Period
to 23 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 225 193 263
Rank change year-on-year -32 +70 +204
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,128 3,029 2,376
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.52% 1.83% 1.35%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.85% 3.29% 2.44%
Number of salaries quoted 1,871 2,635 1,801
UK median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £40,000 £38,750 £37,500
90th Percentile £97,500 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £53,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +7.48% +7.00% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 74,772 91,990 97,221
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.41% 55.64% 55.34%
Number of salaries quoted 61,121 76,470 79,828
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 23 September 2019.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 15 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -33 2,005 £70,000 +12.00% 347
London -28 1,203 £75,000 +7.14% 226
UK excluding London -35 898 £57,500 +7.48% 144
South East +4 390 £63,000 +9.57% 42
North of England -37 249 £57,500 +21.05% 41
North West +27 169 £57,500 +15.00% 19
Yorkshire -73 80 £52,000 +13.04% 17
Scotland +43 74 £47,500 - 18
East of England -5 57 £57,500 +15.00% 10
Midlands -53 56 £45,000 -18.18% 15
South West -27 49 £57,500 - 13
East Midlands +7 37 £38,500 -35.83% 4
Wales -16 19 £45,000 +5.88% 4
West Midlands -43 19 £47,500 -13.64% 11
Northern Ireland -8 7 £51,250 -16.33% 2

For the 6 months to 23 September 2019, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,122 (99.72%) Java
2 1,445 (67.90%) Spring
3 1,383 (64.99%) Agile Software Development
4 919 (43.19%) Microservices
5 831 (39.05%) TDD
6 764 (35.90%) Spring Boot
7 587 (27.58%) Docker
8 582 (27.35%) JavaScript
9 526 (24.72%) Software Engineering
10 496 (23.31%) AWS
11 470 (22.09%) Hibernate
12 453 (21.29%) Maven
13 446 (20.96%) Git (software)
14 412 (19.36%) Jenkins
15 409 (19.22%) SQL
16 407 (19.13%) Scrum
17 380 (17.86%) Finance
17 380 (17.86%) DevOps
18 362 (17.01%) REST
18 362 (17.01%) BDD
19 350 (16.45%) RESTful
20 347 (16.31%) AngularJS
21 339 (15.93%) React
22 333 (15.65%) Kubernetes
23 320 (15.04%) Web Services
24 311 (14.61%) JUnit
25 297 (13.96%) Continuous Integration
26 296 (13.91%) HTML
27 285 (13.39%) CSS
28 284 (13.35%) Greenfield Project

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 94 (4.42%) Tomcat
2 93 (4.37%) Confluence
3 71 (3.34%) Apache
4 70 (3.29%) Elasticsearch
5 57 (2.68%) Apache Spark
6 51 (2.40%) JBoss
7 33 (1.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 27 (1.27%) CMS
9 14 (0.66%) WebSphere
10 13 (0.61%) Apache Solr
11 12 (0.56%) nginx
12 11 (0.52%) WebLogic
13 10 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
14 9 (0.42%) Headless CMS
15 8 (0.38%) Jetty
16 6 (0.28%) Mule
17 5 (0.23%) GemFire
17 5 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 4 (0.19%) Oracle Service Bus
18 4 (0.19%) WildFly
Applications
1 7 (0.33%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.047%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.047%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 19 (0.89%) SAP Hybris
2 7 (0.33%) Magento
3 1 (0.047%) Bloomberg AIM
3 1 (0.047%) Dynamics GP
3 1 (0.047%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 1 (0.047%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.047%) LatentZero
3 1 (0.047%) LongView
3 1 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
3 1 (0.047%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 496 (23.31%) AWS
2 115 (5.40%) Serverless
3 105 (4.93%) GCP
4 93 (4.37%) Azure
5 78 (3.67%) Amazon EC2
6 74 (3.48%) AWS Lambda
7 66 (3.10%) Amazon S3
8 64 (3.01%) SaaS
9 59 (2.77%) GitHub
10 27 (1.27%) PaaS
11 22 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
12 20 (0.94%) Apigee
13 16 (0.75%) OpenShift
14 13 (0.61%) Basecamp
15 12 (0.56%) Amazon ECS
16 11 (0.52%) Amazon Kinesis
16 11 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
17 10 (0.47%) IaaS
18 9 (0.42%) Boomi
19 8 (0.38%) BrowserStack
Communications & Networking
1 16 (0.75%) Internet
2 11 (0.52%) TCP/IP
3 9 (0.42%) HTTP
4 8 (0.38%) AMQP
5 6 (0.28%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.19%) ATM
6 4 (0.19%) DSL
7 3 (0.14%) Multicast
8 2 (0.094%) Network Security
8 2 (0.094%) Skype
8 2 (0.094%) SSH
9 1 (0.047%) Bluetooth
9 1 (0.047%) Firewall
9 1 (0.047%) LAN
9 1 (0.047%) SAN
9 1 (0.047%) SSL
9 1 (0.047%) VPN
9 1 (0.047%) WAN
9 1 (0.047%) WebEx
9 1 (0.047%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 218 (10.24%) NoSQL
2 210 (9.87%) MySQL
3 182 (8.55%) MongoDB
4 165 (7.75%) Big Data
5 144 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
6 122 (5.73%) SQL Server
7 102 (4.79%) Relational Database
8 98 (4.61%) Apache Cassandra
9 73 (3.43%) Hadoop
10 65 (3.05%) Oracle Database
11 52 (2.44%) Redis
12 38 (1.79%) Oracle Database 12c
12 38 (1.79%) RDBMS
13 33 (1.55%) Blockchain
14 32 (1.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 30 (1.41%) Data Warehouse
16 29 (1.36%) Neo4j
17 28 (1.32%) CouchDB
18 22 (1.03%) Amazon RDS
19 21 (0.99%) JasperReports
Development Applications
1 453 (21.29%) Maven
2 446 (20.96%) Git (software)
3 412 (19.36%) Jenkins
4 311 (14.61%) JUnit
5 196 (9.21%) JIRA
6 184 (8.65%) Gradle
7 157 (7.38%) Selenium
8 98 (4.61%) Mockito
9 95 (4.46%) Cucumber
10 67 (3.15%) TeamCity
11 53 (2.49%) IntelliJ
12 47 (2.21%) Spock
13 43 (2.02%) Ant
14 42 (1.97%) GitLab
15 38 (1.79%) Eclipse
16 35 (1.64%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 34 (1.60%) Gatling
18 31 (1.46%) Bitbucket
19 30 (1.41%) Subversion
20 23 (1.08%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 380 (17.86%) Finance
2 210 (9.87%) Banking
3 196 (9.21%) Retail
4 79 (3.71%) Games
5 61 (2.87%) Front Office
6 54 (2.54%) Investment Banking
7 31 (1.46%) Public Sector
8 27 (1.27%) Law
9 23 (1.08%) Marketing
10 18 (0.85%) Telecoms
11 15 (0.70%) Legal
12 12 (0.56%) Financial Institution
13 11 (0.52%) Publishing
14 10 (0.47%) Advertising
14 10 (0.47%) Manufacturing
15 8 (0.38%) Local Government
16 7 (0.33%) Automotive
16 7 (0.33%) Military
16 7 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.23%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 1,647 (77.40%) Developer
2 1,531 (71.95%) Java Developer
3 490 (23.03%) Senior Developer
4 453 (21.29%) Senior Java Developer
5 246 (11.56%) Java Engineer
6 224 (10.53%) Software Engineer
7 156 (7.33%) Java Software Engineer
8 102 (4.79%) Lead Developer
9 92 (4.32%) Lead Java Developer
10 84 (3.95%) AWS Developer
11 73 (3.43%) Agile Developer
11 73 (3.43%) Agile Java Developer
12 64 (3.01%) Senior Java Engineer
13 63 (2.96%) Software Developer
14 61 (2.87%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 50 (2.35%) Architect
16 48 (2.26%) SQL Developer
17 46 (2.16%) Full Stack Developer
18 44 (2.07%) Junior
19 38 (1.79%) Principal Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,445 (67.90%) Spring
2 764 (35.90%) Spring Boot
3 470 (22.09%) Hibernate
4 362 (17.01%) REST
5 350 (16.45%) RESTful
6 347 (16.31%) AngularJS
7 339 (15.93%) React
8 320 (15.04%) Web Services
9 296 (13.91%) HTML
10 285 (13.39%) CSS
11 256 (12.03%) Kafka
12 205 (9.63%) Node.js
13 119 (5.59%) JSON
14 99 (4.65%) Java EE
15 95 (4.46%) HTML5
15 95 (4.46%) jQuery
15 95 (4.46%) SOAP
16 87 (4.09%) JPA
17 82 (3.85%) XML
18 78 (3.67%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 284 (13.35%) Greenfield Project
2 83 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
3 81 (3.81%) User Experience
4 60 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
5 59 (2.77%) Fixed Income
6 58 (2.73%) Mobile App
7 56 (2.63%) Algorithms
8 46 (2.16%) Data Structures
9 45 (2.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 43 (2.02%) Cloud Native
11 42 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
12 36 (1.69%) iPad
13 33 (1.55%) Equities
14 24 (1.13%) Robotics
15 19 (0.89%) Blog
16 16 (0.75%) Online Gambling
17 15 (0.70%) Derivative
18 13 (0.61%) Hedge funds
18 13 (0.61%) Virtual Team
19 12 (0.56%) Bitcoin
Operating Systems
1 210 (9.87%) Linux
2 69 (3.24%) Unix
3 47 (2.21%) Android
3 47 (2.21%) Windows
4 35 (1.64%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.38%) Oracle Linux
6 6 (0.28%) Windows 7
6 6 (0.28%) Windows 8
7 5 (0.23%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.094%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (0.094%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.094%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.094%) SUSE
9 1 (0.047%) CentOS
9 1 (0.047%) Debian
9 1 (0.047%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.047%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,383 (64.99%) Agile Software Development
2 919 (43.19%) Microservices
3 831 (39.05%) TDD
4 526 (24.72%) Software Engineering
5 407 (19.13%) Scrum
6 380 (17.86%) DevOps
7 362 (17.01%) BDD
8 297 (13.96%) Continuous Integration
9 243 (11.42%) Fintech
10 221 (10.39%) OO
11 205 (9.63%) Test Automation
12 179 (8.41%) Kanban
13 178 (8.36%) E-Commerce
14 172 (8.08%) Mentoring
15 159 (7.47%) Computer Science
15 159 (7.47%) SDLC
16 144 (6.77%) Open Source
17 135 (6.34%) MVC
17 135 (6.34%) Pair Programming
18 133 (6.25%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,122 (99.72%) Java
2 582 (27.35%) JavaScript
3 409 (19.22%) SQL
4 185 (8.69%) Python
5 155 (7.28%) Scala
6 101 (4.75%) Kotlin
7 73 (3.43%) C#
8 68 (3.20%) Ruby
9 66 (3.10%) Java 9
10 51 (2.40%) Groovy
11 45 (2.11%) C
12 39 (1.83%) C++
13 38 (1.79%) ES6
14 34 (1.60%) PL/SQL
14 34 (1.60%) TypeScript
15 29 (1.36%) PHP
16 20 (0.94%) Haskell
17 17 (0.80%) T-SQL
18 16 (0.75%) Go
19 13 (0.61%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 199 (9.35%) Degree
2 93 (4.37%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (2.68%) Security Cleared
4 26 (1.22%) SC Cleared
5 19 (0.89%) Master's Degree
6 13 (0.61%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.52%) AWS Certification
8 8 (0.38%) DV Cleared
9 7 (0.33%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.14%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.094%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 2 (0.094%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 2 (0.094%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.094%) Oracle Certification
12 2 (0.094%) PMI Certification
13 1 (0.047%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (3.52%) QA
2 9 (0.42%) GDPR
3 4 (0.19%) EMIR
4 3 (0.14%) MiFID
5 2 (0.094%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 587 (27.58%) Docker
2 17 (0.80%) Active Directory
3 8 (0.38%) GridGain
4 5 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.19%) HDFS
5 4 (0.19%) KVM
6 1 (0.047%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.047%) Firmware
6 1 (0.047%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 333 (15.65%) Kubernetes
2 88 (4.14%) Ansible
3 71 (3.34%) Terraform
4 41 (1.93%) Mesos
5 35 (1.64%) Marathon
6 27 (1.27%) Kibana
7 23 (1.08%) Istio
7 23 (1.08%) Opscode Chef
8 19 (0.89%) Puppet
9 11 (0.52%) logstash
10 9 (0.42%) Knative
10 9 (0.42%) Salt
11 8 (0.38%) HP Fortify
12 7 (0.33%) Grafana
13 6 (0.28%) Rancher
14 5 (0.23%) Consul
14 5 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
14 5 (0.23%) Packer
14 5 (0.23%) Prometheus
15 4 (0.19%) Control-M
Vendors
1 239 (11.23%) Oracle
2 89 (4.18%) Google
3 67 (3.15%) Splunk
4 52 (2.44%) Adobe
5 41 (1.93%) SAP
6 40 (1.88%) Atlassian
7 32 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
8 24 (1.13%) hybris
9 22 (1.03%) Facebook
10 20 (0.94%) Tableau
11 19 (0.89%) IBM
12 16 (0.75%) Demandware
13 13 (0.61%) AppDynamics
13 13 (0.61%) Dynatrace
13 13 (0.61%) Red Hat
14 12 (0.56%) Microsoft
15 11 (0.52%) MuleSoft
15 11 (0.52%) Solace
16 10 (0.47%) New Relic
17 9 (0.42%) TIBCO