Period
to 14 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
14 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 189 247 394
Rank change year-on-year +58 +147 +443
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,935 2,584 1,468
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.84% 1.44% 0.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.35% 2.60% 1.49%
Number of salaries quoted 2,567 2,023 1,328
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% - -
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £40,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £85,000 £87,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +17.65%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 87,561 99,259 98,564
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.97% 55.26% 53.12%
Number of salaries quoted 72,646 81,955 84,854
UK median annual salary £51,312 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.62% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 14 December 2018.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 14 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +64 2,805 £62,500 +4.17% 511
London +19 1,648 £70,000 +7.69% 313
UK excluding London +114 1,248 £55,000 +10.00% 222
South East +117 475 £56,000 -2.61% 68
North of England +113 332 £50,000 - 63
Yorkshire +77 161 £47,500 -5.00% 23
North West +71 160 £52,500 +16.67% 35
East of England +76 126 £55,000 +4.76% 13
Midlands +28 118 £55,000 +4.76% 35
South West +38 112 £57,500 +15.00% 19
East Midlands +50 58 £52,500 +23.53% 14
West Midlands +9 58 £55,000 +4.76% 21
Scotland -30 48 £47,500 -14.80% 18
Wales +25 34 £42,500 - 6
Northern Ireland +7 19 £51,000 +13.33% 1
North East +8 11 £45,000 +12.50% 5

For the 6 months to 14 December 2018, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,926 (99.69%) Java
2 1,948 (66.37%) Agile Software Development
3 1,846 (62.90%) Spring
4 1,243 (42.35%) TDD
5 1,150 (39.18%) Microservices
6 866 (29.51%) Spring Boot
7 803 (27.36%) Software Engineering
8 720 (24.53%) JavaScript
9 680 (23.17%) Finance
10 652 (22.21%) Hibernate
11 650 (22.15%) SQL
12 648 (22.08%) Docker
13 637 (21.70%) Amazon AWS
14 572 (19.49%) DevOps
15 566 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
16 533 (18.16%) RESTful
17 530 (18.06%) AngularJS
18 518 (17.65%) REST
19 497 (16.93%) Web Services
20 492 (16.76%) Git (software)
20 492 (16.76%) Jenkins
21 479 (16.32%) Scrum
22 471 (16.05%) BDD
23 467 (15.91%) Maven
24 459 (15.64%) NoSQL
25 412 (14.04%) Greenfield Project
26 392 (13.36%) JUnit
27 386 (13.15%) HTML
28 367 (12.50%) Big Data
29 355 (12.10%) React

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 184 (6.27%) Elasticsearch
2 151 (5.14%) Tomcat
3 83 (2.83%) Apache Spark
3 83 (2.83%) Confluence
4 76 (2.59%) Apache
5 71 (2.42%) JBoss
6 40 (1.36%) WebLogic
7 37 (1.26%) Apache Solr
8 32 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 31 (1.06%) CMS
10 27 (0.92%) Jetty
11 24 (0.82%) Mule
12 22 (0.75%) WebSphere
13 19 (0.65%) WildFly
14 18 (0.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 16 (0.55%) OpenStack
16 15 (0.51%) WordPress
17 11 (0.37%) Anypoint
17 11 (0.37%) Cloud Foundry
17 11 (0.37%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 7 (0.24%) Chatbot
2 5 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
2 5 (0.17%) Photoshop
3 2 (0.068%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
1 8 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (0.17%) Changepoint
3 4 (0.14%) Ripple
4 3 (0.10%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.068%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.034%) Actimize
Cloud Services
1 637 (21.70%) Amazon AWS
2 176 (6.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 115 (3.92%) Google Cloud Platform
4 78 (2.66%) GitHub
5 51 (1.74%) Serverless
6 37 (1.26%) IBM Cloud
7 30 (1.02%) AWS Lambda
7 30 (1.02%) SaaS
8 27 (0.92%) OpenShift
8 27 (0.92%) PaaS
9 24 (0.82%) Amazon S3
10 22 (0.75%) Slack
11 19 (0.65%) IaaS
12 18 (0.61%) Apigee
13 17 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
14 16 (0.55%) npm
15 13 (0.44%) CloudFront
16 11 (0.37%) Google App Engine
17 9 (0.31%) Cloud Computing
18 8 (0.27%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 28 (0.95%) HTTP
2 17 (0.58%) Internet
3 12 (0.41%) AMQP
4 10 (0.34%) SMS
5 7 (0.24%) Unified Communications
6 6 (0.20%) ATM
7 5 (0.17%) Ethernet
7 5 (0.17%) WebEx
8 4 (0.14%) SSL
9 2 (0.068%) DSL
9 2 (0.068%) Skype
9 2 (0.068%) SNMP
10 1 (0.034%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.034%) Intranet
10 1 (0.034%) RTP
10 1 (0.034%) SMTP
10 1 (0.034%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.034%) VoIP
10 1 (0.034%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 459 (15.64%) NoSQL
2 367 (12.50%) Big Data
3 328 (11.18%) MySQL
4 300 (10.22%) MongoDB
5 197 (6.71%) Relational Database
6 188 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
7 159 (5.42%) Apache Cassandra
8 147 (5.01%) SQL Server
9 123 (4.19%) Hadoop
10 96 (3.27%) Redis
11 86 (2.93%) RDBMS
12 65 (2.21%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 46 (1.57%) Blockchain
14 29 (0.99%) Hazelcast
15 24 (0.82%) Oracle Database
16 22 (0.75%) Neo4j
17 20 (0.68%) MariaDB
18 18 (0.61%) DB2
19 17 (0.58%) Couchbase
20 16 (0.55%) HBase
Development Applications
1 492 (16.76%) Git (software)
1 492 (16.76%) Jenkins
2 467 (15.91%) Maven
3 392 (13.36%) JUnit
4 236 (8.04%) Gradle
5 188 (6.41%) JIRA
6 159 (5.42%) Mockito
7 152 (5.18%) Cucumber
8 112 (3.82%) Selenium
9 97 (3.30%) Eclipse
10 77 (2.62%) IntelliJ
11 69 (2.35%) Subversion
12 41 (1.40%) Ant
13 39 (1.33%) TeamCity
14 36 (1.23%) Bitbucket
15 34 (1.16%) SonarQube
16 33 (1.12%) Sonatype Nexus
17 30 (1.02%) SoapUI
18 27 (0.92%) Apache Ivy
18 27 (0.92%) JMeter
General
1 680 (23.17%) Finance
2 293 (9.98%) Banking
3 194 (6.61%) Games
4 171 (5.83%) Retail
5 109 (3.71%) Advertising
5 109 (3.71%) Investment Banking
6 61 (2.08%) Front Office
7 45 (1.53%) Financial Institution
8 35 (1.19%) Marketing
9 30 (1.02%) Retail Banking
9 30 (1.02%) Telecoms
10 26 (0.89%) Law
11 17 (0.58%) Automotive
11 17 (0.58%) Back Office
12 16 (0.55%) Publishing
13 9 (0.31%) Electronics
13 9 (0.31%) Online Betting
14 7 (0.24%) Manufacturing
15 6 (0.20%) Legal
15 6 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,239 (76.29%) Developer
2 2,073 (70.63%) Java Developer
3 560 (19.08%) Senior Developer
4 508 (17.31%) Senior Java Developer
5 370 (12.61%) Java Engineer
6 328 (11.18%) Software Engineer
7 242 (8.25%) Java Software Engineer
8 163 (5.55%) AWS Developer
9 128 (4.36%) Lead Developer
10 108 (3.68%) Java Developer - Fintech
11 106 (3.61%) Lead Java Developer
12 100 (3.41%) Architect
13 98 (3.34%) Core Java Developer
14 81 (2.76%) Senior Java Engineer
15 78 (2.66%) Agile Developer
15 78 (2.66%) Agile Java Developer
16 74 (2.52%) Full Stack Developer
17 72 (2.45%) Software Developer
18 68 (2.32%) Senior Software Engineer
19 62 (2.11%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,846 (62.90%) Spring
2 866 (29.51%) Spring Boot
3 652 (22.21%) Hibernate
4 533 (18.16%) RESTful
5 530 (18.06%) AngularJS
6 518 (17.65%) REST
7 497 (16.93%) Web Services
8 386 (13.15%) HTML
9 355 (12.10%) React
10 346 (11.79%) CSS
11 283 (9.64%) Kafka
12 275 (9.37%) Node.js
13 191 (6.51%) J2EE
14 189 (6.44%) Java EE
15 177 (6.03%) HTML5
16 156 (5.32%) SOAP
17 135 (4.60%) JPA
18 129 (4.40%) JSON
19 128 (4.36%) Spring MVC
20 115 (3.92%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 412 (14.04%) Greenfield Project
2 333 (11.35%) Fintech
3 117 (3.99%) Self-Motivation
4 111 (3.78%) Analytical Skills
5 106 (3.61%) Algorithms
6 77 (2.62%) Data Structures
7 74 (2.52%) User Experience
8 68 (2.32%) Enterprise Software
9 59 (2.01%) Mobile App
10 47 (1.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 42 (1.43%) Xbox
12 38 (1.29%) Cloud Native
13 34 (1.16%) Robotics
14 33 (1.12%) Derivative
15 26 (0.89%) Online Games
16 19 (0.65%) Fixed Income
17 18 (0.61%) Virtual Team
18 17 (0.58%) Hedge funds
18 17 (0.58%) Life Science
18 17 (0.58%) Online Gambling
Operating Systems
1 296 (10.09%) Linux
2 79 (2.69%) Unix
3 36 (1.23%) Windows
4 26 (0.89%) Android
5 14 (0.48%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.20%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.034%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,948 (66.37%) Agile Software Development
2 1,243 (42.35%) TDD
3 1,150 (39.18%) Microservices
4 803 (27.36%) Software Engineering
5 572 (19.49%) DevOps
6 566 (19.28%) Continuous Integration
7 479 (16.32%) Scrum
8 471 (16.05%) BDD
9 265 (9.03%) OO
10 264 (8.99%) Multithreading
11 245 (8.35%) Computer Science
11 245 (8.35%) Open Source
12 242 (8.25%) SDLC
13 237 (8.07%) MVC
14 228 (7.77%) Problem-Solving
15 222 (7.56%) Test Automation
16 212 (7.22%) Mentoring
17 191 (6.51%) Kanban
18 165 (5.62%) Continuous Delivery
19 164 (5.59%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2,926 (99.69%) Java
2 720 (24.53%) JavaScript
3 650 (22.15%) SQL
4 275 (9.37%) Scala
5 239 (8.14%) Python
6 149 (5.08%) Java 9
7 130 (4.43%) PHP
8 89 (3.03%) C#
8 89 (3.03%) Kotlin
9 79 (2.69%) TypeScript
10 75 (2.56%) C++
11 66 (2.25%) Groovy
12 49 (1.67%) ES6
13 39 (1.33%) Clojure
14 34 (1.16%) Ruby
15 28 (0.95%) Go
16 22 (0.75%) C
16 22 (0.75%) PL/SQL
17 21 (0.72%) R
18 18 (0.61%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 330 (11.24%) Degree
2 131 (4.46%) Computer Science Degree
3 59 (2.01%) Security Cleared
4 46 (1.57%) SC Cleared
5 45 (1.53%) PhD
6 23 (0.78%) Master's Degree
7 7 (0.24%) DBS Check
7 7 (0.24%) DV Cleared
7 7 (0.24%) PRINCE2 Certification
8 6 (0.20%) OCPJP
9 4 (0.14%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.034%) BPSS Clearance
10 1 (0.034%) ISTQB
10 1 (0.034%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 1 (0.034%) Numerate Degree
10 1 (0.034%) Oracle Certification
10 1 (0.034%) Sun Certification
10 1 (0.034%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 91 (3.10%) QA
2 9 (0.31%) GDPR
3 8 (0.27%) PMO
4 6 (0.20%) PSD2
5 5 (0.17%) MiFID
5 5 (0.17%) SEPA
6 2 (0.068%) PA-DSS
6 2 (0.068%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.068%) SLA
7 1 (0.034%) EMIR
System Software
1 648 (22.08%) Docker
2 23 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 20 (0.68%) HDFS
4 19 (0.65%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
6 7 (0.24%) Varnish
7 6 (0.20%) vSphere
8 2 (0.068%) Active Directory
8 2 (0.068%) etcd
8 2 (0.068%) GridGain
9 1 (0.034%) LXC
9 1 (0.034%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 234 (7.97%) Kubernetes
2 85 (2.90%) Ansible
3 67 (2.28%) Terraform
4 58 (1.98%) Puppet
5 38 (1.29%) Opscode Chef
6 23 (0.78%) Kibana
7 12 (0.41%) Marathon
8 11 (0.37%) CloudHub
8 11 (0.37%) Mesos
9 10 (0.34%) Prometheus
10 9 (0.31%) Rancher
11 8 (0.27%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (0.24%) ITRS Geneos
12 7 (0.24%) logstash
13 6 (0.20%) Packer
13 6 (0.20%) TeamSite
14 5 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
15 4 (0.14%) Graphite
16 2 (0.068%) Consul
16 2 (0.068%) Grafana
Vendors
1 329 (11.21%) Oracle
2 141 (4.80%) Google
3 65 (2.21%) Splunk
4 48 (1.64%) IBM
5 47 (1.60%) Microsoft
6 38 (1.29%) TIBCO
7 32 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
8 27 (0.92%) Sybase
9 26 (0.89%) Facebook
10 23 (0.78%) StreamBase
10 23 (0.78%) VMware
11 21 (0.72%) AppDynamics
12 16 (0.55%) WSO2
13 15 (0.51%) Adobe
13 15 (0.51%) hybris
13 15 (0.51%) SAP
14 14 (0.48%) Cognizant
15 13 (0.44%) Solace
16 12 (0.41%) MuleSoft
16 12 (0.41%) Rackspace