Period
to 3 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
3 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 246 217 201
Rank change year-on-year -29 -16 +45
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 991 1,861 2,632
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.31% 1.52% 1.76%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.31% 2.82% 3.21%
Number of salaries quoted 934 1,686 2,468
Median annual salary £67,500 £65,000 £62,250
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.85% +4.42% +3.75%
10th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £38,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £95,000 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +10.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,816 66,037 82,088
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.57% 54.05% 54.96%
Number of salaries quoted 35,482 54,938 68,660
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,000 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £88,750 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 3 March 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 3 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -27 882 £70,000 +3.70% 170
London -14 542 £80,000 +10.34% 104
UK excluding London -4 416 £57,500 +4.55% 80
Work from Home -77 174 £65,000 -7.14% 54
South West +83 88 £60,000 +4.35% 7
Scotland +22 77 £47,500 -5.00% 9
South East -46 76 £60,000 - 16
North of England -56 73 £47,500 -13.64% 16
East of England +104 53 £72,500 +34.88% 10
Midlands +49 43 £47,500 -13.64% 15
North West -28 35 £62,500 +13.64% 9
Yorkshire -34 28 £47,500 -13.64% 6
East Midlands +38 26 £47,500 +5.56% 4
West Midlands +41 17 £57,500 -11.54% 11
North East +21 10 £52,500 +16.67% 1
Wales +29 6 £45,000 +2.86% 4
Northern Ireland +7 2 £50,000 -13.04% 3

For the 6 months to 3 March 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 991 (100.00%) Java
2 600 (60.54%) Spring
3 561 (56.61%) Agile Software Development
4 403 (40.67%) Microservices
5 401 (40.46%) Spring Boot
6 390 (39.35%) JavaScript
7 359 (36.23%) TDD
8 282 (28.46%) Docker
9 252 (25.43%) AWS
10 245 (24.72%) Software Engineering
11 240 (24.22%) Finance
12 220 (22.20%) HTML
13 212 (21.39%) Kubernetes
14 198 (19.98%) AngularJS
15 195 (19.68%) Kafka
16 191 (19.27%) SQL
16 191 (19.27%) OO
17 190 (19.17%) Scrum
18 189 (19.07%) Python
19 182 (18.37%) REST
20 174 (17.56%) Git (software)
20 174 (17.56%) CSS
21 173 (17.46%) DevOps
22 161 (16.25%) HTML5
22 161 (16.25%) BDD
23 155 (15.64%) Data Structures
24 147 (14.83%) Oracle
25 144 (14.53%) RESTful
26 143 (14.43%) Multithreading
27 140 (14.13%) Banking

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (5.75%) Elasticsearch
2 41 (4.14%) Confluence
3 20 (2.02%) Tomcat
4 18 (1.82%) Apache Solr
5 16 (1.61%) WebSphere
6 15 (1.51%) OpenStack
7 12 (1.21%) JBoss
7 12 (1.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 11 (1.11%) CMS
9 9 (0.91%) Apache
10 6 (0.61%) Apache Spark
11 5 (0.50%) Camunda
11 5 (0.50%) GlassFish
11 5 (0.50%) nginx
11 5 (0.50%) Red Hat Fuse
12 3 (0.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 3 (0.30%) Alfresco
12 3 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
12 3 (0.30%) Jupyter
12 3 (0.30%) Liferay
Applications
1 18 (1.82%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (0.91%) InVision
Business Applications
1 5 (0.50%) Payment Gateway
2 4 (0.40%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 3 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
4 2 (0.20%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 252 (25.43%) AWS
2 78 (7.87%) Azure
3 39 (3.94%) GCP
4 38 (3.83%) SaaS
5 35 (3.53%) Serverless
6 28 (2.83%) Amazon ECS
7 22 (2.22%) Amazon EKS
8 21 (2.12%) Amazon EC2
8 21 (2.12%) Cloud Computing
9 17 (1.72%) GitHub
10 14 (1.41%) IaaS
10 14 (1.41%) PaaS
11 13 (1.31%) Amazon Alexa
11 13 (1.31%) Amazon SQS
11 13 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
12 11 (1.11%) Amazon S3
13 7 (0.71%) AWS Fargate
13 7 (0.71%) BrowserStack
13 7 (0.71%) Sauce Labs
14 6 (0.61%) Algolia
Communications & Networking
1 3 (0.30%) Bluetooth
1 3 (0.30%) Internet
1 3 (0.30%) Network Security
2 2 (0.20%) HTTP
3 1 (0.10%) DSL
3 1 (0.10%) FTP
3 1 (0.10%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 106 (10.70%) NoSQL
2 89 (8.98%) Relational Database
3 72 (7.27%) PostgreSQL
4 66 (6.66%) MongoDB
5 52 (5.25%) MySQL
6 42 (4.24%) Apache Cassandra
6 42 (4.24%) Hazelcast
7 38 (3.83%) Big Data
8 25 (2.52%) Hadoop
9 23 (2.32%) RDBMS
10 22 (2.22%) Blockchain
11 21 (2.12%) Redis
11 21 (2.12%) SQL Server
12 14 (1.41%) Couchbase
13 13 (1.31%) Oracle Database
14 11 (1.11%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 8 (0.81%) Amazon RDS
16 6 (0.61%) Endeca
17 5 (0.50%) DB2
17 5 (0.50%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 174 (17.56%) Git (software)
2 128 (12.92%) Jenkins
3 115 (11.60%) Maven
4 91 (9.18%) JUnit
5 70 (7.06%) Mockito
6 65 (6.56%) Gradle
7 64 (6.46%) JIRA
8 25 (2.52%) Cucumber
9 24 (2.42%) Bitbucket
10 23 (2.32%) Artifactory
10 23 (2.32%) IntelliJ
10 23 (2.32%) Selenium
11 19 (1.92%) SonarQube
12 18 (1.82%) Mocha
13 16 (1.61%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 14 (1.41%) Ant
15 12 (1.21%) Protractor
16 11 (1.11%) Liquibase
17 10 (1.01%) GitLab
17 10 (1.01%) Karma Test Runner
General
1 240 (24.22%) Finance
2 140 (14.13%) Banking
3 129 (13.02%) Games
4 55 (5.55%) Public Sector
5 42 (4.24%) Front Office
6 26 (2.62%) Retail
7 22 (2.22%) Investment Banking
8 21 (2.12%) Online Betting
9 13 (1.31%) Private Banking
10 10 (1.01%) Law
11 8 (0.81%) French Language
12 6 (0.61%) Advertising
12 6 (0.61%) Manufacturing
13 5 (0.50%) Financial Institution
14 3 (0.30%) Back Office
14 3 (0.30%) Marketing
14 3 (0.30%) Music Industry
15 2 (0.20%) Legal
16 1 (0.10%) Aerospace
16 1 (0.10%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 685 (69.12%) Developer
2 621 (62.66%) Java Developer
3 147 (14.83%) Senior Developer
4 130 (13.12%) Senior Java Developer
5 114 (11.50%) Java Engineer
6 94 (9.49%) Tester
7 91 (9.18%) Games Tester
7 91 (9.18%) Software Tester
7 91 (9.18%) Trainee
7 91 (9.18%) Trainee Software Tester
7 91 (9.18%) Trainee Tester
8 87 (8.78%) Software Engineer
9 77 (7.77%) Full Stack Developer
10 49 (4.94%) Java Software Engineer
11 42 (4.24%) Senior Java Engineer
12 38 (3.83%) Senior Software Engineer
13 35 (3.53%) Lead Developer
14 30 (3.03%) Lead Java Developer
15 26 (2.62%) Angular Developer
16 25 (2.52%) Java Developer - Fintech
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 600 (60.54%) Spring
2 401 (40.46%) Spring Boot
3 220 (22.20%) HTML
4 198 (19.98%) AngularJS
5 195 (19.68%) Kafka
6 182 (18.37%) REST
7 174 (17.56%) CSS
8 161 (16.25%) HTML5
9 144 (14.53%) RESTful
10 139 (14.03%) React
11 129 (13.02%) Node.js
12 125 (12.61%) Hibernate
13 105 (10.60%) Web Services
14 104 (10.49%) Java SE
15 101 (10.19%) CSS3
16 57 (5.75%) JPA
17 55 (5.55%) J2EE
18 48 (4.84%) JMS
19 47 (4.74%) SOAP
20 42 (4.24%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 155 (15.64%) Data Structures
2 85 (8.58%) Greenfield Project
3 80 (8.07%) Algorithms
4 65 (6.56%) Self-Motivation
5 57 (5.75%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (5.45%) Enterprise Software
7 39 (3.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 33 (3.33%) Fixed Income
9 31 (3.13%) User Experience
10 30 (3.03%) Mobile App
11 27 (2.72%) N-Tier
12 25 (2.52%) Online Games
13 22 (2.22%) Bitcoin
13 22 (2.22%) Media Streaming
14 21 (2.12%) Social Network
15 20 (2.02%) Over-the-Top Content
16 16 (1.61%) Equities
17 15 (1.51%) Cloud Native
18 14 (1.41%) Derivative
19 10 (1.01%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 102 (10.29%) Linux
2 27 (2.72%) Unix
3 19 (1.92%) Android
4 18 (1.82%) Apple iOS
5 14 (1.41%) Windows
6 8 (0.81%) CentOS
7 6 (0.61%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.20%) Debian
8 2 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 1 (0.10%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 561 (56.61%) Agile Software Development
2 403 (40.67%) Microservices
3 359 (36.23%) TDD
4 245 (24.72%) Software Engineering
5 191 (19.27%) OO
6 190 (19.17%) Scrum
7 173 (17.46%) DevOps
8 161 (16.25%) BDD
9 143 (14.43%) Multithreading
10 127 (12.82%) Continuous Integration
11 126 (12.71%) Fintech
11 126 (12.71%) OOP
12 109 (11.00%) Test Automation
13 94 (9.49%) Functional Programming
14 81 (8.17%) Unit Testing
15 71 (7.16%) MVC
16 69 (6.96%) Computer Science
16 69 (6.96%) Problem-Solving
17 65 (6.56%) Kanban
18 62 (6.26%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 991 (100.00%) Java
2 390 (39.35%) JavaScript
3 191 (19.27%) SQL
4 189 (19.07%) Python
5 117 (11.81%) C#
6 67 (6.76%) Kotlin
6 67 (6.76%) Scala
7 65 (6.56%) TypeScript
8 40 (4.04%) C
9 32 (3.23%) PL/SQL
10 31 (3.13%) Shell Script
11 30 (3.03%) C++
12 19 (1.92%) Groovy
13 13 (1.31%) Apple Swift
14 8 (0.81%) ES6
15 7 (0.71%) Bash Shell
16 6 (0.61%) Objective-C
17 5 (0.50%) Go
18 4 (0.40%) Perl
18 4 (0.40%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 95 (9.59%) OCP
1 95 (9.59%) Oracle Certification
2 91 (9.18%) CIW
2 91 (9.18%) OCA
3 88 (8.88%) Degree
4 66 (6.66%) Security Cleared
5 58 (5.85%) SC Cleared
6 23 (2.32%) Computer Science Degree
7 19 (1.92%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 16 (1.61%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.91%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.40%) HND
10 4 (0.40%) PhD
11 3 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.20%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.10%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.94%) QA
2 2 (0.20%) NCSC
2 2 (0.20%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.10%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.10%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 282 (28.46%) Docker
2 1 (0.10%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1 (0.10%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 212 (21.39%) Kubernetes
2 35 (3.53%) Ansible
3 29 (2.93%) Terraform
4 15 (1.51%) Puppet
5 11 (1.11%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (0.40%) Grafana
6 4 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
6 4 (0.40%) Rancher
7 3 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
7 3 (0.30%) Graphite
7 3 (0.30%) Kibana
7 3 (0.30%) TeamSite
8 1 (0.10%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 147 (14.83%) Oracle
2 118 (11.91%) Microsoft
3 41 (4.14%) Google
4 38 (3.83%) Atlassian
5 32 (3.23%) IBM
6 15 (1.51%) Solace
7 13 (1.31%) WSO2
8 12 (1.21%) Pega
9 10 (1.01%) Salesforce.com
10 9 (0.91%) Splunk
11 8 (0.81%) Talend
12 6 (0.61%) Red Hat
13 5 (0.50%) Apple
13 5 (0.50%) MuleSoft
13 5 (0.50%) TIBCO
13 5 (0.50%) webMethods
14 3 (0.30%) Adobe
14 3 (0.30%) HP
14 3 (0.30%) New Relic
14 3 (0.30%) OpenText