Period
to 28 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 28 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
28 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +2
Permanent jobs citing Java 17,706 23,713 26,515
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.09% 15.70% 15.41%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.06% 28.59% 27.71%
Number of salaries quoted 14,321 19,034 21,407
UK median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £35,250 £32,500 £31,750
90th Percentile £105,000 £92,500 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 67,956 82,938 95,690
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.09% 54.91% 55.60%
Number of salaries quoted 56,122 68,580 80,115
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,750 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 28 January 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 28 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 16,377 £65,000 +8.33% 3,086
London 0 9,157 £75,000 +7.14% 1,542
UK excluding London -5 8,157 £50,000 - 1,777
South East -6 2,796 £55,000 +4.76% 426
North of England -1 1,824 £50,000 +3.17% 440
South West -4 1,081 £50,000 - 230
North West -1 1,022 £52,500 +5.00% 218
Midlands -7 847 £50,000 - 257
Yorkshire -2 700 £50,000 +11.11% 180
East of England -7 643 £55,000 - 188
Scotland -2 642 £50,000 - 167
West Midlands -12 423 £48,400 +1.89% 141
East Midlands -8 420 £52,500 - 116
Wales -8 253 £43,355 +8.39% 53
Northern Ireland 0 102 £45,500 +7.06% 16
North East -20 102 £45,000 - 42

For the 6 months to 28 January 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 8,616 (48.66%) Agile Software Development
2 4,924 (27.81%) Python
3 4,922 (27.80%) JavaScript
4 4,678 (26.42%) Software Engineering
5 4,645 (26.23%) AWS
6 4,304 (24.31%) Finance
7 4,260 (24.06%) SQL
8 3,812 (21.53%) Spring
9 3,770 (21.29%) C#
10 3,658 (20.66%) Microservices
11 3,299 (18.63%) DevOps
12 3,090 (17.45%) Docker
13 3,026 (17.09%) TDD
14 2,925 (16.52%) Test Automation
15 2,621 (14.80%) Linux
16 2,580 (14.57%) Web Services
17 2,537 (14.33%) Scrum
18 2,437 (13.76%) Git (software)
19 2,360 (13.33%) C++
20 2,342 (13.23%) Jenkins
21 2,321 (13.11%) Degree
22 2,286 (12.91%) Azure
23 2,226 (12.57%) Kubernetes
24 2,186 (12.35%) .NET
25 2,064 (11.66%) AngularJS
26 2,040 (11.52%) Oracle
27 2,036 (11.50%) HTML
28 1,947 (11.00%) Java 8
29 1,932 (10.91%) Computer Science
30 1,913 (10.80%) Continuous Integration

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 743 (4.20%) Apache Spark
2 650 (3.67%) Tomcat
3 559 (3.16%) Confluence
4 430 (2.43%) Apache
5 410 (2.32%) Elasticsearch
6 288 (1.63%) JBoss
7 280 (1.58%) WebSphere
8 204 (1.15%) SharePoint
9 189 (1.07%) BizTalk Server
10 173 (0.98%) CMS
11 145 (0.82%) IIS
11 145 (0.82%) WebLogic
12 128 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 100 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 93 (0.53%) nginx
15 89 (0.50%) Oracle Workflow
16 81 (0.46%) Cloud Foundry
17 79 (0.45%) SAS
18 70 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
19 68 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 106 (0.60%) Microsoft Office
2 79 (0.45%) Microsoft Excel
3 61 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 41 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 34 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
6 19 (0.11%) Chatbot
7 15 (0.085%) Photoshop
8 8 (0.045%) Simulink
9 6 (0.034%) SPSS
9 6 (0.034%) Stateflow
10 5 (0.028%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.023%) Maya
12 3 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
12 3 (0.017%) Microsoft Project
13 2 (0.011%) 3ds Max
13 2 (0.011%) Acrobat
13 2 (0.011%) CPLEX
13 2 (0.011%) Houdini
13 2 (0.011%) InDesign
13 2 (0.011%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 220 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 174 (0.98%) Dynamics AX
3 114 (0.64%) FINCAD Analytics
4 96 (0.54%) Payment Gateway
5 57 (0.32%) thinkFolio
6 42 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
7 37 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
8 35 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
9 29 (0.16%) LatentZero
10 28 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
11 27 (0.15%) Magento
11 27 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
12 23 (0.13%) R3 Corda
13 18 (0.10%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 17 (0.096%) Oracle EBS R12
15 14 (0.079%) SAP CRM
16 13 (0.073%) Adobe Campaign
16 13 (0.073%) Documaker
16 13 (0.073%) PolarLake
17 11 (0.062%) Markit EDM
Cloud Services
1 4,645 (26.23%) AWS
2 2,286 (12.91%) Azure
3 1,213 (6.85%) GCP
4 718 (4.06%) SaaS
5 606 (3.42%) Serverless
6 520 (2.94%) GitHub
7 496 (2.80%) Amazon S3
8 438 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
9 399 (2.25%) AWS Lambda
10 352 (1.99%) OpenShift
11 281 (1.59%) Amazon SQS
12 270 (1.52%) Amazon ECS
13 239 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
14 198 (1.12%) PaaS
15 178 (1.01%) Dynamics 365
16 172 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
17 140 (0.79%) Power Platform
18 123 (0.69%) IaaS
19 83 (0.47%) Amazon EMR
20 73 (0.41%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 276 (1.56%) HTTP
2 270 (1.52%) Internet
3 198 (1.12%) TCP/IP
4 183 (1.03%) Firewall
5 118 (0.67%) DNS
6 86 (0.49%) SSL
7 59 (0.33%) Wireshark
8 48 (0.27%) VPN
9 34 (0.19%) VoIP
9 34 (0.19%) Wireless
10 33 (0.19%) FTP
11 31 (0.18%) SSH
12 29 (0.16%) DHCP
13 25 (0.14%) Network Security
13 25 (0.14%) X.509
14 24 (0.14%) HTTPS
14 24 (0.14%) Software-Defined Networking
15 23 (0.13%) SAN
16 21 (0.12%) Broadband
17 20 (0.11%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,298 (7.33%) Big Data
2 1,236 (6.98%) NoSQL
3 1,160 (6.55%) SQL Server
4 1,133 (6.40%) MySQL
5 1,124 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
6 1,041 (5.88%) Relational Database
7 729 (4.12%) Hadoop
8 701 (3.96%) MongoDB
9 383 (2.16%) Amazon RDS
10 366 (2.07%) RDBMS
11 355 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
12 325 (1.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 314 (1.77%) Redis
14 290 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
15 269 (1.52%) Apache Hive
16 247 (1.40%) Amazon Redshift
17 244 (1.38%) Oracle Database
18 212 (1.20%) BusinessObjects
19 198 (1.12%) DB2
20 179 (1.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,437 (13.76%) Git (software)
2 2,342 (13.23%) Jenkins
3 1,496 (8.45%) Selenium
4 1,319 (7.45%) JIRA
5 1,309 (7.39%) Maven
6 1,036 (5.85%) Cucumber
7 919 (5.19%) JUnit
8 556 (3.14%) WebDriver
9 463 (2.61%) Subversion
10 451 (2.55%) Gradle
11 404 (2.28%) TeamCity
12 378 (2.13%) Eclipse
13 362 (2.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 347 (1.96%) Bitbucket
15 280 (1.58%) JMeter
16 255 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
17 247 (1.40%) Postman
18 240 (1.36%) Artifactory
19 235 (1.33%) GitLab
20 228 (1.29%) SoapUI
General
1 4,304 (24.31%) Finance
2 1,683 (9.51%) Banking
3 1,098 (6.20%) Front Office
4 808 (4.56%) Retail
5 460 (2.60%) Public Sector
6 450 (2.54%) Marketing
7 381 (2.15%) Games
8 361 (2.04%) Telecoms
9 335 (1.89%) Investment Banking
10 263 (1.49%) Manufacturing
11 196 (1.11%) Law
12 194 (1.10%) Electronics
12 194 (1.10%) Financial Institution
13 159 (0.90%) Advertising
14 147 (0.83%) Back Office
15 138 (0.78%) Automotive
16 127 (0.72%) Legal
17 88 (0.50%) Billing
18 86 (0.49%) Aerospace
19 69 (0.39%) Military
Job Titles
1 8,805 (49.73%) Developer
2 5,491 (31.01%) Java Developer
3 2,310 (13.05%) Senior Developer
4 2,238 (12.64%) Software Engineer
5 1,626 (9.18%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,421 (8.03%) Java Engineer
7 1,021 (5.77%) Software Developer
8 988 (5.58%) Java Software Engineer
9 924 (5.22%) Architect
10 716 (4.04%) Senior Software Engineer
11 713 (4.03%) DevOps Engineer
12 629 (3.55%) Analyst
13 544 (3.07%) Junior
14 539 (3.04%) Lead Developer
15 514 (2.90%) Java Software Developer
16 478 (2.70%) Graduate
17 476 (2.69%) Consultant
18 474 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
19 468 (2.64%) Test Engineer
20 423 (2.39%) AWS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,812 (21.53%) Spring
2 2,580 (14.57%) Web Services
3 2,186 (12.35%) .NET
4 2,064 (11.66%) AngularJS
5 2,036 (11.50%) HTML
6 1,783 (10.07%) React
7 1,768 (9.99%) Spring Boot
8 1,721 (9.72%) CSS
9 1,691 (9.55%) Node.js
10 1,680 (9.49%) RESTful
11 1,659 (9.37%) REST
12 1,428 (8.07%) J2EE
13 1,186 (6.70%) Hibernate
14 1,020 (5.76%) Kafka
15 1,012 (5.72%) XML
16 801 (4.52%) SOAP
17 754 (4.26%) JSON
18 638 (3.60%) HTML5
19 559 (3.16%) jQuery
20 413 (2.33%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,069 (6.04%) Greenfield Project
2 993 (5.61%) Analytical Skills
3 799 (4.51%) Fixed Income
4 731 (4.13%) Derivative
5 647 (3.65%) Mobile App
6 616 (3.48%) User Experience
7 600 (3.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 598 (3.38%) Equities
9 590 (3.33%) Algorithms
10 587 (3.32%) Hedge funds
11 507 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
12 397 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
13 379 (2.14%) Data Structures
14 337 (1.90%) Public Cloud
15 239 (1.35%) Cloud Native
16 192 (1.08%) Management Information System
17 191 (1.08%) Equity Derivative
18 178 (1.01%) Blog
19 171 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
20 153 (0.86%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,621 (14.80%) Linux
2 1,030 (5.82%) Unix
3 1,007 (5.69%) Android
4 986 (5.57%) Windows
5 672 (3.80%) Apple iOS
6 146 (0.82%) CentOS
7 138 (0.78%) Mac OS X
8 133 (0.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 128 (0.72%) Windows Server
10 52 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 49 (0.28%) Ubuntu
12 44 (0.25%) Embedded Linux
13 34 (0.19%) Debian
14 27 (0.15%) tvOS
14 27 (0.15%) Windows 7
15 26 (0.15%) Windows 10
16 24 (0.14%) Mesosphere
17 23 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
18 22 (0.12%) Kali Linux
18 22 (0.12%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,616 (48.66%) Agile Software Development
2 4,678 (26.42%) Software Engineering
3 3,658 (20.66%) Microservices
4 3,299 (18.63%) DevOps
5 3,026 (17.09%) TDD
6 2,925 (16.52%) Test Automation
7 2,537 (14.33%) Scrum
8 1,932 (10.91%) Computer Science
9 1,913 (10.80%) Continuous Integration
10 1,763 (9.96%) Problem-Solving
11 1,701 (9.61%) OO
12 1,696 (9.58%) Mentoring
13 1,683 (9.51%) BDD
14 1,328 (7.50%) Analytics
15 1,323 (7.47%) Fintech
16 1,247 (7.04%) Open Source
17 1,147 (6.48%) SDLC
18 1,078 (6.09%) Machine Learning
19 989 (5.59%) Asset Management
20 974 (5.50%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 4,924 (27.81%) Python
2 4,922 (27.80%) JavaScript
3 4,260 (24.06%) SQL
4 3,770 (21.29%) C#
5 2,360 (13.33%) C++
6 1,947 (11.00%) Java 8
7 1,216 (6.87%) Scala
8 1,027 (5.80%) Ruby
9 966 (5.46%) Kotlin
10 888 (5.02%) PHP
11 871 (4.92%) C
12 782 (4.42%) Go
13 561 (3.17%) Bash Shell
14 539 (3.04%) TypeScript
15 536 (3.03%) R
16 370 (2.09%) PL/SQL
17 357 (2.02%) PowerShell
18 347 (1.96%) Perl
19 320 (1.81%) Objective-C
20 291 (1.64%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 2,321 (13.11%) Degree
2 840 (4.74%) Computer Science Degree
3 759 (4.29%) Security Cleared
4 384 (2.17%) SC Cleared
5 257 (1.45%) DV Cleared
6 194 (1.10%) ISTQB
7 136 (0.77%) ISEB
8 131 (0.74%) Master's Degree
8 131 (0.74%) PhD
9 108 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
10 58 (0.33%) AWS Certification
11 52 (0.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 42 (0.24%) CISSP
13 39 (0.22%) Oracle Certification
14 33 (0.19%) Postgraduate
15 32 (0.18%) PMI Certification
16 25 (0.14%) CISM
17 20 (0.11%) CISA
17 20 (0.11%) HND
18 17 (0.096%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,365 (7.71%) QA
2 109 (0.62%) Data Quality
3 50 (0.28%) GDPR
4 35 (0.20%) SLA
5 27 (0.15%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.079%) PSD2
8 12 (0.068%) IFRS
8 12 (0.068%) IFRS 9
8 12 (0.068%) PMO
9 11 (0.062%) Basel II
10 7 (0.040%) ISO 9001
10 7 (0.040%) PA-DSS
11 6 (0.034%) EMIR
11 6 (0.034%) IEC 61131
12 5 (0.028%) Def Stans
12 5 (0.028%) HMG Infosec
12 5 (0.028%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 5 (0.028%) JSP 440
12 5 (0.028%) MiFID
System Software
1 3,090 (17.45%) Docker
2 131 (0.74%) Active Directory
3 86 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
4 68 (0.38%) HDFS
5 64 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
6 59 (0.33%) Firmware
7 44 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 26 (0.15%) vCloud
8 26 (0.15%) vSphere
9 24 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
10 19 (0.11%) Hyper-V
11 15 (0.085%) Postfix
12 12 (0.068%) ACF2
12 12 (0.068%) RACF
13 11 (0.062%) Apache Flume
14 9 (0.051%) Forefront TMG
14 9 (0.051%) Job Entry Subsystem
15 8 (0.045%) NFS
16 7 (0.040%) IAG
16 7 (0.040%) OpenSSH
Systems Management
1 2,226 (12.57%) Kubernetes
2 1,024 (5.78%) Ansible
3 928 (5.24%) Terraform
4 652 (3.68%) Puppet
5 605 (3.42%) Opscode Chef
6 137 (0.77%) Salt
7 131 (0.74%) Mesos
8 109 (0.62%) Kibana
9 100 (0.56%) Grafana
9 100 (0.56%) Prometheus
10 95 (0.54%) Docker Swarm
11 84 (0.47%) Marathon
12 80 (0.45%) Packer
13 74 (0.42%) Consul
14 72 (0.41%) Istio
15 70 (0.40%) Rancher
16 60 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
17 57 (0.32%) Nagios
18 54 (0.30%) Hadoop YARN
18 54 (0.30%) Oozie
Vendors
1 2,040 (11.52%) Oracle
2 891 (5.03%) Microsoft
3 795 (4.49%) Google
4 548 (3.09%) SAP
5 317 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
6 283 (1.60%) WorldPay
7 254 (1.43%) IBM
8 217 (1.23%) Splunk
9 215 (1.21%) Atlassian
10 188 (1.06%) Adobe
11 177 (1.00%) MuleSoft
12 175 (0.99%) Red Hat
13 154 (0.87%) Bloomberg
14 137 (0.77%) FIS
15 135 (0.76%) Tableau
16 132 (0.75%) VMware
17 127 (0.72%) Informatica
18 118 (0.67%) Sage
19 115 (0.65%) Sybase
20 102 (0.58%) TIBCO