Period
to 5 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 5 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
5 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 3 4
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 0
Permanent jobs citing SQL 14,429 28,626 37,544
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 18.30% 19.43% 21.09%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.95% 36.06% 37.64%
Number of salaries quoted 12,754 25,232 32,908
Median annual salary £50,000 £49,500 £47,500
Median salary % change year-on-year +1.01% +4.21% +5.56%
10th Percentile £31,250 £29,750 £29,000
90th Percentile £83,000 £80,000 £75,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,784 79,375 99,756
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 55.54% 53.88% 56.05%
Number of salaries quoted 36,040 65,066 83,098
Median annual salary £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £32,500 £31,250 £30,250
90th Percentile £90,000 £85,000 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year +5.56% - +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Salary trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 5 July 2020.

Salary histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 19 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 5 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 13,333 £51,593 +3.19% 1,246
UK excluding London -1 8,229 £45,000 +5.88% 927
London -1 5,857 £65,000 +8.33% 396
South East -1 2,721 £47,500 +5.56% 216
North of England 0 2,010 £45,000 +5.88% 260
Midlands -1 1,145 £45,000 +12.50% 187
North West +1 1,132 £50,000 +17.65% 142
Work from Home +1 904 £50,000 +5.26% 185
South West -1 851 £45,000 +12.50% 106
Yorkshire -1 766 £42,500 - 91
West Midlands -1 763 £46,000 +8.24% 121
East of England 0 708 £45,000 - 80
Scotland -3 467 £47,500 +5.91% 41
East Midlands -2 377 £40,000 - 66
Wales 0 260 £44,690 +14.59% 31
North East -6 112 £40,000 +6.67% 27
Northern Ireland -5 57 £37,500 -6.25% 6
Channel Islands +5 14 £55,000 +4.76% 1
Isle of Man +4 6 £47,500 -5.00%

For the 6 months to 5 July 2020, IT jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,599 (31.87%) Agile Software Development
2 4,537 (31.44%) SQL Server
3 4,368 (30.27%) C#
4 4,111 (28.49%) .NET
5 3,866 (26.79%) Azure
6 3,429 (23.76%) JavaScript
7 3,416 (23.67%) Microsoft
8 3,335 (23.11%) Finance
9 2,901 (20.11%) Python
10 2,597 (18.00%) Java
11 2,509 (17.39%) Business Intelligence
12 2,183 (15.13%) AWS
13 2,162 (14.98%) HTML
14 2,066 (14.32%) Degree
15 2,060 (14.28%) Analytics
16 1,969 (13.65%) DevOps
17 1,959 (13.58%) CSS
18 1,860 (12.89%) Oracle
19 1,853 (12.84%) Windows
20 1,756 (12.17%) Analytical Skills
21 1,721 (11.93%) ASP.NET
22 1,696 (11.75%) Problem-Solving
23 1,656 (11.48%) MVC
24 1,654 (11.46%) T-SQL
25 1,583 (10.97%) AngularJS
26 1,567 (10.86%) Git (software)
27 1,561 (10.82%) Linux
27 1,561 (10.82%) ETL
28 1,553 (10.76%) Power Platform
29 1,538 (10.66%) Data Warehouse

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 487 (3.38%) SharePoint
2 424 (2.94%) Apache Spark
3 380 (2.63%) IIS
4 271 (1.88%) Confluence
5 265 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
6 253 (1.75%) Apache
7 216 (1.50%) SAS
8 155 (1.07%) Tomcat
9 128 (0.89%) MS Exchange
10 88 (0.61%) CMS
11 87 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
12 71 (0.49%) WebSphere
13 65 (0.45%) nginx
14 59 (0.41%) Exchange Server 2010
15 49 (0.34%) Exchange Server 2013
16 42 (0.29%) Luigi
17 40 (0.28%) Skype for Business
17 40 (0.28%) WebLogic
18 38 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
19 37 (0.26%) JBoss
Applications
1 813 (5.63%) Microsoft Excel
2 447 (3.10%) Microsoft Office
3 109 (0.76%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 66 (0.46%) SPSS
5 62 (0.43%) MS Visio
6 40 (0.28%) Microsoft Project
7 31 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
8 9 (0.062%) Camtasia
8 9 (0.062%) MadCap Flare
8 9 (0.062%) Photoshop
9 6 (0.042%) Chatbot
10 5 (0.035%) FileZilla
11 4 (0.028%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.028%) Notepad++
11 4 (0.028%) S-PLUS
12 3 (0.021%) Abaqus
13 2 (0.014%) EViews
13 2 (0.014%) Quantrix
13 2 (0.014%) Stata
14 1 (0.007%) Gephi
Business Applications
1 219 (1.52%) Dynamics CRM
2 90 (0.62%) Markit EDM
3 59 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
4 58 (0.40%) PolarLake
5 56 (0.39%) Eagle PACE
5 56 (0.39%) NetSuite
6 53 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
7 47 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
8 45 (0.31%) Oracle ERP
9 38 (0.26%) Oracle Payables
10 34 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
11 29 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
12 27 (0.19%) Magento
13 26 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
13 26 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
14 25 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
14 25 (0.17%) Unit4 Business World
15 24 (0.17%) Oracle Assets
16 22 (0.15%) Elite 3E
16 22 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 3,866 (26.79%) Azure
2 2,183 (15.13%) AWS
3 1,553 (10.76%) Power Platform
4 616 (4.27%) SaaS
5 585 (4.05%) GCP
6 565 (3.92%) Office 365
7 408 (2.83%) PaaS
8 361 (2.50%) Serverless
9 308 (2.13%) Azure Data Factory
10 256 (1.77%) IaaS
11 236 (1.64%) Dynamics 365
12 193 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
13 175 (1.21%) GitHub
14 168 (1.16%) Amazon S3
15 160 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
16 155 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
17 146 (1.01%) Azure Active Directory
18 118 (0.82%) OpenShift
19 91 (0.63%) Amazon EMR
20 82 (0.57%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 291 (2.02%) Firewall
2 226 (1.57%) DNS
3 224 (1.55%) TCP/IP
4 174 (1.21%) Internet
5 163 (1.13%) WAN
6 154 (1.07%) LAN
7 138 (0.96%) SAN
8 131 (0.91%) HTTP
9 130 (0.90%) DHCP
10 112 (0.78%) VPN
11 105 (0.73%) Skype
12 75 (0.52%) SSL
13 62 (0.43%) VoIP
14 54 (0.37%) Network Security
15 49 (0.34%) Wireless
16 45 (0.31%) FTP
17 41 (0.28%) VLAN
18 40 (0.28%) NAS
19 39 (0.27%) Intranet
20 38 (0.26%) NetScaler
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,537 (31.44%) SQL Server
2 1,538 (10.66%) Data Warehouse
3 1,525 (10.57%) Power BI
4 1,471 (10.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 1,275 (8.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,267 (8.78%) NoSQL
7 936 (6.49%) Relational Database
8 878 (6.08%) MySQL
9 792 (5.49%) Big Data
10 721 (5.00%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 694 (4.81%) PostgreSQL
12 626 (4.34%) Data Lake
13 579 (4.01%) Azure SQL Database
14 479 (3.32%) MongoDB
15 466 (3.23%) Hadoop
16 360 (2.49%) RDBMS
17 349 (2.42%) Oracle Database
18 296 (2.05%) Amazon Redshift
19 292 (2.02%) SQL Server 2012
20 268 (1.86%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1,567 (10.86%) Git (software)
2 800 (5.54%) JIRA
3 722 (5.00%) Jenkins
4 517 (3.58%) Selenium
5 504 (3.49%) Visual Studio
6 397 (2.75%) Team Foundation Server
7 303 (2.10%) Maven
8 234 (1.62%) SpecFlow
9 228 (1.58%) JUnit
10 219 (1.52%) Cucumber
11 207 (1.43%) TeamCity
12 182 (1.26%) Subversion
13 173 (1.20%) NUnit
13 173 (1.20%) Octopus Deploy
14 163 (1.13%) GitLab
15 160 (1.11%) Bitbucket
16 151 (1.05%) SoapUI
17 143 (0.99%) Artifactory
18 130 (0.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 129 (0.89%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
General
1 3,335 (23.11%) Finance
2 658 (4.56%) Banking
3 540 (3.74%) Retail
4 461 (3.19%) Marketing
5 369 (2.56%) Front Office
6 328 (2.27%) Law
7 324 (2.25%) Legal
8 282 (1.95%) Back Office
9 245 (1.70%) Manufacturing
10 241 (1.67%) Public Sector
11 220 (1.52%) Games
12 167 (1.16%) Advertising
13 145 (1.00%) Financial Institution
14 143 (0.99%) Telecoms
15 136 (0.94%) Investment Banking
16 72 (0.50%) Automotive
17 69 (0.48%) Local Government
18 57 (0.40%) Electronics
19 50 (0.35%) Aerospace
20 46 (0.32%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 5,973 (41.40%) Developer
2 2,434 (16.87%) Analyst
3 1,419 (9.83%) .NET Developer
4 1,159 (8.03%) C# Developer
5 1,109 (7.69%) Senior Developer
6 1,028 (7.12%) Software Developer
7 879 (6.09%) SQL Developer
8 752 (5.21%) Software Engineer
9 714 (4.95%) Java Developer
10 677 (4.69%) Data Engineer
11 632 (4.38%) C# .NET Developer
12 603 (4.18%) Data Analyst
13 564 (3.91%) Applications Support
14 546 (3.78%) Support Analyst
15 525 (3.64%) Architect
16 505 (3.50%) Business Intelligence Developer
17 472 (3.27%) DBA
18 471 (3.26%) Full Stack Developer
19 459 (3.18%) Consultant
20 427 (2.96%) Junior
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,111 (28.49%) .NET
2 2,162 (14.98%) HTML
3 1,959 (13.58%) CSS
4 1,721 (11.93%) ASP.NET
5 1,583 (10.97%) AngularJS
6 1,230 (8.52%) Web Services
7 1,119 (7.76%) .NET Core
8 1,033 (7.16%) .NET Framework
9 958 (6.64%) React
10 891 (6.18%) REST
11 804 (5.57%) XML
12 752 (5.21%) jQuery
13 722 (5.00%) ASP.NET Web API
14 677 (4.69%) ASP.NET MVC
15 666 (4.62%) Spring
16 659 (4.57%) RESTful
17 630 (4.37%) Node.js
18 599 (4.15%) HTML5
19 548 (3.80%) Entity Framework
20 461 (3.19%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 1,756 (12.17%) Analytical Skills
2 648 (4.49%) Greenfield Project
3 482 (3.34%) Management Information System
4 416 (2.88%) Self-Motivation
5 385 (2.67%) Data Structures
6 376 (2.61%) User Experience
7 363 (2.52%) Hedge funds
8 315 (2.18%) Algorithms
9 313 (2.17%) Fixed Income
10 270 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
11 265 (1.84%) Derivative
12 262 (1.82%) Mobile App
13 236 (1.64%) Data Centre
14 208 (1.44%) Equities
15 197 (1.37%) Public Cloud
16 140 (0.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 140 (0.97%) Replication
17 134 (0.93%) Clustering
18 105 (0.73%) Virtual Team
19 102 (0.71%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 1,853 (12.84%) Windows
2 1,561 (10.82%) Linux
3 745 (5.16%) Windows Server
4 615 (4.26%) Unix
5 239 (1.66%) Windows Server 2012
6 176 (1.22%) Windows Server 2016
7 173 (1.20%) Android
8 169 (1.17%) Apple iOS
9 163 (1.13%) Windows 10
10 119 (0.82%) CentOS
11 115 (0.80%) Windows Server 2008
12 96 (0.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 94 (0.65%) Windows 7
14 58 (0.40%) Debian
14 58 (0.40%) Windows Server 2019
15 52 (0.36%) Ubuntu
16 45 (0.31%) Solaris
17 43 (0.30%) Mac OS X
18 31 (0.21%) Windows 8
19 27 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,599 (31.87%) Agile Software Development
2 2,509 (17.39%) Business Intelligence
3 2,060 (14.28%) Analytics
4 1,969 (13.65%) DevOps
5 1,696 (11.75%) Problem-Solving
6 1,656 (11.48%) MVC
7 1,561 (10.82%) ETL
8 1,519 (10.53%) Software Engineering
9 1,302 (9.02%) Scrum
10 1,276 (8.84%) TDD
11 1,193 (8.27%) Test Automation
12 1,168 (8.09%) Computer Science
13 1,157 (8.02%) Microservices
14 1,046 (7.25%) Data Modelling
15 918 (6.36%) Visualisation
16 909 (6.30%) Continuous Integration
17 898 (6.22%) Mentoring
18 880 (6.10%) Data Analysis
19 861 (5.97%) SDLC
20 829 (5.75%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 4,368 (30.27%) C#
2 3,429 (23.76%) JavaScript
3 2,901 (20.11%) Python
4 2,597 (18.00%) Java
5 1,654 (11.46%) T-SQL
6 793 (5.50%) PowerShell
7 692 (4.80%) R
8 652 (4.52%) PL/SQL
9 585 (4.05%) PHP
10 553 (3.83%) C++
11 514 (3.56%) TypeScript
12 371 (2.57%) VB.NET
13 360 (2.49%) Bash Shell
14 350 (2.43%) VBA
15 310 (2.15%) Scala
16 260 (1.80%) C
17 231 (1.60%) Shell Script
18 228 (1.58%) Java 8
19 218 (1.51%) VB
20 198 (1.37%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 2,066 (14.32%) Degree
2 657 (4.55%) Computer Science Degree
3 320 (2.22%) Security Cleared
4 247 (1.71%) Microsoft Certification
5 225 (1.56%) SC Cleared
6 108 (0.75%) ISTQB
7 93 (0.64%) MCSE
8 88 (0.61%) ISEB
9 86 (0.60%) MCSA
10 84 (0.58%) PhD
11 83 (0.58%) DV Cleared
12 82 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
13 75 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
14 73 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
14 73 (0.51%) Master's Degree
15 62 (0.43%) CISSP
16 55 (0.38%) CCNA
17 48 (0.33%) CISA
17 48 (0.33%) CISM
18 44 (0.30%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 745 (5.16%) QA
2 329 (2.28%) Data Quality
3 274 (1.90%) SLA
4 156 (1.08%) GDPR
5 93 (0.64%) GAAP
6 56 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 54 (0.37%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 46 (0.32%) PMO
9 37 (0.26%) PCI DSS
10 19 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
10 19 (0.13%) NIST
11 17 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 16 (0.11%) ISO 9001
13 12 (0.083%) GxP
13 12 (0.083%) MiFID
14 10 (0.069%) DICOM
14 10 (0.069%) ISO 20022
15 9 (0.062%) Solvency II
16 7 (0.049%) HIPAA
16 7 (0.049%) ISO 15022
System Software
1 1,276 (8.84%) Docker
2 762 (5.28%) Active Directory
3 351 (2.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 281 (1.95%) Hyper-V
5 92 (0.64%) vSphere
6 71 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
7 70 (0.49%) XenApp
8 64 (0.44%) VirtualBox
9 59 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
10 56 (0.39%) XenDesktop
11 36 (0.25%) HDFS
12 30 (0.21%) Virtual Servers
13 27 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 21 (0.15%) Terminal Server
15 20 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
16 19 (0.13%) KVM
17 18 (0.12%) Snort
18 17 (0.12%) Firmware
18 17 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
19 13 (0.090%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 849 (5.88%) Kubernetes
2 326 (2.26%) Terraform
3 307 (2.13%) Ansible
4 227 (1.57%) Puppet
5 166 (1.15%) SCCM
6 154 (1.07%) Opscode Chef
7 69 (0.48%) SCOM
8 63 (0.44%) Kibana
9 57 (0.40%) Grafana
10 53 (0.37%) Docker Swarm
11 52 (0.36%) Control-M
11 52 (0.36%) Prometheus
12 51 (0.35%) Nagios
13 47 (0.33%) Microsoft Intune
13 47 (0.33%) WSUS
14 36 (0.25%) Nessus
14 36 (0.25%) Packer
15 30 (0.21%) Microsoft Clustering
16 29 (0.20%) Graphite
17 27 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 3,416 (23.67%) Microsoft
2 1,860 (12.89%) Oracle
3 996 (6.90%) Tableau
4 562 (3.89%) VMware
5 458 (3.17%) Google
6 279 (1.93%) SAP
7 272 (1.89%) IBM
8 252 (1.75%) Cisco
9 244 (1.69%) Alteryx
10 231 (1.60%) Databricks
11 220 (1.52%) Teradata
12 195 (1.35%) Citrix
13 191 (1.32%) Blue Prism
14 189 (1.31%) UiPath
15 185 (1.28%) Automation Anywhere
16 182 (1.26%) Cadence
17 176 (1.22%) Salesforce.com
18 171 (1.19%) Bloomberg
19 170 (1.18%) Informatica
20 144 (1.00%) HP