Period
to 27 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 27 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
27 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 8,746 26,225 34,526
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.37% 18.69% 20.78%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.11% 35.02% 37.35%
Number of salaries quoted 8,463 23,079 30,292
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £32,500 £29,750 £29,750
90th Percentile £87,500 £80,000 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +11.76% - +5.59%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 28,109 74,893 92,433
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 59.04% 53.36% 55.63%
Number of salaries quoted 23,620 61,186 76,877
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,250 £31,000
90th Percentile £92,500 £85,000 £82,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 27 September 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 27 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8,085 £52,500 +5.00% 1,843
UK excluding London -2 5,024 £47,500 +11.76% 1,378
London -5 3,508 £67,500 +12.50% 630
South East -3 1,407 £50,000 +11.11% 335
North of England 0 1,406 £47,500 +11.76% 367
Work from Home +4 1,024 £50,000 - 289
Midlands +1 830 £45,000 +5.88% 241
North West +1 826 £50,000 +17.65% 218
West Midlands -1 527 £45,000 +2.27% 143
South West 0 510 £45,000 +9.09% 143
Yorkshire -1 482 £47,500 +11.76% 118
East of England -1 368 £47,500 +5.56% 119
East Midlands +1 302 £47,250 +18.13% 97
Scotland -5 252 £47,500 +5.56% 101
Wales +4 201 £42,500 +0.29% 50
North East -6 97 £45,000 +7.52% 31
Northern Ireland -1 51 £41,250 +17.86% 21
Channel Islands -1 6 £55,000 +15.79%
Isle of Man -2 3 £47,500 +5.56% 1

For the 6 months to 27 September 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,840 (32.47%) Agile Software Development
2 2,628 (30.05%) Azure
3 2,618 (29.93%) SQL Server
4 2,604 (29.77%) C#
5 2,500 (28.58%) .NET
6 2,265 (25.90%) JavaScript
7 2,110 (24.13%) Microsoft
8 2,081 (23.79%) Finance
9 1,983 (22.67%) Python
10 1,643 (18.79%) Java
11 1,617 (18.49%) AWS
12 1,569 (17.94%) DevOps
13 1,441 (16.48%) HTML
14 1,415 (16.18%) Business Intelligence
15 1,313 (15.01%) CSS
16 1,154 (13.19%) Degree
17 1,105 (12.63%) Software Engineering
18 1,104 (12.62%) Git (software)
19 1,098 (12.55%) Analytics
20 1,078 (12.33%) AngularJS
21 1,072 (12.26%) Windows
22 1,039 (11.88%) T-SQL
23 990 (11.32%) ASP.NET
24 988 (11.30%) Oracle
25 959 (10.97%) MVC
26 952 (10.88%) Power Platform
27 945 (10.80%) Data Warehouse
28 903 (10.32%) Linux
29 901 (10.30%) Power BI
30 892 (10.20%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 310 (3.54%) SharePoint
2 282 (3.22%) Apache
3 281 (3.21%) Apache Spark
4 280 (3.20%) IIS
5 223 (2.55%) Elasticsearch
6 202 (2.31%) Confluence
7 118 (1.35%) SAS
8 79 (0.90%) Tomcat
9 71 (0.81%) CMS
10 60 (0.69%) MS Exchange
11 56 (0.64%) Apache Airflow
12 47 (0.54%) nginx
13 44 (0.50%) WebSphere
14 38 (0.43%) NServiceBus
15 36 (0.41%) WebLogic
16 35 (0.40%) Skype for Business
17 31 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2013
18 28 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 27 (0.31%) Exchange Server 2010
20 19 (0.22%) JBoss
Applications
1 416 (4.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 195 (2.23%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 32 (0.37%) MS Visio
5 16 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
6 14 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
7 8 (0.091%) SPSS
8 4 (0.046%) Camtasia
8 4 (0.046%) MadCap Flare
8 4 (0.046%) Stata
9 2 (0.023%) Chatbot
9 2 (0.023%) EViews
9 2 (0.023%) FileZilla
9 2 (0.023%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.023%) Quantrix
9 2 (0.023%) S-PLUS
10 1 (0.011%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.011%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.011%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.011%) Weka
Business Applications
1 142 (1.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 116 (1.33%) Markit EDM
3 100 (1.14%) Eagle PACE
4 75 (0.86%) PolarLake
5 34 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
6 26 (0.30%) NetSuite
7 21 (0.24%) Distributed Ledger
8 20 (0.23%) Oracle ERP
9 19 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
9 19 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
10 18 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
11 17 (0.19%) SAP Business One
11 17 (0.19%) Sentinel
12 16 (0.18%) Magento
12 16 (0.18%) Oracle Payables
13 15 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
14 14 (0.16%) Unica
15 12 (0.14%) Northgate Housing
15 12 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
15 12 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 2,628 (30.05%) Azure
2 1,617 (18.49%) AWS
3 952 (10.88%) Power Platform
4 493 (5.64%) GCP
5 381 (4.36%) Office 365
6 372 (4.25%) Serverless
7 335 (3.83%) SaaS
8 252 (2.88%) AWS Lambda
9 242 (2.77%) PaaS
10 191 (2.18%) Azure Data Factory
10 191 (2.18%) IaaS
11 187 (2.14%) Amazon S3
12 172 (1.97%) GitHub
13 157 (1.80%) Amazon EC2
14 141 (1.61%) Dynamics 365
15 132 (1.51%) Cloud Computing
16 101 (1.15%) Azure Active Directory
17 88 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
18 75 (0.86%) Apigee
19 73 (0.83%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 167 (1.91%) Firewall
2 154 (1.76%) DNS
3 134 (1.53%) TCP/IP
4 121 (1.38%) Skype
5 106 (1.21%) HTTP
6 92 (1.05%) WAN
7 84 (0.96%) VPN
8 80 (0.91%) LAN
9 71 (0.81%) DHCP
10 70 (0.80%) SAN
11 68 (0.78%) Internet
12 44 (0.50%) Network Security
13 35 (0.40%) VoIP
14 33 (0.38%) Remote Desktop
14 33 (0.38%) SSL
15 32 (0.37%) FTP
16 28 (0.32%) Wireless
17 17 (0.19%) Wireshark
18 16 (0.18%) VLAN
19 15 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,618 (29.93%) SQL Server
2 945 (10.80%) Data Warehouse
3 901 (10.30%) Power BI
4 870 (9.95%) NoSQL
5 856 (9.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 734 (8.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 568 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
8 561 (6.41%) MySQL
9 521 (5.96%) Big Data
10 495 (5.66%) Relational Database
11 379 (4.33%) Azure SQL Database
12 373 (4.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 354 (4.05%) MongoDB
14 307 (3.51%) Data Lake
15 270 (3.09%) Hadoop
16 226 (2.58%) Amazon Redshift
17 221 (2.53%) Oracle Database
18 185 (2.12%) SQL Server 2012
19 171 (1.96%) Snowflake Schema
20 162 (1.85%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,104 (12.62%) Git (software)
2 538 (6.15%) JIRA
3 473 (5.41%) Jenkins
4 292 (3.34%) Selenium
5 286 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
6 257 (2.94%) Visual Studio
7 163 (1.86%) GitLab
8 157 (1.80%) Subversion
9 155 (1.77%) Maven
10 145 (1.66%) SpecFlow
11 141 (1.61%) TeamCity
12 138 (1.58%) JUnit
13 116 (1.33%) Artifactory
14 115 (1.31%) Bitbucket
15 97 (1.11%) NUnit
15 97 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
16 93 (1.06%) Gradle
17 91 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 82 (0.94%) Cucumber
19 79 (0.90%) SoapUI
General
1 2,081 (23.79%) Finance
2 493 (5.64%) Banking
3 377 (4.31%) Front Office
4 262 (3.00%) Back Office
5 261 (2.98%) Marketing
6 237 (2.71%) Public Sector
7 231 (2.64%) Retail
8 160 (1.83%) Law
9 153 (1.75%) Manufacturing
10 118 (1.35%) Games
11 115 (1.31%) Investment Banking
12 103 (1.18%) Legal
13 102 (1.17%) Advertising
14 88 (1.01%) Telecoms
15 87 (0.99%) Financial Institution
16 50 (0.57%) Electronics
17 44 (0.50%) Local Government
18 30 (0.34%) Private Banking
19 26 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
20 25 (0.29%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 3,745 (42.82%) Developer
2 1,295 (14.81%) Analyst
3 813 (9.30%) .NET Developer
4 768 (8.78%) Senior Developer
5 629 (7.19%) Software Engineer
6 612 (7.00%) C# Developer
7 541 (6.19%) Software Developer
8 528 (6.04%) SQL Developer
9 476 (5.44%) Data Engineer
10 402 (4.60%) Java Developer
11 346 (3.96%) Architect
12 331 (3.78%) C# .NET Developer
13 307 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
14 305 (3.49%) Applications Support
15 303 (3.46%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 299 (3.42%) Data Analyst
17 253 (2.89%) Python Developer
18 244 (2.79%) DBA
19 238 (2.72%) Support Analyst
20 233 (2.66%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,500 (28.58%) .NET
2 1,441 (16.48%) HTML
3 1,313 (15.01%) CSS
4 1,078 (12.33%) AngularJS
5 990 (11.32%) ASP.NET
6 892 (10.20%) Web Services
7 792 (9.06%) .NET Core
8 749 (8.56%) React
9 666 (7.61%) .NET Framework
10 650 (7.43%) REST
11 531 (6.07%) ASP.NET Web API
12 499 (5.71%) jQuery
13 442 (5.05%) XML
14 430 (4.92%) RESTful
15 429 (4.91%) Node.js
16 428 (4.89%) Spring
17 420 (4.80%) ASP.NET MVC
18 395 (4.52%) HTML5
19 348 (3.98%) Entity Framework
20 343 (3.92%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 856 (9.79%) Analytical Skills
2 422 (4.83%) Hedge funds
3 388 (4.44%) Greenfield Project
4 319 (3.65%) Fixed Income
5 280 (3.20%) Management Information System
6 266 (3.04%) Equities
7 260 (2.97%) Algorithms
8 247 (2.82%) Derivative
9 246 (2.81%) Data Structures
10 215 (2.46%) Mobile App
11 196 (2.24%) Self-Motivation
12 182 (2.08%) User Experience
13 153 (1.75%) Data Centre
14 148 (1.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 122 (1.39%) Public Cloud
16 116 (1.33%) Reference Data
17 113 (1.29%) Replication
18 111 (1.27%) Enterprise Software
19 102 (1.17%) Clustering
20 69 (0.79%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 1,072 (12.26%) Windows
2 903 (10.32%) Linux
3 437 (5.00%) Windows Server
4 325 (3.72%) Unix
5 125 (1.43%) Android
6 119 (1.36%) Windows Server 2016
7 113 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
8 89 (1.02%) Apple iOS
9 88 (1.01%) Windows 10
10 78 (0.89%) CentOS
11 76 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 53 (0.61%) Windows Server 2008
13 49 (0.56%) Windows Server 2019
14 35 (0.40%) Ubuntu
14 35 (0.40%) Windows 7
15 28 (0.32%) Debian
16 26 (0.30%) Solaris
17 19 (0.22%) Kali Linux
18 15 (0.17%) HPUX
19 13 (0.15%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,840 (32.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,569 (17.94%) DevOps
3 1,415 (16.18%) Business Intelligence
4 1,105 (12.63%) Software Engineering
5 1,098 (12.55%) Analytics
6 959 (10.97%) MVC
7 882 (10.08%) Scrum
8 867 (9.91%) Problem-Solving
9 857 (9.80%) Microservices
10 819 (9.36%) ETL
11 804 (9.19%) TDD
12 705 (8.06%) Test Automation
13 679 (7.76%) Computer Science
14 642 (7.34%) Mentoring
15 633 (7.24%) Data Modelling
16 588 (6.72%) Continuous Integration
17 530 (6.06%) OO
18 528 (6.04%) Asset Management
18 528 (6.04%) SDLC
19 489 (5.59%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,604 (29.77%) C#
2 2,265 (25.90%) JavaScript
3 1,983 (22.67%) Python
4 1,643 (18.79%) Java
5 1,039 (11.88%) T-SQL
6 539 (6.16%) PowerShell
7 409 (4.68%) TypeScript
8 381 (4.36%) R
9 369 (4.22%) PL/SQL
10 343 (3.92%) C++
11 305 (3.49%) PHP
12 196 (2.24%) VB.NET
13 191 (2.18%) Scala
14 176 (2.01%) Bash Shell
15 159 (1.82%) Shell Script
16 147 (1.68%) C
16 147 (1.68%) Kotlin
16 147 (1.68%) VBA
17 133 (1.52%) Java 8
18 117 (1.34%) Go
Qualifications
1 1,154 (13.19%) Degree
2 309 (3.53%) Computer Science Degree
3 260 (2.97%) Security Cleared
4 205 (2.34%) SC Cleared
5 183 (2.09%) Microsoft Certification
6 81 (0.93%) MCSE
7 79 (0.90%) PhD
8 77 (0.88%) MCSA
9 68 (0.78%) Numerate Degree
10 59 (0.67%) DV Cleared
11 52 (0.59%) Sun Certification
12 48 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
13 47 (0.54%) CCNA
13 47 (0.54%) ISTQB
14 46 (0.53%) AWS Certification
15 39 (0.45%) Master's Degree
16 37 (0.42%) ISEB
17 32 (0.37%) CISSP
17 32 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
17 32 (0.37%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 426 (4.87%) QA
2 199 (2.28%) Data Quality
3 157 (1.80%) SLA
4 97 (1.11%) GDPR
5 44 (0.50%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 37 (0.42%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 22 (0.25%) NIST
8 19 (0.22%) PMO
9 18 (0.21%) PCI DSS
10 15 (0.17%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 10 (0.11%) MiFID
12 9 (0.10%) GxP
13 7 (0.080%) IFRS
14 6 (0.069%) COBIT
14 6 (0.069%) EMIR
14 6 (0.069%) ISO 20022
15 5 (0.057%) HIPAA
16 4 (0.046%) FINRA
16 4 (0.046%) GPG13
17 3 (0.034%) UCITS
System Software
1 833 (9.52%) Docker
2 500 (5.72%) Active Directory
3 217 (2.48%) VMware Infrastructure
4 165 (1.89%) Hyper-V
5 59 (0.67%) HDFS
6 58 (0.66%) vSphere
7 48 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
8 36 (0.41%) XenApp
9 25 (0.29%) VirtualBox
10 24 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
10 24 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
11 23 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
12 21 (0.24%) XenDesktop
13 17 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
14 13 (0.15%) Snort
15 11 (0.13%) Terminal Services
16 9 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 9 (0.10%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 8 (0.091%) Postfix
18 7 (0.080%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 644 (7.36%) Kubernetes
2 310 (3.54%) Terraform
3 226 (2.58%) Ansible
4 146 (1.67%) Puppet
5 95 (1.09%) Opscode Chef
6 90 (1.03%) Grafana
7 89 (1.02%) SCCM
8 64 (0.73%) Microsoft Intune
9 48 (0.55%) Prometheus
10 42 (0.48%) WSUS
11 35 (0.40%) Kibana
12 33 (0.38%) SCOM
13 27 (0.31%) Graphite
14 26 (0.30%) Control-M
15 25 (0.29%) Oracle RMAN
16 22 (0.25%) logstash
16 22 (0.25%) SCVMM
17 19 (0.22%) Data Guard
17 19 (0.22%) Failover Clustering
17 19 (0.22%) Nessus
Vendors
1 2,110 (24.13%) Microsoft
2 988 (11.30%) Oracle
3 417 (4.77%) Tableau
4 371 (4.24%) Google
5 357 (4.08%) VMware
6 176 (2.01%) SAP
7 172 (1.97%) Bloomberg
8 162 (1.85%) Databricks
9 152 (1.74%) IBM
10 129 (1.47%) Cisco
11 125 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
12 112 (1.28%) Splunk
13 101 (1.15%) Citrix
14 98 (1.12%) Atlassian
15 93 (1.06%) ServiceNow
16 90 (1.03%) Informatica
17 80 (0.91%) Talend
18 76 (0.87%) Xamarin
19 69 (0.79%) Red Hat
20 67 (0.77%) Cloudera