Period
to 24 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 24 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
24 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 247 225 190
Rank change year-on-year -22 -35 +78
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 640 2,148 3,063
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.31% 1.52% 1.84%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.21% 2.85% 3.31%
Number of salaries quoted 603 2,041 2,784
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +12.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £43,750 £41,250 £38,750
90th Percentile £95,000 £97,500 £91,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year -4.35% +4.55% +10.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,936 75,273 92,664
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.02% 53.42% 55.65%
Number of salaries quoted 24,281 61,545 77,053
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 24 September 2020.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 24 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 597 £67,500 -3.57% 132
London -33 369 £75,000 - 72
UK excluding London +5 258 £55,000 -4.35% 68
Work from Home -19 91 £70,000 - 41
South East 0 79 £62,500 -0.79% 20
North of England +44 67 £50,000 -13.04% 11
South West +127 42 £51,593 -10.27% 11
Yorkshire +96 38 £47,500 -8.65% 3
North West +16 25 £55,000 -4.35% 7
Scotland +55 23 £45,000 -10.00% 6
Midlands +103 18 £47,500 +5.56% 12
West Midlands +102 18 £47,500 - 9
East of England +99 14 £52,500 -8.70% 6
Northern Ireland +21 8 £50,000 -2.44% 1
Wales +39 7 £30,000 -33.33% 1
North East - 4 £50,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 24 September 2020, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 640 (100.00%) Java
2 432 (67.50%) Spring
3 383 (59.84%) Agile Software Development
4 304 (47.50%) Microservices
5 288 (45.00%) TDD
6 266 (41.56%) Spring Boot
7 212 (33.13%) JavaScript
8 195 (30.47%) Docker
9 181 (28.28%) AWS
10 178 (27.81%) NoSQL
11 170 (26.56%) Kubernetes
12 155 (24.22%) React
13 142 (22.19%) Software Engineering
14 140 (21.88%) REST
15 136 (21.25%) SQL
16 133 (20.78%) Finance
17 132 (20.63%) Node.js
18 115 (17.97%) Git (software)
19 111 (17.34%) RESTful
19 111 (17.34%) Kafka
20 108 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
21 104 (16.25%) AngularJS
22 103 (16.09%) BDD
23 101 (15.78%) Jenkins
24 96 (15.00%) Test Automation
25 95 (14.84%) Security Cleared
26 93 (14.53%) DevOps
27 90 (14.06%) JUnit
28 86 (13.44%) JMS
29 83 (12.97%) SC Cleared

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 37 (5.78%) Confluence
2 24 (3.75%) Elasticsearch
3 23 (3.59%) Apache Spark
4 19 (2.97%) Apache
5 15 (2.34%) Tomcat
6 12 (1.88%) JBoss
7 8 (1.25%) GlassFish
7 8 (1.25%) WebSphere
8 5 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.78%) WildFly
9 4 (0.63%) Jetty
9 4 (0.63%) OpenStack
10 3 (0.47%) CMS
11 2 (0.31%) Apache TomEE
11 2 (0.31%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.31%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.16%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 1 (0.16%) Camunda
12 1 (0.16%) Liferay
12 1 (0.16%) Oracle Coherence
Business Applications
1 7 (1.09%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 5 (0.78%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 181 (28.28%) AWS
2 50 (7.81%) Azure
3 27 (4.22%) GitHub
4 22 (3.44%) GCP
5 14 (2.19%) Serverless
6 13 (2.03%) Amazon ECS
7 12 (1.88%) SaaS
7 12 (1.88%) Slack
8 9 (1.41%) Cloud Computing
9 6 (0.94%) Amazon EMR
9 6 (0.94%) Amazon SQS
10 5 (0.78%) Amazon EC2
10 5 (0.78%) npm
11 4 (0.63%) Amazon EKS
11 4 (0.63%) AWS CloudFormation
11 4 (0.63%) BrowserStack
11 4 (0.63%) OpenShift
11 4 (0.63%) Sauce Labs
12 2 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.16%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.41%) HTTP
2 7 (1.09%) WebEx
3 4 (0.63%) Internet
4 3 (0.47%) DNS
5 1 (0.16%) ATM
5 1 (0.16%) MQTT
5 1 (0.16%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 178 (27.81%) NoSQL
2 66 (10.31%) Apache Cassandra
3 56 (8.75%) MongoDB
4 45 (7.03%) Hadoop
5 44 (6.88%) PostgreSQL
6 41 (6.41%) Big Data
7 32 (5.00%) Relational Database
8 23 (3.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 22 (3.44%) MySQL
10 17 (2.66%) SQL Server
11 14 (2.19%) Redis
12 12 (1.88%) Oracle Database
13 10 (1.56%) Oracle Database 12c
14 9 (1.41%) Couchbase
14 9 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
14 9 (1.41%) RDBMS
15 7 (1.09%) Hazelcast
16 6 (0.94%) Amazon RDS
17 5 (0.78%) Apache Hive
18 4 (0.63%) HBase
Development Applications
1 115 (17.97%) Git (software)
2 101 (15.78%) Jenkins
3 90 (14.06%) JUnit
4 74 (11.56%) Mockito
5 72 (11.25%) Maven
6 49 (7.66%) JIRA
7 31 (4.84%) Gradle
8 21 (3.28%) Cucumber
9 18 (2.81%) Bitbucket
10 17 (2.66%) TeamCity
11 15 (2.34%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 15 (2.34%) Vagrant
12 13 (2.03%) GitLab
12 13 (2.03%) Selenium
13 11 (1.72%) Ant
14 10 (1.56%) IntelliJ
15 9 (1.41%) Liquibase
15 9 (1.41%) Sonatype Nexus
16 8 (1.25%) WebDriver
17 7 (1.09%) Artifactory
General
1 133 (20.78%) Finance
2 74 (11.56%) Banking
3 37 (5.78%) Investment Banking
4 26 (4.06%) Public Sector
5 17 (2.66%) Front Office
6 13 (2.03%) Law
6 13 (2.03%) Retail
7 6 (0.94%) Advertising
7 6 (0.94%) Manufacturing
7 6 (0.94%) Marketing
8 5 (0.78%) Back Office
9 4 (0.63%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.47%) French Language
11 2 (0.31%) Games
11 2 (0.31%) Music Industry
11 2 (0.31%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 523 (81.72%) Developer
2 478 (74.69%) Java Developer
3 98 (15.31%) Senior Developer
4 91 (14.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 72 (11.25%) Java Engineer
6 60 (9.38%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 37 (5.78%) Full Stack Developer
8 35 (5.47%) Software Engineer
9 34 (5.31%) Senior Java Engineer
10 32 (5.00%) Lead Developer
11 30 (4.69%) Lead Java Developer
12 23 (3.59%) Java Software Engineer
13 22 (3.44%) AWS Developer
14 17 (2.66%) Senior Software Engineer
15 16 (2.50%) Software Developer
16 15 (2.34%) Java Developer - Fintech
17 13 (2.03%) Mid-Level Java Developer
18 12 (1.88%) AWS Engineer
18 12 (1.88%) Junior
18 12 (1.88%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 432 (67.50%) Spring
2 266 (41.56%) Spring Boot
3 155 (24.22%) React
4 140 (21.88%) REST
5 132 (20.63%) Node.js
6 111 (17.34%) Kafka
6 111 (17.34%) RESTful
7 104 (16.25%) AngularJS
8 86 (13.44%) JMS
9 67 (10.47%) Hibernate
10 61 (9.53%) Apache Camel
11 57 (8.91%) HTML
12 56 (8.75%) Web Services
13 48 (7.50%) CSS
13 48 (7.50%) JAX-RS
13 48 (7.50%) Spring Integration
14 37 (5.78%) Java EE
15 34 (5.31%) J2EE
16 31 (4.84%) ActiveMQ
17 30 (4.69%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 50 (7.81%) Greenfield Project
2 43 (6.72%) Self-Motivation
3 28 (4.38%) Analytical Skills
4 25 (3.91%) Fixed Income
5 21 (3.28%) Algorithms
6 17 (2.66%) Data Structures
7 16 (2.50%) Mobile App
7 16 (2.50%) User Experience
8 15 (2.34%) Blog
9 14 (2.19%) Social Media
10 13 (2.03%) Derivative
10 13 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
10 13 (2.03%) Equities
11 12 (1.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 11 (1.72%) Cloud Native
12 11 (1.72%) STB
13 9 (1.41%) OTC Derivatives
13 9 (1.41%) Video\Live Streaming
14 8 (1.25%) Social Network
15 7 (1.09%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 74 (11.56%) Linux
2 24 (3.75%) Unix
3 23 (3.59%) Windows
4 15 (2.34%) Android
4 15 (2.34%) Apple iOS
4 15 (2.34%) VMS
5 5 (0.78%) Mac OS X
5 5 (0.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.47%) Debian
6 3 (0.47%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.31%) CentOS
7 2 (0.31%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.31%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.16%) AIX
8 1 (0.16%) Solaris
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Embedded Compact
8 1 (0.16%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 383 (59.84%) Agile Software Development
2 304 (47.50%) Microservices
3 288 (45.00%) TDD
4 142 (22.19%) Software Engineering
5 108 (16.88%) Continuous Integration
6 103 (16.09%) BDD
7 96 (15.00%) Test Automation
8 93 (14.53%) DevOps
9 81 (12.66%) Multithreading
10 77 (12.03%) MVC
11 75 (11.72%) Open Source
11 75 (11.72%) Scrum
12 65 (10.16%) Pair Programming
13 62 (9.69%) OO
14 57 (8.91%) Domain-Driven Design
15 53 (8.28%) Computer Science
16 52 (8.13%) Dependency Injection
17 45 (7.03%) CQRS
17 45 (7.03%) Unit Testing
18 44 (6.88%) Fintech
Programming Languages
1 640 (100.00%) Java
2 212 (33.13%) JavaScript
3 136 (21.25%) SQL
4 64 (10.00%) Kotlin
5 47 (7.34%) Python
6 39 (6.09%) Scala
7 33 (5.16%) Shell Script
8 28 (4.38%) TypeScript
9 15 (2.34%) C
10 14 (2.19%) PL/SQL
11 13 (2.03%) Apple Swift
12 10 (1.56%) C++
13 9 (1.41%) C#
14 8 (1.25%) Objective-C
15 7 (1.09%) PowerShell
16 6 (0.94%) Go
17 5 (0.78%) Bash Shell
17 5 (0.78%) Java 9
18 4 (0.63%) Rust
19 3 (0.47%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 95 (14.84%) Security Cleared
2 83 (12.97%) SC Cleared
3 45 (7.03%) Degree
4 35 (5.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (4.38%) DV Cleared
6 17 (2.66%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.63%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.47%) ISEB
8 3 (0.47%) PhD
9 1 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.19%) QA
2 2 (0.31%) MiFID
3 1 (0.16%) EMIR
3 1 (0.16%) NCSC
System Software
1 195 (30.47%) Docker
2 5 (0.78%) HDFS
3 2 (0.31%) Postfix
4 1 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 170 (26.56%) Kubernetes
2 37 (5.78%) Ansible
3 31 (4.84%) Terraform
4 21 (3.28%) Puppet
5 18 (2.81%) Opscode Chef
6 8 (1.25%) Kibana
7 5 (0.78%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.63%) logstash
9 3 (0.47%) Istio
10 2 (0.31%) HP Fortify
11 1 (0.16%) Consul
11 1 (0.16%) Grafana
11 1 (0.16%) Marathon
11 1 (0.16%) Mesos
Vendors
1 49 (7.66%) Oracle
2 23 (3.59%) Google
3 16 (2.50%) Atlassian
4 9 (1.41%) Apple
5 8 (1.25%) Microsoft
6 7 (1.09%) IBM
6 7 (1.09%) Solace
7 5 (0.78%) Calypso
8 4 (0.63%) Pega
8 4 (0.63%) Plumtree
8 4 (0.63%) WSO2
9 3 (0.47%) Hortonworks
9 3 (0.47%) Red Hat
9 3 (0.47%) Terracotta
10 2 (0.31%) AppDynamics
10 2 (0.31%) Automation Anywhere
10 2 (0.31%) Blue Prism
10 2 (0.31%) Greenplum
10 2 (0.31%) Tableau
10 2 (0.31%) UiPath