Period
to 15 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
15 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 9 11
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +2
Permanent jobs citing Java 23,757 26,727 25,429
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.72% 15.51% 14.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.60% 27.96% 27.30%
Number of salaries quoted 19,112 21,260 21,400
UK median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.55% - +6.80%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £32,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £87,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 83,054 95,594 93,131
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.95% 55.47% 53.17%
Number of salaries quoted 68,829 79,566 79,986
UK median annual salary £51,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 15 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 21,820 £60,000 +9.09% 3,782
UK excluding London +4 12,193 £50,000 +5.26% 2,273
London 0 11,148 £70,000 +7.69% 1,778
South East +6 3,992 £52,500 +5.00% 653
North of England 0 2,439 £47,500 - 526
Midlands 0 1,493 £50,000 +11.11% 279
South West +3 1,483 £50,000 +7.53% 309
East of England 0 1,331 £54,250 +8.50% 239
North West -1 1,284 £50,000 +5.26% 244
Scotland -1 1,049 £50,000 +5.26% 180
Yorkshire 0 898 £45,000 -10.00% 218
East Midlands +4 770 £52,500 +10.53% 109
West Midlands -2 727 £47,500 +13.10% 170
Wales +14 365 £40,000 - 60
North East +9 261 £46,250 +15.63% 64
Northern Ireland -2 168 £42,500 +8.97% 29

For the 6 months to 15 January 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 11,691 (49.21%) Agile Software Development
2 6,454 (27.17%) JavaScript
3 6,282 (26.44%) SQL
4 6,207 (26.13%) Python
5 6,002 (25.26%) Software Engineering
6 5,441 (22.90%) Spring
7 5,236 (22.04%) Finance
8 4,918 (20.70%) C#
9 4,574 (19.25%) TDD
10 4,537 (19.10%) Amazon AWS
11 4,229 (17.80%) Linux
12 3,947 (16.61%) Microservices
13 3,921 (16.50%) Test Automation
14 3,809 (16.03%) Degree
15 3,792 (15.96%) HTML
16 3,774 (15.89%) DevOps
17 3,456 (14.55%) Scrum
18 3,435 (14.46%) C++
19 3,353 (14.11%) Continuous Integration
20 3,051 (12.84%) Docker
21 3,037 (12.78%) Computer Science
22 3,033 (12.77%) Git (software)
23 3,024 (12.73%) Web Services
24 2,940 (12.38%) Jenkins
25 2,921 (12.30%) CSS
26 2,831 (11.92%) Oracle
27 2,788 (11.74%) OO
28 2,785 (11.72%) AngularJS
28 2,785 (11.72%) Java 8
29 2,745 (11.55%) .NET

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,189 (5.00%) Apache Spark
2 1,123 (4.73%) Apache
3 990 (4.17%) Tomcat
4 903 (3.80%) Elasticsearch
5 610 (2.57%) Confluence
6 607 (2.56%) JBoss
7 411 (1.73%) WebSphere
8 361 (1.52%) WebLogic
9 249 (1.05%) IIS
10 242 (1.02%) Apache Solr
11 223 (0.94%) CMS
12 172 (0.72%) nginx
13 171 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 165 (0.69%) Apache Pig
15 162 (0.68%) SharePoint
16 131 (0.55%) Cloud Foundry
17 126 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 118 (0.50%) BizTalk Server
19 111 (0.47%) Ethereum
20 102 (0.43%) OpenStack
Applications
1 124 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
2 121 (0.51%) Microsoft Excel
3 64 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 49 (0.21%) Photoshop
5 43 (0.18%) Chatbot
6 20 (0.084%) Spreadsheet
7 18 (0.076%) MS Visio
8 17 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.059%) Snapchat
10 13 (0.055%) Weka
11 12 (0.051%) Microsoft Project
12 10 (0.042%) SPSS
13 7 (0.029%) GNU Octave
13 7 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
14 6 (0.025%) Acrobat
14 6 (0.025%) InDesign
14 6 (0.025%) Mingle
14 6 (0.025%) RoboHelp
15 4 (0.017%) Fireworks
15 4 (0.017%) Maple
Business Applications
1 129 (0.54%) thinkFolio
2 126 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 78 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
4 76 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
5 53 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
6 47 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
6 47 (0.20%) Magento
7 39 (0.16%) Front Arena
7 39 (0.16%) Markit EDM
8 35 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
9 34 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
10 26 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 24 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
11 24 (0.10%) Temenos T24
12 21 (0.088%) Ripple
12 21 (0.088%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 20 (0.084%) R3 Corda
13 20 (0.084%) SAP ERP
13 20 (0.084%) SDL Web 8
14 19 (0.080%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 4,537 (19.10%) Amazon AWS
2 2,176 (9.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 962 (4.05%) Google Cloud Platform
4 727 (3.06%) SaaS
5 667 (2.81%) GitHub
6 522 (2.20%) Cloud Computing
7 437 (1.84%) Serverless
8 421 (1.77%) PaaS
9 328 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
10 321 (1.35%) OpenShift
11 304 (1.28%) AWS CloudFormation
12 266 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
13 240 (1.01%) Amazon S3
14 223 (0.94%) IaaS
15 162 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
16 140 (0.59%) Amazon EMR
17 138 (0.58%) npm
18 100 (0.42%) Amazon SQS
19 98 (0.41%) Slack
20 93 (0.39%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 557 (2.34%) HTTP
2 500 (2.10%) Internet
3 347 (1.46%) TCP/IP
4 271 (1.14%) Firewall
5 264 (1.11%) DNS
6 154 (0.65%) SSL
7 120 (0.51%) VPN
8 84 (0.35%) Network Security
9 80 (0.34%) Wireless
10 69 (0.29%) AMQP
11 58 (0.24%) DHCP
12 47 (0.20%) Modbus
13 46 (0.19%) HTTPS
14 45 (0.19%) RS-485
15 41 (0.17%) LAN
16 40 (0.17%) SAN
17 39 (0.16%) FTP
18 34 (0.14%) VoIP
18 34 (0.14%) WebEx
19 33 (0.14%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,224 (9.36%) NoSQL
2 2,173 (9.15%) Big Data
3 1,852 (7.80%) SQL Server
4 1,780 (7.49%) MySQL
5 1,535 (6.46%) Relational Database
6 1,453 (6.12%) Hadoop
7 1,390 (5.85%) MongoDB
8 1,308 (5.51%) PostgreSQL
9 868 (3.65%) Apache Cassandra
10 654 (2.75%) RDBMS
11 534 (2.25%) Apache Hive
12 437 (1.84%) HBase
13 408 (1.72%) Oracle Database
14 390 (1.64%) Blockchain
15 356 (1.50%) Redis
16 320 (1.35%) Amazon Redshift
17 282 (1.19%) Data Warehouse
18 249 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
19 235 (0.99%) Amazon RDS
20 208 (0.88%) Impala
Development Applications
1 3,033 (12.77%) Git (software)
2 2,940 (12.38%) Jenkins
3 1,995 (8.40%) Selenium
4 1,921 (8.09%) Maven
5 1,715 (7.22%) JIRA
6 1,505 (6.33%) Cucumber
7 1,392 (5.86%) JUnit
8 818 (3.44%) Gradle
9 802 (3.38%) Subversion
10 676 (2.85%) WebDriver
11 593 (2.50%) TeamCity
12 540 (2.27%) Eclipse
13 520 (2.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 400 (1.68%) SoapUI
15 396 (1.67%) Visual Studio
16 358 (1.51%) JMeter
17 357 (1.50%) Bitbucket
18 355 (1.49%) Mockito
19 304 (1.28%) Ant
20 292 (1.23%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 5,236 (22.04%) Finance
2 2,028 (8.54%) Banking
3 942 (3.97%) Retail
4 781 (3.29%) Games
5 705 (2.97%) Front Office
6 682 (2.87%) Marketing
7 600 (2.53%) Telecoms
8 537 (2.26%) Investment Banking
9 453 (1.91%) Advertising
10 437 (1.84%) Manufacturing
11 356 (1.50%) Law
12 318 (1.34%) Electronics
13 226 (0.95%) Publishing
14 208 (0.88%) Financial Institution
15 196 (0.83%) Back Office
16 159 (0.67%) Automotive
17 132 (0.56%) Legal
18 113 (0.48%) Military
19 112 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
20 87 (0.37%) French Language
Job Titles
1 12,251 (51.57%) Developer
2 7,773 (32.72%) Java Developer
3 2,842 (11.96%) Software Engineer
4 2,428 (10.22%) Senior Developer
5 1,771 (7.45%) Java Engineer
6 1,743 (7.34%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,550 (6.52%) Architect
8 1,473 (6.20%) Software Developer
9 1,086 (4.57%) Java Software Engineer
10 1,009 (4.25%) Graduate
11 971 (4.09%) Analyst
12 900 (3.79%) Junior
13 775 (3.26%) Graduate Developer
14 755 (3.18%) Lead Developer
15 738 (3.11%) Senior Software Engineer
16 718 (3.02%) DevOps Engineer
17 708 (2.98%) Test Engineer
18 644 (2.71%) Tester
19 635 (2.67%) Junior Developer
20 556 (2.34%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,441 (22.90%) Spring
2 3,792 (15.96%) HTML
3 3,024 (12.73%) Web Services
4 2,921 (12.30%) CSS
5 2,785 (11.72%) AngularJS
6 2,745 (11.55%) .NET
7 2,406 (10.13%) REST
8 2,274 (9.57%) RESTful
9 2,031 (8.55%) Node.js
10 1,921 (8.09%) Hibernate
11 1,881 (7.92%) Spring Boot
12 1,841 (7.75%) React
13 1,639 (6.90%) XML
14 1,508 (6.35%) J2EE
15 1,331 (5.60%) HTML5
16 1,261 (5.31%) Kafka
17 1,173 (4.94%) SOAP
18 1,113 (4.68%) JSON
19 965 (4.06%) Java EE
20 879 (3.70%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 1,778 (7.48%) Fintech
2 1,456 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
3 1,337 (5.63%) Analytical Skills
4 1,127 (4.74%) Algorithms
5 948 (3.99%) User Experience
6 732 (3.08%) Enterprise Software
7 727 (3.06%) Mobile App
8 645 (2.71%) Self-Motivation
9 505 (2.13%) Derivative
10 500 (2.10%) Data Structures
11 486 (2.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 485 (2.04%) Fixed Income
13 473 (1.99%) Equities
14 441 (1.86%) Hedge funds
15 291 (1.22%) Management Information System
16 275 (1.16%) Public Cloud
17 231 (0.97%) Virtual Team
18 224 (0.94%) Cloud Native
19 204 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
20 201 (0.85%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 4,229 (17.80%) Linux
2 1,601 (6.74%) Windows
3 1,558 (6.56%) Unix
4 1,177 (4.95%) Android
5 867 (3.65%) Apple iOS
6 370 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 245 (1.03%) Windows Server
8 234 (0.98%) CentOS
9 205 (0.86%) Ubuntu
10 126 (0.53%) Solaris
11 85 (0.36%) Mac OS X
12 77 (0.32%) AIX
13 69 (0.29%) Debian
14 45 (0.19%) Fedora
15 43 (0.18%) Mac OS
16 41 (0.17%) FreeRTOS
16 41 (0.17%) SUSE
17 39 (0.16%) Mesosphere
18 30 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
19 28 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,691 (49.21%) Agile Software Development
2 6,002 (25.26%) Software Engineering
3 4,574 (19.25%) TDD
4 3,947 (16.61%) Microservices
5 3,921 (16.50%) Test Automation
6 3,774 (15.89%) DevOps
7 3,456 (14.55%) Scrum
8 3,353 (14.11%) Continuous Integration
9 3,037 (12.78%) Computer Science
10 2,788 (11.74%) OO
11 2,306 (9.71%) Problem-Solving
12 2,291 (9.64%) BDD
13 2,005 (8.44%) Open Source
14 1,928 (8.12%) SDLC
15 1,807 (7.61%) Mentoring
16 1,596 (6.72%) Analytics
17 1,477 (6.22%) MVC
18 1,420 (5.98%) Machine Learning
19 1,257 (5.29%) Mathematics
20 1,166 (4.91%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 6,454 (27.17%) JavaScript
2 6,282 (26.44%) SQL
3 6,207 (26.13%) Python
4 4,918 (20.70%) C#
5 3,435 (14.46%) C++
6 2,785 (11.72%) Java 8
7 1,858 (7.82%) Scala
8 1,514 (6.37%) PHP
9 1,446 (6.09%) Ruby
10 1,441 (6.07%) C
11 1,001 (4.21%) Go
12 820 (3.45%) Bash Shell
13 736 (3.10%) Perl
14 655 (2.76%) PL/SQL
15 555 (2.34%) PowerShell
16 515 (2.17%) Kotlin
17 514 (2.16%) TypeScript
18 471 (1.98%) R
19 453 (1.91%) Shell Script
20 414 (1.74%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 3,809 (16.03%) Degree
2 1,265 (5.32%) Computer Science Degree
3 833 (3.51%) Security Cleared
4 461 (1.94%) SC Cleared
5 447 (1.88%) PhD
6 283 (1.19%) ISTQB
7 275 (1.16%) DV Cleared
8 227 (0.96%) Numerate Degree
9 210 (0.88%) Master's Degree
10 185 (0.78%) ISEB
11 113 (0.48%) MPhil
12 109 (0.46%) CISSP
13 101 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
14 75 (0.32%) AWS Certification
15 74 (0.31%) MCSE
16 64 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 50 (0.21%) SANS
18 48 (0.20%) OSCP
19 46 (0.19%) MCSA
20 45 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,080 (8.76%) QA
2 164 (0.69%) GDPR
3 117 (0.49%) SLA
4 101 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 96 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 56 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 50 (0.21%) PSD2
8 42 (0.18%) MiFID
9 36 (0.15%) HIPAA
10 34 (0.14%) PMO
11 27 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
12 20 (0.084%) HL7
13 19 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 15 (0.063%) SEPA
15 14 (0.059%) ISO 20022
16 13 (0.055%) ISO 9001
17 11 (0.046%) PA-DSS
18 10 (0.042%) SAS 70
19 8 (0.034%) IFRS
19 8 (0.034%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 3,051 (12.84%) Docker
2 328 (1.38%) Active Directory
3 208 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 193 (0.81%) HDFS
5 146 (0.61%) Apache Flume
6 130 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 93 (0.39%) Firmware
8 84 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
9 67 (0.28%) Hyper-V
10 53 (0.22%) vSphere
11 33 (0.14%) VirtualBox
12 27 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
13 22 (0.093%) Oracle RAC
13 22 (0.093%) Varnish
14 21 (0.088%) etcd
15 18 (0.076%) Virtual Servers
16 13 (0.055%) NFS
17 10 (0.042%) GlusterFS
17 10 (0.042%) Xen
18 9 (0.038%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,505 (6.33%) Kubernetes
2 1,364 (5.74%) Ansible
3 1,111 (4.68%) Puppet
4 900 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
5 778 (3.27%) Terraform
6 226 (0.95%) Salt
7 183 (0.77%) Oozie
8 150 (0.63%) Prometheus
9 144 (0.61%) Nagios
10 141 (0.59%) Kibana
11 136 (0.57%) Docker Swarm
12 134 (0.56%) Packer
13 127 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
14 118 (0.50%) Grafana
15 105 (0.44%) Consul
16 98 (0.41%) Mesos
17 91 (0.38%) logstash
18 76 (0.32%) Graphite
19 65 (0.27%) ZABBIX
20 48 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 2,831 (11.92%) Oracle
2 1,325 (5.58%) Microsoft
3 978 (4.12%) Google
4 610 (2.57%) SAP
5 511 (2.15%) Red Hat
6 453 (1.91%) IBM
7 289 (1.22%) VMware
8 288 (1.21%) Tableau
9 280 (1.18%) Splunk
10 274 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
11 256 (1.08%) Cloudera
12 236 (0.99%) Atlassian
13 225 (0.95%) WorldPay
14 201 (0.85%) Hortonworks
15 192 (0.81%) Adobe
16 161 (0.68%) TIBCO
17 143 (0.60%) Sybase
18 128 (0.54%) hybris
19 118 (0.50%) MuleSoft
20 115 (0.48%) Reuters