Period
to 4 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 4 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
4 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 229 232 206
Rank change year-on-year +3 -26 +100
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,147 2,159 3,014
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.45% 1.47% 1.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.62% 2.73% 3.03%
Number of salaries quoted 1,026 2,080 2,783
Median annual salary £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £40,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £57,500 £52,500
% change year-on-year -4.35% +9.52% +5.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,820 79,114 99,550
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.54% 53.89% 56.06%
Number of salaries quoted 36,070 64,840 82,914
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,038
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 4 July 2020.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 4 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 1,069 £65,000 - 86
London +18 673 £72,500 -3.33% 55
UK excluding London +13 470 £55,000 -4.35% 42
South East -16 171 £62,500 -0.79% 5
North of England +34 128 £55,000 - 14
Work from Home -16 101 £70,000 +3.70% 16
Yorkshire +80 63 £50,000 +5.26% 9
North West -4 59 £55,000 - 5
Scotland +92 52 £50,000 +11.11% 7
South West +66 45 £51,593 -10.27% 4
East of England +76 37 £52,500 -8.70% 3
Midlands +68 19 £56,250 +25.00% 5
West Midlands +76 13 £65,000 +36.84% 4
Wales +21 13 £40,000 -5.88% 2
Northern Ireland +21 11 £60,000 +60.00% 2
East Midlands +31 6 £50,000 +25.00% 1
North East - 6 £52,500 -

For the 6 months to 4 July 2020, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,138 (99.22%) Java
2 727 (63.38%) Spring
3 691 (60.24%) Agile Software Development
4 539 (46.99%) Microservices
5 514 (44.81%) TDD
6 433 (37.75%) Spring Boot
7 423 (36.88%) Docker
8 360 (31.39%) AWS
9 357 (31.12%) Software Engineering
10 323 (28.16%) Kubernetes
11 296 (25.81%) JavaScript
12 236 (20.58%) RESTful
13 235 (20.49%) Finance
14 233 (20.31%) Git (software)
15 230 (20.05%) SQL
16 226 (19.70%) React
17 223 (19.44%) AngularJS
18 219 (19.09%) Jenkins
19 200 (17.44%) BDD
20 198 (17.26%) Scrum
20 198 (17.26%) DevOps
21 196 (17.09%) REST
22 189 (16.48%) Hibernate
23 185 (16.13%) Maven
24 152 (13.25%) NoSQL
25 146 (12.73%) Linux
26 141 (12.29%) Test Automation
27 138 (12.03%) Web Services
28 137 (11.94%) Node.js
29 131 (11.42%) HTML

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 36 (3.14%) Tomcat
2 30 (2.62%) Apache Spark
2 30 (2.62%) Elasticsearch
3 28 (2.44%) Apache
3 28 (2.44%) Confluence
4 16 (1.39%) WebSphere
5 15 (1.31%) JBoss
6 11 (0.96%) WildFly
7 9 (0.78%) CMS
8 6 (0.52%) Red Hat Fuse
9 5 (0.44%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 4 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
10 4 (0.35%) GemFire
10 4 (0.35%) Jetty
10 4 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 2 (0.17%) Apache Pulsar
11 2 (0.17%) Camunda
11 2 (0.17%) OpenStack
11 2 (0.17%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.17%) WebSphere Application Server
Business Applications
1 1 (0.087%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.087%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 360 (31.39%) AWS
2 75 (6.54%) Azure
3 42 (3.66%) GCP
4 38 (3.31%) GitHub
5 33 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
5 33 (2.88%) Serverless
6 28 (2.44%) Amazon SQS
7 24 (2.09%) Amazon S3
7 24 (2.09%) SaaS
8 23 (2.01%) AWS Lambda
9 18 (1.57%) PaaS
10 15 (1.31%) IaaS
11 8 (0.70%) Slack
12 7 (0.61%) Amazon ECS
12 7 (0.61%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 7 (0.61%) OpenShift
13 4 (0.35%) Amazon EMR
13 4 (0.35%) npm
14 3 (0.26%) Basecamp
14 3 (0.26%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.62%) HTTP
2 14 (1.22%) Internet
3 7 (0.61%) WebEx
4 6 (0.52%) FTP
4 6 (0.52%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.44%) DNS
6 4 (0.35%) Reverse Proxy
7 2 (0.17%) ATM
7 2 (0.17%) Broadband
7 2 (0.17%) HTTPS
7 2 (0.17%) LAN
7 2 (0.17%) Multicast
7 2 (0.17%) SSL
7 2 (0.17%) VPN
7 2 (0.17%) WAN
8 1 (0.087%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 152 (13.25%) NoSQL
2 102 (8.89%) PostgreSQL
3 99 (8.63%) MongoDB
4 86 (7.50%) Relational Database
5 76 (6.63%) MySQL
6 65 (5.67%) Big Data
7 62 (5.41%) Apache Cassandra
8 49 (4.27%) Hadoop
9 42 (3.66%) SQL Server
10 35 (3.05%) Amazon RDS
11 29 (2.53%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 27 (2.35%) Oracle Database
13 24 (2.09%) RDBMS
14 23 (2.01%) Data Warehouse
15 16 (1.39%) Redis
16 12 (1.05%) Oracle Database 12c
17 11 (0.96%) HBase
18 9 (0.78%) Blockchain
19 8 (0.70%) Couchbase
19 8 (0.70%) NuoDB
Development Applications
1 233 (20.31%) Git (software)
2 219 (19.09%) Jenkins
3 185 (16.13%) Maven
4 102 (8.89%) JUnit
5 77 (6.71%) JIRA
6 58 (5.06%) Gradle
7 46 (4.01%) Cucumber
8 42 (3.66%) Selenium
9 36 (3.14%) Mockito
10 26 (2.27%) Bitbucket
11 20 (1.74%) IntelliJ
11 20 (1.74%) Subversion
12 17 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 15 (1.31%) Ant
13 15 (1.31%) TeamCity
14 14 (1.22%) SonarQube
15 13 (1.13%) GitLab
15 13 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
16 12 (1.05%) Android Studio
17 11 (0.96%) Liquibase
General
1 235 (20.49%) Finance
2 105 (9.15%) Banking
3 45 (3.92%) Public Sector
4 43 (3.75%) Investment Banking
5 41 (3.57%) Games
6 36 (3.14%) Retail
7 23 (2.01%) Front Office
8 16 (1.39%) Financial Institution
9 14 (1.22%) Marketing
10 11 (0.96%) Publishing
11 8 (0.70%) Law
12 6 (0.52%) Back Office
13 5 (0.44%) Advertising
14 3 (0.26%) Manufacturing
14 3 (0.26%) Military
14 3 (0.26%) Music Industry
15 2 (0.17%) Retail Banking
16 1 (0.087%) Electronics
16 1 (0.087%) Legal
16 1 (0.087%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 866 (75.50%) Developer
2 784 (68.35%) Java Developer
3 226 (19.70%) Senior Developer
4 209 (18.22%) Senior Java Developer
5 160 (13.95%) Java Engineer
6 137 (11.94%) Software Engineer
7 102 (8.89%) Java Software Engineer
8 73 (6.36%) Senior Java Engineer
9 72 (6.28%) AWS Developer
10 55 (4.80%) Senior Software Engineer
11 45 (3.92%) Senior Java Software Engineer
12 43 (3.75%) Lead Developer
13 41 (3.57%) Lead Java Developer
14 40 (3.49%) Full Stack Developer
15 37 (3.23%) Junior
16 35 (3.05%) React Developer
17 25 (2.18%) Junior Developer
17 25 (2.18%) Junior Java Developer
18 22 (1.92%) Technical Leader
19 21 (1.83%) Angular Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 727 (63.38%) Spring
2 433 (37.75%) Spring Boot
3 236 (20.58%) RESTful
4 226 (19.70%) React
5 223 (19.44%) AngularJS
6 196 (17.09%) REST
7 189 (16.48%) Hibernate
8 138 (12.03%) Web Services
9 137 (11.94%) Node.js
10 131 (11.42%) HTML
11 116 (10.11%) CSS
11 116 (10.11%) Kafka
12 73 (6.36%) HTML5
13 72 (6.28%) JPA
14 57 (4.97%) JSON
15 55 (4.80%) CSS3
16 35 (3.05%) SOAP
16 35 (3.05%) XML
17 33 (2.88%) JMS
17 33 (2.88%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 115 (10.03%) Greenfield Project
2 57 (4.97%) Self-Motivation
3 41 (3.57%) Analytical Skills
4 37 (3.23%) Data Structures
5 35 (3.05%) Cloud Native
6 30 (2.62%) Algorithms
7 25 (2.18%) User Experience
8 22 (1.92%) Online Games
9 21 (1.83%) Mobile App
10 18 (1.57%) Fixed Income
11 16 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
12 15 (1.31%) Equities
12 15 (1.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 13 (1.13%) Derivative
14 9 (0.78%) Hedge funds
15 7 (0.61%) Blog
15 7 (0.61%) OTC Derivatives
16 6 (0.52%) Bitcoin
16 6 (0.52%) Wiki
17 5 (0.44%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 146 (12.73%) Linux
2 58 (5.06%) Unix
3 51 (4.45%) Mac OS X
4 28 (2.44%) Android
5 25 (2.18%) Apple iOS
6 15 (1.31%) Windows
7 12 (1.05%) CentOS
8 5 (0.44%) Ubuntu
8 5 (0.44%) VMS
9 4 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 3 (0.26%) Debian
11 2 (0.17%) Mac OS
11 2 (0.17%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.087%) AIX
12 1 (0.087%) Solaris
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Embedded Compact
12 1 (0.087%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 691 (60.24%) Agile Software Development
2 539 (46.99%) Microservices
3 514 (44.81%) TDD
4 357 (31.12%) Software Engineering
5 200 (17.44%) BDD
6 198 (17.26%) DevOps
6 198 (17.26%) Scrum
7 141 (12.29%) Test Automation
8 129 (11.25%) Pair Programming
9 127 (11.07%) Continuous Integration
10 117 (10.20%) Problem-Solving
11 112 (9.76%) Fintech
12 109 (9.50%) Kanban
13 106 (9.24%) Open Source
14 101 (8.81%) Multithreading
15 94 (8.20%) Mentoring
16 87 (7.59%) Computer Science
17 85 (7.41%) Front End Development
18 84 (7.32%) OO
19 81 (7.06%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,138 (99.22%) Java
2 296 (25.81%) JavaScript
3 230 (20.05%) SQL
4 102 (8.89%) Kotlin
5 99 (8.63%) Python
6 66 (5.75%) Scala
7 34 (2.96%) TypeScript
8 33 (2.88%) Ruby
9 31 (2.70%) PHP
10 30 (2.62%) C#
11 23 (2.01%) Java 9
12 19 (1.66%) PL/SQL
13 17 (1.48%) Groovy
14 14 (1.22%) C++
14 14 (1.22%) Shell Script
15 13 (1.13%) Apple Swift
16 12 (1.05%) AspectJ
17 10 (0.87%) C
18 9 (0.78%) Haskell
19 8 (0.70%) Go
Qualifications
1 71 (6.19%) Degree
2 67 (5.84%) Security Cleared
3 56 (4.88%) Computer Science Degree
4 37 (3.23%) SC Cleared
5 27 (2.35%) DV Cleared
6 11 (0.96%) Master's Degree
7 3 (0.26%) ISEB
7 3 (0.26%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.087%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 24 (2.09%) QA
2 1 (0.087%) MiFID
2 1 (0.087%) SEPA
System Software
1 423 (36.88%) Docker
2 6 (0.52%) HDFS
3 3 (0.26%) Postfix
4 2 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 323 (28.16%) Kubernetes
2 47 (4.10%) Terraform
3 36 (3.14%) Ansible
4 17 (1.48%) Puppet
5 14 (1.22%) Prometheus
6 13 (1.13%) Marathon
6 13 (1.13%) Mesos
7 9 (0.78%) Grafana
8 7 (0.61%) Istio
8 7 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.35%) Kibana
9 4 (0.35%) logstash
10 1 (0.087%) BladeLogic
10 1 (0.087%) Consul
10 1 (0.087%) Control-M
10 1 (0.087%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.087%) Oozie
10 1 (0.087%) Rancher
Vendors
1 115 (10.03%) Oracle
2 42 (3.66%) Google
3 35 (3.05%) Atlassian
4 13 (1.13%) Splunk
5 12 (1.05%) Zend
6 7 (0.61%) Calypso
7 6 (0.52%) Apple
8 5 (0.44%) Adobe
8 5 (0.44%) Cognizant
8 5 (0.44%) Plumtree
8 5 (0.44%) SAP
9 4 (0.35%) CA Agile Central
10 3 (0.26%) Facebook
10 3 (0.26%) Hortonworks
11 2 (0.17%) ForgeRock
11 2 (0.17%) Red Hat
11 2 (0.17%) Solace
11 2 (0.17%) Sybase
11 2 (0.17%) TIBCO
11 2 (0.17%) WSO2