Period
to 16 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 16 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
16 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 211 199 245
Rank change year-on-year -12 +46 +114
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,889 2,688 2,559
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.54% 1.79% 1.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.85% 3.25% 2.61%
Number of salaries quoted 1,547 2,354 2,200
UK median annual salary £67,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.20% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £41,250
90th Percentile £95,000 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% +3.09%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 66,360 82,771 98,011
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.20% 54.97% 55.67%
Number of salaries quoted 54,790 68,434 82,370
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 16 February 2020.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 16 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -17 1,786 £70,000 +12.00% 388
London +15 1,154 £75,000 +7.14% 257
UK excluding London -42 725 £55,000 - 160
South East -35 301 £60,000 +1.69% 42
North of England -6 216 £55,000 +10.00% 41
North West -3 117 £55,000 - 16
Yorkshire 0 94 £57,500 +21.05% 23
Scotland +64 87 £50,000 +5.26% 15
Midlands +3 44 £55,000 - 11
South West -69 41 £57,500 - 18
East of England -2 28 £53,750 -4.87% 19
West Midlands +25 22 £65,000 +18.18% 9
East Midlands +6 22 £45,000 - 2
Wales -12 9 £42,500 +6.25% 10
Northern Ireland +3 5 £62,500 +25.00% 5
North East -1 5 £45,000 - 2

For the 6 months to 16 February 2020, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,876 (99.31%) Java
2 1,200 (63.53%) Agile Software Development
3 1,145 (60.61%) Spring
4 896 (47.43%) Microservices
5 767 (40.60%) TDD
6 665 (35.20%) Spring Boot
7 638 (33.77%) Docker
8 597 (31.60%) Software Engineering
9 595 (31.50%) AWS
10 527 (27.90%) JavaScript
11 465 (24.62%) Git (software)
12 452 (23.93%) Kubernetes
13 433 (22.92%) RESTful
14 420 (22.23%) DevOps
15 413 (21.86%) Finance
16 383 (20.28%) Maven
17 375 (19.85%) Scrum
18 371 (19.64%) Jenkins
19 357 (18.90%) SQL
20 355 (18.79%) AngularJS
20 355 (18.79%) React
21 352 (18.63%) Hibernate
22 344 (18.21%) REST
23 307 (16.25%) BDD
24 267 (14.13%) JUnit
25 266 (14.08%) Kafka
26 253 (13.39%) Web Services
27 251 (13.29%) Continuous Integration
28 248 (13.13%) CSS
29 247 (13.08%) Test Automation

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 74 (3.92%) Tomcat
2 43 (2.28%) Apache Spark
2 43 (2.28%) Confluence
3 34 (1.80%) JBoss
4 33 (1.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 33 (1.75%) Apache
5 28 (1.48%) Elasticsearch
6 22 (1.16%) CMS
7 17 (0.90%) WebSphere
8 15 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
8 15 (0.79%) Headless CMS
9 12 (0.64%) WildFly
10 11 (0.58%) Apache Solr
11 9 (0.48%) Mule
12 7 (0.37%) Camunda
12 7 (0.37%) GemFire
12 7 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 5 (0.26%) nginx
13 5 (0.26%) WebLogic
14 4 (0.21%) GlassFish
Applications
1 8 (0.42%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 16 (0.85%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.053%) ION MarketView
2 1 (0.053%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 595 (31.50%) AWS
2 102 (5.40%) Azure
3 78 (4.13%) Serverless
4 76 (4.02%) GCP
5 66 (3.49%) GitHub
6 60 (3.18%) SaaS
7 59 (3.12%) Amazon EC2
8 51 (2.70%) Amazon S3
9 50 (2.65%) Amazon SQS
10 43 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
11 32 (1.69%) PaaS
12 24 (1.27%) Basecamp
13 23 (1.22%) IaaS
14 18 (0.95%) Apigee
15 15 (0.79%) Boomi
16 14 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
17 11 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
18 8 (0.42%) CloudFront
19 7 (0.37%) Amazon ECS
19 7 (0.37%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 17 (0.90%) HTTP
2 9 (0.48%) Internet
3 6 (0.32%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.26%) AMQP
5 4 (0.21%) ATM
5 4 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
5 4 (0.21%) Skype
6 3 (0.16%) Multicast
7 2 (0.11%) Broadband
8 1 (0.053%) DNS
8 1 (0.053%) SAN
8 1 (0.053%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 179 (9.48%) NoSQL
2 177 (9.37%) PostgreSQL
3 151 (7.99%) Big Data
4 147 (7.78%) MySQL
5 129 (6.83%) Relational Database
6 124 (6.56%) MongoDB
7 98 (5.19%) SQL Server
8 60 (3.18%) Apache Cassandra
9 46 (2.44%) Amazon RDS
10 44 (2.33%) Oracle Database
11 40 (2.12%) RDBMS
12 33 (1.75%) Redis
13 32 (1.69%) Data Warehouse
14 31 (1.64%) Hadoop
15 24 (1.27%) Oracle Database 12c
16 23 (1.22%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 18 (0.95%) Blockchain
18 14 (0.74%) Couchbase
18 14 (0.74%) DB2
19 11 (0.58%) Geospatial Data
Development Applications
1 465 (24.62%) Git (software)
2 383 (20.28%) Maven
3 371 (19.64%) Jenkins
4 267 (14.13%) JUnit
5 146 (7.73%) JIRA
6 118 (6.25%) Gradle
7 101 (5.35%) Selenium
8 80 (4.24%) Cucumber
8 80 (4.24%) Mockito
9 66 (3.49%) TeamCity
10 47 (2.49%) Ant
11 44 (2.33%) Subversion
12 39 (2.06%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 39 (2.06%) Gatling
13 37 (1.96%) Eclipse
14 35 (1.85%) Bitbucket
15 31 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
16 29 (1.54%) Android Studio
17 25 (1.32%) IntelliJ
17 25 (1.32%) Liquibase
General
1 413 (21.86%) Finance
2 159 (8.42%) Banking
3 79 (4.18%) Retail
4 62 (3.28%) Games
5 49 (2.59%) Public Sector
6 45 (2.38%) Front Office
7 31 (1.64%) Marketing
8 29 (1.54%) Investment Banking
9 24 (1.27%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.79%) Law
11 11 (0.58%) Advertising
12 10 (0.53%) Manufacturing
13 9 (0.48%) Back Office
14 6 (0.32%) Retail Banking
15 5 (0.26%) Publishing
16 2 (0.11%) French Language
16 2 (0.11%) Military
16 2 (0.11%) Music Industry
16 2 (0.11%) Online Betting
17 1 (0.053%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,402 (74.22%) Developer
2 1,271 (67.28%) Java Developer
3 437 (23.13%) Senior Developer
4 397 (21.02%) Senior Java Developer
5 274 (14.51%) Software Engineer
6 262 (13.87%) Java Engineer
7 208 (11.01%) Java Software Engineer
8 102 (5.40%) Senior Software Engineer
9 95 (5.03%) Senior Java Engineer
10 83 (4.39%) Senior Java Software Engineer
11 82 (4.34%) AWS Developer
12 68 (3.60%) Lead Developer
13 65 (3.44%) Lead Java Developer
14 63 (3.34%) Full Stack Developer
15 61 (3.23%) Technical Leader
16 57 (3.02%) Software Developer
17 55 (2.91%) Junior
18 36 (1.91%) Java Software Developer
19 34 (1.80%) Junior Developer
20 32 (1.69%) Junior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,145 (60.61%) Spring
2 665 (35.20%) Spring Boot
3 433 (22.92%) RESTful
4 355 (18.79%) AngularJS
4 355 (18.79%) React
5 352 (18.63%) Hibernate
6 344 (18.21%) REST
7 266 (14.08%) Kafka
8 253 (13.39%) Web Services
9 248 (13.13%) CSS
10 246 (13.02%) HTML
11 239 (12.65%) Node.js
12 143 (7.57%) HTML5
13 108 (5.72%) JSON
14 106 (5.61%) JPA
15 101 (5.35%) CSS3
16 94 (4.98%) J2EE
17 85 (4.50%) jQuery
18 78 (4.13%) JMS
19 65 (3.44%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 233 (12.33%) Greenfield Project
2 72 (3.81%) User Experience
3 70 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 64 (3.39%) Algorithms
5 60 (3.18%) Data Structures
6 50 (2.65%) Mobile App
7 49 (2.59%) Cloud Native
8 45 (2.38%) Self-Motivation
9 40 (2.12%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 39 (2.06%) Fixed Income
11 35 (1.85%) iPad
12 29 (1.54%) Equities
13 25 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
14 18 (0.95%) Robotics
14 18 (0.95%) Virtual Team
15 17 (0.90%) Online Games
16 15 (0.79%) Derivative
17 12 (0.64%) Bitcoin
17 12 (0.64%) Online Banking
18 11 (0.58%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 195 (10.32%) Linux
2 93 (4.92%) Mac OS X
3 82 (4.34%) Android
4 75 (3.97%) Unix
5 70 (3.71%) Apple iOS
6 43 (2.28%) Windows
7 20 (1.06%) CentOS
8 8 (0.42%) Embedded Linux
8 8 (0.42%) Windows 7
8 8 (0.42%) Windows 8
9 5 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.16%) Debian
11 1 (0.053%) VMS
11 1 (0.053%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,200 (63.53%) Agile Software Development
2 896 (47.43%) Microservices
3 767 (40.60%) TDD
4 597 (31.60%) Software Engineering
5 420 (22.23%) DevOps
6 375 (19.85%) Scrum
7 307 (16.25%) BDD
8 251 (13.29%) Continuous Integration
9 247 (13.08%) Test Automation
10 230 (12.18%) Fintech
11 206 (10.91%) OO
12 199 (10.53%) Mentoring
13 160 (8.47%) Pair Programming
14 157 (8.31%) Multithreading
14 157 (8.31%) Open Source
15 156 (8.26%) Kanban
16 148 (7.83%) Continuous Deployment
16 148 (7.83%) Problem-Solving
17 145 (7.68%) SDLC
18 121 (6.41%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,876 (99.31%) Java
2 527 (27.90%) JavaScript
3 357 (18.90%) SQL
4 173 (9.16%) Python
5 167 (8.84%) Kotlin
6 116 (6.14%) Scala
7 80 (4.24%) Ruby
8 76 (4.02%) C#
9 66 (3.49%) PHP
10 58 (3.07%) TypeScript
11 46 (2.44%) Java 9
12 41 (2.17%) Apple Swift
13 39 (2.06%) Groovy
14 33 (1.75%) PL/SQL
15 27 (1.43%) ES6
16 21 (1.11%) AspectJ
16 21 (1.11%) C++
17 19 (1.01%) C
18 18 (0.95%) Shell Script
19 15 (0.79%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 128 (6.78%) Degree
2 73 (3.86%) Security Cleared
3 66 (3.49%) Computer Science Degree
4 37 (1.96%) SC Cleared
5 18 (0.95%) DV Cleared
6 14 (0.74%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.42%) AWS Certification
8 7 (0.37%) CIW
8 7 (0.37%) OCA
8 7 (0.37%) Oracle Certification
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 1 (0.053%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 79 (4.18%) QA
2 10 (0.53%) PCI DSS
3 5 (0.26%) GDPR
4 4 (0.21%) SEPA
System Software
1 638 (33.77%) Docker
2 10 (0.53%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.21%) HDFS
3 4 (0.21%) OpenAM
3 4 (0.21%) OpenDJ
3 4 (0.21%) OpenIDM
4 2 (0.11%) Postfix
5 1 (0.053%) Varnish
5 1 (0.053%) vCloud
5 1 (0.053%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 452 (23.93%) Kubernetes
2 75 (3.97%) Terraform
3 58 (3.07%) Ansible
4 52 (2.75%) Mesos
5 50 (2.65%) Marathon
6 25 (1.32%) Kibana
7 24 (1.27%) Puppet
8 22 (1.16%) Istio
9 19 (1.01%) Opscode Chef
10 15 (0.79%) Knative
10 15 (0.79%) Salt
11 10 (0.53%) Control-M
11 10 (0.53%) Grafana
12 9 (0.48%) Rancher
13 8 (0.42%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.32%) BladeLogic
15 2 (0.11%) Docker Swarm
15 2 (0.11%) logstash
16 1 (0.053%) Oozie
Vendors
1 202 (10.69%) Oracle
2 75 (3.97%) Google
3 53 (2.81%) Splunk
4 50 (2.65%) Atlassian
4 50 (2.65%) SAP
5 43 (2.28%) Adobe
6 34 (1.80%) Salesforce.com
7 26 (1.38%) Facebook
8 21 (1.11%) Zend
9 16 (0.85%) Demandware
9 16 (0.85%) hybris
9 16 (0.85%) MuleSoft
10 15 (0.79%) Dell
10 15 (0.79%) Dynatrace
10 15 (0.79%) IBM
10 15 (0.79%) New Relic
11 13 (0.69%) AppDynamics
12 10 (0.53%) TIBCO
13 9 (0.48%) Microsoft
14 7 (0.37%) Solace