Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 208 227 229
Rank change year-on-year +19 +2 -2
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,510 1,490 2,268
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.67% 1.53% 1.57%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.03% 2.79% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 773 1,205 1,993
10th Percentile £44,000 £42,129 £38,750
25th Percentile £51,250 £50,000 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £62,500 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year +16.00% - +4.17%
75th Percentile £90,000 £78,750 £80,000
90th Percentile £102,500 £88,250 £95,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -3.64% - +4.76%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 49,784 53,389 78,381
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.00% 54.82% 54.27%
Number of salaries quoted 38,666 44,406 64,658
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £41,250 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,263 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +17 1,318 £75,000 +15.38% 233
UK excluding London +69 799 £53,000 -3.64% 131
London -21 669 £80,000 +10.34% 124
Work from Home -90 189 £65,000 -7.14% 83
North of England +3 184 £53,750 -2.27% 33
Midlands +76 129 £47,500 -9.52% 16
South East -42 124 £55,000 -8.33% 35
Scotland +21 117 £47,500 -5.00% 16
South West +46 115 £55,000 +10.00% 16
North West +39 102 £61,250 +11.36% 17
East of England +76 85 £72,500 +38.10% 9
West Midlands +44 67 £40,000 -27.27% 13
East Midlands +40 62 £47,500 - 3
Yorkshire -27 56 £55,000 +10.00% 9
Northern Ireland +23 26 £70,000 -6.67% 2
North East +17 26 £45,345 -9.31% 7
Wales +30 21 £45,000 +12.50% 4

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,508 (99.87%) Java
2 688 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
3 650 (43.05%) Spring
4 627 (41.52%) HTML
5 606 (40.13%) CSS
6 577 (38.21%) Oracle
7 574 (38.01%) HTML5
8 549 (36.36%) Microsoft
9 523 (34.64%) Oracle Certification
10 520 (34.44%) Java SE
11 518 (34.30%) CIW
11 518 (34.30%) OCA
12 451 (29.87%) Microservices
13 435 (28.81%) Web Development
14 416 (27.55%) Cybersecurity
15 407 (26.95%) OCAJ
16 393 (26.03%) Spring Boot
17 391 (25.89%) JavaScript
18 375 (24.83%) TDD
19 354 (23.44%) SQL
20 341 (22.58%) Docker
21 296 (19.60%) AWS
22 262 (17.35%) Software Engineering
23 260 (17.22%) Finance
24 257 (17.02%) C#
25 222 (14.70%) Kubernetes
26 214 (14.17%) Kafka
27 211 (13.97%) REST
28 209 (13.84%) Git (software)
29 208 (13.77%) Python

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
2 47 (3.11%) Confluence
3 34 (2.25%) Tomcat
4 21 (1.39%) Apache Spark
5 18 (1.19%) OpenStack
6 17 (1.13%) Apache Solr
7 15 (0.99%) JBoss
8 13 (0.86%) WebSphere
9 12 (0.79%) Apache
9 12 (0.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 11 (0.73%) CMS
10 11 (0.73%) nginx
11 10 (0.66%) Jupyter
12 6 (0.40%) Jetty
13 5 (0.33%) GlassFish
14 4 (0.26%) Camunda
14 4 (0.26%) Red Hat Fuse
15 3 (0.20%) Alfresco
15 3 (0.20%) Apache Airflow
15 3 (0.20%) Appian
Applications
1 24 (1.59%) Microsoft Office
2 12 (0.79%) InVision
3 1 (0.066%) Adobe XD
Business Applications
1 5 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
2 2 (0.13%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 296 (19.60%) AWS
2 86 (5.70%) Azure
3 77 (5.10%) GCP
4 64 (4.24%) SaaS
5 40 (2.65%) Serverless
6 30 (1.99%) Amazon EC2
7 22 (1.46%) Amazon ECS
8 21 (1.39%) Amazon SQS
8 21 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
9 20 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
10 16 (1.06%) Amazon EKS
10 16 (1.06%) Amazon S3
10 16 (1.06%) IaaS
10 16 (1.06%) PaaS
11 15 (0.99%) Amazon Alexa
12 13 (0.86%) AWS Fargate
12 13 (0.86%) GitHub
13 9 (0.60%) AWS CodeBuild
13 9 (0.60%) AWS CodePipeline
14 7 (0.46%) Amazon Neptune
Communications & Networking
1 8 (0.53%) Internet
2 5 (0.33%) Firewall
2 5 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
2 5 (0.33%) SSH
3 4 (0.26%) HTTP
4 3 (0.20%) Bluetooth
5 2 (0.13%) FTP
5 2 (0.13%) SSL
6 1 (0.066%) Broadband
6 1 (0.066%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.066%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 105 (6.95%) NoSQL
2 94 (6.23%) PostgreSQL
3 93 (6.16%) Relational Database
4 90 (5.96%) MongoDB
5 72 (4.77%) MySQL
6 67 (4.44%) Big Data
7 55 (3.64%) Apache Cassandra
8 40 (2.65%) Hadoop
9 31 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 29 (1.92%) Hazelcast
11 24 (1.59%) Redis
12 22 (1.46%) RDBMS
12 22 (1.46%) SQL Server
13 18 (1.19%) Blockchain
14 14 (0.93%) CockroachDB
15 12 (0.79%) Couchbase
16 11 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
17 7 (0.46%) BigQuery
18 6 (0.40%) Geospatial Data
18 6 (0.40%) Tableau
Development Applications
1 209 (13.84%) Git (software)
2 174 (11.52%) Maven
3 164 (10.86%) Jenkins
4 102 (6.75%) JUnit
5 94 (6.23%) JIRA
6 72 (4.77%) Gradle
7 62 (4.11%) Mockito
8 38 (2.52%) Selenium
9 35 (2.32%) Cucumber
10 31 (2.05%) Artifactory
11 29 (1.92%) Bitbucket
12 28 (1.85%) GitLab
13 27 (1.79%) SonarQube
14 24 (1.59%) Mocha
15 20 (1.32%) IntelliJ
16 19 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 17 (1.13%) Ant
18 13 (0.86%) gulp
19 12 (0.79%) TeamCity
20 11 (0.73%) TestNG
General
1 260 (17.22%) Finance
2 195 (12.91%) Social Skills
3 167 (11.06%) Games
4 156 (10.33%) Banking
5 65 (4.30%) Analytical Skills
6 43 (2.85%) Public Sector
6 43 (2.85%) Retail
7 41 (2.72%) Front Office
8 26 (1.72%) Advertising
9 15 (0.99%) Private Banking
10 14 (0.93%) Online Betting
11 12 (0.79%) Investment Banking
11 12 (0.79%) Telecoms
12 9 (0.60%) Financial Institution
12 9 (0.60%) Law
13 8 (0.53%) Influencing Skills
13 8 (0.53%) Legal
14 7 (0.46%) Publishing
15 5 (0.33%) Billing
15 5 (0.33%) Public Speaking
Job Titles
1 1,135 (75.17%) Developer
2 635 (42.05%) Java Developer
3 518 (34.30%) Trainee
4 407 (26.95%) Trainee Developer
5 271 (17.95%) Trainee Web Developer
5 271 (17.95%) Web Developer
6 215 (14.24%) Full Stack Developer
7 164 (10.86%) Senior Developer
8 152 (10.07%) Java Engineer
9 151 (10.00%) Software Developer
10 136 (9.01%) Full Stack Web Developer
10 136 (9.01%) Trainee Software Developer
11 133 (8.81%) Senior Java Developer
12 116 (7.68%) Tester
13 113 (7.48%) Software Engineer
14 111 (7.35%) Games Tester
14 111 (7.35%) Software Tester
14 111 (7.35%) Trainee Software Tester
14 111 (7.35%) Trainee Tester
15 88 (5.83%) Java Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 650 (43.05%) Spring
2 627 (41.52%) HTML
3 606 (40.13%) CSS
4 574 (38.01%) HTML5
5 520 (34.44%) Java SE
6 393 (26.03%) Spring Boot
7 214 (14.17%) Kafka
8 211 (13.97%) REST
9 185 (12.25%) RESTful
10 179 (11.85%) AngularJS
11 175 (11.59%) Hibernate
12 157 (10.40%) React
13 137 (9.07%) Web Services
14 135 (8.94%) Node.js
15 128 (8.48%) CSS3
16 73 (4.83%) JPA
17 68 (4.50%) SOAP
18 57 (3.77%) JSON
19 53 (3.51%) JMS
20 40 (2.65%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 168 (11.13%) Data Structures
2 79 (5.23%) Algorithms
3 70 (4.64%) Self-Motivation
4 68 (4.50%) Greenfield Project
5 44 (2.91%) Mobile App
6 42 (2.78%) Enterprise Software
7 34 (2.25%) N-Tier
8 29 (1.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 28 (1.85%) Online Games
10 21 (1.39%) Fixed Income
11 20 (1.32%) Equities
12 18 (1.19%) Video\Live Streaming
13 16 (1.06%) Bitcoin
13 16 (1.06%) User Experience
14 15 (0.99%) Derivative
15 14 (0.93%) Blog
15 14 (0.93%) Cloud Native
15 14 (0.93%) Media Streaming
15 14 (0.93%) Social Network
16 13 (0.86%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 89 (5.89%) Linux
2 32 (2.12%) Unix
3 19 (1.26%) Android
4 17 (1.13%) Apple iOS
5 11 (0.73%) Ubuntu
6 7 (0.46%) CentOS
7 2 (0.13%) Debian
7 2 (0.13%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 688 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
2 451 (29.87%) Microservices
3 435 (28.81%) Web Development
4 416 (27.55%) Cybersecurity
5 375 (24.83%) TDD
6 262 (17.35%) Software Engineering
7 204 (13.51%) OO
8 191 (12.65%) DevOps
9 181 (11.99%) Scrum
10 174 (11.52%) Fintech
11 162 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
12 159 (10.53%) OOP
13 150 (9.93%) BDD
14 141 (9.34%) Multithreading
14 141 (9.34%) Test Automation
15 130 (8.61%) Problem-Solving
16 124 (8.21%) Software Testing
17 120 (7.95%) Functional Programming
18 101 (6.69%) Mentoring
19 91 (6.03%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,508 (99.87%) Java
2 391 (25.89%) JavaScript
3 354 (23.44%) SQL
4 257 (17.02%) C#
5 208 (13.77%) Python
6 67 (4.44%) TypeScript
7 61 (4.04%) Kotlin
8 56 (3.71%) Scala
9 32 (2.12%) PL/SQL
10 28 (1.85%) Groovy
11 24 (1.59%) C
12 22 (1.46%) Shell Script
13 20 (1.32%) ES6
14 15 (0.99%) Bash Shell
15 9 (0.60%) C++
16 5 (0.33%) Java 9
16 5 (0.33%) Perl
16 5 (0.33%) PHP
16 5 (0.33%) PowerShell
17 4 (0.26%) Go
Qualifications
1 523 (34.64%) Oracle Certification
2 518 (34.30%) CIW
2 518 (34.30%) OCA
3 407 (26.95%) OCAJ
4 116 (7.68%) OCP
5 90 (5.96%) Degree
6 42 (2.78%) Security Cleared
7 39 (2.58%) SC Cleared
8 30 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
9 24 (1.59%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
10 14 (0.93%) Numerate Degree
11 10 (0.66%) PhD
12 8 (0.53%) DV Cleared
13 5 (0.33%) ISTQB
14 3 (0.20%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 55 (3.64%) QA
2 5 (0.33%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.066%) NCSC
System Software
1 341 (22.58%) Docker
2 7 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.20%) OpenAM
3 3 (0.20%) OpenDJ
4 1 (0.066%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.066%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 222 (14.70%) Kubernetes
2 41 (2.72%) Ansible
3 28 (1.85%) Terraform
4 10 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (0.53%) Puppet
6 5 (0.33%) Prometheus
7 4 (0.26%) Rancher
8 3 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
8 3 (0.20%) Grafana
8 3 (0.20%) Kibana
8 3 (0.20%) TeamSite
9 1 (0.066%) Consul
9 1 (0.066%) Graphite
9 1 (0.066%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 577 (38.21%) Oracle
2 549 (36.36%) Microsoft
3 58 (3.84%) Google
4 46 (3.05%) IBM
5 26 (1.72%) Atlassian
6 16 (1.06%) Splunk
7 14 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
8 12 (0.79%) Pega
9 8 (0.53%) WSO2
10 7 (0.46%) Spotify
11 5 (0.33%) Guidewire
11 5 (0.33%) New Relic
11 5 (0.33%) Solace
12 4 (0.26%) Adobe
12 4 (0.26%) Sony
13 3 (0.20%) ForgeRock
13 3 (0.20%) HP
13 3 (0.20%) OpenText
13 3 (0.20%) Red Hat
13 3 (0.20%) Talend