Period
to 12 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 12 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
12 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 210 193 245
Rank change year-on-year -17 +52 +156
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,044 2,924 2,602
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.54% 1.83% 1.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.85% 3.34% 2.63%
Number of salaries quoted 1,735 2,560 2,041
UK median annual salary £70,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +12.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £38,750
90th Percentile £97,500 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year - +10.00% -

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 71,744 87,580 99,014
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.90% 54.90% 55.19%
Number of salaries quoted 59,243 72,675 81,773
UK median annual salary £52,500 £51,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £29,250
90th Percentile £87,500 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 12 December 2019.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 12 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -28 1,921 £70,000 +12.00% 398
London -11 1,243 £75,000 +7.14% 287
UK excluding London -41 779 £55,000 - 135
South East -20 329 £60,000 +9.09% 27
North of England -24 220 £57,500 +15.00% 32
North West +8 140 £60,000 +14.29% 17
Scotland +53 87 £50,000 +5.26% 15
Yorkshire -39 79 £57,500 +21.05% 12
Midlands -36 45 £45,000 -16.28% 23
South West -53 42 £50,000 -13.04% 17
East of England -21 37 £57,500 +4.55% 12
East Midlands -10 31 £45,000 -14.29% 2
Wales -12 17 £45,000 +5.88% 9
West Midlands -19 14 £51,500 -6.36% 21
Northern Ireland -8 5 £45,000 -11.76% 1
North East +6 1 £45,000 - 3

For the 6 months to 12 December 2019, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,040 (99.80%) Java
2 1,338 (65.46%) Agile Software Development
3 1,298 (63.50%) Spring
4 933 (45.65%) Microservices
5 817 (39.97%) TDD
6 730 (35.71%) Spring Boot
7 632 (30.92%) Docker
8 579 (28.33%) JavaScript
9 570 (27.89%) AWS
10 565 (27.64%) Software Engineering
11 476 (23.29%) Git (software)
12 432 (21.14%) Maven
13 430 (21.04%) Jenkins
14 418 (20.45%) DevOps
15 403 (19.72%) Hibernate
16 401 (19.62%) Kubernetes
17 397 (19.42%) Scrum
18 380 (18.59%) Finance
19 378 (18.49%) RESTful
20 372 (18.20%) REST
21 368 (18.00%) AngularJS
22 364 (17.81%) SQL
23 359 (17.56%) React
24 321 (15.70%) JUnit
25 319 (15.61%) BDD
26 314 (15.36%) Web Services
27 302 (14.77%) Kafka
28 293 (14.33%) Continuous Integration
29 284 (13.89%) CSS
30 272 (13.31%) HTML

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 81 (3.96%) Tomcat
2 75 (3.67%) Confluence
3 54 (2.64%) Apache Spark
4 49 (2.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 48 (2.35%) Apache
6 44 (2.15%) JBoss
7 40 (1.96%) Elasticsearch
8 33 (1.61%) CMS
9 19 (0.93%) Headless CMS
10 15 (0.73%) Cloud Foundry
11 14 (0.68%) Apache Solr
12 12 (0.59%) WebSphere
13 10 (0.49%) Mule
14 9 (0.44%) nginx
14 9 (0.44%) WebLogic
15 7 (0.34%) WildFly
16 6 (0.29%) Camunda
17 4 (0.20%) GemFire
17 4 (0.20%) GlassFish
17 4 (0.20%) Jetty
Applications
1 9 (0.44%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.049%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.049%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 28 (1.37%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.24%) Magento
3 1 (0.049%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.049%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 570 (27.89%) AWS
2 127 (6.21%) Serverless
3 98 (4.79%) GCP
4 95 (4.65%) Azure
5 91 (4.45%) Amazon EC2
6 77 (3.77%) AWS Lambda
7 74 (3.62%) Amazon S3
8 68 (3.33%) SaaS
9 61 (2.98%) GitHub
10 33 (1.61%) PaaS
11 32 (1.57%) Apigee
12 25 (1.22%) Amazon SQS
13 22 (1.08%) Basecamp
14 19 (0.93%) Boomi
15 18 (0.88%) AWS CloudFormation
16 16 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
17 14 (0.68%) IaaS
17 14 (0.68%) OpenShift
18 12 (0.59%) Amazon ECS
19 11 (0.54%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 16 (0.78%) Internet
2 11 (0.54%) TCP/IP
3 10 (0.49%) AMQP
4 7 (0.34%) ATM
5 5 (0.24%) HTTP
5 5 (0.24%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.20%) DSL
6 4 (0.20%) Skype
7 3 (0.15%) Multicast
8 2 (0.098%) Network Security
9 1 (0.049%) SAN
9 1 (0.049%) SSH
9 1 (0.049%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 189 (9.25%) NoSQL
2 170 (8.32%) Big Data
3 168 (8.22%) MySQL
4 155 (7.58%) PostgreSQL
5 147 (7.19%) MongoDB
6 113 (5.53%) Relational Database
7 109 (5.33%) SQL Server
8 90 (4.40%) Apache Cassandra
9 70 (3.42%) Oracle Database
10 53 (2.59%) RDBMS
11 51 (2.50%) Oracle Database 12c
12 49 (2.40%) Redis
13 42 (2.05%) Hadoop
14 38 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
15 37 (1.81%) Amazon RDS
16 32 (1.57%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 27 (1.32%) Blockchain
18 23 (1.13%) GIS
19 22 (1.08%) Geospatial Data
19 22 (1.08%) JasperReports
Development Applications
1 476 (23.29%) Git (software)
2 432 (21.14%) Maven
3 430 (21.04%) Jenkins
4 321 (15.70%) JUnit
5 174 (8.51%) JIRA
6 163 (7.97%) Gradle
7 136 (6.65%) Selenium
8 112 (5.48%) Cucumber
9 108 (5.28%) Mockito
10 99 (4.84%) TeamCity
11 60 (2.94%) Ant
12 51 (2.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 42 (2.05%) Subversion
14 39 (1.91%) Gatling
15 38 (1.86%) Eclipse
15 38 (1.86%) Spock
16 33 (1.61%) IntelliJ
16 33 (1.61%) Sonatype Nexus
17 31 (1.52%) Bitbucket
18 26 (1.27%) SonarQube
General
1 380 (18.59%) Finance
2 181 (8.86%) Banking
3 144 (7.05%) Retail
4 67 (3.28%) Games
5 54 (2.64%) Front Office
6 44 (2.15%) Investment Banking
7 25 (1.22%) Public Sector
8 23 (1.13%) Marketing
9 20 (0.98%) Law
10 13 (0.64%) Advertising
11 10 (0.49%) Manufacturing
12 9 (0.44%) Financial Institution
13 6 (0.29%) Retail Banking
14 5 (0.24%) Legal
15 3 (0.15%) Back Office
15 3 (0.15%) Local Government
15 3 (0.15%) Multimedia
15 3 (0.15%) Publishing
16 2 (0.098%) Aerospace
16 2 (0.098%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 1,570 (76.81%) Developer
2 1,441 (70.50%) Java Developer
3 514 (25.15%) Senior Developer
4 474 (23.19%) Senior Java Developer
5 249 (12.18%) Software Engineer
6 240 (11.74%) Java Engineer
7 176 (8.61%) Java Software Engineer
8 93 (4.55%) Lead Developer
9 90 (4.40%) AWS Developer
10 83 (4.06%) Lead Java Developer
11 70 (3.42%) Software Developer
12 68 (3.33%) Senior Java Engineer
13 67 (3.28%) Senior Software Engineer
14 51 (2.50%) Technical Leader
15 50 (2.45%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 50 (2.45%) Senior Java Software Engineer
16 48 (2.35%) Junior
17 46 (2.25%) Full Stack Developer
18 42 (2.05%) Principal Engineer
19 41 (2.01%) Java Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,298 (63.50%) Spring
2 730 (35.71%) Spring Boot
3 403 (19.72%) Hibernate
4 378 (18.49%) RESTful
5 372 (18.20%) REST
6 368 (18.00%) AngularJS
7 359 (17.56%) React
8 314 (15.36%) Web Services
9 302 (14.77%) Kafka
10 284 (13.89%) CSS
11 272 (13.31%) HTML
12 245 (11.99%) Node.js
13 134 (6.56%) JSON
14 116 (5.68%) jQuery
15 105 (5.14%) J2EE
16 102 (4.99%) HTML5
17 83 (4.06%) JMS
18 81 (3.96%) XML
19 80 (3.91%) JPA
20 73 (3.57%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 265 (12.96%) Greenfield Project
2 81 (3.96%) Analytical Skills
3 74 (3.62%) User Experience
4 73 (3.57%) Algorithms
5 65 (3.18%) Fixed Income
6 60 (2.94%) Cloud Native
7 58 (2.84%) Data Structures
8 55 (2.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 52 (2.54%) Mobile App
10 51 (2.50%) iPad
11 40 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
12 36 (1.76%) Equities
13 33 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
14 30 (1.47%) Robotics
15 23 (1.13%) Virtual Team
16 17 (0.83%) Online Gambling
17 14 (0.68%) Bitcoin
18 13 (0.64%) Blog
19 12 (0.59%) Derivative
19 12 (0.59%) Grid Computing
Operating Systems
1 200 (9.78%) Linux
2 66 (3.23%) Android
2 66 (3.23%) Windows
3 64 (3.13%) Unix
4 53 (2.59%) Apple iOS
5 41 (2.01%) Mac OS X
6 8 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
6 8 (0.39%) Windows 7
6 8 (0.39%) Windows 8
7 7 (0.34%) CentOS
8 3 (0.15%) Debian
8 3 (0.15%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.098%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.098%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (0.098%) SUSE
10 1 (0.049%) VMS
10 1 (0.049%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,338 (65.46%) Agile Software Development
2 933 (45.65%) Microservices
3 817 (39.97%) TDD
4 565 (27.64%) Software Engineering
5 418 (20.45%) DevOps
6 397 (19.42%) Scrum
7 319 (15.61%) BDD
8 293 (14.33%) Continuous Integration
9 268 (13.11%) OO
10 240 (11.74%) Fintech
11 218 (10.67%) Test Automation
12 194 (9.49%) Mentoring
13 172 (8.41%) Kanban
14 158 (7.73%) E-Commerce
15 157 (7.68%) Continuous Deployment
16 153 (7.49%) Multithreading
17 152 (7.44%) Pair Programming
18 151 (7.39%) SDLC
19 136 (6.65%) Computer Science
20 134 (6.56%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,040 (99.80%) Java
2 579 (28.33%) JavaScript
3 364 (17.81%) SQL
4 200 (9.78%) Python
5 157 (7.68%) Kotlin
6 145 (7.09%) Scala
7 85 (4.16%) C#
8 79 (3.86%) Ruby
9 53 (2.59%) Java 9
10 45 (2.20%) Groovy
11 43 (2.10%) ES6
11 43 (2.10%) PHP
12 41 (2.01%) PL/SQL
13 40 (1.96%) TypeScript
14 39 (1.91%) C
15 36 (1.76%) C++
16 25 (1.22%) Apple Swift
17 22 (1.08%) Shell Script
18 21 (1.03%) Haskell
19 19 (0.93%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 165 (8.07%) Degree
2 73 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
3 45 (2.20%) Security Cleared
4 24 (1.17%) Master's Degree
5 12 (0.59%) AWS Certification
5 12 (0.59%) ISTQB
5 12 (0.59%) SC Cleared
6 9 (0.44%) DV Cleared
6 9 (0.44%) Oracle Certification
7 7 (0.34%) CIW
7 7 (0.34%) OCA
8 2 (0.098%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
8 2 (0.098%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (0.098%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.049%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 89 (4.35%) QA
2 10 (0.49%) PCI DSS
3 9 (0.44%) GDPR
4 4 (0.20%) EMIR
5 3 (0.15%) MiFID
6 1 (0.049%) SEPA
System Software
1 632 (30.92%) Docker
2 22 (1.08%) Active Directory
3 4 (0.20%) HDFS
3 4 (0.20%) OpenAM
3 4 (0.20%) OpenDJ
3 4 (0.20%) OpenIDM
4 1 (0.049%) Firmware
4 1 (0.049%) Varnish
4 1 (0.049%) vCloud
4 1 (0.049%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 401 (19.62%) Kubernetes
2 95 (4.65%) Ansible
3 92 (4.50%) Terraform
4 58 (2.84%) Mesos
5 52 (2.54%) Marathon
6 37 (1.81%) Kibana
7 31 (1.52%) Istio
8 29 (1.42%) Puppet
9 24 (1.17%) Opscode Chef
10 19 (0.93%) Knative
10 19 (0.93%) Salt
11 11 (0.54%) Rancher
12 10 (0.49%) Control-M
13 9 (0.44%) Grafana
13 9 (0.44%) logstash
13 9 (0.44%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.29%) BladeLogic
15 5 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
16 1 (0.049%) Consul
16 1 (0.049%) Packer
Vendors
1 245 (11.99%) Oracle
2 98 (4.79%) Google
3 73 (3.57%) Adobe
4 68 (3.33%) Splunk
5 66 (3.23%) SAP
6 49 (2.40%) Salesforce.com
7 48 (2.35%) Atlassian
8 32 (1.57%) hybris
9 29 (1.42%) Facebook
10 27 (1.32%) Demandware
11 25 (1.22%) IBM
12 23 (1.13%) Dynatrace
13 21 (1.03%) MuleSoft
14 20 (0.98%) Tableau
15 19 (0.93%) Dell
15 19 (0.93%) New Relic
16 16 (0.78%) Microsoft
17 14 (0.68%) AppDynamics
18 13 (0.64%) TIBCO
19 12 (0.59%) Solace