Period
to 26 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 26 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
26 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 251 223 190
Rank change year-on-year -28 -33 +59
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 680 2,041 2,992
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.24% 1.50% 1.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.09% 2.79% 3.36%
Number of salaries quoted 689 1,901 2,744
Median annual salary £65,000 £70,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -7.14% +12.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £102,500 £97,500 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £53,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +8.49% +6.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,472 73,043 88,959
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.11% 53.79% 55.24%
Number of salaries quoted 27,809 60,246 74,097
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 26 November 2020.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 26 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 632 £67,500 -3.57% 129
London -32 369 £75,000 - 82
UK excluding London +22 295 £60,000 +4.35% 57
Work from Home -57 114 £63,750 -8.93% 48
South East -3 77 £62,500 - 13
South West +144 71 £60,000 +20.00% 7
North of England -11 58 £47,500 -17.39% 20
Yorkshire +52 36 £47,500 -14.80% 7
Scotland +21 30 £37,500 -25.00% 8
East of England +116 26 £71,250 +23.91% 5
Midlands +108 24 £60,000 +33.33% 2
West Midlands +103 22 £52,500 +10.53% 2
North West -8 20 £70,000 +16.67% 13
Northern Ireland +21 5 £50,000 +11.11% 1
Wales +35 4 £43,750 -2.78% 1
East Midlands +62 2 £65,000 +44.44%
North East - 2 £65,000 -

For the 6 months to 26 November 2020, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 680 (100.00%) Java
2 467 (68.68%) Spring
3 415 (61.03%) Agile Software Development
4 317 (46.62%) Spring Boot
5 312 (45.88%) TDD
6 309 (45.44%) Microservices
7 274 (40.29%) JavaScript
8 196 (28.82%) Docker
9 191 (28.09%) AWS
10 185 (27.21%) Kubernetes
11 180 (26.47%) Software Engineering
12 160 (23.53%) NoSQL
13 158 (23.24%) React
14 157 (23.09%) SQL
15 153 (22.50%) Finance
16 150 (22.06%) AngularJS
17 142 (20.88%) Kafka
17 142 (20.88%) Node.js
17 142 (20.88%) BDD
18 141 (20.74%) REST
19 130 (19.12%) Git (software)
20 127 (18.68%) Scrum
21 118 (17.35%) DevOps
22 115 (16.91%) RESTful
23 109 (16.03%) Multithreading
24 104 (15.29%) Continuous Integration
25 101 (14.85%) Security Cleared
26 96 (14.12%) HTML
26 96 (14.12%) JUnit
27 94 (13.82%) Linux

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 30 (4.41%) Confluence
2 26 (3.82%) Elasticsearch
3 19 (2.79%) Apache
4 14 (2.06%) Apache Spark
5 13 (1.91%) WebSphere
6 10 (1.47%) JBoss
7 9 (1.32%) OpenStack
8 8 (1.18%) GlassFish
8 8 (1.18%) Tomcat
9 5 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 4 (0.59%) Red Hat Fuse
11 2 (0.29%) Apache TomEE
11 2 (0.29%) Camunda
12 1 (0.15%) Apache Solr
12 1 (0.15%) CMS
12 1 (0.15%) Liferay
12 1 (0.15%) WebLogic
Business Applications
1 7 (1.03%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 5 (0.74%) Oracle BPM
2 5 (0.74%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 191 (28.09%) AWS
2 62 (9.12%) Azure
3 31 (4.56%) Serverless
4 25 (3.68%) GitHub
5 23 (3.38%) Amazon ECS
6 20 (2.94%) GCP
6 20 (2.94%) SaaS
7 18 (2.65%) Amazon EKS
8 14 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
9 12 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
10 10 (1.47%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (1.32%) Amazon S3
12 8 (1.18%) Slack
13 7 (1.03%) Amazon EMR
14 6 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
14 6 (0.88%) BrowserStack
14 6 (0.88%) OpenShift
14 6 (0.88%) Sauce Labs
15 5 (0.74%) Amazon SQS
15 5 (0.74%) Boomi
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.18%) HTTP
2 3 (0.44%) Network Security
3 2 (0.29%) WebEx
4 1 (0.15%) DSL
4 1 (0.15%) Internet
4 1 (0.15%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 160 (23.53%) NoSQL
2 58 (8.53%) Relational Database
3 55 (8.09%) PostgreSQL
4 52 (7.65%) Apache Cassandra
5 49 (7.21%) MongoDB
6 35 (5.15%) Big Data
6 35 (5.15%) Hadoop
7 24 (3.53%) Hazelcast
8 19 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 17 (2.50%) MySQL
9 17 (2.50%) Oracle Database
10 16 (2.35%) RDBMS
11 15 (2.21%) Redis
11 15 (2.21%) SQL Server
12 13 (1.91%) Couchbase
13 12 (1.76%) Blockchain
14 11 (1.62%) Oracle Database 12c
15 6 (0.88%) Apache Hive
16 5 (0.74%) Amazon RDS
17 3 (0.44%) Berkeley DB
Development Applications
1 130 (19.12%) Git (software)
2 96 (14.12%) JUnit
3 86 (12.65%) Jenkins
4 81 (11.91%) Mockito
5 70 (10.29%) Maven
6 43 (6.32%) JIRA
7 33 (4.85%) Gradle
8 21 (3.09%) Cucumber
9 20 (2.94%) Bitbucket
10 18 (2.65%) IntelliJ
11 15 (2.21%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 13 (1.91%) Liquibase
12 13 (1.91%) Selenium
12 13 (1.91%) TeamCity
13 12 (1.76%) Ant
14 11 (1.62%) GitLab
14 11 (1.62%) Jasmine
15 10 (1.47%) Karma Test Runner
15 10 (1.47%) Protractor
15 10 (1.47%) Vagrant
General
1 153 (22.50%) Finance
2 72 (10.59%) Banking
3 41 (6.03%) Public Sector
4 26 (3.82%) Investment Banking
5 19 (2.79%) Front Office
6 13 (1.91%) Law
7 12 (1.76%) Games
7 12 (1.76%) Retail
8 9 (1.32%) Advertising
8 9 (1.32%) Manufacturing
8 9 (1.32%) Online Betting
9 8 (1.18%) French Language
9 8 (1.18%) Marketing
10 5 (0.74%) Private Banking
11 4 (0.59%) Back Office
12 3 (0.44%) Financial Institution
12 3 (0.44%) Retail Banking
13 1 (0.15%) Automotive
13 1 (0.15%) Legal
13 1 (0.15%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 530 (77.94%) Developer
2 475 (69.85%) Java Developer
3 116 (17.06%) Senior Developer
4 104 (15.29%) Senior Java Developer
5 84 (12.35%) Java Engineer
6 63 (9.26%) Full Stack Developer
7 62 (9.12%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 49 (7.21%) Software Engineer
9 45 (6.62%) Lead Developer
10 38 (5.59%) Lead Java Developer
11 36 (5.29%) Senior Java Engineer
12 24 (3.53%) Senior Software Engineer
13 20 (2.94%) Java Software Engineer
14 15 (2.21%) Angular Developer
14 15 (2.21%) Software Developer
15 14 (2.06%) AWS Developer
16 13 (1.91%) Digital Developer
16 13 (1.91%) Java Developer - Fintech
16 13 (1.91%) Senior Full Stack Developer
17 12 (1.76%) Blockchain Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 467 (68.68%) Spring
2 317 (46.62%) Spring Boot
3 158 (23.24%) React
4 150 (22.06%) AngularJS
5 142 (20.88%) Kafka
5 142 (20.88%) Node.js
6 141 (20.74%) REST
7 115 (16.91%) RESTful
8 96 (14.12%) HTML
9 86 (12.65%) Hibernate
10 81 (11.91%) JMS
11 59 (8.68%) CSS
12 56 (8.24%) Apache Camel
13 52 (7.65%) Web Services
14 50 (7.35%) Java EE
15 47 (6.91%) J2EE
16 46 (6.76%) HTML5
17 45 (6.62%) JPA
17 45 (6.62%) Spring Integration
18 38 (5.59%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 56 (8.24%) Greenfield Project
2 47 (6.91%) Self-Motivation
3 42 (6.18%) Algorithms
4 34 (5.00%) Fixed Income
5 31 (4.56%) Enterprise Software
6 30 (4.41%) Data Structures
7 29 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
8 28 (4.12%) User Experience
9 21 (3.09%) Mobile App
10 20 (2.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 13 (1.91%) Social Network
12 12 (1.76%) Bitcoin
12 12 (1.76%) Blog
12 12 (1.76%) Social Media
13 11 (1.62%) Media Streaming
13 11 (1.62%) STB
14 10 (1.47%) Cloud Native
14 10 (1.47%) Equities
14 10 (1.47%) Online Games
15 9 (1.32%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 94 (13.82%) Linux
2 25 (3.68%) Unix
3 24 (3.53%) Windows
4 20 (2.94%) Android
4 20 (2.94%) Apple iOS
5 10 (1.47%) VMS
6 3 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.29%) CentOS
8 1 (0.15%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 415 (61.03%) Agile Software Development
2 312 (45.88%) TDD
3 309 (45.44%) Microservices
4 180 (26.47%) Software Engineering
5 142 (20.88%) BDD
6 127 (18.68%) Scrum
7 118 (17.35%) DevOps
8 109 (16.03%) Multithreading
9 104 (15.29%) Continuous Integration
10 87 (12.79%) OO
10 87 (12.79%) Test Automation
11 78 (11.47%) MVC
12 61 (8.97%) Pair Programming
13 58 (8.53%) Fintech
14 57 (8.38%) Open Source
15 54 (7.94%) Domain-Driven Design
16 53 (7.79%) Computer Science
17 51 (7.50%) Unit Testing
18 46 (6.76%) Dependency Injection
19 39 (5.74%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 680 (100.00%) Java
2 274 (40.29%) JavaScript
3 157 (23.09%) SQL
4 64 (9.41%) Python
5 60 (8.82%) Kotlin
6 53 (7.79%) Scala
7 51 (7.50%) TypeScript
8 41 (6.03%) Shell Script
9 36 (5.29%) C
10 28 (4.12%) C++
11 21 (3.09%) C#
12 18 (2.65%) Apple Swift
13 17 (2.50%) PL/SQL
14 11 (1.62%) Objective-C
15 7 (1.03%) PowerShell
16 4 (0.59%) Groovy
16 4 (0.59%) Perl
17 3 (0.44%) ES6
18 2 (0.29%) Bash Shell
18 2 (0.29%) Rust
Qualifications
1 101 (14.85%) Security Cleared
2 91 (13.38%) SC Cleared
3 66 (9.71%) Degree
4 33 (4.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 29 (4.26%) DV Cleared
6 19 (2.79%) Master's Degree
7 4 (0.59%) HND
8 3 (0.44%) ISTQB
8 3 (0.44%) PhD
9 2 (0.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.15%) ISEB
10 1 (0.15%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (3.38%) QA
2 2 (0.29%) MiFID
2 2 (0.29%) NCSC
3 1 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.15%) EMIR
System Software
1 196 (28.82%) Docker
2 2 (0.29%) HDFS
2 2 (0.29%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 185 (27.21%) Kubernetes
2 39 (5.74%) Ansible
3 24 (3.53%) Terraform
4 16 (2.35%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (2.21%) Puppet
6 6 (0.88%) Kibana
7 4 (0.59%) Grafana
7 4 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
8 3 (0.44%) Graphite
9 2 (0.29%) HP Fortify
9 2 (0.29%) Prometheus
10 1 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.15%) logstash
10 1 (0.15%) Rancher
Vendors
1 41 (6.03%) Oracle
2 30 (4.41%) Atlassian
3 21 (3.09%) Google
4 14 (2.06%) Solace
5 11 (1.62%) Microsoft
5 11 (1.62%) WSO2
6 9 (1.32%) Pega
7 8 (1.18%) IBM
8 7 (1.03%) Apple
9 5 (0.74%) MuleSoft
9 5 (0.74%) Talend
9 5 (0.74%) TIBCO
9 5 (0.74%) webMethods
10 4 (0.59%) Red Hat
11 3 (0.44%) Automation Anywhere
11 3 (0.44%) Blue Prism
11 3 (0.44%) Terracotta
11 3 (0.44%) UiPath
12 2 (0.29%) Plumtree
12 2 (0.29%) Splunk