Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 197 240 364
Rank change year-on-year +43 +124 +356
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,670 2,577 1,528
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.76% 1.46% 0.87%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.21% 2.62% 1.63%
Number of salaries quoted 2,332 2,216 1,358
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - -
10th Percentile £39,775 £41,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £48,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +3.09% +2.11%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 83,170 98,472 93,722
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.94% 55.70% 53.63%
Number of salaries quoted 68,771 82,696 80,271
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +45 2,557 £62,500 +4.17% 559
London -12 1,399 £70,000 +7.69% 323
UK excluding London +125 1,234 £55,000 +10.00% 264
South East +119 517 £59,500 +8.18% 73
North of England +104 321 £50,000 +5.26% 76
North West +73 170 £55,000 +15.79% 36
South West +87 149 £57,500 +15.00% 25
Yorkshire +92 139 £47,500 -5.00% 40
East of England +79 97 £56,500 +13.00% 41
Midlands -3 72 £53,750 +2.38% 21
Scotland +11 56 £47,500 -13.64% 9
East Midlands +29 41 £43,750 -7.89% 5
West Midlands -14 31 £55,000 +4.76% 16
Wales +7 18 £40,000 -5.88% 8
Northern Ireland -6 17 £50,000 +11.11% 11
North East +21 12 £45,000 +12.50%

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,665 (99.81%) Java
2 1,832 (68.61%) Agile Software Development
3 1,651 (61.84%) Spring
4 1,094 (40.97%) TDD
5 1,002 (37.53%) Microservices
6 802 (30.04%) Spring Boot
7 691 (25.88%) Software Engineering
8 633 (23.71%) JavaScript
9 625 (23.41%) Docker
10 607 (22.73%) Finance
11 557 (20.86%) RESTful
12 545 (20.41%) Amazon AWS
13 540 (20.22%) SQL
14 528 (19.78%) Hibernate
15 492 (18.43%) DevOps
16 485 (18.16%) Continuous Integration
17 473 (17.72%) AngularJS
18 463 (17.34%) Jenkins
19 455 (17.04%) Git (software)
20 453 (16.97%) Web Services
21 452 (16.93%) REST
22 446 (16.70%) Maven
23 437 (16.37%) Scrum
24 434 (16.25%) Greenfield Project
25 426 (15.96%) BDD
26 395 (14.79%) NoSQL
27 390 (14.61%) JUnit
28 346 (12.96%) React
29 341 (12.77%) Big Data
30 322 (12.06%) MySQL

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 156 (5.84%) Elasticsearch
2 155 (5.81%) Tomcat
3 103 (3.86%) Confluence
4 77 (2.88%) Apache Spark
5 70 (2.62%) JBoss
6 68 (2.55%) Apache
7 33 (1.24%) Apache Solr
8 32 (1.20%) WebLogic
9 28 (1.05%) CMS
9 28 (1.05%) Jetty
10 27 (1.01%) Mule
11 23 (0.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 20 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 14 (0.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 13 (0.49%) Cloud Foundry
14 13 (0.49%) OpenStack
15 12 (0.45%) Anypoint
15 12 (0.45%) Mule ESB
16 11 (0.41%) WordPress
17 10 (0.37%) WildFly
Applications
1 2 (0.075%) Chatbot
2 1 (0.037%) InVision
2 1 (0.037%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
2 8 (0.30%) Ripple
3 5 (0.19%) Changepoint
4 2 (0.075%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.075%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.037%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 545 (20.41%) Amazon AWS
2 151 (5.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 93 (3.48%) Google Cloud Platform
4 86 (3.22%) GitHub
5 46 (1.72%) SaaS
5 46 (1.72%) Serverless
6 34 (1.27%) PaaS
7 28 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
8 26 (0.97%) Slack
9 25 (0.94%) Apigee
10 23 (0.86%) OpenShift
11 21 (0.79%) IaaS
11 21 (0.79%) IBM Cloud
12 19 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
13 17 (0.64%) Amazon S3
14 10 (0.37%) npm
15 9 (0.34%) Cloud Computing
16 6 (0.22%) AWS CloudFormation
17 5 (0.19%) Amazon Kinesis
17 5 (0.19%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 26 (0.97%) HTTP
2 21 (0.79%) AMQP
3 15 (0.56%) Internet
4 6 (0.22%) ATM
4 6 (0.22%) HTTPS
5 5 (0.19%) SSL
6 4 (0.15%) WebEx
7 3 (0.11%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.075%) Intranet
8 2 (0.075%) SAN
9 1 (0.037%) RTP
9 1 (0.037%) Skype
9 1 (0.037%) TCP/IP
9 1 (0.037%) Unified Communications
9 1 (0.037%) VoIP
9 1 (0.037%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 395 (14.79%) NoSQL
2 341 (12.77%) Big Data
3 322 (12.06%) MySQL
4 289 (10.82%) MongoDB
5 199 (7.45%) PostgreSQL
6 161 (6.03%) Relational Database
7 142 (5.32%) Apache Cassandra
8 141 (5.28%) Hadoop
9 124 (4.64%) SQL Server
10 117 (4.38%) Redis
11 59 (2.21%) RDBMS
12 52 (1.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 51 (1.91%) Blockchain
14 30 (1.12%) Oracle Database
15 27 (1.01%) Couchbase
16 23 (0.86%) MariaDB
17 22 (0.82%) Hazelcast
17 22 (0.82%) HBase
18 21 (0.79%) Neo4j
19 19 (0.71%) Riak
Development Applications
1 463 (17.34%) Jenkins
2 455 (17.04%) Git (software)
3 446 (16.70%) Maven
4 390 (14.61%) JUnit
5 217 (8.13%) JIRA
6 214 (8.01%) Gradle
7 153 (5.73%) Mockito
8 149 (5.58%) Cucumber
9 116 (4.34%) Selenium
10 100 (3.75%) Eclipse
11 61 (2.28%) IntelliJ
12 42 (1.57%) Ant
13 38 (1.42%) Subversion
14 34 (1.27%) Gatling
15 32 (1.20%) Vagrant
16 31 (1.16%) Sonatype Nexus
17 30 (1.12%) SonarQube
18 29 (1.09%) Apache Ivy
19 28 (1.05%) JMeter
19 28 (1.05%) SoapUI
General
1 607 (22.73%) Finance
2 227 (8.50%) Banking
3 154 (5.77%) Retail
4 149 (5.58%) Games
5 75 (2.81%) Investment Banking
6 58 (2.17%) Advertising
7 48 (1.80%) Front Office
8 35 (1.31%) Telecoms
9 34 (1.27%) Financial Institution
10 25 (0.94%) Marketing
10 25 (0.94%) Military
10 25 (0.94%) Retail Banking
11 23 (0.86%) Law
12 18 (0.67%) Automotive
13 17 (0.64%) Back Office
13 17 (0.64%) Publishing
14 13 (0.49%) Legal
15 9 (0.34%) Online Betting
16 7 (0.26%) Electronics
17 6 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,060 (77.15%) Developer
2 1,903 (71.27%) Java Developer
3 471 (17.64%) Senior Developer
4 437 (16.37%) Senior Java Developer
5 365 (13.67%) Java Engineer
6 292 (10.94%) Software Engineer
7 237 (8.88%) Java Software Engineer
8 126 (4.72%) Lead Developer
9 124 (4.64%) AWS Developer
10 103 (3.86%) Lead Java Developer
11 102 (3.82%) Java Developer - Fintech
12 87 (3.26%) Core Java Developer
13 77 (2.88%) Software Developer
14 76 (2.85%) Full Stack Developer
15 71 (2.66%) Senior Java Engineer
16 69 (2.58%) Agile Developer
16 69 (2.58%) Agile Java Developer
17 68 (2.55%) Architect
18 63 (2.36%) Senior Software Engineer
19 62 (2.32%) Big Data Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,651 (61.84%) Spring
2 802 (30.04%) Spring Boot
3 557 (20.86%) RESTful
4 528 (19.78%) Hibernate
5 473 (17.72%) AngularJS
6 453 (16.97%) Web Services
7 452 (16.93%) REST
8 346 (12.96%) React
9 320 (11.99%) Kafka
10 306 (11.46%) HTML
11 273 (10.22%) Node.js
12 269 (10.07%) CSS
13 138 (5.17%) Java EE
14 132 (4.94%) JSON
15 122 (4.57%) HTML5
16 118 (4.42%) J2EE
16 118 (4.42%) SOAP
17 113 (4.23%) RabbitMQ
18 104 (3.90%) JPA
18 104 (3.90%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 434 (16.25%) Greenfield Project
2 287 (10.75%) Fintech
3 91 (3.41%) Analytical Skills
4 90 (3.37%) User Experience
5 88 (3.30%) Algorithms
6 81 (3.03%) Self-Motivation
7 62 (2.32%) Mobile App
8 54 (2.02%) Data Structures
9 52 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
10 45 (1.69%) Xbox
11 37 (1.39%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 28 (1.05%) Robotics
13 27 (1.01%) Cloud Native
14 23 (0.86%) Fixed Income
15 22 (0.82%) Derivative
16 21 (0.79%) Life Science
17 18 (0.67%) Online Games
17 18 (0.67%) Virtual Team
18 17 (0.64%) Online Banking
19 16 (0.60%) Spread Betting
Operating Systems
1 245 (9.18%) Linux
2 75 (2.81%) Unix
3 28 (1.05%) Android
4 21 (0.79%) Windows
5 20 (0.75%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.15%) Mac OS
6 4 (0.15%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.037%) SUSE
7 1 (0.037%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,832 (68.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,094 (40.97%) TDD
3 1,002 (37.53%) Microservices
4 691 (25.88%) Software Engineering
5 492 (18.43%) DevOps
6 485 (18.16%) Continuous Integration
7 437 (16.37%) Scrum
8 426 (15.96%) BDD
9 253 (9.48%) Open Source
10 239 (8.95%) OO
11 234 (8.76%) SDLC
12 207 (7.75%) Computer Science
13 200 (7.49%) Test Automation
14 195 (7.30%) MVC
15 173 (6.48%) Mentoring
16 167 (6.25%) Problem-Solving
17 157 (5.88%) Multithreading
18 153 (5.73%) Kanban
19 148 (5.54%) Machine Learning
20 141 (5.28%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,665 (99.81%) Java
2 633 (23.71%) JavaScript
3 540 (20.22%) SQL
4 234 (8.76%) Scala
5 219 (8.20%) Python
6 160 (5.99%) Java 9
7 93 (3.48%) PHP
8 89 (3.33%) C#
9 84 (3.15%) Kotlin
10 80 (3.00%) Groovy
11 75 (2.81%) C++
12 70 (2.62%) TypeScript
13 45 (1.69%) C
14 42 (1.57%) ES6
15 39 (1.46%) Ruby
16 36 (1.35%) Clojure
17 23 (0.86%) Go
18 22 (0.82%) PL/SQL
19 21 (0.79%) R
20 17 (0.64%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 289 (10.82%) Degree
2 111 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 76 (2.85%) Security Cleared
4 61 (2.28%) SC Cleared
5 49 (1.84%) PhD
6 25 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
7 15 (0.56%) Master's Degree
8 9 (0.34%) PRINCE2 Certification
9 7 (0.26%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.11%) DBS Check
11 2 (0.075%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.037%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.037%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.037%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 1 (0.037%) Numerate Degree
12 1 (0.037%) OCPJP
12 1 (0.037%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 78 (2.92%) QA
2 10 (0.37%) GDPR
3 8 (0.30%) PMO
4 7 (0.26%) SLA
5 4 (0.15%) MiFID
6 3 (0.11%) PSD2
7 2 (0.075%) SEPA
7 2 (0.075%) WCAG
8 1 (0.037%) EMIR
System Software
1 625 (23.41%) Docker
2 23 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 20 (0.75%) HDFS
4 19 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
7 6 (0.22%) Active Directory
7 6 (0.22%) vSphere
8 3 (0.11%) GridGain
9 2 (0.075%) etcd
10 1 (0.037%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 282 (10.56%) Kubernetes
2 68 (2.55%) Ansible
3 63 (2.36%) Terraform
4 44 (1.65%) Puppet
5 41 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
6 39 (1.46%) Mesos
7 27 (1.01%) Marathon
8 24 (0.90%) Kibana
9 12 (0.45%) CloudHub
10 11 (0.41%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.19%) Packer
12 4 (0.15%) Rancher
12 4 (0.15%) TeamSite
13 3 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
13 3 (0.11%) Istio
14 2 (0.075%) Consul
14 2 (0.075%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.075%) logstash
15 1 (0.037%) linkerd
15 1 (0.037%) Salt
Vendors
1 318 (11.91%) Oracle
2 116 (4.34%) Google
3 72 (2.70%) Splunk
4 53 (1.99%) Microsoft
5 34 (1.27%) IBM
6 30 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
7 29 (1.09%) TIBCO
8 20 (0.75%) VMware
9 19 (0.71%) SAP
10 18 (0.67%) AppDynamics
10 18 (0.67%) Facebook
11 14 (0.52%) NVIDIA
12 13 (0.49%) MuleSoft
12 13 (0.49%) StreamBase
13 12 (0.45%) Sybase
14 11 (0.41%) Adobe
15 10 (0.37%) WSO2
16 8 (0.30%) Solace
17 7 (0.26%) hybris
17 7 (0.26%) Rackspace