Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 196 277 510
Rank change year-on-year +81 +233 +561
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 3,016 2,224 1,096
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.78% 1.26% 0.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.20% 2.27% 1.06%
Number of salaries quoted 2,631 1,736 987
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £38,750 £36,750 £41,400
90th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +25.00%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 94,322 97,925 103,267
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.82% 55.56% 52.40%
Number of salaries quoted 78,325 80,918 89,393
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,000 £28,750 £28,250
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +84 2,890 £62,500 +4.17% 406
London +78 1,780 £70,000 +7.69% 226
UK excluding London +60 1,208 £52,500 +5.00% 207
South East +68 434 £57,500 -4.17% 58
North of England +60 320 £47,500 -5.00% 47
Midlands +51 158 £55,000 +22.22% 21
Yorkshire +59 157 £47,500 -5.00% 25
North West +30 149 £49,000 +8.89% 22
East of England +64 121 £50,000 -11.11% 39
West Midlands +80 104 £54,000 +2.86% 13
South West +2 85 £57,500 +21.05% 15
East Midlands -5 52 £67,500 +58.82% 8
Scotland -17 49 £47,500 -17.39% 12
Wales +42 44 £42,500 -5.56% 9
North East -9 14 £57,500 +43.75%
Northern Ireland 0 9 £61,250 -5.77% 6

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,990 (99.14%) Java
2 2,008 (66.58%) Agile Software Development
3 1,967 (65.22%) Spring
4 1,361 (45.13%) TDD
5 1,130 (37.47%) Microservices
6 909 (30.14%) Software Engineering
7 814 (26.99%) JavaScript
8 807 (26.76%) Hibernate
9 792 (26.26%) Spring Boot
10 750 (24.87%) Finance
11 727 (24.10%) SQL
12 703 (23.31%) Amazon AWS
13 669 (22.18%) Scrum
14 632 (20.95%) REST
15 628 (20.82%) DevOps
16 612 (20.29%) Docker
17 597 (19.79%) AngularJS
18 574 (19.03%) BDD
19 559 (18.53%) Git (software)
20 526 (17.44%) NoSQL
21 520 (17.24%) Web Services
22 512 (16.98%) HTML
23 506 (16.78%) Maven
24 505 (16.74%) RESTful
25 500 (16.58%) Jenkins
26 487 (16.15%) Continuous Integration
27 458 (15.19%) CSS
28 410 (13.59%) Greenfield Project
29 408 (13.53%) Scala
30 392 (13.00%) Linux

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 232 (7.69%) Elasticsearch
2 180 (5.97%) Tomcat
3 136 (4.51%) Apache Spark
4 106 (3.51%) JBoss
5 96 (3.18%) Confluence
6 84 (2.79%) Apache
7 64 (2.12%) CMS
8 52 (1.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 50 (1.66%) Mule
10 43 (1.43%) WildFly
11 42 (1.39%) Cloud Foundry
11 42 (1.39%) WebLogic
12 36 (1.19%) WebSphere
13 25 (0.83%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 25 (0.83%) Apache Solr
14 24 (0.80%) Jetty
15 19 (0.63%) OpenStack
16 16 (0.53%) WordPress
17 14 (0.46%) GlassFish
18 11 (0.36%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 7 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
1 7 (0.23%) Chatbot
1 7 (0.23%) MS Visio
1 7 (0.23%) Photoshop
2 5 (0.17%) Microsoft Project
3 3 (0.099%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.099%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.033%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.60%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.17%) Actimize
2 5 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.099%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.066%) Remedy ITSM
6 1 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.033%) JDE OneWorld
6 1 (0.033%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 703 (23.31%) Amazon AWS
2 188 (6.23%) Microsoft Azure
3 124 (4.11%) GitHub
4 115 (3.81%) Google Cloud Platform
5 48 (1.59%) Serverless
6 41 (1.36%) PaaS
7 40 (1.33%) Slack
8 38 (1.26%) IaaS
9 28 (0.93%) SaaS
10 26 (0.86%) AWS Lambda
11 24 (0.80%) IBM Cloud
12 18 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
13 17 (0.56%) Amazon SQS
13 17 (0.56%) CloudFront
14 16 (0.53%) Google App Engine
15 15 (0.50%) Amazon S3
15 15 (0.50%) npm
15 15 (0.50%) OpenShift
16 13 (0.43%) Amazon EC2
17 9 (0.30%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 38 (1.26%) HTTP
2 21 (0.70%) Internet
3 17 (0.56%) AMQP
4 15 (0.50%) SMS
5 7 (0.23%) Unified Communications
6 6 (0.20%) DSL
6 6 (0.20%) SMTP
7 3 (0.099%) VoIP
7 3 (0.099%) WebEx
8 2 (0.066%) Ethernet
8 2 (0.066%) SNMP
9 1 (0.033%) FIX Connectivity
9 1 (0.033%) FTP
9 1 (0.033%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.033%) Intranet
9 1 (0.033%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.033%) Skype
9 1 (0.033%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 526 (17.44%) NoSQL
2 349 (11.57%) MongoDB
3 323 (10.71%) MySQL
4 255 (8.45%) Big Data
5 246 (8.16%) Relational Database
6 212 (7.03%) Apache Cassandra
7 175 (5.80%) SQL Server
8 169 (5.60%) PostgreSQL
9 163 (5.40%) Hadoop
10 124 (4.11%) RDBMS
11 115 (3.81%) Redis
12 88 (2.92%) Blockchain
13 77 (2.55%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 56 (1.86%) DB2
15 42 (1.39%) Neo4j
16 36 (1.19%) Oracle Database
17 25 (0.83%) Hazelcast
17 25 (0.83%) HBase
18 24 (0.80%) Riak
19 21 (0.70%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 559 (18.53%) Git (software)
2 506 (16.78%) Maven
3 500 (16.58%) Jenkins
4 382 (12.67%) JUnit
5 244 (8.09%) Gradle
6 207 (6.86%) JIRA
7 170 (5.64%) Cucumber
8 158 (5.24%) Selenium
9 114 (3.78%) Mockito
10 85 (2.82%) Subversion
11 83 (2.75%) Eclipse
12 76 (2.52%) IntelliJ
13 52 (1.72%) Ant
13 52 (1.72%) Sonatype Nexus
14 51 (1.69%) Mocha
15 46 (1.53%) TeamCity
16 41 (1.36%) Babel
16 41 (1.36%) SonarQube
17 35 (1.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 31 (1.03%) Protractor
General
1 750 (24.87%) Finance
2 378 (12.53%) Banking
3 226 (7.49%) Games
4 198 (6.56%) Retail
5 153 (5.07%) Investment Banking
6 109 (3.61%) Advertising
7 87 (2.88%) Front Office
8 74 (2.45%) Financial Institution
9 31 (1.03%) Marketing
10 29 (0.96%) Retail Banking
10 29 (0.96%) Telecoms
11 27 (0.90%) Law
12 23 (0.76%) Publishing
13 16 (0.53%) Back Office
14 11 (0.36%) Online Betting
15 10 (0.33%) Automotive
15 10 (0.33%) Manufacturing
16 9 (0.30%) Electronics
17 8 (0.27%) Legal
18 3 (0.099%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,199 (72.91%) Developer
2 2,009 (66.61%) Java Developer
3 660 (21.88%) Senior Developer
4 613 (20.32%) Senior Java Developer
5 474 (15.72%) Java Engineer
6 453 (15.02%) Software Engineer
7 332 (11.01%) Java Software Engineer
8 158 (5.24%) Lead Developer
9 144 (4.77%) AWS Developer
9 144 (4.77%) Lead Java Developer
10 125 (4.14%) Senior Java Engineer
11 107 (3.55%) Senior Software Engineer
12 105 (3.48%) Java Developer - Fintech
13 99 (3.28%) Java Software Developer
14 97 (3.22%) Software Developer
15 91 (3.02%) Architect
16 84 (2.79%) Agile Developer
16 84 (2.79%) Agile Java Developer
17 79 (2.62%) Full Stack Developer
17 79 (2.62%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,967 (65.22%) Spring
2 807 (26.76%) Hibernate
3 792 (26.26%) Spring Boot
4 632 (20.95%) REST
5 597 (19.79%) AngularJS
6 520 (17.24%) Web Services
7 512 (16.98%) HTML
8 505 (16.74%) RESTful
9 458 (15.19%) CSS
10 389 (12.90%) React
11 300 (9.95%) Node.js
12 287 (9.52%) Kafka
13 253 (8.39%) J2EE
13 253 (8.39%) Java EE
14 235 (7.79%) HTML5
15 210 (6.96%) JPA
16 161 (5.34%) JSON
17 150 (4.97%) SOAP
18 147 (4.87%) RabbitMQ
19 143 (4.74%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 410 (13.59%) Greenfield Project
2 334 (11.07%) Fintech
3 281 (9.32%) Computer Science
4 143 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
5 120 (3.98%) Self-Motivation
6 99 (3.28%) Enterprise Software
7 95 (3.15%) Algorithms
8 94 (3.12%) Mobile App
9 91 (3.02%) Data Structures
10 80 (2.65%) User Experience
11 70 (2.32%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 48 (1.59%) Derivative
13 44 (1.46%) Cyberthreat
14 38 (1.26%) Online Games
15 32 (1.06%) Equities
15 32 (1.06%) Online Gambling
15 32 (1.06%) Xbox
16 31 (1.03%) Hedge funds
17 27 (0.90%) Fixed Income
18 24 (0.80%) Robotics
Operating Systems
1 392 (13.00%) Linux
2 93 (3.08%) Unix
3 35 (1.16%) Android
3 35 (1.16%) Windows
4 28 (0.93%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (0.17%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.13%) CentOS
8 2 (0.066%) Amazon Linux
8 2 (0.066%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.066%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.033%) Mesosphere
9 1 (0.033%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.033%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,008 (66.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,361 (45.13%) TDD
3 1,130 (37.47%) Microservices
4 909 (30.14%) Software Engineering
5 669 (22.18%) Scrum
6 628 (20.82%) DevOps
7 574 (19.03%) BDD
8 487 (16.15%) Continuous Integration
9 320 (10.61%) Multithreading
9 320 (10.61%) Open Source
10 316 (10.48%) Problem-Solving
11 315 (10.44%) Test Automation
12 302 (10.01%) MVC
13 298 (9.88%) Mentoring
14 289 (9.58%) Kanban
15 266 (8.82%) OO
16 234 (7.76%) Web Development
17 218 (7.23%) SDLC
18 217 (7.19%) Pair Programming
19 196 (6.50%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 2,990 (99.14%) Java
2 814 (26.99%) JavaScript
3 727 (24.10%) SQL
4 408 (13.53%) Scala
5 246 (8.16%) Python
6 176 (5.84%) Java 9
7 157 (5.21%) PHP
8 90 (2.98%) Kotlin
9 80 (2.65%) TypeScript
10 76 (2.52%) C++
11 74 (2.45%) ES6
12 69 (2.29%) C#
13 64 (2.12%) Groovy
14 60 (1.99%) Ruby
15 47 (1.56%) Go
16 43 (1.43%) C
17 42 (1.39%) PL/SQL
18 40 (1.33%) Haskell
19 33 (1.09%) Clojure
20 31 (1.03%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 378 (12.53%) Degree
2 139 (4.61%) Computer Science Degree
3 41 (1.36%) Master's Degree
4 32 (1.06%) Security Cleared
5 29 (0.96%) PhD
6 20 (0.66%) SC Cleared
7 10 (0.33%) OCPJP
8 9 (0.30%) AWS Certification
9 8 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
10 6 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
11 5 (0.17%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.17%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
13 3 (0.099%) DV Cleared
13 3 (0.099%) PMI Certification
14 1 (0.033%) BPSS Clearance
14 1 (0.033%) MCSD
14 1 (0.033%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 105 (3.48%) QA
2 21 (0.70%) GCP
3 10 (0.33%) PSD2
4 7 (0.23%) SEPA
5 6 (0.20%) MiFID
6 5 (0.17%) PA-DSS
6 5 (0.17%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.099%) SLA
8 2 (0.066%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.066%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.066%) EMIR
8 2 (0.066%) WAI
8 2 (0.066%) WCAG
9 1 (0.033%) GDPR
System Software
1 612 (20.29%) Docker
2 17 (0.56%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 13 (0.43%) HDFS
4 10 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 9 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.23%) Active Directory
6 7 (0.23%) Varnish
7 3 (0.099%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.066%) LXC
9 1 (0.033%) GridGain
Systems Management
1 207 (6.86%) Kubernetes
2 142 (4.71%) Ansible
3 104 (3.45%) Puppet
4 88 (2.92%) Terraform
5 87 (2.88%) Opscode Chef
6 25 (0.83%) Marathon
7 23 (0.76%) logstash
8 19 (0.63%) Kibana
9 14 (0.46%) ITRS Geneos
10 13 (0.43%) Rancher
11 12 (0.40%) Mesos
12 11 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.27%) Prometheus
14 7 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
14 7 (0.23%) Graphite
15 4 (0.13%) Ambari
15 4 (0.13%) Consul
15 4 (0.13%) Nagios
15 4 (0.13%) Salt
15 4 (0.13%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 364 (12.07%) Oracle
2 131 (4.34%) Google
3 87 (2.88%) Splunk
4 57 (1.89%) AppDynamics
4 57 (1.89%) Sybase
5 46 (1.53%) IBM
6 35 (1.16%) hybris
7 34 (1.13%) TIBCO
8 31 (1.03%) Microsoft
9 30 (0.99%) Capita
10 23 (0.76%) Cognizant
11 22 (0.73%) StreamBase
12 21 (0.70%) Atlassian
13 17 (0.56%) SAP
14 16 (0.53%) Apple
14 16 (0.53%) VMware
15 14 (0.46%) Salesforce.com
16 13 (0.43%) Facebook
16 13 (0.43%) Rackspace
17 11 (0.36%) Adobe