Period
to 23 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for DevOps skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited DevOps over the 6 months to 23 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

DevOps
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 8 18 23
Rank change year-on-year +10 +5 +15
Permanent jobs citing DevOps 8,552 14,366 13,792
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 15.79% 10.63% 8.47%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 17.11% 11.53% 9.21%
Number of salaries quoted 8,716 11,959 11,327
Median annual salary £60,000 £62,500 £62,500
Median salary % change year-on-year -4.00% - +4.17%
10th Percentile £38,750 £37,500 £37,500
90th Percentile £90,000 £95,000 £93,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £53,000 £55,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year -3.64% - +4.76%

DevOps is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 49,970 124,639 149,794
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 92.26% 92.19% 91.96%
Number of salaries quoted 41,486 98,615 119,146
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £29,000
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £49,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +4.65%

DevOps
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing DevOps as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing DevOps.

Salary trend for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing DevOps over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Salary histogram for DevOps in the UK

DevOps
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing DevOps within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 7,854 £62,500 -3.85% 1,801
UK excluding London +12 4,366 £53,000 -3.64% 1,193
London +3 3,868 £72,500 - 745
Work from Home +8 1,618 £57,500 -11.54% 427
North of England +8 1,193 £52,500 -3.64% 396
South East +10 1,142 £60,000 +4.35% 255
South West +18 648 £52,500 +5.00% 134
Midlands +15 622 £51,000 -1.97% 162
North West +8 570 £55,000 +2.21% 231
Yorkshire +7 511 £51,000 -7.27% 109
West Midlands +13 433 £51,000 -2.86% 107
Scotland +4 309 £50,000 - 97
East of England +12 260 £60,000 +9.09% 103
East Midlands +17 186 £50,500 +1.00% 55
Wales +13 179 £47,500 -5.00% 29
North East +18 112 £50,000 - 56
Northern Ireland -14 20 £50,000 -9.09% 17

For the 6 months to 23 November 2020, IT jobs citing DevOps also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for DevOps.

1 3,993 (46.69%) Agile Software Development
2 3,974 (46.47%) Azure
3 3,436 (40.18%) AWS
4 2,645 (30.93%) Docker
5 2,432 (28.44%) Python
6 2,393 (27.98%) Kubernetes
7 2,156 (25.21%) Terraform
8 1,967 (23.00%) SQL
9 1,910 (22.33%) C#
10 1,861 (21.76%) JavaScript
11 1,823 (21.32%) Linux
12 1,812 (21.19%) Java
13 1,763 (20.62%) .NET
14 1,758 (20.56%) Microservices
15 1,552 (18.15%) Finance
16 1,478 (17.28%) Jenkins
17 1,439 (16.83%) Git (software)
18 1,427 (16.69%) Ansible
19 1,370 (16.02%) Scrum
20 1,325 (15.49%) Microsoft
21 1,209 (14.14%) Test Automation
22 1,198 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
23 1,195 (13.97%) Software Engineering
24 1,167 (13.65%) SQL Server
25 1,057 (12.36%) TDD
26 1,048 (12.25%) GCP
27 1,023 (11.96%) Infrastructure as Code
28 954 (11.16%) Windows
29 934 (10.92%) Puppet
30 885 (10.35%) AngularJS

DevOps
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 322 (3.77%) Elasticsearch
2 238 (2.78%) Confluence
3 235 (2.75%) Apache
4 200 (2.34%) Apache Spark
5 193 (2.26%) SharePoint
6 135 (1.58%) IIS
7 119 (1.39%) CMS
8 75 (0.88%) Tomcat
9 74 (0.87%) NServiceBus
10 53 (0.62%) JBoss
11 50 (0.58%) Cloud Foundry
11 50 (0.58%) Umbraco
12 48 (0.56%) OpenStack
12 48 (0.56%) WebSphere
13 44 (0.51%) Sitecore CMS
14 42 (0.49%) nginx
14 42 (0.49%) WordPress
15 33 (0.39%) WebLogic
16 24 (0.28%) EPiServer
17 22 (0.26%) Jadu
Applications
1 69 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
2 62 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 31 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.23%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.16%) Chatbot
7 13 (0.15%) InVision
7 13 (0.15%) Sketch
7 13 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
8 11 (0.13%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 4 (0.047%) Figma
10 3 (0.035%) Adobe XD
11 2 (0.023%) Photoshop
12 1 (0.012%) Adobe Illustrator
12 1 (0.012%) InDesign
12 1 (0.012%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 74 (0.87%) Dynamics CRM
2 33 (0.39%) R3 Corda
3 31 (0.36%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 24 (0.28%) SAP Hybris
5 21 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
6 16 (0.19%) Magento
7 12 (0.14%) Loan IQ
7 12 (0.14%) Sentinel
8 10 (0.12%) NetSuite
8 10 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
9 9 (0.11%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.058%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.058%) SAP CRM
11 4 (0.047%) Payment Gateway
11 4 (0.047%) SAP IS-U
12 3 (0.035%) Dynamics AX
12 3 (0.035%) Shopify
13 2 (0.023%) Hyperion Planning
13 2 (0.023%) SAP R/3
13 2 (0.023%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 3,974 (46.47%) Azure
2 3,436 (40.18%) AWS
3 1,048 (12.25%) GCP
4 731 (8.55%) Serverless
5 611 (7.14%) SaaS
6 566 (6.62%) PaaS
7 499 (5.83%) AWS CloudFormation
8 479 (5.60%) AWS Lambda
9 423 (4.95%) IaaS
10 381 (4.46%) GitHub
11 230 (2.69%) Amazon EC2
11 230 (2.69%) Office 365
12 221 (2.58%) Azure Active Directory
13 215 (2.51%) Amazon ECS
14 208 (2.43%) Power Platform
15 188 (2.20%) Amazon EKS
16 187 (2.19%) Amazon S3
17 185 (2.16%) Cloud Computing
18 172 (2.01%) OpenShift
19 146 (1.71%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 284 (3.32%) Firewall
2 193 (2.26%) DNS
3 151 (1.77%) HTTP
4 149 (1.74%) Network Security
5 145 (1.70%) VPN
6 126 (1.47%) Internet
7 117 (1.37%) TCP/IP
8 98 (1.15%) WAN
9 92 (1.08%) LAN
10 85 (0.99%) Skype
11 52 (0.61%) DHCP
12 51 (0.60%) SAN
13 38 (0.44%) Wireless
14 37 (0.43%) VoIP
15 34 (0.40%) SSL
16 31 (0.36%) SSH
17 28 (0.33%) Wireshark
18 27 (0.32%) OSPF
18 27 (0.32%) Wi-Fi
19 25 (0.29%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,167 (13.65%) SQL Server
2 601 (7.03%) NoSQL
3 511 (5.98%) MongoDB
4 490 (5.73%) PostgreSQL
5 475 (5.55%) MySQL
6 378 (4.42%) Big Data
7 300 (3.51%) Relational Database
8 276 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
9 237 (2.77%) Azure SQL Database
10 179 (2.09%) Redis
11 158 (1.85%) Hadoop
12 146 (1.71%) Data Lake
12 146 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 141 (1.65%) Power BI
14 130 (1.52%) Amazon RDS
15 125 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 123 (1.44%) Amazon Redshift
17 116 (1.36%) Cosmos DB
18 98 (1.15%) Apache Cassandra
19 90 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 1,478 (17.28%) Jenkins
2 1,439 (16.83%) Git (software)
3 528 (6.17%) JIRA
4 444 (5.19%) Selenium
5 380 (4.44%) GitLab
6 342 (4.00%) TeamCity
7 276 (3.23%) Octopus Deploy
8 253 (2.96%) Team Foundation Server
9 213 (2.49%) Cucumber
10 212 (2.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 201 (2.35%) Bitbucket
12 175 (2.05%) Visual Studio Team System
13 168 (1.96%) Visual Studio
14 149 (1.74%) Maven
15 111 (1.30%) SpecFlow
16 110 (1.29%) Artifactory
17 101 (1.18%) Subversion
18 93 (1.09%) SonarQube
19 87 (1.02%) Gradle
19 87 (1.02%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 1,552 (18.15%) Finance
2 430 (5.03%) Banking
3 421 (4.92%) Public Sector
4 207 (2.42%) Games
5 206 (2.41%) Retail
6 197 (2.30%) Marketing
7 162 (1.89%) Law
8 109 (1.27%) Back Office
9 101 (1.18%) Telecoms
10 87 (1.02%) Manufacturing
11 80 (0.94%) Publishing
12 72 (0.84%) Legal
13 70 (0.82%) Advertising
14 68 (0.80%) Front Office
15 67 (0.78%) Electronics
16 41 (0.48%) Investment Banking
17 35 (0.41%) Local Government
18 33 (0.39%) Automotive
19 29 (0.34%) Financial Institution
20 17 (0.20%) Housing Association
Job Titles
1 2,561 (29.95%) Developer
2 2,330 (27.25%) DevOps Engineer
3 755 (8.83%) AWS Engineer
4 675 (7.89%) AWS DevOps
5 631 (7.38%) Senior Developer
6 599 (7.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 571 (6.68%) Architect
8 545 (6.37%) .NET Developer
9 512 (5.99%) Azure Engineer
10 502 (5.87%) Senior DevOps
11 447 (5.23%) Senior DevOps Engineer
12 385 (4.50%) Cloud Engineer
12 385 (4.50%) Software Engineer
13 373 (4.36%) C# Developer
14 359 (4.20%) Java Developer
15 354 (4.14%) Software Developer
16 338 (3.95%) Full Stack Developer
17 286 (3.34%) Platform Engineer
18 277 (3.24%) Azure DevOps Engineer
19 247 (2.89%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,763 (20.62%) .NET
2 885 (10.35%) AngularJS
3 841 (9.83%) HTML
4 836 (9.78%) React
5 833 (9.74%) CSS
6 801 (9.37%) .NET Core
7 749 (8.76%) Node.js
8 702 (8.21%) Web Services
9 524 (6.13%) ASP.NET
10 511 (5.98%) .NET Framework
11 497 (5.81%) REST
12 474 (5.54%) RESTful
13 438 (5.12%) Spring
14 372 (4.35%) Kafka
15 351 (4.10%) HTML5
16 332 (3.88%) ASP.NET Web API
17 321 (3.75%) Spring Boot
18 314 (3.67%) JSON
19 277 (3.24%) jQuery
20 252 (2.95%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 438 (5.12%) Greenfield Project
2 400 (4.68%) Cloud Native
3 349 (4.08%) Public Cloud
4 344 (4.02%) Analytical Skills
5 260 (3.04%) User Experience
6 211 (2.47%) Mobile App
7 181 (2.12%) Data Centre
8 142 (1.66%) Management Information System
9 133 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
10 131 (1.53%) Self-Motivation
11 108 (1.26%) Hedge funds
12 83 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
13 78 (0.91%) Virtual Team
14 74 (0.87%) Algorithms
15 70 (0.82%) Hybrid Cloud
16 65 (0.76%) N-Tier
17 62 (0.72%) Private Cloud
18 57 (0.67%) Data Structures
19 50 (0.58%) Replication
20 38 (0.44%) Internet of Things
Operating Systems
1 1,823 (21.32%) Linux
2 954 (11.16%) Windows
3 306 (3.58%) Unix
4 301 (3.52%) Windows Server
5 216 (2.53%) CentOS
6 201 (2.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 97 (1.13%) Ubuntu
8 95 (1.11%) Android
9 86 (1.01%) Apple iOS
10 66 (0.77%) Windows Server 2012
11 62 (0.72%) Debian
12 58 (0.68%) Windows Server 2016
13 30 (0.35%) Windows Server 2019
14 24 (0.28%) CoreOS
15 21 (0.25%) VMS
16 19 (0.22%) Windows 10
17 18 (0.21%) Mac OS X
18 16 (0.19%) zOS
19 13 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
20 12 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,993 (46.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,758 (20.56%) Microservices
3 1,370 (16.02%) Scrum
4 1,209 (14.14%) Test Automation
5 1,198 (14.01%) Continuous Integration
6 1,195 (13.97%) Software Engineering
7 1,057 (12.36%) TDD
8 1,023 (11.96%) Infrastructure as Code
9 764 (8.93%) Fintech
10 746 (8.72%) Problem-Solving
11 710 (8.30%) Configuration Management
12 693 (8.10%) Mentoring
13 550 (6.43%) BDD
14 521 (6.09%) Analytics
14 521 (6.09%) Migration
15 515 (6.02%) MVC
16 471 (5.51%) Deployment Automation
17 465 (5.44%) SDLC
18 434 (5.07%) OO
19 397 (4.64%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,432 (28.44%) Python
2 1,967 (23.00%) SQL
3 1,910 (22.33%) C#
4 1,861 (21.76%) JavaScript
5 1,812 (21.19%) Java
6 821 (9.60%) PowerShell
7 601 (7.03%) Bash Shell
8 505 (5.91%) Go
9 415 (4.85%) Ruby
10 393 (4.60%) TypeScript
11 337 (3.94%) PHP
12 299 (3.50%) C++
13 273 (3.19%) T-SQL
14 259 (3.03%) Scala
15 183 (2.14%) Kotlin
16 153 (1.79%) Perl
17 138 (1.61%) Shell Script
18 126 (1.47%) C
19 114 (1.33%) Java 8
20 87 (1.02%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 634 (7.41%) Degree
2 486 (5.68%) Security Cleared
3 358 (4.19%) SC Cleared
4 167 (1.95%) AWS Certification
5 164 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 92 (1.08%) Cisco Certification
6 92 (1.08%) ISTQB
7 75 (0.88%) DV Cleared
8 72 (0.84%) Microsoft Certification
9 60 (0.70%) CISSP
10 54 (0.63%) ISEB
11 52 (0.61%) CCNA
12 44 (0.51%) PhD
13 43 (0.50%) ITIL Certification
14 41 (0.48%) Sun Certification
15 33 (0.39%) Master's Degree
16 31 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
17 27 (0.32%) CCNP
18 22 (0.26%) PMI Certification
19 20 (0.23%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 519 (6.07%) QA
2 104 (1.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 88 (1.03%) SLA
4 78 (0.91%) NIST
5 72 (0.84%) GDPR
6 33 (0.39%) PMO
7 30 (0.35%) PCI DSS
8 23 (0.27%) Data Quality
9 19 (0.22%) EMIR
10 17 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
10 17 (0.20%) MiFID
11 12 (0.14%) NIST 800
12 11 (0.13%) COBIT
13 8 (0.094%) NCSC
13 8 (0.094%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 7 (0.082%) WCAG
15 6 (0.070%) ISO 22301
15 6 (0.070%) ISO 9001
16 4 (0.047%) Cyber Essentials
16 4 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 2,645 (30.93%) Docker
2 342 (4.00%) Active Directory
3 222 (2.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 101 (1.18%) Hyper-V
5 84 (0.98%) vSphere
6 60 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
7 30 (0.35%) XenApp
8 27 (0.32%) VirtualBox
9 20 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 19 (0.22%) Firmware
10 19 (0.22%) Virtual Desktop
11 15 (0.18%) XenDesktop
12 13 (0.15%) HDFS
13 12 (0.14%) GlusterFS
14 11 (0.13%) Xen
15 10 (0.12%) LXC
16 8 (0.094%) VMware NSX
17 7 (0.082%) Microcode
17 7 (0.082%) Virtual Servers
17 7 (0.082%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 2,393 (27.98%) Kubernetes
2 2,156 (25.21%) Terraform
3 1,427 (16.69%) Ansible
4 934 (10.92%) Puppet
5 649 (7.59%) Opscode Chef
6 244 (2.85%) Grafana
7 213 (2.49%) Prometheus
8 78 (0.91%) Nagios
9 69 (0.81%) Istio
10 59 (0.69%) Kibana
11 58 (0.68%) Packer
11 58 (0.68%) SCCM
12 54 (0.63%) Graphite
13 45 (0.53%) Microsoft Intune
14 38 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
15 35 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
16 34 (0.40%) logstash
17 33 (0.39%) Consul
18 31 (0.36%) Rancher
19 30 (0.35%) Salt
Vendors
1 1,325 (15.49%) Microsoft
2 559 (6.54%) Google
3 435 (5.09%) Oracle
4 358 (4.19%) VMware
5 210 (2.46%) Red Hat
6 177 (2.07%) Splunk
7 143 (1.67%) Cisco
8 136 (1.59%) Salesforce.com
9 126 (1.47%) SAP
10 98 (1.15%) Atlassian
10 98 (1.15%) IBM
11 93 (1.09%) New Relic
12 88 (1.03%) ServiceNow
13 82 (0.96%) EnterpriseDB
14 76 (0.89%) Databricks
15 63 (0.74%) SaltStack
16 54 (0.63%) Sitecore
17 50 (0.58%) CheckPoint
18 49 (0.57%) SolarWinds
19 48 (0.56%) Citrix