.69%) MySQL
5 669 (4.50%) Relational Database
6 587 (3.95%) MongoDB
7 557 (3.75%) Hadoop
7 557 (3.75%) PostgreSQL
8 303 (2.04%) Apache Cassandra
9 252 (1.69%) Amazon Redshift
10 222 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
11 219 (1.47%) Redis
12 189 (1.27%) RDBMS
13 182 (1.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 179 (1.20%) Amazon RDS
15 172 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 167 (1.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 166 (1.12%) Neo4j
18 157 (1.06%) Blockchain
19 132 (0.89%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,957 (13.16%) Git (software)
2 1,257 (8.45%) Jenkins
3 837 (5.63%) JIRA
4 571 (3.84%) Visual Studio
5 527 (3.54%) Maven
6 498 (3.35%) Selenium
7 335 (2.25%) Subversion
8 295 (1.98%) Bitbucket
9 281 (1.89%) JUnit
10 273 (1.84%) Cucumber
11 257 (1.73%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 249 (1.67%) GitLab
13 218 (1.47%) Team Foundation Server
14 205 (1.38%) Eclipse
15 195 (1.31%) TeamCity
16 192 (1.29%) webpack
17 171 (1.15%) Artifactory
18 161 (1.08%) Gradle
19 144 (0.97%) gulp
20 143 (0.96%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 2,787 (18.74%) Finance
2 1,025 (6.89%) Banking
3 865 (5.82%) Retail
4 548 (3.69%) Marketing
5 456 (3.07%) Electronics
6 410 (2.76%) Front Office
7 408 (2.74%) Games
8 383 (2.58%) Telecoms
9 265 (1.78%) Manufacturing
10 224 (1.51%) Law
11 215 (1.45%) Aerospace
12 160 (1.08%) Military
13 151 (1.02%) Automotive
14 142 (0.96%) Advertising
15 125 (0.84%) Pharmaceutical
16 116 (0.78%) Legal
17 83 (0.56%) Investment Banking
18 82 (0.55%) Publishing
19 71 (0.48%) German Language
20 68 (0.46%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 5,997 (40.33%) Software Engineer
2 4,935 (33.19%) Developer
3 1,396 (9.39%) Senior Software Engineer
4 1,281 (8.62%) Java Developer
5 1,136 (7.64%) Software Developer
6 1,125 (7.57%) C# Developer
7 1,016 (6.83%) Java Engineer
8 957 (6.44%) .NET Developer
9 947 (6.37%) Senior Developer
10 873 (5.87%) Java Software Engineer
11 747 (5.02%) C# Software Engineer
12 657 (4.42%) C# .NET Developer
13 651 (4.38%) C++ Software Engineer
14 643 (4.32%) Architect
15 606 (4.08%) Junior
16 540 (3.63%) Embedded Engineer
17 536 (3.61%) .NET Software Engineer
18 524 (3.52%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 511 (3.44%) Embedded Software Engineer
20 503 (3.38%) Graduate
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,558 (23.93%) .NET
2 2,227 (14.98%) HTML
3 2,038 (13.71%) AngularJS
4 1,952 (13.13%) CSS
5 1,709 (11.49%) React
6 1,516 (10.20%) ASP.NET
7 1,446 (9.73%) Node.js
8 1,427 (9.60%) Web Services
9 1,368 (9.20%) Spring
10 1,275 (8.58%) RESTful
11 854 (5.74%) REST
12 771 (5.19%) HTML5
13 733 (4.93%) XML
14 702 (4.72%) ASP.NET MVC
15 638 (4.29%) jQuery
16 636 (4.28%) Kafka
17 617 (4.15%) .NET Core
18 597 (4.02%) .NET Framework
19 561 (3.77%) Spring Boot
20 508 (3.42%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,013 (6.81%) Analytical Skills
2 1,009 (6.79%) Algorithms
3 931 (6.26%) Greenfield Project
4 857 (5.76%) User Experience
5 491 (3.30%) Mobile App
6 463 (3.11%) Self-Motivation
7 462 (3.11%) Enterprise Software
8 408 (2.74%) Derivative
9 385 (2.59%) Fixed Income
10 351 (2.36%) Hedge funds
11 331 (2.23%) Robotics
12 324 (2.18%) Data Structures
13 257 (1.73%) Embedded Systems
14 255 (1.72%) Virtual Team
15 246 (1.65%) Cloud Native
16 236 (1.59%) Equities
17 234 (1.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 227 (1.53%) Public Cloud
19 209 (1.41%) Management Information System
20 134 (0.90%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,366 (15.91%) Linux
2 1,249 (8.40%) Windows
3 543 (3.65%) Android
4 477 (3.21%) Unix
5 331 (2.23%) Apple iOS
6 111 (0.75%) Embedded Linux
6 111 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 106 (0.71%) CentOS
8 101 (0.68%) Windows Server
9 99 (0.67%) Ubuntu
10 60 (0.40%) Mac OS
11 56 (0.38%) Mac OS X
12 55 (0.37%) FreeRTOS
13 41 (0.28%) Windows 10
14 31 (0.21%) VxWorks
15 29 (0.20%) Debian
16 25 (0.17%) Fedora
16 25 (0.17%) Windows 7
17 22 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
18 18 (0.12%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,793 (52.41%) Agile Software Development
2 2,983 (20.06%) DevOps
3 2,337 (15.72%) TDD
4 2,335 (15.70%) Computer Science
5 2,239 (15.06%) Scrum
6 2,090 (14.06%) Microservices
7 1,937 (13.03%) Continuous Integration
8 1,779 (11.97%) Problem-Solving
9 1,699 (11.43%) Test Automation
10 1,604 (10.79%) OO
11 1,580 (10.63%) MVC
12 1,538 (10.34%) Mentoring
13 1,389 (9.34%) SDLC
14 1,176 (7.91%) Mathematics
15 1,102 (7.41%) Machine Learning
16 1,098 (7.38%) BDD
17 1,081 (7.27%) Analytics
18 1,057 (7.11%) Unit Testing
19 1,009 (6.79%) Open Source
20 967 (6.50%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 5,669 (38.13%) Java
2 4,919 (33.08%) C#
3 4,325 (29.09%) JavaScript
4 3,527 (23.72%) Python
5 3,302 (22.21%) C++
6 3,154 (21.21%) SQL
7 1,853 (12.46%) C
8 728 (4.90%) PHP
9 656 (4.41%) Ruby
10 613 (4.12%) Scala
11 599 (4.03%) TypeScript
12 566 (3.81%) Java 8
13 494 (3.32%) Go
14 387 (2.60%) Bash Shell
15 328 (2.21%) R
16 280 (1.88%) T-SQL
17 278 (1.87%) PL/SQL
18 273 (1.84%) ES6
19 270 (1.82%) Kotlin
20 250 (1.68%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 3,127 (21.03%) Degree
2 907 (6.10%) Computer Science Degree
3 846 (5.69%) Security Cleared
4 528 (3.55%) SC Cleared
5 327 (2.20%) DV Cleared
6 274 (1.84%) PhD
7 219 (1.47%) Numerate Degree
8 125 (0.84%) CISSP
9 114 (0.77%) Microsoft Certification
10 94 (0.63%) AWS Certification
11 87 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
12 81 (0.54%) HND
13 76 (0.51%) Master's Degree
14 62 (0.42%) CISM
15 58 (0.39%) CCNA
15 58 (0.39%) ISTQB
16 56 (0.38%) MCP
17 41 (0.28%) SANS
18 40 (0.27%) MCSE
19 39 (0.26%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 899 (6.05%) QA
2 95 (0.64%) GDPR
3 51 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 39 (0.26%) Data Quality
5 38 (0.26%) SLA
6 37 (0.25%) IEC 61508
7 34 (0.23%) DICOM
8 30 (0.20%) ISO 9001
9 25 (0.17%) MISRA
10 23 (0.15%) JSP 440
11 22 (0.15%) HMG Infosec
11 22 (0.15%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 22 (0.15%) NIST
12 20 (0.13%) DO-178B
12 20 (0.13%) PCI DSS
13 17 (0.11%) PSD2
14 16 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 15 (0.10%) MISRA C
16 14 (0.094%) PMO
17 13 (0.087%) JTAG
System Software
1 2,061 (13.86%) Docker
2 186 (1.25%) Firmware
3 113 (0.76%) Active Directory
4 68 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
5 60 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
6 51 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 48 (0.32%) Hyper-V
8 43 (0.29%) VirtualBox
9 39 (0.26%) vSphere
10 25 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
11 23 (0.15%) Apache Flume
12 19 (0.13%) HDFS
13 14 (0.094%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
13 14 (0.094%) XenApp
13 14 (0.094%) XenDesktop
14 13 (0.087%) Microsoft App-V
14 13 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
15 12 (0.081%) pfSense
16 10 (0.067%) Squid
16 10 (0.067%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,326 (8.92%) Kubernetes
2 724 (4.87%) Ansible
3 708 (4.76%) Terraform
4 329 (2.21%) Puppet
5 324 (2.18%) Opscode Chef
6 111 (0.75%) Prometheus
7 71 (0.48%) Grafana
8 62 (0.42%) Rancher
9 53 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
10 49 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
11 44 (0.30%) Kibana
12 43 (0.29%) Nagios
13 37 (0.25%) SELinux
14 36 (0.24%) Oozie
15 31 (0.21%) Mesos
16 28 (0.19%) HP ALM
17 27 (0.18%) Microsoft Intune
18 26 (0.17%) ZABBIX
19 24 (0.16%) Ambari
19 24 (0.16%) SCCM
Vendors
1 1,633 (10.98%) Microsoft
2 898 (6.04%) Oracle
3 857 (5.76%) Google
4 332 (2.23%) SAP
5 179 (1.20%) Tableau
6 163 (1.10%) IBM
7 154 (1.04%) Adobe
8 144 (0.97%) Cloudera
9 137 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
10 130 (0.87%) VMware
11 126 (0.85%) Atlassian
11 126 (0.85%) Splunk
12 124 (0.83%) Sitecore
13 122 (0.82%) hybris
14 120 (0.81%) Bloomberg
15 116 (0.78%) Reuters
16 102 (0.69%) Red Hat
16 102 (0.69%) Xamarin
17 87 (0.59%) Cisco
18 76 (0.51%) Charles River