Period
to 21 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 27 60 120
Rank change year-on-year +33 +60 +156
Permanent jobs citing Kubernetes 4,989 5,722 4,241
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 7.83% 4.53% 2.81%
As % of the Systems Management category 47.74% 35.49% 24.73%
Number of salaries quoted 5,048 5,025 3,735
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +7.69% -
10th Percentile £41,250 £42,500 £42,500
90th Percentile £98,750 £100,000 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £55,000

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 10,451 16,123 17,150
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 16.39% 12.77% 11.37%
Number of salaries quoted 8,592 12,445 13,575
Median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £57,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% +4.35% +9.52%
10th Percentile £37,500 £32,075 £32,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £93,750 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +8.70%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Kubernetes.

Salary trend for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Kubernetes over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Salary histogram for Kubernetes in the UK

Kubernetes
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +28 4,556 £67,500 -3.57% 1,062
London +16 2,613 £77,500 - 555
UK excluding London +66 2,146 £55,000 - 567
Work from Home +17 1,024 £62,500 -3.85% 244
South East +71 609 £57,500 -4.17% 115
North of England +55 599 £57,500 +4.55% 222
South West +37 303 £52,500 +5.00% 48
North West +75 302 £58,500 +1.74% 128
Yorkshire +28 269 £57,500 +4.55% 78
Midlands +93 259 £57,500 +8.70% 66
West Midlands +98 203 £60,000 +9.09% 45
Scotland +26 187 £50,000 +6.95% 37
East of England +27 91 £60,000 +4.35% 50
Wales +57 78 £47,500 +5.56% 18
East Midlands +47 55 £51,250 +2.50% 21
North East +37 27 £52,500 +23.53% 16
Northern Ireland +38 26 £52,500 -25.00% 11
Isle of Man - 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, IT jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 3,746 (75.09%) Docker
2 2,901 (58.15%) DevOps
3 2,667 (53.46%) AWS
4 2,184 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
5 1,974 (39.57%) Terraform
6 1,897 (38.02%) Python
7 1,893 (37.94%) Azure
8 1,594 (31.95%) Java
9 1,530 (30.67%) Microservices
10 1,316 (26.38%) Linux
11 1,162 (23.29%) Jenkins
12 1,156 (23.17%) JavaScript
13 1,141 (22.87%) Ansible
14 1,069 (21.43%) Software Engineering
15 1,068 (21.41%) GCP
16 998 (20.00%) Finance
17 983 (19.70%) SQL
18 892 (17.88%) C#
19 886 (17.76%) Git (software)
20 803 (16.10%) Puppet
21 784 (15.71%) TDD
22 762 (15.27%) Infrastructure as Code
23 752 (15.07%) Scrum
24 718 (14.39%) .NET
25 702 (14.07%) Node.js
26 673 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
27 668 (13.39%) React
28 664 (13.31%) Go
29 602 (12.07%) Kafka
30 600 (12.03%) Opscode Chef

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 281 (5.63%) Elasticsearch
2 202 (4.05%) Apache Spark
3 185 (3.71%) Apache
4 107 (2.14%) Confluence
5 79 (1.58%) Cloud Foundry
6 67 (1.34%) Apache Airflow
7 57 (1.14%) Tomcat
8 46 (0.92%) OpenStack
9 44 (0.88%) nginx
10 40 (0.80%) WebSphere
11 28 (0.56%) IIS
12 26 (0.52%) JBoss
13 24 (0.48%) CMS
14 21 (0.42%) WebLogic
15 17 (0.34%) ColdFusion
16 14 (0.28%) SharePoint
17 12 (0.24%) Apache Solr
18 11 (0.22%) NServiceBus
18 11 (0.22%) Sitecore CMS
18 11 (0.22%) Tornado
Applications
1 12 (0.24%) InVision
2 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
3 9 (0.18%) Sketch
4 8 (0.16%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (0.42%) Oracle Applications
2 18 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
3 14 (0.28%) R3 Corda
4 10 (0.20%) Sentinel
5 7 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 7 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 7 (0.14%) Magento
6 5 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.10%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.080%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.040%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.020%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 2,667 (53.46%) AWS
2 1,893 (37.94%) Azure
3 1,068 (21.41%) GCP
4 421 (8.44%) AWS CloudFormation
5 402 (8.06%) Serverless
6 384 (7.70%) SaaS
7 317 (6.35%) PaaS
8 314 (6.29%) Amazon EKS
9 233 (4.67%) OpenShift
10 224 (4.49%) GitHub
11 214 (4.29%) Amazon ECS
12 213 (4.27%) AWS Lambda
13 198 (3.97%) IaaS
14 162 (3.25%) Datadog
15 141 (2.83%) Amazon S3
16 132 (2.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 123 (2.47%) Amazon EC2
18 104 (2.08%) Pulumi
19 95 (1.90%) Apigee
20 91 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 135 (2.71%) Firewall
2 99 (1.98%) DNS
3 95 (1.90%) HTTP
4 91 (1.82%) TCP/IP
5 50 (1.00%) Network Security
6 49 (0.98%) VPN
7 33 (0.66%) Internet
8 28 (0.56%) WAN
9 27 (0.54%) HTTPS
10 26 (0.52%) DHCP
11 22 (0.44%) LAN
12 19 (0.38%) SAN
13 16 (0.32%) Intrusion Detection
14 14 (0.28%) Software-Defined Networking
14 14 (0.28%) SSH
15 13 (0.26%) SSL
16 11 (0.22%) NAS
17 9 (0.18%) FTP
17 9 (0.18%) Kerberos
17 9 (0.18%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 599 (12.01%) PostgreSQL
2 456 (9.14%) SQL Server
3 441 (8.84%) NoSQL
4 398 (7.98%) MongoDB
5 364 (7.30%) MySQL
6 260 (5.21%) Big Data
7 189 (3.79%) Redis
7 189 (3.79%) Relational Database
8 146 (2.93%) Hadoop
9 130 (2.61%) Azure SQL Database
10 107 (2.14%) Apache Cassandra
11 95 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 86 (1.72%) Amazon Redshift
13 76 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
14 75 (1.50%) Amazon RDS
15 73 (1.46%) Blockchain
16 71 (1.42%) Cosmos DB
17 56 (1.12%) MariaDB
18 50 (1.00%) RDBMS
19 46 (0.92%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,162 (23.29%) Jenkins
2 886 (17.76%) Git (software)
3 420 (8.42%) GitLab
4 266 (5.33%) JIRA
5 165 (3.31%) Selenium
6 149 (2.99%) TeamCity
7 121 (2.43%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 119 (2.39%) Artifactory
9 106 (2.12%) Bitbucket
9 106 (2.12%) Gradle
9 106 (2.12%) Maven
10 103 (2.06%) Octopus Deploy
11 89 (1.78%) Cucumber
12 87 (1.74%) CircleCI
13 85 (1.70%) Team Foundation Server
14 82 (1.64%) SonarQube
15 69 (1.38%) JUnit
16 63 (1.26%) IntelliJ
17 61 (1.22%) Sonatype Nexus
18 58 (1.16%) Vagrant
General
1 998 (20.00%) Finance
2 337 (6.75%) Banking
3 220 (4.41%) Public Sector
4 210 (4.21%) Games
5 125 (2.51%) Retail
6 97 (1.94%) Marketing
7 89 (1.78%) Law
8 73 (1.46%) Telecoms
9 44 (0.88%) Back Office
9 44 (0.88%) Front Office
10 40 (0.80%) Advertising
10 40 (0.80%) Manufacturing
11 38 (0.76%) Electronics
12 24 (0.48%) Legal
13 21 (0.42%) Financial Institution
14 19 (0.38%) Online Betting
15 18 (0.36%) Automotive
16 13 (0.26%) Private Banking
17 12 (0.24%) Investment Banking
18 9 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,526 (30.59%) Developer
2 1,478 (29.63%) DevOps Engineer
3 656 (13.15%) AWS Engineer
4 529 (10.60%) AWS DevOps
5 481 (9.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 476 (9.54%) Java Developer
7 449 (9.00%) Senior Developer
8 444 (8.90%) Software Engineer
9 377 (7.56%) Senior DevOps
10 346 (6.94%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 343 (6.88%) Architect
12 247 (4.95%) Azure Engineer
13 229 (4.59%) Cloud Engineer
14 213 (4.27%) Java Engineer
15 200 (4.01%) Kubernetes Engineer
16 193 (3.87%) Python Developer
17 191 (3.83%) Full Stack Developer
18 190 (3.81%) Site Reliability Engineer
19 183 (3.67%) Software Developer
20 179 (3.59%) Azure DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 718 (14.39%) .NET
2 702 (14.07%) Node.js
3 668 (13.39%) React
4 602 (12.07%) Kafka
5 527 (10.56%) Spring
6 515 (10.32%) AngularJS
7 450 (9.02%) Spring Boot
8 419 (8.40%) .NET Core
9 340 (6.81%) REST
9 340 (6.81%) Web Services
10 289 (5.79%) RabbitMQ
11 281 (5.63%) Vue.js
12 268 (5.37%) CSS
13 248 (4.97%) HTML
14 245 (4.91%) RESTful
15 180 (3.61%) .NET Framework
16 139 (2.79%) Elastic Stack
17 136 (2.73%) GraphQL
18 131 (2.63%) OAuth
19 125 (2.51%) gRPC
Miscellaneous
1 308 (6.17%) Greenfield Project
2 298 (5.97%) Cloud Native
3 196 (3.93%) Public Cloud
4 148 (2.97%) Analytical Skills
5 139 (2.79%) Hedge funds
6 129 (2.59%) Algorithms
7 112 (2.24%) Data Centre
8 104 (2.08%) Mobile App
9 96 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
10 83 (1.66%) User Experience
11 73 (1.46%) Data Structures
11 73 (1.46%) Hybrid Cloud
12 70 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
12 70 (1.40%) Self-Motivation
13 55 (1.10%) Enterprise Cloud
14 46 (0.92%) Social Network
15 38 (0.76%) Blog
16 37 (0.74%) Equities
17 36 (0.72%) Private Cloud
18 34 (0.68%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,316 (26.38%) Linux
2 362 (7.26%) Windows
3 214 (4.29%) Unix
4 116 (2.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 101 (2.02%) Windows Server
6 96 (1.92%) CentOS
7 80 (1.60%) Ubuntu
8 44 (0.88%) Android
9 32 (0.64%) Apple iOS
10 24 (0.48%) VMS
11 19 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
12 18 (0.36%) CoreOS
12 18 (0.36%) Debian
13 16 (0.32%) zOS
14 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
15 5 (0.10%) Mesosphere
16 4 (0.080%) Fedora
16 4 (0.080%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.080%) Mac OS X
16 4 (0.080%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,901 (58.15%) DevOps
2 2,184 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
3 1,530 (30.67%) Microservices
4 1,069 (21.43%) Software Engineering
5 784 (15.71%) TDD
6 762 (15.27%) Infrastructure as Code
7 752 (15.07%) Scrum
8 673 (13.49%) Continuous Integration
9 575 (11.53%) Fintech
10 493 (9.88%) Configuration Management
11 480 (9.62%) Test Automation
12 462 (9.26%) Mentoring
13 433 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
14 383 (7.68%) Machine Learning
15 366 (7.34%) Deployment Automation
16 358 (7.18%) Site Reliability Engineering
17 348 (6.98%) Migration
18 315 (6.31%) Computer Science
19 309 (6.19%) Analytics
20 293 (5.87%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,897 (38.02%) Python
2 1,594 (31.95%) Java
3 1,156 (23.17%) JavaScript
4 983 (19.70%) SQL
5 892 (17.88%) C#
6 664 (13.31%) Go
7 498 (9.98%) Bash Shell
8 389 (7.80%) TypeScript
9 380 (7.62%) Ruby
10 363 (7.28%) PowerShell
11 277 (5.55%) PHP
12 261 (5.23%) Scala
13 211 (4.23%) Java 8
14 197 (3.95%) C++
15 169 (3.39%) Kotlin
16 97 (1.94%) Groovy
17 76 (1.52%) Shell Script
18 60 (1.20%) ES6
18 60 (1.20%) Perl
19 59 (1.18%) C
Qualifications
1 344 (6.90%) Degree
2 286 (5.73%) Security Cleared
3 235 (4.71%) SC Cleared
4 138 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 112 (2.24%) AWS Certification
6 53 (1.06%) Cisco Certification
7 31 (0.62%) PhD
7 31 (0.62%) Sun Certification
8 29 (0.58%) CCNA
8 29 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 28 (0.56%) ISTQB
10 22 (0.44%) CCNP
10 22 (0.44%) DV Cleared
11 21 (0.42%) ISEB
11 21 (0.42%) RHCE
12 18 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 17 (0.34%) Master's Degree
14 15 (0.30%) OSCE
14 15 (0.30%) OSCP
15 12 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 138 (2.77%) QA
2 42 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 36 (0.72%) NIST
4 33 (0.66%) SLA
5 28 (0.56%) GDPR
6 18 (0.36%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.24%) HIPAA
8 11 (0.22%) Data Quality
9 10 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 9 (0.18%) ISO 9001
11 8 (0.16%) WCAG
12 7 (0.14%) ISO 22301
13 5 (0.10%) Dodd-Frank
13 5 (0.10%) EMIR
13 5 (0.10%) MiFID
14 4 (0.080%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 3 (0.060%) PMO
16 2 (0.040%) IEC 62304
16 2 (0.040%) ISO 13485
16 2 (0.040%) NCSC
System Software
1 3,746 (75.09%) Docker
2 132 (2.65%) Active Directory
3 121 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (1.06%) Virtual Machines
5 33 (0.66%) vSphere
6 22 (0.44%) XenApp
7 19 (0.38%) XenDesktop
8 17 (0.34%) Hyper-V
8 17 (0.34%) VirtualBox
9 14 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (0.24%) KVM
10 12 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
10 12 (0.24%) Xen
11 11 (0.22%) HDFS
11 11 (0.22%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.14%) Firmware
13 6 (0.12%) Ceph
13 6 (0.12%) LXC
14 5 (0.10%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 1,974 (39.57%) Terraform
2 1,141 (22.87%) Ansible
3 803 (16.10%) Puppet
4 600 (12.03%) Opscode Chef
5 264 (5.29%) Grafana
6 262 (5.25%) Prometheus
7 93 (1.86%) Istio
8 70 (1.40%) Packer
9 61 (1.22%) Nagios
10 51 (1.02%) ZABBIX
11 49 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
12 41 (0.82%) Rancher
13 37 (0.74%) Kibana
14 36 (0.72%) Consul
15 25 (0.50%) Fortio
15 25 (0.50%) Kiali
16 23 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
17 21 (0.42%) Mesos
18 20 (0.40%) HAProxy
19 19 (0.38%) MIIS
Vendors
1 529 (10.60%) Google
2 370 (7.42%) Microsoft
3 253 (5.07%) Oracle
4 215 (4.31%) VMware
5 176 (3.53%) Red Hat
6 126 (2.53%) Splunk
7 109 (2.18%) IBM
8 105 (2.10%) SaltStack
9 94 (1.88%) New Relic
10 92 (1.84%) SAP
11 61 (1.22%) Atlassian
12 54 (1.08%) Cisco
13 43 (0.86%) Dynatrace
14 34 (0.68%) Databricks
15 29 (0.58%) ServiceNow
16 21 (0.42%) F5
17 20 (0.40%) Salesforce.com
18 19 (0.38%) Adobe
18 19 (0.38%) hybris
18 19 (0.38%) Pega