Period
to 25 January 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 January 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
25 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 12,172 23,075 30,300
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.91% 18.47% 19.97%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.60% 34.11% 36.37%
Number of salaries quoted 12,264 20,603 26,802
Median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £49,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.00% +2.04% +8.89%
10th Percentile £32,500 £30,000 £30,000
90th Percentile £82,500 £81,250 £78,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £43,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,332 67,639 83,314
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 57.99% 54.15% 54.90%
Number of salaries quoted 31,494 56,281 69,665
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £52,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £33,750 £31,500 £31,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £87,500 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 January 2021.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 25 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 10,915 £52,500 +5.00% 2,218
UK excluding London -2 7,094 £47,500 +9.20% 1,592
London -4 4,487 £65,000 +4.00% 785
Work from Home +4 2,120 £50,000 - 458
North of England 0 2,051 £47,500 +11.76% 481
South East -2 1,817 £50,000 +11.11% 316
Midlands -1 1,199 £45,000 +5.88% 323
North West 0 1,065 £48,250 +7.22% 272
Yorkshire -1 829 £47,500 +11.76% 157
South West -1 809 £45,000 +5.88% 154
West Midlands -1 721 £45,000 - 197
Scotland -2 486 £47,500 +7.95% 99
East Midlands +4 475 £45,000 +12.50% 125
East of England -2 425 £45,000 -5.26% 144
Wales +2 234 £45,000 +7.14% 37
North East +1 156 £47,500 +14.46% 52
Northern Ireland 0 76 £42,500 +13.33% 35
Isle of Man +2 20 £49,500 +2.59% 3
Channel Islands +3 1 £40,000 -33.33% 1

For the 6 months to 25 January 2021, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,941 (32.38%) Azure
2 3,784 (31.09%) Agile Software Development
3 3,712 (30.50%) C#
4 3,332 (27.37%) .NET
5 3,251 (26.71%) JavaScript
6 3,115 (25.59%) SQL Server
7 2,869 (23.57%) Python
8 2,734 (22.46%) Microsoft
9 2,537 (20.84%) Finance
10 2,369 (19.46%) Java
11 2,336 (19.19%) DevOps
12 2,187 (17.97%) AWS
13 2,013 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
14 1,873 (15.39%) HTML
15 1,776 (14.59%) CSS
16 1,615 (13.27%) Analytics
17 1,590 (13.06%) Software Engineering
18 1,505 (12.36%) Degree
19 1,437 (11.81%) Windows
20 1,430 (11.75%) Git (software)
21 1,389 (11.41%) AngularJS
22 1,350 (11.09%) Power Platform
23 1,344 (11.04%) MVC
24 1,337 (10.98%) .NET Core
25 1,330 (10.93%) T-SQL
26 1,322 (10.86%) Oracle
27 1,280 (10.52%) Microservices
28 1,272 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
29 1,248 (10.25%) Docker
30 1,247 (10.24%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 488 (4.01%) SharePoint
2 385 (3.16%) Apache Spark
3 303 (2.49%) Apache
4 293 (2.41%) IIS
5 253 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
6 223 (1.83%) Confluence
7 184 (1.51%) SAS
8 140 (1.15%) CMS
9 115 (0.94%) Apache Airflow
10 92 (0.76%) MS Exchange
11 87 (0.71%) nginx
12 69 (0.57%) Tomcat
13 64 (0.53%) WebSphere
14 50 (0.41%) NServiceBus
15 49 (0.40%) WebLogic
16 45 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 41 (0.34%) BizTalk Server
18 33 (0.27%) Luigi
18 33 (0.27%) Umbraco
19 31 (0.25%) EPiServer
Applications
1 559 (4.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 279 (2.29%) Microsoft Office
3 65 (0.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 54 (0.44%) MS Visio
5 31 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
6 25 (0.21%) SPSS
7 16 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
8 12 (0.099%) InVision
8 12 (0.099%) Sketch
9 11 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 5 (0.041%) Adobe XD
10 5 (0.041%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.033%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.033%) Gliffy
12 3 (0.025%) Acrobat
12 3 (0.025%) Chatbot
12 3 (0.025%) SPSS Modeler
13 2 (0.016%) Adobe Illustrator
13 2 (0.016%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.016%) Stata
Business Applications
1 249 (2.05%) Dynamics CRM
2 66 (0.54%) Markit EDM
3 60 (0.49%) Eagle PACE
4 54 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
5 49 (0.40%) NetSuite
6 43 (0.35%) Dynamics NAV
7 29 (0.24%) SAP Business One
8 27 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
8 27 (0.22%) PolarLake
9 24 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
10 21 (0.17%) Magento
11 20 (0.16%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
12 17 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
13 16 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
14 14 (0.12%) Elite 3E
14 14 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
14 14 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
15 13 (0.11%) Northgate Housing
15 13 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
15 13 (0.11%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 3,941 (32.38%) Azure
2 2,187 (17.97%) AWS
3 1,350 (11.09%) Power Platform
4 652 (5.36%) GCP
5 539 (4.43%) Serverless
6 491 (4.03%) SaaS
7 452 (3.71%) Office 365
8 405 (3.33%) PaaS
9 346 (2.84%) Azure Data Factory
10 304 (2.50%) AWS Lambda
11 280 (2.30%) IaaS
12 253 (2.08%) Amazon S3
13 246 (2.02%) Dynamics 365
14 236 (1.94%) Azure Active Directory
15 205 (1.68%) GitHub
16 202 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
17 167 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
18 117 (0.96%) Azure Functions
19 98 (0.81%) Logic Apps
20 95 (0.78%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 246 (2.02%) Firewall
2 179 (1.47%) DNS
3 140 (1.15%) HTTP
3 140 (1.15%) TCP/IP
4 121 (0.99%) VPN
5 110 (0.90%) DHCP
6 109 (0.90%) SAN
7 107 (0.88%) WAN
8 90 (0.74%) Internet
9 89 (0.73%) Skype
10 87 (0.71%) LAN
11 69 (0.57%) VoIP
12 55 (0.45%) Network Security
13 42 (0.35%) Remote Desktop
14 40 (0.33%) VLAN
15 34 (0.28%) SSH
16 32 (0.26%) Wireless
17 29 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
18 26 (0.21%) FTP
18 26 (0.21%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,115 (25.59%) SQL Server
2 1,247 (10.24%) Data Warehouse
3 1,234 (10.14%) Power BI
4 1,195 (9.82%) NoSQL
5 1,084 (8.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1,049 (8.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 808 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
8 739 (6.07%) Relational Database
9 711 (5.84%) MySQL
10 642 (5.27%) Azure SQL Database
11 610 (5.01%) Big Data
12 588 (4.83%) Tableau
13 486 (3.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 440 (3.61%) MongoDB
15 386 (3.17%) Data Lake
16 342 (2.81%) Hadoop
17 305 (2.51%) Amazon Redshift
18 282 (2.32%) Redis
19 244 (2.00%) Oracle Database
20 196 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,430 (11.75%) Git (software)
2 690 (5.67%) Jenkins
3 641 (5.27%) JIRA
4 439 (3.61%) Selenium
5 382 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
6 363 (2.98%) Visual Studio
7 222 (1.82%) Subversion
8 203 (1.67%) Maven
9 198 (1.63%) JUnit
10 183 (1.50%) TeamCity
11 164 (1.35%) Bitbucket
12 154 (1.27%) Cucumber
12 154 (1.27%) Visual Studio Team System
13 140 (1.15%) Octopus Deploy
14 133 (1.09%) Gradle
15 126 (1.04%) GitLab
16 117 (0.96%) SpecFlow
17 116 (0.95%) NUnit
18 113 (0.93%) Artifactory
19 105 (0.86%) Mercurial
General
1 2,537 (20.84%) Finance
2 498 (4.09%) Banking
3 406 (3.34%) Marketing
4 378 (3.11%) Public Sector
5 360 (2.96%) Retail
6 357 (2.93%) Front Office
7 269 (2.21%) Back Office
8 223 (1.83%) Law
9 207 (1.70%) Manufacturing
10 161 (1.32%) Games
11 148 (1.22%) Telecoms
12 134 (1.10%) Legal
13 131 (1.08%) Advertising
14 86 (0.71%) Financial Institution
14 86 (0.71%) Investment Banking
15 58 (0.48%) Electronics
16 50 (0.41%) Aerospace
17 43 (0.35%) Private Banking
18 39 (0.32%) Automotive
18 39 (0.32%) Billing
Job Titles
1 5,344 (43.90%) Developer
2 1,625 (13.35%) Analyst
3 1,206 (9.91%) .NET Developer
4 1,138 (9.35%) Senior Developer
5 948 (7.79%) C# Developer
6 860 (7.07%) Software Engineer
7 812 (6.67%) Software Developer
8 701 (5.76%) Data Engineer
9 652 (5.36%) SQL Developer
10 627 (5.15%) Full Stack Developer
11 580 (4.77%) Java Developer
12 514 (4.22%) C# .NET Developer
13 471 (3.87%) Applications Support
14 451 (3.71%) Azure Engineer
15 446 (3.66%) Data Analyst
16 408 (3.35%) Architect
17 392 (3.22%) Python Developer
18 377 (3.10%) Business Intelligence Developer
19 341 (2.80%) Consultant
20 333 (2.74%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,332 (27.37%) .NET
2 1,873 (15.39%) HTML
3 1,776 (14.59%) CSS
4 1,389 (11.41%) AngularJS
5 1,337 (10.98%) .NET Core
6 1,235 (10.15%) React
7 1,185 (9.74%) ASP.NET
8 1,038 (8.53%) Web Services
9 837 (6.88%) .NET Framework
10 815 (6.70%) REST
11 638 (5.24%) jQuery
12 608 (5.00%) Node.js
13 602 (4.95%) ASP.NET Web API
14 594 (4.88%) XML
15 589 (4.84%) RESTful
16 580 (4.77%) Spring
17 523 (4.30%) HTML5
18 522 (4.29%) Vue.js
19 463 (3.80%) Entity Framework
20 459 (3.77%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 1,272 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
2 491 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
3 409 (3.36%) Hedge funds
4 326 (2.68%) Self-Motivation
5 312 (2.56%) Data Structures
6 308 (2.53%) Algorithms
7 302 (2.48%) Mobile App
8 298 (2.45%) Equities
9 290 (2.38%) Management Information System
10 267 (2.19%) Fixed Income
11 247 (2.03%) User Experience
12 234 (1.92%) Derivative
13 193 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
14 173 (1.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 145 (1.19%) Data Centre
16 132 (1.08%) Clustering
17 130 (1.07%) N-Tier
18 125 (1.03%) Replication
19 99 (0.81%) Public Cloud
20 98 (0.81%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 1,437 (11.81%) Windows
2 1,194 (9.81%) Linux
3 516 (4.24%) Windows Server
4 436 (3.58%) Unix
5 129 (1.06%) Android
6 128 (1.05%) Windows Server 2016
7 123 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 112 (0.92%) Windows Server 2012
9 97 (0.80%) Apple iOS
10 92 (0.76%) Windows 10
11 72 (0.59%) CentOS
12 67 (0.55%) Windows Server 2008
13 56 (0.46%) Ubuntu
14 41 (0.34%) Windows Server 2019
15 35 (0.29%) Windows 7
16 31 (0.25%) Solaris
17 23 (0.19%) AIX
18 18 (0.15%) Debian
19 17 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
20 16 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,784 (31.09%) Agile Software Development
2 2,336 (19.19%) DevOps
3 2,013 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
4 1,615 (13.27%) Analytics
5 1,590 (13.06%) Software Engineering
6 1,344 (11.04%) MVC
7 1,280 (10.52%) Microservices
8 1,198 (9.84%) TDD
9 1,193 (9.80%) Problem-Solving
10 1,185 (9.74%) Scrum
11 1,163 (9.55%) ETL
12 1,102 (9.05%) Test Automation
13 910 (7.48%) Continuous Integration
14 866 (7.11%) OO
15 859 (7.06%) Computer Science
16 818 (6.72%) Data Modelling
17 816 (6.70%) Mentoring
18 771 (6.33%) Visualisation
19 733 (6.02%) SDLC
20 717 (5.89%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 3,712 (30.50%) C#
2 3,251 (26.71%) JavaScript
3 2,869 (23.57%) Python
4 2,369 (19.46%) Java
5 1,330 (10.93%) T-SQL
6 765 (6.28%) PowerShell
7 636 (5.23%) TypeScript
8 578 (4.75%) PHP
9 474 (3.89%) PL/SQL
10 472 (3.88%) C++
11 417 (3.43%) R
12 271 (2.23%) Scala
13 254 (2.09%) C
14 244 (2.00%) Bash Shell
15 226 (1.86%) Go
16 216 (1.77%) VB.NET
17 187 (1.54%) Shell Script
18 181 (1.49%) VBA
19 175 (1.44%) Ruby
19 175 (1.44%) VB
Qualifications
1 1,505 (12.36%) Degree
2 413 (3.39%) Security Cleared
3 382 (3.14%) Computer Science Degree
4 327 (2.69%) SC Cleared
5 184 (1.51%) Microsoft Certification
6 152 (1.25%) Numerate Degree
7 90 (0.74%) PhD
8 85 (0.70%) ISTQB
9 84 (0.69%) MCSE
10 71 (0.58%) DV Cleared
11 65 (0.53%) CCNA
11 65 (0.53%) Cisco Certification
12 57 (0.47%) ISEB
13 48 (0.39%) MCSA
14 45 (0.37%) BPSS Clearance
15 40 (0.33%) AWS Certification
15 40 (0.33%) ITIL Certification
15 40 (0.33%) Master's Degree
16 36 (0.30%) Oracle Certification
17 30 (0.25%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 588 (4.83%) QA
2 303 (2.49%) Data Quality
3 163 (1.34%) SLA
4 121 (0.99%) GDPR
5 60 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.17%) NIST
8 11 (0.090%) Good Clinical Practice
8 11 (0.090%) PMO
9 10 (0.082%) CDISC
10 9 (0.074%) COBIT
10 9 (0.074%) MiFID
11 8 (0.066%) GPG13
11 8 (0.066%) IFRS
11 8 (0.066%) ISO 9001
12 7 (0.058%) EMIR
12 7 (0.058%) GAMP
12 7 (0.058%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 6 (0.049%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 6 (0.049%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,248 (10.25%) Docker
2 607 (4.99%) Active Directory
3 285 (2.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 195 (1.60%) Hyper-V
5 60 (0.49%) HDFS
6 44 (0.36%) XenApp
7 42 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
8 41 (0.34%) vSphere
9 38 (0.31%) Virtual Machines
10 31 (0.25%) XenDesktop
11 30 (0.25%) Virtual Servers
12 24 (0.20%) Oracle RAC
13 22 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
14 19 (0.16%) Firmware
15 14 (0.12%) Postfix
15 14 (0.12%) VirtualBox
16 11 (0.090%) Microsoft Virtual Server
17 10 (0.082%) Citrix Hypervisor
18 9 (0.074%) Terminal Services
19 8 (0.066%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 989 (8.13%) Kubernetes
2 600 (4.93%) Terraform
3 389 (3.20%) Ansible
4 197 (1.62%) Puppet
5 153 (1.26%) Opscode Chef
6 140 (1.15%) SCCM
7 112 (0.92%) Grafana
8 105 (0.86%) Microsoft Intune
9 80 (0.66%) Prometheus
10 46 (0.38%) Failover Clustering
11 35 (0.29%) Packer
12 33 (0.27%) SCOM
13 29 (0.24%) WSUS
14 27 (0.22%) MIIS
15 26 (0.21%) Single Sign-On
16 24 (0.20%) Oracle RMAN
17 22 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
17 22 (0.18%) Microsoft Clustering
18 20 (0.16%) Graphite
18 20 (0.16%) Kibana
Vendors
1 2,734 (22.46%) Microsoft
2 1,322 (10.86%) Oracle
3 472 (3.88%) Google
4 452 (3.71%) VMware
5 258 (2.12%) Databricks
6 193 (1.59%) SAP
7 190 (1.56%) Salesforce.com
8 155 (1.27%) IBM
9 144 (1.18%) Citrix
10 135 (1.11%) Cisco
11 129 (1.06%) Talend
12 128 (1.05%) EnterpriseDB
13 126 (1.04%) Atlassian
14 117 (0.96%) Red Hat
15 111 (0.91%) Informatica
15 111 (0.91%) ServiceNow
16 110 (0.90%) Bloomberg
17 108 (0.89%) Splunk
18 84 (0.69%) Cloudera
18 84 (0.69%) MuleSoft