Period
to 14 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
14 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 25 48 102
Rank change year-on-year +23 +54 +127
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 6,969 5,732 4,813
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 8.37% 5.07% 3.23%
As % of the Systems Management category 51.34% 38.49% 27.15%
Number of salaries quoted 5,552 4,693 3,936
10th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £52,500 £52,500 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year - +7.69% -
75th Percentile £87,500 £87,500 £82,500
90th Percentile £100,000 £102,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +4.55%

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 13,574 14,892 17,730
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.30% 13.16% 11.90%
Number of salaries quoted 10,859 11,765 13,957
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,764 £32,500
25th Percentile £46,250 £43,750 £42,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +4.55%
75th Percentile £80,250 £80,000 £76,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 14 April 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 14 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +22 6,375 £70,000 - 1,321
London +18 3,622 £80,000 +3.23% 730
UK excluding London +58 2,895 £57,500 +4.55% 651
Work from Home +17 1,590 £65,000 - 339
North of England +44 873 £57,500 +4.55% 213
South East +63 871 £60,000 +4.35% 152
South West +42 445 £52,500 +1.76% 74
Yorkshire +34 436 £57,500 +4.55% 76
North West +30 390 £60,000 +6.96% 114
Midlands +46 272 £62,500 +13.64% 94
Scotland +15 216 £55,000 +10.00% 40
West Midlands +53 195 £63,750 +15.91% 72
East of England +42 134 £65,000 +18.18% 49
East Midlands +29 76 £57,500 +9.52% 22
Wales +20 62 £47,500 +5.56% 18
North East +56 49 £47,500 -5.00% 23
Northern Ireland +22 24 £51,250 +13.89% 12
Isle of Man - 2 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 14 April 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 5,285 (75.84%) Docker
2 3,914 (56.16%) DevOps
3 3,684 (52.86%) AWS
4 3,172 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
5 2,761 (39.62%) Terraform
6 2,718 (39.00%) Azure
7 2,600 (37.31%) Python
8 2,160 (30.99%) Java
9 2,123 (30.46%) Microservices
10 1,816 (26.06%) Software Engineering
11 1,720 (24.68%) Linux
12 1,663 (23.86%) JavaScript
13 1,547 (22.20%) Jenkins
14 1,545 (22.17%) GCP
15 1,466 (21.04%) Ansible
16 1,450 (20.81%) Finance
17 1,399 (20.07%) SQL
18 1,278 (18.34%) Git (software)
19 1,234 (17.71%) C#
20 1,186 (17.02%) Infrastructure as Code
21 1,094 (15.70%) TDD
22 1,039 (14.91%) React
23 985 (14.13%) Go
24 978 (14.03%) Node.js
25 941 (13.50%) Scrum
26 939 (13.47%) .NET
27 925 (13.27%) Puppet
28 863 (12.38%) Kafka
29 836 (12.00%) Continuous Integration
30 798 (11.45%) PostgreSQL

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 355 (5.09%) Apache Spark
2 343 (4.92%) Elasticsearch
3 166 (2.38%) Apache
4 152 (2.18%) Confluence
5 115 (1.65%) Apache Airflow
6 76 (1.09%) OpenStack
7 67 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
8 60 (0.86%) nginx
9 59 (0.85%) Tomcat
10 39 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 37 (0.53%) ColdFusion
12 31 (0.44%) IIS
13 28 (0.40%) JBoss
14 27 (0.39%) WebSphere
15 26 (0.37%) CMS
16 21 (0.30%) Apache Solr
17 17 (0.24%) WebLogic
18 16 (0.23%) WordPress
19 15 (0.22%) Drupal
19 15 (0.22%) SharePoint
Applications
1 30 (0.43%) InVision
2 27 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (0.34%) Sketch
4 7 (0.10%) Spreadsheet
5 5 (0.072%) Microsoft Excel
5 5 (0.072%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.057%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.043%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 2 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.029%) Figma
8 2 (0.029%) GIMP
8 2 (0.029%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
9 1 (0.014%) Revit
Business Applications
1 24 (0.34%) R3 Corda
2 16 (0.23%) Magento
3 14 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
4 11 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
5 9 (0.13%) Sentinel
6 6 (0.086%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.086%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 4 (0.057%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 4 (0.057%) Infor M3
7 4 (0.057%) Oracle EBS
7 4 (0.057%) SAP Hybris
8 3 (0.043%) Shopify
9 2 (0.029%) NetSuite
10 1 (0.014%) MetaTrader
Cloud Services
1 3,684 (52.86%) AWS
2 2,718 (39.00%) Azure
3 1,545 (22.17%) GCP
4 615 (8.82%) Serverless
5 600 (8.61%) SaaS
6 590 (8.47%) AWS CloudFormation
7 537 (7.71%) PaaS
8 426 (6.11%) Amazon EKS
9 376 (5.40%) IaaS
10 319 (4.58%) GitHub
11 296 (4.25%) OpenShift
12 280 (4.02%) Amazon ECS
13 278 (3.99%) AWS Lambda
14 224 (3.21%) Amazon S3
15 177 (2.54%) Datadog
16 172 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
17 147 (2.11%) Cloud Computing
18 141 (2.02%) Pulumi
19 137 (1.97%) Azure Active Directory
20 113 (1.62%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 176 (2.53%) Firewall
2 115 (1.65%) HTTP
3 114 (1.64%) Internet
4 111 (1.59%) DNS
5 108 (1.55%) TCP/IP
6 56 (0.80%) VPN
7 54 (0.77%) Network Security
8 35 (0.50%) WAN
9 34 (0.49%) DHCP
10 27 (0.39%) SAN
11 21 (0.30%) DMZ
11 21 (0.30%) SSL
12 20 (0.29%) LAN
13 17 (0.24%) HTTPS
13 17 (0.24%) NAS
14 15 (0.22%) FTP
15 14 (0.20%) 5G
16 13 (0.19%) BGP
16 13 (0.19%) SSH
16 13 (0.19%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 798 (11.45%) PostgreSQL
2 596 (8.55%) NoSQL
3 587 (8.42%) MongoDB
4 494 (7.09%) MySQL
5 440 (6.31%) SQL Server
6 433 (6.21%) Big Data
7 296 (4.25%) Relational Database
8 265 (3.80%) Hadoop
9 244 (3.50%) Redis
10 211 (3.03%) Azure SQL Database
11 193 (2.77%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 148 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
13 130 (1.87%) Apache Cassandra
14 118 (1.69%) Amazon Redshift
15 110 (1.58%) Cosmos DB
16 104 (1.49%) BigQuery
17 98 (1.41%) Blockchain
18 89 (1.28%) MariaDB
19 84 (1.21%) Apache Hive
19 84 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,547 (22.20%) Jenkins
2 1,278 (18.34%) Git (software)
3 586 (8.41%) GitLab
4 335 (4.81%) JIRA
5 227 (3.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 220 (3.16%) Maven
7 205 (2.94%) Selenium
8 195 (2.80%) TeamCity
9 178 (2.55%) Gradle
10 148 (2.12%) Bitbucket
11 137 (1.97%) CircleCI
12 129 (1.85%) Artifactory
13 114 (1.64%) Cucumber
14 107 (1.54%) Vagrant
15 97 (1.39%) JUnit
16 89 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
17 84 (1.21%) Cypress.io
17 84 (1.21%) Octopus Deploy
18 77 (1.10%) SonarQube
18 77 (1.10%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,450 (20.81%) Finance
2 478 (6.86%) Banking
3 306 (4.39%) Public Sector
4 241 (3.46%) Games
5 192 (2.76%) Marketing
5 192 (2.76%) Retail
6 120 (1.72%) Telecoms
7 107 (1.54%) Law
8 84 (1.21%) Front Office
9 82 (1.18%) Manufacturing
10 76 (1.09%) Electronics
11 74 (1.06%) Legal
12 51 (0.73%) Advertising
13 42 (0.60%) Billing
14 35 (0.50%) Financial Institution
15 34 (0.49%) Investment Banking
16 27 (0.39%) Back Office
17 26 (0.37%) Online Betting
18 22 (0.32%) Automotive
19 16 (0.23%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 2,099 (30.12%) Developer
2 1,842 (26.43%) DevOps Engineer
3 766 (10.99%) AWS Engineer
4 679 (9.74%) Software Engineer
5 597 (8.57%) Java Developer
6 584 (8.38%) Senior Developer
7 562 (8.06%) AWS DevOps
8 517 (7.42%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 493 (7.07%) Senior DevOps
10 462 (6.63%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 443 (6.36%) Cloud Engineer
12 441 (6.33%) Architect
13 363 (5.21%) Azure Engineer
14 323 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
15 308 (4.42%) Platform Engineer
16 281 (4.03%) Java Engineer
17 261 (3.75%) Azure DevOps Engineer
18 251 (3.60%) Kubernetes Engineer
19 250 (3.59%) Software Developer
20 227 (3.26%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,039 (14.91%) React
2 978 (14.03%) Node.js
3 939 (13.47%) .NET
4 863 (12.38%) Kafka
5 776 (11.14%) AngularJS
6 673 (9.66%) Spring
7 559 (8.02%) .NET Core
8 551 (7.91%) Spring Boot
9 519 (7.45%) REST
10 470 (6.74%) Web Services
11 417 (5.98%) CSS
12 413 (5.93%) Vue.js
13 382 (5.48%) HTML
14 358 (5.14%) RESTful
15 325 (4.66%) RabbitMQ
16 293 (4.20%) GraphQL
17 248 (3.56%) .NET Framework
18 193 (2.77%) Elastic Stack
19 180 (2.58%) HTML5
20 163 (2.34%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 396 (5.68%) Greenfield Project
2 393 (5.64%) Cloud Native
3 311 (4.46%) Public Cloud
4 208 (2.98%) Analytical Skills
5 199 (2.86%) Data Centre
6 197 (2.83%) Algorithms
7 170 (2.44%) Hybrid Cloud
8 165 (2.37%) Linux Command Line
9 152 (2.18%) Mobile App
10 147 (2.11%) Hedge funds
11 141 (2.02%) User Experience
12 135 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
13 124 (1.78%) Data Structures
14 114 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
15 83 (1.19%) Blog
16 71 (1.02%) Enterprise Cloud
17 65 (0.93%) Equities
18 56 (0.80%) Private Cloud
19 54 (0.77%) Virtual Team
20 52 (0.75%) EPoS
Operating Systems
1 1,720 (24.68%) Linux
2 436 (6.26%) Windows
3 243 (3.49%) Unix
4 178 (2.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 127 (1.82%) CentOS
6 118 (1.69%) Ubuntu
7 96 (1.38%) Windows Server
8 73 (1.05%) Android
9 57 (0.82%) Apple iOS
10 32 (0.46%) Alpine Linux
11 30 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
12 20 (0.29%) Debian
12 20 (0.29%) Windows Server 2019
13 17 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
14 15 (0.22%) VMS
15 11 (0.16%) CoreOS
16 9 (0.13%) zOS
17 5 (0.072%) Fedora
18 4 (0.057%) Windows Server 2008
19 3 (0.043%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,914 (56.16%) DevOps
2 3,172 (45.52%) Agile Software Development
3 2,123 (30.46%) Microservices
4 1,816 (26.06%) Software Engineering
5 1,186 (17.02%) Infrastructure as Code
6 1,094 (15.70%) TDD
7 941 (13.50%) Scrum
8 836 (12.00%) Continuous Integration
9 786 (11.28%) Fintech
10 764 (10.96%) Mentoring
11 667 (9.57%) Configuration Management
12 610 (8.75%) Test Automation
13 608 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
14 540 (7.75%) Analytics
15 519 (7.45%) Machine Learning
16 481 (6.90%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 428 (6.14%) Deployment Automation
18 425 (6.10%) Open Source
19 420 (6.03%) Computer Science
20 413 (5.93%) Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 2,600 (37.31%) Python
2 2,160 (30.99%) Java
3 1,663 (23.86%) JavaScript
4 1,399 (20.07%) SQL
5 1,234 (17.71%) C#
6 985 (14.13%) Go
7 736 (10.56%) TypeScript
8 671 (9.63%) Bash Shell
9 595 (8.54%) Ruby
10 524 (7.52%) PowerShell
11 356 (5.11%) PHP
12 348 (4.99%) Scala
13 246 (3.53%) C++
14 242 (3.47%) Kotlin
15 224 (3.21%) Java 8
16 160 (2.30%) Groovy
17 131 (1.88%) ES6
18 115 (1.65%) Shell Script
19 91 (1.31%) Perl
20 75 (1.08%) C
Qualifications
1 491 (7.05%) Degree
2 468 (6.72%) Security Cleared
3 390 (5.60%) SC Cleared
4 220 (3.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 152 (2.18%) AWS Certification
6 61 (0.88%) Master's Degree
7 49 (0.70%) Cisco Certification
8 41 (0.59%) DV Cleared
9 37 (0.53%) Microsoft Certification
10 31 (0.44%) PhD
11 29 (0.42%) RHCE
12 26 (0.37%) CCNP
13 25 (0.36%) OCP
13 25 (0.36%) Oracle Certification
14 22 (0.32%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
14 22 (0.32%) RHCSA
14 22 (0.32%) SANS
15 21 (0.30%) ISTQB
16 17 (0.24%) OSCP
16 17 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 219 (3.14%) QA
2 50 (0.72%) GDPR
3 37 (0.53%) SLA
4 35 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 32 (0.46%) NIST
6 28 (0.40%) Data Quality
7 24 (0.34%) WCAG
8 22 (0.32%) PCI DSS
9 18 (0.26%) GRC
10 12 (0.17%) HIPAA
10 12 (0.17%) SOC 2
11 10 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 9 (0.13%) ISO 9001
12 9 (0.13%) SOC 1
13 8 (0.11%) PSD2
14 5 (0.072%) Dodd-Frank
14 5 (0.072%) EMIR
14 5 (0.072%) MiFID
15 2 (0.029%) ISO 22301
15 2 (0.029%) PMBOK
System Software
1 5,285 (75.84%) Docker
2 202 (2.90%) Active Directory
3 149 (2.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 107 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
5 59 (0.85%) VirtualBox
6 38 (0.55%) KVM
7 30 (0.43%) Hyper-V
8 28 (0.40%) vSphere
9 26 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
10 22 (0.32%) XenApp
11 17 (0.24%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 17 (0.24%) Xen
11 17 (0.24%) XenDesktop
12 14 (0.20%) HDFS
13 12 (0.17%) LXC
13 12 (0.17%) VMware ESXi
14 10 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 8 (0.11%) Postfix
16 7 (0.10%) Firmware
16 7 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 2,761 (39.62%) Terraform
2 1,466 (21.04%) Ansible
3 925 (13.27%) Puppet
4 681 (9.77%) Opscode Chef
5 403 (5.78%) Prometheus
6 329 (4.72%) Grafana
7 165 (2.37%) Istio
8 145 (2.08%) Docker Swarm
9 129 (1.85%) Packer
10 93 (1.33%) Nagios
11 84 (1.21%) Consul
12 56 (0.80%) Graphite
13 55 (0.79%) ZABBIX
14 44 (0.63%) Kibana
15 43 (0.62%) CFEngine
16 39 (0.56%) Salt
17 32 (0.46%) HAProxy
17 32 (0.46%) Rancher
18 31 (0.44%) Opsview
18 31 (0.44%) SCCM
Vendors
1 724 (10.39%) Google
2 506 (7.26%) Microsoft
3 378 (5.42%) Oracle
4 250 (3.59%) VMware
5 239 (3.43%) Red Hat
6 192 (2.76%) IBM
7 145 (2.08%) Splunk
8 134 (1.92%) SaltStack
9 110 (1.58%) SAP
10 94 (1.35%) New Relic
11 93 (1.33%) Atlassian
12 60 (0.86%) Cisco
13 59 (0.85%) Hortonworks
14 58 (0.83%) Cloudera
15 50 (0.72%) Talend
16 49 (0.70%) PagerDuty
17 48 (0.69%) Informatica
18 42 (0.60%) Databricks
19 36 (0.52%) Citrix
19 36 (0.52%) Dynatrace