Period
to 20 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 285 249 227
Rank change year-on-year -36 -22 -29
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,471 653 2,154
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.22% 1.33% 1.52%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.24% 2.26% 2.85%
Number of salaries quoted 804 532 1,907
10th Percentile £42,517 £43,750 £40,000
25th Percentile £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £70,000 £65,000 £70,000
Median % change year-on-year +7.69% -7.14% +12.00%
75th Percentile £88,750 £80,000 £82,500
90th Percentile £102,500 £95,000 £97,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £57,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% -4.35% +9.52%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 65,572 28,910 75,585
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.16% 58.85% 53.48%
Number of salaries quoted 43,910 24,410 62,262
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,750 £31,250
25th Percentile £42,500 £42,500 £38,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £57,500 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £92,500 £86,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -35 1,293 £72,500 +7.41% 224
London -38 813 £82,500 +10.00% 146
UK excluding London -25 573 £57,500 +4.55% 93
Work from Home -113 241 £65,000 +8.33% 45
North of England -51 133 £55,000 +7.32% 22
South East -124 118 £60,000 -5.88% 17
North West -17 99 £57,500 +4.55% 19
Midlands -39 98 £55,000 +2.33% 11
South West -54 72 £70,000 +35.68% 12
Scotland -56 57 £50,000 +8.11% 13
Wales +3 54 £51,250 +70.83% 2
East Midlands - 53 £55,000 - 2
West Midlands -69 45 £42,500 -20.93% 9
East of England -69 33 £70,000 +40.00% 14
Yorkshire -114 28 £57,500 +21.05% 3
Northern Ireland -40 8 £72,500 +45.00% 2
North East -30 6 £45,345 -11.52%

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,467 (99.73%) Java
2 1,120 (76.14%) Agile Software Development
3 1,021 (69.41%) Spring
4 735 (49.97%) Microservices
5 616 (41.88%) TDD
6 601 (40.86%) Docker
7 508 (34.53%) Spring Boot
8 490 (33.31%) Social Skills
9 469 (31.88%) REST
10 448 (30.46%) Jenkins
11 404 (27.46%) Problem-Solving
12 397 (26.99%) Hibernate
13 386 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
14 385 (26.17%) AWS
15 381 (25.90%) SQL
16 379 (25.76%) Scrum
17 355 (24.13%) JavaScript
18 346 (23.52%) Software Engineering
19 340 (23.11%) Git (software)
20 339 (23.05%) BDD
21 299 (20.33%) Finance
22 293 (19.92%) Maven
23 288 (19.58%) Kubernetes
24 283 (19.24%) DevOps
25 282 (19.17%) Terraform
26 277 (18.83%) Open Source
26 277 (18.83%) RESTful
27 273 (18.56%) React
28 260 (17.68%) AngularJS
29 246 (16.72%) Java 11

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (3.74%) Confluence
2 44 (2.99%) Apache Spark
3 40 (2.72%) Elasticsearch
3 40 (2.72%) Tomcat
4 18 (1.22%) Apache
5 13 (0.88%) JBoss
5 13 (0.88%) OpenStack
6 12 (0.82%) Jupyter
6 12 (0.82%) nginx
7 11 (0.75%) MQSeries
7 11 (0.75%) WebSphere
8 10 (0.68%) Jetty
9 9 (0.61%) Apache Solr
10 7 (0.48%) GlassFish
11 5 (0.34%) IIS
11 5 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.20%) GemFire
13 2 (0.14%) CMS
13 2 (0.14%) Magnolia
14 1 (0.068%) Cloud Foundry
Applications
1 7 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (0.14%) InVision
3 1 (0.068%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.068%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.068%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (0.54%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
2 3 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.068%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 385 (26.17%) AWS
2 243 (16.52%) Serverless
3 213 (14.48%) GitHub
4 129 (8.77%) Azure
5 124 (8.43%) GCP
6 67 (4.55%) SaaS
7 57 (3.87%) AWS Lambda
8 50 (3.40%) OpenShift
9 43 (2.92%) Amazon EC2
9 43 (2.92%) Amazon S3
10 36 (2.45%) Twilio
11 15 (1.02%) Datadog
12 13 (0.88%) Azure Functions
12 13 (0.88%) PaaS
13 12 (0.82%) Amazon ECS
14 11 (0.75%) Amazon EKS
14 11 (0.75%) Amazon SQS
14 11 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
14 11 (0.75%) IaaS
15 9 (0.61%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 46 (3.13%) AMQP
2 35 (2.38%) HTTP
3 21 (1.43%) Kerberos
4 17 (1.16%) Broadband
4 17 (1.16%) SSL
5 9 (0.61%) SMTP
6 6 (0.41%) Firewall
6 6 (0.41%) Reverse Proxy
7 5 (0.34%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.34%) SSH
8 4 (0.27%) FTP
8 4 (0.27%) Internet
9 2 (0.14%) SMPP
10 1 (0.068%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.068%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 245 (16.66%) Big Data
2 171 (11.62%) NoSQL
3 126 (8.57%) MongoDB
4 124 (8.43%) Relational Database
5 111 (7.55%) PostgreSQL
6 105 (7.14%) MySQL
7 101 (6.87%) Apache Cassandra
8 87 (5.91%) Redis
9 52 (3.54%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 47 (3.20%) Oracle Database
10 47 (3.20%) SQL Server
11 46 (3.13%) Apache Accumulo
12 41 (2.79%) Hadoop
13 38 (2.58%) Amazon RDS
14 34 (2.31%) Hazelcast
15 25 (1.70%) RDBMS
16 20 (1.36%) Blockchain
17 13 (0.88%) BigQuery
18 11 (0.75%) HSQLDB
19 9 (0.61%) Aerospike
Development Applications
1 448 (30.46%) Jenkins
2 340 (23.11%) Git (software)
3 293 (19.92%) Maven
4 194 (13.19%) JUnit
5 134 (9.11%) Mockito
6 125 (8.50%) JIRA
7 81 (5.51%) Gradle
8 67 (4.55%) GitLab
9 48 (3.26%) Selenium
10 41 (2.79%) Cucumber
11 35 (2.38%) Bitbucket
12 25 (1.70%) Sonatype Nexus
13 24 (1.63%) JMeter
14 22 (1.50%) gulp
14 22 (1.50%) TeamCity
15 21 (1.43%) Subversion
16 19 (1.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 18 (1.22%) Postman
18 16 (1.09%) Protractor
18 16 (1.09%) SonarQube
General
1 490 (33.31%) Social Skills
2 299 (20.33%) Finance
3 120 (8.16%) Banking
4 76 (5.17%) Telecoms
5 69 (4.69%) Analytical Skills
6 59 (4.01%) Retail
7 58 (3.94%) Games
8 57 (3.87%) Advertising
9 54 (3.67%) Legal
10 41 (2.79%) Law
11 26 (1.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 21 (1.43%) Documentation Skills
13 19 (1.29%) Financial Institution
14 13 (0.88%) Back Office
15 11 (0.75%) Front Office
15 11 (0.75%) Investment Banking
15 11 (0.75%) Public Sector
15 11 (0.75%) Publishing
16 7 (0.48%) Public Speaking
16 7 (0.48%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,094 (74.37%) Developer
2 941 (63.97%) Java Developer
3 231 (15.70%) Senior Developer
4 224 (15.23%) Java Engineer
5 182 (12.37%) Senior Java Developer
6 174 (11.83%) Software Engineer
7 116 (7.89%) Java Software Engineer
8 77 (5.23%) Full Stack Developer
9 72 (4.89%) Senior Java Engineer
10 67 (4.55%) Backend Developer
11 52 (3.54%) Senior Software Engineer
12 51 (3.47%) Java Software Developer
13 50 (3.40%) Lead Developer
14 38 (2.58%) Senior Java Software Engineer
15 37 (2.52%) Lead Java Developer
16 33 (2.24%) Software Developer
17 26 (1.77%) Java Developer - Fintech
18 25 (1.70%) Core Java Developer
19 24 (1.63%) Developer/Software Engineer
20 20 (1.36%) Team Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,021 (69.41%) Spring
2 508 (34.53%) Spring Boot
3 469 (31.88%) REST
4 397 (26.99%) Hibernate
5 277 (18.83%) RESTful
6 273 (18.56%) React
7 260 (17.68%) AngularJS
8 238 (16.18%) Kafka
9 195 (13.26%) Middleware
10 185 (12.58%) Web Services
11 182 (12.37%) GraphQL
12 168 (11.42%) HTML
13 165 (11.22%) JavaBeans
14 159 (10.81%) CSS
15 130 (8.84%) Node.js
16 115 (7.82%) JPA
17 109 (7.41%) SOAP
18 106 (7.21%) RabbitMQ
19 96 (6.53%) XML
20 85 (5.78%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 102 (6.93%) Algorithms
2 76 (5.17%) Self-Motivation
3 72 (4.89%) Data Structures
3 72 (4.89%) Greenfield Project
4 51 (3.47%) SWIFT
5 47 (3.20%) Mobile App
6 43 (2.92%) User Experience
7 37 (2.52%) iPhone
8 30 (2.04%) Online Games
9 25 (1.70%) Virtual Team
10 20 (1.36%) Social Media
11 17 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
12 15 (1.02%) Bitcoin
12 15 (1.02%) Cloud Native
12 15 (1.02%) Legacy Code
12 15 (1.02%) Social Network
13 14 (0.95%) Blog
14 11 (0.75%) Equities
15 10 (0.68%) Data Protection Act
15 10 (0.68%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 140 (9.52%) Linux
2 53 (3.60%) Unix
3 21 (1.43%) Android
3 21 (1.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 12 (0.82%) Apple iOS
5 6 (0.41%) Windows
6 4 (0.27%) Ubuntu
6 4 (0.27%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,120 (76.14%) Agile Software Development
2 735 (49.97%) Microservices
3 616 (41.88%) TDD
4 404 (27.46%) Problem-Solving
5 386 (26.24%) Continuous Integration
6 379 (25.76%) Scrum
7 346 (23.52%) Software Engineering
8 339 (23.05%) BDD
9 283 (19.24%) DevOps
10 277 (18.83%) Open Source
11 235 (15.98%) Coaching
12 219 (14.89%) Full Stack Development
13 204 (13.87%) Analytics
14 192 (13.05%) SOA
15 181 (12.30%) Test Automation
16 177 (12.03%) Multithreading
17 173 (11.76%) Data Analytics
18 165 (11.22%) Big Data Analytics
19 137 (9.31%) Mentoring
19 137 (9.31%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,467 (99.73%) Java
2 381 (25.90%) SQL
3 355 (24.13%) JavaScript
4 246 (16.72%) Java 11
5 95 (6.46%) Python
6 80 (5.44%) TypeScript
7 67 (4.55%) Kotlin
8 43 (2.92%) Scala
9 36 (2.45%) Groovy
10 28 (1.90%) ES6
11 26 (1.77%) Bash Shell
12 25 (1.70%) Java 9
13 24 (1.63%) C
14 22 (1.50%) PL/SQL
15 14 (0.95%) C#
16 13 (0.88%) PowerShell
17 11 (0.75%) Shell Script
18 8 (0.54%) C++
19 7 (0.48%) PHP
20 6 (0.41%) Perl
Qualifications
1 226 (15.36%) Security Cleared
2 214 (14.55%) SC Cleared
3 160 (10.88%) Degree
4 96 (6.53%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
6 13 (0.88%) PhD
7 7 (0.48%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 5 (0.34%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.34%) Master's Degree
9 4 (0.27%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.27%) OCP
9 4 (0.27%) Oracle Certification
10 3 (0.20%) DV Cleared
10 3 (0.20%) ISTQB
11 1 (0.068%) OCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 108 (7.34%) QA
2 7 (0.48%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.14%) ISO 20022
3 2 (0.14%) PCI DSS
3 2 (0.14%) PSD2
4 1 (0.068%) SEPA
System Software
1 601 (40.86%) Docker
2 33 (2.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 5 (0.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.20%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.20%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 288 (19.58%) Kubernetes
2 282 (19.17%) Terraform
3 147 (9.99%) Ansible
4 47 (3.20%) Puppet
5 10 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
6 9 (0.61%) HP Quality Center
7 7 (0.48%) Kibana
7 7 (0.48%) Prometheus
8 4 (0.27%) logstash
9 2 (0.14%) Consul
9 2 (0.14%) Marathon
9 2 (0.14%) Mesos
10 1 (0.068%) Argo
10 1 (0.068%) Grafana
10 1 (0.068%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 191 (12.98%) Oracle
2 56 (3.81%) Google
3 41 (2.79%) Microsoft
4 37 (2.52%) Atlassian
4 37 (2.52%) Red Hat
5 35 (2.38%) IBM
6 22 (1.50%) Pega
7 17 (1.16%) TIBCO
8 16 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
9 14 (0.95%) Solace
10 13 (0.88%) Sony
10 13 (0.88%) Splunk
11 8 (0.54%) Spotify
12 6 (0.41%) Guidewire
12 6 (0.41%) Talend
12 6 (0.41%) WSO2
13 5 (0.34%) Samsung
13 5 (0.34%) VMware
14 4 (0.27%) Murex
14 4 (0.27%) SAP