Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 254 254 219
Rank change year-on-year 0 -35 -21
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,843 818 1,952
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.41% 1.26% 1.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.68% 2.19% 2.89%
Number of salaries quoted 753 684 1,614
10th Percentile £45,000 £43,750 £42,500
25th Percentile £55,000 £51,000 £51,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £75,000 £67,500 £67,500
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +8.00%
75th Percentile £90,000 £83,750 £81,250
90th Percentile £105,000 £102,500 £97,125
UK excluding London median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year - +9.09% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 68,892 37,418 67,598
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.83% 57.84% 54.12%
Number of salaries quoted 44,517 31,882 56,261
10th Percentile £36,250 £33,750 £31,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £39,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £71,250
90th Percentile £100,000 £90,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -3 1,546 £75,000 +7.14% 195
UK excluding London +51 1,011 £60,000 - 90
London -78 714 £83,750 +7.37% 127
North of England +76 332 £59,750 +19.50% 26
Work from Home -101 244 £75,000 +25.00% 54
Midlands +23 169 £55,000 +10.00% 12
North West +21 169 £60,000 -4.00% 19
South East -49 146 £62,500 -3.85% 10
Scotland +19 143 £58,750 +23.68% 17
Yorkshire +11 126 £55,000 +15.79% 6
South West -27 102 £70,000 +16.67% 11
East Midlands +25 94 £55,000 +15.79% 2
West Midlands -23 75 £55,000 -8.33% 10
Wales +14 63 £57,500 +31.43% 5
North East +6 37 - - 1
East of England -102 36 £71,250 -1.72% 6
Northern Ireland -8 30 £60,000 +20.00% 3

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,837 (99.67%) Java
2 874 (47.42%) Agile Software Development
3 823 (44.66%) JavaScript
4 809 (43.90%) Spring
5 710 (38.52%) OO
6 665 (36.08%) HTML
7 660 (35.81%) Oracle
8 651 (35.32%) CSS
9 645 (35.00%) OOP
9 645 (35.00%) Python
10 622 (33.75%) Data Structures
11 608 (32.99%) Microservices
12 600 (32.56%) HTML5
13 599 (32.50%) Functional Programming
14 595 (32.28%) Docker
15 579 (31.42%) Spring Boot
15 579 (31.42%) CSS3
16 568 (30.82%) Microsoft
17 556 (30.17%) Java SE
18 550 (29.84%) C#
19 545 (29.57%) Oracle Certification
20 544 (29.52%) OCP
21 541 (29.35%) OCA
21 541 (29.35%) CIW
22 487 (26.42%) TDD
23 473 (25.66%) Software Engineering
24 447 (24.25%) Kubernetes
25 417 (22.63%) Jenkins
26 411 (22.30%) Git (software)
27 388 (21.05%) Social Skills

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 61 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
2 58 (3.15%) Apache
3 46 (2.50%) Tomcat
4 38 (2.06%) JBoss
5 27 (1.47%) Confluence
6 25 (1.36%) Apache Spark
7 24 (1.30%) nginx
8 18 (0.98%) Apache Airflow
8 18 (0.98%) Jetty
9 17 (0.92%) WebSphere
10 16 (0.87%) MQSeries
11 13 (0.71%) Apache Solr
12 11 (0.60%) GlassFish
13 9 (0.49%) OpenStack
14 8 (0.43%) CMS
15 7 (0.38%) Camunda
15 7 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
15 7 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
16 6 (0.33%) IIS
17 2 (0.11%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 1 (0.054%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 6 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (0.22%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
3 2 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
4 1 (0.054%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 365 (19.80%) AWS
2 168 (9.12%) Azure
3 130 (7.05%) Serverless
4 129 (7.00%) OpenShift
5 107 (5.81%) GCP
6 103 (5.59%) GitHub
7 83 (4.50%) AWS Lambda
8 37 (2.01%) Amazon S3
9 27 (1.47%) Cloud Computing
10 26 (1.41%) Amazon EC2
11 25 (1.36%) SaaS
12 20 (1.09%) Azure Functions
13 15 (0.81%) Amazon EKS
13 15 (0.81%) Amazon SQS
14 12 (0.65%) Amazon ECS
15 11 (0.60%) Datadog
16 10 (0.54%) Amazon Kinesis
17 8 (0.43%) PaaS
18 7 (0.38%) AWS CloudFormation
18 7 (0.38%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 117 (6.35%) Kerberos
2 44 (2.39%) HTTP
3 25 (1.36%) Broadband
4 17 (0.92%) Internet
5 9 (0.49%) HTTPS
6 8 (0.43%) AMQP
7 7 (0.38%) Firewall
8 5 (0.27%) Reverse Proxy
9 4 (0.22%) FTP
9 4 (0.22%) Network Security
10 3 (0.16%) Ethernet
11 2 (0.11%) NFC
11 2 (0.11%) SMPP
11 2 (0.11%) SSL
12 1 (0.054%) DSL
12 1 (0.054%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 200 (10.85%) NoSQL
2 151 (8.19%) Relational Database
3 142 (7.70%) MongoDB
4 107 (5.81%) MySQL
5 93 (5.05%) Big Data
6 91 (4.94%) Redis
7 90 (4.88%) Apache Cassandra
8 78 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
9 49 (2.66%) RDBMS
10 40 (2.17%) SQL Server
11 35 (1.90%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 31 (1.68%) Blockchain
13 24 (1.30%) Hazelcast
14 22 (1.19%) DB2
15 20 (1.09%) BigQuery
15 20 (1.09%) Data Warehouse
15 20 (1.09%) Oracle Database
16 19 (1.03%) Hadoop
17 11 (0.60%) MariaDB
18 10 (0.54%) Flink
Development Applications
1 417 (22.63%) Jenkins
2 411 (22.30%) Git (software)
3 355 (19.26%) Maven
4 184 (9.98%) JUnit
5 144 (7.81%) Mockito
6 94 (5.10%) Gradle
7 85 (4.61%) JIRA
8 67 (3.64%) GitLab
9 45 (2.44%) Cucumber
10 38 (2.06%) SonarQube
11 33 (1.79%) Selenium
12 32 (1.74%) JMeter
13 28 (1.52%) Subversion
14 26 (1.41%) Sonatype Nexus
15 23 (1.25%) TestNG
16 21 (1.14%) CircleCI
17 20 (1.09%) Arquillian
17 20 (1.09%) Bitbucket
18 14 (0.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 14 (0.76%) Vagrant
General
1 388 (21.05%) Social Skills
2 226 (12.26%) Finance
3 109 (5.91%) Banking
4 41 (2.22%) Analytical Skills
5 40 (2.17%) Advertising
6 35 (1.90%) Retail
7 33 (1.79%) Games
7 33 (1.79%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 25 (1.36%) Public Sector
9 23 (1.25%) Investment Banking
10 19 (1.03%) Back Office
11 18 (0.98%) Financial Institution
12 17 (0.92%) Telecoms
13 14 (0.76%) Law
14 11 (0.60%) Local Government
15 10 (0.54%) Front Office
15 10 (0.54%) Pharmaceutical
16 5 (0.27%) Billing
16 5 (0.27%) Private Banking
16 5 (0.27%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 1,353 (73.41%) Developer
2 738 (40.04%) Java Developer
3 564 (30.60%) Software Developer
4 541 (29.35%) Trainee
4 541 (29.35%) Trainee Developer
4 541 (29.35%) Trainee Software Developer
5 283 (15.36%) Software Engineer
6 213 (11.56%) Senior Developer
7 198 (10.74%) Java Engineer
8 185 (10.04%) Senior Java Developer
9 138 (7.49%) Senior Software Engineer
10 98 (5.32%) Java Software Engineer
11 76 (4.12%) Senior Java Engineer
12 57 (3.09%) Backend Developer
12 57 (3.09%) Lead Software Engineer
13 44 (2.39%) Senior Java Software Engineer
14 37 (2.01%) Lead Developer
15 33 (1.79%) Full Stack Developer
16 32 (1.74%) Java Software Developer
17 28 (1.52%) Technical Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 809 (43.90%) Spring
2 665 (36.08%) HTML
3 651 (35.32%) CSS
4 600 (32.56%) HTML5
5 579 (31.42%) CSS3
5 579 (31.42%) Spring Boot
6 556 (30.17%) Java SE
7 342 (18.56%) RESTful
8 302 (16.39%) REST
9 288 (15.63%) Web Services
10 267 (14.49%) AngularJS
11 260 (14.11%) React
12 243 (13.19%) Hibernate
13 202 (10.96%) Kafka
14 119 (6.46%) Spring MVC
15 118 (6.40%) Swing
16 117 (6.35%) JavaFX
17 102 (5.53%) RabbitMQ
18 88 (4.77%) Node.js
19 81 (4.40%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 622 (33.75%) Data Structures
2 209 (11.34%) Algorithms
3 104 (5.64%) Greenfield Project
4 61 (3.31%) Self-Motivation
5 44 (2.39%) Cloud Native
6 27 (1.47%) Mobile App
7 26 (1.41%) User Experience
7 26 (1.41%) Virtual Team
8 24 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
9 23 (1.25%) Equities
10 20 (1.09%) Social Network
11 19 (1.03%) Bitcoin
11 19 (1.03%) Social Media
12 16 (0.87%) SWIFT
13 12 (0.65%) Over-the-Top Content
14 11 (0.60%) iPad
14 11 (0.60%) Reinsurance
15 10 (0.54%) Legacy Code
15 10 (0.54%) Life Science
15 10 (0.54%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 111 (6.02%) Linux
2 39 (2.12%) Android
2 39 (2.12%) Unix
3 29 (1.57%) Apple iOS
4 10 (0.54%) Windows
5 8 (0.43%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (0.27%) OpenWrt
6 5 (0.27%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (0.054%) CentOS
8 1 (0.054%) Debian
8 1 (0.054%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 874 (47.42%) Agile Software Development
2 710 (38.52%) OO
3 645 (35.00%) OOP
4 608 (32.99%) Microservices
5 599 (32.50%) Functional Programming
6 487 (26.42%) TDD
7 473 (25.66%) Software Engineering
8 354 (19.21%) CI/CD
9 313 (16.98%) DevOps
10 250 (13.56%) Problem-Solving
11 232 (12.59%) BDD
12 224 (12.15%) Continuous Integration
13 203 (11.01%) Scrum
14 185 (10.04%) Continuous Improvement
15 155 (8.41%) Test Automation
16 148 (8.03%) MVC
17 147 (7.98%) Mathematics
18 146 (7.92%) Full Stack Development
19 144 (7.81%) Machine Learning
20 136 (7.38%) Software Architecture
Programming Languages
1 1,837 (99.67%) Java
2 823 (44.66%) JavaScript
3 645 (35.00%) Python
4 550 (29.84%) C#
5 293 (15.90%) SQL
6 256 (13.89%) Java 11
7 94 (5.10%) Kotlin
8 41 (2.22%) Bash
9 35 (1.90%) Scala
10 31 (1.68%) Go
10 31 (1.68%) TypeScript
11 19 (1.03%) Shell Script
12 18 (0.98%) PowerShell
13 17 (0.92%) C++
14 16 (0.87%) C
14 16 (0.87%) Groovy
15 10 (0.54%) ES6
16 9 (0.49%) PL/SQL
17 8 (0.43%) AspectJ
17 8 (0.43%) Java 9
Qualifications
1 545 (29.57%) Oracle Certification
2 544 (29.52%) OCP
3 541 (29.35%) CIW
3 541 (29.35%) OCA
4 252 (13.67%) Degree
5 93 (5.05%) Security Cleared
6 74 (4.02%) SC Cleared
7 70 (3.80%) Computer Science Degree
8 19 (1.03%) DBS Check
9 13 (0.71%) Master's Degree
10 8 (0.43%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.43%) PMI Certification
11 2 (0.11%) PhD
12 1 (0.054%) AWS Certification
12 1 (0.054%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 68 (3.69%) QA
2 12 (0.65%) PCI DSS
3 4 (0.22%) MiFID
4 2 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 14443
5 1 (0.054%) Data Quality
5 1 (0.054%) PSD2
5 1 (0.054%) SEPA
System Software
1 595 (32.28%) Docker
2 20 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
3 14 (0.76%) KVM
4 9 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.11%) GridGain
6 1 (0.054%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 447 (24.25%) Kubernetes
2 175 (9.50%) Ansible
3 167 (9.06%) Terraform
4 20 (1.09%) Consul
4 20 (1.09%) Kibana
5 18 (0.98%) Puppet
6 17 (0.92%) logstash
7 14 (0.76%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (0.76%) Packer
8 7 (0.38%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.33%) Istio
10 5 (0.27%) Grafana
11 2 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
12 1 (0.054%) Data Guard
12 1 (0.054%) Oracle Flashback
12 1 (0.054%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 660 (35.81%) Oracle
2 568 (30.82%) Microsoft
3 55 (2.98%) Google
4 22 (1.19%) Confluent
5 20 (1.09%) VMware
6 19 (1.03%) Apple
6 19 (1.03%) IBM
7 14 (0.76%) TIBCO
8 12 (0.65%) LexisNexis
8 12 (0.65%) Red Hat
9 11 (0.60%) Atlassian
9 11 (0.60%) Civica
9 11 (0.60%) Pega
9 11 (0.60%) Solace
10 9 (0.49%) WSO2
11 8 (0.43%) Cognizant
12 7 (0.38%) Salesforce.com
13 6 (0.33%) Talend
14 5 (0.27%) Guidewire
14 5 (0.27%) Splunk