Period
to 22 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -4 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Java 7,331 19,757 26,184
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.72% 14.20% 15.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 24.99% 26.59% 28.25%
Number of salaries quoted 6,890 16,804 21,596
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +8.70% +4.55%
10th Percentile £40,000 £35,000 £32,500
90th Percentile £112,500 £97,500 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +6.38%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,337 74,301 92,679
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 58.90% 53.41% 55.66%
Number of salaries quoted 24,577 60,703 77,053
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 22 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 6,712 £66,000 +5.60% 1,367
London -2 3,919 £77,500 +3.33% 686
UK excluding London -4 3,230 £55,000 +10.00% 782
South East -1 1,041 £60,000 +9.09% 183
Work from Home -1 927 £60,000 -7.69% 245
North of England -3 799 £50,000 - 235
South West +4 482 £50,000 - 101
Yorkshire +10 403 £50,000 +5.26% 71
Scotland +3 328 £50,000 +5.26% 72
North West -11 323 £52,500 - 127
Midlands -16 231 £51,500 +8.42% 93
East of England -11 188 £55,000 - 63
West Midlands -7 142 £50,000 +5.26% 62
Wales -10 87 £45,000 +7.14% 18
East Midlands -17 84 £52,500 +7.69% 31
Northern Ireland -1 82 £45,000 +5.88% 17
North East +2 72 £47,500 - 37

For the 6 months to 22 September 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,334 (45.48%) Agile Software Development
2 2,544 (34.70%) Python
3 2,265 (30.90%) JavaScript
4 2,240 (30.56%) AWS
5 1,904 (25.97%) Software Engineering
6 1,895 (25.85%) Finance
7 1,696 (23.13%) SQL
8 1,675 (22.85%) DevOps
9 1,595 (21.76%) Microservices
10 1,513 (20.64%) Spring
11 1,440 (19.64%) Docker
12 1,244 (16.97%) Web Services
13 1,242 (16.94%) C#
13 1,242 (16.94%) Azure
14 1,228 (16.75%) Kubernetes
15 1,158 (15.80%) TDD
16 1,029 (14.04%) Test Automation
17 1,000 (13.64%) Linux
18 996 (13.59%) AngularJS
19 977 (13.33%) React
20 953 (13.00%) Jenkins
21 936 (12.77%) Scrum
22 883 (12.04%) Degree
23 873 (11.91%) Git (software)
24 828 (11.29%) C++
25 800 (10.91%) Node.js
26 798 (10.89%) Banking
27 786 (10.72%) .NET
28 785 (10.71%) Spring Boot
29 769 (10.49%) GCP

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 340 (4.64%) Apache Spark
2 328 (4.47%) Apache
3 286 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
4 235 (3.21%) Confluence
5 198 (2.70%) Tomcat
6 112 (1.53%) WebSphere
7 67 (0.91%) BizTalk Server
8 66 (0.90%) SharePoint
9 65 (0.89%) SAS
10 60 (0.82%) JBoss
11 55 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
11 55 (0.75%) WebLogic
12 44 (0.60%) CMS
13 42 (0.57%) IIS
14 37 (0.50%) nginx
15 34 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 33 (0.45%) Oracle Workflow
17 22 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
18 19 (0.26%) WordPress
19 18 (0.25%) Mule
Applications
1 16 (0.22%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (0.20%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.12%) Chatbot
3 9 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
4 7 (0.095%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 3 (0.041%) Maya
7 2 (0.027%) Blender
7 2 (0.027%) Microsoft Project
7 2 (0.027%) S-PLUS
8 1 (0.014%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.014%) Adobe Premiere
8 1 (0.014%) AutoCAD
8 1 (0.014%) Simulink
8 1 (0.014%) Sketch
8 1 (0.014%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 62 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
2 59 (0.80%) Dynamics AX
3 51 (0.70%) R3 Corda
4 50 (0.68%) Distributed Ledger
5 36 (0.49%) Remedy ITSM
6 29 (0.40%) FINCAD Analytics
7 21 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
8 16 (0.22%) Payment Gateway
8 16 (0.22%) SAP GTS
9 15 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
10 13 (0.18%) SAP S/4HANA
11 9 (0.12%) Magento
11 9 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
12 8 (0.11%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 7 (0.095%) Oracle Applications
13 7 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 7 (0.095%) Sentinel
14 5 (0.068%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
15 4 (0.055%) Front Arena
15 4 (0.055%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 2,240 (30.56%) AWS
2 1,242 (16.94%) Azure
3 769 (10.49%) GCP
4 376 (5.13%) Serverless
5 349 (4.76%) SaaS
6 272 (3.71%) AWS Lambda
7 205 (2.80%) GitHub
8 197 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
9 158 (2.16%) OpenShift
10 147 (2.01%) Amazon ECS
11 142 (1.94%) PaaS
12 121 (1.65%) AWS CloudFormation
13 118 (1.61%) Amazon S3
14 111 (1.51%) IaaS
15 93 (1.27%) Power Platform
16 86 (1.17%) Apigee
17 76 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
18 69 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 62 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
20 59 (0.80%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 127 (1.73%) HTTP
2 70 (0.95%) Firewall
2 70 (0.95%) Internet
3 63 (0.86%) TCP/IP
4 49 (0.67%) DNS
5 39 (0.53%) FTP
6 22 (0.30%) Skype
6 22 (0.30%) SSL
7 20 (0.27%) AMQP
7 20 (0.27%) SSH
7 20 (0.27%) VPN
7 20 (0.27%) Wireless
8 19 (0.26%) HTTPS
9 18 (0.25%) Broadband
10 16 (0.22%) Kerberos
11 15 (0.20%) Bluetooth
12 14 (0.19%) Network Security
13 12 (0.16%) WebEx
14 10 (0.14%) 5G
14 10 (0.14%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 716 (9.77%) NoSQL
2 584 (7.97%) Big Data
3 534 (7.28%) PostgreSQL
4 514 (7.01%) MySQL
5 506 (6.90%) SQL Server
6 377 (5.14%) Hadoop
7 374 (5.10%) MongoDB
8 304 (4.15%) Relational Database
9 218 (2.97%) Apache Cassandra
10 189 (2.58%) Data Warehouse
11 174 (2.37%) Amazon Redshift
12 171 (2.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 126 (1.72%) Blockchain
14 124 (1.69%) Redis
15 120 (1.64%) Apache Hive
16 117 (1.60%) BusinessObjects
17 110 (1.50%) Oracle Database
18 90 (1.23%) RDBMS
19 86 (1.17%) Power BI
20 73 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 953 (13.00%) Jenkins
2 873 (11.91%) Git (software)
3 544 (7.42%) JIRA
4 533 (7.27%) Selenium
5 412 (5.62%) Maven
6 361 (4.92%) Cucumber
7 360 (4.91%) JUnit
8 215 (2.93%) GitLab
9 164 (2.24%) Gradle
10 152 (2.07%) Subversion
11 146 (1.99%) Mockito
12 133 (1.81%) Artifactory
13 127 (1.73%) WebDriver
14 102 (1.39%) Bitbucket
15 96 (1.31%) TeamCity
16 90 (1.23%) Eclipse
16 90 (1.23%) JMeter
16 90 (1.23%) SoapUI
17 77 (1.05%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 75 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,895 (25.85%) Finance
2 798 (10.89%) Banking
3 520 (7.09%) Front Office
4 240 (3.27%) Investment Banking
5 217 (2.96%) Public Sector
6 193 (2.63%) Retail
7 164 (2.24%) Games
8 120 (1.64%) Marketing
9 111 (1.51%) Back Office
10 105 (1.43%) Law
11 90 (1.23%) Telecoms
12 76 (1.04%) Manufacturing
13 72 (0.98%) Advertising
14 47 (0.64%) Financial Institution
15 42 (0.57%) Electronics
16 33 (0.45%) Publishing
17 31 (0.42%) Legal
18 22 (0.30%) Retail Banking
19 20 (0.27%) Italian Language
20 19 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,630 (49.52%) Developer
2 2,068 (28.21%) Java Developer
3 1,007 (13.74%) Software Engineer
4 684 (9.33%) Senior Developer
5 622 (8.48%) Java Engineer
6 486 (6.63%) Architect
7 463 (6.32%) Senior Java Developer
8 349 (4.76%) Java Software Engineer
9 332 (4.53%) DevOps Engineer
10 296 (4.04%) Software Developer
11 294 (4.01%) Python Developer
12 287 (3.91%) AWS Engineer
12 287 (3.91%) Developer/Software Engineer
13 277 (3.78%) Full Stack Developer
14 272 (3.71%) Python Engineer
15 259 (3.53%) Lead Developer
16 221 (3.01%) AWS Developer
17 213 (2.91%) Data Engineer
18 197 (2.69%) Solutions Architect
19 183 (2.50%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,513 (20.64%) Spring
2 1,244 (16.97%) Web Services
3 996 (13.59%) AngularJS
4 977 (13.33%) React
5 800 (10.91%) Node.js
6 786 (10.72%) .NET
7 785 (10.71%) Spring Boot
8 682 (9.30%) REST
9 663 (9.04%) HTML
10 594 (8.10%) RESTful
11 568 (7.75%) CSS
12 566 (7.72%) Kafka
13 385 (5.25%) Vue.js
14 366 (4.99%) J2EE
15 332 (4.53%) Hibernate
16 323 (4.41%) XML
17 306 (4.17%) SOAP
18 275 (3.75%) JSON
19 204 (2.78%) RabbitMQ
20 199 (2.71%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 520 (7.09%) Hedge funds
2 470 (6.41%) Greenfield Project
3 462 (6.30%) Fixed Income
4 432 (5.89%) Derivative
5 374 (5.10%) Analytical Skills
6 338 (4.61%) Algorithms
7 300 (4.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 289 (3.94%) Mobile App
9 276 (3.76%) Equities
10 232 (3.16%) Data Structures
11 178 (2.43%) User Experience
12 172 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
13 148 (2.02%) Public Cloud
14 144 (1.96%) Cloud Native
15 125 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
16 93 (1.27%) Management Information System
17 71 (0.97%) Virtual Team
18 67 (0.91%) Credit Derivative
19 54 (0.74%) Data Centre
20 53 (0.72%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,000 (13.64%) Linux
2 466 (6.36%) Android
3 367 (5.01%) Unix
4 325 (4.43%) Windows
5 265 (3.61%) Apple iOS
6 63 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 57 (0.78%) CentOS
8 35 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 31 (0.42%) Windows Server
10 24 (0.33%) AIX
11 18 (0.25%) VMS
12 16 (0.22%) Mac OS
13 15 (0.20%) Mac OS X
14 14 (0.19%) Debian
15 12 (0.16%) Mesosphere
16 11 (0.15%) CoreOS
17 9 (0.12%) Solaris
18 7 (0.095%) Windows Server 2012
19 6 (0.082%) Embedded Linux
19 6 (0.082%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,334 (45.48%) Agile Software Development
2 1,904 (25.97%) Software Engineering
3 1,675 (22.85%) DevOps
4 1,595 (21.76%) Microservices
5 1,158 (15.80%) TDD
6 1,029 (14.04%) Test Automation
7 936 (12.77%) Scrum
8 738 (10.07%) Computer Science
9 736 (10.04%) Continuous Integration
10 726 (9.90%) OO
11 657 (8.96%) Fintech
12 615 (8.39%) Asset Management
13 602 (8.21%) Mentoring
14 585 (7.98%) BDD
15 573 (7.82%) Problem-Solving
16 508 (6.93%) Open Source
17 496 (6.77%) Analytics
18 453 (6.18%) SDLC
19 437 (5.96%) Investment Management
20 436 (5.95%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,544 (34.70%) Python
2 2,265 (30.90%) JavaScript
3 1,696 (23.13%) SQL
4 1,242 (16.94%) C#
5 828 (11.29%) C++
6 661 (9.02%) Java 8
7 637 (8.69%) Kotlin
8 581 (7.93%) Scala
9 475 (6.48%) Go
10 396 (5.40%) Ruby
11 347 (4.73%) C
12 327 (4.46%) PHP
13 314 (4.28%) TypeScript
14 207 (2.82%) Bash Shell
15 203 (2.77%) R
16 167 (2.28%) Shell Script
17 150 (2.05%) PowerShell
18 140 (1.91%) Apple Swift
19 132 (1.80%) Objective-C
19 132 (1.80%) Perl
Qualifications
1 883 (12.04%) Degree
2 499 (6.81%) Security Cleared
3 349 (4.76%) Computer Science Degree
4 338 (4.61%) SC Cleared
5 161 (2.20%) DV Cleared
6 93 (1.27%) ISTQB
7 91 (1.24%) Master's Degree
8 65 (0.89%) ISEB
8 65 (0.89%) PhD
9 56 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
10 55 (0.75%) Sun Certification
11 36 (0.49%) AWS Certification
12 26 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
13 24 (0.33%) CISSP
14 21 (0.29%) CISM
14 21 (0.29%) CSSLP
15 18 (0.25%) TOGAF Certification
16 17 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
17 14 (0.19%) PMP
18 12 (0.16%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 445 (6.07%) QA
2 51 (0.70%) NIST
3 47 (0.64%) Data Quality
4 43 (0.59%) SLA
5 40 (0.55%) GDPR
6 21 (0.29%) COBIT
7 17 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.095%) PCI DSS
9 5 (0.068%) MiFID
9 5 (0.068%) PSD2
10 4 (0.055%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.041%) COSO
11 3 (0.041%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.041%) TARGET2
12 2 (0.027%) EMIR
12 2 (0.027%) IEC 62304
12 2 (0.027%) ISO 13485
12 2 (0.027%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.027%) NCSC
13 1 (0.014%) PMO
System Software
1 1,440 (19.64%) Docker
2 77 (1.05%) HDFS
3 70 (0.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 56 (0.76%) Active Directory
5 36 (0.49%) vSphere
6 24 (0.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 17 (0.23%) Hyper-V
8 15 (0.20%) NFS
9 14 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
10 12 (0.16%) Postfix
10 12 (0.16%) XenApp
11 11 (0.15%) Firmware
12 9 (0.12%) VirtualBox
13 7 (0.095%) NDS
13 7 (0.095%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 6 (0.082%) GlusterFS
15 3 (0.041%) Apache Flume
15 3 (0.041%) BitLocker
15 3 (0.041%) Squid
15 3 (0.041%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,228 (16.75%) Kubernetes
2 598 (8.16%) Terraform
3 458 (6.25%) Ansible
4 224 (3.06%) Puppet
5 201 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
6 105 (1.43%) Grafana
7 60 (0.82%) Prometheus
8 50 (0.68%) Istio
9 48 (0.65%) Kibana
10 32 (0.44%) ZABBIX
11 31 (0.42%) Packer
12 23 (0.31%) Consul
12 23 (0.31%) Nagios
13 22 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
14 21 (0.29%) logstash
15 20 (0.27%) Data Guard
15 20 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
16 19 (0.26%) Opsview
17 18 (0.25%) NetIQ Identity Manager
17 18 (0.25%) Salt
Vendors
1 702 (9.58%) Oracle
2 508 (6.93%) Google
3 276 (3.76%) Microsoft
4 200 (2.73%) SAP
5 119 (1.62%) Splunk
6 115 (1.57%) ServiceNow
7 113 (1.54%) Salesforce.com
8 100 (1.36%) IBM
9 81 (1.10%) Red Hat
10 77 (1.05%) VMware
11 70 (0.95%) Talend
12 66 (0.90%) MuleSoft
13 65 (0.89%) Informatica
14 59 (0.80%) Atlassian
15 58 (0.79%) Cloudera
16 48 (0.65%) Remedy
17 41 (0.56%) Tableau
18 40 (0.55%) Adobe
19 39 (0.53%) HP
20 36 (0.49%) Bloomberg