Period
to 23 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 11 10 8
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 8,023 18,774 25,674
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.81% 13.89% 15.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.03% 25.82% 28.53%
Number of salaries quoted 7,962 16,281 21,470
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £92,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,056 72,712 89,989
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.18% 53.78% 55.24%
Number of salaries quoted 27,453 59,986 74,876
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +1.01%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 7,340 £65,000 +3.17% 1,601
London -2 4,167 £75,000 - 813
UK excluding London 0 3,613 £55,000 +10.00% 926
Work from Home 0 1,331 £60,000 -7.69% 362
South East +1 1,086 £60,000 +9.09% 199
North of England -4 874 £52,500 +5.00% 290
South West +3 575 £50,000 +2.04% 106
Yorkshire +2 441 £52,500 +5.00% 90
Scotland 0 397 £50,000 - 105
North West -15 314 £52,500 - 161
Midlands -8 301 £52,500 +8.47% 104
East of England -1 242 £55,000 - 84
West Midlands +6 202 £52,500 +16.67% 65
North East +8 118 £50,000 +1.52% 39
East Midlands -23 95 £52,500 +5.00% 39
Northern Ireland +2 78 £50,000 +11.11% 16
Wales -16 60 £50,000 +17.65% 23

For the 6 months to 23 November 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,732 (46.52%) Agile Software Development
2 2,772 (34.55%) Python
3 2,528 (31.51%) JavaScript
4 2,411 (30.05%) AWS
5 2,042 (25.45%) SQL
6 1,932 (24.08%) Software Engineering
7 1,869 (23.30%) Finance
8 1,812 (22.59%) DevOps
9 1,758 (21.91%) Microservices
10 1,712 (21.34%) Spring
11 1,618 (20.17%) Docker
12 1,387 (17.29%) TDD
13 1,374 (17.13%) Azure
14 1,358 (16.93%) C#
15 1,350 (16.83%) Kubernetes
16 1,192 (14.86%) Test Automation
17 1,176 (14.66%) Scrum
18 1,127 (14.05%) AngularJS
19 1,112 (13.86%) Web Services
20 1,061 (13.22%) React
21 1,041 (12.98%) Linux
22 999 (12.45%) Jenkins
23 947 (11.80%) Git (software)
24 930 (11.59%) Spring Boot
25 923 (11.50%) Degree
26 888 (11.07%) Node.js
27 884 (11.02%) C++
28 828 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
29 819 (10.21%) GCP
30 808 (10.07%) .NET

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 330 (4.11%) Elasticsearch
2 327 (4.08%) Apache Spark
3 299 (3.73%) Apache
4 266 (3.32%) Confluence
5 193 (2.41%) Tomcat
6 116 (1.45%) WebSphere
7 83 (1.03%) JBoss
8 70 (0.87%) SAS
9 69 (0.86%) Cloud Foundry
10 66 (0.82%) WebLogic
11 53 (0.66%) nginx
12 43 (0.54%) CMS
13 34 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
13 34 (0.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 34 (0.42%) SharePoint
14 32 (0.40%) Mule
15 31 (0.39%) Red Hat Fuse
16 30 (0.37%) IIS
17 28 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
18 19 (0.24%) Apache Airflow
Applications
1 20 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
2 16 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 15 (0.19%) Sketch
4 14 (0.17%) Adobe XD
4 14 (0.17%) Figma
5 12 (0.15%) MS Visio
6 10 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 10 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
7 8 (0.100%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.037%) Maya
8 3 (0.037%) Microsoft Project
9 2 (0.025%) Blender
9 2 (0.025%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.012%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.012%) Simulink
10 1 (0.012%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 41 (0.51%) Distributed Ledger
1 41 (0.51%) R3 Corda
2 29 (0.36%) Dynamics CRM
3 28 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
4 27 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
5 25 (0.31%) Dynamics AX
6 23 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
7 18 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
8 12 (0.15%) SAP GTS
9 8 (0.100%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
9 8 (0.100%) Magento
9 8 (0.100%) SAP S/4HANA
9 8 (0.100%) Sentinel
10 6 (0.075%) Oracle Applications
10 6 (0.075%) Oracle EBS
10 6 (0.075%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 5 (0.062%) FINCAD Analytics
11 5 (0.062%) Oracle ERP
11 5 (0.062%) SAP CRM
12 4 (0.050%) Front Arena
Cloud Services
1 2,411 (30.05%) AWS
2 1,374 (17.13%) Azure
3 819 (10.21%) GCP
4 440 (5.48%) SaaS
5 382 (4.76%) Serverless
6 285 (3.55%) AWS Lambda
7 245 (3.05%) Amazon EC2
8 191 (2.38%) GitHub
9 175 (2.18%) Amazon S3
10 173 (2.16%) PaaS
11 137 (1.71%) OpenShift
12 132 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
13 126 (1.57%) IaaS
14 120 (1.50%) Amazon ECS
15 95 (1.18%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 88 (1.10%) Apigee
17 82 (1.02%) Power Platform
18 76 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
19 64 (0.80%) Amazon Kinesis
20 57 (0.71%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 145 (1.81%) HTTP
2 73 (0.91%) TCP/IP
3 69 (0.86%) Internet
4 68 (0.85%) Firewall
5 63 (0.79%) DNS
6 28 (0.35%) HTTPS
7 27 (0.34%) FTP
8 25 (0.31%) SSH
9 23 (0.29%) VPN
10 22 (0.27%) Wireless
11 20 (0.25%) SSL
12 19 (0.24%) SMTP
13 17 (0.21%) AMQP
14 14 (0.17%) Bluetooth
14 14 (0.17%) Broadband
14 14 (0.17%) Kerberos
15 13 (0.16%) IMAP
16 10 (0.12%) 5G
16 10 (0.12%) DHCP
16 10 (0.12%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 763 (9.51%) NoSQL
2 646 (8.05%) PostgreSQL
3 607 (7.57%) Big Data
4 491 (6.12%) MySQL
5 485 (6.05%) SQL Server
6 428 (5.33%) MongoDB
7 368 (4.59%) Relational Database
8 351 (4.37%) Hadoop
9 203 (2.53%) Apache Cassandra
10 195 (2.43%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 165 (2.06%) Redis
12 164 (2.04%) Data Warehouse
13 137 (1.71%) Amazon Redshift
14 129 (1.61%) Blockchain
15 122 (1.52%) Apache Hive
16 93 (1.16%) Oracle Database
17 81 (1.01%) BusinessObjects
18 77 (0.96%) Power BI
19 74 (0.92%) Data Lake
20 73 (0.91%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 999 (12.45%) Jenkins
2 947 (11.80%) Git (software)
3 658 (8.20%) Selenium
4 595 (7.42%) JIRA
5 446 (5.56%) Cucumber
6 418 (5.21%) Maven
7 393 (4.90%) JUnit
8 187 (2.33%) Subversion
9 184 (2.29%) WebDriver
10 182 (2.27%) GitLab
11 177 (2.21%) Gradle
12 157 (1.96%) Mockito
13 138 (1.72%) Appium
14 118 (1.47%) JMeter
15 111 (1.38%) Artifactory
16 110 (1.37%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 110 (1.37%) Bitbucket
17 105 (1.31%) SoapUI
18 104 (1.30%) TeamCity
19 100 (1.25%) Eclipse
General
1 1,869 (23.30%) Finance
2 692 (8.63%) Banking
3 523 (6.52%) Front Office
4 287 (3.58%) Public Sector
5 212 (2.64%) Retail
6 202 (2.52%) Investment Banking
7 167 (2.08%) Games
8 132 (1.65%) Marketing
9 121 (1.51%) Telecoms
10 100 (1.25%) Law
11 84 (1.05%) Advertising
12 80 (1.00%) Back Office
13 77 (0.96%) Manufacturing
14 58 (0.72%) Electronics
15 48 (0.60%) Financial Institution
16 39 (0.49%) Publishing
17 31 (0.39%) Retail Banking
18 28 (0.35%) Legal
19 18 (0.22%) German Language
20 16 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,963 (49.40%) Developer
2 2,089 (26.04%) Java Developer
3 1,067 (13.30%) Software Engineer
4 813 (10.13%) Senior Developer
5 662 (8.25%) Java Engineer
6 524 (6.53%) Architect
7 507 (6.32%) Senior Java Developer
8 386 (4.81%) Software Developer
9 382 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
10 348 (4.34%) Full Stack Developer
11 342 (4.26%) Python Developer
12 335 (4.18%) Lead Developer
13 324 (4.04%) Java Software Engineer
14 313 (3.90%) Python Engineer
15 288 (3.59%) Developer/Software Engineer
16 227 (2.83%) Data Engineer
17 219 (2.73%) AWS Engineer
18 217 (2.70%) Tester
19 210 (2.62%) Senior Software Engineer
20 205 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,712 (21.34%) Spring
2 1,127 (14.05%) AngularJS
3 1,112 (13.86%) Web Services
4 1,061 (13.22%) React
5 930 (11.59%) Spring Boot
6 888 (11.07%) Node.js
7 808 (10.07%) .NET
8 714 (8.90%) HTML
9 710 (8.85%) Kafka
10 677 (8.44%) REST
11 667 (8.31%) RESTful
12 629 (7.84%) CSS
13 432 (5.38%) Vue.js
14 367 (4.57%) Hibernate
15 316 (3.94%) J2EE
16 293 (3.65%) SOAP
16 293 (3.65%) XML
17 286 (3.56%) JSON
18 249 (3.10%) RabbitMQ
19 203 (2.53%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 490 (6.11%) Fixed Income
2 469 (5.85%) Greenfield Project
3 435 (5.42%) Hedge funds
4 404 (5.04%) Analytical Skills
5 395 (4.92%) Derivative
6 393 (4.90%) Algorithms
7 357 (4.45%) Mobile App
8 332 (4.14%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 325 (4.05%) Equities
10 282 (3.51%) Data Structures
11 225 (2.80%) User Experience
12 179 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
13 177 (2.21%) Cloud Native
14 170 (2.12%) Enterprise Software
15 144 (1.79%) Public Cloud
16 103 (1.28%) Management Information System
17 86 (1.07%) Virtual Team
18 75 (0.93%) Credit Derivative
19 68 (0.85%) NHS
20 63 (0.79%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,041 (12.98%) Linux
2 510 (6.36%) Android
3 391 (4.87%) Unix
4 341 (4.25%) Windows
5 285 (3.55%) Apple iOS
6 89 (1.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 79 (0.98%) CentOS
8 37 (0.46%) Ubuntu
9 31 (0.39%) Windows Server
10 22 (0.27%) CoreOS
11 21 (0.26%) AIX
12 17 (0.21%) zOS
13 13 (0.16%) VMS
14 12 (0.15%) Mesosphere
15 11 (0.14%) Mac OS
16 9 (0.11%) Mac OS X
16 9 (0.11%) Solaris
17 5 (0.062%) Debian
18 3 (0.037%) Data ONTAP
18 3 (0.037%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,732 (46.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1,932 (24.08%) Software Engineering
3 1,812 (22.59%) DevOps
4 1,758 (21.91%) Microservices
5 1,387 (17.29%) TDD
6 1,192 (14.86%) Test Automation
7 1,176 (14.66%) Scrum
8 828 (10.32%) Continuous Integration
9 771 (9.61%) BDD
10 761 (9.49%) OO
11 724 (9.02%) Computer Science
12 692 (8.63%) Fintech
13 591 (7.37%) Mentoring
14 590 (7.35%) Problem-Solving
15 570 (7.10%) Analytics
16 524 (6.53%) Open Source
17 513 (6.39%) SDLC
18 496 (6.18%) Asset Management
19 436 (5.43%) Machine Learning
20 366 (4.56%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2,772 (34.55%) Python
2 2,528 (31.51%) JavaScript
3 2,042 (25.45%) SQL
4 1,358 (16.93%) C#
5 884 (11.02%) C++
6 701 (8.74%) Kotlin
7 677 (8.44%) Java 8
8 586 (7.30%) Scala
9 558 (6.96%) Go
10 484 (6.03%) TypeScript
11 411 (5.12%) Ruby
12 359 (4.47%) C
13 294 (3.66%) PHP
14 256 (3.19%) Bash Shell
15 212 (2.64%) R
16 186 (2.32%) Perl
17 171 (2.13%) PowerShell
18 170 (2.12%) Shell Script
19 155 (1.93%) Apple Swift
20 127 (1.58%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 923 (11.50%) Degree
2 498 (6.21%) Security Cleared
3 355 (4.42%) SC Cleared
4 289 (3.60%) Computer Science Degree
5 150 (1.87%) DV Cleared
6 120 (1.50%) ISTQB
7 75 (0.93%) ISEB
7 75 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
8 73 (0.91%) PhD
9 64 (0.80%) Master's Degree
10 51 (0.64%) Sun Certification
11 30 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
12 23 (0.29%) AWS Certification
12 23 (0.29%) CISSP
13 21 (0.26%) CISM
14 20 (0.25%) CSSLP
14 20 (0.25%) ISEB Practitioner
14 20 (0.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 17 (0.21%) HND
16 16 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 516 (6.43%) QA
2 78 (0.97%) NIST
3 46 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 44 (0.55%) SLA
5 39 (0.49%) GDPR
6 27 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.17%) COBIT
7 14 (0.17%) MiFID
8 10 (0.12%) EMIR
9 9 (0.11%) PCI DSS
10 8 (0.100%) Dodd-Frank
10 8 (0.100%) PMO
11 6 (0.075%) ISO 13485
11 6 (0.075%) NCSC
11 6 (0.075%) WCAG
12 4 (0.050%) ISO 9001
12 4 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
12 4 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27005
12 4 (0.050%) PSD2
13 3 (0.037%) TARGET2
System Software
1 1,618 (20.17%) Docker
2 94 (1.17%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.02%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (0.79%) HDFS
5 21 (0.26%) vSphere
6 19 (0.24%) Firmware
7 18 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 16 (0.20%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
10 13 (0.16%) NFS
11 12 (0.15%) XenApp
12 11 (0.14%) BitLocker
12 11 (0.14%) Postfix
13 10 (0.12%) VirtualBox
14 9 (0.11%) NDS
14 9 (0.11%) NetIQ eDirectory
15 6 (0.075%) GlusterFS
16 5 (0.062%) Apache Flume
16 5 (0.062%) LXC
17 3 (0.037%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,350 (16.83%) Kubernetes
2 701 (8.74%) Terraform
3 560 (6.98%) Ansible
4 263 (3.28%) Puppet
5 217 (2.70%) Opscode Chef
6 134 (1.67%) Grafana
7 83 (1.03%) Prometheus
8 52 (0.65%) Istio
9 49 (0.61%) ZABBIX
10 39 (0.49%) Kibana
11 30 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
12 29 (0.36%) Nagios
13 28 (0.35%) Consul
14 25 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
14 25 (0.31%) logstash
15 24 (0.30%) Packer
16 23 (0.29%) HP Quality Center
17 20 (0.25%) Graphite
18 17 (0.21%) NetIQ Identity Manager
19 16 (0.20%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 594 (7.40%) Oracle
2 478 (5.96%) Google
3 316 (3.94%) Microsoft
4 171 (2.13%) SAP
5 160 (1.99%) IBM
6 147 (1.83%) Splunk
7 131 (1.63%) Red Hat
8 119 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
9 112 (1.40%) ServiceNow
10 94 (1.17%) MuleSoft
10 94 (1.17%) VMware
11 89 (1.11%) Atlassian
12 73 (0.91%) Talend
13 70 (0.87%) New Relic
14 61 (0.76%) Informatica
15 56 (0.70%) Cloudera
16 51 (0.64%) Adobe
17 46 (0.57%) TIBCO
18 42 (0.52%) Xamarin
19 36 (0.45%) HP