Period
to 19 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Java 8 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Java SE 8
UK
6 months to
19 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 230 327 669
Rank change year-on-year +97 +342 +541
Permanent jobs citing Java 8 2,671 1,634 728
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.51% 0.95% 0.36%
As % of the Programming Languages category 2.69% 1.74% 0.68%
Number of salaries quoted 2,397 1,439 658
UK median annual salary £60,000 £60,000 £59,250
Median salary % change year-on-year - +1.27% +7.73%
10th Percentile £40,800 £36,250 £37,500
90th Percentile £85,000 £82,500 £82,150
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £49,250 £47,500
% change year-on-year +6.60% +3.68% +8.57%

Java 8 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 99,433 93,828 106,577
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 56.08% 54.55% 52.00%
Number of salaries quoted 83,625 80,109 91,971
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £46,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
10th Percentile £30,000 £28,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £78,750 £76,250 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £44,000 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% -

Java 8
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 8 as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Java 8.

Salary trend for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Java 8 over the 6 months to 19 April 2018.

Salary histogram for Java 8 in the UK

Java 8
Top 16 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Java 8 within the UK over the 6 months to 19 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +108 2,576 £60,000 - 567
London +114 1,693 £65,000 - 290
UK excluding London +78 958 £52,500 +6.60% 297
South East +135 394 £55,000 -8.33% 91
North of England -16 244 £47,500 - 90
North West -36 131 £50,000 +8.11% 57
Yorkshire +14 104 £47,500 -5.00% 24
Midlands +45 91 £52,500 +16.67% 44
East of England -42 82 £52,500 +5.00% 28
South West -13 69 £55,000 +17.02% 24
West Midlands +32 64 £50,000 +11.11% 28
Scotland -7 43 £57,000 +26.67% 7
Wales +28 32 £40,000 -23.81% 6
East Midlands +3 27 £67,500 +68.75% 16
North East -24 9 £61,000 +59.67% 9
Northern Ireland +5 3 £45,000 -37.93% 7

For the 6 months to 19 April 2018, IT jobs citing Java 8 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Java 8.

1 2,642 (98.91%) Java
2 1,815 (67.95%) Agile Software Development
3 1,629 (60.99%) Spring
4 1,283 (48.03%) TDD
5 878 (32.87%) Microservices
6 770 (28.83%) JavaScript
7 748 (28.00%) Software Engineering
8 714 (26.73%) Finance
9 698 (26.13%) Hibernate
10 664 (24.86%) SQL
11 631 (23.62%) Scrum
12 610 (22.84%) Amazon AWS
13 609 (22.80%) Spring Boot
14 599 (22.43%) BDD
15 549 (20.55%) AngularJS
15 549 (20.55%) DevOps
16 537 (20.10%) REST
17 519 (19.43%) RESTful
18 498 (18.64%) Docker
19 483 (18.08%) Maven
20 481 (18.01%) Git (software)
21 475 (17.78%) Web Services
22 468 (17.52%) NoSQL
23 449 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
24 422 (15.80%) HTML
25 421 (15.76%) Scala
26 396 (14.83%) Jenkins
27 379 (14.19%) Oracle
28 360 (13.48%) CSS
29 352 (13.18%) React

Java 8
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 260 (9.73%) Tomcat
2 177 (6.63%) Elasticsearch
3 158 (5.92%) Apache Spark
4 94 (3.52%) JBoss
5 90 (3.37%) Confluence
6 67 (2.51%) Apache
7 62 (2.32%) Mule
8 59 (2.21%) CMS
9 53 (1.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 46 (1.72%) WebSphere
11 40 (1.50%) Cloud Foundry
12 37 (1.39%) Apache Solr
13 33 (1.24%) WebLogic
14 28 (1.05%) Jetty
15 27 (1.01%) WildFly
16 23 (0.86%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 19 (0.71%) OpenStack
18 15 (0.56%) nginx
19 12 (0.45%) Oracle Coherence
20 10 (0.37%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 7 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
3 4 (0.15%) MS Visio
3 4 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.075%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.075%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 20 (0.75%) Payment Gateway
2 18 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
4 3 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.075%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.037%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 610 (22.84%) Amazon AWS
2 150 (5.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 118 (4.42%) GitHub
4 71 (2.66%) Google Cloud Platform
5 44 (1.65%) Serverless
6 43 (1.61%) PaaS
7 41 (1.54%) Slack
8 38 (1.42%) IaaS
9 31 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
10 27 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
11 21 (0.79%) AWS Lambda
11 21 (0.79%) SaaS
12 17 (0.64%) Amazon SQS
13 15 (0.56%) OpenShift
14 12 (0.45%) Amazon S3
15 10 (0.37%) Bluemix
15 10 (0.37%) IBM Cloud
16 9 (0.34%) npm
17 8 (0.30%) Amazon EMR
17 8 (0.30%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 44 (1.65%) Internet
2 39 (1.46%) HTTP
3 23 (0.86%) AMQP
4 9 (0.34%) ATM
5 8 (0.30%) OpenVPN
5 8 (0.30%) SMTP
6 6 (0.22%) NGN
7 4 (0.15%) FTP
7 4 (0.15%) Kerberos
7 4 (0.15%) SMS
8 3 (0.11%) DSL
9 2 (0.075%) DNS
9 2 (0.075%) HTTPS
9 2 (0.075%) PPP
9 2 (0.075%) Skype
9 2 (0.075%) SSH
9 2 (0.075%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.075%) Unified Communications
10 1 (0.037%) SSL
10 1 (0.037%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 468 (17.52%) NoSQL
2 283 (10.60%) MySQL
3 278 (10.41%) MongoDB
4 223 (8.35%) Big Data
5 201 (7.53%) Relational Database
6 194 (7.26%) Apache Cassandra
7 154 (5.77%) Hadoop
8 143 (5.35%) SQL Server
9 128 (4.79%) PostgreSQL
10 104 (3.89%) RDBMS
11 99 (3.71%) Blockchain
12 95 (3.56%) Redis
13 79 (2.96%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 62 (2.32%) Oracle Database
15 50 (1.87%) Neo4j
16 38 (1.42%) HBase
17 33 (1.24%) DB2
18 28 (1.05%) Data Lake
19 23 (0.86%) Couchbase
20 22 (0.82%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 483 (18.08%) Maven
2 481 (18.01%) Git (software)
3 396 (14.83%) Jenkins
4 299 (11.19%) JUnit
5 225 (8.42%) Gradle
6 192 (7.19%) JIRA
7 151 (5.65%) Selenium
8 150 (5.62%) Cucumber
9 77 (2.88%) Subversion
10 72 (2.70%) Eclipse
11 66 (2.47%) IntelliJ
12 64 (2.40%) TeamCity
13 61 (2.28%) Ant
14 56 (2.10%) Mockito
15 54 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
16 44 (1.65%) Babel
17 43 (1.61%) Mocha
18 42 (1.57%) SonarQube
19 33 (1.24%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 29 (1.09%) Vagrant
General
1 714 (26.73%) Finance
2 313 (11.72%) Banking
3 216 (8.09%) Games
4 161 (6.03%) Retail
5 87 (3.26%) Investment Banking
6 70 (2.62%) Front Office
7 68 (2.55%) Advertising
8 40 (1.50%) Online Betting
9 37 (1.39%) Publishing
10 30 (1.12%) Retail Banking
11 29 (1.09%) Financial Institution
12 27 (1.01%) Telecoms
13 25 (0.94%) Law
13 25 (0.94%) Marketing
14 14 (0.52%) Back Office
15 7 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
16 6 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.19%) Manufacturing
18 4 (0.15%) Aerospace
18 4 (0.15%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 2,068 (77.42%) Developer
2 1,841 (68.93%) Java Developer
3 595 (22.28%) Senior Developer
4 566 (21.19%) Senior Java Developer
5 402 (15.05%) Java Engineer
6 336 (12.58%) Software Engineer
7 278 (10.41%) Java Software Engineer
8 148 (5.54%) Lead Developer
9 132 (4.94%) Agile Developer
9 132 (4.94%) Agile Java Developer
10 130 (4.87%) Lead Java Developer
11 125 (4.68%) AWS Developer
12 121 (4.53%) Senior Java Engineer
13 113 (4.23%) Java Software Developer
14 110 (4.12%) Java Developer - Fintech
15 103 (3.86%) Full Stack Developer
16 98 (3.67%) Senior Software Engineer
16 98 (3.67%) Software Developer
17 96 (3.59%) Scala Developer
18 91 (3.41%) Developer/Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,629 (60.99%) Spring
2 698 (26.13%) Hibernate
3 609 (22.80%) Spring Boot
4 549 (20.55%) AngularJS
5 537 (20.10%) REST
6 519 (19.43%) RESTful
7 475 (17.78%) Web Services
8 422 (15.80%) HTML
9 360 (13.48%) CSS
10 352 (13.18%) React
11 283 (10.60%) Node.js
12 253 (9.47%) Kafka
13 239 (8.95%) J2EE
14 226 (8.46%) Java EE
15 204 (7.64%) HTML5
16 172 (6.44%) JPA
17 130 (4.87%) RabbitMQ
18 127 (4.75%) JSON
19 119 (4.46%) Redux
20 114 (4.27%) Spring MVC
Miscellaneous
1 329 (12.32%) Fintech
2 307 (11.49%) Greenfield Project
3 271 (10.15%) Computer Science
4 127 (4.75%) Analytical Skills
5 113 (4.23%) Mobile App
6 99 (3.71%) Self-Motivation
7 95 (3.56%) Algorithms
7 95 (3.56%) Enterprise Software
8 87 (3.26%) Data Structures
8 87 (3.26%) User Experience
9 66 (2.47%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 60 (2.25%) Online Games
11 40 (1.50%) Over-the-Top Content
12 39 (1.46%) Hedge funds
13 32 (1.20%) Derivative
14 27 (1.01%) Bitcoin
15 25 (0.94%) Linux Command Line
16 23 (0.86%) Xbox
17 22 (0.82%) Equities
17 22 (0.82%) Online Gambling
Operating Systems
1 351 (13.14%) Linux
2 132 (4.94%) Unix
3 68 (2.55%) Android
4 65 (2.43%) Apple iOS
5 17 (0.64%) Windows
6 9 (0.34%) Ubuntu
7 7 (0.26%) CentOS
8 6 (0.22%) Amazon Linux
8 6 (0.22%) CoreOS
9 5 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 4 (0.15%) Mac OS X
11 2 (0.075%) Oracle Linux
12 1 (0.037%) Mac OS
12 1 (0.037%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.037%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,815 (67.95%) Agile Software Development
2 1,283 (48.03%) TDD
3 878 (32.87%) Microservices
4 748 (28.00%) Software Engineering
5 631 (23.62%) Scrum
6 599 (22.43%) BDD
7 549 (20.55%) DevOps
8 449 (16.81%) Continuous Integration
9 298 (11.16%) MVC
10 277 (10.37%) Multithreading
10 277 (10.37%) Test Automation
11 265 (9.92%) Open Source
12 250 (9.36%) OO
13 239 (8.95%) E-Commerce
14 235 (8.80%) Mentoring
15 226 (8.46%) Kanban
16 206 (7.71%) Pair Programming
17 205 (7.68%) Problem-Solving
18 189 (7.08%) Web Development
19 185 (6.93%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 2,642 (98.91%) Java
2 770 (28.83%) JavaScript
3 664 (24.86%) SQL
4 421 (15.76%) Scala
5 258 (9.66%) Python
6 146 (5.47%) PHP
7 127 (4.75%) Java 9
8 78 (2.92%) Kotlin
8 78 (2.92%) Ruby
9 74 (2.77%) ES6
10 72 (2.70%) Groovy
11 71 (2.66%) C++
12 60 (2.25%) TypeScript
13 57 (2.13%) Go
14 49 (1.83%) C#
15 45 (1.68%) C
16 40 (1.50%) PL/SQL
17 38 (1.42%) Shell Script
18 35 (1.31%) Bash Shell
19 30 (1.12%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 329 (12.32%) Degree
2 111 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 36 (1.35%) Security Cleared
4 32 (1.20%) Master's Degree
5 23 (0.86%) PhD
6 22 (0.82%) SC Cleared
7 9 (0.34%) Oracle Certification
7 9 (0.34%) Sun Certification
8 8 (0.30%) AWS Certification
9 7 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
11 3 (0.11%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.037%) MCSD
12 1 (0.037%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.037%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (4.53%) QA
2 13 (0.49%) PSD2
3 11 (0.41%) SEPA
4 7 (0.26%) GCP
5 3 (0.11%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.11%) EMIR
5 3 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 3 (0.11%) PMO
6 2 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
6 2 (0.075%) GDPR
6 2 (0.075%) MiFID
6 2 (0.075%) WAI
6 2 (0.075%) WCAG
7 1 (0.037%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.037%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.037%) SLA
System Software
1 498 (18.64%) Docker
2 19 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 11 (0.41%) HDFS
4 8 (0.30%) Apache Flume
4 8 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.22%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.037%) DRBD
7 1 (0.037%) KVM
Systems Management
1 137 (5.13%) Kubernetes
2 115 (4.31%) Ansible
3 96 (3.59%) Puppet
4 80 (3.00%) Opscode Chef
5 56 (2.10%) Terraform
6 16 (0.60%) logstash
7 14 (0.52%) Kibana
8 12 (0.45%) Marathon
9 11 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
10 9 (0.34%) Ambari
11 8 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
12 7 (0.26%) Mesos
13 5 (0.19%) CA Wily
13 5 (0.19%) OpenView
13 5 (0.19%) Packer
13 5 (0.19%) Rancher
13 5 (0.19%) Salt
13 5 (0.19%) TeamSite
14 4 (0.15%) Grafana
14 4 (0.15%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 379 (14.19%) Oracle
2 110 (4.12%) Google
3 70 (2.62%) Splunk
4 52 (1.95%) AppDynamics
5 46 (1.72%) IBM
6 34 (1.27%) Microsoft
7 31 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
8 29 (1.09%) Sybase
9 19 (0.71%) hybris
10 18 (0.67%) Apple
10 18 (0.67%) Atlassian
11 17 (0.64%) MuleSoft
11 17 (0.64%) VMware
12 14 (0.52%) Capita
12 14 (0.52%) Cognizant
12 14 (0.52%) StreamBase
12 14 (0.52%) TIBCO
13 13 (0.49%) Sun
14 9 (0.34%) SAP
15 8 (0.30%) Jaspersoft