Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 30,084 35,453 36,010
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.95% 20.62% 20.47%
As % of the Programming Languages category 36.33% 37.13% 38.45%
Number of salaries quoted 25,349 30,041 31,215
UK median annual salary £48,750 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +8.33% - -
10th Percentile £29,750 £27,750 £27,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £73,750 £71,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £42,500 £42,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 82,813 95,474 93,645
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.92% 55.54% 53.22%
Number of salaries quoted 68,537 79,670 80,420
UK median annual salary £52,000 £50,000 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £28,750
90th Percentile £85,000 £77,500 £76,250
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 27,859 £50,000 +11.11% 4,957
UK excluding London 0 16,914 £42,500 - 3,571
London 0 12,647 £60,000 +9.09% 1,735
South East 0 5,524 £45,000 +5.88% 866
North of England 0 3,883 £42,500 +6.25% 987
Midlands -1 2,417 £41,500 +3.75% 607
North West -1 1,992 £45,000 +12.50% 497
East of England 0 1,757 £44,000 -2.22% 350
South West -2 1,642 £40,000 - 414
Yorkshire 0 1,641 £42,500 +2.41% 419
West Midlands 0 1,418 £42,500 +6.25% 363
Scotland +1 1,249 £45,000 +5.88% 202
East Midlands +2 999 £40,000 +6.67% 243
Wales -1 338 £37,500 +7.14% 110
North East 0 257 £47,500 +19.87% 71
Northern Ireland +3 192 £37,500 +7.14% 37
Channel Islands -6 2 £85,000 +41.67%

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 10,090 (33.54%) Agile Software Development
2 9,980 (33.17%) C#
3 9,761 (32.45%) SQL Server
4 9,069 (30.15%) .NET
5 7,544 (25.08%) Finance
6 7,451 (24.77%) Microsoft
7 7,396 (24.58%) JavaScript
8 6,287 (20.90%) Java
9 5,441 (18.09%) HTML
10 4,882 (16.23%) Microsoft Azure
11 4,745 (15.77%) Python
12 4,603 (15.30%) CSS
13 4,597 (15.28%) Windows
14 4,539 (15.09%) Business Intelligence
15 4,457 (14.82%) T-SQL
16 4,442 (14.77%) MVC
17 4,280 (14.23%) Degree
18 4,242 (14.10%) ASP.NET
19 4,153 (13.80%) Oracle
20 3,914 (13.01%) Linux
21 3,607 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
22 3,581 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
23 3,412 (11.34%) Software Engineering
24 3,249 (10.80%) TDD
25 3,205 (10.65%) AngularJS
26 3,204 (10.65%) Analytics
27 3,196 (10.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
28 3,106 (10.32%) Git (software)
29 3,061 (10.17%) Web Services
30 3,057 (10.16%) Analytical Skills

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,194 (3.97%) IIS
2 1,077 (3.58%) SharePoint
3 835 (2.78%) Apache Spark
4 721 (2.40%) Apache
5 580 (1.93%) SAS
6 552 (1.83%) Tomcat
7 538 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
8 493 (1.64%) CMS
9 481 (1.60%) Confluence
10 418 (1.39%) MS Exchange
11 273 (0.91%) JBoss
12 251 (0.83%) WebSphere
13 218 (0.72%) Umbraco
14 198 (0.66%) nginx
15 184 (0.61%) BizTalk Server
16 164 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
16 164 (0.55%) WebLogic
17 138 (0.46%) Apache Solr
18 135 (0.45%) Skype for Business
19 128 (0.43%) WordPress
Applications
1 1,641 (5.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 976 (3.24%) Microsoft Office
3 313 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 138 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 129 (0.43%) SPSS
6 59 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 56 (0.19%) Photoshop
8 41 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
9 34 (0.11%) AutoCAD
10 27 (0.090%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 20 (0.066%) Chatbot
12 18 (0.060%) InfoPath
13 15 (0.050%) Adobe Illustrator
14 13 (0.043%) Stata
15 8 (0.027%) Windchill
16 6 (0.020%) EngageOne
17 5 (0.017%) Maya
17 5 (0.017%) Revit
18 4 (0.013%) 3ds Max
18 4 (0.013%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 480 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 214 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
3 180 (0.60%) Dynamics AX
4 135 (0.45%) Dynamics NAV
5 125 (0.42%) thinkFolio
6 118 (0.39%) Magento
7 95 (0.32%) Markit EDM
7 95 (0.32%) Oracle EBS R12
8 79 (0.26%) NetSuite
9 69 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
10 60 (0.20%) Cognos TM1
11 58 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
12 57 (0.19%) Front Arena
13 45 (0.15%) Oracle Receivables
14 43 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
15 42 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
15 42 (0.14%) SAP Business One
16 41 (0.14%) FastStats
17 40 (0.13%) Oracle Payroll
18 38 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
Cloud Services
1 4,882 (16.23%) Microsoft Azure
2 3,607 (11.99%) Amazon AWS
3 991 (3.29%) SaaS
4 928 (3.08%) Office 365
5 622 (2.07%) Google Cloud Platform
6 534 (1.78%) PaaS
7 457 (1.52%) GitHub
8 379 (1.26%) IaaS
9 354 (1.18%) Serverless
10 335 (1.11%) Amazon EC2
11 320 (1.06%) Amazon S3
12 293 (0.97%) Azure Active Directory
12 293 (0.97%) Cloud Computing
13 249 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
14 242 (0.80%) Azure Data Factory
15 198 (0.66%) Google Analytics
16 187 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
17 183 (0.61%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 171 (0.57%) Amazon SQS
19 131 (0.44%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 749 (2.49%) Firewall
2 605 (2.01%) DNS
3 572 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 456 (1.52%) Internet
5 394 (1.31%) WAN
6 388 (1.29%) LAN
7 386 (1.28%) SAN
8 372 (1.24%) HTTP
9 303 (1.01%) VPN
10 271 (0.90%) DHCP
11 230 (0.76%) Network Security
12 201 (0.67%) VLAN
13 194 (0.64%) SSL
14 183 (0.61%) Wi-Fi
15 168 (0.56%) Intranet
16 153 (0.51%) VoIP
17 122 (0.41%) Skype
18 112 (0.37%) FTP
19 105 (0.35%) Wireless
20 103 (0.34%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9,761 (32.45%) SQL Server
2 3,196 (10.62%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 3,039 (10.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 2,767 (9.20%) Data Warehouse
5 2,466 (8.20%) NoSQL
6 2,385 (7.93%) Relational Database
7 1,884 (6.26%) MySQL
8 1,810 (6.02%) Power BI
9 1,663 (5.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1,642 (5.46%) Big Data
11 1,255 (4.17%) PostgreSQL
12 1,147 (3.81%) MongoDB
13 1,083 (3.60%) Hadoop
14 960 (3.19%) SQL Server 2008
15 887 (2.95%) Oracle Database
16 857 (2.85%) SQL Server 2012
17 750 (2.49%) RDBMS
18 728 (2.42%) Azure SQL Database
19 685 (2.28%) SQL Server 2016
20 616 (2.05%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 3,106 (10.32%) Git (software)
2 1,851 (6.15%) Visual Studio
3 1,504 (5.00%) JIRA
4 1,484 (4.93%) Jenkins
5 1,385 (4.60%) Team Foundation Server
6 1,092 (3.63%) Selenium
7 757 (2.52%) TeamCity
8 609 (2.02%) Subversion
9 531 (1.77%) Maven
10 529 (1.76%) Cucumber
11 523 (1.74%) JUnit
12 519 (1.73%) Octopus Deploy
13 451 (1.50%) NUnit
14 381 (1.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 377 (1.25%) Visual Studio Team System
16 360 (1.20%) Eclipse
17 316 (1.05%) SpecFlow
18 247 (0.82%) WebDriver
19 238 (0.79%) Oracle Forms
20 218 (0.72%) SoapUI
General
1 7,544 (25.08%) Finance
2 2,157 (7.17%) Banking
3 1,417 (4.71%) Retail
4 1,284 (4.27%) Marketing
5 836 (2.78%) Front Office
6 624 (2.07%) Telecoms
7 562 (1.87%) Advertising
8 538 (1.79%) Investment Banking
9 477 (1.59%) Manufacturing
10 470 (1.56%) Legal
11 454 (1.51%) Games
12 371 (1.23%) Law
13 335 (1.11%) Back Office
14 204 (0.68%) Electronics
15 200 (0.66%) Financial Institution
16 174 (0.58%) Publishing
17 154 (0.51%) Automotive
18 147 (0.49%) French Language
19 127 (0.42%) German Language
20 107 (0.36%) Billing
Job Titles
1 13,611 (45.24%) Developer
2 4,804 (15.97%) Analyst
3 3,605 (11.98%) .NET Developer
4 3,417 (11.36%) C# Developer
5 2,352 (7.82%) SQL Developer
6 2,226 (7.40%) Senior Developer
7 2,104 (6.99%) C# .NET Developer
8 2,097 (6.97%) Software Developer
9 1,932 (6.42%) Java Developer
10 1,367 (4.54%) Applications Support
11 1,287 (4.28%) Software Engineer
12 1,269 (4.22%) DBA
13 1,186 (3.94%) Support Analyst
14 1,185 (3.94%) Architect
15 1,084 (3.60%) Junior
16 1,057 (3.51%) Consultant
17 1,054 (3.50%) Business Intelligence Developer
18 945 (3.14%) SQL DBA
19 879 (2.92%) Data Analyst
20 853 (2.84%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9,069 (30.15%) .NET
2 5,441 (18.09%) HTML
3 4,603 (15.30%) CSS
4 4,242 (14.10%) ASP.NET
5 3,205 (10.65%) AngularJS
6 3,061 (10.17%) Web Services
7 2,490 (8.28%) XML
8 2,195 (7.30%) jQuery
9 1,985 (6.60%) ASP.NET MVC
10 1,795 (5.97%) .NET Framework
11 1,773 (5.89%) ASP.NET Web API
12 1,771 (5.89%) Spring
13 1,740 (5.78%) REST
14 1,509 (5.02%) HTML5
15 1,475 (4.90%) React
16 1,468 (4.88%) RESTful
17 1,322 (4.39%) JSON
18 1,259 (4.18%) SOAP
19 1,120 (3.72%) WCF
20 1,063 (3.53%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 3,057 (10.16%) Analytical Skills
2 1,372 (4.56%) Greenfield Project
3 1,324 (4.40%) Fintech
4 979 (3.25%) Self-Motivation
5 917 (3.05%) Enterprise Software
6 811 (2.70%) Management Information System
7 745 (2.48%) Algorithms
8 696 (2.31%) User Experience
9 676 (2.25%) Hedge funds
10 665 (2.21%) Data Structures
11 574 (1.91%) Equities
12 570 (1.89%) Derivative
13 566 (1.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 565 (1.88%) Fixed Income
15 500 (1.66%) Mobile App
16 438 (1.46%) Replication
17 412 (1.37%) Clustering
18 385 (1.28%) Data Centre
19 303 (1.01%) Virtual Team
20 270 (0.90%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 4,597 (15.28%) Windows
2 3,914 (13.01%) Linux
3 1,815 (6.03%) Unix
4 1,612 (5.36%) Windows Server
5 431 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
6 421 (1.40%) Windows Server 2008
7 409 (1.36%) Android
8 385 (1.28%) Apple iOS
9 357 (1.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 333 (1.11%) Windows 10
11 264 (0.88%) Windows 7
12 257 (0.85%) CentOS
13 186 (0.62%) Ubuntu
14 166 (0.55%) Solaris
15 138 (0.46%) AIX
16 111 (0.37%) Windows 8
17 97 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
18 57 (0.19%) VMS
19 53 (0.18%) Fedora
19 53 (0.18%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 10,090 (33.54%) Agile Software Development
2 4,539 (15.09%) Business Intelligence
3 4,442 (14.77%) MVC
4 3,581 (11.90%) Problem-Solving
5 3,412 (11.34%) Software Engineering
6 3,249 (10.80%) TDD
7 3,204 (10.65%) Analytics
8 2,834 (9.42%) Test Automation
9 2,790 (9.27%) Scrum
10 2,477 (8.23%) ETL
11 2,442 (8.12%) DevOps
12 2,432 (8.08%) Computer Science
13 2,163 (7.19%) OO
14 2,121 (7.05%) SDLC
15 2,095 (6.96%) Continuous Integration
16 1,689 (5.61%) Microservices
17 1,672 (5.56%) Web Development
18 1,637 (5.44%) Mentoring
19 1,611 (5.36%) Data Modelling
20 1,510 (5.02%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 9,980 (33.17%) C#
2 7,396 (24.58%) JavaScript
3 6,287 (20.90%) Java
4 4,745 (15.77%) Python
5 4,457 (14.82%) T-SQL
6 1,765 (5.87%) PowerShell
7 1,760 (5.85%) PL/SQL
8 1,599 (5.32%) C++
9 1,305 (4.34%) PHP
10 1,067 (3.55%) R
11 829 (2.76%) VB.NET
12 738 (2.45%) C
13 725 (2.41%) VBA
14 699 (2.32%) Scala
15 695 (2.31%) Ruby
16 694 (2.31%) Bash Shell
17 658 (2.19%) Perl
18 631 (2.10%) Shell Script
19 570 (1.89%) Java 8
20 563 (1.87%) VB
Qualifications
1 4,280 (14.23%) Degree
2 1,122 (3.73%) Computer Science Degree
3 613 (2.04%) Microsoft Certification
4 582 (1.93%) Security Cleared
5 358 (1.19%) ISTQB
6 355 (1.18%) ISEB
7 343 (1.14%) SC Cleared
8 281 (0.93%) MCSE
9 226 (0.75%) MCSA
10 201 (0.67%) PhD
11 185 (0.61%) Master's Degree
12 161 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
13 156 (0.52%) CISSP
14 155 (0.52%) Cisco Certification
15 153 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 135 (0.45%) SANS
17 115 (0.38%) MCP
18 108 (0.36%) CREST Certified
19 107 (0.36%) ITIL Certification
20 106 (0.35%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,860 (6.18%) QA
2 760 (2.53%) Data Quality
3 436 (1.45%) SLA
4 410 (1.36%) GDPR
5 295 (0.98%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 146 (0.49%) PCI DSS
7 81 (0.27%) PMO
8 50 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
9 45 (0.15%) MiFID
10 34 (0.11%) Solvency II
11 30 (0.100%) HL7
12 29 (0.096%) HIPAA
13 26 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 21 (0.070%) FATCA
14 21 (0.070%) IFRS
15 20 (0.066%) ISO 9001
16 18 (0.060%) Actionable Recommendations
17 17 (0.057%) Dodd-Frank
17 17 (0.057%) IFRS 9
18 15 (0.050%) DICOM
System Software
1 1,642 (5.46%) Active Directory
2 1,548 (5.15%) Docker
3 974 (3.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 560 (1.86%) Hyper-V
5 327 (1.09%) Virtual Machines
6 178 (0.59%) vSphere
7 135 (0.45%) XenApp
8 126 (0.42%) HDFS
9 116 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
10 91 (0.30%) Oracle RAC
11 90 (0.30%) XenDesktop
12 68 (0.23%) VirtualBox
13 59 (0.20%) Apache Flume
14 52 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 44 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
16 39 (0.13%) Terminal Services
17 34 (0.11%) XenServer
18 29 (0.096%) KVM
19 26 (0.086%) Xen
20 25 (0.083%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 871 (2.90%) Ansible
2 705 (2.34%) Puppet
3 694 (2.31%) Kubernetes
4 559 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
5 443 (1.47%) Terraform
6 335 (1.11%) SCCM
7 141 (0.47%) Oozie
8 138 (0.46%) Nagios
9 137 (0.46%) SCOM
10 105 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
11 103 (0.34%) HP Quality Center
12 100 (0.33%) Prometheus
13 99 (0.33%) Kibana
14 93 (0.31%) Salt
15 85 (0.28%) Grafana
16 76 (0.25%) Data Guard
17 71 (0.24%) Control-M
17 71 (0.24%) Oracle RMAN
18 70 (0.23%) WSUS
19 66 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 7,451 (24.77%) Microsoft
2 4,153 (13.80%) Oracle
3 1,519 (5.05%) Tableau
4 1,415 (4.70%) VMware
5 853 (2.84%) Google
6 770 (2.56%) SAP
7 559 (1.86%) Cisco
8 547 (1.82%) Citrix
9 465 (1.55%) Red Hat
10 432 (1.44%) IBM
11 373 (1.24%) Salesforce.com
12 317 (1.05%) Xamarin
13 298 (0.99%) Cognos
14 271 (0.90%) HP
15 238 (0.79%) Splunk
16 223 (0.74%) Adobe
17 205 (0.68%) Atlassian
18 204 (0.68%) Informatica
19 200 (0.66%) Sitecore
19 200 (0.66%) Sybase