Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 10 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CI/CD
UK
6 months to
10 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 16 18 27
Rank change year-on-year +2 +9 +22
Permanent jobs citing CI/CD 21,289 12,186 5,190
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the UK 12.52% 10.67% 8.06%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.07% 11.35% 8.66%
Number of salaries quoted 8,132 8,155 4,336
10th Percentile £46,250 £42,500 £42,500
25th Percentile £56,250 £52,500 £50,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £72,500 £70,000 £65,000
Median % change year-on-year +3.57% +7.69% -
75th Percentile £90,000 £86,250 £83,750
90th Percentile £105,000 £100,000 £100,625
UK excluding London median annual salary £65,000 £60,000 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.33% +9.09% -

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 162,861 107,406 59,927
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 95.78% 94.05% 93.06%
Number of salaries quoted 83,795 73,009 48,582
10th Percentile £34,000 £32,500 £32,500
25th Percentile £45,000 £42,500 £41,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £60,000 £55,000 £55,000
Median % change year-on-year +9.09% - +4.76%
75th Percentile £80,000 £75,000 £73,750
90th Percentile £96,965 £92,500 £90,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Trend

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CI/CD.

Salary trend for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Salary Histogram

Salary distribution for jobs citing CI/CD over the 6 months to 10 August 2022.

Salary histogram for CI/CD in the UK

CI/CD
Top 17 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the UK over the 6 months to 10 August 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England +3 17,406 £72,500 +3.57% 1,396
London +1 11,805 £80,000 - 733
Work from Home 0 10,154 £70,000 +3.70% 738
UK excluding London +1 6,085 £65,000 +8.33% 766
South East -7 1,780 £67,500 +8.00% 129
North of England +11 1,693 £62,500 +6.38% 229
North West +3 939 £65,000 +13.04% 132
South West +5 846 £60,000 +14.29% 105
Yorkshire +13 646 £62,500 +4.17% 65
Midlands -13 632 £65,000 +4.00% 102
Scotland +1 564 £60,000 +4.35% 81
East of England +1 471 £65,000 +4.00% 83
West Midlands -11 464 £67,500 +8.00% 68
East Midlands -11 166 £60,000 +9.09% 34
North East +13 108 £55,000 +12.24% 32
Wales -22 96 £55,000 +22.22% 18
Northern Ireland -24 54 £52,500 -30.00% 19

For the 6 months to 10 August 2022, IT jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 12,976 (60.95%) Agile
2 10,907 (51.23%) AWS
3 10,677 (50.15%) DevOps
4 8,346 (39.20%) Azure
5 8,125 (38.17%) Python
6 7,706 (36.20%) Docker
7 7,274 (34.17%) Kubernetes
8 6,911 (32.46%) Java
9 6,633 (31.16%) Software Engineering
10 6,346 (29.81%) JavaScript
11 5,825 (27.36%) Finance
12 5,602 (26.31%) Git (software)
13 5,459 (25.64%) Jenkins
14 5,453 (25.61%) Microservices
15 5,427 (25.49%) Terraform
16 5,276 (24.78%) React
17 5,157 (24.22%) Test Automation
18 4,919 (23.11%) SQL
19 4,894 (22.99%) TDD
20 4,568 (21.46%) GCP
21 4,563 (21.43%) Social Skills
22 4,060 (19.07%) Scrum
23 4,053 (19.04%) Infrastructure as Code
24 3,937 (18.49%) C#
25 3,775 (17.73%) Node.js
26 3,763 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
27 3,645 (17.12%) Full Stack Development
28 3,619 (17.00%) .NET
29 3,525 (16.56%) TypeScript
30 3,396 (15.95%) Serverless

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 804 (3.78%) Confluence
2 750 (3.52%) Apache Spark
3 495 (2.33%) Apache
4 491 (2.31%) Apache Airflow
5 352 (1.65%) CMS
6 233 (1.09%) nginx
7 216 (1.01%) IIS
8 166 (0.78%) Tomcat
9 138 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
10 121 (0.57%) JBoss
11 111 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
12 98 (0.46%) WordPress
13 92 (0.43%) Headless CMS
14 89 (0.42%) Jupyter
15 73 (0.34%) Ethereum
16 70 (0.33%) OpenStack
17 68 (0.32%) SharePoint
18 64 (0.30%) Apache Pulsar
19 57 (0.27%) Drupal
20 45 (0.21%) WebSphere
Applications
1 70 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
2 39 (0.18%) Chatbot
3 34 (0.16%) Microsoft Excel
4 30 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 28 (0.13%) Sketch
6 24 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 19 (0.089%) Adobe Illustrator
8 17 (0.080%) Photoshop
9 12 (0.056%) Zeplin
10 11 (0.052%) Simulink
11 7 (0.033%) Microsoft Project
12 6 (0.028%) InVision
13 5 (0.023%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.019%) Adobe Premiere
14 4 (0.019%) AutoCAD
14 4 (0.019%) Revit
15 1 (0.005%) Adobe XD
15 1 (0.005%) CPLEX
Business Applications
1 112 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
2 108 (0.51%) Payment Gateway
3 58 (0.27%) R3 Corda
4 43 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
5 21 (0.099%) Oracle BPM
5 21 (0.099%) Shopify
6 19 (0.089%) Academy Housing
6 19 (0.089%) Dynamics NAV
7 13 (0.061%) Magento
8 10 (0.047%) Oracle ERP
9 9 (0.042%) Adobe Campaign
9 9 (0.042%) Fidessa
9 9 (0.042%) NetSuite
9 9 (0.042%) SAP Hybris
10 8 (0.038%) Oracle EBS
11 6 (0.028%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
12 5 (0.023%) Acoustic Campaign
12 5 (0.023%) ProductWriter
12 5 (0.023%) SAP Oil and Gas
12 5 (0.023%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 10,907 (51.23%) AWS
2 8,346 (39.20%) Azure
3 4,568 (21.46%) GCP
4 3,396 (15.95%) Serverless
5 2,466 (11.58%) GitHub
6 2,205 (10.36%) Azure DevOps
7 1,738 (8.16%) AWS Lambda
8 1,521 (7.14%) SaaS
9 1,456 (6.84%) AWS CloudFormation
10 1,047 (4.92%) Amazon S3
11 892 (4.19%) PaaS
12 824 (3.87%) Amazon ECS
13 817 (3.84%) Cloud Computing
14 805 (3.78%) Amazon Kinesis
14 805 (3.78%) OpenShift
15 638 (3.00%) GitHub Actions
16 616 (2.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 615 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
18 586 (2.75%) Amazon EKS
19 542 (2.55%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 560 (2.63%) Internet
2 539 (2.53%) Firewall
3 429 (2.02%) HTTP
4 307 (1.44%) DNS
5 210 (0.99%) Network Security
6 186 (0.87%) VPN
7 182 (0.85%) Broadband
8 180 (0.85%) TCP/IP
9 91 (0.43%) PPP
10 71 (0.33%) DHCP
11 55 (0.26%) SSL
12 52 (0.24%) FTP
13 51 (0.24%) AMQP
14 46 (0.22%) Wireshark
15 44 (0.21%) Reverse Proxy
16 43 (0.20%) LAN
17 39 (0.18%) HTTPS
18 38 (0.18%) MQTT
19 37 (0.17%) 5G
20 36 (0.17%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,690 (12.64%) PostgreSQL
2 2,455 (11.53%) NoSQL
3 1,856 (8.72%) SQL Server
4 1,784 (8.38%) MySQL
5 1,559 (7.32%) Relational Database
6 1,361 (6.39%) MongoDB
7 1,163 (5.46%) Elasticsearch
8 1,062 (4.99%) Big Data
9 858 (4.03%) DynamoDB
10 813 (3.82%) Redis
11 748 (3.51%) Data Warehouse
12 629 (2.95%) Amazon RDS
13 623 (2.93%) Data Lake
14 463 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
15 431 (2.02%) Amazon Redshift
16 399 (1.87%) Hadoop
17 390 (1.83%) BigQuery
18 382 (1.79%) RDBMS
19 375 (1.76%) Amazon Athena
20 330 (1.55%) Amazon Aurora
Development Applications
1 5,602 (26.31%) Git (software)
2 5,459 (25.64%) Jenkins
3 2,233 (10.49%) JIRA
4 1,695 (7.96%) GitLab
5 1,184 (5.56%) Selenium
6 886 (4.16%) Maven
7 855 (4.02%) TeamCity
8 837 (3.93%) Cypress.io
9 812 (3.81%) CircleCI
10 771 (3.62%) Octopus Deploy
11 770 (3.62%) Cucumber
12 613 (2.88%) JUnit
13 592 (2.78%) Postman
14 550 (2.58%) Bitbucket
15 513 (2.41%) Gradle
16 484 (2.27%) webpack
17 436 (2.05%) Subversion
18 424 (1.99%) Team Foundation Server
19 355 (1.67%) Travis CI
20 337 (1.58%) Artifactory
General
1 5,825 (27.36%) Finance
2 4,563 (21.43%) Social Skills
3 1,880 (8.83%) Banking
4 1,720 (8.08%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 1,621 (7.61%) Retail
6 1,432 (6.73%) Analytical Skills
7 1,122 (5.27%) Games
8 948 (4.45%) Public Sector
9 891 (4.19%) Marketing
10 745 (3.50%) Manufacturing
11 602 (2.83%) Law
12 481 (2.26%) Legal
13 350 (1.64%) Organisational Skills
14 312 (1.47%) Front Office
15 297 (1.40%) Advertising
16 296 (1.39%) Presentation Skills
17 285 (1.34%) Financial Institution
18 274 (1.29%) Telecoms
19 257 (1.21%) Automotive
20 235 (1.10%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 6,015 (28.25%) Developer
2 3,451 (16.21%) Software Engineer
3 3,402 (15.98%) DevOps Engineer
4 2,001 (9.40%) Senior Developer
5 1,182 (5.55%) Senior Software Engineer
6 1,131 (5.31%) Senior DevOps
7 1,087 (5.11%) Data Engineer
8 1,061 (4.98%) Senior DevOps Engineer
9 987 (4.64%) Java Developer
10 985 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
11 961 (4.51%) Cloud Engineer
12 943 (4.43%) Architect
13 750 (3.52%) Software Developer
14 708 (3.33%) Java Engineer
15 698 (3.28%) .NET Developer
16 648 (3.04%) AWS Engineer
17 557 (2.62%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
18 490 (2.30%) Azure Engineer
19 476 (2.24%) Lead Developer
20 456 (2.14%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5,276 (24.78%) React
2 3,775 (17.73%) Node.js
3 3,619 (17.00%) .NET
4 2,496 (11.72%) REST
5 2,420 (11.37%) Kafka
6 2,365 (11.11%) CSS
7 2,164 (10.16%) HTML
8 2,149 (10.09%) AngularJS
9 2,133 (10.02%) RESTful
10 1,891 (8.88%) Spring
11 1,362 (6.40%) .NET Core
12 1,360 (6.39%) Spring Boot
13 1,250 (5.87%) Vue.js
14 1,154 (5.42%) GraphQL
15 1,143 (5.37%) Web Services
16 918 (4.31%) ASP.NET
17 910 (4.27%) Jest
18 780 (3.66%) .NET Framework
19 771 (3.62%) HTML5
20 704 (3.31%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 2,028 (9.53%) Cloud Native
2 1,986 (9.33%) User Experience
3 1,301 (6.11%) Algorithms
4 1,211 (5.69%) Self-Motivation
5 1,170 (5.50%) Public Cloud
6 1,110 (5.21%) Data Structures
7 1,063 (4.99%) Mobile App
8 944 (4.43%) Greenfield Project
9 530 (2.49%) Enterprise Software
10 523 (2.46%) Virtual Team
11 519 (2.44%) Life Science
12 472 (2.22%) Linux Command Line
13 378 (1.78%) Blog
14 346 (1.63%) Blockchain
15 286 (1.34%) Data Centre
16 261 (1.23%) Private Cloud
17 260 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 255 (1.20%) Management Information System
19 234 (1.10%) Hackathon
20 225 (1.06%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 3,250 (15.27%) Linux
2 1,485 (6.98%) Windows
3 889 (4.18%) Unix
4 845 (3.97%) Android
5 646 (3.03%) Apple iOS
6 344 (1.62%) Windows Server
7 193 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 182 (0.85%) Mesosphere
9 121 (0.57%) CentOS
10 110 (0.52%) VMS
11 104 (0.49%) Ubuntu
12 43 (0.20%) Mac OS
13 32 (0.15%) AIX
14 25 (0.12%) Windows Server 2019
15 22 (0.10%) Mac OS X
15 22 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
16 21 (0.099%) Alpine Linux
17 20 (0.094%) Oracle Linux
18 19 (0.089%) Debian
19 18 (0.085%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 12,976 (60.95%) Agile
2 10,677 (50.15%) DevOps
3 6,633 (31.16%) Software Engineering
4 5,453 (25.61%) Microservices
5 5,157 (24.22%) Test Automation
6 4,894 (22.99%) TDD
7 4,060 (19.07%) Scrum
8 4,053 (19.04%) Infrastructure as Code
9 3,763 (17.68%) Continuous Integration
10 3,645 (17.12%) Full Stack Development
11 3,374 (15.85%) Mentoring
12 3,228 (15.16%) Problem-Solving
13 2,537 (11.92%) Continuous Delivery
14 2,495 (11.72%) Containerisation
15 2,419 (11.36%) BDD
16 2,381 (11.18%) SDLC
17 2,183 (10.25%) Analytics
18 2,135 (10.03%) Computer Science
19 2,127 (9.99%) Coaching
20 1,909 (8.97%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 8,125 (38.17%) Python
2 6,911 (32.46%) Java
3 6,346 (29.81%) JavaScript
4 4,919 (23.11%) SQL
5 3,937 (18.49%) C#
6 3,525 (16.56%) TypeScript
7 2,000 (9.39%) Bash
8 1,861 (8.74%) Go
9 1,682 (7.90%) PowerShell
10 1,377 (6.47%) Ruby
11 1,069 (5.02%) PHP
12 1,056 (4.96%) Scala
13 975 (4.58%) Kotlin
14 840 (3.95%) C++
15 688 (3.23%) C
16 592 (2.78%) Groovy
17 560 (2.63%) Shell Script
18 478 (2.25%) ES6
19 425 (2.00%) T-SQL
20 383 (1.80%) Perl
Qualifications
1 2,491 (11.70%) Degree
2 1,202 (5.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 507 (2.38%) Security Cleared
4 333 (1.56%) SC Cleared
5 250 (1.17%) AWS Certification
6 226 (1.06%) Master's Degree
7 194 (0.91%) ISTQB
8 124 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
9 122 (0.57%) ISEB
10 100 (0.47%) PhD
11 89 (0.42%) PMI Certification
12 74 (0.35%) OCP
12 74 (0.35%) Oracle Certification
13 61 (0.29%) Numerate Degree
14 58 (0.27%) DV Cleared
15 50 (0.23%) CISSP
16 46 (0.22%) BPSS Clearance
17 37 (0.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 35 (0.16%) Cisco Certification
19 29 (0.14%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2,549 (11.97%) QA
2 574 (2.70%) Accessibility
3 376 (1.77%) Data Quality
4 171 (0.80%) GDPR
5 131 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 130 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 78 (0.37%) SLA
8 73 (0.34%) SOC 2
9 46 (0.22%) NIST
10 41 (0.19%) HIPAA
11 36 (0.17%) Cyber Essentials
12 31 (0.15%) GRC
13 28 (0.13%) Automotive SPICE
13 28 (0.13%) MISRA
14 23 (0.11%) HL7
15 22 (0.10%) ISO 9001
16 16 (0.075%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
16 16 (0.075%) WCAG
17 15 (0.070%) GxP
17 15 (0.070%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 7,706 (36.20%) Docker
2 316 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
3 250 (1.17%) Active Directory
4 245 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
5 118 (0.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 59 (0.28%) Hyper-V
7 57 (0.27%) KVM
8 52 (0.24%) Apache Flume
9 34 (0.16%) vSphere
10 26 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
11 23 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 21 (0.099%) Firmware
13 20 (0.094%) ISA Server
13 20 (0.094%) LXC
13 20 (0.094%) zsh
14 17 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
14 17 (0.080%) Xen
15 16 (0.075%) NFS
15 16 (0.075%) VMware NSX
16 13 (0.061%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 7,274 (34.17%) Kubernetes
2 5,427 (25.49%) Terraform
3 2,893 (13.59%) Ansible
4 1,222 (5.74%) Puppet
5 1,098 (5.16%) Opscode Chef
6 694 (3.26%) Prometheus
7 590 (2.77%) Grafana
8 286 (1.34%) Istio
9 264 (1.24%) Kibana
10 254 (1.19%) Docker Swarm
11 232 (1.09%) Consul
12 203 (0.95%) logstash
13 182 (0.85%) Automic
14 145 (0.68%) Rancher
15 136 (0.64%) ZABBIX
16 131 (0.62%) Packer
17 125 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
18 83 (0.39%) Nagios
19 77 (0.36%) Argo
19 77 (0.36%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 2,427 (11.40%) Microsoft
2 2,049 (9.62%) Google
3 789 (3.71%) Oracle
4 673 (3.16%) Splunk
5 417 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
6 363 (1.71%) Databricks
7 352 (1.65%) VMware
8 274 (1.29%) Atlassian
9 239 (1.12%) Red Hat
10 222 (1.04%) New Relic
11 190 (0.89%) IBM
12 159 (0.75%) Apple
13 150 (0.70%) MuleSoft
14 147 (0.69%) SAP
15 138 (0.65%) Hitachi
16 135 (0.63%) Spotify
17 132 (0.62%) AppDynamics
18 130 (0.61%) Dell
19 128 (0.60%) Dynatrace
20 124 (0.58%) ServiceNow