Period
to 17 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Linux
UK
6 months to
17 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 18 16 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Permanent jobs citing Linux 15,218 18,520 19,705
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.45% 10.53% 11.09%
As % of the Operating Systems category 45.65% 45.63% 45.24%
Number of salaries quoted 11,708 14,658 16,262
UK median annual salary £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +5.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,017 £29,750
90th Percentile £85,300 £82,500 £80,000
UK excluding London median annual salary £45,000 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 33,336 40,586 43,552
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the UK 22.90% 23.08% 24.52%
Number of salaries quoted 26,399 32,665 35,963
UK median annual salary £47,000 £47,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +4.44% -
10th Percentile £25,750 £25,500 £25,000
90th Percentile £80,000 £76,250 £73,750
UK excluding London median annual salary £41,500 £40,210 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.21% +0.52% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing Linux.

Salary trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Salary Histogram

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 17 July 2019.

Salary histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 18 Job Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 17 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 13,986 £55,000 +4.76% 2,656
UK excluding London 0 9,140 £45,000 - 1,902
London -1 5,756 £65,000 - 898
South East -1 3,069 £50,000 +5.26% 514
North of England +1 1,880 £45,000 - 394
South West +4 1,411 £45,000 +4.65% 281
East of England +2 947 £50,000 -4.76% 316
Midlands +5 889 £42,500 -5.56% 254
Yorkshire +8 873 £47,500 +5.56% 123
North West -3 865 £42,500 -5.56% 216
Scotland +5 649 £42,000 +0.60% 79
West Midlands +6 590 £42,500 -5.56% 150
East Midlands +4 299 £47,500 +5.56% 104
Wales -3 164 £40,000 -0.52% 39
North East +16 147 £45,024 +12.56% 55
Northern Ireland +5 120 £50,000 +11.11% 25
Isle of Man +7 13 £45,750 -3.68%
Channel Islands +4 6 £30,000 -55.56% 1

For the 6 months to 17 July 2019, IT jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 5,554 (36.50%) Python
2 5,281 (34.70%) Windows
3 4,720 (31.02%) Amazon AWS
4 4,451 (29.25%) DevOps
5 4,097 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
6 3,724 (24.47%) Java
7 3,307 (21.73%) Docker
8 3,231 (21.23%) Unix
9 3,205 (21.06%) SQL
10 2,741 (18.01%) Ansible
11 2,694 (17.70%) Microsoft Azure
12 2,581 (16.96%) Bash Shell
13 2,489 (16.36%) Git (software)
14 2,398 (15.76%) Finance
15 2,355 (15.48%) Software Engineering
16 2,286 (15.02%) Puppet
17 2,271 (14.92%) JavaScript
18 2,201 (14.46%) Jenkins
19 2,150 (14.13%) Kubernetes
20 2,125 (13.96%) Degree
21 2,029 (13.33%) C++
22 2,028 (13.33%) VMware
23 1,992 (13.09%) Microsoft
24 1,908 (12.54%) MySQL
25 1,884 (12.38%) Firewall
26 1,709 (11.23%) Problem-Solving
27 1,649 (10.84%) Terraform
28 1,631 (10.72%) Opscode Chef
29 1,542 (10.13%) Cisco
30 1,515 (9.96%) Continuous Integration

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1,039 (6.83%) Apache
2 530 (3.48%) Tomcat
3 527 (3.46%) Elasticsearch
4 398 (2.62%) Confluence
5 397 (2.61%) nginx
6 390 (2.56%) Apache Spark
7 383 (2.52%) IIS
8 297 (1.95%) SharePoint
9 284 (1.87%) MS Exchange
10 270 (1.77%) OpenStack
11 253 (1.66%) JBoss
12 187 (1.23%) WebSphere
13 170 (1.12%) WebLogic
14 138 (0.91%) WordPress
15 92 (0.60%) Exchange Server 2013
16 85 (0.56%) Exchange Server 2010
17 78 (0.51%) CMS
18 69 (0.45%) Apache Solr
19 67 (0.44%) Drupal
20 57 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 302 (1.98%) Microsoft Office
2 80 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 52 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 38 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
5 33 (0.22%) MS Visio
6 25 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 16 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 13 (0.085%) Fireworks
9 11 (0.072%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 11 (0.072%) Maya
10 9 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
10 9 (0.059%) Simulink
10 9 (0.059%) Sketch
11 7 (0.046%) GNU Octave
11 7 (0.046%) Maple
12 6 (0.039%) CATIA
12 6 (0.039%) CINEMA 4D
12 6 (0.039%) MODO
12 6 (0.039%) NUKE
13 4 (0.026%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 67 (0.44%) Magento
2 34 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
3 33 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 30 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 25 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 22 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
7 21 (0.14%) Oracle EBS R12
8 20 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
9 15 (0.099%) Remedy ITSM
10 13 (0.085%) SAP ERP
10 13 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
11 12 (0.079%) SAP S/4HANA
11 12 (0.079%) Shopify
12 11 (0.072%) Odoo
13 10 (0.066%) Distributed Ledger
13 10 (0.066%) NetSuite
13 10 (0.066%) SAP Business One
14 9 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
15 8 (0.053%) Dynamics AX
15 8 (0.053%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 4,720 (31.02%) Amazon AWS
2 2,694 (17.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 1,279 (8.40%) Google Cloud Platform
4 773 (5.08%) SaaS
5 675 (4.44%) Office 365
6 546 (3.59%) AWS CloudFormation
7 460 (3.02%) Amazon EC2
8 422 (2.77%) IaaS
9 418 (2.75%) Serverless
10 408 (2.68%) GitHub
11 375 (2.46%) Cloud Computing
12 369 (2.42%) Amazon S3
13 322 (2.12%) PaaS
14 310 (2.04%) AWS Lambda
15 225 (1.48%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 219 (1.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 202 (1.33%) OpenShift
18 185 (1.22%) Amazon ECS
19 159 (1.04%) Amazon SQS
20 137 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 1,884 (12.38%) Firewall
2 1,257 (8.26%) DNS
3 1,023 (6.72%) TCP/IP
4 892 (5.86%) WAN
5 864 (5.68%) VPN
6 753 (4.95%) Network Security
7 548 (3.60%) SAN
8 505 (3.32%) LAN
9 504 (3.31%) Cisco ASA
10 500 (3.29%) OSPF
11 485 (3.19%) Internet
12 482 (3.17%) BGP
13 462 (3.04%) Cisco Nexus
14 460 (3.02%) DHCP
15 456 (3.00%) MPLS
15 456 (3.00%) SMTP
16 416 (2.73%) IPsec
17 400 (2.63%) NetScaler
18 397 (2.61%) HTTP
19 386 (2.54%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,908 (12.54%) MySQL
2 1,361 (8.94%) SQL Server
3 854 (5.61%) PostgreSQL
4 771 (5.07%) Big Data
5 682 (4.48%) MongoDB
6 671 (4.41%) NoSQL
7 652 (4.28%) Relational Database
8 401 (2.64%) Hadoop
9 357 (2.35%) Oracle Database
10 356 (2.34%) Amazon RDS
11 309 (2.03%) Redis
12 250 (1.64%) Apache Cassandra
13 208 (1.37%) RDBMS
14 153 (1.01%) MariaDB
15 143 (0.94%) Apache Hive
16 121 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 115 (0.76%) SQL Server 2012
18 113 (0.74%) DB2
19 111 (0.73%) Data Warehouse
20 97 (0.64%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 2,489 (16.36%) Git (software)
2 2,201 (14.46%) Jenkins
3 1,073 (7.05%) JIRA
4 520 (3.42%) Subversion
5 476 (3.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 414 (2.72%) Maven
7 408 (2.68%) TeamCity
8 383 (2.52%) Selenium
9 320 (2.10%) Octopus Deploy
10 311 (2.04%) Bitbucket
11 261 (1.72%) GitLab
12 227 (1.49%) Cucumber
12 227 (1.49%) JUnit
13 214 (1.41%) Team Foundation Server
14 190 (1.25%) Vagrant
15 189 (1.24%) Visual Studio
16 168 (1.10%) Gradle
17 158 (1.04%) Travis CI
18 151 (0.99%) Eclipse
19 140 (0.92%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 2,398 (15.76%) Finance
2 713 (4.69%) Banking
3 560 (3.68%) Retail
4 484 (3.18%) Telecoms
5 331 (2.18%) Marketing
6 280 (1.84%) Games
7 277 (1.82%) Electronics
8 224 (1.47%) Front Office
9 223 (1.47%) Manufacturing
10 144 (0.95%) Law
11 141 (0.93%) Legal
12 126 (0.83%) Automotive
13 123 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 108 (0.71%) Back Office
15 100 (0.66%) Investment Banking
16 91 (0.60%) Advertising
17 73 (0.48%) Aerospace
18 64 (0.42%) Publishing
19 43 (0.28%) Billing
19 43 (0.28%) Military
Job Titles
1 3,217 (21.14%) Developer
2 2,171 (14.27%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,339 (8.80%) Software Engineer
4 1,261 (8.29%) Linux Engineer
5 941 (6.18%) Analyst
6 864 (5.68%) Administrator
7 850 (5.59%) Java Developer
8 750 (4.93%) Cloud Engineer
9 737 (4.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
10 730 (4.80%) AWS Engineer
11 727 (4.78%) Support Engineer
12 651 (4.28%) Network Engineer
13 638 (4.19%) Systems Administrator
14 542 (3.56%) AWS DevOps
15 540 (3.55%) PHP Developer
16 539 (3.54%) Senior Developer
17 536 (3.52%) Security Engineer
18 534 (3.51%) Architect
19 526 (3.46%) Linux/Unix DevOps
20 490 (3.22%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,322 (8.69%) HTML
2 1,244 (8.17%) Web Services
3 1,194 (7.85%) CSS
4 935 (6.14%) .NET
5 909 (5.97%) Node.js
6 773 (5.08%) Spring
7 675 (4.44%) AngularJS
8 637 (4.19%) LAMP
9 633 (4.16%) RESTful
10 583 (3.83%) Elastic Stack
11 574 (3.77%) REST
12 550 (3.61%) React
13 514 (3.38%) XML
14 502 (3.30%) jQuery
15 469 (3.08%) Kafka
16 466 (3.06%) JSON
17 394 (2.59%) SOAP
18 388 (2.55%) HTML5
19 297 (1.95%) Middleware
20 293 (1.93%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 978 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
2 781 (5.13%) Data Centre
3 682 (4.48%) Management Information System
4 658 (4.32%) Public Cloud
5 649 (4.26%) Linux Command Line
6 498 (3.27%) Self-Motivation
7 407 (2.67%) Algorithms
8 318 (2.09%) User Experience
9 301 (1.98%) Enterprise Software
10 287 (1.89%) Hybrid Cloud
11 269 (1.77%) Mobile App
12 268 (1.76%) Greenfield Project
13 238 (1.56%) Replication
14 221 (1.45%) Clustering
15 200 (1.31%) Private Cloud
16 179 (1.18%) Data Structures
17 177 (1.16%) Hedge funds
18 172 (1.13%) Virtual Team
19 167 (1.10%) Smartphone
20 149 (0.98%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 5,281 (34.70%) Windows
2 3,231 (21.23%) Unix
3 1,500 (9.86%) Windows Server
4 1,140 (7.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 1,063 (6.99%) CentOS
6 831 (5.46%) Ubuntu
7 512 (3.36%) Windows Server 2012
8 447 (2.94%) Debian
9 430 (2.83%) Android
10 340 (2.23%) Windows Server 2008
11 330 (2.17%) Apple iOS
12 318 (2.09%) Windows 10
13 261 (1.72%) Windows 7
14 249 (1.64%) Solaris
15 238 (1.56%) Mac OS
16 228 (1.50%) AIX
17 137 (0.90%) Embedded Linux
18 109 (0.72%) Mac OS X
19 100 (0.66%) SUSE
20 95 (0.62%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,451 (29.25%) DevOps
2 4,097 (26.92%) Agile Software Development
3 2,355 (15.48%) Software Engineering
4 1,709 (11.23%) Problem-Solving
5 1,515 (9.96%) Continuous Integration
6 1,481 (9.73%) Configuration Management
7 1,268 (8.33%) Computer Science
8 1,249 (8.21%) Open Source
9 1,230 (8.08%) ITIL
10 1,163 (7.64%) Test Automation
11 1,096 (7.20%) Infrastructure Engineering
12 1,010 (6.64%) Cybersecurity
13 965 (6.34%) Microservices
14 962 (6.32%) Scrum
15 903 (5.93%) OO
16 889 (5.84%) TDD
17 822 (5.40%) Mentoring
18 816 (5.36%) Infrastructure as Code
19 791 (5.20%) Analytics
20 690 (4.53%) Service Delivery
Programming Languages
1 5,554 (36.50%) Python
2 3,724 (24.47%) Java
3 3,205 (21.06%) SQL
4 2,581 (16.96%) Bash Shell
5 2,271 (14.92%) JavaScript
6 2,029 (13.33%) C++
7 1,419 (9.32%) PHP
8 1,356 (8.91%) PowerShell
9 1,320 (8.67%) Perl
10 1,261 (8.29%) C#
11 1,215 (7.98%) C
12 1,197 (7.87%) Ruby
13 756 (4.97%) Shell Script
14 594 (3.90%) Go
15 334 (2.19%) Scala
16 224 (1.47%) Java 8
17 222 (1.46%) PL/SQL
18 208 (1.37%) TypeScript
19 171 (1.12%) Groovy
20 126 (0.83%) R
Qualifications
1 2,125 (13.96%) Degree
2 1,186 (7.79%) Security Cleared
3 918 (6.03%) Cisco Certification
4 684 (4.49%) CCNA
5 610 (4.01%) Computer Science Degree
6 594 (3.90%) SC Cleared
7 569 (3.74%) CCNP
8 431 (2.83%) DV Cleared
9 347 (2.28%) Microsoft Certification
10 243 (1.60%) CISSP
11 225 (1.48%) MCSE
12 205 (1.35%) AWS Certification
13 162 (1.06%) RHCE
14 122 (0.80%) MCSA
15 110 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
16 96 (0.63%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 89 (0.58%) Master's Degree
18 87 (0.57%) PhD
19 84 (0.55%) CISA
20 83 (0.55%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 756 (4.97%) QA
2 644 (4.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 366 (2.41%) ISO 9001
4 343 (2.25%) SLA
5 139 (0.91%) GDPR
6 120 (0.79%) PCI DSS
7 57 (0.37%) NIST
8 52 (0.34%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 40 (0.26%) HL7
10 32 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 28 (0.18%) COBIT
12 24 (0.16%) HMG Infosec
13 23 (0.15%) Data Quality
13 23 (0.15%) ISO 22301
13 23 (0.15%) NCSC
14 21 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 21 (0.14%) JSP 440
15 19 (0.12%) PSD2
16 16 (0.11%) ISO 9000
17 15 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 3,307 (21.73%) Docker
2 1,290 (8.48%) Active Directory
3 1,289 (8.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 590 (3.88%) Hyper-V
5 325 (2.14%) Virtual Machines
6 293 (1.93%) vSphere
7 280 (1.84%) VMware ESXi
8 147 (0.97%) KVM
8 147 (0.97%) XenApp
9 121 (0.80%) Firmware
10 116 (0.76%) XenDesktop
11 104 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
11 104 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
12 95 (0.62%) NFS
13 91 (0.60%) Microsoft App-V
14 80 (0.53%) VMware NSX
15 78 (0.51%) Xen
16 70 (0.46%) VirtualBox
17 63 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 60 (0.39%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 2,741 (18.01%) Ansible
2 2,286 (15.02%) Puppet
3 2,150 (14.13%) Kubernetes
4 1,649 (10.84%) Terraform
5 1,631 (10.72%) Opscode Chef
6 732 (4.81%) Nagios
7 386 (2.54%) FortiGate
8 333 (2.19%) SCCM
9 305 (2.00%) Prometheus
10 265 (1.74%) Packer
11 263 (1.73%) Salt
12 219 (1.44%) Grafana
13 209 (1.37%) Consul
14 206 (1.35%) Docker Swarm
15 180 (1.18%) SCOM
16 154 (1.01%) Kibana
17 140 (0.92%) ZABBIX
18 109 (0.72%) Nessus
19 103 (0.68%) WSUS
20 100 (0.66%) Graphite
Vendors
1 2,028 (13.33%) VMware
2 1,992 (13.09%) Microsoft
3 1,542 (10.13%) Cisco
4 1,512 (9.94%) Oracle
5 1,413 (9.29%) Red Hat
6 836 (5.49%) Google
7 475 (3.12%) IBM
8 463 (3.04%) Citrix
9 424 (2.79%) Fortinet
10 423 (2.78%) Splunk
11 405 (2.66%) Palo Alto
12 363 (2.39%) HP
13 282 (1.85%) SAP
14 276 (1.81%) Juniper
15 253 (1.66%) Atlassian
16 228 (1.50%) Dell
17 204 (1.34%) NetApp
18 194 (1.27%) CheckPoint
19 175 (1.15%) EMC
20 174 (1.14%) SolarWinds