Period
to 15 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 15 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
15 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 11 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 -2 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 12,167 13,586 22,167
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 13.44% 14.09% 15.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.41% 25.70% 28.22%
Number of salaries quoted 8,995 11,135 17,668
10th Percentile £40,000 £37,011 £32,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £46,250 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £65,000 £65,000 £60,000
Median % change year-on-year - +8.33% +9.09%
75th Percentile £85,000 £85,000 £78,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £108,750 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 49,837 52,856 78,537
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.05% 54.81% 54.31%
Number of salaries quoted 38,674 43,947 64,824
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,250 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 15 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 15 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 10,921 £65,000 - 1,926
UK excluding London -1 5,841 £55,000 +10.00% 1,187
London -3 5,751 £80,000 +6.67% 916
Work from Home -3 2,287 £65,000 +4.00% 503
South East 0 1,573 £57,500 +4.55% 291
North of England +2 1,389 £55,000 +10.00% 316
South West +3 1,038 £52,500 +5.00% 141
Yorkshire +1 659 £55,000 +10.00% 99
Midlands -2 632 £50,000 - 160
Scotland +1 597 £50,000 +5.26% 111
North West -3 557 £55,000 +4.76% 173
West Midlands +1 397 £55,000 +15.79% 113
East of England +3 369 £61,000 +22.00% 102
East Midlands -9 230 £50,000 - 46
North East +22 173 £50,000 +11.11% 44
Wales +2 130 £45,000 +5.88% 35
Northern Ireland +3 122 £45,000 - 31
Isle of Man - 2 £40,000 -

For the 6 months to 15 May 2021, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 5,789 (47.58%) Agile Software Development
2 4,057 (33.34%) Python
3 3,752 (30.84%) JavaScript
4 3,734 (30.69%) AWS
5 3,487 (28.66%) Software Engineering
6 3,081 (25.32%) SQL
7 2,891 (23.76%) Microservices
8 2,844 (23.37%) DevOps
9 2,764 (22.72%) Docker
10 2,685 (22.07%) Spring
11 2,496 (20.51%) Finance
12 2,357 (19.37%) Kubernetes
13 2,253 (18.52%) C#
14 2,141 (17.60%) TDD
15 2,055 (16.89%) Social Skills
16 1,995 (16.40%) Azure
17 1,916 (15.75%) HTML
18 1,837 (15.10%) Test Automation
19 1,762 (14.48%) Jenkins
20 1,755 (14.42%) CSS
21 1,752 (14.40%) Scrum
22 1,674 (13.76%) Linux
23 1,604 (13.18%) Git (software)
24 1,581 (12.99%) React
25 1,569 (12.90%) Oracle
26 1,508 (12.39%) Java 8
27 1,415 (11.63%) AngularJS
28 1,414 (11.62%) Degree
29 1,408 (11.57%) Spring Boot
30 1,345 (11.05%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 536 (4.41%) Apache Spark
2 451 (3.71%) Elasticsearch
3 433 (3.56%) Confluence
4 403 (3.31%) Apache
5 261 (2.15%) Tomcat
6 112 (0.92%) nginx
7 111 (0.91%) JBoss
8 99 (0.81%) CMS
9 87 (0.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 81 (0.67%) WebSphere
11 76 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
12 72 (0.59%) SAS
13 64 (0.53%) GemFire
14 59 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
15 52 (0.43%) WebLogic
16 51 (0.42%) Apache Solr
17 47 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
18 46 (0.38%) Adobe Experience Manager
19 41 (0.34%) SharePoint
20 40 (0.33%) IIS
Applications
1 83 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
2 47 (0.39%) Sketch
3 45 (0.37%) Microsoft Excel
4 43 (0.35%) InVision
5 23 (0.19%) Adobe XD
6 22 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 17 (0.14%) Figma
8 15 (0.12%) MS Visio
9 13 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
10 12 (0.099%) Photoshop
11 10 (0.082%) Simulink
12 8 (0.066%) Adobe Illustrator
12 8 (0.066%) SPSS
12 8 (0.066%) Zeplin
13 7 (0.058%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 5 (0.041%) 3ds Max
14 5 (0.041%) Maya
14 5 (0.041%) ZBrush
15 2 (0.016%) Adobe Creative Suite
15 2 (0.016%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 22 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
2 20 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
4 17 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
5 16 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
5 16 (0.13%) Shopify
6 12 (0.099%) Oracle BPM
6 12 (0.099%) PeopleSoft HCM
6 12 (0.099%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 11 (0.090%) R3 Corda
8 10 (0.082%) SAP Business One
9 9 (0.074%) SAP S/4HANA
10 7 (0.058%) NetSuite
10 7 (0.058%) SAP CRM
11 6 (0.049%) SAP Hybris
12 5 (0.041%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 5 (0.041%) Temenos T24
13 4 (0.033%) FINCAD Analytics
13 4 (0.033%) Oracle EBS R12
13 4 (0.033%) SAP GTS
Cloud Services
1 3,734 (30.69%) AWS
2 1,995 (16.40%) Azure
3 1,345 (11.05%) GCP
4 662 (5.44%) Serverless
5 642 (5.28%) SaaS
6 372 (3.06%) AWS Lambda
7 356 (2.93%) GitHub
8 335 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
9 312 (2.56%) AWS CloudFormation
10 278 (2.28%) PaaS
11 207 (1.70%) Amazon S3
12 192 (1.58%) Amazon ECS
13 190 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
13 190 (1.56%) OpenShift
14 160 (1.32%) IaaS
15 120 (0.99%) Amazon Kinesis
16 117 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 102 (0.84%) Power Platform
18 101 (0.83%) Amazon SQS
19 95 (0.78%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 233 (1.92%) HTTP
2 176 (1.45%) Internet
3 82 (0.67%) Firewall
4 57 (0.47%) TCP/IP
5 51 (0.42%) DNS
6 38 (0.31%) AMQP
7 33 (0.27%) FTP
8 29 (0.24%) Network Security
9 28 (0.23%) Broadband
9 28 (0.23%) VPN
10 24 (0.20%) SSL
11 20 (0.16%) HTTPS
11 20 (0.16%) Wireless
12 19 (0.16%) SSH
13 18 (0.15%) 5G
14 16 (0.13%) LAN
15 15 (0.12%) Bluetooth
15 15 (0.12%) WAN
16 14 (0.12%) SNMP
17 12 (0.099%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,033 (8.49%) NoSQL
2 1,003 (8.24%) PostgreSQL
3 825 (6.78%) Big Data
4 824 (6.77%) MySQL
5 759 (6.24%) Relational Database
6 686 (5.64%) MongoDB
7 674 (5.54%) SQL Server
8 486 (3.99%) Hadoop
9 344 (2.83%) Redis
10 295 (2.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 238 (1.96%) Apache Cassandra
12 230 (1.89%) RDBMS
13 198 (1.63%) Data Warehouse
14 139 (1.14%) MariaDB
15 131 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
15 131 (1.08%) BigQuery
16 127 (1.04%) Oracle Database
17 121 (0.99%) Amazon Redshift
18 119 (0.98%) Apache Hive
19 104 (0.85%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 1,762 (14.48%) Jenkins
2 1,604 (13.18%) Git (software)
3 949 (7.80%) JIRA
4 783 (6.44%) Selenium
5 731 (6.01%) Maven
6 674 (5.54%) Cucumber
7 559 (4.59%) JUnit
8 371 (3.05%) Gradle
9 348 (2.86%) GitLab
10 229 (1.88%) Subversion
11 224 (1.84%) JMeter
12 223 (1.83%) WebDriver
13 222 (1.82%) Mockito
14 218 (1.79%) IntelliJ
15 189 (1.55%) Bitbucket
16 185 (1.52%) Postman
17 183 (1.50%) Eclipse
18 175 (1.44%) SonarQube
19 174 (1.43%) Artifactory
20 165 (1.36%) Cypress.io
General
1 2,496 (20.51%) Finance
2 2,055 (16.89%) Social Skills
3 1,080 (8.88%) Banking
4 716 (5.88%) Analytical Skills
5 495 (4.07%) Public Sector
6 458 (3.76%) Front Office
7 440 (3.62%) Games
8 388 (3.19%) Retail
9 322 (2.65%) Marketing
10 279 (2.29%) Law
11 221 (1.82%) Investment Banking
12 210 (1.73%) Presentation Skills
13 157 (1.29%) Manufacturing
14 156 (1.28%) Telecoms
15 147 (1.21%) Electronics
16 129 (1.06%) Advertising
17 122 (1.00%) Legal
18 110 (0.90%) Financial Institution
19 101 (0.83%) Multimedia
20 100 (0.82%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 5,813 (47.78%) Developer
2 3,024 (24.85%) Java Developer
3 1,898 (15.60%) Software Engineer
4 1,183 (9.72%) Senior Developer
5 1,074 (8.83%) Java Engineer
6 777 (6.39%) Senior Java Developer
7 711 (5.84%) Software Developer
8 644 (5.29%) Full Stack Developer
9 602 (4.95%) Java Software Engineer
10 542 (4.45%) Architect
11 519 (4.27%) Trainee
12 506 (4.16%) Trainee Developer
13 473 (3.89%) DevOps Engineer
14 470 (3.86%) Senior Software Engineer
15 461 (3.79%) Web Developer
16 441 (3.62%) Lead Developer
17 370 (3.04%) Trainee Web Developer
18 337 (2.77%) Tester
19 334 (2.75%) Data Engineer
20 325 (2.67%) AWS Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,685 (22.07%) Spring
2 1,916 (15.75%) HTML
3 1,755 (14.42%) CSS
4 1,581 (12.99%) React
5 1,415 (11.63%) AngularJS
6 1,408 (11.57%) Spring Boot
7 1,319 (10.84%) Node.js
8 1,305 (10.73%) Web Services
9 1,257 (10.33%) REST
10 1,251 (10.28%) Kafka
11 1,068 (8.78%) RESTful
12 1,037 (8.52%) HTML5
13 913 (7.50%) .NET
14 760 (6.25%) Hibernate
15 540 (4.44%) Java SE
16 459 (3.77%) XML
17 444 (3.65%) SOAP
18 436 (3.58%) JSON
19 423 (3.48%) Vue.js
20 346 (2.84%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 629 (5.17%) Greenfield Project
2 540 (4.44%) Data Structures
3 521 (4.28%) Algorithms
4 471 (3.87%) User Experience
5 464 (3.81%) Mobile App
6 335 (2.75%) Fixed Income
7 320 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
8 313 (2.57%) Equities
8 313 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 285 (2.34%) Hedge funds
10 284 (2.33%) Enterprise Software
11 277 (2.28%) Derivative
12 273 (2.24%) Cloud Native
13 176 (1.45%) NHS
14 168 (1.38%) Virtual Team
15 150 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
16 145 (1.19%) Data Centre
17 118 (0.97%) Public Cloud
18 112 (0.92%) Management Information System
19 97 (0.80%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,674 (13.76%) Linux
2 626 (5.15%) Android
3 589 (4.84%) Windows
4 568 (4.67%) Unix
5 325 (2.67%) Apple iOS
6 146 (1.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 88 (0.72%) CentOS
8 75 (0.62%) Ubuntu
9 60 (0.49%) Windows Server
10 21 (0.17%) Solaris
11 19 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
12 18 (0.15%) Windows Server 2016
13 14 (0.12%) Mac OS X
14 10 (0.082%) Windows 10
15 8 (0.066%) Debian
16 6 (0.049%) Oracle Linux
16 6 (0.049%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.049%) Windows Server 2012
17 5 (0.041%) Mac OS
17 5 (0.041%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,789 (47.58%) Agile Software Development
2 3,487 (28.66%) Software Engineering
3 2,891 (23.76%) Microservices
4 2,844 (23.37%) DevOps
5 2,141 (17.60%) TDD
6 1,837 (15.10%) Test Automation
7 1,752 (14.40%) Scrum
8 1,293 (10.63%) OO
9 1,199 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
10 1,178 (9.68%) Computer Science
11 1,145 (9.41%) Continuous Integration
12 1,135 (9.33%) BDD
13 1,075 (8.84%) Mentoring
14 1,036 (8.51%) Fintech
15 953 (7.83%) Analytics
16 926 (7.61%) Web Development
17 810 (6.66%) SDLC
18 754 (6.20%) Open Source
19 729 (5.99%) Software Testing
20 674 (5.54%) Cybersecurity
Programming Languages
1 4,057 (33.34%) Python
2 3,752 (30.84%) JavaScript
3 3,081 (25.32%) SQL
4 2,253 (18.52%) C#
5 1,508 (12.39%) Java 8
6 1,292 (10.62%) C++
7 969 (7.96%) TypeScript
8 930 (7.64%) Scala
9 909 (7.47%) Go
10 825 (6.78%) Kotlin
11 564 (4.64%) Ruby
12 532 (4.37%) PHP
13 526 (4.32%) C
14 388 (3.19%) Bash Shell
15 301 (2.47%) Groovy
16 259 (2.13%) PowerShell
17 202 (1.66%) Shell Script
18 198 (1.63%) PL/SQL
19 192 (1.58%) R
20 183 (1.50%) Perl
Qualifications
1 1,414 (11.62%) Degree
2 689 (5.66%) Security Cleared
3 589 (4.84%) Oracle Certification
4 557 (4.58%) SC Cleared
5 531 (4.36%) Computer Science Degree
6 519 (4.27%) CIW
6 519 (4.27%) OCA
7 408 (3.35%) OCAJ
8 166 (1.36%) OCP
9 116 (0.95%) Numerate Degree
10 110 (0.90%) ISTQB
11 109 (0.90%) Master's Degree
12 108 (0.89%) DV Cleared
13 79 (0.65%) PhD
14 49 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
15 47 (0.39%) ISEB
16 46 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
17 34 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 28 (0.23%) SANS
19 27 (0.22%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 855 (7.03%) QA
2 85 (0.70%) Data Quality
3 63 (0.52%) SLA
4 51 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 44 (0.36%) GDPR
6 40 (0.33%) WCAG
7 29 (0.24%) NIST
8 21 (0.17%) GRC
9 20 (0.16%) MiFID
10 17 (0.14%) NCSC
11 16 (0.13%) PCI DSS
12 15 (0.12%) EMIR
13 13 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 13 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
14 12 (0.099%) Good Clinical Practice
14 12 (0.099%) SOC 2
15 8 (0.066%) CDISC
16 6 (0.049%) ISO 9001
16 6 (0.049%) SOC 1
17 5 (0.041%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 2,764 (22.72%) Docker
2 110 (0.90%) VMware Infrastructure
3 80 (0.66%) Active Directory
3 80 (0.66%) HDFS
4 30 (0.25%) Virtual Machines
5 28 (0.23%) NDS
5 28 (0.23%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 27 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 23 (0.19%) Hyper-V
7 23 (0.19%) KVM
8 21 (0.17%) Firmware
9 15 (0.12%) vSphere
10 11 (0.090%) Apache Flume
11 9 (0.074%) Xen
12 8 (0.066%) Postfix
12 8 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
13 5 (0.041%) BitLocker
13 5 (0.041%) Gluster
14 4 (0.033%) VirtualBox
15 3 (0.025%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 2,357 (19.37%) Kubernetes
2 988 (8.12%) Terraform
3 850 (6.99%) Ansible
4 343 (2.82%) Puppet
5 339 (2.79%) Opscode Chef
6 204 (1.68%) Prometheus
7 173 (1.42%) Grafana
8 50 (0.41%) Packer
9 44 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
9 44 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
10 42 (0.35%) ZABBIX
11 40 (0.33%) Kibana
12 32 (0.26%) Graphite
12 32 (0.26%) Istio
13 31 (0.25%) Nagios
14 28 (0.23%) NetIQ Identity Manager
15 27 (0.22%) Consul
16 26 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
17 20 (0.16%) logstash
18 19 (0.16%) Demisto
Vendors
1 1,569 (12.90%) Oracle
2 1,097 (9.02%) Microsoft
3 605 (4.97%) Google
4 233 (1.92%) IBM
5 195 (1.60%) Red Hat
6 182 (1.50%) SAP
7 159 (1.31%) VMware
8 141 (1.16%) Splunk
9 128 (1.05%) Sybase
10 125 (1.03%) Atlassian
11 113 (0.93%) MuleSoft
12 103 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
13 95 (0.78%) Adobe
13 95 (0.78%) New Relic
14 79 (0.65%) Apple
15 78 (0.64%) Talend
16 59 (0.48%) SaltStack
17 55 (0.45%) AppDynamics
18 53 (0.44%) Okta
19 49 (0.40%) Databricks