Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 185 246 445
Rank change year-on-year +61 +199 +488
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 3,065 2,533 1,298
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.87% 1.45% 0.68%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.37% 2.63% 1.29%
Number of salaries quoted 2,658 1,923 1,178
UK median annual salary £62,500 £60,000 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.17% -4.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £41,500
90th Percentile £93,750 £85,000 £86,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
% change year-on-year +5.00% - +16.28%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,879 96,289 100,776
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.56% 55.27% 52.74%
Number of salaries quoted 75,617 78,934 86,898
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +2.11% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,000 £28,500
90th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £41,000
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +67 2,941 £62,500 +4.17% 587
London +40 1,752 £70,000 +3.70% 364
UK excluding London +83 1,282 £52,500 +5.00% 260
South East +93 462 £57,500 -4.17% 68
North of England +107 354 £47,500 -5.00% 93
Yorkshire +67 170 £45,000 -14.29% 30
North West +64 167 £52,500 +22.09% 56
Midlands +39 156 £55,000 +10.00% 23
East of England +89 136 £50,000 - 23
South West -6 95 £57,500 +27.78% 16
West Midlands +37 93 £55,000 +4.76% 11
East Midlands +4 61 £55,000 +18.92% 12
Scotland -20 48 £47,500 -13.64% 24
Wales +33 42 £42,500 - 8
North East 0 17 £45,000 +20.00% 7
Northern Ireland +8 9 £61,250 +36.11% 5

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 3,056 (99.71%) Java
2 1,991 (64.96%) Agile Software Development
3 1,985 (64.76%) Spring
4 1,319 (43.03%) TDD
5 1,201 (39.18%) Microservices
6 880 (28.71%) Spring Boot
7 859 (28.03%) Software Engineering
8 800 (26.10%) JavaScript
9 745 (24.31%) Hibernate
10 727 (23.72%) Finance
11 709 (23.13%) SQL
12 696 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
13 636 (20.75%) Docker
14 597 (19.48%) REST
15 584 (19.05%) DevOps
16 578 (18.86%) AngularJS
17 575 (18.76%) Scrum
18 546 (17.81%) Web Services
19 523 (17.06%) RESTful
20 522 (17.03%) Git (software)
21 518 (16.90%) Continuous Integration
22 510 (16.64%) Maven
22 510 (16.64%) Jenkins
23 492 (16.05%) NoSQL
24 485 (15.82%) BDD
25 462 (15.07%) HTML
26 405 (13.21%) Greenfield Project
27 403 (13.15%) CSS
28 395 (12.89%) JUnit
29 383 (12.50%) React

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 219 (7.15%) Elasticsearch
2 146 (4.76%) Tomcat
3 113 (3.69%) Apache Spark
4 97 (3.16%) JBoss
5 89 (2.90%) Apache
6 87 (2.84%) Confluence
7 44 (1.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 42 (1.37%) WebLogic
9 41 (1.34%) CMS
10 36 (1.17%) Mule
11 35 (1.14%) Apache Solr
12 32 (1.04%) WildFly
13 30 (0.98%) WebSphere
14 24 (0.78%) Jetty
15 21 (0.69%) Cloud Foundry
16 19 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 15 (0.49%) OpenStack
18 14 (0.46%) WordPress
19 11 (0.36%) GlassFish
20 10 (0.33%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 7 (0.23%) Adobe Illustrator
1 7 (0.23%) Chatbot
1 7 (0.23%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.098%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.033%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 16 (0.52%) Payment Gateway
2 7 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.16%) Actimize
4 4 (0.13%) Changepoint
5 3 (0.098%) ION MarketView
6 2 (0.065%) SAP Hybris
7 1 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
7 1 (0.033%) JDE OneWorld
7 1 (0.033%) Oracle EBS
7 1 (0.033%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 696 (22.71%) Amazon AWS
2 184 (6.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 125 (4.08%) Google Cloud Platform
4 93 (3.03%) GitHub
5 56 (1.83%) Serverless
6 35 (1.14%) SaaS
7 31 (1.01%) IBM Cloud
7 31 (1.01%) PaaS
8 30 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
9 25 (0.82%) IaaS
10 21 (0.69%) Amazon S3
11 20 (0.65%) Slack
12 19 (0.62%) OpenShift
13 16 (0.52%) Apigee
13 16 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
13 16 (0.52%) CloudFront
13 16 (0.52%) npm
14 15 (0.49%) Amazon SQS
14 15 (0.49%) Google App Engine
15 10 (0.33%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 40 (1.31%) HTTP
2 16 (0.52%) Internet
3 15 (0.49%) SMS
4 11 (0.36%) AMQP
5 7 (0.23%) Unified Communications
6 5 (0.16%) Ethernet
7 4 (0.13%) ATM
7 4 (0.13%) VoIP
8 3 (0.098%) DSL
8 3 (0.098%) SMTP
8 3 (0.098%) WebEx
9 2 (0.065%) Skype
9 2 (0.065%) SNMP
10 1 (0.033%) FIX Connectivity
10 1 (0.033%) Intranet
10 1 (0.033%) RTP
10 1 (0.033%) SSL
10 1 (0.033%) TCP/IP
10 1 (0.033%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 492 (16.05%) NoSQL
2 357 (11.65%) MongoDB
3 344 (11.22%) Big Data
4 319 (10.41%) MySQL
5 224 (7.31%) Relational Database
6 176 (5.74%) PostgreSQL
7 170 (5.55%) Apache Cassandra
8 168 (5.48%) SQL Server
9 133 (4.34%) Hadoop
10 113 (3.69%) RDBMS
11 101 (3.30%) Redis
12 70 (2.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 66 (2.15%) Blockchain
14 50 (1.63%) DB2
15 31 (1.01%) Hazelcast
15 31 (1.01%) Neo4j
16 29 (0.95%) Oracle Database
17 16 (0.52%) HBase
18 14 (0.46%) Amazon Aurora
18 14 (0.46%) Riak
Development Applications
1 522 (17.03%) Git (software)
2 510 (16.64%) Jenkins
2 510 (16.64%) Maven
3 395 (12.89%) JUnit
4 248 (8.09%) Gradle
5 194 (6.33%) JIRA
6 147 (4.80%) Mockito
7 144 (4.70%) Cucumber
8 130 (4.24%) Selenium
9 99 (3.23%) Eclipse
10 89 (2.90%) IntelliJ
11 87 (2.84%) Subversion
12 49 (1.60%) Sonatype Nexus
13 48 (1.57%) Ant
14 43 (1.40%) TeamCity
15 35 (1.14%) Bitbucket
16 33 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 33 (1.08%) SonarQube
17 31 (1.01%) SoapUI
18 29 (0.95%) Mocha
General
1 727 (23.72%) Finance
2 345 (11.26%) Banking
3 217 (7.08%) Games
4 185 (6.04%) Retail
5 148 (4.83%) Investment Banking
6 127 (4.14%) Advertising
7 81 (2.64%) Front Office
8 69 (2.25%) Financial Institution
9 37 (1.21%) Marketing
10 30 (0.98%) Telecoms
11 28 (0.91%) Retail Banking
12 24 (0.78%) Law
13 18 (0.59%) Publishing
14 17 (0.55%) Back Office
15 14 (0.46%) Automotive
16 10 (0.33%) Electronics
16 10 (0.33%) Legal
17 9 (0.29%) Manufacturing
18 7 (0.23%) Pharmaceutical
19 5 (0.16%) Online Betting
Job Titles
1 2,288 (74.65%) Developer
2 2,121 (69.20%) Java Developer
3 636 (20.75%) Senior Developer
4 584 (19.05%) Senior Java Developer
5 428 (13.96%) Java Engineer
6 393 (12.82%) Software Engineer
7 289 (9.43%) Java Software Engineer
8 154 (5.02%) AWS Developer
9 149 (4.86%) Lead Developer
10 130 (4.24%) Lead Java Developer
11 109 (3.56%) Senior Java Engineer
12 106 (3.46%) Architect
13 103 (3.36%) Java Developer - Fintech
14 93 (3.03%) Senior Software Engineer
15 90 (2.94%) Java Software Developer
16 88 (2.87%) Agile Developer
16 88 (2.87%) Agile Java Developer
17 85 (2.77%) Software Developer
18 74 (2.41%) Java Architect
19 73 (2.38%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,985 (64.76%) Spring
2 880 (28.71%) Spring Boot
3 745 (24.31%) Hibernate
4 597 (19.48%) REST
5 578 (18.86%) AngularJS
6 546 (17.81%) Web Services
7 523 (17.06%) RESTful
8 462 (15.07%) HTML
9 403 (13.15%) CSS
10 383 (12.50%) React
11 290 (9.46%) Kafka
12 283 (9.23%) Node.js
13 236 (7.70%) HTML5
14 226 (7.37%) J2EE
15 217 (7.08%) Java EE
16 171 (5.58%) JPA
17 162 (5.29%) SOAP
18 149 (4.86%) JSON
19 140 (4.57%) Spring MVC
20 137 (4.47%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 405 (13.21%) Greenfield Project
2 342 (11.16%) Fintech
3 258 (8.42%) Computer Science
4 130 (4.24%) Analytical Skills
5 128 (4.18%) Self-Motivation
6 103 (3.36%) Algorithms
7 86 (2.81%) Data Structures
8 75 (2.45%) Enterprise Software
9 74 (2.41%) User Experience
10 73 (2.38%) Mobile App
11 62 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 46 (1.50%) Derivative
13 41 (1.34%) Cyberthreat
14 38 (1.24%) Xbox
15 34 (1.11%) Cloud Native
16 33 (1.08%) Robotics
17 29 (0.95%) Online Games
18 26 (0.85%) Fixed Income
18 26 (0.85%) Online Gambling
19 24 (0.78%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 335 (10.93%) Linux
2 74 (2.41%) Unix
3 39 (1.27%) Windows
4 29 (0.95%) Android
5 21 (0.69%) Apple iOS
6 6 (0.20%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.065%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.033%) CentOS
8 1 (0.033%) Mesosphere
8 1 (0.033%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,991 (64.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,319 (43.03%) TDD
3 1,201 (39.18%) Microservices
4 859 (28.03%) Software Engineering
5 584 (19.05%) DevOps
6 575 (18.76%) Scrum
7 518 (16.90%) Continuous Integration
8 485 (15.82%) BDD
9 302 (9.85%) Multithreading
10 299 (9.76%) OO
11 297 (9.69%) Problem-Solving
12 278 (9.07%) Open Source
13 276 (9.00%) Mentoring
14 271 (8.84%) MVC
15 260 (8.48%) Test Automation
16 238 (7.77%) SDLC
17 235 (7.67%) Kanban
18 205 (6.69%) Web Development
19 182 (5.94%) Continuous Delivery
19 182 (5.94%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,056 (99.71%) Java
2 800 (26.10%) JavaScript
3 709 (23.13%) SQL
4 337 (11.00%) Scala
5 245 (7.99%) Python
6 174 (5.68%) Java 9
7 151 (4.93%) PHP
8 95 (3.10%) Kotlin
9 85 (2.77%) C#
10 82 (2.68%) TypeScript
11 73 (2.38%) C++
12 66 (2.15%) Groovy
13 60 (1.96%) ES6
14 37 (1.21%) Clojure
15 36 (1.17%) Go
16 34 (1.11%) Ruby
17 33 (1.08%) C
18 30 (0.98%) Haskell
19 27 (0.88%) PL/SQL
20 18 (0.59%) R
Qualifications
1 349 (11.39%) Degree
2 133 (4.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 41 (1.34%) Security Cleared
4 37 (1.21%) PhD
5 34 (1.11%) Master's Degree
6 25 (0.82%) SC Cleared
7 10 (0.33%) OCPJP
8 8 (0.26%) DBS Check
9 7 (0.23%) DV Cleared
10 5 (0.16%) AWS Certification
10 5 (0.16%) Oracle Certification
11 3 (0.098%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.065%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.065%) PRINCE2 Certification
13 1 (0.033%) BPSS Clearance
13 1 (0.033%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 106 (3.46%) QA
2 8 (0.26%) MiFID
3 6 (0.20%) GDPR
3 6 (0.20%) PSD2
4 5 (0.16%) PA-DSS
4 5 (0.16%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.16%) PMO
5 4 (0.13%) SEPA
6 1 (0.033%) SLA
System Software
1 636 (20.75%) Docker
2 17 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 15 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
4 12 (0.39%) HDFS
5 10 (0.33%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.23%) Varnish
7 2 (0.065%) LXC
7 2 (0.065%) Oracle RAC
8 1 (0.033%) Active Directory
8 1 (0.033%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.033%) GridGain
8 1 (0.033%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 207 (6.75%) Kubernetes
2 113 (3.69%) Ansible
3 82 (2.68%) Puppet
4 77 (2.51%) Terraform
5 63 (2.06%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (0.91%) Kibana
7 14 (0.46%) logstash
7 14 (0.46%) Marathon
8 12 (0.39%) ITRS Geneos
9 11 (0.36%) Rancher
10 10 (0.33%) CloudHub
10 10 (0.33%) Docker Swarm
10 10 (0.33%) Mesos
11 8 (0.26%) Prometheus
12 7 (0.23%) Graphite
12 7 (0.23%) Packer
12 7 (0.23%) TeamSite
13 6 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
14 3 (0.098%) Consul
14 3 (0.098%) Grafana
Vendors
1 333 (10.86%) Oracle
2 153 (4.99%) Google
3 63 (2.06%) Splunk
4 53 (1.73%) Sybase
5 43 (1.40%) TIBCO
6 42 (1.37%) IBM
6 42 (1.37%) Microsoft
7 35 (1.14%) AppDynamics
8 31 (1.01%) Facebook
9 27 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
10 25 (0.82%) hybris
11 24 (0.78%) StreamBase
12 18 (0.59%) Cognizant
12 18 (0.59%) SAP
13 15 (0.49%) VMware
14 14 (0.46%) Adobe
14 14 (0.46%) Atlassian
14 14 (0.46%) WSO2
15 13 (0.42%) Rackspace
16 12 (0.39%) MuleSoft