Period
to 14 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 14 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
14 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 25,561 33,691 35,969
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.56% 20.62% 20.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.74% 37.10% 37.43%
Number of salaries quoted 21,488 28,375 30,002
UK median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £29,250 £29,250 £27,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £72,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 73,569 90,803 96,106
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 53.43% 55.57% 55.32%
Number of salaries quoted 60,294 75,547 78,834
UK median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £48,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +4.17% +1.05%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,190 £29,000
90th Percentile £86,250 £82,500 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 14 October 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 14 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 23,629 £50,000 +3.09% 4,290
UK excluding London 0 14,789 £42,500 - 3,125
London 0 10,221 £60,000 - 1,465
South East 0 4,780 £45,000 - 808
North of England -1 3,364 £42,500 - 844
Midlands 0 2,308 £42,500 +6.25% 522
North West -1 1,716 £42,500 - 447
South West -1 1,688 £40,000 - 351
West Midlands 0 1,425 £44,000 +6.02% 319
Yorkshire -1 1,405 £42,500 - 311
East of England -1 1,212 £45,000 +2.27% 306
Scotland 0 1,022 £44,000 -2.22% 192
East Midlands -1 873 £40,000 - 199
Wales -1 330 £42,500 +6.25% 86
North East +2 244 £41,852 -1.52% 86
Northern Ireland +3 91 £35,000 -6.67% 22
Channel Islands +8 9 £47,500 +5.56% 1
Isle of Man +3 5 £45,000 +16.13%

For the 6 months to 14 October 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 8,374 (32.76%) C#
2 8,273 (32.37%) Agile Software Development
3 7,997 (31.29%) SQL Server
4 7,546 (29.52%) .NET
5 5,925 (23.18%) Microsoft
6 5,792 (22.66%) JavaScript
7 5,674 (22.20%) Finance
8 5,404 (21.14%) Azure
9 4,794 (18.76%) Java
10 4,346 (17.00%) Business Intelligence
11 4,268 (16.70%) Python
12 3,804 (14.88%) HTML
13 3,502 (13.70%) T-SQL
14 3,490 (13.65%) ASP.NET
15 3,453 (13.51%) Windows
16 3,385 (13.24%) Oracle
17 3,380 (13.22%) AWS
18 3,242 (12.68%) CSS
19 3,229 (12.63%) Degree
20 3,223 (12.61%) MVC
21 3,128 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
22 3,046 (11.92%) Analytics
23 2,884 (11.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 2,777 (10.86%) Git (software)
25 2,773 (10.85%) Linux
26 2,754 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
27 2,729 (10.68%) DevOps
28 2,701 (10.57%) Software Engineering
29 2,700 (10.56%) Data Warehouse
30 2,681 (10.49%) ETL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 967 (3.78%) SharePoint
2 807 (3.16%) Apache Spark
3 776 (3.04%) IIS
4 410 (1.60%) Apache
5 401 (1.57%) SAS
6 383 (1.50%) Confluence
7 372 (1.46%) Elasticsearch
8 367 (1.44%) Tomcat
9 308 (1.20%) MS Exchange
10 257 (1.01%) CMS
11 193 (0.76%) Oracle Workflow
12 184 (0.72%) JBoss
13 163 (0.64%) WebSphere
14 156 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
15 151 (0.59%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 140 (0.55%) Umbraco
17 122 (0.48%) WebLogic
18 106 (0.41%) Apache Solr
19 105 (0.41%) nginx
20 101 (0.40%) WordPress
Applications
1 1,395 (5.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 824 (3.22%) Microsoft Office
3 161 (0.63%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 110 (0.43%) MS Visio
5 101 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
6 98 (0.38%) SPSS
7 42 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
8 28 (0.11%) Photoshop
9 23 (0.090%) Stata
10 17 (0.067%) S-PLUS
11 16 (0.063%) Chatbot
12 13 (0.051%) Adobe Illustrator
13 11 (0.043%) InfoPath
14 9 (0.035%) AutoCAD
14 9 (0.035%) Sketch
15 6 (0.023%) Revit
15 6 (0.023%) Zeplin
16 5 (0.020%) Adobe Creative Suite
16 5 (0.020%) Maya
16 5 (0.020%) SPSS Modeler
Business Applications
1 375 (1.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 201 (0.79%) thinkFolio
3 177 (0.69%) Markit EDM
4 168 (0.66%) Oracle EBS
5 130 (0.51%) Dynamics AX
5 130 (0.51%) Front Arena
6 115 (0.45%) Payment Gateway
7 95 (0.37%) Oracle EBS R12
8 94 (0.37%) NetSuite
9 93 (0.36%) Dynamics NAV
10 87 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
11 80 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
12 68 (0.27%) SAP Business One
13 64 (0.25%) Magento
14 54 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
15 46 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
16 44 (0.17%) Adobe Campaign
16 44 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
17 39 (0.15%) Dynamics GP
17 39 (0.15%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 5,404 (21.14%) Azure
2 3,380 (13.22%) AWS
3 2,258 (8.83%) Power Platform
4 954 (3.73%) Office 365
5 876 (3.43%) SaaS
6 801 (3.13%) GCP
7 446 (1.74%) PaaS
8 386 (1.51%) Serverless
9 361 (1.41%) GitHub
10 359 (1.40%) Cloud Computing
11 309 (1.21%) IaaS
12 301 (1.18%) Azure Data Factory
13 286 (1.12%) Dynamics 365
14 273 (1.07%) Amazon S3
15 255 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
16 233 (0.91%) Azure Active Directory
17 138 (0.54%) Google Analytics
18 134 (0.52%) Azure Functions
19 132 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
20 129 (0.50%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 572 (2.24%) Firewall
2 503 (1.97%) DNS
3 455 (1.78%) TCP/IP
4 334 (1.31%) Internet
5 331 (1.29%) DHCP
6 314 (1.23%) SAN
7 297 (1.16%) HTTP
8 292 (1.14%) WAN
9 247 (0.97%) LAN
10 187 (0.73%) VPN
11 158 (0.62%) VoIP
12 134 (0.52%) Skype
13 132 (0.52%) VLAN
14 125 (0.49%) SSL
15 112 (0.44%) Wireless
16 99 (0.39%) Network Security
17 96 (0.38%) FTP
18 84 (0.33%) NAS
19 79 (0.31%) NetScaler
20 74 (0.29%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7,997 (31.29%) SQL Server
2 2,884 (11.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,700 (10.56%) Data Warehouse
4 2,563 (10.03%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 2,212 (8.65%) Power BI
6 2,008 (7.86%) Relational Database
7 1,811 (7.09%) NoSQL
8 1,539 (6.02%) Big Data
9 1,448 (5.66%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,369 (5.36%) MySQL
11 1,160 (4.54%) PostgreSQL
12 881 (3.45%) Hadoop
13 812 (3.18%) MongoDB
14 740 (2.90%) Azure SQL Database
15 733 (2.87%) RDBMS
16 653 (2.55%) Oracle Database
17 640 (2.50%) SQL Server 2012
18 514 (2.01%) SQL Server 2016
19 503 (1.97%) SQL Server 2008
20 494 (1.93%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 2,777 (10.86%) Git (software)
2 1,416 (5.54%) JIRA
3 1,315 (5.14%) Jenkins
4 1,163 (4.55%) Visual Studio
5 972 (3.80%) Selenium
6 919 (3.60%) Team Foundation Server
7 517 (2.02%) Subversion
8 468 (1.83%) TeamCity
9 436 (1.71%) Cucumber
10 434 (1.70%) Maven
11 338 (1.32%) Visual Studio Team System
12 337 (1.32%) JUnit
13 326 (1.28%) SpecFlow
14 295 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
15 275 (1.08%) Bitbucket
16 272 (1.06%) SoapUI
17 269 (1.05%) NUnit
18 249 (0.97%) WebDriver
19 220 (0.86%) Oracle Forms
20 203 (0.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 5,674 (22.20%) Finance
2 1,301 (5.09%) Banking
2 1,301 (5.09%) Retail
3 1,245 (4.87%) Marketing
4 587 (2.30%) Front Office
5 569 (2.23%) Public Sector
6 534 (2.09%) Manufacturing
7 478 (1.87%) Telecoms
8 441 (1.73%) Games
9 332 (1.30%) Legal
10 282 (1.10%) Law
11 264 (1.03%) Back Office
12 244 (0.95%) Investment Banking
13 225 (0.88%) Advertising
14 204 (0.80%) Electronics
15 181 (0.71%) Financial Institution
16 142 (0.56%) Automotive
17 131 (0.51%) German Language
18 130 (0.51%) French Language
19 121 (0.47%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 11,281 (44.13%) Developer
2 4,076 (15.95%) Analyst
3 2,744 (10.74%) .NET Developer
4 2,553 (9.99%) C# Developer
5 1,907 (7.46%) SQL Developer
6 1,842 (7.21%) Senior Developer
7 1,839 (7.19%) Software Developer
8 1,487 (5.82%) Java Developer
9 1,457 (5.70%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,240 (4.85%) Software Engineer
11 1,152 (4.51%) Applications Support
12 1,114 (4.36%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 1,011 (3.96%) Consultant
14 994 (3.89%) Support Analyst
15 876 (3.43%) Junior
16 873 (3.42%) Data Engineer
17 865 (3.38%) Data Analyst
18 857 (3.35%) DBA
19 795 (3.11%) Architect
20 673 (2.63%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,546 (29.52%) .NET
2 3,804 (14.88%) HTML
3 3,490 (13.65%) ASP.NET
4 3,242 (12.68%) CSS
5 2,409 (9.42%) AngularJS
6 2,181 (8.53%) Web Services
7 1,694 (6.63%) XML
8 1,542 (6.03%) jQuery
9 1,472 (5.76%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,457 (5.70%) .NET Framework
11 1,420 (5.56%) REST
12 1,335 (5.22%) React
13 1,274 (4.98%) ASP.NET Web API
14 1,229 (4.81%) RESTful
15 1,217 (4.76%) .NET Core
16 1,189 (4.65%) Spring
17 996 (3.90%) SOAP
18 958 (3.75%) JSON
19 925 (3.62%) HTML5
20 792 (3.10%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 2,754 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
2 955 (3.74%) Greenfield Project
3 793 (3.10%) Management Information System
4 760 (2.97%) Self-Motivation
5 608 (2.38%) User Experience
6 593 (2.32%) Algorithms
7 556 (2.18%) Mobile App
8 551 (2.16%) Hedge funds
9 501 (1.96%) Fixed Income
10 497 (1.94%) Enterprise Software
11 450 (1.76%) Data Structures
12 430 (1.68%) Equities
13 407 (1.59%) Derivative
14 396 (1.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 349 (1.37%) Data Centre
16 323 (1.26%) Clustering
17 314 (1.23%) Replication
18 218 (0.85%) Public Cloud
19 202 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
20 168 (0.66%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 3,453 (13.51%) Windows
2 2,773 (10.85%) Linux
3 1,366 (5.34%) Unix
4 1,266 (4.95%) Windows Server
5 388 (1.52%) Windows Server 2012
6 361 (1.41%) Android
7 313 (1.22%) Windows Server 2008
8 286 (1.12%) Apple iOS
9 281 (1.10%) Windows 10
10 253 (0.99%) Windows 7
11 146 (0.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 120 (0.47%) CentOS
13 82 (0.32%) Windows 8
14 79 (0.31%) Debian
15 78 (0.31%) Solaris
16 70 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
17 64 (0.25%) Mac OS
18 59 (0.23%) Ubuntu
19 54 (0.21%) AIX
20 41 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 8,273 (32.37%) Agile Software Development
2 4,346 (17.00%) Business Intelligence
3 3,223 (12.61%) MVC
4 3,128 (12.24%) Problem-Solving
5 3,046 (11.92%) Analytics
6 2,729 (10.68%) DevOps
7 2,701 (10.57%) Software Engineering
8 2,681 (10.49%) ETL
9 2,447 (9.57%) Scrum
10 2,211 (8.65%) Test Automation
11 2,185 (8.55%) TDD
12 1,940 (7.59%) Computer Science
13 1,897 (7.42%) SDLC
14 1,646 (6.44%) Data Modelling
15 1,595 (6.24%) Microservices
16 1,535 (6.01%) Mentoring
17 1,469 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
18 1,459 (5.71%) Visualisation
19 1,393 (5.45%) Web Development
20 1,363 (5.33%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 8,374 (32.76%) C#
2 5,792 (22.66%) JavaScript
3 4,794 (18.76%) Java
4 4,268 (16.70%) Python
5 3,502 (13.70%) T-SQL
6 1,497 (5.86%) PowerShell
7 1,247 (4.88%) PL/SQL
8 1,020 (3.99%) R
9 921 (3.60%) PHP
10 909 (3.56%) C++
11 723 (2.83%) VB.NET
12 662 (2.59%) VBA
13 574 (2.25%) C
14 558 (2.18%) TypeScript
15 549 (2.15%) Scala
16 540 (2.11%) VB
17 491 (1.92%) Bash Shell
18 395 (1.55%) Shell Script
19 393 (1.54%) Java 8
20 391 (1.53%) Perl
Qualifications
1 3,229 (12.63%) Degree
2 854 (3.34%) Computer Science Degree
3 529 (2.07%) Microsoft Certification
4 522 (2.04%) Security Cleared
5 329 (1.29%) ISTQB
6 261 (1.02%) SC Cleared
7 226 (0.88%) MCSE
8 200 (0.78%) Cisco Certification
9 199 (0.78%) ISEB
10 183 (0.72%) PhD
11 176 (0.69%) Master's Degree
12 171 (0.67%) CCNA
13 156 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
14 134 (0.52%) DV Cleared
15 124 (0.49%) MCSA
16 123 (0.48%) MCP
17 122 (0.48%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 98 (0.38%) HND
19 69 (0.27%) CCNP
20 63 (0.25%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,752 (6.85%) QA
2 638 (2.50%) Data Quality
3 442 (1.73%) SLA
4 211 (0.83%) GDPR
5 101 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 50 (0.20%) PCI DSS
7 49 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 45 (0.18%) PMO
9 31 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 27 (0.11%) MiFID
11 24 (0.094%) DICOM
11 24 (0.094%) Solvency II
12 23 (0.090%) IFRS
13 20 (0.078%) EMIR
14 18 (0.070%) Cyber Essentials
15 15 (0.059%) COBIT
16 14 (0.055%) HL7
17 10 (0.039%) ISO 20022
17 10 (0.039%) NIST
18 9 (0.035%) CRD IV
System Software
1 1,570 (6.14%) Docker
2 1,375 (5.38%) Active Directory
3 656 (2.57%) VMware Infrastructure
4 589 (2.30%) Hyper-V
5 186 (0.73%) XenApp
6 155 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
7 136 (0.53%) vSphere
8 114 (0.45%) HDFS
9 103 (0.40%) XenDesktop
10 97 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
11 75 (0.29%) VirtualBox
12 72 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
13 66 (0.26%) Microsoft App-V
14 59 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 56 (0.22%) Firmware
16 48 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
17 31 (0.12%) Terminal Services
18 30 (0.12%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
19 29 (0.11%) Apache Flume
20 26 (0.10%) Forefront TMG
Systems Management
1 950 (3.72%) Kubernetes
2 540 (2.11%) Ansible
3 456 (1.78%) Terraform
4 362 (1.42%) SCCM
5 328 (1.28%) Puppet
6 263 (1.03%) Opscode Chef
7 159 (0.62%) SCOM
8 108 (0.42%) Docker Swarm
9 89 (0.35%) Prometheus
10 88 (0.34%) Nagios
11 81 (0.32%) Kibana
12 73 (0.29%) WSUS
13 66 (0.26%) Backup Exec
13 66 (0.26%) Oozie
14 64 (0.25%) Microsoft Intune
15 63 (0.25%) Grafana
16 61 (0.24%) SQL Sentry
17 60 (0.23%) Hadoop YARN
18 57 (0.22%) Packer
18 57 (0.22%) SCOrch
Vendors
1 5,925 (23.18%) Microsoft
2 3,385 (13.24%) Oracle
3 1,388 (5.43%) Tableau
4 1,048 (4.10%) VMware
5 831 (3.25%) Google
6 749 (2.93%) SAP
7 568 (2.22%) IBM
8 435 (1.70%) Citrix
9 424 (1.66%) Salesforce.com
10 377 (1.47%) Informatica
11 357 (1.40%) Cisco
12 213 (0.83%) Databricks
13 211 (0.83%) Cognos
14 210 (0.82%) HP
15 192 (0.75%) Charles River
15 192 (0.75%) Splunk
15 192 (0.75%) Talend
16 190 (0.74%) Cloudera
17 183 (0.72%) Sybase
18 180 (0.70%) SimCorp