Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 3 4 4
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 28,164 36,604 36,400
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.55% 21.06% 21.02%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.20% 37.54% 38.06%
Number of salaries quoted 23,714 30,582 30,923
UK median annual salary £49,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.21% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £79,000 £75,000 £71,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 77,808 97,501 95,649
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.00% 56.09% 55.23%
Number of salaries quoted 63,704 81,144 80,731
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% -
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,133
% change year-on-year - +6.81% +5.33%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 25,991 £50,000 +5.26% 1,918
UK excluding London 0 16,295 £42,500 - 1,390
London 0 11,325 £60,000 +4.35% 632
South East +1 5,330 £45,000 - 313
North of England -1 3,712 £42,500 - 410
Midlands 0 2,462 £40,000 - 277
South West 0 1,824 £40,000 - 149
North West -1 1,800 £42,500 +1.19% 206
Yorkshire -1 1,644 £42,500 - 158
West Midlands 0 1,530 £42,500 +3.66% 164
East of England -1 1,297 £45,000 - 142
Scotland 0 1,243 £44,925 -0.17% 65
East Midlands -1 924 £40,000 - 113
Wales -1 324 £37,500 -6.25% 36
North East +2 274 £37,500 -11.76% 46
Northern Ireland +2 131 £40,000 +15.94% 2
Isle of Man 0 10 £50,000 +23.46%
Channel Islands +3 4 £52,500 +16.67% 1

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 9,271 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
2 9,252 (32.85%) C#
3 8,827 (31.34%) SQL Server
4 8,492 (30.15%) .NET
5 6,663 (23.66%) Microsoft
6 6,657 (23.64%) JavaScript
7 6,415 (22.78%) Finance
8 5,664 (20.11%) Java
9 5,421 (19.25%) Microsoft Azure
10 4,724 (16.77%) Business Intelligence
11 4,597 (16.32%) HTML
12 4,412 (15.67%) Python
13 4,210 (14.95%) ASP.NET
14 4,109 (14.59%) Windows
15 4,060 (14.42%) CSS
16 3,940 (13.99%) Oracle
17 3,929 (13.95%) T-SQL
18 3,789 (13.45%) MVC
19 3,712 (13.18%) Degree
20 3,448 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
21 3,405 (12.09%) Amazon AWS
22 3,323 (11.80%) Linux
23 3,237 (11.49%) Software Engineering
24 3,211 (11.40%) Analytics
25 3,141 (11.15%) Analytical Skills
26 3,039 (10.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
27 2,943 (10.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
28 2,887 (10.25%) DevOps
29 2,845 (10.10%) Git (software)
30 2,801 (9.95%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,094 (3.88%) SharePoint
2 1,050 (3.73%) IIS
3 868 (3.08%) Apache Spark
4 641 (2.28%) Apache
5 543 (1.93%) Tomcat
6 467 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
7 461 (1.64%) SAS
8 404 (1.43%) Confluence
9 326 (1.16%) MS Exchange
10 278 (0.99%) CMS
11 260 (0.92%) Oracle Workflow
12 212 (0.75%) JBoss
13 211 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
14 179 (0.64%) WebSphere
15 175 (0.62%) WebLogic
16 159 (0.56%) Umbraco
17 146 (0.52%) nginx
18 132 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 125 (0.44%) Apache Pig
20 121 (0.43%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 1,397 (4.96%) Microsoft Excel
2 953 (3.38%) Microsoft Office
3 171 (0.61%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 101 (0.36%) MS Visio
5 98 (0.35%) SPSS
6 71 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
7 53 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 44 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 25 (0.089%) Stata
10 21 (0.075%) Photoshop
11 19 (0.067%) Sketch
12 17 (0.060%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 14 (0.050%) InfoPath
14 13 (0.046%) AutoCAD
15 12 (0.043%) Zeplin
16 9 (0.032%) HipChat
16 9 (0.032%) InVision
16 9 (0.032%) S-PLUS
17 6 (0.021%) SPSS Modeler
18 5 (0.018%) Maple
Business Applications
1 449 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 207 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
3 190 (0.67%) Dynamics AX
4 152 (0.54%) thinkFolio
5 128 (0.45%) Markit EDM
6 122 (0.43%) Oracle EBS R12
7 112 (0.40%) Dynamics NAV
8 104 (0.37%) Magento
9 84 (0.30%) Front Arena
10 82 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
11 70 (0.25%) NetSuite
12 64 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
13 55 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
14 50 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
15 48 (0.17%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 48 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
16 47 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
17 44 (0.16%) SAP Business One
18 41 (0.15%) Oracle Assets
19 40 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 5,421 (19.25%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,405 (12.09%) Amazon AWS
3 2,223 (7.89%) Power Platform
4 996 (3.54%) Office 365
5 978 (3.47%) SaaS
6 831 (2.95%) Google Cloud Platform
7 491 (1.74%) PaaS
8 437 (1.55%) Serverless
9 405 (1.44%) GitHub
10 349 (1.24%) IaaS
11 319 (1.13%) Azure Data Factory
12 297 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
13 282 (1.00%) Dynamics 365
14 231 (0.82%) Amazon S3
15 222 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
16 220 (0.78%) Azure Active Directory
17 164 (0.58%) AWS Lambda
18 160 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
19 143 (0.51%) Azure Functions
20 141 (0.50%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 666 (2.36%) Firewall
2 553 (1.96%) DNS
3 489 (1.74%) TCP/IP
4 365 (1.30%) WAN
5 363 (1.29%) SAN
6 335 (1.19%) Internet
7 332 (1.18%) DHCP
8 320 (1.14%) LAN
9 310 (1.10%) HTTP
10 251 (0.89%) VPN
11 198 (0.70%) SSL
12 186 (0.66%) VoIP
13 175 (0.62%) VLAN
14 128 (0.45%) Network Security
15 126 (0.45%) Wireless
16 122 (0.43%) Broadband
17 121 (0.43%) Skype
18 110 (0.39%) FTP
19 99 (0.35%) NAS
20 94 (0.33%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8,827 (31.34%) SQL Server
2 3,039 (10.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,943 (10.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,801 (9.95%) Data Warehouse
5 2,201 (7.81%) Relational Database
6 2,178 (7.73%) Power BI
7 2,069 (7.35%) NoSQL
8 1,641 (5.83%) MySQL
9 1,638 (5.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,617 (5.74%) Big Data
11 1,134 (4.03%) Hadoop
12 1,067 (3.79%) PostgreSQL
13 943 (3.35%) MongoDB
14 826 (2.93%) SQL Server 2012
15 798 (2.83%) Azure SQL Database
16 751 (2.67%) Oracle Database
17 692 (2.46%) RDBMS
18 675 (2.40%) SQL Server 2008
19 673 (2.39%) QlikView
20 631 (2.24%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 2,845 (10.10%) Git (software)
2 1,523 (5.41%) Visual Studio
3 1,448 (5.14%) JIRA
4 1,313 (4.66%) Jenkins
5 1,251 (4.44%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,073 (3.81%) Selenium
7 568 (2.02%) TeamCity
8 546 (1.94%) Cucumber
9 543 (1.93%) Subversion
10 467 (1.66%) Maven
11 427 (1.52%) Visual Studio Team System
12 386 (1.37%) JUnit
13 377 (1.34%) SpecFlow
14 327 (1.16%) Octopus Deploy
15 325 (1.15%) NUnit
16 294 (1.04%) SoapUI
17 267 (0.95%) WebDriver
18 235 (0.83%) Oracle Forms
19 232 (0.82%) Eclipse
20 227 (0.81%) Bitbucket
General
1 6,415 (22.78%) Finance
2 1,716 (6.09%) Banking
3 1,330 (4.72%) Retail
4 1,282 (4.55%) Marketing
5 700 (2.49%) Front Office
6 605 (2.15%) Manufacturing
7 534 (1.90%) Telecoms
8 456 (1.62%) Games
9 401 (1.42%) Legal
10 383 (1.36%) Law
11 363 (1.29%) Advertising
12 346 (1.23%) Investment Banking
13 296 (1.05%) Back Office
14 257 (0.91%) Financial Institution
15 209 (0.74%) Electronics
16 116 (0.41%) Billing
17 107 (0.38%) French Language
18 106 (0.38%) German Language
19 97 (0.34%) Spanish Language
20 95 (0.34%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 12,338 (43.81%) Developer
2 4,660 (16.55%) Analyst
3 3,234 (11.48%) .NET Developer
4 3,028 (10.75%) C# Developer
5 2,159 (7.67%) SQL Developer
6 2,101 (7.46%) Software Developer
7 1,948 (6.92%) Senior Developer
8 1,896 (6.73%) C# .NET Developer
9 1,631 (5.79%) Java Developer
10 1,433 (5.09%) Applications Support
11 1,301 (4.62%) Software Engineer
12 1,290 (4.58%) Support Analyst
13 1,231 (4.37%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 1,019 (3.62%) Junior
15 996 (3.54%) Consultant
16 957 (3.40%) Architect
17 944 (3.35%) DBA
18 925 (3.28%) Data Analyst
19 816 (2.90%) Data Engineer
20 781 (2.77%) SQL Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8,492 (30.15%) .NET
2 4,597 (16.32%) HTML
3 4,210 (14.95%) ASP.NET
4 4,060 (14.42%) CSS
5 2,648 (9.40%) AngularJS
6 2,553 (9.06%) Web Services
7 2,255 (8.01%) XML
8 1,803 (6.40%) .NET Framework
9 1,762 (6.26%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,686 (5.99%) jQuery
11 1,642 (5.83%) ASP.NET Web API
12 1,483 (5.27%) REST
13 1,456 (5.17%) React
14 1,420 (5.04%) Spring
15 1,369 (4.86%) RESTful
16 1,169 (4.15%) .NET Core
17 1,158 (4.11%) JSON
18 1,157 (4.11%) SOAP
19 1,097 (3.90%) HTML5
20 975 (3.46%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 3,141 (11.15%) Analytical Skills
2 1,207 (4.29%) Greenfield Project
3 881 (3.13%) Self-Motivation
4 750 (2.66%) Enterprise Software
5 679 (2.41%) Algorithms
6 648 (2.30%) Management Information System
7 624 (2.22%) User Experience
8 613 (2.18%) Hedge funds
9 602 (2.14%) Mobile App
10 564 (2.00%) Data Structures
11 552 (1.96%) Fixed Income
12 511 (1.81%) Derivative
13 504 (1.79%) Equities
14 499 (1.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 393 (1.40%) Clustering
16 361 (1.28%) Data Centre
17 356 (1.26%) Replication
18 238 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
19 233 (0.83%) Public Cloud
20 206 (0.73%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 4,109 (14.59%) Windows
2 3,323 (11.80%) Linux
3 1,643 (5.83%) Unix
4 1,553 (5.51%) Windows Server
5 446 (1.58%) Windows Server 2012
6 420 (1.49%) Android
7 391 (1.39%) Windows Server 2008
8 335 (1.19%) Apple iOS
9 293 (1.04%) Windows 10
10 279 (0.99%) Windows 7
11 198 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 146 (0.52%) CentOS
13 131 (0.47%) Ubuntu
14 122 (0.43%) Debian
15 101 (0.36%) Solaris
16 100 (0.36%) Windows 8
17 92 (0.33%) AIX
18 78 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
19 65 (0.23%) Mac OS
20 33 (0.12%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 9,271 (32.92%) Agile Software Development
2 4,724 (16.77%) Business Intelligence
3 3,789 (13.45%) MVC
4 3,448 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
5 3,237 (11.49%) Software Engineering
6 3,211 (11.40%) Analytics
7 2,887 (10.25%) DevOps
8 2,761 (9.80%) Scrum
9 2,662 (9.45%) ETL
10 2,599 (9.23%) TDD
11 2,574 (9.14%) Test Automation
12 2,128 (7.56%) Computer Science
13 2,066 (7.34%) SDLC
14 1,847 (6.56%) OO
15 1,810 (6.43%) Continuous Integration
16 1,718 (6.10%) Data Modelling
17 1,557 (5.53%) ITIL
18 1,518 (5.39%) Visualisation
19 1,469 (5.22%) Mentoring
20 1,464 (5.20%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 9,252 (32.85%) C#
2 6,657 (23.64%) JavaScript
3 5,664 (20.11%) Java
4 4,412 (15.67%) Python
5 3,929 (13.95%) T-SQL
6 1,723 (6.12%) PowerShell
7 1,530 (5.43%) PL/SQL
8 1,169 (4.15%) C++
9 1,104 (3.92%) R
10 1,097 (3.90%) PHP
11 764 (2.71%) VB.NET
12 741 (2.63%) VBA
13 725 (2.57%) C
14 702 (2.49%) Scala
15 594 (2.11%) VB
16 571 (2.03%) Bash Shell
17 518 (1.84%) TypeScript
18 491 (1.74%) Perl
19 478 (1.70%) Shell Script
20 460 (1.63%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 3,712 (13.18%) Degree
2 853 (3.03%) Computer Science Degree
3 770 (2.73%) Security Cleared
4 557 (1.98%) Microsoft Certification
5 381 (1.35%) SC Cleared
6 357 (1.27%) ISTQB
7 285 (1.01%) ISEB
8 209 (0.74%) MCSE
9 203 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
10 178 (0.63%) MCSA
11 177 (0.63%) PhD
12 172 (0.61%) DV Cleared
13 167 (0.59%) Master's Degree
14 150 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
15 145 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 129 (0.46%) CCNA
17 119 (0.42%) MCP
18 111 (0.39%) HND
19 82 (0.29%) ITIL Certification
19 82 (0.29%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,855 (6.59%) QA
2 620 (2.20%) Data Quality
3 537 (1.91%) SLA
4 333 (1.18%) GDPR
5 140 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 56 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 52 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 51 (0.18%) PMO
9 46 (0.16%) HL7
10 40 (0.14%) MiFID
11 35 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
11 35 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
12 34 (0.12%) Solvency II
13 30 (0.11%) DICOM
14 26 (0.092%) COBIT
14 26 (0.092%) HIPAA
15 25 (0.089%) ISO 9001
16 23 (0.082%) ISO 20022
16 23 (0.082%) WAI
17 20 (0.071%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,585 (5.63%) Active Directory
2 1,459 (5.18%) Docker
3 885 (3.14%) VMware Infrastructure
4 715 (2.54%) Hyper-V
5 236 (0.84%) XenApp
6 167 (0.59%) vSphere
7 157 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
8 137 (0.49%) XenDesktop
9 135 (0.48%) VMware ESXi
10 119 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 102 (0.36%) HDFS
12 80 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
13 72 (0.26%) Virtual Servers
14 60 (0.21%) Microsoft App-V
15 52 (0.18%) Apache Flume
16 50 (0.18%) VirtualBox
17 39 (0.14%) Terminal Services
18 34 (0.12%) Citrix Hypervisor
19 32 (0.11%) Xen
20 25 (0.089%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 783 (2.78%) Kubernetes
2 631 (2.24%) Ansible
3 454 (1.61%) Puppet
4 390 (1.38%) Terraform
5 382 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
6 362 (1.29%) SCCM
7 159 (0.56%) SCOM
8 121 (0.43%) Nagios
9 118 (0.42%) Oozie
10 111 (0.39%) HP Quality Center
11 98 (0.35%) Kibana
12 80 (0.28%) WSUS
13 72 (0.26%) HP ALM
14 70 (0.25%) Failover Clustering
15 69 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
15 69 (0.24%) Prometheus
16 68 (0.24%) ZABBIX
17 65 (0.23%) Ambari
17 65 (0.23%) Microsoft Intune
18 64 (0.23%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 6,663 (23.66%) Microsoft
2 3,940 (13.99%) Oracle
3 1,554 (5.52%) Tableau
4 1,293 (4.59%) VMware
5 873 (3.10%) Google
6 855 (3.04%) SAP
7 548 (1.95%) IBM
8 530 (1.88%) Citrix
9 476 (1.69%) Cisco
10 437 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
11 310 (1.10%) Informatica
12 303 (1.08%) HP
13 259 (0.92%) Red Hat
14 224 (0.80%) Xamarin
15 216 (0.77%) Cloudera
16 211 (0.75%) Databricks
17 210 (0.75%) Cognos
18 207 (0.73%) Talend
19 206 (0.73%) Atlassian
20 184 (0.65%) Adobe