Period
to 23 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 23 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 9 14 22
Rank change year-on-year +5 +8 +6
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 12,850 12,391 13,846
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.03% 11.48% 9.33%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 16.25% 12.45% 10.11%
Number of salaries quoted 10,420 9,743 10,715
10th Percentile £38,750 £38,750 £37,500
25th Percentile £47,500 £47,500 £47,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £63,500 £63,700 £62,500
Median % change year-on-year -0.31% +1.92% -
75th Percentile £80,000 £82,500 £80,000
90th Percentile £95,000 £96,250 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £55,000 £53,500
% change year-on-year - +2.80% -

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,099 99,556 136,991
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.52% 92.22% 92.31%
Number of salaries quoted 60,404 79,992 108,656
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £40,000 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £55,000 £52,500
Median % change year-on-year - +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £70,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £90,000 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £48,900 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +2.95% +5.56% -

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 23 April 2021.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 11,528 £65,000 - 2,403
UK excluding London +10 6,469 £55,000 - 1,510
London 0 5,516 £75,000 - 1,029
Work from Home +7 3,000 £62,500 +8.70% 602
North of England +4 1,811 £54,000 +2.86% 446
South East +12 1,659 £58,000 +0.87% 344
South West +15 1,053 £52,500 +5.00% 199
Midlands +4 854 £55,000 - 220
North West +5 833 £53,750 -2.27% 246
Yorkshire +3 792 £55,000 +4.76% 146
West Midlands +4 624 £60,000 +9.09% 151
Scotland +11 548 £50,000 - 87
East of England +10 356 £60,000 +4.35% 158
East Midlands +5 218 £50,000 - 68
Wales +6 191 £47,500 -5.00% 46
North East +17 189 £50,000 +25.00% 54
Northern Ireland -3 35 £44,500 -1.11% 12
Isle of Man -12 2 £42,500 -

For the 6 months to 23 April 2021, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 6,507 (50.64%) Agile Software Development
2 6,357 (49.47%) Azure
3 5,359 (41.70%) AWS
4 4,189 (32.60%) Docker
5 3,989 (31.04%) Kubernetes
6 3,507 (27.29%) Terraform
7 3,399 (26.45%) Python
8 2,923 (22.75%) C#
9 2,915 (22.68%) JavaScript
10 2,806 (21.84%) Linux
11 2,795 (21.75%) SQL
12 2,707 (21.07%) Java
13 2,536 (19.74%) .NET
14 2,529 (19.68%) Microservices
15 2,310 (17.98%) Jenkins
16 2,292 (17.84%) Finance
17 2,236 (17.40%) Ansible
18 2,184 (17.00%) Software Engineering
19 2,141 (16.66%) Git (software)
20 2,121 (16.51%) Microsoft
21 2,045 (15.91%) Infrastructure as Code
22 2,036 (15.84%) Scrum
23 1,990 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
24 1,843 (14.34%) Test Automation
25 1,690 (13.15%) GCP
26 1,672 (13.01%) SQL Server
27 1,615 (12.57%) TDD
28 1,428 (11.11%) PowerShell
29 1,414 (11.00%) Windows
30 1,345 (10.47%) React

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 425 (3.31%) Confluence
2 367 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
3 279 (2.17%) SharePoint
4 278 (2.16%) Apache
5 232 (1.81%) Apache Spark
6 226 (1.76%) CMS
7 223 (1.74%) IIS
8 109 (0.85%) Apache Airflow
9 106 (0.82%) Umbraco
10 103 (0.80%) OpenStack
11 89 (0.69%) nginx
12 71 (0.55%) Sitecore CMS
13 69 (0.54%) WordPress
14 68 (0.53%) EPiServer
15 64 (0.50%) JBoss
16 60 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
16 60 (0.47%) Tomcat
17 46 (0.36%) Drupal
18 40 (0.31%) Kentico
19 33 (0.26%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 96 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
2 54 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
3 50 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
4 39 (0.30%) Sketch
5 30 (0.23%) InVision
6 22 (0.17%) Chatbot
7 21 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 20 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 15 (0.12%) Figma
10 13 (0.10%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 6 (0.047%) Revit
12 5 (0.039%) Adobe XD
12 5 (0.039%) AutoCAD
12 5 (0.039%) Photoshop
13 4 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
13 4 (0.031%) Fireworks
14 3 (0.023%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 144 (1.12%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.35%) Magento
3 30 (0.23%) R3 Corda
4 26 (0.20%) NetSuite
4 26 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 22 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 18 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
7 17 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 17 (0.13%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 16 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
9 14 (0.11%) nopCommerce
10 12 (0.093%) Loan IQ
11 9 (0.070%) SAP CRM
12 7 (0.054%) Oracle EBS
12 7 (0.054%) SAP Hybris
13 5 (0.039%) Remedy ITSM
14 4 (0.031%) Elite 3E
14 4 (0.031%) Oracle BPM
14 4 (0.031%) Oracle ERP
14 4 (0.031%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 6,357 (49.47%) Azure
2 5,359 (41.70%) AWS
3 1,690 (13.15%) GCP
4 1,162 (9.04%) Serverless
5 1,083 (8.43%) SaaS
6 1,003 (7.81%) PaaS
7 776 (6.04%) AWS CloudFormation
8 698 (5.43%) IaaS
9 548 (4.26%) GitHub
10 533 (4.15%) AWS Lambda
11 450 (3.50%) Azure Active Directory
12 413 (3.21%) Power Platform
13 370 (2.88%) Amazon EKS
14 365 (2.84%) Amazon EC2
15 342 (2.66%) Amazon ECS
16 313 (2.44%) Microsoft 365
17 300 (2.33%) Amazon S3
18 276 (2.15%) Azure Service Bus
19 273 (2.12%) OpenShift
20 270 (2.10%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 472 (3.67%) Firewall
2 184 (1.43%) VPN
3 179 (1.39%) DNS
4 155 (1.21%) Internet
5 154 (1.20%) HTTP
6 152 (1.18%) TCP/IP
7 137 (1.07%) Network Security
8 93 (0.72%) VLAN
9 77 (0.60%) WAN
10 75 (0.58%) IPv4
11 67 (0.52%) OSPF
12 64 (0.50%) SAN
13 57 (0.44%) LAN
14 56 (0.44%) DHCP
15 50 (0.39%) SSL
16 31 (0.24%) HTTPS
17 29 (0.23%) Cisco ASA
18 28 (0.22%) VoIP
19 27 (0.21%) Skype
20 25 (0.19%) DMZ
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,672 (13.01%) SQL Server
2 754 (5.87%) PostgreSQL
3 720 (5.60%) MySQL
4 696 (5.42%) NoSQL
5 654 (5.09%) MongoDB
6 583 (4.54%) Big Data
7 449 (3.49%) Relational Database
8 411 (3.20%) Azure SQL Database
9 357 (2.78%) Data Warehouse
10 302 (2.35%) Redis
11 292 (2.27%) Power BI
12 258 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
13 217 (1.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 205 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 201 (1.56%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 191 (1.49%) Data Lake
17 188 (1.46%) Hadoop
18 125 (0.97%) MariaDB
19 108 (0.84%) Apache Cassandra
20 103 (0.80%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 2,310 (17.98%) Jenkins
2 2,141 (16.66%) Git (software)
3 913 (7.11%) JIRA
4 576 (4.48%) GitLab
5 551 (4.29%) Selenium
6 462 (3.60%) TeamCity
7 389 (3.03%) Octopus Deploy
8 366 (2.85%) Team Foundation Server
9 352 (2.74%) Visual Studio
10 333 (2.59%) Maven
11 307 (2.39%) Bitbucket
12 276 (2.15%) Cucumber
13 270 (2.10%) Visual Studio Team System
14 247 (1.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 201 (1.56%) Postman
16 194 (1.51%) Artifactory
17 186 (1.45%) Cypress.io
18 170 (1.32%) JUnit
19 158 (1.23%) Gradle
20 153 (1.19%) SpecFlow
General
1 2,292 (17.84%) Finance
2 624 (4.86%) Public Sector
3 588 (4.58%) Banking
4 470 (3.66%) Marketing
5 403 (3.14%) Retail
6 319 (2.48%) Games
7 225 (1.75%) Law
8 188 (1.46%) Telecoms
9 185 (1.44%) Manufacturing
10 171 (1.33%) Electronics
11 150 (1.17%) Legal
12 96 (0.75%) Advertising
13 88 (0.68%) Automotive
14 82 (0.64%) Publishing
15 77 (0.60%) Investment Banking
16 71 (0.55%) Local Government
17 69 (0.54%) Back Office
18 58 (0.45%) Financial Institution
19 57 (0.44%) Billing
19 57 (0.44%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 3,518 (27.38%) Developer
2 3,331 (25.92%) DevOps Engineer
3 972 (7.56%) AWS Engineer
4 969 (7.54%) Senior Developer
5 869 (6.76%) Software Engineer
6 850 (6.61%) Architect
7 846 (6.58%) Senior DevOps
8 838 (6.52%) AWS DevOps
9 832 (6.47%) Azure Engineer
10 775 (6.03%) Senior DevOps Engineer
11 759 (5.91%) .NET Developer
12 738 (5.74%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 639 (4.97%) Java Developer
14 626 (4.87%) Cloud Engineer
15 584 (4.54%) C# Developer
16 517 (4.02%) Software Developer
17 513 (3.99%) Full Stack Developer
18 472 (3.67%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 431 (3.35%) Platform Engineer
20 360 (2.80%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,536 (19.74%) .NET
2 1,345 (10.47%) React
3 1,187 (9.24%) CSS
4 1,170 (9.11%) AngularJS
5 1,093 (8.51%) Node.js
6 1,088 (8.47%) HTML
7 1,078 (8.39%) .NET Core
8 1,022 (7.95%) Web Services
9 868 (6.75%) REST
10 754 (5.87%) .NET Framework
11 701 (5.46%) Kafka
12 681 (5.30%) ASP.NET
12 681 (5.30%) RESTful
13 671 (5.22%) Spring
14 508 (3.95%) Vue.js
15 498 (3.88%) Spring Boot
16 462 (3.60%) ASP.NET Web API
17 461 (3.59%) jQuery
18 366 (2.85%) HTML5
19 365 (2.84%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 733 (5.70%) Greenfield Project
2 560 (4.36%) Analytical Skills
3 543 (4.23%) Cloud Native
4 520 (4.05%) Public Cloud
5 449 (3.49%) User Experience
6 370 (2.88%) Mobile App
7 281 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
8 247 (1.92%) Data Centre
9 218 (1.70%) Hybrid Cloud
10 212 (1.65%) Linux Command Line
11 193 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
12 184 (1.43%) Management Information System
13 142 (1.11%) Organisational Skills
13 142 (1.11%) Virtual Team
14 139 (1.08%) N-Tier
15 121 (0.94%) Private Cloud
16 120 (0.93%) Algorithms
17 111 (0.86%) Blog
18 109 (0.85%) NHS
19 91 (0.71%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 2,806 (21.84%) Linux
2 1,414 (11.00%) Windows
3 486 (3.78%) Windows Server
4 472 (3.67%) Unix
5 309 (2.40%) CentOS
6 294 (2.29%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 217 (1.69%) Ubuntu
8 197 (1.53%) Android
9 152 (1.18%) Apple iOS
10 106 (0.82%) Windows Server 2016
11 100 (0.78%) Windows Server 2012
12 59 (0.46%) Windows Server 2019
13 46 (0.36%) Debian
14 40 (0.31%) VMS
15 31 (0.24%) Alpine Linux
16 22 (0.17%) Windows 10
17 21 (0.16%) Mac OS
17 21 (0.16%) Mac OS X
18 16 (0.12%) Solaris
19 14 (0.11%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,507 (50.64%) Agile Software Development
2 2,529 (19.68%) Microservices
3 2,184 (17.00%) Software Engineering
4 2,045 (15.91%) Infrastructure as Code
5 2,036 (15.84%) Scrum
6 1,990 (15.49%) Continuous Integration
7 1,843 (14.34%) Test Automation
8 1,615 (12.57%) TDD
9 1,218 (9.48%) Problem-Solving
10 1,204 (9.37%) Mentoring
11 1,086 (8.45%) Configuration Management
12 1,068 (8.31%) Fintech
13 894 (6.96%) Migration
14 873 (6.79%) Continuous Delivery
15 862 (6.71%) Analytics
16 850 (6.61%) BDD
17 832 (6.47%) SDLC
18 801 (6.23%) Deployment Automation
19 768 (5.98%) MVC
20 724 (5.63%) Site Reliability Engineering
Programming Languages
1 3,399 (26.45%) Python
2 2,923 (22.75%) C#
3 2,915 (22.68%) JavaScript
4 2,795 (21.75%) SQL
5 2,707 (21.07%) Java
6 1,428 (11.11%) PowerShell
7 1,019 (7.93%) Bash Shell
8 799 (6.22%) Go
9 776 (6.04%) TypeScript
10 724 (5.63%) Ruby
11 522 (4.06%) PHP
12 417 (3.25%) C++
13 376 (2.93%) T-SQL
14 350 (2.72%) Scala
15 269 (2.09%) Kotlin
16 235 (1.83%) C
17 215 (1.67%) Groovy
18 182 (1.42%) Java 8
19 177 (1.38%) Shell Script
20 173 (1.35%) Perl
Qualifications
1 963 (7.49%) Degree
2 900 (7.00%) Security Cleared
3 709 (5.52%) SC Cleared
4 300 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 229 (1.78%) AWS Certification
6 138 (1.07%) Microsoft Certification
7 109 (0.85%) ISTQB
8 107 (0.83%) DV Cleared
9 87 (0.68%) ISEB
10 61 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
11 53 (0.41%) CISSP
12 52 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
13 45 (0.35%) RHCE
14 39 (0.30%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 37 (0.29%) BPSS Clearance
16 35 (0.27%) GIAC
17 33 (0.26%) Master's Degree
18 25 (0.19%) SANS
19 21 (0.16%) CCNP
19 21 (0.16%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 760 (5.91%) QA
2 133 (1.04%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 126 (0.98%) SLA
4 125 (0.97%) GDPR
5 88 (0.68%) Data Quality
6 60 (0.47%) PCI DSS
7 58 (0.45%) NIST
8 40 (0.31%) GRC
9 34 (0.26%) WCAG
10 26 (0.20%) ISO 9001
11 24 (0.19%) PMO
12 19 (0.15%) MiFID
13 18 (0.14%) Dodd-Frank
13 18 (0.14%) EMIR
13 18 (0.14%) WAI
14 15 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 14 (0.11%) COBIT
15 14 (0.11%) SOC 2
16 11 (0.086%) HIPAA
17 10 (0.078%) NCSC
System Software
1 4,189 (32.60%) Docker
2 532 (4.14%) Active Directory
3 429 (3.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 144 (1.12%) Hyper-V
5 121 (0.94%) Virtual Machines
6 72 (0.56%) VMware ESXi
7 69 (0.54%) vSphere
8 32 (0.25%) Xen
9 23 (0.18%) HDFS
10 21 (0.16%) Firmware
11 15 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
12 14 (0.11%) LXC
13 13 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 13 (0.10%) Postfix
13 13 (0.10%) VMware NSX
14 9 (0.070%) KVM
14 9 (0.070%) NFS
15 8 (0.062%) Apache Flume
15 8 (0.062%) BitLocker
16 7 (0.054%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 3,989 (31.04%) Kubernetes
2 3,507 (27.29%) Terraform
3 2,236 (17.40%) Ansible
4 1,277 (9.94%) Puppet
5 1,011 (7.87%) Opscode Chef
6 426 (3.32%) Prometheus
7 364 (2.83%) Grafana
8 173 (1.35%) Packer
9 148 (1.15%) Istio
10 129 (1.00%) Nagios
11 127 (0.99%) SCCM
12 101 (0.79%) ZABBIX
13 97 (0.75%) Consul
14 90 (0.70%) Microsoft Intune
15 86 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
15 86 (0.67%) Graphite
16 84 (0.65%) Salt
17 75 (0.58%) Rancher
18 54 (0.42%) SCOM
19 42 (0.33%) Kibana
Vendors
1 2,121 (16.51%) Microsoft
2 846 (6.58%) Google
3 702 (5.46%) Oracle
4 587 (4.57%) VMware
5 338 (2.63%) Red Hat
6 207 (1.61%) SAP
7 192 (1.49%) Splunk
8 173 (1.35%) Salesforce.com
9 171 (1.33%) Cisco
10 162 (1.26%) Atlassian
11 145 (1.13%) IBM
12 136 (1.06%) Databricks
13 135 (1.05%) SaltStack
14 122 (0.95%) EnterpriseDB
15 108 (0.84%) New Relic
16 89 (0.69%) Sitecore
17 88 (0.68%) Nintex
18 67 (0.52%) ServiceNow
19 66 (0.51%) Adobe
20 58 (0.45%) SolarWinds