Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 15 12 12
Rank change year-on-year -3 0 -3
Permanent jobs citing Java 24,637 15,380 9,138
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.49% 13.47% 14.19%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.35% 24.68% 25.12%
Number of salaries quoted 10,077 9,712 7,502
10th Percentile £41,750 £40,000 £37,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £47,500 £46,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% - +8.33%
75th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £85,000
90th Percentile £115,000 £106,250 £110,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £59,166 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year +7.57% +4.76% +5.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,075 62,313 36,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.97% 54.56% 56.49%
Number of salaries quoted 43,634 42,700 30,207
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,000 £32,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 20,194 £72,500 +7.41% 1,762
London -1 12,747 £85,000 +6.25% 923
Work from Home +6 11,615 £70,000 +7.69% 871
UK excluding London -2 8,275 £59,166 +7.57% 957
North of England -2 2,127 £55,687 +1.25% 267
South East -5 2,038 £62,500 +8.70% 187
Midlands +7 1,213 £57,500 +7.25% 140
South West +1 1,180 £57,000 +8.57% 135
North West +5 1,162 £57,500 +4.55% 145
Scotland -5 891 £62,500 +25.00% 88
Yorkshire -4 851 £55,000 - 74
West Midlands +11 819 £57,500 +4.55% 99
East of England -2 592 £55,000 -4.35% 96
East Midlands +8 375 £55,000 +10.00% 40
Northern Ireland -2 231 £65,000 +38.30% 22
North East -13 117 £52,130 +4.26% 49
Wales -28 117 £50,000 - 21
Isle of Man +17 4 £60,000 +60.00% 1

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 13,228 (53.69%) Agile
2 10,278 (41.72%) Software Engineering
3 9,611 (39.01%) Python
4 9,593 (38.94%) AWS
5 8,413 (34.15%) JavaScript
6 7,611 (30.89%) Finance
7 7,095 (28.80%) Docker
8 6,911 (28.05%) CI/CD
9 6,727 (27.30%) DevOps
10 6,382 (25.90%) Kubernetes
11 6,341 (25.74%) Microservices
12 6,212 (25.21%) Azure
12 6,212 (25.21%) SQL
13 6,081 (24.68%) Spring
14 5,474 (22.22%) Social Skills
15 5,056 (20.52%) TDD
16 5,033 (20.43%) Git (software)
17 4,885 (19.83%) Test Automation
18 4,851 (19.69%) React
19 4,637 (18.82%) GCP
20 4,424 (17.96%) Mentoring
21 4,166 (16.91%) Jenkins
22 4,161 (16.89%) C#
23 3,836 (15.57%) Node.js
24 3,781 (15.35%) Scrum
25 3,750 (15.22%) Degree
26 3,706 (15.04%) Kafka
27 3,649 (14.81%) Problem-Solving
28 3,523 (14.30%) Spring Boot
29 3,494 (14.18%) Full Stack Development

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,218 (4.94%) Apache Spark
2 792 (3.21%) Apache
3 698 (2.83%) Confluence
4 418 (1.70%) Apache Airflow
5 378 (1.53%) CMS
6 297 (1.21%) Apache Solr
7 275 (1.12%) Tomcat
8 180 (0.73%) nginx
9 177 (0.72%) WebSphere
10 165 (0.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 123 (0.50%) SharePoint
12 110 (0.45%) Headless CMS
12 110 (0.45%) JBoss
13 108 (0.44%) WebLogic
14 100 (0.41%) Apache Pulsar
15 95 (0.39%) Ethereum
16 89 (0.36%) IIS
17 84 (0.34%) Jetty
18 55 (0.22%) OpenStack
18 55 (0.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 135 (0.55%) Microsoft Office
2 103 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 47 (0.19%) Chatbot
4 41 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 39 (0.16%) CATIA
6 34 (0.14%) Sketch
7 33 (0.13%) MS Visio
8 30 (0.12%) Simulink
9 22 (0.089%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 19 (0.077%) InVision
11 14 (0.057%) Photoshop
12 12 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
13 8 (0.032%) Maple
14 4 (0.016%) Adobe After Effects
14 4 (0.016%) Adobe Premiere
15 3 (0.012%) Adobe XD
15 3 (0.012%) Doxygen
16 2 (0.008%) Adobe Illustrator
16 2 (0.008%) Pipeline Pilot
17 1 (0.004%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 155 (0.63%) Distributed Ledger
2 129 (0.52%) R3 Corda
3 90 (0.37%) Payment Gateway
4 73 (0.30%) Dynamics CRM
5 39 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
6 29 (0.12%) Teamcenter
7 26 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
7 26 (0.11%) NetSuite
8 20 (0.081%) Shopify
9 19 (0.077%) Oracle Payables
10 17 (0.069%) Magento
10 17 (0.069%) SAP Hybris
11 15 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
11 15 (0.061%) Oracle ERP
12 13 (0.053%) Adobe Campaign
12 13 (0.053%) Ripple
12 13 (0.053%) Ripple XRP
13 12 (0.049%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
13 12 (0.049%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 12 (0.049%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 9,593 (38.94%) AWS
2 6,212 (25.21%) Azure
3 4,637 (18.82%) GCP
4 2,492 (10.11%) Serverless
5 1,542 (6.26%) GitHub
6 1,194 (4.85%) AWS Lambda
7 1,025 (4.16%) SaaS
8 821 (3.33%) Amazon S3
9 806 (3.27%) Cloud Computing
10 797 (3.23%) OpenShift
11 764 (3.10%) Azure DevOps
12 635 (2.58%) Amazon EC2
13 632 (2.57%) AWS CloudFormation
14 560 (2.27%) PaaS
15 448 (1.82%) Amazon Kinesis
16 436 (1.77%) Amazon ECS
17 395 (1.60%) Google Kubernetes Engine
18 391 (1.59%) Cloud Functions
19 365 (1.48%) Datadog
20 348 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 1,230 (4.99%) HTTP
2 677 (2.75%) SSL
3 628 (2.55%) Internet
4 300 (1.22%) Firewall
5 244 (0.99%) Network Security
6 235 (0.95%) Broadband
7 228 (0.93%) TCP/IP
8 212 (0.86%) DNS
9 201 (0.82%) PPP
10 98 (0.40%) VoIP
11 96 (0.39%) Kerberos
12 95 (0.39%) VPN
13 91 (0.37%) AMQP
14 87 (0.35%) MQTT
15 81 (0.33%) SSH
16 74 (0.30%) HTTPS
17 73 (0.30%) Wireless
18 69 (0.28%) FTP
19 45 (0.18%) DHCP
20 39 (0.16%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,170 (12.87%) NoSQL
2 2,718 (11.03%) PostgreSQL
3 1,982 (8.04%) Big Data
4 1,931 (7.84%) MySQL
5 1,893 (7.68%) Relational Database
6 1,768 (7.18%) MongoDB
7 1,255 (5.09%) SQL Server
8 974 (3.95%) Elasticsearch
9 910 (3.69%) Redis
10 872 (3.54%) Hadoop
11 734 (2.98%) DynamoDB
12 733 (2.98%) Apache Cassandra
13 658 (2.67%) BigQuery
14 491 (1.99%) Flink
15 488 (1.98%) RDBMS
16 469 (1.90%) Data Warehouse
17 372 (1.51%) Data Lake
18 366 (1.49%) Amazon RDS
19 356 (1.44%) Amazon Aurora
19 356 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 5,033 (20.43%) Git (software)
2 4,166 (16.91%) Jenkins
3 2,132 (8.65%) JIRA
4 1,908 (7.74%) Maven
5 1,626 (6.60%) Selenium
6 1,415 (5.74%) JUnit
7 1,382 (5.61%) Gradle
8 1,256 (5.10%) Cucumber
9 924 (3.75%) GitLab
10 700 (2.84%) Postman
11 621 (2.52%) Mockito
12 584 (2.37%) Bitbucket
13 553 (2.24%) Cypress.io
14 428 (1.74%) SonarQube
15 427 (1.73%) JMeter
16 409 (1.66%) Subversion
17 395 (1.60%) CircleCI
18 393 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 368 (1.49%) WebDriver
20 366 (1.49%) TeamCity
General
1 7,611 (30.89%) Finance
2 5,474 (22.22%) Social Skills
3 2,578 (10.46%) Banking
4 1,942 (7.88%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,867 (7.58%) Analytical Skills
6 1,697 (6.89%) Games
7 1,452 (5.89%) Marketing
8 1,397 (5.67%) Retail
9 1,061 (4.31%) Manufacturing
10 1,004 (4.08%) Public Sector
11 862 (3.50%) Law
12 661 (2.68%) Legal
13 637 (2.59%) Front Office
14 507 (2.06%) Advertising
15 465 (1.89%) Telecoms
16 438 (1.78%) Financial Institution
17 406 (1.65%) Automotive
18 285 (1.16%) Presentation Skills
19 250 (1.01%) Electronics
19 250 (1.01%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 8,087 (32.82%) Developer
2 6,133 (24.89%) Software Engineer
3 4,320 (17.53%) Java Developer
4 2,338 (9.49%) Senior Developer
5 2,312 (9.38%) Java Engineer
6 1,548 (6.28%) Senior Software Engineer
7 1,394 (5.66%) Senior Java Developer
8 1,035 (4.20%) Java Software Engineer
9 1,008 (4.09%) DevOps Engineer
10 951 (3.86%) Software Developer
11 881 (3.58%) Data Engineer
12 831 (3.37%) Architect
13 815 (3.31%) Senior Java Engineer
14 806 (3.27%) Graduate
15 723 (2.93%) Full Stack Developer
16 594 (2.41%) Cloud Engineer
17 584 (2.37%) Principal Engineer
18 562 (2.28%) AWS Engineer
19 532 (2.16%) Test Engineer
20 522 (2.12%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,081 (24.68%) Spring
2 4,851 (19.69%) React
3 3,836 (15.57%) Node.js
4 3,706 (15.04%) Kafka
5 3,523 (14.30%) Spring Boot
6 3,323 (13.49%) .NET
7 3,187 (12.94%) AngularJS
8 3,176 (12.89%) HTML
9 2,949 (11.97%) CSS
10 2,942 (11.94%) REST
11 2,636 (10.70%) RESTful
12 1,747 (7.09%) Web Services
13 1,153 (4.68%) JSON
14 1,076 (4.37%) Hibernate
15 1,037 (4.21%) ASP.NET
16 1,001 (4.06%) Vue.js
17 878 (3.56%) XML
18 862 (3.50%) HTML5
19 838 (3.40%) Ruby on Rails
20 807 (3.28%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 2,097 (8.51%) Algorithms
2 1,475 (5.99%) Data Structures
3 1,444 (5.86%) Cloud Native
4 1,394 (5.66%) User Experience
5 1,268 (5.15%) Mobile App
6 881 (3.58%) Greenfield Project
7 835 (3.39%) Life Science
8 795 (3.23%) Public Cloud
9 668 (2.71%) Enterprise Software
10 631 (2.56%) Self-Motivation
11 567 (2.30%) Hackathon
12 550 (2.23%) Blog
13 547 (2.22%) Virtual Team
14 503 (2.04%) Derivative
15 482 (1.96%) Blockchain
16 475 (1.93%) Hedge funds
17 473 (1.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 462 (1.88%) Social Media
19 456 (1.85%) Cyberattack
20 441 (1.79%) Fixed Income
Operating Systems
1 3,428 (13.91%) Linux
2 1,599 (6.49%) Android
3 1,379 (5.60%) Unix
4 1,255 (5.09%) Windows
5 875 (3.55%) Apple iOS
6 123 (0.50%) Mac OS
7 119 (0.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 118 (0.48%) Mesosphere
9 112 (0.45%) CentOS
10 76 (0.31%) Ubuntu
11 73 (0.30%) Windows Server
12 67 (0.27%) Mac OS X
13 40 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
14 36 (0.15%) AIX
15 33 (0.13%) Debian
16 29 (0.12%) VMS
17 19 (0.077%) Solaris
17 19 (0.077%) Windows 10
17 19 (0.077%) Windows Server 2012
18 15 (0.061%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 13,228 (53.69%) Agile
2 10,278 (41.72%) Software Engineering
3 6,911 (28.05%) CI/CD
4 6,727 (27.30%) DevOps
5 6,341 (25.74%) Microservices
6 5,056 (20.52%) TDD
7 4,885 (19.83%) Test Automation
8 4,424 (17.96%) Mentoring
9 3,781 (15.35%) Scrum
10 3,649 (14.81%) Problem-Solving
11 3,494 (14.18%) Full Stack Development
12 3,231 (13.11%) Computer Science
13 3,070 (12.46%) Continuous Integration
14 2,534 (10.29%) Analytics
15 2,531 (10.27%) SDLC
16 2,519 (10.22%) BDD
17 2,332 (9.47%) OO
18 2,158 (8.76%) Coaching
19 2,099 (8.52%) Machine Learning
20 2,059 (8.36%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 9,611 (39.01%) Python
2 8,413 (34.15%) JavaScript
3 6,212 (25.21%) SQL
4 4,161 (16.89%) C#
5 2,845 (11.55%) Go
6 2,677 (10.87%) C++
7 2,608 (10.59%) Kotlin
8 2,509 (10.18%) TypeScript
9 1,972 (8.00%) Scala
10 1,941 (7.88%) Ruby
11 1,351 (5.48%) C
12 1,106 (4.49%) Bash
13 971 (3.94%) PHP
14 840 (3.41%) PowerShell
15 688 (2.79%) Shell Script
16 624 (2.53%) Perl
17 547 (2.22%) Groovy
18 493 (2.00%) Objective-C
19 357 (1.45%) Apple Swift
20 349 (1.42%) ES6
Qualifications
1 3,750 (15.22%) Degree
2 1,626 (6.60%) Computer Science Degree
3 1,403 (5.69%) Security Cleared
4 722 (2.93%) SC Cleared
5 449 (1.82%) Master's Degree
6 253 (1.03%) ISTQB
7 219 (0.89%) PhD
8 154 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
9 146 (0.59%) DV Cleared
10 129 (0.52%) ISEB
11 127 (0.52%) AWS Certification
12 108 (0.44%) PMI Certification
13 107 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 63 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
15 58 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
16 51 (0.21%) CISSP
17 39 (0.16%) DBS Check
18 33 (0.13%) Six Sigma Black Belt
19 27 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
20 25 (0.10%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,995 (12.16%) QA
2 540 (2.19%) Accessibility
3 250 (1.01%) Data Quality
4 114 (0.46%) GDPR
5 90 (0.37%) SLA
6 72 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 49 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 34 (0.14%) Automotive SPICE
8 34 (0.14%) MISRA
8 34 (0.14%) PMO
9 32 (0.13%) NIST
10 26 (0.11%) SOC 2
11 24 (0.097%) EMIR
12 20 (0.081%) HL7
13 15 (0.061%) MiFID
14 14 (0.057%) NCSC
15 13 (0.053%) GxP
16 12 (0.049%) HIPAA
17 11 (0.045%) WCAG
18 10 (0.041%) CDISC
System Software
1 7,095 (28.80%) Docker
2 214 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
3 199 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 124 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 111 (0.45%) Apache Flume
6 87 (0.35%) Active Directory
7 65 (0.26%) Firmware
8 41 (0.17%) HDFS
9 30 (0.12%) Hyper-V
10 24 (0.097%) KVM
11 17 (0.069%) Xen
12 14 (0.057%) Virtual Servers
13 10 (0.041%) GridGain
13 10 (0.041%) vSphere
14 9 (0.037%) etcd
15 8 (0.032%) iptables
15 8 (0.032%) Kamailio
15 8 (0.032%) OpenSIPS
15 8 (0.032%) Samba
16 7 (0.028%) LXC
Systems Management
1 6,382 (25.90%) Kubernetes
2 2,660 (10.80%) Terraform
3 1,499 (6.08%) Ansible
4 691 (2.80%) Puppet
5 617 (2.50%) Opscode Chef
6 449 (1.82%) Prometheus
7 394 (1.60%) Grafana
8 193 (0.78%) Kibana
9 184 (0.75%) Istio
10 169 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
11 123 (0.50%) Consul
12 117 (0.47%) Automic
13 109 (0.44%) Oozie
14 108 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
15 79 (0.32%) logstash
16 73 (0.30%) Argo
17 67 (0.27%) Packer
17 67 (0.27%) Rancher
18 49 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
19 43 (0.17%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 2,357 (9.57%) Google
2 1,792 (7.27%) Microsoft
3 1,646 (6.68%) Oracle
4 330 (1.34%) Splunk
5 324 (1.32%) Twitter
6 317 (1.29%) IBM
7 312 (1.27%) Databricks
8 302 (1.23%) Atlassian
8 302 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
9 267 (1.08%) SAP
10 212 (0.86%) Red Hat
11 186 (0.75%) VMware
12 168 (0.68%) New Relic
13 153 (0.62%) Sony
14 151 (0.61%) Palantir
15 143 (0.58%) Snapchat
16 126 (0.51%) MuleSoft
17 120 (0.49%) Sun
18 119 (0.48%) Facebook
19 115 (0.47%) Dell