Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 8 8
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +5
Permanent jobs citing Java 19,864 26,007 28,092
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.19% 15.73% 15.99%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.57% 28.27% 28.89%
Number of salaries quoted 15,818 20,645 21,345
UK median annual salary £61,000 £57,500 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +6.09% +4.55% -
10th Percentile £34,802 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £91,250 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,000
% change year-on-year - +6.38% +1.08%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,772 91,990 97,221
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.41% 55.64% 55.34%
Number of salaries quoted 61,121 76,470 79,828
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 18,136 £62,500 +8.70% 2,832
UK excluding London -1 9,812 £50,000 - 1,663
London 0 9,722 £75,000 +7.14% 1,417
South East +1 3,250 £55,000 +4.76% 384
North of England -3 2,129 £50,000 +6.38% 377
South West -7 1,240 £50,000 +5.26% 217
North West -1 1,226 £52,500 +7.14% 180
Scotland -1 963 £46,500 -7.00% 179
Midlands -6 962 £47,500 -5.00% 209
East of England -3 791 £55,000 +7.32% 228
Yorkshire -8 756 £47,500 +5.56% 151
East Midlands -1 498 £47,500 -9.52% 70
West Midlands -18 456 £47,500 - 138
Wales 0 347 £42,250 +1.81% 48
North East -7 147 £47,500 +5.56% 46
Northern Ireland +2 146 £42,500 - 24

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 9,888 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 5,422 (27.30%) Python
3 5,411 (27.24%) JavaScript
4 5,173 (26.04%) Software Engineering
5 5,017 (25.26%) SQL
6 4,685 (23.59%) AWS
7 4,500 (22.65%) Spring
8 4,342 (21.86%) Finance
9 4,007 (20.17%) C#
10 3,886 (19.56%) DevOps
11 3,789 (19.07%) Microservices
12 3,516 (17.70%) Docker
13 3,412 (17.18%) TDD
14 3,348 (16.85%) Test Automation
15 3,262 (16.42%) Linux
16 2,966 (14.93%) Scrum
17 2,910 (14.65%) Git (software)
18 2,692 (13.55%) Jenkins
19 2,626 (13.22%) Degree
20 2,625 (13.21%) Web Services
21 2,572 (12.95%) C++
22 2,457 (12.37%) HTML
23 2,398 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
24 2,390 (12.03%) Kubernetes
25 2,387 (12.02%) .NET
26 2,353 (11.85%) AngularJS
27 2,333 (11.74%) Oracle
28 2,207 (11.11%) Azure
29 2,122 (10.68%) Java 8
30 2,002 (10.08%) Computer Science

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 941 (4.74%) Apache Spark
2 778 (3.92%) Tomcat
3 759 (3.82%) Confluence
4 556 (2.80%) Apache
5 523 (2.63%) Elasticsearch
6 415 (2.09%) JBoss
7 329 (1.66%) WebSphere
8 210 (1.06%) WebLogic
9 187 (0.94%) CMS
10 186 (0.94%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 186 (0.94%) SharePoint
11 164 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
12 160 (0.81%) IIS
13 141 (0.71%) Oracle Workflow
14 133 (0.67%) Apache Solr
15 118 (0.59%) nginx
16 111 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 101 (0.51%) SAS
18 87 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
19 79 (0.40%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 100 (0.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 98 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
3 59 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 33 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 30 (0.15%) Chatbot
6 29 (0.15%) Photoshop
7 18 (0.091%) Simulink
8 15 (0.076%) Spreadsheet
9 14 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
9 14 (0.070%) EngageOne
10 12 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
10 12 (0.060%) SPSS
11 10 (0.050%) Maya
11 10 (0.050%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.035%) Zeplin
13 6 (0.030%) InDesign
14 5 (0.025%) Sketch
14 5 (0.025%) Stateflow
15 4 (0.020%) FileZilla
15 4 (0.020%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 172 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 138 (0.69%) Dynamics AX
3 117 (0.59%) Payment Gateway
4 87 (0.44%) thinkFolio
5 59 (0.30%) Magento
5 59 (0.30%) Markit EDM
6 55 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
7 53 (0.27%) Front Arena
8 43 (0.22%) Oracle EBS
9 33 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
10 30 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
11 28 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
12 27 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
12 27 (0.14%) SDL Web 8
13 25 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
14 22 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 21 (0.11%) LatentZero
16 20 (0.10%) R3 Corda
17 15 (0.076%) Remedy ITSM
18 14 (0.070%) FINCAD Analytics
Cloud Services
1 4,685 (23.59%) AWS
2 2,207 (11.11%) Azure
3 1,260 (6.34%) GCP
4 945 (4.76%) SaaS
5 645 (3.25%) Serverless
6 583 (2.93%) GitHub
7 452 (2.28%) Amazon EC2
8 419 (2.11%) Amazon S3
9 410 (2.06%) AWS Lambda
10 377 (1.90%) OpenShift
11 322 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
12 289 (1.45%) PaaS
13 284 (1.43%) AWS CloudFormation
14 252 (1.27%) Amazon ECS
15 210 (1.06%) Amazon SQS
16 187 (0.94%) IaaS
17 178 (0.90%) Power Platform
18 134 (0.67%) Dynamics 365
19 108 (0.54%) npm
20 94 (0.47%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 340 (1.71%) HTTP
2 304 (1.53%) Internet
3 215 (1.08%) TCP/IP
4 203 (1.02%) Firewall
5 81 (0.41%) Broadband
5 81 (0.41%) DNS
6 78 (0.39%) SSL
7 72 (0.36%) HTTPS
8 54 (0.27%) VPN
9 49 (0.25%) Network Security
10 43 (0.22%) Bluetooth
11 40 (0.20%) SSH
11 40 (0.20%) Wireless
12 38 (0.19%) Wireshark
13 36 (0.18%) VoIP
14 33 (0.17%) WAN
15 32 (0.16%) FTP
16 30 (0.15%) Ethernet
17 28 (0.14%) SAN
18 24 (0.12%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,583 (7.97%) Big Data
2 1,429 (7.19%) SQL Server
3 1,335 (6.72%) NoSQL
4 1,274 (6.41%) MySQL
5 1,124 (5.66%) Relational Database
6 1,090 (5.49%) PostgreSQL
7 998 (5.02%) MongoDB
8 969 (4.88%) Hadoop
9 470 (2.37%) Apache Cassandra
10 466 (2.35%) RDBMS
11 371 (1.87%) Apache Hive
12 340 (1.71%) Redis
13 334 (1.68%) Oracle Database
14 331 (1.67%) Amazon RDS
15 313 (1.58%) Data Warehouse
16 277 (1.39%) Blockchain
17 233 (1.17%) Amazon Redshift
18 227 (1.14%) HBase
19 219 (1.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 199 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 2,910 (14.65%) Git (software)
2 2,692 (13.55%) Jenkins
3 1,799 (9.06%) Selenium
4 1,683 (8.47%) JIRA
5 1,530 (7.70%) Maven
6 1,248 (6.28%) Cucumber
7 1,100 (5.54%) JUnit
8 610 (3.07%) WebDriver
9 558 (2.81%) Gradle
10 532 (2.68%) Subversion
11 509 (2.56%) TeamCity
12 476 (2.40%) Bitbucket
13 385 (1.94%) Eclipse
14 358 (1.80%) JMeter
15 354 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 304 (1.53%) Mockito
17 288 (1.45%) GitLab
17 288 (1.45%) SoapUI
18 277 (1.39%) Team Foundation Server
19 255 (1.28%) SpecFlow
General
1 4,342 (21.86%) Finance
2 1,610 (8.11%) Banking
3 1,040 (5.24%) Retail
4 959 (4.83%) Front Office
5 533 (2.68%) Games
6 505 (2.54%) Marketing
7 490 (2.47%) Public Sector
8 446 (2.25%) Telecoms
9 338 (1.70%) Investment Banking
10 298 (1.50%) Law
11 281 (1.41%) Manufacturing
12 206 (1.04%) Advertising
13 203 (1.02%) Electronics
14 180 (0.91%) Financial Institution
15 165 (0.83%) Back Office
16 144 (0.72%) Automotive
17 125 (0.63%) Legal
18 90 (0.45%) Aerospace
19 88 (0.44%) Publishing
20 86 (0.43%) Military
Job Titles
1 9,857 (49.62%) Developer
2 6,027 (30.34%) Java Developer
3 2,338 (11.77%) Software Engineer
4 2,251 (11.33%) Senior Developer
5 1,544 (7.77%) Senior Java Developer
6 1,483 (7.47%) Java Engineer
7 1,117 (5.62%) Software Developer
8 1,092 (5.50%) Architect
9 947 (4.77%) DevOps Engineer
10 903 (4.55%) Java Software Engineer
11 726 (3.65%) Analyst
12 640 (3.22%) Junior
13 607 (3.06%) Test Engineer
14 596 (3.00%) Senior Software Engineer
15 549 (2.76%) Lead Developer
16 528 (2.66%) Consultant
17 521 (2.62%) Java Software Developer
18 513 (2.58%) Graduate
19 479 (2.41%) AWS Engineer
20 477 (2.40%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,500 (22.65%) Spring
2 2,625 (13.21%) Web Services
3 2,457 (12.37%) HTML
4 2,387 (12.02%) .NET
5 2,353 (11.85%) AngularJS
6 1,971 (9.92%) CSS
7 1,926 (9.70%) Spring Boot
8 1,821 (9.17%) REST
9 1,753 (8.83%) React
10 1,744 (8.78%) RESTful
11 1,665 (8.38%) Node.js
12 1,407 (7.08%) Hibernate
13 1,344 (6.77%) J2EE
14 1,231 (6.20%) XML
15 1,140 (5.74%) Kafka
16 976 (4.91%) SOAP
17 934 (4.70%) JSON
18 784 (3.95%) HTML5
19 695 (3.50%) jQuery
20 532 (2.68%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,219 (6.14%) Analytical Skills
2 1,218 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
3 777 (3.91%) User Experience
4 745 (3.75%) Algorithms
5 709 (3.57%) Mobile App
6 679 (3.42%) Fixed Income
7 585 (2.95%) Derivative
8 568 (2.86%) Enterprise Software
9 539 (2.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 460 (2.32%) Equities
11 449 (2.26%) Self-Motivation
12 411 (2.07%) Data Structures
13 380 (1.91%) Hedge funds
14 349 (1.76%) Public Cloud
15 251 (1.26%) Cloud Native
16 243 (1.22%) Management Information System
17 215 (1.08%) Linux Command Line
18 198 (1.00%) Robotics
19 183 (0.92%) Client/Server
20 181 (0.91%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,262 (16.42%) Linux
2 1,238 (6.23%) Unix
3 1,113 (5.60%) Windows
4 1,020 (5.13%) Android
5 617 (3.11%) Apple iOS
6 183 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 167 (0.84%) CentOS
8 125 (0.63%) Windows Server
9 96 (0.48%) Ubuntu
10 58 (0.29%) Mac OS
11 55 (0.28%) Windows 10
12 47 (0.24%) AIX
13 43 (0.22%) Debian
14 35 (0.18%) Mesosphere
15 31 (0.16%) MVS
16 30 (0.15%) Windows 7
17 27 (0.14%) SUSE
18 22 (0.11%) Mac OS X
18 22 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
18 22 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,888 (49.78%) Agile Software Development
2 5,173 (26.04%) Software Engineering
3 3,886 (19.56%) DevOps
4 3,789 (19.07%) Microservices
5 3,412 (17.18%) TDD
6 3,348 (16.85%) Test Automation
7 2,966 (14.93%) Scrum
8 2,398 (12.07%) Continuous Integration
9 2,002 (10.08%) Computer Science
10 1,986 (10.00%) BDD
11 1,951 (9.82%) Mentoring
12 1,943 (9.78%) OO
13 1,867 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
14 1,643 (8.27%) SDLC
15 1,473 (7.42%) Fintech
16 1,376 (6.93%) Analytics
17 1,334 (6.72%) Open Source
18 1,127 (5.67%) Machine Learning
19 1,088 (5.48%) E-Commerce
20 1,014 (5.10%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,422 (27.30%) Python
2 5,411 (27.24%) JavaScript
3 5,017 (25.26%) SQL
4 4,007 (20.17%) C#
5 2,572 (12.95%) C++
6 2,122 (10.68%) Java 8
7 1,467 (7.39%) Scala
8 1,060 (5.34%) Ruby
9 999 (5.03%) C
10 971 (4.89%) PHP
11 931 (4.69%) Go
12 777 (3.91%) Kotlin
13 663 (3.34%) Bash Shell
14 549 (2.76%) TypeScript
15 486 (2.45%) R
16 444 (2.24%) PL/SQL
17 438 (2.20%) Perl
18 411 (2.07%) PowerShell
19 382 (1.92%) Shell Script
20 380 (1.91%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 2,626 (13.22%) Degree
2 969 (4.88%) Security Cleared
3 902 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
4 475 (2.39%) SC Cleared
5 348 (1.75%) DV Cleared
6 247 (1.24%) ISTQB
7 193 (0.97%) PhD
8 155 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
9 143 (0.72%) ISEB
10 123 (0.62%) Master's Degree
11 103 (0.52%) CISSP
12 81 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 63 (0.32%) AWS Certification
14 43 (0.22%) CEH
15 38 (0.19%) Oracle Certification
16 37 (0.19%) CISM
17 36 (0.18%) Microsoft Certification
18 34 (0.17%) CISA
18 34 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
19 31 (0.16%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,618 (8.15%) QA
2 108 (0.54%) GDPR
3 93 (0.47%) Data Quality
4 77 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 68 (0.34%) SLA
6 30 (0.15%) PSD2
7 29 (0.15%) COBIT
8 24 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 23 (0.12%) HMG Infosec
9 23 (0.12%) JSP 440
10 17 (0.086%) HIPAA
11 16 (0.081%) PCI DSS
12 15 (0.076%) IFRS
12 15 (0.076%) IFRS 9
12 15 (0.076%) ISO 9001
13 13 (0.065%) WAI
14 12 (0.060%) PMO
15 11 (0.055%) MiFID
16 10 (0.050%) CRD IV
16 10 (0.050%) EMIR
System Software
1 3,516 (17.70%) Docker
2 144 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 117 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 99 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 82 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
6 76 (0.38%) HDFS
7 54 (0.27%) vSphere
8 53 (0.27%) Firmware
9 51 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
10 43 (0.22%) Apache Flume
11 23 (0.12%) vCloud
12 22 (0.11%) Forefront TMG
13 18 (0.091%) Hyper-V
14 14 (0.070%) etcd
15 11 (0.055%) Job Entry Subsystem
16 8 (0.040%) GridGain
16 8 (0.040%) KVM
16 8 (0.040%) VirtualBox
16 8 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
16 8 (0.040%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 2,390 (12.03%) Kubernetes
2 1,274 (6.41%) Ansible
3 1,048 (5.28%) Terraform
4 914 (4.60%) Puppet
5 818 (4.12%) Opscode Chef
6 190 (0.96%) Prometheus
7 144 (0.72%) Mesos
8 129 (0.65%) Kibana
9 115 (0.58%) Grafana
10 114 (0.57%) Salt
11 111 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
12 110 (0.55%) Docker Swarm
13 109 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
14 105 (0.53%) Consul
15 104 (0.52%) Packer
16 100 (0.50%) Marathon
17 93 (0.47%) Oozie
18 76 (0.38%) Rancher
19 73 (0.37%) Nagios
20 59 (0.30%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,333 (11.74%) Oracle
2 1,152 (5.80%) Microsoft
3 932 (4.69%) Google
4 500 (2.52%) SAP
5 412 (2.07%) Salesforce.com
6 360 (1.81%) IBM
7 292 (1.47%) Splunk
8 275 (1.38%) WorldPay
9 255 (1.28%) Atlassian
10 244 (1.23%) Red Hat
11 202 (1.02%) Tableau
12 174 (0.88%) Adobe
13 164 (0.83%) VMware
14 161 (0.81%) Cloudera
15 153 (0.77%) MuleSoft
16 148 (0.75%) Bloomberg
17 132 (0.66%) HP
18 126 (0.63%) Sage
19 123 (0.62%) Informatica
20 121 (0.61%) TIBCO