Period
to 19 June 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for GDPR skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited GDPR over the 6 months to 19 June 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

General Data Protection Regulation EU 2016/679 (GDPR)
UK
6 months to
19 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 221 255 232
Rank change year-on-year +34 -23 +27
Permanent jobs citing GDPR 1,595 1,050 2,164
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.55% 1.28% 1.51%
As % of the Quality Assurance & Compliance category 11.54% 9.94% 10.42%
Number of salaries quoted 896 791 1,389
10th Percentile £31,375 £35,000 £32,500
25th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £55,000
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £72,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £88,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £52,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year -8.65% +4.00% -4.76%

GDPR is in the Quality Assurance and Compliance category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills.

All Quality Assurance and Compliance Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for quality assurance or compliance skills 13,822 10,563 20,772
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.44% 12.90% 14.45%
Number of salaries quoted 8,827 8,137 15,264
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,250 £37,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £53,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +0.95% +5.00% -
75th Percentile £71,250 £70,000 £67,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -

GDPR
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing GDPR as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing GDPR.

Salary trend for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing GDPR over the 6 months to 19 June 2021.

Salary histogram for GDPR in the UK

GDPR
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing GDPR within the UK over the 6 months to 19 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +38 1,457 £55,000 - 303
UK excluding London +40 919 £47,500 -8.65% 218
London +22 589 £65,000 +8.33% 102
South East +71 343 £54,500 +4.31% 50
Work from Home -42 245 £62,904 +14.37% 71
Midlands +7 190 £46,250 -15.91% 32
North of England -57 163 £45,000 -10.00% 73
West Midlands +15 153 £50,000 -9.09% 23
South West -10 96 £47,000 -10.48% 23
North West -48 91 £45,000 -14.29% 34
East of England +28 56 £57,500 +55.16% 23
Yorkshire -36 52 £42,500 -10.53% 23
Scotland -32 41 £53,000 +32.50% 8
East Midlands -21 37 £40,000 -34.43% 9
Wales +15 27 £37,000 -29.52% 8
North East +7 20 £45,000 +23.29% 16
Northern Ireland - 4 - - 1

For the 6 months to 19 June 2021, IT jobs citing GDPR also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for GDPR.

1 623 (39.06%) Social Skills
2 495 (31.03%) Data Protection
3 486 (30.47%) Information Security
4 418 (26.21%) Microsoft
5 388 (24.33%) Finance
5 388 (24.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 351 (22.01%) Azure
7 306 (19.18%) Agile Software Development
8 291 (18.24%) Cybersecurity
9 290 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
10 282 (17.68%) Management Information System
11 265 (16.61%) Legal
12 249 (15.61%) AWS
13 244 (15.30%) Project Management
14 235 (14.73%) PCI DSS
15 224 (14.04%) Business Intelligence
16 220 (13.79%) Analytical Skills
17 210 (13.17%) Analytics
18 209 (13.10%) ITIL
18 209 (13.10%) DevOps
19 197 (12.35%) Microsoft 365
20 189 (11.85%) Manufacturing
21 183 (11.47%) CISSP
22 181 (11.35%) SQL
23 178 (11.16%) Degree
24 165 (10.34%) Python
25 160 (10.03%) Risk Management
26 156 (9.78%) Presentation Skills
27 155 (9.72%) NIST
27 155 (9.72%) Law

GDPR
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 64 (4.01%) SharePoint
2 43 (2.70%) Apache
3 37 (2.32%) Apache Airflow
4 34 (2.13%) MS Exchange
5 25 (1.57%) CMS
6 22 (1.38%) Elasticsearch
7 20 (1.25%) Apache Spark
8 19 (1.19%) Skype for Business
9 18 (1.13%) Confluence
10 9 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2013
11 8 (0.50%) WordPress
12 5 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2010
13 3 (0.19%) SAS
13 3 (0.19%) Umbraco
14 2 (0.13%) Sitecore CMS
15 1 (0.063%) Drupal
15 1 (0.063%) Jadu
15 1 (0.063%) nginx
15 1 (0.063%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 94 (5.89%) Microsoft Excel
2 73 (4.58%) Microsoft Office
3 22 (1.38%) Campfire
4 21 (1.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 15 (0.94%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.94%) Oracle Smart View
6 9 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.50%) Microsoft Project
8 3 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.19%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.063%) Acrobat
9 1 (0.063%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.063%) Revit
Business Applications
1 49 (3.07%) Oracle ERP
2 31 (1.94%) Oracle Payables
3 30 (1.88%) Dynamics CRM
4 29 (1.82%) Oracle Receivables
5 21 (1.32%) Oracle EBS
6 19 (1.19%) Oracle Cash Management
7 18 (1.13%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 15 (0.94%) Oracle General Ledger
9 14 (0.88%) Payment Gateway
10 13 (0.82%) Oracle 11i
10 13 (0.82%) Oracle EBS R12
11 11 (0.69%) Magento
12 10 (0.63%) Dynamics NAV
13 7 (0.44%) Oracle Assets
13 7 (0.44%) SAP Business One
14 6 (0.38%) NetSuite
15 4 (0.25%) Shopify
16 3 (0.19%) Eloqua
16 3 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
16 3 (0.19%) SAP GRC
Cloud Services
1 351 (22.01%) Azure
2 249 (15.61%) AWS
3 197 (12.35%) Microsoft 365
4 124 (7.77%) GCP
5 103 (6.46%) SaaS
6 95 (5.96%) Power Platform
7 74 (4.64%) Serverless
8 46 (2.88%) GitHub
9 30 (1.88%) PaaS
10 24 (1.50%) Cloud Functions
11 19 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
11 19 (1.19%) npm
11 19 (1.19%) OpenShift
12 18 (1.13%) Google Workspace
13 17 (1.07%) Dynamics 365
13 17 (1.07%) IaaS
14 16 (1.00%) Snowflake
15 14 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
16 13 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
16 13 (0.82%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 97 (6.08%) Firewall
2 36 (2.26%) DNS
3 34 (2.13%) Network Security
4 31 (1.94%) VPN
5 30 (1.88%) WAN
6 25 (1.57%) Broadband
6 25 (1.57%) DHCP
7 23 (1.44%) LAN
8 22 (1.38%) Internet
9 19 (1.19%) SAN
10 18 (1.13%) TCP/IP
11 17 (1.07%) Cisco Nexus
12 14 (0.88%) Skype
13 11 (0.69%) Intrusion Detection
13 11 (0.69%) VoIP
13 11 (0.69%) Wireless
14 10 (0.63%) FTP
14 10 (0.63%) SD-WAN
15 9 (0.56%) iSCSI
16 7 (0.44%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 109 (6.83%) SQL Server
2 87 (5.45%) Power BI
3 78 (4.89%) Data Warehouse
4 65 (4.08%) Big Data
5 58 (3.64%) NoSQL
6 42 (2.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 41 (2.57%) Relational Database
8 34 (2.13%) PostgreSQL
9 33 (2.07%) Oracle Reports
9 33 (2.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 31 (1.94%) BigQuery
11 30 (1.88%) Data Mining
12 28 (1.76%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 24 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 23 (1.44%) MongoDB
14 23 (1.44%) Tableau
15 20 (1.25%) MySQL
16 18 (1.13%) SQL Server 2016
17 16 (1.00%) Hadoop
18 15 (0.94%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 67 (4.20%) Jenkins
2 39 (2.45%) JIRA
3 30 (1.88%) Git (software)
4 18 (1.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 18 (1.13%) SonarQube
5 17 (1.07%) Sonatype Nexus
6 16 (1.00%) Oracle Forms
7 15 (0.94%) ESLint
8 8 (0.50%) Bitbucket
8 8 (0.50%) Travis CI
9 6 (0.38%) CircleCI
9 6 (0.38%) Postman
10 5 (0.31%) JUnit
10 5 (0.31%) Visual Studio
11 4 (0.25%) GitLab
11 4 (0.25%) PHPUnit
11 4 (0.25%) webpack
12 3 (0.19%) Appium
12 3 (0.19%) git-flow
12 3 (0.19%) gulp
General
1 623 (39.06%) Social Skills
2 388 (24.33%) Finance
3 265 (16.61%) Legal
4 220 (13.79%) Analytical Skills
5 189 (11.85%) Manufacturing
6 156 (9.78%) Presentation Skills
7 155 (9.72%) Law
8 127 (7.96%) Pharmaceutical
9 119 (7.46%) Marketing
10 101 (6.33%) Digital Economy
11 89 (5.58%) Public Sector
12 78 (4.89%) Influencing Skills
13 75 (4.70%) Retail
14 74 (4.64%) Organisational Skills
15 70 (4.39%) Telecoms
16 46 (2.88%) Games
17 44 (2.76%) Electronics
18 43 (2.70%) Banking
19 36 (2.26%) Billing
20 30 (1.88%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 277 (17.37%) Analyst
2 191 (11.97%) Consultant
3 129 (8.09%) Administrator
4 107 (6.71%) Data Administrator
5 101 (6.33%) Architect
6 85 (5.33%) Developer
6 85 (5.33%) Security Analyst
7 76 (4.76%) Security Consultant
8 63 (3.95%) Cloud Consultant
9 58 (3.64%) Security Specialist
10 57 (3.57%) Service Analyst
11 55 (3.45%) Service Desk Analyst
12 52 (3.26%) Security Engineer
13 49 (3.07%) Security Manager
14 45 (2.82%) IT Analyst
15 43 (2.70%) Data Analyst
16 42 (2.63%) Data Engineer
17 39 (2.45%) Security Architect
18 38 (2.38%) Oracle Consultant
19 37 (2.32%) Information Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 53 (3.32%) HTML
2 50 (3.13%) Web Services
3 49 (3.07%) .NET
4 42 (2.63%) OAuth
5 40 (2.51%) CSS
6 39 (2.45%) Apache Beam
7 36 (2.26%) OAuth2
8 34 (2.13%) Node.js
9 32 (2.01%) AngularJS
10 28 (1.76%) Middleware
11 27 (1.69%) CGI
12 24 (1.50%) Akka
13 22 (1.38%) OpenID
13 22 (1.38%) XML
14 21 (1.32%) Sass
15 20 (1.25%) REST
16 19 (1.19%) Kafka
17 18 (1.13%) jQuery
18 17 (1.07%) React
19 16 (1.00%) Oracle Fusion
Miscellaneous
1 282 (17.68%) Management Information System
2 82 (5.14%) Data Protection Act
3 71 (4.45%) Self-Motivation
4 63 (3.95%) Public Cloud
5 58 (3.64%) User Experience
6 38 (2.38%) Analytical Mindset
7 32 (2.01%) Cloud Native
8 28 (1.76%) Hedge funds
9 26 (1.63%) Virtual Team
10 19 (1.19%) Cyberthreat
10 19 (1.19%) Driving Licence
10 19 (1.19%) Smart Meter
11 17 (1.07%) Mobile App
11 17 (1.07%) Security Operations Centre
11 17 (1.07%) Social Media
12 16 (1.00%) Data Structures
13 15 (0.94%) CMDB
13 15 (0.94%) Greenfield Project
13 15 (0.94%) NHS
13 15 (0.94%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 150 (9.40%) Windows
2 62 (3.89%) Windows 10
3 52 (3.26%) Windows Server
4 45 (2.82%) Linux
5 21 (1.32%) Unix
6 16 (1.00%) Windows Server 2008
7 15 (0.94%) Mac OS
7 15 (0.94%) Windows Server 2019
8 14 (0.88%) Windows Server 2012
9 13 (0.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 13 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
10 8 (0.50%) Android
11 6 (0.38%) Windows 7
12 5 (0.31%) Windows Server 2003
13 4 (0.25%) Windows XP
14 3 (0.19%) Apple iOS
15 2 (0.13%) AIX
15 2 (0.13%) Solaris
16 1 (0.063%) HPUX
16 1 (0.063%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 495 (31.03%) Data Protection
2 486 (30.47%) Information Security
3 306 (19.18%) Agile Software Development
4 291 (18.24%) Cybersecurity
5 290 (18.18%) Problem-Solving
6 244 (15.30%) Project Management
7 224 (14.04%) Business Intelligence
8 210 (13.17%) Analytics
9 209 (13.10%) DevOps
9 209 (13.10%) ITIL
10 160 (10.03%) Risk Management
11 147 (9.22%) Matrix Organization
12 126 (7.90%) Data Privacy
13 117 (7.34%) Change Management
14 113 (7.08%) Data Science
15 109 (6.83%) Decision-Making
16 107 (6.71%) Continuous Improvement
17 101 (6.33%) Stakeholder Management
18 100 (6.27%) Data Security
19 92 (5.77%) Security Operations
Programming Languages
1 181 (11.35%) SQL
2 165 (10.34%) Python
3 66 (4.14%) Java
4 59 (3.70%) C#
5 58 (3.64%) JavaScript
6 57 (3.57%) PowerShell
7 36 (2.26%) T-SQL
8 35 (2.19%) Scala
9 33 (2.07%) C
10 27 (1.69%) C++
11 26 (1.63%) R
12 23 (1.44%) TypeScript
13 20 (1.25%) Bash Shell
14 18 (1.13%) PHP
15 14 (0.88%) PL/SQL
16 11 (0.69%) VBA
17 9 (0.56%) Go
18 8 (0.50%) Shell Script
19 7 (0.44%) ES6
20 6 (0.38%) Google Apps Script
Qualifications
1 183 (11.47%) CISSP
2 178 (11.16%) Degree
3 154 (9.66%) CISM
4 97 (6.08%) Security Cleared
5 80 (5.02%) Cisco Certification
6 49 (3.07%) BPSS Clearance
6 49 (3.07%) Oracle Certification
7 47 (2.95%) SSCP
8 41 (2.57%) CISA
9 31 (1.94%) CSSLP
10 29 (1.82%) (ISC)2 CCSP
11 22 (1.38%) CCNP
12 21 (1.32%) CCNA
12 21 (1.32%) Master's Degree
13 20 (1.25%) ISEB
14 18 (1.13%) Computer Science Degree
14 18 (1.13%) SC Cleared
15 16 (1.00%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 15 (0.94%) Microsoft Certification
17 14 (0.88%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 388 (24.33%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 235 (14.73%) PCI DSS
3 155 (9.72%) NIST
4 112 (7.02%) Cyber Essentials
5 99 (6.21%) QA
5 99 (6.21%) SLA
6 68 (4.26%) GRC
7 60 (3.76%) Data Quality
8 50 (3.13%) ISO 9001
9 46 (2.88%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 44 (2.76%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
11 36 (2.26%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 34 (2.13%) COBIT
13 30 (1.88%) BS25999
14 28 (1.76%) NCSC
15 25 (1.57%) HIPAA
16 16 (1.00%) ISO 22301
16 16 (1.00%) WCAG
17 15 (0.94%) NIST 800
18 14 (0.88%) SOC 2
System Software
1 99 (6.21%) Active Directory
2 70 (4.39%) Docker
3 43 (2.70%) VMware Infrastructure
4 39 (2.45%) Hyper-V
5 14 (0.88%) XenApp
5 14 (0.88%) XenDesktop
6 9 (0.56%) BitLocker
6 9 (0.56%) NFS
6 9 (0.56%) vSphere
7 8 (0.50%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.38%) Shibboleth
9 5 (0.31%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.25%) Virtual Desktop
10 4 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
11 3 (0.19%) Firmware
12 2 (0.13%) Terminal Server
12 2 (0.13%) VMware NSX
13 1 (0.063%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 106 (6.65%) Kubernetes
2 52 (3.26%) Terraform
3 29 (1.82%) Ansible
4 28 (1.76%) Prometheus
5 24 (1.50%) Grafana
6 23 (1.44%) Single Sign-On
7 15 (0.94%) CASB
8 14 (0.88%) IBM BigFix
9 12 (0.75%) Microsoft Intune
10 10 (0.63%) SCCM
11 9 (0.56%) Backup Exec
12 8 (0.50%) Kibana
13 6 (0.38%) McAfee ePO
13 6 (0.38%) SolarWinds Orion
14 5 (0.31%) RSA Archer
14 5 (0.31%) Symantec Enterprise Vault
15 4 (0.25%) Cisco CUCM
15 4 (0.25%) Consul
15 4 (0.25%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 4 (0.25%) linkerd
Vendors
1 418 (26.21%) Microsoft
2 106 (6.65%) Oracle
3 100 (6.27%) Google
4 68 (4.26%) VMware
5 65 (4.08%) SAP
6 53 (3.32%) Cisco
7 52 (3.26%) Salesforce.com
8 45 (2.82%) Citrix
9 26 (1.63%) IBM
10 25 (1.57%) Sophos
11 19 (1.19%) Apple
11 19 (1.19%) ServiceNow
12 18 (1.13%) CyberArk
12 18 (1.13%) Juniper
13 17 (1.07%) ForgeRock
14 16 (1.00%) Veeam
15 15 (0.94%) Avaya
16 14 (0.88%) Splunk
17 13 (0.82%) Meraki
18 12 (0.75%) Atlassian