Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 22,933 30,173 36,650
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.65% 19.98% 20.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 34.48% 36.36% 37.32%
Number of salaries quoted 19,172 25,506 31,196
UK median annual salary £50,000 £48,500 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +3.09% +7.78% -
10th Percentile £30,000 £29,750 £28,000
90th Percentile £81,250 £77,500 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 66,518 82,976 98,193
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 54.10% 54.95% 55.73%
Number of salaries quoted 54,890 68,683 82,758
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,000 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,000 £31,250 £30,000
90th Percentile £88,750 £85,000 £77,500
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 21,153 £50,000 - 4,376
UK excluding London 0 13,195 £45,000 +5.88% 3,327
London 0 9,147 £61,250 +2.08% 1,366
South East -1 4,418 £45,000 - 835
North of England 0 3,042 £43,000 +1.18% 947
Midlands 0 1,927 £42,500 +3.66% 611
North West 0 1,681 £45,000 - 520
South West +1 1,445 £41,500 +3.75% 335
West Midlands 0 1,239 £45,000 +5.88% 352
Yorkshire 0 1,179 £42,500 - 358
East of England 0 1,111 £47,500 +9.20% 283
Scotland -1 794 £45,000 - 203
East Midlands -4 682 £40,000 - 257
Wales -1 353 £42,500 +13.33% 88
North East -3 182 £40,000 -11.11% 69
Northern Ireland -3 106 £40,000 - 25
Channel Islands +10 8 £63,750 +70.00% 3
Isle of Man +7 8 £47,500 -13.64% 1

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 7,452 (32.49%) C#
2 7,271 (31.71%) Agile Software Development
3 7,026 (30.64%) SQL Server
4 6,697 (29.20%) .NET
5 5,509 (24.02%) JavaScript
6 5,324 (23.22%) Azure
7 5,278 (23.01%) Microsoft
8 5,078 (22.14%) Finance
9 4,221 (18.41%) Python
10 4,168 (18.17%) Java
11 3,794 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
12 3,526 (15.38%) HTML
13 3,196 (13.94%) AWS
14 3,144 (13.71%) CSS
15 3,041 (13.26%) ASP.NET
16 3,040 (13.26%) MVC
17 2,993 (13.05%) Degree
18 2,951 (12.87%) Windows
19 2,916 (12.72%) Oracle
20 2,906 (12.67%) Analytics
21 2,854 (12.44%) T-SQL
22 2,788 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
23 2,702 (11.78%) DevOps
24 2,601 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
25 2,431 (10.60%) AngularJS
26 2,406 (10.49%) Software Engineering
27 2,403 (10.48%) Git (software)
28 2,378 (10.37%) Linux
29 2,349 (10.24%) ETL
30 2,284 (9.96%) SQL Server Integration Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 692 (3.02%) SharePoint
2 680 (2.97%) Apache Spark
3 637 (2.78%) IIS
4 418 (1.82%) Elasticsearch
5 396 (1.73%) SAS
6 346 (1.51%) Apache
7 314 (1.37%) Confluence
8 278 (1.21%) Tomcat
9 225 (0.98%) CMS
10 221 (0.96%) MS Exchange
11 130 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
12 117 (0.51%) WebSphere
13 112 (0.49%) JBoss
13 112 (0.49%) Umbraco
14 97 (0.42%) BizTalk Server
15 96 (0.42%) nginx
16 93 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
17 83 (0.36%) WebLogic
18 81 (0.35%) Exchange Server 2010
19 80 (0.35%) WordPress
Applications
1 1,233 (5.38%) Microsoft Excel
2 755 (3.29%) Microsoft Office
3 181 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 158 (0.69%) MS Visio
5 109 (0.48%) SPSS
6 56 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
7 51 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
8 33 (0.14%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.065%) Adobe Illustrator
9 15 (0.065%) Chatbot
10 10 (0.044%) Camtasia
11 7 (0.031%) Sketch
12 6 (0.026%) Adobe XD
13 5 (0.022%) Adobe Premiere
14 4 (0.017%) Acrobat
14 4 (0.017%) Adobe Captivate
14 4 (0.017%) AutoCAD
14 4 (0.017%) InDesign
14 4 (0.017%) S-PLUS
14 4 (0.017%) Stata
Business Applications
1 373 (1.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 163 (0.71%) Oracle EBS
3 147 (0.64%) Markit EDM
4 98 (0.43%) thinkFolio
5 96 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
6 88 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
7 87 (0.38%) Oracle ERP
8 83 (0.36%) PolarLake
9 79 (0.34%) NetSuite
10 77 (0.34%) Eagle PACE
11 73 (0.32%) Payment Gateway
12 63 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
13 52 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
13 52 (0.23%) Oracle Payables
14 50 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
15 48 (0.21%) Front Arena
15 48 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
16 44 (0.19%) Magento
17 37 (0.16%) Oracle iProcurement
18 33 (0.14%) Cognos Business Intelligence
Cloud Services
1 5,324 (23.22%) Azure
2 3,196 (13.94%) AWS
3 2,060 (8.98%) Power Platform
4 839 (3.66%) SaaS
5 781 (3.41%) Office 365
6 748 (3.26%) GCP
7 485 (2.11%) PaaS
8 382 (1.67%) Serverless
9 344 (1.50%) GitHub
10 334 (1.46%) Azure Data Factory
11 328 (1.43%) IaaS
12 309 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
13 299 (1.30%) Cloud Computing
14 271 (1.18%) Amazon S3
15 251 (1.09%) Amazon EC2
16 240 (1.05%) Azure Active Directory
17 152 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
18 130 (0.57%) Amazon EMR
19 123 (0.54%) Google Analytics
20 121 (0.53%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 450 (1.96%) Firewall
2 428 (1.87%) DNS
3 396 (1.73%) TCP/IP
4 321 (1.40%) Internet
5 277 (1.21%) DHCP
6 256 (1.12%) SAN
7 248 (1.08%) WAN
8 236 (1.03%) HTTP
9 229 (1.00%) LAN
10 164 (0.72%) VPN
11 159 (0.69%) SSL
12 101 (0.44%) Wireless
13 94 (0.41%) Skype
14 93 (0.41%) VoIP
15 87 (0.38%) VLAN
16 68 (0.30%) NAS
17 61 (0.27%) FTP
18 56 (0.24%) Intranet
19 54 (0.24%) Network Security
20 44 (0.19%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7,026 (30.64%) SQL Server
2 2,284 (9.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 2,227 (9.71%) Data Warehouse
4 2,022 (8.82%) Power BI
5 2,000 (8.72%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,836 (8.01%) NoSQL
7 1,681 (7.33%) Relational Database
8 1,381 (6.02%) MySQL
9 1,240 (5.41%) Big Data
10 1,081 (4.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 1,068 (4.66%) PostgreSQL
12 760 (3.31%) Azure SQL Database
13 726 (3.17%) Hadoop
14 657 (2.86%) MongoDB
15 614 (2.68%) Data Lake
16 592 (2.58%) RDBMS
17 590 (2.57%) Oracle Database
18 449 (1.96%) SQL Server 2012
19 391 (1.70%) SQL Server 2016
20 389 (1.70%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 2,403 (10.48%) Git (software)
2 1,172 (5.11%) JIRA
3 1,119 (4.88%) Jenkins
4 933 (4.07%) Visual Studio
5 799 (3.48%) Selenium
6 796 (3.47%) Team Foundation Server
7 433 (1.89%) Maven
8 374 (1.63%) Subversion
9 373 (1.63%) JUnit
10 367 (1.60%) Cucumber
11 311 (1.36%) TeamCity
12 271 (1.18%) Octopus Deploy
13 259 (1.13%) Bitbucket
13 259 (1.13%) NUnit
14 246 (1.07%) SpecFlow
15 242 (1.06%) SoapUI
16 229 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
17 211 (0.92%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 196 (0.85%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
19 188 (0.82%) WebDriver
General
1 5,078 (22.14%) Finance
2 1,028 (4.48%) Banking
3 1,013 (4.42%) Retail
4 960 (4.19%) Marketing
5 575 (2.51%) Front Office
6 494 (2.15%) Public Sector
7 427 (1.86%) Legal
8 368 (1.60%) Manufacturing
9 360 (1.57%) Law
10 346 (1.51%) Back Office
11 329 (1.43%) Games
12 286 (1.25%) Telecoms
13 195 (0.85%) Financial Institution
14 192 (0.84%) Automotive
15 175 (0.76%) Advertising
16 160 (0.70%) Investment Banking
17 125 (0.55%) Publishing
18 123 (0.54%) Electronics
19 106 (0.46%) Billing
20 103 (0.45%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 9,993 (43.57%) Developer
2 3,630 (15.83%) Analyst
3 2,464 (10.74%) .NET Developer
4 2,228 (9.72%) C# Developer
5 1,781 (7.77%) Senior Developer
6 1,671 (7.29%) Software Developer
7 1,482 (6.46%) SQL Developer
8 1,270 (5.54%) Java Developer
9 1,216 (5.30%) C# .NET Developer
10 1,199 (5.23%) Software Engineer
11 902 (3.93%) Applications Support
12 872 (3.80%) Data Analyst
13 830 (3.62%) Consultant
14 826 (3.60%) Data Engineer
15 819 (3.57%) Support Analyst
16 789 (3.44%) Architect
17 782 (3.41%) DBA
18 772 (3.37%) Junior
19 743 (3.24%) Business Intelligence Developer
20 708 (3.09%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 6,697 (29.20%) .NET
2 3,526 (15.38%) HTML
3 3,144 (13.71%) CSS
4 3,041 (13.26%) ASP.NET
5 2,431 (10.60%) AngularJS
6 2,056 (8.97%) Web Services
7 1,531 (6.68%) .NET Framework
8 1,499 (6.54%) XML
9 1,464 (6.38%) .NET Core
10 1,446 (6.31%) REST
11 1,429 (6.23%) React
12 1,409 (6.14%) ASP.NET MVC
13 1,316 (5.74%) jQuery
14 1,187 (5.18%) RESTful
15 1,176 (5.13%) ASP.NET Web API
16 1,074 (4.68%) Spring
17 945 (4.12%) Node.js
18 928 (4.05%) HTML5
19 890 (3.88%) SOAP
20 828 (3.61%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 2,601 (11.34%) Analytical Skills
2 1,008 (4.40%) Greenfield Project
3 684 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
4 664 (2.90%) Management Information System
5 629 (2.74%) User Experience
6 522 (2.28%) Hedge funds
7 496 (2.16%) Fixed Income
8 456 (1.99%) Enterprise Software
9 453 (1.98%) Data Structures
10 441 (1.92%) Derivative
11 436 (1.90%) Algorithms
12 418 (1.82%) Equities
13 417 (1.82%) Mobile App
14 329 (1.43%) Data Centre
15 293 (1.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 253 (1.10%) Public Cloud
17 239 (1.04%) Replication
18 229 (1.00%) Clustering
19 196 (0.85%) Reference Data
20 156 (0.68%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 2,951 (12.87%) Windows
2 2,378 (10.37%) Linux
3 1,118 (4.88%) Unix
4 1,068 (4.66%) Windows Server
5 337 (1.47%) Windows Server 2012
6 318 (1.39%) Android
7 264 (1.15%) Apple iOS
8 244 (1.06%) Windows 10
9 214 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
10 187 (0.82%) Windows 7
11 162 (0.71%) CentOS
12 114 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 95 (0.41%) Mac OS X
14 84 (0.37%) Debian
15 74 (0.32%) Solaris
16 68 (0.30%) Windows 8
17 60 (0.26%) Ubuntu
18 44 (0.19%) VMS
19 42 (0.18%) Windows Server 2003
20 40 (0.17%) AIX
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,271 (31.71%) Agile Software Development
2 3,794 (16.54%) Business Intelligence
3 3,040 (13.26%) MVC
4 2,906 (12.67%) Analytics
5 2,788 (12.16%) Problem-Solving
6 2,702 (11.78%) DevOps
7 2,406 (10.49%) Software Engineering
8 2,349 (10.24%) ETL
9 2,177 (9.49%) Scrum
10 2,025 (8.83%) TDD
11 1,877 (8.18%) Test Automation
12 1,774 (7.74%) Computer Science
13 1,696 (7.40%) Microservices
14 1,605 (7.00%) SDLC
15 1,468 (6.40%) Data Modelling
16 1,438 (6.27%) Mentoring
17 1,319 (5.75%) Continuous Integration
18 1,293 (5.64%) Visualisation
19 1,226 (5.35%) OO
20 1,222 (5.33%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 7,452 (32.49%) C#
2 5,509 (24.02%) JavaScript
3 4,221 (18.41%) Python
4 4,168 (18.17%) Java
5 2,854 (12.44%) T-SQL
6 1,240 (5.41%) PowerShell
7 1,175 (5.12%) PL/SQL
8 1,032 (4.50%) R
9 967 (4.22%) PHP
10 908 (3.96%) C++
11 671 (2.93%) VB.NET
12 630 (2.75%) TypeScript
13 540 (2.35%) VBA
14 529 (2.31%) Scala
15 517 (2.25%) C
16 493 (2.15%) Bash Shell
17 399 (1.74%) VB
18 373 (1.63%) Shell Script
19 368 (1.60%) Ruby
20 365 (1.59%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 2,993 (13.05%) Degree
2 953 (4.16%) Computer Science Degree
3 438 (1.91%) Microsoft Certification
4 419 (1.83%) Security Cleared
5 295 (1.29%) SC Cleared
6 223 (0.97%) ISTQB
7 159 (0.69%) MCSE
8 152 (0.66%) ISEB
9 142 (0.62%) Numerate Degree
10 136 (0.59%) Cisco Certification
11 134 (0.58%) PhD
12 122 (0.53%) DV Cleared
13 114 (0.50%) MCSA
14 107 (0.47%) CCNA
14 107 (0.47%) Master's Degree
15 86 (0.38%) MCP
16 70 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
17 64 (0.28%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 55 (0.24%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
19 45 (0.20%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,289 (5.62%) QA
2 594 (2.59%) Data Quality
3 410 (1.79%) SLA
4 225 (0.98%) GDPR
5 100 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 61 (0.27%) GAAP
7 59 (0.26%) PCI DSS
8 38 (0.17%) PMO
9 36 (0.16%) DICOM
10 33 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 32 (0.14%) MiFID
12 29 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
13 24 (0.10%) EMIR
14 21 (0.092%) Solvency II
15 19 (0.083%) IFRS
15 19 (0.083%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 17 (0.074%) ISO 9001
17 15 (0.065%) HL7
18 14 (0.061%) COBIT
19 12 (0.052%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 1,783 (7.77%) Docker
2 1,157 (5.05%) Active Directory
3 553 (2.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 427 (1.86%) Hyper-V
5 129 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
6 122 (0.53%) XenApp
7 107 (0.47%) vSphere
8 98 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
9 91 (0.40%) VirtualBox
10 72 (0.31%) XenDesktop
11 69 (0.30%) HDFS
12 65 (0.28%) Firmware
13 55 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
14 50 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
15 30 (0.13%) Microsoft App-V
16 28 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 26 (0.11%) Terminal Services
18 22 (0.096%) Terminal Server
19 17 (0.074%) Microsoft Virtual Server
20 15 (0.065%) KVM
Systems Management
1 1,115 (4.86%) Kubernetes
2 495 (2.16%) Ansible
3 463 (2.02%) Terraform
4 355 (1.55%) Puppet
5 290 (1.26%) SCCM
6 205 (0.89%) Opscode Chef
7 129 (0.56%) SCOM
8 106 (0.46%) Docker Swarm
9 84 (0.37%) Grafana
10 82 (0.36%) Nagios
11 80 (0.35%) Packer
12 62 (0.27%) Prometheus
13 61 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
13 61 (0.27%) WSUS
14 57 (0.25%) Kibana
15 49 (0.21%) Data Guard
16 44 (0.19%) Control-M
17 40 (0.17%) Backup Exec
17 40 (0.17%) Microsoft Clustering
18 39 (0.17%) Graphite
Vendors
1 5,278 (23.01%) Microsoft
2 2,916 (12.72%) Oracle
3 1,404 (6.12%) Tableau
4 848 (3.70%) VMware
5 683 (2.98%) Google
6 512 (2.23%) SAP
7 424 (1.85%) IBM
8 323 (1.41%) Salesforce.com
9 316 (1.38%) Cisco
10 304 (1.33%) Informatica
11 303 (1.32%) Citrix
12 246 (1.07%) Teradata
13 236 (1.03%) HP
14 232 (1.01%) Bloomberg
15 211 (0.92%) Alteryx
16 205 (0.89%) Databricks
17 189 (0.82%) Talend
18 176 (0.77%) Cognos
19 161 (0.70%) Xamarin
20 156 (0.68%) Cadence