Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 7 7 7
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 -2
Permanent jobs citing SQL 30,223 20,483 11,708
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 17.77% 17.94% 18.18%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.55% 32.87% 32.18%
Number of salaries quoted 15,766 15,309 9,763
10th Percentile £35,000 £32,500 £31,875
25th Percentile £43,750 £40,500 £40,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £56,500 £52,500 £50,001
Median % change year-on-year +7.62% +5.00% +0.00%
75th Percentile £75,000 £70,000 £70,000
90th Percentile £92,250 £86,250 £85,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £50,000 £47,500 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 90,075 62,313 36,380
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 52.97% 54.56% 56.49%
Number of salaries quoted 43,634 42,700 30,207
10th Percentile £37,000 £35,000 £32,750
25th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £41,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%
75th Percentile £82,500 £77,500 £73,750
90th Percentile £100,000 £93,750 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £55,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 25,473 £57,500 +9.52% 2,495
Work from Home -1 15,068 £55,000 +10.00% 1,237
London +1 14,316 £70,000 +7.69% 1,025
UK excluding London -2 12,294 £50,000 +5.26% 1,589
South East -3 3,367 £52,500 +5.00% 322
North of England -1 3,196 £50,000 +5.26% 451
Midlands -1 2,008 £50,000 +12.04% 329
North West -2 1,668 £50,000 +5.26% 256
South West -2 1,425 £50,000 +11.11% 184
West Midlands -3 1,327 £50,000 +11.11% 198
Yorkshire -3 1,260 £50,000 +7.53% 141
East of England -5 934 £53,000 +3.92% 156
Scotland -4 817 £52,500 +10.53% 86
East Midlands +1 681 £48,000 +12.94% 129
Wales +3 318 £50,000 +17.65% 39
Northern Ireland +2 292 £50,000 +42.86% 21
North East -3 273 £44,000 -2.22% 55
Channel Islands -7 7 £65,000 -23.53% 1
Isle of Man -4 2 £58,750 +56.67%

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 11,998 (39.70%) Agile
2 9,892 (32.73%) Azure
3 9,816 (32.48%) Python
4 8,616 (28.51%) Social Skills
5 8,439 (27.92%) Finance
6 7,626 (25.23%) JavaScript
7 7,435 (24.60%) AWS
8 7,186 (23.78%) C#
8 7,186 (23.78%) .NET
9 6,483 (21.45%) SQL Server
10 6,457 (21.36%) Analytics
11 6,432 (21.28%) Software Engineering
12 6,316 (20.90%) Microsoft
13 6,212 (20.55%) Java
14 5,590 (18.50%) Business Intelligence
15 5,568 (18.42%) DevOps
16 5,519 (18.26%) Git (software)
17 4,919 (16.28%) CI/CD
18 4,787 (15.84%) Problem-Solving
19 4,755 (15.73%) Analytical Skills
20 4,687 (15.51%) Docker
21 4,624 (15.30%) Degree
22 4,226 (13.98%) HTML
23 4,099 (13.56%) NoSQL
24 4,053 (13.41%) Power Platform
25 3,999 (13.23%) React
26 3,908 (12.93%) CSS
27 3,858 (12.77%) Power BI
28 3,787 (12.53%) Microservices
29 3,763 (12.45%) Kubernetes

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,427 (4.72%) Apache Spark
2 845 (2.80%) Apache Airflow
3 814 (2.69%) Apache
4 661 (2.19%) SharePoint
5 640 (2.12%) Confluence
6 496 (1.64%) SAS
7 471 (1.56%) IIS
8 342 (1.13%) CMS
9 196 (0.65%) Tomcat
10 179 (0.59%) Jupyter
11 176 (0.58%) nginx
12 155 (0.51%) BizTalk Server
13 132 (0.44%) MS Exchange
14 126 (0.42%) WordPress
15 99 (0.33%) Apache Solr
16 96 (0.32%) Luigi
17 82 (0.27%) Headless CMS
18 78 (0.26%) Umbraco
19 76 (0.25%) Jetty
20 73 (0.24%) Apache Pulsar
Applications
1 1,646 (5.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 693 (2.29%) Microsoft Office
3 306 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 147 (0.49%) MS Visio
5 112 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 65 (0.22%) SPSS
7 58 (0.19%) Chatbot
8 36 (0.12%) AutoCAD
9 34 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
10 23 (0.076%) Stata
11 22 (0.073%) Photoshop
12 13 (0.043%) Revit
13 8 (0.026%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 8 (0.026%) Maple
13 8 (0.026%) Pipeline Pilot
13 8 (0.026%) Simulink
14 7 (0.023%) Campfire
14 7 (0.023%) InfoPath
15 6 (0.020%) CPLEX
16 5 (0.017%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 319 (1.06%) Dynamics CRM
2 100 (0.33%) NetSuite
3 74 (0.24%) Oracle EBS
4 70 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
5 62 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 52 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
7 43 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
8 41 (0.14%) Shopify
9 38 (0.13%) SAP Business ByDesign
10 34 (0.11%) SessionCam
10 34 (0.11%) WebTrends
11 33 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
12 31 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
13 30 (0.099%) SAP Business One
14 28 (0.093%) Social Studio
15 27 (0.089%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
15 27 (0.089%) SAP S/4HANA
16 26 (0.086%) Salesforce.com CRM
17 25 (0.083%) Oracle Receivables
18 23 (0.076%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 9,892 (32.73%) Azure
2 7,435 (24.60%) AWS
3 4,053 (13.41%) Power Platform
4 3,237 (10.71%) GCP
5 2,467 (8.16%) Azure DevOps
6 2,454 (8.12%) Serverless
7 1,817 (6.01%) SaaS
8 1,411 (4.67%) GitHub
9 1,013 (3.35%) AWS Lambda
10 972 (3.22%) Amazon S3
11 943 (3.12%) Snowflake
12 852 (2.82%) Azure Data Factory
13 807 (2.67%) Azure Service Bus
14 776 (2.57%) Microsoft 365
15 695 (2.30%) Azure Functions
16 666 (2.20%) Azure Cosmos DB
17 546 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
18 537 (1.78%) Google Analytics
19 485 (1.60%) PaaS
20 448 (1.48%) Cloud Functions
Communications & Networking
1 1,134 (3.75%) HTTP
2 671 (2.22%) SSL
3 623 (2.06%) Internet
4 481 (1.59%) Firewall
5 407 (1.35%) DNS
6 271 (0.90%) TCP/IP
7 227 (0.75%) DHCP
8 205 (0.68%) Broadband
9 163 (0.54%) VPN
10 162 (0.54%) WAN
11 150 (0.50%) LAN
12 146 (0.48%) SAN
13 126 (0.42%) Network Security
14 81 (0.27%) FTP
15 75 (0.25%) VLAN
16 71 (0.23%) Skype
17 64 (0.21%) PPP
18 62 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
19 59 (0.20%) VoIP
20 57 (0.19%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6,483 (21.45%) SQL Server
2 4,099 (13.56%) NoSQL
3 3,858 (12.77%) Power BI
4 3,686 (12.20%) Data Warehouse
5 2,812 (9.30%) PostgreSQL
6 2,683 (8.88%) Relational Database
7 2,295 (7.59%) Tableau
8 2,115 (7.00%) MySQL
9 1,977 (6.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 1,836 (6.07%) Big Data
11 1,577 (5.22%) Data Lake
12 1,454 (4.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 1,352 (4.47%) MongoDB
14 1,145 (3.79%) BigQuery
15 932 (3.08%) Hadoop
16 925 (3.06%) Azure SQL Database
17 818 (2.71%) Amazon Redshift
18 766 (2.53%) Elasticsearch
19 742 (2.46%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 734 (2.43%) Looker
Development Applications
1 5,519 (18.26%) Git (software)
2 2,215 (7.33%) JIRA
3 1,711 (5.66%) Jenkins
4 954 (3.16%) Selenium
5 825 (2.73%) Team Foundation Server
6 760 (2.51%) GitLab
7 725 (2.40%) Visual Studio
8 680 (2.25%) Maven
9 517 (1.71%) JUnit
10 506 (1.67%) Cucumber
11 471 (1.56%) Gradle
12 454 (1.50%) Postman
13 425 (1.41%) Subversion
14 396 (1.31%) Cypress.io
15 386 (1.28%) Bitbucket
16 357 (1.18%) TeamCity
17 332 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
18 308 (1.02%) SpecFlow
19 293 (0.97%) NUnit
20 291 (0.96%) CircleCI
General
1 8,616 (28.51%) Social Skills
2 8,439 (27.92%) Finance
3 4,755 (15.73%) Analytical Skills
4 2,781 (9.20%) Marketing
5 1,864 (6.17%) Banking
6 1,789 (5.92%) Retail
7 1,631 (5.40%) Inclusion and Diversity
8 1,127 (3.73%) Games
9 945 (3.13%) Legal
10 923 (3.05%) Manufacturing
11 795 (2.63%) Law
12 786 (2.60%) Advertising
13 724 (2.40%) Public Sector
14 634 (2.10%) Presentation Skills
15 474 (1.57%) Front Office
16 467 (1.55%) Organisational Skills
17 371 (1.23%) Back Office
18 361 (1.19%) Influencing Skills
19 360 (1.19%) Pharmaceutical
20 355 (1.17%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 8,925 (29.53%) Developer
2 4,569 (15.12%) Analyst
3 3,535 (11.70%) Software Engineer
4 2,789 (9.23%) Data Engineer
5 1,865 (6.17%) Senior Developer
6 1,758 (5.82%) .NET Developer
7 1,478 (4.89%) Software Developer
8 1,430 (4.73%) Data Analyst
9 1,188 (3.93%) C# Developer
10 993 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
11 989 (3.27%) Architect
12 948 (3.14%) Senior Software Engineer
13 867 (2.87%) Java Developer
14 844 (2.79%) Applications Support
15 803 (2.66%) Senior Analyst
16 778 (2.57%) Senior Data Engineer
17 740 (2.45%) SQL Developer
18 734 (2.43%) Data Scientist
19 701 (2.32%) Business Intelligence Developer
20 683 (2.26%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7,186 (23.78%) .NET
2 4,226 (13.98%) HTML
3 3,999 (13.23%) React
4 3,908 (12.93%) CSS
5 2,720 (9.00%) AngularJS
6 2,711 (8.97%) Node.js
7 2,549 (8.43%) .NET Core
8 2,547 (8.43%) ASP.NET
9 2,424 (8.02%) REST
10 2,179 (7.21%) .NET Framework
11 1,791 (5.93%) RESTful
12 1,691 (5.60%) Kafka
13 1,413 (4.68%) Entity Framework
14 1,389 (4.60%) Spring
15 1,362 (4.51%) XML
16 1,333 (4.41%) jQuery
17 1,276 (4.22%) Web Services
18 1,189 (3.93%) JSON
19 891 (2.95%) ASP.NET Web API
20 876 (2.90%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 1,534 (5.08%) Algorithms
2 1,287 (4.26%) Self-Motivation
3 1,260 (4.17%) Data Structures
4 1,189 (3.93%) User Experience
5 850 (2.81%) Mobile App
6 838 (2.77%) Cloud Native
7 767 (2.54%) Greenfield Project
8 663 (2.19%) Management Information System
9 511 (1.69%) Life Science
10 479 (1.58%) Enterprise Software
11 471 (1.56%) Derivative
12 468 (1.55%) Linux Command Line
12 468 (1.55%) Public Cloud
13 435 (1.44%) Virtual Team
14 408 (1.35%) Hackathon
15 339 (1.12%) Hedge funds
16 320 (1.06%) Fixed Income
17 295 (0.98%) Legacy Systems
18 293 (0.97%) Equities
19 291 (0.96%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 3,167 (10.48%) Linux
2 2,486 (8.23%) Windows
3 1,399 (4.63%) Unix
4 902 (2.98%) Android
5 829 (2.74%) Windows Server
6 803 (2.66%) Apple iOS
7 224 (0.74%) Windows Server 2016
8 191 (0.63%) Windows Server 2019
9 189 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
10 177 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 149 (0.49%) Windows 10
12 129 (0.43%) Ubuntu
13 128 (0.42%) CentOS
14 123 (0.41%) Solaris
15 88 (0.29%) Windows Server 2008
16 58 (0.19%) AIX
17 47 (0.16%) Windows 7
18 43 (0.14%) Mac OS
19 41 (0.14%) Debian
20 37 (0.12%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 11,998 (39.70%) Agile
2 6,457 (21.36%) Analytics
3 6,432 (21.28%) Software Engineering
4 5,590 (18.50%) Business Intelligence
5 5,568 (18.42%) DevOps
6 4,919 (16.28%) CI/CD
7 4,787 (15.84%) Problem-Solving
8 3,787 (12.53%) Microservices
9 3,762 (12.45%) Test Automation
10 3,649 (12.07%) Data Science
11 3,488 (11.54%) ETL
12 3,129 (10.35%) Scrum
13 3,125 (10.34%) Full Stack Development
14 3,113 (10.30%) Mentoring
15 3,064 (10.14%) Data Modelling
16 3,017 (9.98%) TDD
17 2,947 (9.75%) Computer Science
18 2,930 (9.69%) Visualisation
19 2,824 (9.34%) MVC
20 2,383 (7.88%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 9,816 (32.48%) Python
2 7,626 (25.23%) JavaScript
3 7,186 (23.78%) C#
4 6,212 (20.55%) Java
5 2,799 (9.26%) T-SQL
6 2,404 (7.95%) TypeScript
7 1,814 (6.00%) PowerShell
8 1,694 (5.61%) R
9 1,416 (4.69%) Go
10 1,373 (4.54%) Ruby
11 1,110 (3.67%) PHP
12 942 (3.12%) C++
13 883 (2.92%) Scala
14 844 (2.79%) PL/SQL
15 794 (2.63%) Bash
16 765 (2.53%) Shell Script
17 666 (2.20%) C
18 472 (1.56%) Perl
19 456 (1.51%) VBA
20 450 (1.49%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 4,624 (15.30%) Degree
2 1,187 (3.93%) Computer Science Degree
3 674 (2.23%) Security Cleared
4 476 (1.57%) Master's Degree
5 405 (1.34%) SC Cleared
6 333 (1.10%) Microsoft Certification
7 307 (1.02%) Numerate Degree
8 216 (0.71%) PhD
9 204 (0.67%) ISTQB
10 141 (0.47%) PMI Certification
11 133 (0.44%) AWS Certification
12 120 (0.40%) ITIL Certification
13 98 (0.32%) ISEB
14 94 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 91 (0.30%) MCSA
16 81 (0.27%) MCSE
17 73 (0.24%) DBS Check
18 48 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
19 46 (0.15%) Cisco Certification
19 46 (0.15%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,436 (8.06%) QA
2 1,358 (4.49%) Data Quality
3 509 (1.68%) SLA
4 465 (1.54%) GDPR
5 231 (0.76%) Accessibility
6 162 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 122 (0.40%) Actionable Recommendations
8 102 (0.34%) PCI DSS
9 62 (0.21%) ISO 9001
10 59 (0.20%) GRC
11 50 (0.17%) HL7
12 49 (0.16%) IFRS
13 38 (0.13%) PMO
14 35 (0.12%) NIST
15 31 (0.10%) GxP
16 30 (0.099%) CDISC
17 28 (0.093%) IFRS 9
18 26 (0.086%) Cyber Essentials
18 26 (0.086%) HIPAA
19 25 (0.083%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 4,687 (15.51%) Docker
2 892 (2.95%) Active Directory
3 393 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
4 214 (0.71%) Hyper-V
5 129 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
6 103 (0.34%) Apache Flume
7 77 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
8 76 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 65 (0.22%) vSphere
10 60 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
11 34 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
12 32 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
12 32 (0.11%) XenApp
13 28 (0.093%) HDFS
14 21 (0.069%) Oracle Clusterware
15 18 (0.060%) XenDesktop
16 17 (0.056%) KVM
16 17 (0.056%) Xen
17 16 (0.053%) Firmware
18 13 (0.043%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 3,763 (12.45%) Kubernetes
2 2,296 (7.60%) Terraform
3 675 (2.23%) Ansible
4 293 (0.97%) Grafana
5 270 (0.89%) Puppet
6 238 (0.79%) Prometheus
7 216 (0.71%) Opscode Chef
8 173 (0.57%) SCCM
9 147 (0.49%) Microsoft Intune
10 135 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
11 111 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
12 104 (0.34%) Oozie
13 94 (0.31%) Oracle RMAN
14 86 (0.28%) Kibana
15 82 (0.27%) Control-M
15 82 (0.27%) ZABBIX
16 76 (0.25%) Data Guard
17 66 (0.22%) WSUS
18 64 (0.21%) HAProxy
19 56 (0.19%) Rancher
Vendors
1 6,316 (20.90%) Microsoft
2 2,783 (9.21%) Oracle
3 2,573 (8.51%) Google
4 857 (2.84%) Databricks
5 619 (2.05%) VMware
6 613 (2.03%) Xamarin
7 571 (1.89%) Salesforce.com
8 499 (1.65%) SAP
9 372 (1.23%) Alteryx
10 257 (0.85%) Cisco
11 249 (0.82%) Red Hat
12 246 (0.81%) Teradata
13 242 (0.80%) IBM
14 230 (0.76%) Informatica
15 229 (0.76%) Splunk
16 222 (0.73%) Adobe
17 187 (0.62%) Apple
18 182 (0.60%) ServiceNow
19 173 (0.57%) Citrix
20 156 (0.52%) Bloomberg