Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 214 214 237
Rank change year-on-year 0 +23 +102
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 1,767 2,436 2,623
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 1.53% 1.63% 1.48%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.82% 2.99% 2.65%
Number of salaries quoted 1,562 2,284 2,500
Median annual salary £65,000 £62,500 £60,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% -
10th Percentile £42,500 £38,750 £41,000
90th Percentile £91,125 £95,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +7.14%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 62,759 81,394 99,149
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.50% 54.62% 55.95%
Number of salaries quoted 51,758 66,918 83,427
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £46,000 £45,000 £43,857
% change year-on-year +2.22% +2.61% +4.09%

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 1,667 £67,500 +8.00% 204
London +24 1,075 £72,500 +3.57% 137
UK excluding London -22 684 £55,000 - 75
South East -40 268 £60,000 - 20
North of England +3 200 £55,000 +2.33% 19
Work from Home -23 140 £70,000 +7.69% 11
North West +16 109 £55,000 - 6
Yorkshire +13 83 £50,000 +5.26% 13
Scotland +64 82 £50,000 -2.44% 3
Midlands +41 45 £55,000 +37.50% 8
South West -33 43 £57,500 - 10
East of England +18 36 £53,750 -6.52% 9
West Midlands +53 23 £62,500 +19.05% 7
East Midlands +34 22 £47,500 +25.00% 1
Wales -12 11 £42,500 +6.25% 1
North East +10 8 £45,000 -10.00%
Northern Ireland +1 5 £75,000 +50.00% 5

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 1,753 (99.21%) Java
2 1,111 (62.87%) Agile Software Development
3 1,075 (60.84%) Spring
4 835 (47.26%) Microservices
5 759 (42.95%) TDD
6 650 (36.79%) Docker
7 622 (35.20%) Spring Boot
8 601 (34.01%) Software Engineering
9 560 (31.69%) AWS
10 504 (28.52%) Kubernetes
11 448 (25.35%) JavaScript
12 418 (23.66%) RESTful
13 395 (22.35%) Git (software)
14 377 (21.34%) Finance
14 377 (21.34%) DevOps
15 357 (20.20%) AngularJS
16 346 (19.58%) Scrum
17 344 (19.47%) Jenkins
18 338 (19.13%) React
19 333 (18.85%) SQL
20 332 (18.79%) Maven
21 323 (18.28%) Hibernate
22 310 (17.54%) REST
23 285 (16.13%) BDD
24 226 (12.79%) Web Services
24 226 (12.79%) Test Automation
25 224 (12.68%) HTML
26 223 (12.62%) Fintech
27 218 (12.34%) JUnit
28 215 (12.17%) Kafka

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (3.57%) Tomcat
2 35 (1.98%) Apache
2 35 (1.98%) Apache Spark
3 31 (1.75%) JBoss
4 29 (1.64%) Elasticsearch
5 25 (1.41%) Confluence
6 21 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 17 (0.96%) WebSphere
8 16 (0.91%) CMS
9 15 (0.85%) WildFly
10 11 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
11 10 (0.57%) Apache Solr
12 7 (0.40%) Headless CMS
12 7 (0.40%) Mule
13 6 (0.34%) Camunda
13 6 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
14 5 (0.28%) WebLogic
15 4 (0.23%) DataSynapse
15 4 (0.23%) GemFire
Business Applications
1 8 (0.45%) SAP Hybris
2 1 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
2 1 (0.057%) Ripple
Cloud Services
1 560 (31.69%) AWS
2 109 (6.17%) Azure
3 65 (3.68%) GitHub
4 63 (3.57%) GCP
5 61 (3.45%) Serverless
6 56 (3.17%) Amazon SQS
7 50 (2.83%) Amazon EC2
8 46 (2.60%) SaaS
9 40 (2.26%) Amazon S3
10 37 (2.09%) AWS Lambda
11 30 (1.70%) PaaS
12 24 (1.36%) IaaS
13 13 (0.74%) Basecamp
14 9 (0.51%) Apigee
15 8 (0.45%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 8 (0.45%) OpenShift
16 7 (0.40%) Boomi
17 6 (0.34%) Amazon Kinesis
17 6 (0.34%) AWS CloudFormation
18 5 (0.28%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 30 (1.70%) HTTP
2 15 (0.85%) Internet
3 8 (0.45%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.34%) FTP
5 5 (0.28%) DNS
6 4 (0.23%) Reverse Proxy
7 3 (0.17%) Multicast
8 2 (0.11%) AMQP
8 2 (0.11%) ATM
8 2 (0.11%) Broadband
8 2 (0.11%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.11%) LAN
8 2 (0.11%) SSL
8 2 (0.11%) VPN
8 2 (0.11%) WAN
9 1 (0.057%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 173 (9.79%) NoSQL
2 158 (8.94%) PostgreSQL
3 132 (7.47%) MySQL
4 127 (7.19%) Relational Database
5 114 (6.45%) MongoDB
6 113 (6.40%) Big Data
7 86 (4.87%) SQL Server
8 57 (3.23%) Amazon RDS
9 50 (2.83%) Apache Cassandra
10 40 (2.26%) RDBMS
11 38 (2.15%) Hadoop
11 38 (2.15%) Oracle Database
12 34 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
13 29 (1.64%) Redis
14 23 (1.30%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 18 (1.02%) Couchbase
16 14 (0.79%) Blockchain
16 14 (0.79%) Oracle Database 12c
17 9 (0.51%) DB2
18 8 (0.45%) NuoDB
Development Applications
1 395 (22.35%) Git (software)
2 344 (19.47%) Jenkins
3 332 (18.79%) Maven
4 218 (12.34%) JUnit
5 109 (6.17%) JIRA
6 89 (5.04%) Gradle
7 85 (4.81%) Selenium
8 70 (3.96%) Cucumber
9 62 (3.51%) Mockito
10 40 (2.26%) Subversion
11 33 (1.87%) Sonatype Nexus
12 31 (1.75%) TeamCity
13 29 (1.64%) Gatling
14 28 (1.58%) Bitbucket
14 28 (1.58%) SonarQube
15 26 (1.47%) Ant
16 25 (1.41%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 24 (1.36%) Android Studio
18 23 (1.30%) Eclipse
19 19 (1.08%) Liquibase
General
1 377 (21.34%) Finance
2 153 (8.66%) Banking
3 67 (3.79%) Public Sector
4 64 (3.62%) Games
5 49 (2.77%) Retail
6 35 (1.98%) Investment Banking
7 33 (1.87%) Front Office
8 28 (1.58%) Marketing
9 23 (1.30%) Financial Institution
10 11 (0.62%) Law
10 11 (0.62%) Publishing
11 10 (0.57%) Advertising
12 9 (0.51%) Back Office
13 7 (0.40%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.23%) Military
15 3 (0.17%) Online Betting
16 2 (0.11%) Music Industry
17 1 (0.057%) French Language
17 1 (0.057%) Legal
17 1 (0.057%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,290 (73.01%) Developer
2 1,161 (65.70%) Java Developer
3 379 (21.45%) Senior Developer
4 352 (19.92%) Senior Java Developer
5 266 (15.05%) Java Engineer
6 261 (14.77%) Software Engineer
7 202 (11.43%) Java Software Engineer
8 110 (6.23%) Senior Java Engineer
9 104 (5.89%) Senior Software Engineer
10 100 (5.66%) AWS Developer
11 86 (4.87%) Senior Java Software Engineer
12 59 (3.34%) Lead Developer
13 57 (3.23%) Full Stack Developer
14 56 (3.17%) Lead Java Developer
15 53 (3.00%) Technical Leader
16 52 (2.94%) Junior
17 45 (2.55%) React Developer
18 42 (2.38%) Software Developer
19 38 (2.15%) Angular Developer
20 33 (1.87%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,075 (60.84%) Spring
2 622 (35.20%) Spring Boot
3 418 (23.66%) RESTful
4 357 (20.20%) AngularJS
5 338 (19.13%) React
6 323 (18.28%) Hibernate
7 310 (17.54%) REST
8 226 (12.79%) Web Services
9 224 (12.68%) HTML
10 215 (12.17%) Kafka
11 211 (11.94%) CSS
12 208 (11.77%) Node.js
13 135 (7.64%) HTML5
14 103 (5.83%) JPA
15 102 (5.77%) CSS3
16 78 (4.41%) JSON
17 71 (4.02%) JMS
18 61 (3.45%) RabbitMQ
19 58 (3.28%) J2EE
19 58 (3.28%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 192 (10.87%) Greenfield Project
2 65 (3.68%) Analytical Skills
3 64 (3.62%) Data Structures
4 59 (3.34%) Cloud Native
5 55 (3.11%) Algorithms
6 52 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
6 52 (2.94%) User Experience
7 45 (2.55%) Mobile App
8 27 (1.53%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 27 (1.53%) Online Games
9 23 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
10 22 (1.25%) Fixed Income
11 18 (1.02%) iPad
12 17 (0.96%) Equities
13 13 (0.74%) Hedge funds
14 12 (0.68%) Blog
14 12 (0.68%) Derivative
15 10 (0.57%) Grid Computing
15 10 (0.57%) Online Banking
15 10 (0.57%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 212 (12.00%) Linux
2 104 (5.89%) Mac OS X
3 86 (4.87%) Unix
4 71 (4.02%) Android
5 66 (3.74%) Apple iOS
6 21 (1.19%) Windows
7 18 (1.02%) CentOS
8 4 (0.23%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
9 3 (0.17%) Windows Server
10 2 (0.11%) Debian
10 2 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 1 (0.057%) AIX
11 1 (0.057%) Solaris
11 1 (0.057%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,111 (62.87%) Agile Software Development
2 835 (47.26%) Microservices
3 759 (42.95%) TDD
4 601 (34.01%) Software Engineering
5 377 (21.34%) DevOps
6 346 (19.58%) Scrum
7 285 (16.13%) BDD
8 226 (12.79%) Test Automation
9 223 (12.62%) Fintech
10 204 (11.54%) Continuous Integration
10 204 (11.54%) Pair Programming
11 180 (10.19%) Mentoring
12 174 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
13 172 (9.73%) Kanban
14 169 (9.56%) Open Source
15 156 (8.83%) OO
16 137 (7.75%) Multithreading
17 135 (7.64%) Extreme Programming
18 130 (7.36%) Front End Development
19 126 (7.13%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 1,753 (99.21%) Java
2 448 (25.35%) JavaScript
3 333 (18.85%) SQL
4 167 (9.45%) Kotlin
5 154 (8.72%) Python
6 109 (6.17%) Scala
7 74 (4.19%) Ruby
8 69 (3.90%) C#
9 66 (3.74%) PHP
10 62 (3.51%) TypeScript
11 42 (2.38%) Java 9
12 39 (2.21%) Apple Swift
13 31 (1.75%) Groovy
14 27 (1.53%) AspectJ
15 24 (1.36%) C++
16 21 (1.19%) PL/SQL
17 14 (0.79%) Haskell
18 12 (0.68%) ES6
19 11 (0.62%) C
20 10 (0.57%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 101 (5.72%) Degree
2 81 (4.58%) Security Cleared
3 66 (3.74%) Computer Science Degree
4 43 (2.43%) SC Cleared
5 24 (1.36%) DV Cleared
6 6 (0.34%) CIW
6 6 (0.34%) Master's Degree
6 6 (0.34%) OCA
6 6 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
7 3 (0.17%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.057%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (2.83%) QA
2 4 (0.23%) GDPR
2 4 (0.23%) SEPA
3 3 (0.17%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 650 (36.79%) Docker
2 5 (0.28%) HDFS
3 4 (0.23%) OpenAM
3 4 (0.23%) OpenDJ
3 4 (0.23%) OpenIDM
4 3 (0.17%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.17%) Postfix
5 2 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.057%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 504 (28.52%) Kubernetes
2 70 (3.96%) Terraform
3 45 (2.55%) Ansible
4 39 (2.21%) Marathon
4 39 (2.21%) Mesos
5 19 (1.08%) Grafana
5 19 (1.08%) Kibana
6 18 (1.02%) Prometheus
7 17 (0.96%) Istio
7 17 (0.96%) Puppet
8 12 (0.68%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (0.57%) Rancher
10 7 (0.40%) Knative
10 7 (0.40%) Salt
11 6 (0.34%) Control-M
12 4 (0.23%) logstash
13 3 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
14 2 (0.11%) BladeLogic
15 1 (0.057%) Consul
15 1 (0.057%) Oozie
Vendors
1 173 (9.79%) Oracle
2 75 (4.24%) Google
3 44 (2.49%) Atlassian
4 42 (2.38%) Splunk
5 28 (1.58%) SAP
6 27 (1.53%) Zend
7 24 (1.36%) Adobe
8 17 (0.96%) Salesforce.com
9 13 (0.74%) Facebook
10 11 (0.62%) AppDynamics
11 8 (0.45%) Dell
11 8 (0.45%) Demandware
11 8 (0.45%) hybris
11 8 (0.45%) MuleSoft
12 7 (0.40%) Dynatrace
12 7 (0.40%) IBM
12 7 (0.40%) New Relic
12 7 (0.40%) TIBCO
13 6 (0.34%) Calypso
13 6 (0.34%) ForgeRock