Period
to 25 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 25 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java
UK
6 months to
25 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 8 9 9
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +4
Permanent jobs citing Java 22,087 26,842 25,939
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 15.22% 15.44% 15.34%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.06% 27.56% 27.82%
Number of salaries quoted 17,536 21,523 21,526
UK median annual salary £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
10th Percentile £32,500 £32,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 78,701 97,382 93,238
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.24% 56.00% 55.15%
Number of salaries quoted 64,406 81,163 79,210
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +2.15%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java.

Salary trend for Java in the UK

Java
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 25 May 2019.

Salary histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 20,251 £60,000 +9.09% 2,313
UK excluding London +2 11,213 £50,000 - 1,244
London 0 10,451 £70,000 +7.69% 1,238
South East +4 3,830 £55,000 +10.00% 326
North of England -1 2,393 £50,000 +5.26% 332
North West -3 1,316 £52,500 +8.25% 161
South West -2 1,307 £50,000 +3.09% 137
Midlands -3 1,259 £47,750 +0.53% 148
Scotland -1 1,074 £47,500 -5.00% 95
East of England -1 970 £55,000 +7.84% 133
Yorkshire -1 866 £45,000 -5.26% 141
East Midlands +4 671 £50,000 +5.26% 64
West Midlands -9 590 £46,746 -1.59% 84
Wales +6 248 £40,000 - 35
North East +1 207 £45,000 - 30
Northern Ireland -3 177 £42,500 +6.25% 39
Isle of Man - 3 - -
Channel Islands +2 1 £75,000 +7.14%

For the 6 months to 25 May 2019, IT jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 10,952 (49.59%) Agile Software Development
2 6,093 (27.59%) Python
3 6,055 (27.41%) JavaScript
4 6,009 (27.21%) Software Engineering
5 5,871 (26.58%) SQL
6 4,903 (22.20%) Spring
7 4,670 (21.14%) C#
8 4,668 (21.13%) Finance
9 4,642 (21.02%) Amazon AWS
10 3,983 (18.03%) DevOps
11 3,906 (17.68%) TDD
12 3,897 (17.64%) Linux
13 3,714 (16.82%) Test Automation
14 3,573 (16.18%) Microservices
15 3,444 (15.59%) C++
16 3,394 (15.37%) Docker
17 3,364 (15.23%) Degree
18 3,184 (14.42%) Scrum
19 3,086 (13.97%) HTML
20 3,012 (13.64%) Git (software)
21 2,899 (13.13%) Continuous Integration
22 2,831 (12.82%) Jenkins
23 2,683 (12.15%) AngularJS
24 2,673 (12.10%) Web Services
25 2,637 (11.94%) Oracle
26 2,635 (11.93%) .NET
27 2,502 (11.33%) OO
28 2,473 (11.20%) Computer Science
29 2,373 (10.74%) CSS
30 2,324 (10.52%) Microsoft Azure

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,206 (5.46%) Apache Spark
2 962 (4.36%) Apache
3 936 (4.24%) Tomcat
4 818 (3.70%) Elasticsearch
5 715 (3.24%) Confluence
6 533 (2.41%) JBoss
7 365 (1.65%) WebSphere
8 292 (1.32%) WebLogic
9 201 (0.91%) Apache Pig
10 187 (0.85%) IIS
11 184 (0.83%) Apache Solr
12 178 (0.81%) CMS
13 177 (0.80%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 170 (0.77%) SharePoint
15 162 (0.73%) Oracle Workflow
16 139 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 132 (0.60%) SAS
18 122 (0.55%) BizTalk Server
19 119 (0.54%) nginx
20 84 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 143 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
2 131 (0.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 49 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 41 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 20 (0.091%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.091%) Photoshop
6 17 (0.077%) Fireworks
7 16 (0.072%) Adobe Illustrator
8 15 (0.068%) MS Visio
9 14 (0.063%) Sketch
10 11 (0.050%) Maple
10 11 (0.050%) SPSS
11 10 (0.045%) Spreadsheet
11 10 (0.045%) Weka
12 8 (0.036%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 7 (0.032%) Adobe XD
14 6 (0.027%) Acrobat
14 6 (0.027%) InDesign
14 6 (0.027%) InVision
14 6 (0.027%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 137 (0.62%) thinkFolio
2 130 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
3 91 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
4 73 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
5 54 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
6 53 (0.24%) Magento
7 50 (0.23%) Front Arena
7 50 (0.23%) Markit EDM
8 49 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
9 46 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
10 40 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 34 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
12 30 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
12 30 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
12 30 (0.14%) Summit
13 28 (0.13%) SDL Web 8
13 28 (0.13%) Temenos T24
14 26 (0.12%) R3 Corda
15 21 (0.095%) SAP ERP
16 17 (0.077%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 4,642 (21.02%) Amazon AWS
2 2,324 (10.52%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,230 (5.57%) Google Cloud Platform
4 925 (4.19%) SaaS
5 598 (2.71%) GitHub
6 530 (2.40%) Serverless
7 448 (2.03%) Cloud Computing
8 345 (1.56%) OpenShift
9 343 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
10 320 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
10 320 (1.45%) PaaS
11 312 (1.41%) Amazon S3
12 269 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
13 180 (0.81%) IaaS
14 179 (0.81%) Power Platform
15 148 (0.67%) npm
16 140 (0.63%) Amazon SQS
17 124 (0.56%) IBM Cloud
18 116 (0.53%) Amazon EMR
19 106 (0.48%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 447 (2.02%) HTTP
2 380 (1.72%) Internet
3 272 (1.23%) TCP/IP
4 211 (0.96%) Firewall
5 181 (0.82%) DNS
6 107 (0.48%) SSL
7 85 (0.38%) Network Security
8 84 (0.38%) Wireless
9 76 (0.34%) Bluetooth
10 75 (0.34%) Broadband
11 55 (0.25%) VPN
12 51 (0.23%) AMQP
13 47 (0.21%) SSH
14 46 (0.21%) HTTPS
15 44 (0.20%) VoIP
16 42 (0.19%) DHCP
17 38 (0.17%) WAN
18 37 (0.17%) FTP
19 35 (0.16%) Ethernet
20 31 (0.14%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,014 (9.12%) Big Data
2 1,954 (8.85%) NoSQL
3 1,659 (7.51%) SQL Server
4 1,477 (6.69%) MySQL
5 1,368 (6.19%) Hadoop
6 1,281 (5.80%) Relational Database
7 1,266 (5.73%) MongoDB
8 1,178 (5.33%) PostgreSQL
9 743 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
10 515 (2.33%) RDBMS
11 503 (2.28%) Apache Hive
12 446 (2.02%) HBase
13 425 (1.92%) Redis
14 404 (1.83%) Amazon Redshift
15 390 (1.77%) Oracle Database
16 370 (1.68%) Data Warehouse
17 304 (1.38%) Blockchain
18 235 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
19 233 (1.05%) Impala
20 216 (0.98%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 3,012 (13.64%) Git (software)
2 2,831 (12.82%) Jenkins
3 1,991 (9.01%) Selenium
4 1,876 (8.49%) JIRA
5 1,763 (7.98%) Maven
6 1,409 (6.38%) Cucumber
7 1,191 (5.39%) JUnit
8 685 (3.10%) Gradle
9 644 (2.92%) Subversion
10 624 (2.83%) WebDriver
11 487 (2.20%) TeamCity
12 451 (2.04%) Eclipse
13 425 (1.92%) SoapUI
14 401 (1.82%) JMeter
15 395 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 384 (1.74%) Bitbucket
17 354 (1.60%) Mockito
18 304 (1.38%) Team Foundation Server
19 277 (1.25%) Visual Studio
20 270 (1.22%) Appium
General
1 4,668 (21.13%) Finance
2 1,926 (8.72%) Banking
3 930 (4.21%) Retail
4 705 (3.19%) Front Office
5 667 (3.02%) Games
6 561 (2.54%) Telecoms
7 560 (2.54%) Marketing
8 378 (1.71%) Law
9 316 (1.43%) Manufacturing
10 315 (1.43%) Investment Banking
11 226 (1.02%) Financial Institution
12 218 (0.99%) Electronics
13 184 (0.83%) Advertising
14 183 (0.83%) Legal
15 174 (0.79%) Back Office
16 166 (0.75%) Publishing
17 143 (0.65%) Military
18 121 (0.55%) Automotive
19 112 (0.51%) Pharmaceutical
20 105 (0.48%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 10,721 (48.54%) Developer
2 6,717 (30.41%) Java Developer
3 2,722 (12.32%) Software Engineer
4 2,095 (9.49%) Senior Developer
5 1,679 (7.60%) Java Engineer
6 1,496 (6.77%) Senior Java Developer
7 1,442 (6.53%) Architect
8 1,324 (5.99%) Software Developer
9 1,021 (4.62%) Java Software Engineer
10 936 (4.24%) Analyst
11 820 (3.71%) Junior
12 767 (3.47%) DevOps Engineer
13 715 (3.24%) Senior Software Engineer
14 671 (3.04%) Test Engineer
15 670 (3.03%) Graduate
16 650 (2.94%) Lead Developer
17 642 (2.91%) Data Engineer
18 579 (2.62%) Tester
19 568 (2.57%) Consultant
20 562 (2.54%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,903 (22.20%) Spring
2 3,086 (13.97%) HTML
3 2,683 (12.15%) AngularJS
4 2,673 (12.10%) Web Services
5 2,635 (11.93%) .NET
6 2,373 (10.74%) CSS
7 2,110 (9.55%) RESTful
8 2,072 (9.38%) REST
9 1,983 (8.98%) Node.js
10 1,842 (8.34%) React
11 1,835 (8.31%) Spring Boot
12 1,606 (7.27%) Hibernate
13 1,469 (6.65%) XML
14 1,398 (6.33%) Kafka
15 1,309 (5.93%) J2EE
16 1,110 (5.03%) JSON
17 1,008 (4.56%) SOAP
18 998 (4.52%) HTML5
19 723 (3.27%) jQuery
20 713 (3.23%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 1,608 (7.28%) Fintech
2 1,403 (6.35%) Analytical Skills
3 1,354 (6.13%) Greenfield Project
4 955 (4.32%) Algorithms
5 880 (3.98%) User Experience
6 747 (3.38%) Mobile App
7 657 (2.97%) Enterprise Software
8 561 (2.54%) Derivative
9 541 (2.45%) Fixed Income
10 524 (2.37%) Self-Motivation
11 485 (2.20%) Data Structures
12 476 (2.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 412 (1.87%) Hedge funds
14 378 (1.71%) Equities
15 330 (1.49%) Public Cloud
16 273 (1.24%) Cloud Native
17 264 (1.20%) Management Information System
18 227 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
19 223 (1.01%) Robotics
20 221 (1.00%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 3,897 (17.64%) Linux
2 1,514 (6.85%) Windows
3 1,378 (6.24%) Unix
4 1,132 (5.13%) Android
5 735 (3.33%) Apple iOS
6 258 (1.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 207 (0.94%) Windows Server
8 165 (0.75%) CentOS
9 159 (0.72%) Ubuntu
10 71 (0.32%) Mac OS
11 64 (0.29%) Solaris
12 58 (0.26%) Windows 10
13 53 (0.24%) AIX
14 45 (0.20%) Fedora
15 43 (0.19%) Mac OS X
15 43 (0.19%) Mesosphere
16 42 (0.19%) Debian
17 36 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
18 35 (0.16%) SUSE
18 35 (0.16%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,952 (49.59%) Agile Software Development
2 6,009 (27.21%) Software Engineering
3 3,983 (18.03%) DevOps
4 3,906 (17.68%) TDD
5 3,714 (16.82%) Test Automation
6 3,573 (16.18%) Microservices
7 3,184 (14.42%) Scrum
8 2,899 (13.13%) Continuous Integration
9 2,502 (11.33%) OO
10 2,473 (11.20%) Computer Science
11 2,197 (9.95%) BDD
12 2,008 (9.09%) Problem-Solving
13 1,929 (8.73%) Mentoring
14 1,850 (8.38%) SDLC
15 1,726 (7.81%) Open Source
16 1,702 (7.71%) Analytics
17 1,537 (6.96%) Machine Learning
18 1,179 (5.34%) Continuous Delivery
19 1,165 (5.27%) Mathematics
20 1,099 (4.98%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 6,093 (27.59%) Python
2 6,055 (27.41%) JavaScript
3 5,871 (26.58%) SQL
4 4,670 (21.14%) C#
5 3,444 (15.59%) C++
6 2,234 (10.11%) Java 8
7 1,852 (8.39%) Scala
8 1,392 (6.30%) C
9 1,299 (5.88%) Ruby
10 1,155 (5.23%) PHP
11 864 (3.91%) Go
12 735 (3.33%) Bash Shell
13 659 (2.98%) Kotlin
14 634 (2.87%) Perl
15 587 (2.66%) PL/SQL
16 583 (2.64%) TypeScript
17 446 (2.02%) PowerShell
18 433 (1.96%) R
19 408 (1.85%) Objective-C
20 389 (1.76%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 3,364 (15.23%) Degree
2 1,141 (5.17%) Security Cleared
3 1,038 (4.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 622 (2.82%) SC Cleared
5 418 (1.89%) DV Cleared
6 380 (1.72%) PhD
7 301 (1.36%) ISTQB
8 238 (1.08%) Numerate Degree
9 192 (0.87%) ISEB
10 112 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 96 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 85 (0.38%) AWS Certification
13 76 (0.34%) CISSP
14 63 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
15 56 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
16 54 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
17 47 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
18 45 (0.20%) OCP
19 43 (0.19%) CEH
20 39 (0.18%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,037 (9.22%) QA
2 172 (0.78%) GDPR
3 147 (0.67%) SLA
4 99 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 99 (0.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 44 (0.20%) MiFID
6 42 (0.19%) PSD2
7 38 (0.17%) HIPAA
7 38 (0.17%) PCI DSS
8 30 (0.14%) WAI
9 26 (0.12%) COBIT
9 26 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
10 18 (0.081%) HL7
10 18 (0.081%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 17 (0.077%) PMO
12 15 (0.068%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 15 (0.068%) IFRS
12 15 (0.068%) ISO 9001
13 14 (0.063%) HMG Infosec
13 14 (0.063%) JSP 440
System Software
1 3,394 (15.37%) Docker
2 278 (1.26%) Active Directory
3 176 (0.80%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 155 (0.70%) Apache Flume
5 142 (0.64%) HDFS
6 140 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
7 93 (0.42%) Firmware
8 88 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
9 64 (0.29%) vSphere
10 59 (0.27%) Hyper-V
11 55 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
12 39 (0.18%) VirtualBox
13 21 (0.095%) XenApp
14 18 (0.081%) Varnish
15 16 (0.072%) etcd
16 12 (0.054%) Squid
17 11 (0.050%) GridGain
18 10 (0.045%) Virtual Servers
19 8 (0.036%) KVM
19 8 (0.036%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,986 (8.99%) Kubernetes
2 1,389 (6.29%) Ansible
3 951 (4.31%) Puppet
4 914 (4.14%) Terraform
5 821 (3.72%) Opscode Chef
6 221 (1.00%) Oozie
7 197 (0.89%) Prometheus
8 153 (0.69%) Hadoop YARN
9 142 (0.64%) Salt
10 125 (0.57%) Consul
11 120 (0.54%) Kibana
12 112 (0.51%) HP Quality Center
13 111 (0.50%) Mesos
14 109 (0.49%) Packer
15 105 (0.48%) Grafana
16 77 (0.35%) Marathon
17 71 (0.32%) Ambari
18 69 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
19 61 (0.28%) HP ALM
20 58 (0.26%) logstash
Vendors
1 2,637 (11.94%) Oracle
2 1,257 (5.69%) Microsoft
3 971 (4.40%) Google
4 495 (2.24%) SAP
5 477 (2.16%) IBM
6 330 (1.49%) Red Hat
7 323 (1.46%) Salesforce.com
8 309 (1.40%) Cloudera
9 287 (1.30%) Tableau
10 259 (1.17%) Splunk
11 236 (1.07%) Atlassian
12 230 (1.04%) WorldPay
13 206 (0.93%) Adobe
14 184 (0.83%) VMware
15 172 (0.78%) Bloomberg
16 168 (0.76%) Hortonworks
17 163 (0.74%) Reuters
18 147 (0.67%) Talend
19 143 (0.65%) HP
20 140 (0.63%) MuleSoft