Period
to 3 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 3 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
3 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 8 8
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +1
Permanent jobs citing Java 11,228 21,556 27,807
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 14.18% 14.71% 15.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.54% 27.28% 27.99%
Number of salaries quoted 10,016 18,340 22,986
Median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% +2.80%
10th Percentile £37,500 £33,750 £32,500
90th Percentile £105,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,960 79,025 99,349
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.52% 53.92% 56.08%
Number of salaries quoted 36,168 64,760 82,750
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 3 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 3 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 10,262 £65,000 +8.33% 1,003
London -2 5,819 £75,000 +3.45% 526
UK excluding London -2 5,117 £52,500 +5.00% 549
South East -5 1,647 £60,000 +9.09% 117
North of England -3 1,186 £50,000 - 157
Work from Home 0 914 £62,500 -3.85% 151
South West +4 746 £50,000 - 94
Yorkshire +8 583 £50,000 +11.11% 41
North West -5 534 £52,500 - 95
Midlands -2 527 £50,000 +2.04% 54
Scotland +2 483 £50,000 +5.26% 46
East of England -6 324 £52,500 -4.55% 50
West Midlands +1 299 £50,000 +5.26% 36
East Midlands -2 224 £50,000 - 18
Wales -5 166 £42,500 +6.25% 16
Northern Ireland -3 73 £45,500 +13.75% 15
North East -10 70 £45,250 +0.56% 21

For the 6 months to 3 July 2020, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 5,279 (47.02%) Agile Software Development
2 3,521 (31.36%) Python
3 3,304 (29.43%) JavaScript
4 3,023 (26.92%) AWS
5 2,950 (26.27%) Software Engineering
6 2,629 (23.41%) Finance
7 2,603 (23.18%) SQL
8 2,463 (21.94%) DevOps
9 2,410 (21.46%) Spring
10 2,311 (20.58%) Docker
11 2,266 (20.18%) Microservices
12 2,154 (19.18%) C#
13 1,922 (17.12%) TDD
14 1,723 (15.35%) Kubernetes
15 1,719 (15.31%) Test Automation
16 1,710 (15.23%) Azure
17 1,615 (14.38%) Web Services
18 1,603 (14.28%) Linux
19 1,538 (13.70%) Jenkins
20 1,488 (13.25%) AngularJS
21 1,487 (13.24%) Git (software)
22 1,484 (13.22%) Scrum
23 1,435 (12.78%) React
24 1,411 (12.57%) Degree
25 1,410 (12.56%) C++
26 1,307 (11.64%) Node.js
27 1,282 (11.42%) .NET
28 1,245 (11.09%) HTML
29 1,238 (11.03%) OO
30 1,226 (10.92%) Oracle

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 466 (4.15%) Apache Spark
2 426 (3.79%) Apache
3 391 (3.48%) Tomcat
4 354 (3.15%) Confluence
5 325 (2.89%) Elasticsearch
6 186 (1.66%) WebSphere
7 164 (1.46%) SharePoint
8 124 (1.10%) BizTalk Server
9 116 (1.03%) CMS
10 85 (0.76%) JBoss
11 77 (0.69%) SAS
12 69 (0.61%) Apache Airflow
13 67 (0.60%) Cloud Foundry
13 67 (0.60%) nginx
14 62 (0.55%) WebLogic
15 60 (0.53%) IIS
16 51 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 44 (0.39%) Luigi
17 44 (0.39%) Oracle Workflow
18 42 (0.37%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 44 (0.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
4 14 (0.12%) Chatbot
4 14 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.11%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.080%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.062%) S-PLUS
8 3 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.027%) Sketch
9 2 (0.018%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.009%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.009%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.009%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 143 (1.27%) Dynamics CRM
2 119 (1.06%) Dynamics AX
3 59 (0.53%) FINCAD Analytics
4 53 (0.47%) R3 Corda
5 46 (0.41%) Distributed Ledger
6 26 (0.23%) Remedy ITSM
7 25 (0.22%) Magento
8 20 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
9 15 (0.13%) SAP S/4HANA
10 13 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 13 (0.12%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
11 12 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
11 12 (0.11%) SAP GTS
12 10 (0.089%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 9 (0.080%) SAP CRM
14 7 (0.062%) Payment Gateway
15 6 (0.053%) Oracle Cash Management
15 6 (0.053%) Oracle EBS R12
15 6 (0.053%) Temenos T24
16 5 (0.045%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 3,023 (26.92%) AWS
2 1,710 (15.23%) Azure
3 906 (8.07%) GCP
4 461 (4.11%) SaaS
5 437 (3.89%) Serverless
6 289 (2.57%) GitHub
7 273 (2.43%) AWS Lambda
8 261 (2.32%) OpenShift
9 254 (2.26%) Amazon EC2
10 176 (1.57%) PaaS
11 172 (1.53%) Amazon S3
12 144 (1.28%) Amazon ECS
13 141 (1.26%) AWS CloudFormation
14 134 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
14 134 (1.19%) Dynamics 365
15 119 (1.06%) Power Platform
16 115 (1.02%) Amazon SQS
17 109 (0.97%) IaaS
18 66 (0.59%) Amazon EMR
18 66 (0.59%) Apigee
Communications & Networking
1 205 (1.83%) HTTP
2 151 (1.34%) Internet
3 143 (1.27%) TCP/IP
4 129 (1.15%) Firewall
5 53 (0.47%) FTP
6 49 (0.44%) DNS
7 42 (0.37%) Wireshark
8 36 (0.32%) SSL
9 30 (0.27%) VPN
10 24 (0.21%) MQTT
10 24 (0.21%) Network Security
11 23 (0.20%) Broadband
12 22 (0.20%) SSH
13 21 (0.19%) Skype
14 20 (0.18%) Bluetooth
15 14 (0.12%) Tactical Data Link
15 14 (0.12%) WebEx
16 13 (0.12%) AMQP
16 13 (0.12%) DAB
16 13 (0.12%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,049 (9.34%) NoSQL
2 801 (7.13%) SQL Server
3 760 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
4 746 (6.64%) MySQL
5 714 (6.36%) Big Data
6 620 (5.52%) Relational Database
7 561 (5.00%) Hadoop
8 560 (4.99%) MongoDB
9 304 (2.71%) Apache Cassandra
10 265 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
11 233 (2.08%) Amazon Redshift
12 230 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 208 (1.85%) Redis
14 207 (1.84%) RDBMS
15 172 (1.53%) BusinessObjects
16 168 (1.50%) Oracle Database
17 157 (1.40%) Blockchain
18 135 (1.20%) Apache Hive
19 126 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
20 120 (1.07%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,538 (13.70%) Jenkins
2 1,487 (13.24%) Git (software)
3 897 (7.99%) Selenium
4 807 (7.19%) JIRA
5 798 (7.11%) Maven
6 648 (5.77%) Cucumber
7 584 (5.20%) JUnit
8 241 (2.15%) Subversion
8 241 (2.15%) WebDriver
9 217 (1.93%) Gradle
10 209 (1.86%) GitLab
11 195 (1.74%) Eclipse
12 192 (1.71%) JMeter
13 187 (1.67%) Bitbucket
14 186 (1.66%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 165 (1.47%) TeamCity
16 158 (1.41%) SoapUI
17 155 (1.38%) Artifactory
18 144 (1.28%) Mockito
19 140 (1.25%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,629 (23.41%) Finance
2 1,194 (10.63%) Banking
3 594 (5.29%) Front Office
4 462 (4.11%) Retail
5 313 (2.79%) Investment Banking
6 302 (2.69%) Games
7 249 (2.22%) Public Sector
8 213 (1.90%) Marketing
9 153 (1.36%) Back Office
10 138 (1.23%) Law
11 124 (1.10%) Financial Institution
12 112 (1.00%) Telecoms
13 103 (0.92%) Manufacturing
14 99 (0.88%) Advertising
15 74 (0.66%) Legal
16 62 (0.55%) Electronics
17 50 (0.45%) Aerospace
18 49 (0.44%) Publishing
19 36 (0.32%) Automotive
20 33 (0.29%) Military
Job Titles
1 5,469 (48.71%) Developer
2 3,339 (29.74%) Java Developer
3 1,377 (12.26%) Software Engineer
4 1,234 (10.99%) Senior Developer
5 899 (8.01%) Java Engineer
6 886 (7.89%) Senior Java Developer
7 686 (6.11%) Architect
8 552 (4.92%) Software Developer
9 529 (4.71%) Java Software Engineer
10 431 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
11 374 (3.33%) AWS Engineer
12 370 (3.30%) Analyst
13 359 (3.20%) Junior
14 358 (3.19%) Full Stack Developer
15 340 (3.03%) Lead Developer
16 337 (3.00%) AWS Developer
17 328 (2.92%) Solutions Architect
18 325 (2.89%) Senior Software Engineer
19 316 (2.81%) Data Engineer
20 299 (2.66%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,410 (21.46%) Spring
2 1,615 (14.38%) Web Services
3 1,488 (13.25%) AngularJS
4 1,435 (12.78%) React
5 1,307 (11.64%) Node.js
6 1,282 (11.42%) .NET
7 1,245 (11.09%) HTML
8 1,210 (10.78%) Spring Boot
9 1,039 (9.25%) REST
10 1,038 (9.24%) CSS
11 1,033 (9.20%) RESTful
12 746 (6.64%) Kafka
13 659 (5.87%) Hibernate
14 601 (5.35%) J2EE
15 573 (5.10%) XML
16 487 (4.34%) SOAP
17 420 (3.74%) HTML5
18 400 (3.56%) JSON
19 378 (3.37%) Vue.js
20 282 (2.51%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 693 (6.17%) Greenfield Project
2 622 (5.54%) Analytical Skills
3 501 (4.46%) Hedge funds
4 452 (4.03%) Derivative
5 440 (3.92%) Mobile App
6 425 (3.79%) Fixed Income
7 416 (3.71%) User Experience
8 389 (3.46%) Algorithms
9 326 (2.90%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 299 (2.66%) Self-Motivation
11 291 (2.59%) Data Structures
12 282 (2.51%) Equities
13 280 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
14 225 (2.00%) Public Cloud
15 181 (1.61%) Cloud Native
16 116 (1.03%) Management Information System
17 108 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
18 98 (0.87%) Virtual Team
19 85 (0.76%) Blog
20 72 (0.64%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 1,603 (14.28%) Linux
2 667 (5.94%) Android
3 621 (5.53%) Unix
4 597 (5.32%) Windows
5 436 (3.88%) Apple iOS
6 93 (0.83%) CentOS
7 75 (0.67%) Mac OS X
7 75 (0.67%) Windows Server
8 74 (0.66%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 64 (0.57%) Ubuntu
10 37 (0.33%) Mac OS
11 33 (0.29%) Debian
12 23 (0.20%) AIX
13 22 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
14 19 (0.17%) Windows Server 2016
15 18 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
16 17 (0.15%) CoreOS
17 16 (0.14%) Solaris
18 13 (0.12%) VMS
19 7 (0.062%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,279 (47.02%) Agile Software Development
2 2,950 (26.27%) Software Engineering
3 2,463 (21.94%) DevOps
4 2,266 (20.18%) Microservices
5 1,922 (17.12%) TDD
6 1,719 (15.31%) Test Automation
7 1,484 (13.22%) Scrum
8 1,238 (11.03%) OO
9 1,180 (10.51%) Continuous Integration
10 1,143 (10.18%) Problem-Solving
11 1,114 (9.92%) BDD
12 1,104 (9.83%) Computer Science
13 1,027 (9.15%) Fintech
14 939 (8.36%) Mentoring
15 834 (7.43%) Analytics
16 727 (6.47%) SDLC
17 714 (6.36%) Open Source
18 625 (5.57%) Asset Management
19 620 (5.52%) Machine Learning
20 553 (4.93%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 3,521 (31.36%) Python
2 3,304 (29.43%) JavaScript
3 2,603 (23.18%) SQL
4 2,154 (19.18%) C#
5 1,410 (12.56%) C++
6 1,145 (10.20%) Java 8
7 910 (8.10%) Scala
8 772 (6.88%) Kotlin
9 617 (5.50%) Ruby
10 614 (5.47%) Go
11 574 (5.11%) C
12 573 (5.10%) PHP
13 450 (4.01%) TypeScript
14 337 (3.00%) Bash Shell
15 274 (2.44%) R
16 234 (2.08%) PL/SQL
17 219 (1.95%) Objective-C
18 205 (1.83%) Perl
19 202 (1.80%) Groovy
20 194 (1.73%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 1,411 (12.57%) Degree
2 603 (5.37%) Security Cleared
3 581 (5.17%) Computer Science Degree
4 337 (3.00%) SC Cleared
5 218 (1.94%) DV Cleared
6 160 (1.43%) ISTQB
7 121 (1.08%) Master's Degree
8 100 (0.89%) ISEB
9 73 (0.65%) PhD
10 67 (0.60%) AWS Certification
11 63 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
12 33 (0.29%) Sun Certification
13 24 (0.21%) HND
14 22 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
15 16 (0.14%) PMI Certification
16 15 (0.13%) SANS
17 14 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 13 (0.12%) CISSP
18 13 (0.12%) TOGAF Certification
19 11 (0.098%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 804 (7.16%) QA
2 48 (0.43%) SLA
3 42 (0.37%) Data Quality
3 42 (0.37%) GDPR
4 27 (0.24%) NIST
5 23 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 21 (0.19%) COBIT
7 15 (0.13%) PCI DSS
8 7 (0.062%) Government Security Classifications
8 7 (0.062%) ISO 15022
8 7 (0.062%) ISO 20022
8 7 (0.062%) NCSC
9 6 (0.053%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 6 (0.053%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 4 (0.036%) COSO
10 4 (0.036%) PMO
11 3 (0.027%) GxP
11 3 (0.027%) MiFID
12 2 (0.018%) Basel II
12 2 (0.018%) Basel III
System Software
1 2,311 (20.58%) Docker
2 81 (0.72%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 66 (0.59%) Active Directory
5 63 (0.56%) HDFS
6 49 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
6 49 (0.44%) vSphere
7 23 (0.20%) Firmware
8 16 (0.14%) Hyper-V
9 14 (0.12%) Apache Flume
9 14 (0.12%) NFS
10 13 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 11 (0.098%) GlusterFS
11 11 (0.098%) Postfix
12 6 (0.053%) ACF2
12 6 (0.053%) RACF
13 5 (0.045%) NDS
13 5 (0.045%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 4 (0.036%) GPFS
14 4 (0.036%) Lustre
Systems Management
1 1,723 (15.35%) Kubernetes
2 673 (5.99%) Terraform
3 641 (5.71%) Ansible
4 322 (2.87%) Puppet
5 254 (2.26%) Opscode Chef
6 88 (0.78%) Prometheus
7 79 (0.70%) Grafana
8 69 (0.61%) Kibana
9 68 (0.61%) Salt
10 49 (0.44%) Packer
11 41 (0.37%) Nagios
12 40 (0.36%) Docker Swarm
12 40 (0.36%) HP Quality Center
13 39 (0.35%) Consul
14 38 (0.34%) Istio
15 28 (0.25%) ZABBIX
16 26 (0.23%) logstash
17 25 (0.22%) Mesos
18 23 (0.20%) Opsview
19 22 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1,226 (10.92%) Oracle
2 597 (5.32%) Google
3 396 (3.53%) Microsoft
4 335 (2.98%) SAP
5 150 (1.34%) IBM
6 131 (1.17%) Atlassian
7 127 (1.13%) Red Hat
8 120 (1.07%) Salesforce.com
9 99 (0.88%) VMware
10 96 (0.86%) MuleSoft
11 90 (0.80%) Tableau
12 88 (0.78%) Informatica
13 86 (0.77%) Talend
14 84 (0.75%) Splunk
15 77 (0.69%) HP
16 68 (0.61%) Bloomberg
17 66 (0.59%) ServiceNow
18 56 (0.50%) Adobe
19 51 (0.45%) hybris
20 49 (0.44%) TIBCO