Period
to 18 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 226 205 306
Rank change year-on-year -21 +101 +297
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,139 2,880 1,857
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.49% 1.68% 1.08%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.76% 2.99% 1.95%
Number of salaries quoted 1,878 2,543 1,579
UK median annual salary £65,000 £60,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +7.44% +0.83% -
10th Percentile £38,750 £40,000 £35,200
90th Percentile £95,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,000 £52,500 £50,000
% change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% +3.09%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 77,538 96,404 95,011
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.06% 56.09% 55.21%
Number of salaries quoted 63,492 80,374 80,231
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +0.42%
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,000
% change year-on-year - +7.14% +5.00%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 18 June 2019.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -20 2,042 £65,000 +4.00% 223
London -45 1,095 £75,000 +11.11% 162
UK excluding London +10 1,006 £57,000 +8.57% 74
South East +28 450 £60,000 +9.09% 19
North of England +8 268 £55,000 +15.79% 20
North West +33 163 £55,000 +10.00% 15
Yorkshire -31 103 £47,500 - 4
South West +13 100 £57,500 +4.55% 1
East of England +54 58 £55,000 +10.00% 12
Midlands -33 55 £45,000 -18.18% 9
Scotland +10 50 £42,500 -15.00% 7
East Midlands +19 31 £39,250 -43.93% 1
West Midlands -35 24 £47,500 -12.04% 8
Wales -1 13 £45,000 +5.88% 2
Northern Ireland -14 13 £50,000 -13.04% 4
North East +7 2 £60,000 - 1

For the 6 months to 18 June 2019, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,134 (99.77%) Java
2 1,450 (67.79%) Spring
3 1,438 (67.23%) Agile Software Development
4 839 (39.22%) Microservices
5 797 (37.26%) TDD
6 679 (31.74%) Spring Boot
7 570 (26.65%) Docker
8 557 (26.04%) Software Engineering
9 506 (23.66%) JavaScript
10 468 (21.88%) Hibernate
11 460 (21.51%) SQL
12 443 (20.71%) Finance
13 437 (20.43%) Amazon AWS
14 428 (20.01%) RESTful
15 417 (19.50%) Maven
16 404 (18.89%) Scrum
17 400 (18.70%) DevOps
18 387 (18.09%) Jenkins
19 377 (17.63%) REST
20 368 (17.20%) Greenfield Project
20 368 (17.20%) Git (software)
21 353 (16.50%) BDD
22 346 (16.18%) AngularJS
23 338 (15.80%) Kubernetes
24 330 (15.43%) Web Services
25 324 (15.15%) JUnit
26 306 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
27 302 (14.12%) HTML
28 293 (13.70%) React
29 274 (12.81%) NoSQL

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 109 (5.10%) Tomcat
2 97 (4.53%) Confluence
3 83 (3.88%) Elasticsearch
4 65 (3.04%) Apache
5 60 (2.81%) JBoss
6 55 (2.57%) Apache Spark
7 25 (1.17%) WebLogic
8 18 (0.84%) CMS
8 18 (0.84%) Mule
9 16 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 16 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
10 14 (0.65%) Jetty
11 11 (0.51%) WebSphere
12 10 (0.47%) Apache Solr
12 10 (0.47%) WordPress
13 9 (0.42%) Oracle Service Bus
14 8 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 6 (0.28%) nginx
16 5 (0.23%) GlassFish
16 5 (0.23%) OpenStack
Applications
1 1 (0.047%) Adobe XD
1 1 (0.047%) InVision
1 1 (0.047%) Photoshop
1 1 (0.047%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 4 (0.19%) Ripple
2 3 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
3 2 (0.094%) ION MarketView
3 2 (0.094%) Magento
3 2 (0.094%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.094%) thinkFolio
4 1 (0.047%) Bloomberg AIM
4 1 (0.047%) Dynamics GP
4 1 (0.047%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 1 (0.047%) LatentZero
4 1 (0.047%) LongView
4 1 (0.047%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 437 (20.43%) Amazon AWS
2 86 (4.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 85 (3.97%) GitHub
3 85 (3.97%) Google Cloud Platform
4 67 (3.13%) SaaS
5 57 (2.66%) Serverless
6 38 (1.78%) Amazon EC2
7 34 (1.59%) Amazon S3
7 34 (1.59%) AWS Lambda
7 34 (1.59%) PaaS
8 24 (1.12%) OpenShift
9 22 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
10 17 (0.79%) IaaS
11 11 (0.51%) Apigee
12 10 (0.47%) Slack
13 8 (0.37%) Amazon ECS
14 5 (0.23%) Cloud Computing
15 4 (0.19%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 4 (0.19%) BrowserStack
15 4 (0.19%) Sauce Labs
Communications & Networking
1 19 (0.89%) HTTP
2 12 (0.56%) AMQP
3 9 (0.42%) Internet
4 6 (0.28%) HTTPS
5 3 (0.14%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.14%) WebEx
6 2 (0.094%) ATM
6 2 (0.094%) DNS
6 2 (0.094%) Intranet
6 2 (0.094%) SAN
6 2 (0.094%) SSL
7 1 (0.047%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.047%) Firewall
7 1 (0.047%) LAN
7 1 (0.047%) Network Security
7 1 (0.047%) SMPP
7 1 (0.047%) SMS
7 1 (0.047%) SSH
7 1 (0.047%) VPN
7 1 (0.047%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 274 (12.81%) NoSQL
2 245 (11.45%) MySQL
3 205 (9.58%) MongoDB
4 162 (7.57%) Big Data
5 149 (6.97%) PostgreSQL
6 130 (6.08%) Hadoop
7 122 (5.70%) SQL Server
8 101 (4.72%) Apache Cassandra
9 89 (4.16%) Relational Database
10 78 (3.65%) Redis
11 49 (2.29%) Blockchain
12 38 (1.78%) Oracle Database
13 36 (1.68%) Neo4j
14 32 (1.50%) CouchDB
15 25 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 20 (0.94%) RDBMS
17 17 (0.79%) Couchbase
17 17 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
18 16 (0.75%) HBase
19 14 (0.65%) Riak
Development Applications
1 417 (19.50%) Maven
2 387 (18.09%) Jenkins
3 368 (17.20%) Git (software)
4 324 (15.15%) JUnit
5 205 (9.58%) JIRA
6 163 (7.62%) Gradle
7 135 (6.31%) Selenium
8 103 (4.82%) Cucumber
9 102 (4.77%) Mockito
10 70 (3.27%) Eclipse
11 61 (2.85%) IntelliJ
12 49 (2.29%) Spock
13 42 (1.96%) Gatling
14 39 (1.82%) Sonatype Nexus
15 32 (1.50%) GitLab
16 30 (1.40%) Subversion
17 26 (1.22%) Vagrant
18 22 (1.03%) SonarQube
19 21 (0.98%) Ant
20 20 (0.94%) webpack
General
1 443 (20.71%) Finance
2 187 (8.74%) Banking
3 160 (7.48%) Retail
4 99 (4.63%) Games
5 45 (2.10%) Front Office
6 44 (2.06%) Investment Banking
7 35 (1.64%) Military
8 31 (1.45%) Telecoms
9 23 (1.08%) Law
10 22 (1.03%) Financial Institution
10 22 (1.03%) Legal
11 20 (0.94%) Publishing
12 14 (0.65%) Automotive
13 10 (0.47%) Back Office
13 10 (0.47%) Marketing
14 9 (0.42%) Advertising
15 7 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
16 6 (0.28%) Retail Banking
17 4 (0.19%) Online Betting
18 3 (0.14%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 1,610 (75.27%) Developer
2 1,511 (70.64%) Java Developer
3 404 (18.89%) Senior Developer
4 384 (17.95%) Senior Java Developer
5 327 (15.29%) Java Engineer
6 260 (12.16%) Software Engineer
7 206 (9.63%) Java Software Engineer
8 93 (4.35%) Lead Developer
9 87 (4.07%) Lead Java Developer
10 83 (3.88%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 76 (3.55%) Senior Java Engineer
12 69 (3.23%) Agile Developer
13 67 (3.13%) Agile Java Developer
14 60 (2.81%) AWS Developer
15 53 (2.48%) Software Developer
16 52 (2.43%) Senior Software Engineer
17 50 (2.34%) Full Stack Developer
18 46 (2.15%) Architect
19 38 (1.78%) Big Data Developer
20 36 (1.68%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,450 (67.79%) Spring
2 679 (31.74%) Spring Boot
3 468 (21.88%) Hibernate
4 428 (20.01%) RESTful
5 377 (17.63%) REST
6 346 (16.18%) AngularJS
7 330 (15.43%) Web Services
8 302 (14.12%) HTML
9 293 (13.70%) React
10 269 (12.58%) CSS
11 255 (11.92%) Kafka
12 206 (9.63%) Node.js
13 111 (5.19%) HTML5
14 102 (4.77%) JSON
15 101 (4.72%) SOAP
16 96 (4.49%) Java EE
17 90 (4.21%) XML
18 88 (4.11%) JPA
19 85 (3.97%) RabbitMQ
20 76 (3.55%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 368 (17.20%) Greenfield Project
2 94 (4.39%) User Experience
3 82 (3.83%) Enterprise Software
4 71 (3.32%) Mobile App
5 68 (3.18%) Analytical Skills
6 40 (1.87%) Algorithms
7 39 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
8 31 (1.45%) Data Structures
9 29 (1.36%) Cloud Native
10 24 (1.12%) Fixed Income
11 22 (1.03%) Blog
12 20 (0.94%) iPad
13 18 (0.84%) Xbox
14 17 (0.79%) Derivative
14 17 (0.79%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 16 (0.75%) Hedge funds
16 15 (0.70%) Equities
17 14 (0.65%) Online Banking
18 13 (0.61%) Online Games
19 12 (0.56%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 209 (9.77%) Linux
2 68 (3.18%) Unix
3 40 (1.87%) Android
4 36 (1.68%) Apple iOS
5 10 (0.47%) Windows
6 8 (0.37%) Oracle Linux
7 6 (0.28%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.094%) SUSE
9 1 (0.047%) Ubuntu
9 1 (0.047%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,438 (67.23%) Agile Software Development
2 839 (39.22%) Microservices
3 797 (37.26%) TDD
4 557 (26.04%) Software Engineering
5 404 (18.89%) Scrum
6 400 (18.70%) DevOps
7 353 (16.50%) BDD
8 306 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
9 271 (12.67%) Fintech
10 221 (10.33%) Open Source
11 187 (8.74%) Test Automation
12 178 (8.32%) SDLC
13 166 (7.76%) OO
14 161 (7.53%) Mentoring
15 148 (6.92%) Computer Science
16 146 (6.83%) E-Commerce
16 146 (6.83%) Kanban
17 145 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
18 142 (6.64%) MVC
19 132 (6.17%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,134 (99.77%) Java
2 506 (23.66%) JavaScript
3 460 (21.51%) SQL
4 176 (8.23%) Scala
5 157 (7.34%) Python
6 128 (5.98%) Java 9
7 74 (3.46%) Groovy
8 73 (3.41%) Kotlin
9 64 (2.99%) C#
10 61 (2.85%) C
10 61 (2.85%) Ruby
11 54 (2.52%) TypeScript
12 50 (2.34%) C++
13 43 (2.01%) PHP
14 27 (1.26%) PL/SQL
15 26 (1.22%) Go
16 24 (1.12%) ES6
17 19 (0.89%) Apple Swift
18 11 (0.51%) Clojure
18 11 (0.51%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 188 (8.79%) Degree
2 86 (4.02%) Security Cleared
3 82 (3.83%) Computer Science Degree
4 61 (2.85%) SC Cleared
5 35 (1.64%) BPSS Clearance
6 18 (0.84%) PhD
7 14 (0.65%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.23%) Sun Certification
9 4 (0.19%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
10 2 (0.094%) AWS Certification
10 2 (0.094%) Oracle Certification
11 1 (0.047%) ISEB
11 1 (0.047%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.047%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.047%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 44 (2.06%) QA
2 7 (0.33%) GDPR
3 5 (0.23%) SLA
4 2 (0.094%) EMIR
4 2 (0.094%) WCAG
5 1 (0.047%) MiFID
System Software
1 570 (26.65%) Docker
2 10 (0.47%) GridGain
3 8 (0.37%) HDFS
4 7 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.19%) Active Directory
6 4 (0.19%) KVM
6 4 (0.19%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 338 (15.80%) Kubernetes
2 69 (3.23%) Ansible
3 56 (2.62%) Terraform
4 40 (1.87%) Mesos
5 33 (1.54%) Opscode Chef
6 29 (1.36%) Marathon
7 23 (1.08%) Puppet
8 15 (0.70%) Kibana
9 14 (0.65%) Grafana
10 12 (0.56%) Prometheus
11 9 (0.42%) Istio
12 8 (0.37%) HP Fortify
13 5 (0.23%) Consul
14 4 (0.19%) CloudHub
14 4 (0.19%) logstash
14 4 (0.19%) Packer
15 3 (0.14%) Rancher
16 2 (0.094%) Docker Swarm
16 2 (0.094%) Hadoop YARN
17 1 (0.047%) Salt
Vendors
1 231 (10.80%) Oracle
2 85 (3.97%) Google
3 71 (3.32%) Splunk
4 26 (1.22%) AppDynamics
5 19 (0.89%) Microsoft
6 15 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
7 14 (0.65%) Adobe
8 13 (0.61%) IBM
9 12 (0.56%) SAP
10 11 (0.51%) Atlassian
11 10 (0.47%) Red Hat
12 9 (0.42%) Spotify
12 9 (0.42%) TIBCO
12 9 (0.42%) VMware
13 7 (0.33%) NVIDIA
13 7 (0.33%) Software AG
14 6 (0.28%) Cypress Semiconductor
14 6 (0.28%) hybris
14 6 (0.28%) Sybase
15 4 (0.19%) MuleSoft