Period
to 25 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
25 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 202 301 615
Rank change year-on-year +99 +314 +526
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,928 1,913 868
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.68% 1.10% 0.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.00% 2.00% 0.83%
Number of salaries quoted 2,580 1,620 779
UK median annual salary £61,000 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.67% - +14.29%
10th Percentile £40,000 £36,250 £38,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £81,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +15.29%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 97,603 95,730 104,509
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.09% 55.28% 52.15%
Number of salaries quoted 81,227 80,792 90,280
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,133 £40,000
% change year-on-year +6.81% +5.33% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 25 June 2018.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 25 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +101 2,821 £62,500 +4.17% 460
London +100 1,745 £67,500 +3.85% 265
UK excluding London +55 1,160 £52,500 +5.00% 216
South East +113 472 £55,000 -8.33% 59
North of England +34 303 £47,500 - 73
North West +2 154 £49,000 +3.16% 40
Yorkshire +37 136 £47,500 -5.00% 32
Midlands +41 126 £55,000 +22.22% 17
South West +1 91 £55,000 +22.22% 18
East of England -14 90 £50,000 - 28
West Midlands +68 87 £53,250 +18.33% 11
Scotland -25 50 £50,000 +25.00% 12
East Midlands -8 39 £70,000 +64.71% 6
Wales +42 32 £40,000 -15.79% 8
North East -9 13 £60,000 +55.84% 1
Northern Ireland +2 3 £57,500 -11.54% 1

For the 6 months to 25 June 2018, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,899 (99.01%) Java
2 1,989 (67.93%) Agile Software Development
3 1,874 (64.00%) Spring
4 1,363 (46.55%) TDD
5 1,035 (35.35%) Microservices
6 874 (29.85%) Software Engineering
7 809 (27.63%) JavaScript
8 779 (26.61%) Hibernate
9 757 (25.85%) Finance
10 745 (25.44%) Spring Boot
11 713 (24.35%) SQL
12 681 (23.26%) Scrum
13 679 (23.19%) Amazon AWS
14 612 (20.90%) DevOps
15 607 (20.73%) BDD
16 586 (20.01%) REST
17 583 (19.91%) AngularJS
18 549 (18.75%) Docker
19 544 (18.58%) RESTful
20 543 (18.55%) Git (software)
21 536 (18.31%) Maven
22 529 (18.07%) Web Services
23 516 (17.62%) NoSQL
24 478 (16.33%) Jenkins
24 478 (16.33%) HTML
25 431 (14.72%) Continuous Integration
26 428 (14.62%) Scala
27 426 (14.55%) CSS
28 405 (13.83%) Linux
29 392 (13.39%) Oracle

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 238 (8.13%) Tomcat
2 226 (7.72%) Elasticsearch
3 163 (5.57%) Apache Spark
4 108 (3.69%) JBoss
5 105 (3.59%) Confluence
6 80 (2.73%) Apache
7 70 (2.39%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 67 (2.29%) Mule
9 56 (1.91%) CMS
10 51 (1.74%) Cloud Foundry
11 43 (1.47%) WildFly
12 40 (1.37%) WebSphere
13 37 (1.26%) Apache Solr
14 34 (1.16%) WebLogic
15 26 (0.89%) Jetty
16 25 (0.85%) OpenStack
17 16 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 13 (0.44%) nginx
19 11 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
20 10 (0.34%) GlassFish
Applications
1 7 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
2 5 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.10%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.10%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.10%) Photoshop
5 2 (0.068%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.034%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 19 (0.65%) Payment Gateway
2 11 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 5 (0.17%) Actimize
3 5 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
4 4 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.034%) JDE OneWorld
5 1 (0.034%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 679 (23.19%) Amazon AWS
2 177 (6.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 138 (4.71%) GitHub
4 87 (2.97%) Google Cloud Platform
5 50 (1.71%) PaaS
5 50 (1.71%) Slack
6 47 (1.61%) IaaS
7 44 (1.50%) Serverless
8 32 (1.09%) SaaS
9 28 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
10 24 (0.82%) Amazon EC2
11 22 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
11 22 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
12 13 (0.44%) OpenShift
13 12 (0.41%) IBM Cloud
14 10 (0.34%) Google App Engine
15 9 (0.31%) Amazon S3
15 9 (0.31%) npm
16 8 (0.27%) AWS CloudFormation
16 8 (0.27%) Stackdriver
Communications & Networking
1 46 (1.57%) HTTP
2 28 (0.96%) Internet
3 25 (0.85%) AMQP
4 11 (0.38%) SMS
5 10 (0.34%) SMTP
6 6 (0.20%) NGN
7 4 (0.14%) DSL
8 3 (0.10%) FTP
8 3 (0.10%) VoIP
9 2 (0.068%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.068%) SSH
9 2 (0.068%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.034%) DNS
10 1 (0.034%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (0.034%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.034%) OpenVPN
10 1 (0.034%) Skype
10 1 (0.034%) Unified Communications
10 1 (0.034%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 516 (17.62%) NoSQL
2 353 (12.06%) MongoDB
3 313 (10.69%) MySQL
4 252 (8.61%) Relational Database
5 238 (8.13%) Big Data
6 209 (7.14%) Apache Cassandra
7 172 (5.87%) Hadoop
8 167 (5.70%) SQL Server
9 156 (5.33%) PostgreSQL
10 138 (4.71%) RDBMS
11 110 (3.76%) Redis
12 109 (3.72%) Blockchain
13 75 (2.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 62 (2.12%) DB2
15 55 (1.88%) Oracle Database
16 51 (1.74%) Neo4j
17 31 (1.06%) HBase
18 23 (0.79%) Riak
19 21 (0.72%) Couchbase
19 21 (0.72%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 543 (18.55%) Git (software)
2 536 (18.31%) Maven
3 478 (16.33%) Jenkins
4 365 (12.47%) JUnit
5 265 (9.05%) Gradle
6 208 (7.10%) JIRA
7 170 (5.81%) Selenium
8 164 (5.60%) Cucumber
9 92 (3.14%) Mockito
10 88 (3.01%) Eclipse
11 86 (2.94%) Subversion
12 78 (2.66%) IntelliJ
13 75 (2.56%) Ant
14 64 (2.19%) Sonatype Nexus
15 56 (1.91%) Mocha
16 53 (1.81%) Babel
17 52 (1.78%) SonarQube
18 34 (1.16%) TeamCity
19 33 (1.13%) Protractor
19 33 (1.13%) Vagrant
General
1 757 (25.85%) Finance
2 381 (13.01%) Banking
3 214 (7.31%) Games
4 187 (6.39%) Retail
5 143 (4.88%) Investment Banking
6 86 (2.94%) Front Office
7 83 (2.83%) Advertising
8 69 (2.36%) Financial Institution
9 36 (1.23%) Retail Banking
10 35 (1.20%) Telecoms
11 33 (1.13%) Marketing
12 29 (0.99%) Publishing
13 25 (0.85%) Law
14 21 (0.72%) Back Office
14 21 (0.72%) Online Betting
15 12 (0.41%) Manufacturing
16 11 (0.38%) Electronics
17 7 (0.24%) Legal
18 6 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
19 5 (0.17%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,138 (73.02%) Developer
2 1,920 (65.57%) Java Developer
3 651 (22.23%) Senior Developer
4 615 (21.00%) Senior Java Developer
5 495 (16.91%) Java Engineer
6 448 (15.30%) Software Engineer
7 355 (12.12%) Java Software Engineer
8 161 (5.50%) Lead Developer
9 141 (4.82%) Lead Java Developer
10 140 (4.78%) Senior Java Engineer
11 126 (4.30%) AWS Developer
12 117 (4.00%) Senior Software Engineer
13 110 (3.76%) Java Software Developer
14 109 (3.72%) Agile Developer
14 109 (3.72%) Agile Java Developer
15 108 (3.69%) Java Developer - Fintech
16 104 (3.55%) Software Developer
17 97 (3.31%) Senior Java Software Engineer
18 86 (2.94%) Technical Leader
19 85 (2.90%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,874 (64.00%) Spring
2 779 (26.61%) Hibernate
3 745 (25.44%) Spring Boot
4 586 (20.01%) REST
5 583 (19.91%) AngularJS
6 544 (18.58%) RESTful
7 529 (18.07%) Web Services
8 478 (16.33%) HTML
9 426 (14.55%) CSS
10 371 (12.67%) React
11 319 (10.89%) Node.js
12 294 (10.04%) Kafka
13 268 (9.15%) Java EE
14 248 (8.47%) J2EE
15 226 (7.72%) HTML5
16 212 (7.24%) JPA
17 164 (5.60%) JSON
18 161 (5.50%) RabbitMQ
19 133 (4.54%) jQuery
20 127 (4.34%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 377 (12.88%) Greenfield Project
2 311 (10.62%) Fintech
3 299 (10.21%) Computer Science
4 154 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
5 122 (4.17%) Mobile App
6 103 (3.52%) Self-Motivation
7 101 (3.45%) Algorithms
8 94 (3.21%) User Experience
9 90 (3.07%) Data Structures
9 90 (3.07%) Enterprise Software
10 71 (2.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 43 (1.47%) Hedge funds
12 42 (1.43%) Online Games
13 41 (1.40%) Cyberthreat
13 41 (1.40%) Derivative
14 31 (1.06%) Equities
14 31 (1.06%) Online Gambling
15 30 (1.02%) Xbox
16 24 (0.82%) Bitcoin
17 22 (0.75%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 405 (13.83%) Linux
2 122 (4.17%) Unix
3 53 (1.81%) Android
4 51 (1.74%) Apple iOS
5 21 (0.72%) Windows
6 7 (0.24%) Ubuntu
7 6 (0.20%) CentOS
7 6 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 5 (0.17%) Amazon Linux
9 2 (0.068%) Mac OS X
10 1 (0.034%) Mesosphere
10 1 (0.034%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.034%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,989 (67.93%) Agile Software Development
2 1,363 (46.55%) TDD
3 1,035 (35.35%) Microservices
4 874 (29.85%) Software Engineering
5 681 (23.26%) Scrum
6 612 (20.90%) DevOps
7 607 (20.73%) BDD
8 431 (14.72%) Continuous Integration
9 338 (11.54%) Open Source
10 317 (10.83%) Test Automation
11 316 (10.79%) MVC
12 291 (9.94%) Mentoring
13 284 (9.70%) Multithreading
14 283 (9.67%) Kanban
15 279 (9.53%) Problem-Solving
16 273 (9.32%) OO
17 246 (8.40%) Pair Programming
18 212 (7.24%) SDLC
19 211 (7.21%) Web Development
20 196 (6.69%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2,899 (99.01%) Java
2 809 (27.63%) JavaScript
3 713 (24.35%) SQL
4 428 (14.62%) Scala
5 256 (8.74%) Python
6 186 (6.35%) Java 9
7 154 (5.26%) PHP
8 91 (3.11%) Kotlin
9 80 (2.73%) C++
10 75 (2.56%) ES6
11 71 (2.42%) Ruby
12 68 (2.32%) Groovy
12 68 (2.32%) TypeScript
13 57 (1.95%) Go
14 55 (1.88%) C#
15 53 (1.81%) PL/SQL
16 47 (1.61%) C
17 39 (1.33%) Shell Script
18 33 (1.13%) Haskell
19 32 (1.09%) Clojure
Qualifications
1 385 (13.15%) Degree
2 133 (4.54%) Computer Science Degree
3 42 (1.43%) Master's Degree
4 28 (0.96%) Security Cleared
5 26 (0.89%) PhD
6 12 (0.41%) SC Cleared
7 11 (0.38%) Oracle Certification
7 11 (0.38%) Sun Certification
8 9 (0.31%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.17%) OCPJP
11 3 (0.10%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.10%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.034%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.034%) MCSD
12 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (4.17%) QA
2 17 (0.58%) PSD2
3 13 (0.44%) GCP
4 11 (0.38%) SEPA
5 7 (0.24%) MiFID
6 3 (0.10%) Data Quality
6 3 (0.10%) EMIR
6 3 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 3 (0.10%) PA-DSS
6 3 (0.10%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.10%) PMO
6 3 (0.10%) SLA
7 2 (0.068%) Dodd-Frank
7 2 (0.068%) GDPR
7 2 (0.068%) WAI
7 2 (0.068%) WCAG
8 1 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 549 (18.75%) Docker
2 23 (0.79%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 12 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.34%) HDFS
5 7 (0.24%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.24%) Apache Flume
5 7 (0.24%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.034%) DRBD
6 1 (0.034%) GridGain
6 1 (0.034%) KVM
6 1 (0.034%) LXC
Systems Management
1 174 (5.94%) Kubernetes
2 144 (4.92%) Ansible
3 105 (3.59%) Puppet
4 97 (3.31%) Opscode Chef
5 87 (2.97%) Terraform
6 25 (0.85%) logstash
7 20 (0.68%) Kibana
7 20 (0.68%) Marathon
8 12 (0.41%) Mesos
9 10 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
10 8 (0.27%) ITRS Geneos
10 8 (0.27%) Rancher
11 7 (0.24%) Ambari
12 5 (0.17%) CA Wily
12 5 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
12 5 (0.17%) Graphite
12 5 (0.17%) OpenView
12 5 (0.17%) Packer
12 5 (0.17%) Prometheus
12 5 (0.17%) Salt
Vendors
1 392 (13.39%) Oracle
2 109 (3.72%) Google
3 85 (2.90%) Splunk
4 64 (2.19%) AppDynamics
5 56 (1.91%) Sybase
6 39 (1.33%) IBM
7 28 (0.96%) Microsoft
8 26 (0.89%) hybris
9 25 (0.85%) TIBCO
10 24 (0.82%) Capita
11 21 (0.72%) Salesforce.com
11 21 (0.72%) VMware
12 20 (0.68%) Atlassian
12 20 (0.68%) Cognizant
13 19 (0.65%) StreamBase
14 18 (0.61%) SAP
15 16 (0.55%) Sun
16 14 (0.48%) Apple
17 12 (0.41%) MuleSoft
18 8 (0.27%) Apigee